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3/19/2019 Philippe B.

de l'Arc - History of the electric car

AAA - Automobile and Aviation Workshops 1919-1920 France paris


AAA
1919-1925 Germany - Driesen, Brandenburg
(corporation for accumulators and automotive industry)
ABB e=motion (Colin Fallows) 2003 ...
Abbey Racer - Faversham's Abbey School 2008 Britain
United States - San Diemas,
A.C. Propulsion Systems Inc. 1992-...
California
Accumulator Industries 1902-1903 ...
Accelerated Composites Aptera 2006 United States, California
Acoma 1977 France, Angers
Acrea - Zest (Stéphane Solbach) 2006-... France - Fun, Yvelines
Acura (Honda) 2002 Japan
Addax 1975 France
A.D.S. Technologies (Ecolostation, Bruno Causse) 2005-... France - Roquebrune sur Argens, Var
Advanced Technology (Grumman-Northrop) 1997 United States
AECV (All Electric Combat Vehicle, NATO) 2002 United States
A.E.G. 1928-... Germany - Berlin
A.E.I. Limited 1967 Britain
AEM - Soci 1967 Britain
AEM
1919-1927 France - Neuilly
Electro-Mechanical Application Company
Aeric (Mildé - Krieger) 1941-1943 France paris
A.F.A. 1943 France
Aixam-Mega Automobiles (ex-Arola) 1983-... France - Aix-les-Bains, Savoie
Ajax Motor Vehicle Co (Simpson brothers) 1901-1903 United States - New York City
AKASOL Project 2000-... Allemagne - Darmstadt
AL (Electro-Mechanical Energy) 1907-1909 France paris
Alco - American Locomotive Company
1905-1913 United States
(licence Berliet)
Alex 1916-1920 Scotland - Edinburgh
Alexandra 1905-1906 ...
Alfi 1922-1924 ...
General automobile company Berlin 1901 Germany - Berlin
General automobile company Motorgahrzegge 1901 Germany - Cologne
Allis-Chalmers 1965 United States
Alternative 2004 Canada - Quebec
Altha Auto & Power Co xx United States - Dover, Delaware
another xx Switzerland - Geneva, ve
Amectran Company 197x United States - Dallas, Texas
American Bicycle Co 1901 United States - Indianapolis
American Electric (American Motor Car Co) 1902-1910 United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1896 -
American Electric Vehicle Co United States - Chicago
1898
American Electric Vehicle Co - American Vehicle Co 1899-1902 United States - New York
American Electric (Argo, Borland & Broc) 1913-1915 United States
AMC - American Motors Corporation
1968-x United States
(with Gulton Industries)
American Walker Electric Van 19.. United States / Great Britain
AM General 1975 United States
Amiot & Peneau 1897-1905 France - Asnières, Seine
Amorton Car 1986 ...
AMP - Advanced Mechanical Products Inc. 2008 United States - Cincinnati, Ohio

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Anderson Carriage Co. 1906-1911 United States - Port Huron / Detroit


MI
1911 -
Anderson Electric Car Co United States - Detroit MI
1919
Anderson Power Products Inc 1972 United States
Etats-Unis - Colorado Springs,
Anthony xx
Colorado
United States - Los Angeles,
Earle C Anthony 1897
California
Antro Group
Alternative Energy Powered Vehicle Manufacturing 2008-... Hungary
Company (Zsolt Hegedüs)
United States - Pompano Beach,
Appolo Energy Systems, Inc. (Robert Aronsson) 2008-...
Florida
Arbel 1957 ...
Argentum Motors (Heuliez) 2008-... Inside - New Dehli
The Argo Electric Vehicle Company United States - Saginaw MI /
1912-1916
(Metzger-Herrington Argo Co.) Jackson, MI
Ariel Motor Co 2007 United States
S. Armbruster 1901 Austria - Vienna
Arola / Aixam 1974-... France
Arrol-Aster (the Mo-Car Syndicate Ltd) xx Great Britain - Underwood, Paisley
Arrol-Johnston
1895-1931 Ecosse - Heathhall, Dumfries
(the Mo-Car Syndicate Ltd)
Dave Arthurs (Opel GT hybrtide) 1979 United States - Springdale, Arkansas
Aruanda (Ari Antonio da Rocha) 1964 Brazil
Paul Arzens 1938-1942 France paris
Aspire (Wuhan University of Technology) 2004 China
That (Akkumulatorenfbk AG) 1921-1925 Czechoslovakia - Prague II
Astris Taxi upstairs 1999-2000 Canada - Mississauga, Ontario
Atlantic Vehicle Company 1912 Etats-Uins - Newark, New Jersey
ATW Autotechnik Walther 1990 Germany - Bad Rappeneau
Audi xx Germany
Aurora solar car (Aurora Vehicle Association Inc) 2003-2005 Australie - Melbourne
Ausonia
1903-1906 Italy - Milan
Vetture Elettriche Camona, Giussani, Turinell & Co
Austro-Daimler 1917 Austria
The Autocab Company 1901 France paris
AUTELEC 1943 France
Autobianchi xx Italy
Auto Club 1899 ...
The Autodynamic Co. 1901 United States - New York
Autos & Energies Sarl
2007-... Switzerland - Fririer
(ex-SSP SA, Pierre Scholl)
Autoette Electric Car Co.
United States - Long Beach,
(Royce Seevers, Blood Sales Co., Wayne Manufacturing Co. Puis 1947-1970
California
famille Seevers)
Autolite 1968 ...
Auto-Lux 1937 Italy - Milan
Automatic Electric Transportation Co 1914-1916 United States - Buffalo, New York
The Automatic Electric Transmission Co 1920-1927 United States - Buffalo, New York
The Auto-Mixte
1905-1912 Belgium - Liège
(Société Anonyme Auto-Mixte)
The Auto Red Bug 1923-1928 United States - Milwaukee
bumper cars xx France
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Autos & Energie 2005 ...


