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(MCQs)

1. The principle of mathematical induction is also used to prove preposition or statements involving ______
integers.
A. Negative
B. Non negative
C. Positive odd
D. None
2. In factorial form 𝑛(𝑛 − 1)is equal to _______.
A. n!
B. (n-1)!
C. n(n-1)!
𝑛(𝑛−1)(𝑛−2)!
D. (𝑛−2)!
3. Pascal’s Triangle is helpful for finding the binomial ________.
A. terms
B. powers
C. co-efficient
D. none
4. If A and B are matrices, then which from the following is true ?

A. A+B≠B+A
B. (At)t ≠ A
C. AB ≠ BA
D. all are true

5. The matrix

is a?
A. symmetric
B. skew-symmetric
C. Hermitian
D. Skew Hermitian

6.
A. 90
B. 105
C. 120
D. 135
7. What are the values of x and y in the following pair of Equations?

A. x = −2, y = −6
B. x = 2, y = 6
C. x = −3, y = −6
D. x = 3, y = 6
8. If a < 0, then function ƒ(x) = a x² + bx + c has

A. maximum value,
B. minimum value
C. constant value
D. positive value

9. If a > 0, then function ƒ(x) = a x² + bx + c has

A. maximum value
B. minimum value,
C. constant value
D. positive value

10.

11.

12.
A
13.
A

14.

15.

16.

17.

B
18. Solution Set of 4𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 = 25 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑦 2 − 2𝑥 = 25 is
5
A. {(2, 3), (2, -3), (− 2, 0)}
B. {(2, 3), (-2, 3), (2, 0)}
5
C. {(2, 3), (2, -3), ( 2, 0)} none of these
5
D. {(-2, 3), (2, -3), (− 2, 0)}
19. If A be the matrix and k be the scalar quantity then (𝑘𝐴)𝑡 ) = ?
A. 𝑘 𝑡 𝐴𝑡
B. 𝐴𝑡 𝑘 𝑡
C. 𝑘𝐴𝑡
D. 𝐴𝑡
20. How many different arrangements can be made by using all the letters of the word?

IBA? (Assume that IBA is a word).

A. 6
B. 336
C. 6720
D. 40320

1 2 3
21. |4 5 6| =?
1 2 3

A. 15
B. -1
C. 0 https://matrix.reshish.com/determinant.php
D. 1

22. How many different arrangements can be made by using all the letters of

“FRIENDS” except vowels.

A. 42
B. 84
C. 120
D. 840
23.
A.
B.
C. C
D.
24. Value of x,y and z are
A. (1,1,0)
B. (1, −1, −1)
C. (6,5,0)
D. (−1,1,0)

25. A bag contains 30 balls, some of which are red and the remaining are blue. The probability of
drawing red is 1/6, then the number of blue balls are
A. 16
B. 20
C. 24
D. 25
26. For any quadratic equation ax2  bx  c  0 , where a, b, and c are real numbers and a  0 , If b2  4ac  0 , then
the equation has
A. Two real roots
B. Two real and unequal roots
C. Two complex numbers (not real roots)
D. One real root

27. In the weather forecast at any tv channel


What does a probability of 30% that it will be raining tomorrow mean?
A. 30% of 12 hours is about 3½ hours, so we will have 3½ hours of rain tomorrow.
B. 30% is less than ½, so we will have rain tomorrow for less than half the day.
C. 30% is less than 50% so more likely than not we will have a dry day tomorrow.
D. You cannot tell because the weather forecast is often wrong.

28. Two regular six-sided dice are rolled. What is the probability that the sum is at most four?
1
A.
9
1
B. https://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=1&pl=4&opdice=1&rolist=+&dby=&ndby=&montect=+
6
5
C.
6
4
D.
9
29. Find the value of C for the following

x2  14 x  C  ( x  7)2

A. 49
B. -49
C. 7
D. -7
30. What is the probability of drawing a red face card from a standard deck of playing cards?

A.

B. = There are 6 red face cards in total cards of 52.

C.

