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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 SELinux User's and Administrator's Guide Basic and advanced configuration of

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7

SELinux User's and Administrator's Guide

Basic and advanced configuration of Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux)

Last Updated: 2018-04-03

Red Hat Enterprise Linux7 SELinux User's and Administrator's Guide

Basic and advanced configuration of Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux)

Mirek Jahoda Red Hat Customer Content Services mjahoda@redhat.com

Ioanna Gkioka Red Hat Customer Content Services igkioka@redhat.com

Barbora Ančincová Red Hat Customer Content Services

Tomáš Čapek Red Hat Customer Content Services

Legal Notice

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Abstract

This book consists of two parts: SELinux and Managing Confined Services. The former describes the basics and principles upon which SELinux functions, the latter is more focused on practical tasks to set up and configure various services.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

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PART I. SELINUX

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6

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CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION

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7

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

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1.1. BENEFITS OF RUNNING SELINUX

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1.2. EXAMPLES

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1.3. SELINUX ARCHITECTURE

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1.4. SELINUX STATES AND MODES

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1.5. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

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CHAPTER 2. SELINUX CONTEXTS

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2.1. DOMAIN TRANSITIONS

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2.2. SELINUX CONTEXTS FOR PROCESSES

 

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2.3. SELINUX CONTEXTS FOR USERS

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CHAPTER 3. TARGETED POLICY

3.1. CONFINED PROCESSES

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3.2. UNCONFINED PROCESSES

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3.3. CONFINED AND UNCONFINED USERS

 

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CHAPTER 4. WORKING WITH SELINUX

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4.1. SELINUX PACKAGES

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27

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4.2. WHICH LOG FILE IS USED

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4.3. MAIN CONFIGURATION FILE

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4.4. PERMANENT CHANGES IN SELINUX STATES AND MODES

 

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4.5. CHANGING SELINUX MODES AT BOOT TIME

 

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4.6. BOOLEANS

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4.7. SELINUX CONTEXTS – LABELING FILES

 

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4.8. THE FILE_T AND DEFAULT_T TYPES

 

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4.9. MOUNTING FILE SYSTEMS

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4.10. MAINTAINING SELINUX LABELS

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4.11. INFORMATION GATHERING TOOLS

 

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4.12. PRIORITIZING AND DISABLING SELINUX POLICY MODULES

 

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4.13. MULTI-LEVEL SECURITY (MLS)

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4.14. FILE NAME TRANSITION

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4.15. DISABLING PTRACE()

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4.16. THUMBNAIL PROTECTION

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CHAPTER 5. THE SEPOLICY SUITE

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5.1. THE SEPOLICY PYTHON BINDINGS

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65

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5.2. GENERATING SELINUX POLICY MODULES: SEPOLICY GENERATE

 

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5.3. UNDERSTANDING DOMAIN TRANSITIONS: SEPOLICY TRANSITION

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5.4. GENERATING MANUAL PAGES: SEPOLICY MANPAGE

 

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CHAPTER 6. CONFINING USERS

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6.1. LINUX AND SELINUX USER MAPPINGS

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6.2. CONFINING NEW LINUX USERS: USERADD

 

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6.3. CONFINING EXISTING LINUX USERS: SEMANAGE LOGIN

 

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6.4. CHANGING THE DEFAULT MAPPING

 

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6.5. XGUEST: KIOSK MODE

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6.6. BOOLEANS FOR USERS EXECUTING APPLICATIONS

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CHAPTER 7. SECURING PROGRAMS USING SANDBOX

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SELinux User's and Administrator's Guide

7.1. RUNNING AN APPLICATION USING SANDBOX

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CHAPTER 8. SVIRT

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Non-Virtualized Environment

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Virtualized Environment

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8.1. SECURITY AND VIRTUALIZATION

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8.2. SVIRT LABELING

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CHAPTER 9. SECURE LINUX CONTAINERS

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CHAPTER 10. SELINUX SYSTEMD ACCESS CONTROL

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10.1. SELINUX ACCESS PERMISSIONS FOR SERVICES

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80

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10.2. SELINUX AND JOURNALD

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CHAPTER 11. TROUBLESHOOTING

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11.1. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN ACCESS IS DENIED

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11.2. TOP THREE CAUSES OF PROBLEMS

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11.3. FIXING PROBLEMS

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CHAPTER 12. FURTHER INFORMATION

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12.1. CONTRIBUTORS

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103

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12.2. OTHER RESOURCES

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PART II. MANAGING CONFINED SERVICES

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CHAPTER 13. INTRODUCTION

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CHAPTER 14. THE APACHE HTTP SERVER

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14.1. THE APACHE HTTP SERVER AND SELINUX

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105

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14.2. TYPES

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14.3. BOOLEANS

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14.4. CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES

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CHAPTER 15. SAMBA

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15.1. SAMBA AND SELINUX

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123

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15.3. BOOLEANS

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15.4. CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES

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CHAPTER 16. FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL

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16.1. TYPES

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16.2. BOOLEANS

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CHAPTER 17. NETWORK FILE SYSTEM

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17.1. NFS AND SELINUX

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