Ernst Auwärter AG (VW Golf) 1985-x Germany - Seinenbrom
Averley - G. Averly 1898-1901 France - Lyon
Avia (Tudor SA) 197x Spain
Ayrton & Perry - Londres 1883 Britain

1906-
Babcock Electric Carriage Co United States - Buffalo, New York
1912
Baby-Rhône 1941 France
1901-
Otto von Bachelle United States - Chicago
1902
1907- United States - Amesbury,
S. R. Bailey & Co
1916 Massassuchets
Bajaj 1950 ...
1894-
Baker & Elberg United States - Kansas City MO
1895
Baker Motor Vehicle Co 1899- United States - Cleveland Screw,
(Walter C. Baker, 1868-1955) 1915 Ohio
Baker, Rauch & Lang 1915-
United States
Baker Raulang - Baker, Rauch & Co 1916
Baker 1994 United States
1896- United States
Barrows Electric Auto-Buggy Barrows Vehicle Co
1899 New York NY / Willimantic CT
Bat International 1992-... United States
Batricar 1983 Britain
1974-
Battery Box (Roger Hedlund) ...
1975
1964- United States - Boyertown,
Battronic Truck Corporation
1990 Pennsylvania
1901-
Beardsley & Hubbs Manufacturing Co United States - Ohio
1902
Beardsley Electric Co 1915- United States, Los Angeles, CA /
(Volney S. Beardsley) 1917 Culver City, CA
Bedford Commercial Vehicles 1985x Great Britain - Luton, Bedfordshire
Beechcraft - Beechcraft Aeroplane Company 1948 United States
1907-
B.E.F. ...
1913
Beijing BIT Clean EV Co LTD
2003 China
(Beijing Institute of Technology)
Beijing CITIC
2004 China
guoan mengguli institute of new materail technology Co Ltd
Beijing Jinghua coach Co Ltd
2004 China
(Beijing Institute of Technology)
Old Society of Cycles and Automobiles Belgica Belgium - Brussels
2002 -
Bellier J. (ex-Bel Motor) France - 85 Talmont-Saint-Hilaire
2005...
Belmont Electric Auto Company 1916 United States
Bendix Corporation SLRV
1965 United States
(NASA - Surveyor Lunar Roving Vehicle)
1921-
Berg Electric United States
1922
1911-
Bergmann Elektrizitats-Werke AG Germany - Berlin
1925
Berliet (Marius Berliet) 1924-x France
1911-
Berlin electromobile factory AG Germany - Berlin
1925

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Walter C. Bersey 1893- Great Britain, London


1899
Bertone 1992-x Italy
Berwick Auto Car Company 1904 United States
Better Place (Shai Agassi, Founder and CEO) 2005-... United States - Palo Alto, CA
B.F.C. - Beijing North Huade Neoplan Bus Co Ltd
2004 China
(Beijing Institute of Technology)
BGS - Bouquet, Garcin & Schivre 1899-
France - Neuilly sur Seine
(Society of electric cars and BGS system accumulators) 1906
1899- United States - Boston,
Binney & Burnham
1902 Massachussets
Bi-Scot (Philippe Bone, Creacar) 1994-... France - Ussel, Coorèze
Bicycle Company Waverly Plant
1896-... United States - Indianapolis, Indiana
(ex-Cleveland Automatic, Elmer A. Sperry)
United States - Binghampton, New
Binghamton Electric Truck Co 1920
York
Germany - Nergerhof /
Fahrradwerke Bismarck GmbH 1901
Radewormwalde
1906-
Blakeslee United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1907
1928-
Bleichert Transport Systems GmbH Germany - Berlin / Leipzig
1939
1941-
Bleriot France
1943
Blimline 1897 United States
1901-
Blondel & Crépin France - Amiens, Somme
1905
1952-
B.M.A. Hazelcar ...
1957
BMW 1987-... Germany
1949- United States - Los Angeles,
B.M.W - Boulevard Machine Works
1966 California
1971-
Boeing United States
199x
1898-
Bogard France
1900
Bolloré Blue Car 2004-... France
Bombardier 2002 ...
Philippe Bone (QLMOP) 1996 France
H.F. Borbein Co. 1903 United States - Saint Louis, Missouri
1903- United States - Chicago IL / Saginaw
Borland - Borland-Grannis Co
1916 MI
Bosch 1969 Germany

1901 Belgium - Brussels-Cureghem


Boty Electrical Equipment and Installations Limited Company
Bouquet xx ...
Boxel 1998 Belgium
Boyertown Trolley Corporation
1966-... United States - Pensacola, Florida
(Battronic Truck Corporation)
Bradley GTE 197x ...
Braun Elec 1974 ...
1901-
Brecht Automobile Co United States - Saint Louis, Missouri
1903
1940-
Aviation workshops Louis Bréguet France - Toulouse
1944
Bridgestone (motor-wheel) 2004 United States

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Briggs & Stratton 1980 ...


1896-
Britannia Works (Vaughan-Sherrin) Great Britain - Colchester
1899
1909-
The Broc Carriage & Wagon Co United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1916
1940-
Brodeau France
1942
1906-
Brunn's Carriage Manufacturing Co United States - Buffalo, New York
1910
Brush Electric Co
1886 United States - Cleveland, Ohio
(General Manager N. S. Possons)
Brush Engineering (Brush Pony Milk Float) 1967 Grande-Bretagne - Loughborough
Bucher Lightweight Construction AG 1992 ...
1900-
The Buffalo Electric Carriage Company United States - Buffalo, New York
1901
1901-
Buffalo Automobile Company United States
1906
Buffalo Electric Co - Buffalo Electric Vehicle Co 1903-
United States - Buffalo NY
(Francis A. Babcock - Van Wagogoner...) 1915
1926-
Bugatti France
1931
Buick Skylark Hybrid
1974 United States
(Engineers Victor Wouk and Charlie Rosen)
Bushburry Electric (Star Cycle) 1897 Great Britain - Wolverhampton
BYD Auto Co. Ltd 2002-... Chine - Beijing
The Byrider Electric Auto Co. 1907-
United States - Cleveland, Ohio
(John & William A. Byrider) 1910
2004-
BYU - Brigham Young University United States
2005
United States - Long Beach,
B&Z. Electric Car Co (Billard & Zarpe) 1961-x
California