D.
31. 5% of items manufactured by a machine are known to be defective. 500 items are to be made by the
machine. The probability that more than 480 of them are non-defective is approximately
OUT of RANGE bonus marks
[ :n = 500 (total items)

p = Probability of defective = 5/500 = 0.01

X = No. of defective items

Now, we will find λ which is the parameter of Poisson distribution.

λ = np = .01 x 500 = 10

Now as we know,

Now since we want probability of getting non- defectives more than 480 means defective less than 500-
480=20:

P(X<20) = 1 - P(X<=20) = 1 - [ p(X=20) +P(X=19) + P(X=18) +P(x=17) +…….+P(X=0)]

Now substituting the values of λ , and Xs in the pdf and subtracting it from 1, will give us our answer.]

A. 0.85
B. 0.15
C. 0.58
D. 0.42
32. Find the value of C for the equation x 2  14 x  C  ( x  7) 2

A. 49
B. -49
C. 7
D. -7

33. Find the number that needs to be added to each side of x 2  5x  __  __ to complete the square:

A. 5/2
B. -5/2
C. 25/2
D. 25/4

34. A matrix contains 48 elements. Which of the following cannot equal the number of rows of the matrix?

A. 18
B. 16
C. 8
D. 24

35.

A.

B. {CORRECT= B}

C.

(CRQs)

Q.1: Solve Either (a) OR (b) of Q.1 [ 06 ]


a) Use Cramer’s Rule to solve the system.

Answer is

Find the values of x for which  2  x   16  16 x  x 4 .


4
b)

Q.2: Solve Either (a) OR (b) of the Q.2 [ 05 ]

a). In the expansion of (x-2y)15. Find the term containing x10.

b) Create Pascal’s Triangle to show the coefficients of (a + b)5


Q.3: Attempt (a) and (b) OR (c) and (d) [Total Mark=08]

a) The root of Quadratic equation 𝑥 2 + 𝑝𝑥 + 8 = 0 are 𝛼 and 𝛽. Find the value of p if 𝛼 − 𝛽 = 2 (04)
b) solve the following system of equation 2𝑥 2 + 7𝑥𝑦 = 15𝑦 2 , 𝑥 2 − 𝑦 2 = 5 (04)

OR

c)use synthetic division to show that 𝑥 = 3 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑥 = −1 are factor of polynomial 2𝑥 4 + 𝑥 3 − 19𝑥 2 − 9𝑥 + 9
(04)
d) show that the roots of the equation 2𝑎𝑥 2 + (2𝑎 + 𝑏)𝑥 + 𝑏 = 0 are rational . (04)

Q.4: (ATTEMPT EITHER i OR ii OF THE Q.4) [TOTAL MARKS=05]

OR
ii.
Q.5: prove that, by using properties of determinant [ 06 ]

a2 𝑏𝑐 𝑎𝑐 + c 2
| a 2 + ab b2 ac |= 4 a2 b2 c2
ab b 2 + bc c2
𝟎 𝟏 𝟏
𝑨𝟐 −𝟑𝑰
Q.6: Find 𝑨−𝟏 𝒊𝒇 𝑨 = [𝟏 𝟎 𝟏]. Also show that 𝑨−𝟏 = 𝟐
𝟏 𝟏 𝟎

corner A to meet Jill at the opposite corner B. The framework, show in the following figure, is formed by joining
bars of equal length. Jack chooses randomly a path of the shortest length to meet Jill. An example of
such a path, which can be denoted by
Right – Up – Forward – Up – Right – Forward. is also shown in the figure.

1. Find the number of shortest paths from A to B.


2. If there is a trap at the center C of the framework which catches anyone passing through it,
(i) find the number of shortest paths from A to C,
(ii) hence find the probability that Jack will be caught by the trap on his way to B.

Prove, by Mathematical Induction, that n(n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3) is divisible by 24, for all natural numbers n.

Discussion

Mathematical Induction cannot be applied directly. Here we break the proposition into three parts. Also note that
24 = 4321 = 4!

Solution

Let P(n) be the proposition:

1. n(n + 1) is divisible by 2! =2.

2. n(n + 1)(n + 2) is divisible by 3! = 6.

3. n(n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3) is divisible by 4! = 24.

For P(1),
1. 12 = 2 is divisible by 2.

2. 123 = 6 is divisible by 3.

