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Grammar

Notes

Simple Present Tense

It is important to know your tenses well.


Tenses are usually indicated in the verb form.
Tenses show the time an action, situation or event occurs.
The simple present tense is used;

i. to express a habitual action.


Eg. I walk to school everyday.

ii. to express a general truth.


Eg. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

iii. to show a future event.


Eg. Nana leaves for Alor Setar on Tuesday.

iv. to show a likely event.


Eg. If it rains, they will get wet.

v. to introduce quotations.
Eg. Suzie says,” Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder.”

Use the simple present tense when writing about habitual actions.
Examples of habitual actions are things that you do everyday.

For example:

1. I go to school everyday.

2. I brush my teeth before going to bed every night.

3. Every Saturday I play badminton with my friends.

4. Once a month, I go shopping with my mother.

Tips

A guide to the Simple Present Tense

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Subject-Verb Agreement

To make grammatically correct sentences, the verb must agree with the
subject of the sentence.

When the subject is singular, the verb is also singular.

Example:
My mother is watching television upstairs.
Alissa has two sisters.
Ali likes playing badminton.

When the subject is plural, the verb is also plural.

Example:
Both Mary and Mei Lin speak English fluently.
Shanie and Laila love watching romantic movies.

(Note: Singular verbs have ‘s’es at the end of the word, e.g. eats, walks, talks.)

The Simple Future Tense

The simple future tense shows an action that will take place some time in the
future.

Examples:

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I shall go to Pulau Langkawi this Sunday to visit my aunt.

We shall wait for you at MidValley Mega Mall at 3.00 p.m. this Tuesday.

Aunty Esah will show us how to bake coconut tarts next week.

He will attend softball practice as soon as the rain stops.

Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense is used to show the following;

 An action that has just happened or happened recently.

 An action that began in the past but is still continuing.

 An action that happened at an unspecified time in the past.

Examples of the present perfect tense;

 Mary has just arrived from school.

 Lina has lived in Ipoh since 1997.

 Elina has been to New Zealand.

NOTES

Grammar : (i) The Simple Present Tense (ii) The Simple Past Tense

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Grammar : (i) The Simple Present Tense (ii) The Simple Past Tense

Lembaran Kerja

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Grammar : (i) The Simple Future Tense (ii) Future Continuous Tense (iii)
Pronouns

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Notes

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Grammar : (i) The Simple Future Tense (ii) Future Continuous Tense (iii)
Pronouns

WORKSHEET

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Grammar

Exercise One

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Look at the picture carefully. Based on the picture and the passage given,
fill in the blanks. You must write only ONE word for ONE blank.

Lihat gambar dengan teliti. Berdasarkan gambar dan petikan yang diberi, isikan
tempat kosong. Kamu hendaklah menulis hanya SATU perkataan bagi tiap-tiap
SATU tempat kosong.

Encik Ahmad’s family heard that their neighbour, Mr. Rama was in
hospital. He had broken (1) __________ right leg when he fell off the rambutan
tree. Encik Ahmad visited him with his wife and his (2) __________ . They
brought some (3) __________ and fruits for him. There were some magazines
on the table (4) __________ to Mr. Rama’s bed. He was very happy to (5)
__________ Encik Ahmad and his family. They hoped that Mr. Rama would get
well soon.

Exercise Two

Look at the picture carefully. Based on the picture and the passage given,

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fill in the blanks. You must write only ONE word for ONE blank.
Lihat gambar dengan teliti. Berdasarkan gambar dan petikan yang diberi, isikan
tempat kosong. Kamu hendaklah menulis hanya SATU perkataan bagi tiap-tiap
SATU tempat kosong.

Last night, Encik Karim took his son to the night market. There were
many (1) __________ selling and buying things there. Pak Abu stopped at one
of the (2) __________ which was selling fruits. He (3) __________ a kilo of
rambutans and a kilo of guavas. His son wanted to buy a (4) __________ of
shoes. Encik Karim bargained the price with the seller. Finally, he offered Encik
Karim a reasonable price for the shoes. His son (5) __________ him. They
went home happily.

Exercise Three

Look at the picture carefully. Based on the picture and the passage given,
fill in the blanks. You must write only ONE word for ONE blank.

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Lihat gambar dengan teliti. Berdasarkan gambar dan petikan yang diberi, isikan
tempat kosong. Kamu hendaklah menulis hanya SATU perkataan bagi tiap-tiap
SATU tempat kosong.

Izzudin is an active boy. He loves to (1) __________ outdoor and indoor


games. He keeps all (2) __________ things in order. He (3) __________ his
badminton racquet on the wall beside his bed. His board game is placed neatly
(4) ___________ his study table. All his video tapes (5) __________ arranged
nicely on a rack.

Exercise Four

Look at the picture carefully. Based on the picture and the passage given,
fill in the blanks. You must write only ONE word for ONE blank.

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Lihat gambar dengan teliti. Berdasarkan gambar dan petikan yang diberi, isikan
tempat kosong. Kamu hendaklah menulis hanya SATU perkataan bagi tiap-tiap
SATU tempat kosong.