CABAC - Canadian Cycle & Motor Company


xx Canada
(E.R. Thomas Motor Company)
1899-
Caledonian Ecosse - Aberdeen
1906
1900-
California United States
1903
California Electric Cars (Craig Campbell) 1995 United States - Seaside, California
Calstart 1993 United States - Burbank, California
Canada General Electric 1899 Canada - Peterboro
1900-
Canadian Motor (W.J. Still) Canada - Toronto, Ontario
1902
1895-
Canadian Motor Syndicate Canada
1899
1904 -
Cantono (E. Cantono) Italy
1907
The Cantono Electric Tractor Co 1904 -
United States - Canton OH
(under license) 1907
Caprera Algol 1969 ...
Caramagna 1901 Italy - Turin
Cardinet 1900-
France paris
(French Company of Electromobile Cars) 1907
Joseph Carli 1894 Italy - Castelnuovo
H.H. Carpenter 1895 United States - Denver, Colorado
Carter Engineering Company Ltd 1967 Britain

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Carville (ex-Pilcar, Franco Sbarro) 1979 Suisse


Goes to Société Romande d'Electricité
Clarens
Chestnut 2006 ...
Casler (B. G. Casler) 1901 United States - Chicago IL
1975-
Cedar (François Guerbet) France - Holy Cross Volvestre
1987
United States - North Hollywood,
Centaur (George Barris - Hybricon) 1978-x
California
1899-
Century Motor Vehicle Co United States - Syracuse, New York
1903
1911-
Century Motor Co - Century Elelectric Car Co United States - Detroit, Michigan
1915
RIGHT 2006 ...
C.E.V. - Chargebroad Electric Vehicle Co Ltd 2004 ...
CFVE 1898-
France paris
French Electromobile Cars Company 1901
CGE
1941-
General Electric Company France - Paris / Asnières
1946
Ing. Gregory
1970-
CGE Grégoire France
1975
CGECA Spanish
1901 Spain- Barcelona
General Compania de Coches Automoviles (E. de la Quadra)
1901-
Champrobert - From Champrobert France - Levallois-Perret
1905
1940-
Cars E. Hats France - Lyon
1942
Chapman AKA Electromobile 1899-
United States - Portland, Maine
(Belknap Motor Co - W H Chapman) 1902
Charger (moto Auranthetic) 1976 United States
Charles Town-About 1958-
United States - San Diego, California
(Dr Charles H. Graves, Stinson Aircraft Toll Corp) 1959
1922-
Chelsea - Wandsworth Engineering Works Great Britain - London
1924
1902-
Chenhall ...
1906
Chery Automobiles 2008-... China - Wuhu, Anhui Province
Chevrolet 1992-... United States
1912-
Chicago Electric Motor Co United States - Chicago IL
1916
Chika (Li Shi Guang Ming, China Automobile France, ex Tang Hua) 2008 China
Chloride Technical xx ...
Chrysler Corporation 1979-... United States
Chrysler-Westinghouse 1992 United States
1912-
The Church-Field Motor Co United States - Sibley, Michigan
1913
ICES 1904-
Switzerland - Geneva
Company of the Electrical and Mechanical Industry 1906
Citicar 1974-
United States
(Eric Jelinski - Sebring Vanguard, Inc., Electric Vehicles: CitiCar) 1976
Citroën Automobiles 1990-... France
1901-
City & Suburban Electric Carriage Co Ltd Great Britain - Niagara
1905
City Car (MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology) 2007 United States - Massachusetts
Citycom AG (CityEL) 1995-... Germany

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A. (Albert) F. Clark Co 1903 - ...


1905
Clean Liner (Satoru Sugiyama) 1992 Japan
1991-
Cleanair - Californie United States
1992
Clear & Dunham xx ...
1935-
Cleco Electric Industries Ltd Great Britain - Leicester
1940
1904-
Clémençon France
1906
Clément (Electromotion - Columbia) 1900 France
Cleveland Automatic
1896-... United States - Indianapolis, Indiana
(Elmer A. Sperry, Bicycle Company Waverly Plant)
1899-
Cleveland Machine Screw Co (Elmer A. Sperry) United States - Clevemand, Ohio
1901
1909 -
Cleveland Electric Vehicle Co United States - Clevemand, Ohio
1910
1899-
Clift Britain
1902
1906-
Cloumobil ...
1908
Club Car xx United States - Augusta, Georgia
1944-
CMV - Mobile Construction of Valencia Spain - Valencia
1946
Coaster xx ...
Colani 1992 ...
Colenta Elektromobile 1990 Germany - Dreisbach
United States - Scranton,
Collins Electric Vehicle Co 1901
Pennsylvania
Colonial 1913 United States
Columbia & Electric Vehicle Company 1896- United States - Hartford CT / New
(colonel Pope, United State Motor Company) 1913 York
1914 -
Columbia Electric Vehicle Co (E. T. Birdsall) United States - Detroit MI
1918
1916-
Columbia Electric Vehicle Company - Columbia Motors Co. United States - Detroit, Michigan
1926
The Columbus Buggy Co 1902-
United States - Columbus, Ohio
(Clinton Dewitt Firestone) 1915
Columbia 2002 United States
L. Combes 1901 France - Bois-Colombes, Seine
CO.ME.GO Golfette xx France - 64 Anglet
1910-
Commercial United States - Philadelphia
1918
Commuter Vehicles Inc. 1977-
United States - Sebring
(Jim Tervort, ex-Sebring-Vanguard) 1988
United States - Los Angeles,
Commuter Cars - Tango (Rick Woodbury) 2002-...
California
Compagnie Générale des Cars 18xx France paris
New Electric Vehicles
1901 France paris
and Cars Company of Grand Hotel (Riker)
Parisian Electric Taxautos Company, Kriéger system 1907 France paris
Parisian Company of Electric Cars
1901 France - Paris / Courbevoie
(Krieger process)
1969-
C.D.A. - Copper Development Association Inc. United States - New York
1979x
Concordia University xx ...

