Sei sulla pagina 1di 7

Wind Load Analysis

MWFRS

Procedure in Determining Wind Loads for enclosed, partially enclosed and open

buildings of all heights under Table 207B.2-1 of National Structural Code of the

Philippines (NSCP) 2015:

1. Determine the risk category of building or other structure.

 The risk category falls under Category IV, Standard Occupancy based from

Table 103-1, p.1-6 of NSCP 2015.

2. Determine the basic wind speed, V, for the applicable risk category.

 The basic wind speed in Batangas is 240 kph for risk category IV based from

Figure 207A.5-1.

3. Determine the wind load parameters:

Wind directionality factor, Kd

 The wind directionality factor, Kd, is 0.85 based from Table 207A.6-1, p.2-42.

Exposure Category

 The exposure category and surface roughness category falls under Exposure B

based from Section 207A.7.2-207A.7.3, p.2-42 0f NSCP 2015.

Topographic Factor, Kzt

 The Topographic Factor, Kzt = 1.00, based from Section 207A.8 of NSCP 2015.

Gust Effect Factor, G

 The Gust Effect Factor, G = 0.85, based from Section 207A.8 of NSCP 2015.

Enclosure Classification
 The enclosure classification of the building falls under Open Buildings based

from Section 207A.10 of NSCP 2015.

Internal Pressure Coefficient (GCpi)

 The internal pressure coefficient of open buildings based from Section 207A.11

and Table 207A.11-1 of NSCP 2015 is 0.

4. Determine the velocity pressure exposure coefficient, Kh.

 The velocity pressure coefficient, Kh, of Exposure B at 3 m high is 0.57 based

from Table 207B.3-1.

5. Determine velocity pressure, qh, at mean roof height, h.

 Calculating the velocity pressure, qh, using Eq. 207E.3-1:

qh = 0.613KzKztKdV2 (V in m/s)

qh = 0.613(0.57)(1.00)(0.85)(66.67)2

qh = 1528.413333 N/m2

6. Determine external pressure coefficient (Cn).

 The external pressure coefficient, Cn, is determined from figure 207B.4-5 for open

buildings.

Using Interpolation:

Roof Angle CNW CNL


30° 1.3 0.3
33.69° 1.3 0.4476
37.5° 1.3 0.6

Windward: CNW = 1.3

Leeward: CNL = 0.4476


7. Calculate wind pressure, p.

 The wind pressure, p, is calculated based from Eq. 207B.4-3 for open buildings of

NSCP 2015.

At Leeward:

p = qh(GCn)

= 1528.413333 N/m2 (0.85) (0.4476)

p = 581.500 N/m2

At Windward:

p = qh(GCn)

= 1528.413333 N/m2 (0.85) (1.3)

p = 1688.8967 N/m2
Wind Load Analysis

Components and Cladding

Procedure in Determining Wind Loads for open buildings under Table 207E.8-1 of

National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP) 2015:

1. Determine the risk category of building or other structure.

 The risk category falls under Category IV, Standard Occupancy based from

Table 103-1, p.1-6 of NSCP 2015.

2. Determine the basic wind speed, V, for the applicable risk category.

 The basic wind speed in Batangas is 240 kph for risk category IV based from

Figure 207A.5-1.

3. Determine the wind load parameters:

Wind directionality factor, Kd

 The wind directionality factor, Kd, is 0.85 based from Table 207A.6-1, p.2-42.

Exposure Category

 The exposure category and surface roughness category falls under Exposure B

based from Section 207A.7.2-207A.7.3, p.2-42 0f NSCP 2015.

Topographic Factor, Kzt

 The Topographic Factor, Kzt = 1.00, based from Section 207A.8 of NSCP 2015.

Gust Effect Factor, G

 The Gust Effect Factor, G = 0.85, based from Section 207A.9 of NSCP 2015.
4. Determine the velocity pressure exposure coefficient, Kh.

 The velocity pressure coefficient, Kh, of Exposure B at 3 m high is 0.70 based

from Table 207E.3-1.

5. Determine velocity pressure, qh, at mean roof height, h.

 Calculating the velocity pressure, qh, using Eq. 207E.3-1:

qh = 0.613KzKztKdV2 (V in m/s)

qh = 0.613(0.70)(1.00)(0.85)(66.67)2

qh = 1621.044445 N/m2

6. Determine net pressure coefficient (Cn).

 The external pressure coefficient, Cn, is determined from figure 207E.8-2 for open

buildings.

Figure 207E.8-2
Using Interpolation:

Pressure acting towards the top roof surface.

Roof Angle Zone 3 Zone 2 Zone 1


30° 2.6 2 1.3
33.69° 2.5016 1.9262 1.2508
45° 2.2 1.7 1.1

Pressure acting away from the top roof surface.

Roof Angle Zone 3 Zone 2 Zone 1


30° -1.8 -1.4 -0.9
33.69° -1.7508 -1.3508 -0.8754
45° -1.6 -1.2 -0.8

7. Calculate wind pressure, p.

 The wind pressure, p, is calculated based from Eq. 207E.8-1 for open buildings of

NSCP 2015.

Pressure acting towards the top roof surface.

Zone 3

p = qh(GCn)

= 1621.044445 N/m2 (0.85) (2.5016)

p = 3446.924065 N/m2 - GOVERNS

Zone 2

p = qh(GCn)

= 1621.044445 N/m2 (0.85) (1.9262)

p = 2654.087438 N/m2
Zone 1

p = qh(GCn)

= 1621.044445 N/m2 (0.85) (1.2508)

p = 1723.462033 N/m2

Pressure acting away from the top roof surface.

Zone 3

p = qh(GCn)

= 1621.044445 N/m2 (0.85) (-1.7508)

p = -2412.405922 N/m2 - GOVERNS

Zone 2

p = qh(GCn)

= 1621.044445 N/m2 (0.85) (-1.3508)

p = -1861.250811 N/m2

Zone 1

p = qh(GCn)

= 1621.044445 N/m2 (0.85) (-0.8754)

p = -1206.202961 N/m2