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INTERNSHIP REPORT

INTERNSHIP REPORT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First I would like to thank, DR. Zulifqar Head of Civil Engineering Department

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First I would like to thank, DR. Zulifqar Head of Civil Engineering Department Univsersity of Lahore to advise me to do this internship. Secondly I would like to thank Engineer Farakh Alvi, the Project Manager HRL (Pvt.) Ltd, Chiniot Power Plant for giving me the opportunity to do an internship within the organization. For me it was a unique experience to be in Chiniot and to study an interesting project. It helped me to get back my interest in Civil Engineering and to have new plans for my future career. I also would like all the people that worked in the project. With their patience and sincerity they created an enjoyable working environment. Furthermore I want to thank all the Engineers with whom I did the fieldwork experienced great things together and they have shown me great learning parts of their project. At last I would like to thank the Engineer Sharjeel, Planning Manager TAPL and especially thank to the Engineer Ijaz Rasool, Site Manager TAPL, to allow me to do this interesting internship. The internship is very helpful as I have gained my knowledge as a civil engineer and also it will support me in my job carrier. I would like to say that it would me one of my best experiences that would remain with me in my job career.

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INTERNSHIP REPORT CONTENTS 1) Introduction   4 1.1) Project Description

CONTENTS

1)

Introduction

 

4

1.1)

Project Description ………………………………

4

1.2)

INTRODUCTION OF ORGANIZATION

……4

2)

Activities Participated …………………………………….5

3)

Activities Observed ……………………………………… 6

4)

Correlation of Activities with Standards ………………

7

5)

Study of Drawing, Design ……………………………….11

6)

Difficulties Faced ………………………………………

12

7)

Summery and Knowledge ………………………………13

8)

Appendix …………………………………………………14

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INTERNSHIP REPORT LIST OF FIGURES  (Fig # 1) Chimneys Drawing ……………………………………………

LIST OF FIGURES

(Fig # 1) Chimneys Drawing ……………………………………………

11

(Fig # 2) Lean concrete of chimney footing ……………………………

14

(Fig # 3) Steel mash fixing of chimney footing ………………………….14

(Fig # 4) Poring of concrete in chimney footing ………………………

15

(Fig # 5) Removal of formwork of chimney footing …………………….15

(Fig # 6) Formwork of Slip forming ……………………………………

16

(Fig # 7) Start working on Slip forming ………………………………….16

(Fig # 8) After some days working on Slip forming …………………… 17

(Fig # 9) Excavation and compaction of belt conveyor footing …………18

(Fig # 10) Steel mash fixing of belt conveyor footing and columns …… 18

(Fig # 11) Line of belt conveyor ……………………………………………19

(Fig # 12) Poring of concrete with concrete pump and vibrator ………

19

(Fig # 13) Tower crane and concrete pump in turbine generator desk …20

(Fig # 14) Incident on site during transportation of soil ………………….20

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INTERNSHIP REPORT

INTERNSHIP REPORT 1) INTRODUCTION 1.1) PROJECT DESCRIPTION The project is located at Bhawana, Jhang Road Chiniot,

1) INTRODUCTION

1.1) PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The project is located at Bhawana, Jhang Road Chiniot, Punjab Pakistan and is Co- generation plant, which is based on bagasse ensuring that all measures are in place to make the Project environmentally compliant. The vision is to Contribute the development and growth of Pakistan by being the largest innovative, high tech, environment friendly and socially responsible company producing value added products from indigenous available agricultural/industrial waste & by-products and renewable resources. During 120 days of crushing season, bagasse being a by-product of sugar mill process, will be the primary fuel for the project, during rest of the year the un-utilized bagasse will be utilized for power generation. plant offers a number of advantages apart from helping in bridging the gap between the demand and the supply in the power sector. The bagasse based cogeneration offers an environmentally friendly solution for additional power generation, helps in reducing the dependence on the fossil fuels, saves on the foreign currency outflow from the country and improves the financial position of the sugar factory. The proposed Cogeneration plant of CPL, will export a substantial quantum of power to the national grid. The project is being developed on fast track and is expected to be operational by mid - 2015.

1.2) INTRODUCTION OF ORGANIZATION

I have done my internship in Habib Rafiq Pvt. Ltd, at construction of Chiniot Power Plant Project. The idea was just start of the challenging task, brainstorming, and restless nights.

Power Plant Project. The idea was just start of the challenging task, brainstorming, and restless nights.