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Connaught 2005 Britain


1975-
Copper Development Association, Inc. United States
1979x
Corbin Motors - Corbin-Gentry (Mike Corbin) 197x ...
1996-
Corbin Motor Company United States - California
2002
C-Zen Courb
2008-... France - Lyon
(Jean-Yves Castellon and Hervé Arnaud, Zero Harmful Emission)
Courrèges (Coqueline Courrèges) 2000-... France
Coventry Machinist Company (ex-Coventry Sewing Machine
1888 Great Britain - Coventry
Company, J.K Starley)
Creacar (Biscot) 2002-... France - Ussel, Coorèze
1899-
Créanche France - Courbevoie, Seine
1906
Creative Automotive Research xx ...
CREE SA / SAM
1996-... Switzerland - Biel
(Creation Research Engineering + Ecology SA)
C.R.F. 2005 ...
Henri Crochat (AZG electric truck) 1919 France - Dijon
Crompton Electricars xx ...
1901-
Crowdus Automobile Co United States - Chicago, Illinois
1903
1920- United States - Wilkesbarre,
Crown Magnetic (J.L. Crown, ex-Owen)
1921 Pennsylvania
CTA
18xx France
(Automobile Transport Company, Jenatzy system
Current-Fare (Electric Vehicle Associates) xx ...
The Cushman Motor Works 1936-... Canada
Cushman 1975-... Canada
O.M.C. Lincoln Cushman 1982 United States
1953-
Custer ...
1960
C-V Electric Truck xx ...
CyberCars & CyberMove 2004 France - Antibes - Juan les Pins
CyCab
(INRIA, National Institute of Research in Computer Science and 1998 France
Automation)

Daihatsu 1967-... Japan


Daimler Benz xx Germany
Daimler-Chrysler 2004 Germany / United States
1901 -
Darling (Beardsley & Hubbs Mfg. Co) United States, Shelby OH
1902
Alexandre Darracq 1896 France paris
1897 -
Darracq-Gladiator France paris
1908
Dassault Cleanova 2004 France
Etats-Unis
Thomas Davenport 1833-1837
Brandon, Vermont / Troy, New York
David 1913-1956 ...
David & Bourgeois (P. Gautier) 1898-1901 France paris
Andrew Davidson 1842 Scotland - Edinburgh
Dayton Electric Car Co 1911-1915 United States - Dayton, Ohio
Dayton Electricar Corporation 197x United States
From Dion Button 1894 France

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Deering Magnetic (Owen System) 1918 United States


Delaunay-Belleville (Pierre and Robert Delaunay-Belleville) 194x France
DeMars Electric Vehicle Co 1904-1906 United States - Cleveland, Ohio
United States - Santa Barbara,
Demi - Driesbach Electromotive Inc 1982
California
Demissene 1901-1903 Belgium - Brussels
Deshaies Inc. 2006 Canada - Quebec
De Soto 1959 United States
Design us 2008-... Turkey - Ankara
Detroit Automobile Co
1907-1939 United States - Detroit, Michigan
Detroit Electric Car Co (Anderson Electric Car Company)
Detroiter - Briggs-Detroiter Company
1912-1917 United States - Detroit, Michigan
(Claude S. Briggs et John A. Boyd)
D.E.W. - Zschopauer Motorenwerke J.S. Rasmussen AG
1924-1929 United States - Berlin
(D.E. Willis)
Harry E. Dey & Steimetz 1915 United States
Dey Electric Co - Dey Electrical Vehicle Syndicate 1915 - United States - New York,
(Harry E. Dey) 1917 Pennsylvania
Dickson's Carriage Works 1893 Canada - Ontario
Educate 1984-x United States
Alfred Dinin & Cie 1904-1907 France - Puteaux, Seine
Dixon Carriage Works
xx ...
(John Dixon et Frederick Featherstonhaugh)
Dodge 1980 United States
Dolphin (B.A.T. International) 1980's ...
Dolphin Vehicles (Alex Smith) 198x United States
Dongfeng Electric Vehicle Co Ltd 2002 China
Dora 1899-1910 Italy - Genoa
Rick G Doran 198x United States
Golden - Doré & Buissou 1898-1901 France - Levallois-Perret
Dragonfly 197x ...
Draulette & Catois 1897 France
United States - Sacramento,
Drive Electric (Bob Dean, Sal Caravello) 1995
California
DTL 1960 United States
Duco - T.F. Dunker & Co. 1921-1925 Germany - Berlin
Dudley Bug
1915 United States - Menominee MI
(Menominee Electric Mfg. Co)
Duracar Quicc 2008-... Netherlands
Duryea 1899 United States
Dynamo Jr. 1959 United States
Dynamobile 1906-1908 ...
Dynasty Electric Vehicles Ltd (Abdul Wahid) 1999-... Canada - Chester Road Delta, BC

E.A.A. - Electric Automobile Association xx ...


Ken Eacrett 1979 United States - California
Eagle 1915 United States - Detroit, Michigan
1972-
Eagle-Pitcher Industries Inc. United States
199x
Eagle Electric Golf Cart (Lad Industries Inc.) 1976 ...
Eagle Marketing xx ...
Eaglet -Silent Transport Ltd 1948 Great Britain - Woking
1899-
Eastman Electro Cycle (H.F. Eastman) United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1902

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Eaton 1898 United States - Boston,


Massachussets
E.C.C. 1884-
Britain
(Electric Construction Company, Thomas Hugh Parker) 189x
ELV - Eco & Mobility 2008-... France - Poitou / Charentes
Eco Drive AG 1992 Germany - Stafa
Eco Electric Corporation (Mary Ann Chapman) 1995 United States - Tucson, Arizona
EDAG GmbH & Co 2009 Germany - Fulda
Eddy Electric Manufacturing. Co 1902 United States - Windsor, Connecticut
Thomas Edison 1889 United States
Edison & Field 1883 United States - Chicago, Illinois
EEL (Daf 44 - EFP - Electric Fuel Propulsion) 1969 United States
Effedi Elettrone 2005-... Italy
E.F.P. - Electric Fuel Propulsion Inc. - E.A.C - Electric Auto
Corporation 1967-... United States, Troy
(Robert Aronson)
1898-
Eisenach Germany
1903
Eisenring (Markus Eisenring) 1992 Suisse - Niederuzwill
Extruder 1905 Britain
1976-
Elcar Corporation United States
1977
Elcat 1985-... Finland - Jarvenpaa
1899-
Elecctra ...
1900
Electro-car Pöhlmann EL, Steinbock AG 1982x Switzerland - Zýrich
1899-
Electra (H. Kruger) Germany - Berlin
1900
1913-
Electra Storage Battery Power Co United States - Chicago, Illinois
1915
1941-
Electra (P. Faure) France
1942
Electra (The Ray Thomas Co. Inc.) 1968 United States
Electra (Die Mesh Corp,) xx ...
Electra-Car - E.T. Systems 1981 Canada - Toronto, Ontario
1941-
Electraph France - Nice
1942
Electra Spider - Die Mesh Corp 197x ...
Electra Van (Jet Industries Inc.) 1978 United States
Electrek (Unique Mobility) 1982 ...
1906-
Electrette (Lansden Co) United States - Newark NJ
1908
1919-
Electricar (M. A. Couaillet) France paris
1924
1950-
Electricar France paris
1966
Grande-Bretagne - Atherstone,
Electricars Ltd 1985
Warehouse
Electric Auto 1981 United States - Southfield, Minesota
Electric Auto Association xx ...
Electric Auto Corporation - Apollo Energy Systems xx ...
Electric Car Company of America, Inc. United States - North Hollywood,
1995
(Richard Mayer & Don Eaton) California
Electric Carriage & Garage 1902 Britain
Electric Carriage & Wagon Co 1894- United States - Philadelphia

