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dSalj

Cancer

Cancer is caused by abnormal cells that dSalj mu vlkekU; dksf'kdkvksa ds dkj.k gksrk gS tks
grow quickly. It is normal for your body to rst+h ls c<+rh gSaA vkids 'kjhj ds fy, ;g lkekU; ckr
replace old cells with new ones, but cancer gS fd og iqjkuh dksf'kdkvksa dks ubZ dksf'kdk;ksa ls cnys]
cells grow too fast. ij dSalj dh dksf'kdk,¡ cgqr vf/kd rst+h ls c<+rh gSaA
Some cancer cells may form growths called dqN dSalj dksf'kdk,¡ o`f);k¡ mRiUu dj ldrh gSa ftUgsa
tumors. All tumors increase in size, but some vcqZn ¼V~;wej½ dgk tkrk gSA lHkh vcqZn vkdkj esa c<+rs
tumors grow quickly, others slowly. gSa ij dqN vcqZn rst+h ls c<+rs gSa] tc fd vU; /kheh
xfr ls c<+rs gSaA

Types of Tumors vcqZnksa ds çdkj


• Sometimes tumors are not cancerous. • dbZ ckj vcqZn dSaljdkjh ugha gksrs gSa bUgsa vgkfudj
These are called benign tumors. They
vcqZn dgk tkrk gS os dkQh gn rd LoLFk Årdksa
are made up of cells much like those of
healthy tissue. This kind of tumor stays in
dh dksf'kdkvksa tSlh dksf'kdkvksa ls cus gksrs gSaA bl
one area and does not spread to healthy çdkj dk vcqZn ,d gh txg fLFkj jgrk gS vkSj og
tissues and organs. LoLFk Årdksa vkSj vaxksa esa ugha QSyrkA
• Cancer tumors are also called malignant • dSalj ds vcqZnksa dks gkfudkjd ¼esfyXuaV½ V~;wej Hkh
tumors. Cancer from these tumors dgk tkrk gSA bu vcqZnksa ls dSalj jDr vkSj ylhdk
spread through the blood and lymph ¼fyEQ½ ç.kkfy;ksa ds ek/;e ls 'kjhj ds vU; vaxksa esa
systems to other parts of the body. QSy tkrk gSA
When cancer spreads, it is called tc dSalj QSyrk gS] rks bls jksx O;kfIr ¼esVkLVkfll½
metastasis. Cancer cells travel through the dgk tkrk gSA dSalj dh dksf'kdk,¡ Vîwej ls] ftls
blood or lymph system from the tumor, called çkFkfed txg dgk tkrk gS] jä ;k ylhdk ç.kkyh ds
the primary site, to other parts of the body. tfj;s 'kjhj ds vU; Hkkxksa esa QSy tkrh gSaA

Cancer. Hindi.
2 healthinfotranslations.org

Types of Cancer dSalj ds çdkj


There are many kinds of cancers. dSalj ds dbZ çdkj gSaA
• Carcinoma is the most common type of • dkflZuksek dSalj dk lcls vke çdkj gSA QsQM+s]
cancer. Lung, colon, breast and ovarian vkar] Lru vkSj fMac xzafFk;ksa ds dSalj vkerkSj ij
cancers are often this type of cancer. bl çdkj ds dSalj gksrs gSaA
• Sarcoma is found in bone, cartilage, fat • lkjdksek vfLFk] mikfLFk] olk vkSj ekalis'kh esa ik;k
and muscle.
tkrk gSA
• Lymphoma begins in the lymph nodes
• fyEQksek 'kjhj dh çfrj{kk ç.kkyh ds fyEQ uksMksa esa
of the body’s immune system. They
include Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s vkjEHk gksrk gSA buesa gkWtfdUl vkSj xSj&gkWtfdUl
Lymphomas. fyEQksek lfEefyr gksrs gSaA
• Leukemia starts in the blood cells that • Y;wdsfe;k mu jDr dksf'kdkvksa esa vkjEHk gksrk gS
grow in the bone marrow and are found ftudk vfLFk eTtk esa fodkl gksrk gS vkSj tks
in large numbers in the bloodstream. jDrçokg esa cM+h la[;k esa ikbZ tkrh gSaA