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Habib Rafiq (Pvt.) Limited has come a long way to symbolize commitment, distinction and

Habib Rafiq (Pvt.) Limited has come a long way to symbolize commitment, distinction and professional Excellence by meeting the stringent, demanding and extra ordinary work requirements of high engineering, national and international importance involving civil, electrical and mechanical works for the last 55 years. The ever increasing efforts towards attaining better and new business ventures have exposed the company to multitude of engineering disciplines. Now it is company's prerogative to be working in infrastructure, housing, design and environmental areas other than its strong standing in industrial projects for power, chemicals, petro chemicals, roads, Motorways, buildings and airports.

2) ACTIVITIES PARTICIPATED

During the internship period I worked under the site Engineer. Most of the Project activities were on peak during my entrance in the site. One of the unique and ever new activities I have never seen before was Slip forming construction. I observed different site activities which include the following.

Excavation

Soil Compaction with vibrators

Lean concrete

Horizontal steel mash fixing

Column steel fixing

Formwork

Horizontal concrete pouring

Column concrete pouring

Vibrating

Removal of Formwork

Back filling

Pumping

Slip Forming

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INTERNSHIP REPORT 3) ACTIVITIES OBSERVED My duty was specifically on chimney construction and belt conveyor during

3) ACTIVITIES OBSERVED

My duty was specifically on chimney construction and belt conveyor during my training period. I have to observe the different activities during the construction. The detail of these observation is given below as following.

Excavation Monitoring

Excavation was done for belt conveyor and chimney foundation construction.

I was there to observe and enhance excavation quantity considering the safety

precautions.

Compaction Monitoring

I ensured to achieve the desired compaction level by using sand-cone method

to determine the field density of soil.

Lean Concrete mix design

I checked that the work is being completed according to provided mix ratios

and especially to adjust the water with atmospheric conditions.

Steel Fixing and Formwork

I observed the steel fixing and formwork according to provided bar-bending

schedule and drawings.

Foundation and column Concrete poring

I have to check the concrete proportions according to the mix design provided

and then I observed the concrete poring done by concrete lifter. I also observed

the Compaction done during the concrete poring process.

Curing of concrete work.

Ordinary Sulphate resisting cement was used so that Curing was done by

polythene film to enhance speed of concrete poring and to remove formwork after

24 hours.

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INTERNSHIP REPORT  Slip Forming One of the most interesting part of my internship was to

Slip Forming One of the most interesting part of my internship was to observe the slip forming construction for chimney construction. Slip form construction is a construction method in which concrete is poured into a continuously moving form. Slip forming is used for tall structures (such as bridges, towers, tall chimneys, buildings, and dams), as well as horizontal structures, such as roadways.

4) CORRELATION OF THE ACTIVITIES WITH STANDARDS

DETERMINATION OF SOIL COMPACTION The Sand Cone Method, ASTM-D-4914 These test methods are used to determine the in-place density of compacted materials. These test methods cover the determination of the in-place density and unit weight of soil and rock using a pouring device and calibrated sand to determine the volume of a test pit. The word “rock'' in these test methods is used to imply that the material being tested will typically contain particles larger than 3 in. (75 mm). Determination of field density of cohesion less soil is not possible by core cutter method, because it is not possible to obtain a core sample. In such situation, the sand replacement method is employed to determine the unit weight. In sand replacement method, a small cylindrical pit is excavated and the weight of the soil excavated from the pit is measured. Sand whose density is known is filled into the pit. By measuring the weight of sand required to fill the pit and knowing its density the volume of pit is calculated. Knowing the weight of soil excavated from the pit and the volume of pit, the density of soil is calculated.

Slump Test , ASTM C143-:

The slump test is the most well-known and widely used test method to characterize the workability of fresh concrete. The inexpensive test, which measures consistency, is used on job sites to determine rapidly whether a concrete batch should be accepted or rejected. The test method is widely standardized throughout the world, including in

INTERNSHIP REPORT

INTERNSHIP REPORT ASTM C143 in the United States and EN 12350-2 in Europe. The apparatus consists

ASTM C143 in the United States and EN 12350-2 in Europe. The apparatus consists of a mold in the shape of a frustum of a cone with a base diameter of 8 inches, a top diameter of 4 inches, and a height of 12 inches. The mold is filled with concrete in three layers of equal volume. Each layer is compacted with 25 strokes of tamping rod. The slump cone mold is lifted vertically upward and the change in height of the concrete is measured. Four types of slumps are commonly encountered, as shown in Figure 3. The only type of Slump permissible under ASTM C143 is frequently referred to as the “true” slump, where the concrete remains intact and retains a symmetric shape. A zero slump and a collapsed slump are both outside the range of workability that can be measured with the slump test. Specifically, ASTM C143 advises caution in interpreting test results less than ½ inch and greater than 9 inches. If part of the concrete shears from the mass, the test must be repeated with a different sample of concrete. A concrete that exhibits a shear slump in a second test is not sufficiently cohesive and should be rejected.