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(Henry G. Morris & Pedro G. Salom) 1901


The Electric Construction Company Ltd 1886-
Britain
(Thomas H. Parker et P. Bedford Elwell) 1896x
Electric Equipment xx ...
Electricia - Contal C system 1901 France
Electricity Council (Enfield) xx Britain
EMP - Electric Motive Power 1897 United States
Electric Passenger Cars & Vans Inc. 1979 United States
Electric Power Storage 1967 Great Britain - Manchester
Electricshaw (Dr. Peter Quandt) 197x Canada - Edmonton, Alberta
Electric Shopper Co 1952- United States - Long Beach,
Electric Car Co. of California Inc. 1962 California
Electric Terrier (British Leyland) 198x Britain
Electric Test One - General Electric et Chrysler 1978 United States
Electric Vehicle Co.
1899-
William C. Whitney, P. A. B. Widener, Anthony N. Brady, Thomas F. United States - Elizabeth, New Jersey
1907
Ryan, et. al.
United States - Rowland Heights,
Electric Vehicle Custom Conversions (Larry Foster) 1995
California
Electric Wheel Company 1915x United States - Quincy, illinois
L'Electrilivreur 193x ...
Electro Automotive (Michael Brown) 1976-... United States - Felton, California
1894-
Electrobat - Morris & Salom United States - Philadelphia
1897
Electro Car Inc 197x United States
1945-
Electrocycle France
1946
L'Electrocyclette (A.E.M.) xx France - Asnières, Seine
1903-
Electrogenia (Louis Krieger) France - Levallois-Perret
1905
Electrolette 1941-
France - Nice
Parisian Company of Electric Cars 1943
1962-
Electro Master - Nepa Manufacturing Company United States - Pasadena, California
1969
French 1898-
France paris
Electromobile Cars Company 1900
1900-
The Electromobile (René Legros and Albert Meynier) France
1901
1901-
Electromobile - British Electromobile Co Ltd Great Britain - London
1920
1906-
Electromobile France
1908
Electromobile 1990 Germany
1900-
Electromotion France - Neuilly sur Seine
1909
United States - Bedford,
Electromotion Inc (Otis et EVA-Chloride) 1973
Massachusetts
1907-
Electron France
1908
Electrona 24 - Silencia Electroped
xx in
(Electromobiles)
Electronic La Saetta - Electronic Motor Car Corp. 1955 United States - Salt Lake City, Utah
1943-
Electro-Renard France - Lyon
1946
Electroscoot 1996 ...
Electrosport 1972- ...
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1976
Electro-Sport 1980 ...
1961- United States
Elektra King - B&Z Electric Car Co.
1976 Long Beach / Signal Hill, California
1922-
Elektric ...
1924
Electric carts 1971 ...
Elestra - Electricity of Strasbourg 1985 France - Strasbourg
1899-
Elgin Automobile Co United States
1900
Propeller 2003 ...
1897-
Elieson Lamina Accumlator Co Ltd Great Britain - London
1901
Eliica
Electric Lithium Ion Car, MM Shimizu et Fukuda, 2005 Japan - Tokyo
université Keio, Tokyo
Elite-Werke AG 1917 Germany - Berlin
1920-
Elite Germany - Brand-Erbisdorf, Saxony
1928
Ellis - Triumph Motor Vehicle Co 1900 Germany - Chicago, Illinois
1919-
Elmo - Electromobile Great Britain - London
1920
Elobil 1981 Germany
Elroy Engineering xx ...
1909-
Elwell-Parker Electric Co United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1910
E. Mobile Technologies GmbH (Arrow, Ulrich Bien) 2003-... Germany - Einbeck
1897-
E.M.P. ...
1900
Endura - Globe-Union 1978 United States
Energine PHEV
2007 Korea
(Pneumatic Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Corée)
United States - West Palm Beach,
Energy Partners - The Green Car 1995
Florida
Enfield Automotive Company 195x-
Great Britain - London / Isle of Wight
Enfield Automotive of London 1976
Justus B Entz
1897 United States - Philadelphia
(Electric Storage Battery)
Automobiles Erad
1990-... France - Aniche, North
(Company Studies and Automobiles Douaisis)
ERE - Rolling Electric Machine 1993-... France
United States - Los Angeles,
Erie & Sturges 1897
California
ERPI-1 1970 U.R.S.S.
E.R. Thomas Motor Company 1901 Canada - Toronto, Ontario
Charles Escoffery 1925 France
Esoro AG 1994-... Germany
ETS Electric (Axel Gringmuth) 1995 Canada - North Vancouver
ETV-1 (U.S. government, DOE et General Electric) 197x United States
ETV-2
197x United States
(Garrett / AiResearch for the US government, DOE)
1974-
E.V.A. - Electric Vehicle Associates United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1982
EVA-Chloride Silent Rider
(Electric Vehicle Associates de Cleveland, 197x United States / Great Britain
Ohio et the Chloride Battery company, GB.)