3. 1234 = 24 is divisible by 24.  P(1) is true.

Assume that P(k) is true for some natural number k, that is

1. k(k + 1) is divisible by 2, that is, k(k + 1) = 2a …. (1)

2. k(k + 1)(k + 2) is divisible by 6 , that is, k(k + 1)(k + 2) = 6b …. (2)

3. k(k + 1)(k + 2)(k + 3) is divisible by 24 ,

that is, k(k + 1)(k + 2)(k + 3) = 24c …. (3)

where a, b, c are natural numbers.

For P(k + 1) ,

1. (k + 1)(k + 2) = k(k + 1) + 2(k + 1) = 2a + 2(k + 1) , by (1)

= 2 [a + k + 1]
…. (4)

, which is divisible by 2.

2. (k + 1)(k + 2)(k + 3) = k(k + 1)(k + 2) + 3(k + 1)(k + 2)

= 6b + 3  2[a + k + 1] , by (2), (4)

= 6 [b + a + k + 1]
…. (5)

, which is divisible by 6.

3. (k + 1)(k + 2)(k + 3)(k + 4) = k(k + 1)(k + 2)(k + 3) + 4(k + 1)(k + 2)(k + 3)

= 24c + 4  6[b + a + k + 1] , by (3) , (5)

= 24 [c + b + a + k + 1]

, which is divisible by 24 .

 P(k + 1) is true.

By the Principle of Mathematical Induction, P(n) is true for all natural numbers, n .
Q.8: Put T for true, and F for false statement. Justify your response if it is false. [ 10 ]
_____1. If A is a square matrix and A2 = I, then A = I or A = -I.
_____2. If AB = O, then A = O or B = O.
_____3. If A, B, C are square and ABC = O, then one of them is O .
_____4. If AB = AC, then B = C.
_____5. If A is non-zero and AB = AC, then B = C.
_____6. The square of a non-zero square matrix must be a non-zero matrix

_____7. If AB = BA, then (A  B)3 = A3  3A2B + 3AB2  B3 .


_____8. (AB)-1 = A-1B-1 .
_____9. For square matrix A, AAT = I if and only if ATA = I
_____10. For square matrix A, AAT = I if and only if ATA = I
Justify here if the statement is false.

1. F , A =  10 1

0 
, A2 =  10 1  0 1   1 0 
  
0  1 0   0 1 
= I, A  I and A  - I.
 

 0 0
1 0 0    0 0
2. F , A   , B   0 0 , AB    // A =  10 0

0 
, B =  00 0

1 
, AB =  00 0

0 
 0 0 0 0 1  0 0   
 

 0 0
3. F , A=B=C=   , ABC = O
1 0

4. F , Choose A = O, B  C
5. F , A =  10 0

0 
, B =  00 0

0 
, C =  00 0

1 
, AB = AC =  00 0

0 
,
   

B  C.
2
0 1 0 0
6. F ,     
0 0 0 0

7. T
8. F , (AB)-1 = B-1A-1 since (AB)( B-1A-1) = I.
9. and 10. T
Q.9: . The hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is 15 cm. The sum of the other two sides is 21 cm. Find the
lengths of the other two sides. [05]

Q.10: A sample was selected of 506 workers who currently receive two weeks of paid vacation per year. These
workers were asked if they were willing to accept a small pay cut to get an additional week of paid vacation a
year. The following table shows the responses of these workers. [Total 4 Marks]

If one person is selected at random from these 506 workers, find the following probabilities.
i. P(yes) (01)
ii. P(yes ∕woman) (01)
iii. P(woman and no) (01)
iv. P(no response or man) (02)
Q.11: Solve any two of the following equations [Total 4 Marks]
2𝑥+3 𝑥+3 𝑥
a) 2 +2 =1+2 (02)
b)√3𝑥 2 − 7𝑥 − 30 − √2𝑥 2 − 7𝑥 − 5 = 𝑥 − 5 (02)
c) Given that 𝛼 and 𝛽are the root of the equation 𝑥 2 − 𝑥 + 7 = 0
𝛼 𝛽
form an equation whose roots are 𝛽+3 , 𝛼+3 (02)

WISH YOU GOOD LUCK..