Encik Zulkifli is a headmaster. He works in one of the primary schools in


Ipoh. He (1) __________ early to school. He shows a good example to his
teachers (2) __________ pupils. Encik Zulkifli is strict (3) __________ friendly.
All the pupils (4) __________ him very much. He makes sure that the teachers
and pupils (5) __________ the school’s rules and regulations.

Exercise Five

Look at the picture carefully. Based on the picture and the passage given,

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fill in the blanks. You must write only ONE word for ONE blank.

Lihat gambar dengan teliti. Berdasarkan gambar dan petikan yang diberi, isikan
tempat kosong. Kamu hendaklah menulis hanya SATU perkataan bagi tiap-tiap
SATU tempat kosong.

The district education officer will (1) __________ visiting Taman Panchur
Jaya School next week. The teachers and pupils (2) __________ busy cleaning
and decorating (3) __________ school. They want the school (4) __________
look clean and beautiful. The male teachers are (5) __________ the trees along
the road. Everybody is doing their part because they love their school.

Exercise Six

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Look at the picture carefully. Based on the picture and the passage given,
fill in the blanks. You must write only ONE word for ONE blank.

Lihat gambar dengan teliti. Berdasarkan gambar dan petikan yang diberi, isikan
tempat kosong. Kamu hendaklah menulis hanya SATU perkataan bagi tiap-tiap
SATU tempat kosong.

Azmir and Farhan are going on a school camping trip. They (1)
__________ busy packing and arranging their things. Azmir (2) __________ his
own clothes and put them in his bag. Farhan is (3) __________ his scout uniform.
They are (4) __________ sure that all the things needed are ready. (5)
__________ mother advises them to take good care of themselves.

Vocabulary

Notes

Solve these riddles about objects.

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Make sure you solve them first before looking at the answer.

Have fun!

1. I am small and cute. I am usually in the shape of a rectangle.


You use me to correct your mistake.
__________________________________________
2. You watch me everyday, from morning till midnight.
I produce sounds and pictures with colours.
I’m rectangular in shape.
__________________________________________
3. I am made of steel. I am very useful to the mechanic.
My job is to tighten the nuts and screws.
__________________________________________
4. When you ride a motorbike, remember to put me on your head.
Don’t forget to fasten me too. I protect your head from injuries.
__________________________________________
5. I can direct you out of the jungle if you are lost.
I am round and small.
Soldiers never forget to carry me along with them.
__________________________________________
6. I sweep your rubbish away.
I help you to make the house look clean.
By holding my handle, I follow you wherever you go.
__________________________________________

Notes Expansion

Exercise One

The pictures below describe what Ani and her brother did during the school
holidays. Use ALL the words given to make good sentences about the pictures.
Write your answer in the space provided.
Gambar-gambar di bawah menceritakan aktiviti yang dilakukan oleh Ani dan

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adiknya semasa cuti sekolah. Gunakan SEMUA perkataan yang diberi untuk
membuat ayat-ayat bagi gambar-gambar berikut. Tuliskan jawapan kamu di
ruang yang disediakan.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Exercise Two

The pictures below describe an incident that happened to Kumar. Use ALL the
words given to make good sentences about the pictures. Write your answer in the
space provided.

Gambar-gambar di bawah menceritakan satu persitiwa yang terjadi kepada

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Kumar. Gunakan SEMUA perkataan yang diberi untuk membuat ayat-ayat bagi
gambar-gambar berikut. Tuliskan jawapan kamu di ruang yang disediakan.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Exercise Three

The pictures below show what Mei Hua received on her birthday. Use ALL the
words given to make good sentences about the pictures. Write your answer in the
space provided.

Gambar-gambar di bawah menceritakan hadiah-hadiah yang Mei Hua terima

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pada hari jadinya. Gunakan SEMUA perkataan yang diberi untuk membuat ayat-
ayat bagi gambar-gambar berikut. Tuliskan jawapan kamu di ruang yang
disediakan.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Exercise Four

The pictures below describe an incident. Use ALL the words given to make good
sentences about the pictures. Write your answer in the space provided.

Gambar-gambar di bawah menceritakan satu peristiwa. Gunakan SEMUA


perkataan yang diberi untuk membuat ayat-ayat bagi gambar-gambar berikut.

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Tuliskan jawapan kamu di ruang yang disediakan.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Exercise Five

The pictures below show an incident that happened to Ahmad. Use ALL the
words given to make good sentences about the pictures. Write your answer in the
space provided.

Gambar-gambar di bawah menunjukkan suatu persitiwa yang terjadi kepada

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Ahmad. Gunakan SEMUA perkataan yang diberi untuk membuat ayat-ayat bagi
gambar-gambar berikut. Tuliskan jawapan kamu di ruang yang disediakan.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Exercise Six

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The pictures below show an incident that happened to Amy. Use ALL the words
given to make good sentences about the pictures. Write your answer in the space
provided.

Gambar-gambar di bawah menunjukkan suatu persitiwa yang terjadi kepada


Amy. Gunakan SEMUA perkataan yang diberi untuk membuat ayat-ayat bagi
gambar-gambar berikut. Tuliskan jawapan kamu di ruang yang disediakan.

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Exercise Seven

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

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