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E.V.A.C. - Electric Vehicle Association of Canada 1978 Canada


EVI Inc 197x United States - Sterling, Michigan
EVR-1 1977 United States
1992-
Exel Electric Vehicles France - 74 Alby on Cheran
1995
1888-
Exide (The Electric Storage Battery Co.) United States - Philadelphia
1913x
1882-
Express bicycle works Akt. Ges. Germany - Neumark
1901
Eyeball Engineering (Ed Rannberg) 1995 United States - Fontana, California
E-Z-GO 1971 United States

National Factory of Arms of War 1901 Belgium - Herstal


Fairclough Electric Vehicles Ltd 1983 Britain
1941-
FAL - Forges and Workshops of Lyon France - Villeurbanne, Rhone
1948
FAM Automobiles
2008-... France - Technoland Etupes
(Pierre Goll et Pascal Bernard, F-City)
1902-
F.J. Fanning Manufacturing Co United States - Chicago, Illinois
1903
Farmer (Moses Farmer) 1847 Great Britain - Dover
1910-
Faun-Werke AG Germany - Nuremberg
1930
1880-
Camille Faure and Jules Raffard France
1881
1940-
Pierre Faure France paris
1947
1941-
Favel France - Marseille
1943
F.A.W.(First Automobile Works) - China EV1
2003 China
(Thundersky)
Frederick Featherstonhaugh 1893 Canada - Toronto, Ontario
Feel Good Cars xx ...
Fenwick xx ...
Fever Project (Volvo, Air Liquide ..). 2001 Europe
Fiamm 1995 Italy
Fabbricca Italiana di Automobili - FIAT 1901-x Italy, Turin
1899-
Fielder Germany
1900
Fioravanti 1987-... Italy
Fischer 1903 Great Britain - London
1912-
Fischer United States
1913
Ficher Electric 1961 United States
Fisker Automotive Inc. (Henrik Fisker) 2009 United States - Irvine, California
1911-
Flanders Manufacturing Co United States - Pontiac, Michigan
1915
Flankel xx ...
Flinders University xx ...
FN - National War Weapons Factory 1901 Belgium - Herstal
Ford Motor Co 1913-... United States / England / Germany
Formula EV X-01 (Japanese EV club) xx ...
Phil Foss 1998 United States
1898-
Foster Automobile Manufacturing Co United States - Rochester, New York
1905

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F.R.A.M. 1911- Germany


1935
Frazer-Nash 2001 United States
1978-
Free-Way - H-M Vehicles Inc. United States - Minnesota
1979
Freight-Rover (British Leyland) 197x-... Great Britain - Birmingham
French Electrical Power Storage Co (Riffard) 1883 France
198x-
Fridez-Solar Suisse
199x
1904-
Fritchle Automobile & Battery Co United States - Denver, Colorado
1922
Early (Early Pietro) 1979 Italy - Moncalieri
Fuldamobil
1950-
electrical equipment company Germany - Fulda
1960
Elektromaschinenbau Fulda GmbH
bolt xx Italy
Melted 2007 Japan
United States - Mission Viejo,
Futura Propulsion Systems (Don Moriaty) 1995
California

Galileo 1904 Italy - Florence?


Gallia (Galliette)
1903-
companies The Electric and SFAE France paris
1908
(French Automobile Electric)
1911-
Galt Motor Company Canada - Galt/Cambridge, Ontario
1935
1898-
Garcin (B.G.S.) France
1903
Garon xx ...
1894-
Garrard & Blumfield Great Britain - Coventry
1896
Garrett Corporation 1978-
United States
(G.E./Chrysler and Garrett Electric Vehicle) 1979
1905- United States - Peabody,
Gas-Au-Lec
1906 Massachussets
Gateau International 1982 France - Vendée
Gautier-Wehrle 1894-
France
(Continental Society of Automobiles) 1904
United States - Schenectady New
G.E. - General Electric Co 197x
York
1898-
G.E.C. ...
1902
1910-
Geha - Elektromobilfabrik Gebhardt & Harborn Allemagne - Berlin-Schöneberg
1923
Ernst Heinrich Geist 1901 Germany - Cologne
GEM
1906-
Societe Generale Electro-Mechanical France - Puteaux, Seine
1910
(Léonce Girardot)
GEM - Global Electric Motorcars 2005-... United States
GEMCAR (Daimler-Chrysler)
2002-
NEV (Neighborhood Electric Vehicle, Germany / United States
2003
neighborhood electric vehicle or nearby)
General Cab Co xx Britain
1898-
General Electric Automobile Co (GE) United States - Philadelphia, Pa.
1901
1898- Etats-Unis
General Electric Co
1920 Massachussets / Cincinnati, Ohio
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General Electric Co 1901- United States - Schenectady New


1904 York
General Electric - Chrysler (General Electric US et Chrysler
1978 United States
Corporation)
General Electric 1978-... United States
General Engines Company Inc. 1977-
United States - Sebring
(Commuter Vehicles Inc.) 1979
General Gulf Electric (Enfield 8000) 1974 United States
General Motors 1964-... United States
General Vehicle Co Incorporated (GeVeCo) 1906-
United States - Brooklyn
(General Electric Automobile Co trucks) 1919
Geo-EV 2005 Korea
Geo Quad 2006 Italy
George Filing 194x France
Society of Former Establishments Georges Richard 1899 France
Gepebus 2001 France
1966-
Ghia (Alessandro de Tomaso) Italy
1968
Giannini 1967 Italy
Gibbs 1903 ...
Gibson Electric Vehicle Co 1900? Canada - Ontario
Gillonier 2002 ...
Ginetta Cars Ltd 2008 Great Britain - Garforth, Leeds
Giugaro Alessandro Volt 2004 Italy
Gizmo xx ...
1897-
Gladiator-Pingaud Britain
1898
1998-
Global Electric Motorcars ...
2000
Global Light & Power 1995 United States - Sandpoint, Idaho
Globe-Union Maxima xx ...
GMC Electrics 1912 -
United States - Pontiac
(General Motors Truck Company) 1924
GMT - Greenheart Millenium Transport Ltd 2000 Great Britain - London
G.M.U.R. 1914 ...
Goliath (LIA - Lead Industries Association) 1974 United States
Gomotors 2006 France / China
Gorilla Vehicles United States
1999-...
a division of Doran Motor Company, Inc. Huntington Beach, California
United States - Rolling Meadows,
Gould Inc. 1979
Illinois
Goupil Industry 1996-... France - 47 Aiguillon
Gram
1901 France - Levallois-Perret
Company Accumulators Compound
United States - North Hollywood,
Green Motor Works (Bill Meurer) 1995
California
Green Propulsion 2002 France
Greenwheel Electric Vehicle Co Ltd 2008-... Chine - Shenzen
1910-
Grinnell Electric Car Co United States - Detroit MI
1915
groats xx-... France - 47 Aiguillon
1979-
Grumann - Grumann-Olson (Grumann Corporation) United States
1982
GTE
1980 United States - Florida
companies GTE phones

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Gulf & Western Industries Inc 1980 ...


