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Online Treasure Hunt

Group 3 9-Soriano

The Carbon Compounds

Questions and Answers


1. What are organic Compounds?
Organic compound, any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more
atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen,
oxygen, or nitrogen. The few carbon-containing compounds not classified as organic include
carbides, carbonates, and cyanides.

2. Give examples of organic compounds.


➢ Foods [starch, sugar, fats, vitamins, proteins]
Fuels [wood, coal, alcohol, petrol]
➢ Household and commercial articles [paper, soap, cosmetics,
oils, paints]
➢ Perfumes [vanillin, camphor]
➢ Explosives [nitroglycerine, dynamite, picric acid, TNT]
➢ Dyes [indigo, red, malachite green]

3. What are the important uses of organic


compounds?
In human society, organic molecules are used in a variety of industries
including foods, pharmaceuticals, fuels, and construction to name a few. Alkanes
include chemicals like propane, octane, and methane. These are used extensively
as fuels for things like automobile gasoline and home heating/cooking fuel.
Alcohols include chemicals like ethanol and isopropanol. These are used as
antiseptics and ethanol is a staple of the beverage industry (beer/wine). Finally,
carboxylic acids include a wide variety of chemicals including pharmaceuticals.
Aspirin, one of the oldest commercial drugs, contains a carboxylic acid.

4. What are hydrocarbons?


A hydrocarbon is an organic compound made of nothing more than
carbons and hydrogens. It is possible for double or triple bonds to form between
carbon atoms and even for structures, such as rings, to form.

5. How carbon atoms able to form many organic


compounds?
The carbon has 4 valence electrons thus it can form covalent bonds with
atoms of other elements and carbon atoms. A carbon atom can make many types
of arrangements such as single s possible for double or triple bonds to form
between carbon atoms and even for structures, such as rings, to form.

6. Differentiate alkane, alkene and alkynes.


Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons; meaning a single bond between the
carbon atoms; alkenes are unsaturated hydrocarbons meaning one or more
double bonds between carbon atoms; alkynes are also unsaturated
hydrocarbons with one or more triple bonds between the carbon atoms.
7. What are hydroxyl group?
The hydroxyl group is a functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom
covalently bonded to an oxygen atom. The hydroxyl group is denoted by -OH in
chemical structures and has a valence charge of -1.
8. What are carbonyl group?
The carboxyl group is an organic functional consisting of a carbon atom
double bonded to an oxygen atom and single bonded to a hydroxyl group.
Big Question
Find three household products that has a carbon compound. Paste a picture on a short
bond paper and research about the uses of these products.

Baby Oil Alcoholic


Uses: Beverages

Uses:
To remove ear wax
As a drink
Body oil
As a sterilizer
Removing makeup
As an antiseptic
Moisturize your feet
As a cooking
ingredient
As an insect
repellant
As a cleaning
agent

Isopropyl Alcohol
Uses:
Disinfectant
Clean Electronics
Remove Stains from Microfiber
Eliminate Fruit Flies
Deodorize Smelly Shoes