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# (MCQs)

1. The principle of mathematical induction is also used to prove preposition or statements involving ______
integers.
A. Negative
B. Non negative
C. Positive odd
D. None
2. In factorial form 𝑛(𝑛 − 1)is equal to _______.
A. n!
B. (n-1)!
C. n(n-1)!
𝑛(𝑛−1)(𝑛−2)!
D. (𝑛−2)!
3. Pascal’s Triangle is helpful for finding the binomial ________.
A. terms
B. powers
C. co-efficient
D. none
4. If A and B are matrices, then which from the following is true ?

A. A+B≠B+A
B. (At)t ≠ A
C. AB ≠ BA
D. all are true

5. The matrix

is a?
A. symmetric
B. skew-symmetric
C. Hermitian
D. Skew Hermitian

6.
A. 90
B. 105
C. 120
D. 135
7. What are the values of x and y in the following pair of Equations?

A. x = −2, y = −6
B. x = 2, y = 6
C. x = −3, y = −6
D. x = 3, y = 6
8. If a < 0, then function ƒ(x) = a x² + bx + c has

A. maximum value,
B. minimum value
C. constant value
D. positive value

## 9. If a > 0, then function ƒ(x) = a x² + bx + c has

A. maximum value
B. minimum value,
C. constant value
D. positive value

10.

11.

12.
A
13.
A

14.

15.

16.

17.

B
18. Solution Set of 4𝑥 2 + 𝑦 2 = 25 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑦 2 − 2𝑥 = 25 is
5
A. {(2, 3), (2, -3), (− 2, 0)}
B. {(2, 3), (-2, 3), (2, 0)}
5
C. {(2, 3), (2, -3), ( 2, 0)} none of these
5
D. {(-2, 3), (2, -3), (− 2, 0)}
19. If A be the matrix and k be the scalar quantity then (𝑘𝐴)𝑡 ) = ?
A. 𝑘 𝑡 𝐴𝑡
B. 𝐴𝑡 𝑘 𝑡
C. 𝑘𝐴𝑡
D. 𝐴𝑡
20. How many different arrangements can be made by using all the letters of the word?

## IBA? (Assume that IBA is a word).

A. 6
B. 336
C. 6720
D. 40320

1 2 3
21. |4 5 6| =?
1 2 3

A. 15
B. -1
C. 0 https://matrix.reshish.com/determinant.php
D. 1

22. How many different arrangements can be made by using all the letters of

## “FRIENDS” except vowels.

A. 42
B. 84
C. 120
D. 840
23.
A.
B.
C. C
D.
24. Value of x,y and z are
A. (1,1,0)
B. (1, −1, −1)
C. (6,5,0)
D. (−1,1,0)

25. A bag contains 30 balls, some of which are red and the remaining are blue. The probability of
drawing red is 1/6, then the number of blue balls are
A. 16
B. 20
C. 24
D. 25
26. For any quadratic equation ax2  bx  c  0 , where a, b, and c are real numbers and a  0 , If b2  4ac  0 , then
the equation has
A. Two real roots
B. Two real and unequal roots
C. Two complex numbers (not real roots)
D. One real root

## 27. In the weather forecast at any tv channel

What does a probability of 30% that it will be raining tomorrow mean?
A. 30% of 12 hours is about 3½ hours, so we will have 3½ hours of rain tomorrow.
B. 30% is less than ½, so we will have rain tomorrow for less than half the day.
C. 30% is less than 50% so more likely than not we will have a dry day tomorrow.
D. You cannot tell because the weather forecast is often wrong.

28. Two regular six-sided dice are rolled. What is the probability that the sum is at most four?
1
A.
9
1
B. https://www.mathcelebrity.com/2dice.php?gl=1&pl=4&opdice=1&rolist=+&dby=&ndby=&montect=+
6
5
C.
6
4
D.
9
29. Find the value of C for the following

x2  14 x  C  ( x  7)2

A. 49
B. -49
C. 7
D. -7
30. What is the probability of drawing a red face card from a standard deck of playing cards?

A.

## B. = There are 6 red face cards in total cards of 52.

C.

D.
31. 5% of items manufactured by a machine are known to be defective. 500 items are to be made by the
machine. The probability that more than 480 of them are non-defective is approximately
OUT of RANGE bonus marks
[ :n = 500 (total items)

## Now, we will find λ which is the parameter of Poisson distribution.

λ = np = .01 x 500 = 10

Now as we know,

Now since we want probability of getting non- defectives more than 480 means defective less than 500-
480=20:

## P(X<20) = 1 - P(X<=20) = 1 - [ p(X=20) +P(X=19) + P(X=18) +P(x=17) +…….+P(X=0)]

Now substituting the values of λ , and Xs in the pdf and subtracting it from 1, will give us our answer.]

A. 0.85
B. 0.15
C. 0.58
D. 0.42
32. Find the value of C for the equation x 2  14 x  C  ( x  7) 2

A. 49
B. -49
C. 7
D. -7

33. Find the number that needs to be added to each side of x 2  5x  __  __ to complete the square:

A. 5/2
B. -5/2
C. 25/2
D. 25/4

34. A matrix contains 48 elements. Which of the following cannot equal the number of rows of the matrix?

A. 18
B. 16
C. 8
D. 24

35.

A.

B. {CORRECT= B}

C.

(CRQs)

## Q.1: Solve Either (a) OR (b) of Q.1 [ 06 ]

a) Use Cramer’s Rule to solve the system.