Gurgel 1978 Brazil
Louis Gyory xx ...

HABO-1 (Habo - Shanghai - Chemical Technical Co Ltd)


2004 China
Huda3 (Hunan University)
Hagen - Kolner Accumulatorenwerke Gottfried Hagen 1903-1908 Germany - Cologne-Kalk
Halladay Motor Car Company (Streator Automobile &
1905-1922 United States - Streator, Illinois
Manufacturing Company)
Harbilt Electric Vehicle Co 1971 Great Britain - Manchester
Harrods 1939 Britain
Hart (Ernest W. Hart) 1900-1903 United States
Hautier
1899-1905 France paris
(Hautier Patent Operations)
Hawa - Hanoversche Waggonfabrik AG 1923-1935 Germany - Hanover
Headland Patent Electric Storage Battery Co Ltd 1897-1901 Great Britain - London
Healy & Co 1903-1916 United States - New York
Gottfried Hegan 1922 Allemagne - Kalk near Cologne
J.J. Heilmann 1897-1900 France - Le Havre
Helios 1985-1990 Suisse - Niederuzwill
Helios (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) 1999-... Greece
France - Combs the City, Seine et
Helvetia (Jacques Fischer-Hinnen) 1898-1900
Marne
Henney Kilowatt
1958-1964 United States
Henney Motor Company Division - Eureka Williams Corporation
John C. Henry 1902 United States - Denver; Colorado
Henschel 1899-1906 Germany - Berlin
Nuremberg Hercules Works Act. Ges. 1901 Germany - Nurenberg
1906 -
Hercules (James McNoughton Co) United States - Chicago IL
1907
Heuliez (Argentum Motors group) 2004-... France - The Pine
Hevan - Energy Research Development Corporation 1977 United States
Hewitt-Lindstrom Electric Co 1900-1901 United States - Chicago, Illinois
High Speed Motors Ltd 1967 Britain
Gardner D. Hiscox 1900 United States
H-M Vehicles Inc. - Free-Way 1978-1981 United States - Minnesota
HMMVEE xx ...
John Hoke xx ...
Holson 1901 ... Minnesota
1891 -
Holtzer-Cabot Co United States - Brookline MA
1893
gay xx ...
Honda 1994-... Japan
Hoosier Scout
1914 - United States - Indianapolis IN
(Warren Electric & Machine Co)
Hope Automotive Industry 1985 Denmark
Horlacher AG - Max Horlacher and Gerhard Obrist 1986-1990 Switzerland - Mohlin
Hotzenblitz Mobile GmbH - Ibach et Suhl 1995 Germany
HSV 412 xx ...
The Hub Motor Co 1899-1900 United States - Chicago, illinois
Hudson 1914 United States
J. Hudson 1975 Great Britain - Doncaster
Hummer xx ...
Hummingbird (Electric Passenger Car) 197x ...
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Hupp-Yeats Electric Car Co - Hupp Corporation - RCH


1911-1919 United States
Corporation
Hybicon Centaur Ii xx ...
Hymer Teamo
(Johann Tomforde, True Electric Auto Mobility) 2008-... Germany - Bad Waldsee
(Robert Craig Hupp)
Hymotion 2007 Canada
Hyundai 1993-x South Korea

I-Swing 2005 Japan


I2B Reus Concept 2007 ...
I.A.D. Cat - Clean Air Transport
1992 Britain
(International Automotive Design)
Idea 2001-2002 Italy
Ideal Motor Car Co. 1905-1906 United States - Cleveland, Ohio
Ideal Electric Co of Chicago 1909-1914 United States - Chicago, Illinois
IEH - Intelligent Energy Holdings plc 2005 ...
Ihresher Electric Co 1901 United States - Dayton, Ohio
Illinois Electric Vehicle Co 1897-1901 United States - Chicago, illinois
Moritz Immisch 1894-1897 France
Immisch & Magnus people 1888 England - London
United States / Great Britain? -
Imperial - Anti-Vibrator Company Limited 1904-1908
Croydon
Impulse Innovation xx ...
Induhag xx ...
1921-
Industry & Commerce GMbH Germany
1930x
Infiniti Division (Reanult-Nissan) 2009 Japan / USA - Carson, California
Innovep
1998-... France - 12 Rodez
(professional electric vehicle)
International Automobile Me 1942 Netherlands - The Hague
International Motor Car Co. (Waverley) 1901-1902 United States, Indianapolis
Interurban (F. A. Woods Auto Co) 1905 - United States - Chicago IL
Irca (Philippe Boursin) 1974-1979 France - 93
Irisbus xx-... France / Italy
Irmscher GmbH 1994-1995 Allemagne - Remshalden-Grunbach
ISE Corporation 1995-... United States - Poway, CA
Isuzu xx Japan
Ivanohe
1903-1905 Canada - Toronto, Ontario
(H.P. Maxim, Canada Cycle & Motor Co.)
Iveco 1998-... Italy
IZA
1993-1994 Japan - Tokyo
H Ishitani, Engineering Department, University of Tokyo

Jack Frost Electric xx ...


