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ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF

CONTINUOUS STEEL TRUSS BRIDGE


By:-
Aditya Suman (15113010)
Ankur (15113020)
Ashish Singh Sengar (15113028)
Avinash Kumar Jha (15113030)
Under the guidance of :- Dr. Anupam Chakrabarti

Department Of Civil Engineering, IIT Roorkee


Description
❖ Objective: To design the continuous steel truss rail bridge
❖ Elements in a typical Through Rail bridge:

Cross Girders Lower chord Bracings

Stringer Stringer bracing & Transverse Strut

Lower chord Truss

Upper Chord Upper Chord bracing


TOP PLAN

ELEVATION VIEW

BOTTOM PLAN
Description
❖ General Configurations of the bridge:-
● Total length = 160 m
● Standard warren truss having 40 panels (40@4m) =160m
● Width = 5.3m
● Height = 7m.
● Cross girder spacing = 4m.
● Two stringers with gap = 1.9m
● Distance b/w stringer and lower chord = 1.7 m
● 4 Roller and 1 hinged supports
3D-(ISOMETRIC VIEW )
Basics of STAAD.Pro

● Software for structural analysis and design


● 3D model generation
● Post Processing
● Multi material design
● GUI and Text Editor facility
Bridge-Model
● Based on the general configuration.
● Added nodes and connected them through beams.

4m

5.3m
Bridge-Model
● Assigned support conditions.

Hinged support Roller support


Bridge-Model
● Assigned truss member specification.
Bridge-Model
● Trial Sections
Elements of Superstructure Section Size Member Type

Lower Chords Channel - Double ISMC 300 Truss

Upper Chords Channel - Double ISMC 300 Truss

Cross Girders I section I125012B55016 Beam

Stringers I section I80012B50012 Beam

Lower Chord Bracings Angle - Double ISA 75x75x6 Truss

Upper Chord Bracings Angle single ISA 70x70x6 Truss

Stringer’s Bracing Angle - Single ISA 70x70x6 Truss

Stringer’s Transverse strut Channel - Single ISMC-300 Truss

Transverse strut b/w upper chord Channel - Double ISMC250 Truss

Vertical Truss Channel - Double ISMC250 Truss


I section Face to face Back to Back

Double angle
Bridge-Model
● Assigned member specifications in STAAD
Bridge-Model
● Final outcome

ROLLER SUPPORT
HINGED SUPPORT
ROLLER SUPPORT
3D-(ISOMETRIC VIEW )
Load Assignment and Definitions
Method of Assigning Loads
UDL of track on Stringers
Pictorial Representation of Loads

-1.81KN/m

UDL on stringers(-1.81KN/m)
Isometric View(Total DL)
Sectional View(x direction)
Post Processing and Results

● Display Deflection , Bending Moment , beam stresses , axial and


shear forces diagrams.
● Gives Reactions at different support.
● Provides summary (Maximum and Minimum values).
● Animation of deflection or section displacement .
● Gives the values for individual members.
● Live Load , wind load , seismic load etc. analysis
Bending : Mz

BM diagram in Post Processing Mode


Max. BM( Mz) at stringer near second support

Max. Fx at lower chord near second support


Node having maximum deflection
Post Processing Results

Summary of Maximum and Minimum Force results


Summary of Maximum node displacements<(L/300)=133.33mm
Individual member results

A typical Truss Member


A typical Cross Girder
A typical Cross Girder
Observation

● Lesser deflection in case of continuous bridge (as expected)

● Deflection is lower than the permissible as per IS 800.

● Smaller cross section of truss member ( economical)

● Additional stresses due to temperature effects


Future Works

● Live Load and Wind Load Analysis

● Design of different structural components of bridge

● Analysis of temperature stresses


Conclusion
● Model of bridge has been finalised.

● Analysis for dead load has been done.

● Behaviour of continuous steel truss bridge is as expected.


THANK YOU!