4
b)

## b) Create Pascal’s Triangle to show the coefficients of (a + b)5

Q.3: Attempt (a) and (b) OR (c) and (d) [Total Mark=08]

a) The root of Quadratic equation 𝑥 2 + 𝑝𝑥 + 8 = 0 are 𝛼 and 𝛽. Find the value of p if 𝛼 − 𝛽 = 2 (04)
b) solve the following system of equation 2𝑥 2 + 7𝑥𝑦 = 15𝑦 2 , 𝑥 2 − 𝑦 2 = 5 (04)

OR

c)use synthetic division to show that 𝑥 = 3 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑥 = −1 are factor of polynomial 2𝑥 4 + 𝑥 3 − 19𝑥 2 − 9𝑥 + 9
(04)
d) show that the roots of the equation 2𝑎𝑥 2 + (2𝑎 + 𝑏)𝑥 + 𝑏 = 0 are rational . (04)

## Q.4: (ATTEMPT EITHER i OR ii OF THE Q.4) [TOTAL MARKS=05]

OR
ii.
Q.5: prove that, by using properties of determinant [ 06 ]

a2 𝑏𝑐 𝑎𝑐 + c 2
| a 2 + ab b2 ac |= 4 a2 b2 c2
ab b 2 + bc c2
𝟎 𝟏 𝟏
𝑨𝟐 −𝟑𝑰
Q.6: Find 𝑨−𝟏 𝒊𝒇 𝑨 = [𝟏 𝟎 𝟏]. Also show that 𝑨−𝟏 = 𝟐
𝟏 𝟏 𝟎

corner A to meet Jill at the opposite corner B. The framework, show in the following figure, is formed by joining
bars of equal length. Jack chooses randomly a path of the shortest length to meet Jill. An example of
such a path, which can be denoted by
Right – Up – Forward – Up – Right – Forward. is also shown in the figure.

## 1. Find the number of shortest paths from A to B.

2. If there is a trap at the center C of the framework which catches anyone passing through it,
(i) find the number of shortest paths from A to C,
(ii) hence find the probability that Jack will be caught by the trap on his way to B.

Prove, by Mathematical Induction, that n(n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3) is divisible by 24, for all natural numbers n.

Discussion

Mathematical Induction cannot be applied directly. Here we break the proposition into three parts. Also note that
24 = 4321 = 4!

Solution

## 3. n(n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3) is divisible by 4! = 24.

For P(1),
1. 12 = 2 is divisible by 2.

2. 123 = 6 is divisible by 3.

For P(k + 1) ,

## 1. (k + 1)(k + 2) = k(k + 1) + 2(k + 1) = 2a + 2(k + 1) , by (1)

= 2 [a + k + 1]
…. (4)

, which is divisible by 2.

## = 6b + 3  2[a + k + 1] , by (2), (4)

= 6 [b + a + k + 1]
…. (5)

, which is divisible by 6.

## = 24c + 4  6[b + a + k + 1] , by (3) , (5)

= 24 [c + b + a + k + 1]

, which is divisible by 24 .

 P(k + 1) is true.

By the Principle of Mathematical Induction, P(n) is true for all natural numbers, n .
Q.8: Put T for true, and F for false statement. Justify your response if it is false. [ 10 ]
_____1. If A is a square matrix and A2 = I, then A = I or A = -I.
_____2. If AB = O, then A = O or B = O.
_____3. If A, B, C are square and ABC = O, then one of them is O .
_____4. If AB = AC, then B = C.
_____5. If A is non-zero and AB = AC, then B = C.
_____6. The square of a non-zero square matrix must be a non-zero matrix

## _____7. If AB = BA, then (A  B)3 = A3  3A2B + 3AB2  B3 .

_____8. (AB)-1 = A-1B-1 .
_____9. For square matrix A, AAT = I if and only if ATA = I
_____10. For square matrix A, AAT = I if and only if ATA = I
Justify here if the statement is false.

1. F , A =  10 1

0 
, A2 =  10 1  0 1   1 0 
  
0  1 0   0 1 
= I, A  I and A  - I.
 

 0 0
1 0 0    0 0
2. F , A   , B   0 0 , AB    // A =  10 0

0 
, B =  00 0

1 
, AB =  00 0

0 
 0 0 0 0 1  0 0   
 

 0 0
3. F , A=B=C=   , ABC = O
1 0

4. F , Choose A = O, B  C
5. F , A =  10 0

0 
, B =  00 0

0 
, C =  00 0

1 
, AB = AC =  00 0

0 
,
   

B  C.
2
0 1 0 0
6. F ,     
0 0 0 0

7. T
8. F , (AB)-1 = B-1A-1 since (AB)( B-1A-1) = I.
9. and 10. T
Q.9: . The hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is 15 cm. The sum of the other two sides is 21 cm. Find the
lengths of the other two sides. [05]

Q.10: A sample was selected of 506 workers who currently receive two weeks of paid vacation per year. These
workers were asked if they were willing to accept a small pay cut to get an additional week of paid vacation a
year. The following table shows the responses of these workers. [Total 4 Marks]

If one person is selected at random from these 506 workers, find the following probabilities.
i. P(yes) (01)
ii. P(yes ∕woman) (01)
iii. P(woman and no) (01)
iv. P(no response or man) (02)
Q.11: Solve any two of the following equations [Total 4 Marks]
2𝑥+3 𝑥+3 𝑥
a) 2 +2 =1+2 (02)
b)√3𝑥 2 − 7𝑥 − 30 − √2𝑥 2 − 7𝑥 − 5 = 𝑥 − 5 (02)
c) Given that 𝛼 and 𝛽are the root of the equation 𝑥 2 − 𝑥 + 7 = 0
𝛼 𝛽
form an equation whose roots are 𝛽+3 , 𝛼+3 (02)