Signs of Cancer dSalj ds y{k.k


Signs of cancer depend on the type and dSalj ds y{k.k vcqZn ds çdkj vkSj LFkku ij fuHkZj gksrs
location of the tumor. With some cancers, gSaA gks ldrk gS fd dqN dSaljksa esa rc rd dksbZ y{k.k
there may not be any signs until the tumor is u gksa] tc rd fd V~;wej cM+k u gks tk,A vke y{k.kksa
large. Common signs include: esa fuEufyf[kr y{k.k lfEefyr gSa%
• Feeling very tired • vR;f/kd Fkdku vuqHko djuk
• Weight loss that occurs without knowing
• vKkr dkj.k ls ot+u esa deh gksuk
why
• Fever, chills or night sweats • cq[kkj] d¡id¡ih ;k jkr es ilhuk vkuk
• Lack of hunger • Hkw[k esa deh
• Physical discomfort or pain • 'kkjhfjd d"V ;k nnZ
• Coughing, shortness of breath or chest
• [kkalh] lk¡l Qwyuk ;k lhus esa nnZ
pain
• Diarrhea, constipation or blood in the • gSt+k] dCt+ ;k ey esa jDr
stool
When cancer is found, tests will be done to tc fdlh dSalj dk irk yxsxk] rc bl ckr dh tk¡p
see if the cancer has spread to other parts djus ds fy, ijh{k.k fd, tk,a¡xs fd D;k dSalj 'kjhj ds
of your body. Scans, x-rays and blood tests vU; vaxksa esa QSy x;k gSA LdSuksa] ,Dl&js vkSj jDr ds
may be needed. ijh{k.kksa dh vko';drk gks ldrh gSA

Cancer. Hindi.
healthinfotranslations.org 3

Your Care vkidh ns[kHkky


Your doctor will decide what care is needed vkidk fpfdRld fuEufyf[kr ds vk/kkj ij bl ckr
based on: dk fu.kZ; djsxk fd vkidks fdl çdkj ds ns[kHkky dh
• The type of cancer vko';drk gS%
• How fast the cancer is growing • dSalj dk çdkj
• Whether the cancer has spread to other • dSalj fdruh rst+h ls c<+ jgk gS
parts of your body • D;k dSalj 'kjhj ds vU; vaxksa esa QSy x;k gS
• Your age and overall health • vkidh vk;q vkSj lexzrk esa vkidk LokLF;
The most common cancer treatments are: dSalj ds lcls vke mipkj fuEufyf[kr gSa%
• Surgery to remove the tumor and nearby • V~;wej vkSj blds ikl ds Ård dks gVkus ds fy,
tissue 'kY;fpfdRlk ¼ltZjh½
• Radiation in controlled amounts to shrink • V~;e w j vkSj dSl
a j dh dksf'kdkvksa dks fldksMu+ s ;k u"V
or destroy the tumor and cancer cells djus ds fy, fu;af=r ek=kvksa esa fofdj.k ¼jsfM,'ku½
• Chemotherapy medicine to slow the • dSalj dh dksf'kdkvksa dh o`f) dks /khek djus ;k
growth or destroy cancer cells u"V djus ds fy, jlk;ufpfdRlk ¼dheksFksjsih½ nok
• Other medicines to treat side effects and • nq"çHkkoksa dk mipkj djus vkSj vkidks csgrj :i ls
help you heal better LokLF;ykHk çkIr djus esa lgk;rk ds fy, vU; nok,¡

Cancer. Hindi.
4 healthinfotranslations.org

Prevention jksd&Fkke
You can reduce your risk of cancer by: fuEufyf[kr }kjk vki dSalj dk viuk tksf[ke de dj
ldrs gSa%
• Not smoking or using tobacco.
• /kweziku u djuk ;k rEckdw dk mi;ksx u djukA
• Using sunscreen, hats and clothing to
protect your skin when outside. • ckgj tkrs le; viuh Ropk dh j{kk djus ds fy,
luLØhu] Vksih vkSj diM+ksa dk mi;ksx djukA
• Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink.
• vydksgy dh de ek=k dk lsou djukA
• Limiting the amount of high fat foods you
eat, especially from animal sources. • vf/kd olk okys Hkkstu] fo'ks"k :i ls i'kqvksa ds ekal
dk de lsou djukA
• Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables and
high fiber foods. • Qy] lfCt;k¡ vkSj vf/kd js'ks okys vkgkj dk vf/kd
ek=k esa lsou djukA
• Being physically active.
• 'kkjhfjd :i ls lfØ; jgukA
• Seeing your doctor each year. Cancer
• vius fpfdRld ls çfro"kZ feyukA dSalj dh tk¡p
screenings may help find cancers at their
ls mldk vkjfEHkd vkSj lcls vf/kd mipkj ;ksX;
early, most treatable stages.
voLFkk esas irk yx ldrk gSA

Talk to your doctor or nurse about your dSalj gksus ds vius tksf[keksa ds ckjs esa vius fpfdRld
cancer risks. ;k ulZ ls ckr djsaA

© 2005 - October 20, 2016, Health Information Translations.


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Cancer. Hindi.