FINENESS MODULUS (ASTM. C-117-05) :

It is the cumulative percentage retained on standard sieve 150um and above, divided by 100.It is a Single factor or an empirical number which we get from the results of sieve analysis. The value of FM will not change if we add sieves above.

SIEVE ANALYSIS:

It is the operation of dividing the aggregate into various fractions, each consisting of particles of same size. Or it is the operation of determination the particle size distribution of the given specimen.

NOTE:

5 mm is the dividing line between coarse and fine aggregate.

Well graded coarse aggregates of large size will reduce shrinkage of concrete by

50%.

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INTERNSHIP REPORT FUNCTIONS OF SIEVE ANALYSIS: Sieve Analysis is performed on coarse and fine aggregates In

FUNCTIONS OF SIEVE ANALYSIS:

Sieve Analysis is performed on coarse and fine aggregates In order to check their gradation. This gradation gives an indirect measure if the workability and average particle size.

MATERIALS USED IN CONSTRUCTION

SAND:

These are cohesion less aggregates of either, rounded sub rounded, angular, sub angular or flat fragments of more or less unaltered rock of minerals consisting of 90% of particles of size greater than 0.06 mm and less than 2 mm. Alternatively, these are coarse grained cohesion less particles of silica derived from the disintegration of rock.

CEMENT:

The cement often called the magic power is a fine ground material consisting of compound of lime, silica alumina and iron. When mixed with water it forms a paste which hardened and bind the aggregates called the Concrete. Cement is the binder that holds concrete and mortars together.

STEEL:

RCC stands for reinforced cement concrete. To enhance the load carrying capacity of the concrete it is reinforced with steel bars of different diameters provided in inappropriate manner. Such concrete is called reinforced concrete and the bars are called the reinforcement. These bars are provided at various locations to resist the internal forces, which are developed due to the loads acting on the structure.

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INTERNSHIP REPORT MACHINERY USED IN CONSTRUCTION EXCAVATOR: Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a

MACHINERY USED IN CONSTRUCTION

EXCAVATOR:

Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, stick, bucket and cab on a rotating platform (known as the "house"). The house sits atop an undercarriage with tracks or wheels. A cable-operated excavator uses winches and steel ropes to accomplish the movements. They are a natural progression from the steam shovels and often called power shovels. All movement and functions of a hydraulic excavator are accomplished through the use of hydraulic fluid, with hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic motors.

CONCRETE MIXER:

A concrete mixer (also commonly called a cement mixer) is a device that homogeneously combines cement, aggregate such as sand or gravel, and water to form concrete. A typical concrete mixer uses a revolving drum to mix the components. For smaller volume works portable concrete mixers are often used so that the concrete can be made at the construction site, giving the workers ample time to use the concrete before it hardens. An alternative to a machine is mixing concrete by hand.

DUMPER TRUCK:

It is a vehicle used for carrying bulk material, often on building site. A dump truck (or, UK, dumper truck) is a truck used for transporting loose material (such as sand, gravel, or dirt) for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with an open-box bed, which is hinged at the rear and equipped with hydraulic pistons to lift the front, allowing the material in the bed to be deposited ("dumped") on the ground behind the truck at the site of delivery. It was used in the project to carry and transport fine and course aggregates to the construction site.

Concrete Vibrator

Tower Crain

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INTERNSHIP REPORT 5) STUDY OF DRAWING , DESIGN Figure 1: Drawing of the chimney 11 |

5) STUDY OF DRAWING , DESIGN

INTERNSHIP REPORT 5) STUDY OF DRAWING , DESIGN Figure 1: Drawing of the chimney 11 |

Figure 1: Drawing of the chimney

INTERNSHIP REPORT

INTERNSHIP REPORT 6) DIFFICULTIES FACED In this project I obtained knowledge about the basic & advanced

6) DIFFICULTIES FACED

In this project I obtained knowledge about the basic & advanced techniques of project construction as well as observed the challenges and difficulties which a civil engineer has to face during construction. A few have been listed below

Punctuality

Environmental challenges.

