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# MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

MET211
Internal Marks : 40 Credits : 4.5
External Marks : 60 L T P
Duration of External Exam : 3 Hours 4 1 0

## Objectives of the course:

 To provide the students a clear understanding of the concepts of stress, strains & stress strain
diagrams
 To impart knowledge about calculation of stresses & strains in various conditions &
understanding concepts of principal stresses & strains
 To make the students understand the concept of shear force & bending moment diagrams,
relationship between slope & deflection, torsional forces

Detailed Contents
UNIT- I
SIMPLE STRESS AND STRAIN:
Stress- strain, tensile & compressive stresses, shear stress-Elastic limit, Hooke’s Law. Elastic Constants:
Poission’s Ratio, Modulus of elasticity, Modulus of rigidity, Bulk modulus, Yield stress, Ultimate stress.
Factor of safety, state of simple shear, relation between elastic constants, Volumetric Strain, Volumetric
strain for tri-axial loading, Deformation of tapering members, Deformation due to self-weight, bars of
varying sections, composite sections, Thermal Stress.
(6 Hrs)
COMPOUND STRESSES & STRAINS :
Two dimensional stress system, stress at a point on a plane, principal stresses and principal planes,
Mohr’s circle of stress ellipse of stress and their applications. Generalized Hook's law, principal stresses
related to principal strains.
(6 Hrs)

## BEAMS - LOADS AND STRESSES

Types of beams, Types of loading, Concept of end supports – Roller, hinged and fixed, Support reactions
for statically determinate beams, Concept of bending moment and shearing force, Bending moment and
shearing force diagram for cantilever and simply supported beams Uniformly varying loads with and
without overhang subjected to concentrated and UDL, Application of moments, Point of contra flexure.
(5 Hrs)

UNIT-II
BENDING STRESSES IN BEAMS:
Assumptions in the simple bending theory; derivation of formula and its application to beams of
rectangular, circular and channel, I and T- sections. Combined direct and bending stresses in afore-
mentioned sections, composite / flitched beams.
(6 Hrs)

## THIN WALLED VESSELS

Hoop & Longitudinal stresses & strains in cylindrical & spherical vessels & their derivations under
internal pressure, wire would cylinders.
(4 Hrs)
TORSION

Stresses and deformation in circular (solid and hollow shafts),Concept of torsion, difference between
torque and torsion, Derivation and use of torque equation Shear stress diagram for solid and hollow
circular shaft Comparison between solid and hollow shaft with regard to their strength and weight ,Power
transmitted by shaft .
(6 Hrs)

UNIT-III
DEFLECTION AND SLOPE OF BEAMS:

Deflection of Cantilever, Relationship between moment, slope and deflection; method of integration,
simply supported and over hanging beams using double integration and Macaulay’s Method for
Cantilevers, Simply supported beams with or without overhang and Under concentrated loads, uniformly
(7 Hrs)

THEORIES OF FAILURE:
Introduction and need of theories of failure, Maximum principal stress theory, maximum shear stress
theory, maximum principal strain theory, total strain energy theory, shear strain energy theory. Graphical
representation and derivation of equation for these theories and their application to problems related to
two dimensional stress systems.

(5 Hrs)

COLUMNS
Concept of column, modes of failure ,Types of columns ,Buckling load, crushing load ,Slenderness ratio,
Factors effecting strength of a column ,End restraints ,Effective length , Strength of column by Euler
Formula, Rankine Gourdan formula
(5 Hrs)

Text Books:
1. S. RamaMrutham, Strength of Materials, Dhanpat Rai & Sons
2. Dr. R. K. Bansal, Strength of Material (Laxmi Publishers)
Reference Books:
1. D.H Shames, Introduction to Solid Mechanics, Prentice Hall Inc.
2. GH Ryder, Strength of Materials – ( MacMillan)
3. Crandall & Dahi, An introduction to Mechanics of Solids – ( McGraw Hill )
4. Gere, Mechanics of Materials (Cengage Learning)
5. Hibler, Mechanics of Materials (Pearson Education)