Difficulties in testing of materials.

Labor problems.

Material transportation

7) SUMMARY AND KNOWLEDGE GAINED

This internship report contain about my work experience with HRL Pvt. Limited. It was very interesting and knowledge gaining internship to me. I observed a lot of execution of my theoretical knowledge in the field which I learnt from books. I learnt the following skills

The execution of different field activities on their specific schedule.

Project manager have to look after not only the major deadlines, but also make decision on all matters.

The project manager is actually the coordinator of each project and is responsible to make the project’s progress smooth and on track.

The control of project staff and to check different fields coordination like mechanical and electrical working together on specific activities.

To check the coordination between different fields is appropriate.

INTERNSHIP REPORT

INTERNSHIP REPORT  In order to get good progress the quality control on project needs a

In order to get good progress the quality control on project needs a very good coordination and large quantities of man power, equipment and funds.

The concrete should be properly prepared by mixing of sand, cement and water according to the standards of civil engineering.

The construction company should focus on developing the skills of labor to increase the work speed and efficiency.

8) CONCLUSION

Internship is a good way to execute knowledge in field.

To understand how different things in field relate with your knowledge so it must be a part of degree program and internship period must be increased.

We get knowledge about the basic & advanced techniques construction as well as observed the challenges which a civil engineer has to face during i.e. labor problems, cost management, environmental challenges etc. We cleared our many doubts regarding building construction.

Internship training is a golden opportunity to learn that how engineering knowledge obtained during study in classrooms is applied to the practical civil engineering projects/works.

Internship training through working with civil engineering professionals opens up job avenues for civil engineers for various institutions.

The internees must take full benefit of internship training program by remaining thoroughly involved in all aspects of training like technical work, data collection/analysis and technical documents preparation processes.

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INTERNSHIP REPORT 9) APPENDIX Figure 2: Lean of chimney footing Figure 3: Steel mash fixing of

9) APPENDIX

INTERNSHIP REPORT 9) APPENDIX Figure 2: Lean of chimney footing Figure 3: Steel mash fixing of
Figure 2: Lean of chimney footing
Figure 2: Lean of chimney footing

Figure 3: Steel mash fixing of chimney footing

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 4: Poring of chimney footing Figure 5: Removal of formwork of chimey footing
INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 4: Poring of chimney footing Figure 5: Removal of formwork of chimey footing

Figure 4: Poring of chimney footing

INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 4: Poring of chimney footing Figure 5: Removal of formwork of chimey footing

Figure 5: Removal of formwork of chimey footing

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 6: Formwork of slip forming Figure 7: Start work on slip forming 16
INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 6: Formwork of slip forming Figure 7: Start work on slip forming 16

Figure 6: Formwork of slip forming

INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 6: Formwork of slip forming Figure 7: Start work on slip forming 16

Figure 7: Start work on slip forming

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 8: After some days working on slip forming 17 | P a g
INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 8: After some days working on slip forming 17 | P a g

Figure 8: After some days working on slip forming

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 9: Excavation and compaction of belt conveyor footing Figure 10: Steel mash fixing
INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 9: Excavation and compaction of belt conveyor footing Figure 10: Steel mash fixing

Figure 9: Excavation and compaction of belt conveyor footing

Figure 9: Excavation and compaction of belt conveyor footing Figure 10: Steel mash fixing of belt

Figure 10: Steel mash fixing of belt conveyor footing and column

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 11: Line of belt conveyor Figure 12: Poring of concrete with concrete pump
INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 11: Line of belt conveyor Figure 12: Poring of concrete with concrete pump

Figure 11: Line of belt conveyor

INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 11: Line of belt conveyor Figure 12: Poring of concrete with concrete pump

Figure 12: Poring of concrete with concrete pump and vibrator in TG desk

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INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 13: Tower crane and concrete pump in turbine generator desk Figure 14: Incident
INTERNSHIP REPORT Figure 13: Tower crane and concrete pump in turbine generator desk Figure 14: Incident

Figure 13: Tower crane and concrete pump in turbine generator desk

13: Tower crane and concrete pump in turbine generator desk Figure 14: Incident on site during

Figure 14: Incident on site during transportation of soil