Hermann von Jacobi 1834-1839 Russia - Saint Petersburg
Jaeger 1942 ...
Charles Jeantaud 1893-1906 France paris
Jeep 2003-... United States
Thomas B. Jeffery Co 192x United States - Kenosha, Wisconsin
Camille Jenatzy
1895-1905 Belgium / France
General Society of Motor Transport
Jenkins Automobile Co 1901-1906 United States - Washington
Jet Industries 197x United States

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Jinghua (Beijing) Coach Co Ltd 2004 China


(Tsinghua University)
J.M.J. Electronics Corporation xx United States
Joel (National Motor Carriage Syndicate Ltd) 1899-1902 Great Britain - London
Joel-Rosenthal 1899-1902 Great Britain - London
Gérard Jumeaux 1987-19x France
Juying
2004 China
(Changsha Unite Electromotion Technology Co Ltd)
American Juvenile Electric 1905-1907 United States

1921-
Kaha - Electromobilwerk Kaha Gmbh Germany - Wasseralfingen
1922
Joachim Kamm 2006 Germany
Kammann Manufacturing Co 1903 ...
Career Motors xx ...
Kawasaki 2003 Japan
KAZ 2005 ...
Keller-Dagenhart
1893 United States - Chicago
(Emil E. Keller and Fred Dagenhart)
1899-
Kensington Automobile Co United States - Buffalo, New York
1904
Kensington (Mildé) 1903 Britain
Kewet Buddy (Elbil Norge AS) 1992-... Norway
Kia Motors 1993-... Korea
United States - Boston,
Fred M. Kimball 1888
Massachussets
1910-
C.P. Kimball & Co United States - Chicago, Illinois
1913
1959-
Kish Industries United States - Lansing, Michigan
1963
1913-
Kissel (Esterline System) United States
1914
1895-
Clown France paris
1909
1899-
C. Kliemt Wagenfabrik Germany - Berlin
1901
Klinger - W. Klinger Fahrzeugtechnik AG 1985 Switzerland - Küttigen
Könlner Elektricitats Gesellshaft
1901 Germany - Cologne
(form Louis Welter & Co)
Dr Karl Kordesch 1970 United States
Louis Krieger
1897-
Parisian Company of Electric Cars France paris
1909
(Krieger process)
1901-
Adolphe Kruger Germany - Berlin
1905
1903-
Krüger-Brasier (Indusmine) France
1906
1899-
Krüse Germany - Hambourg
1901
KTA Services (Ken Koch) 1995 United States - Upland, California
1898-
Ern. Kuhlstein Wagenbau Germany - Berlin-Charlottenburg
1902

Lad Industries 1970 United States


Lada 2004 Russia
La Gallia 1903-1908 France paris
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Laguna Electric Car Company 1970 United States - Westminster,


(ex-Bee Engineering Company) California
Laher Spring & Electric Car Corp. 1961-1968 United States
Land Rover 2008 Britain
Lansden Co United States - Newark NJ /
1904-1912
(John M Lansden Jr) Danbury CT
Larel Elektromobil 1988 ...
The Electronic Car (Jarret brothers) 1968-1975 France
United States - Las Vegas, New
Lectra Motors Inc - The Electric Car Co. 1980-1981
York
Lectran 1975 United States
The dolphin 1941-1942 France paris
J. Lefert 1901-1905 Belgium - Ghent
Legros "The Simplest"
1901-1902 France - Fécamp
(René Legros)
The Electric 1895 Belgium - Brussels
The Electric 1906-1907 France
United States - Las Vegas, New
Lektricar - Western Research Industries 197x-198x
York
Lem (Gianni Rogliatti - Michelotti) 1974 ...
L.E.M.S. - London Electro-Mobile Syndicate 1903-1904 Great Britain - London
United States - Hartford,
Lenox - Maxim & Goodridge 1908-1918 Connecticut
Boston, Massachussets
Lepoix (Louis Lepoix) 1973 France - Enghien les Bains
Lexus (Toyota US) 2005-... Japan / United States
Leyland 1985 Britain
Lightfoot (Bike-car) 2002 United States
Lightning Car Company 2008-... Great Britain - Peterborough
Lightning Rod
(Ed Rannberg of Eyeball Engineering and Lloyd Healey 1997 United States
of Healey Motorsports)
1992 -
Automobiles Ligier (Guy Ligier) France - Vichy
2005...
United States
Lindslet - J.V. Lindsley & Co 1908-... Seymour, Indiana / Dowagiac,
Michigan
Lindstrom 1899 United States
Linear Alpha 197x United States - Skokie, Illinois
Liquid Air Company 1903 ...
Löhner - Löhner-Porsche 1896-1906 Austria - Vienna
the London Electrical Cab Company 1892 - 1899 Great Britain - London
London Electro-Mobile Syndicate (LEMS) 1903-1904 Great Britain - London
London Taxi International 2005 Britain
Lucania (Carl Opperman) 1901-1905 Grande-Bretagne - Clerkenwell, EC
Lucas 197x-1983 Britain
Luciole (Hiroshi Shimizu) 1997 Japan
Lumeneo (Daniel and Thierry Moulène) 2008-... France
Lunar Rover Vehicle - Boeing Co (Apollo) 1971 United States
Lunokhod I 1970 U.R.S.S.
Allemagne - Ludwigshafen on the
Lux (Luxwerke Akt. Ges.) 1897-1902
Rhine
Lyman Metal Products Corp 1979 United States
Lyon Laboratory xx ...
Lyra (ABIS - Microcar) 1992 France
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M113 APC (Hybrid Military Vehicle) 2002 United States


Maass E-Mobile Penguin (Fridez Maass) 1990 Germany - Stuttgart
Mack 2005 United States
MacKenzie 1899 Great Britain - Lambeth
Madelvic Motor Carriage Co Ltd 1897-1900 Great Britain - Granton, Edinburgh
Maggiora 2000 Italy
Magna xx ...
Maini Reva 2002-2005... Yes - Bengalore
Man - Maschinenfabrik Augsburn Nurnberg 1974-... Germany - Nuremberg
Maranello 2005-... Italy
Marathon Electric Vehicles Inc. 1976-1983x Canada
Marden (Teddy House) 1975 France - Neuilly - Offranville
Marketeer Company (Merle Williams) United States - Redlands,
1946-1979x
Electric Marketeer Mfg Co, Nordco Marketeer electric vehicles California
United States - Long Beach,
Marketour Electric Cars 1957-1968
California
Mars (Electric Fuel Propulsion) 1966-... United States
Matra - Matra-GEM
(SA Matra engines, Aviation-Traction mechanics, 1965-... France - Romorantin
Jean-Luc Lagardère, former René Bonnet)
Maxion 1999 United States
Maxwerke
1899-1903 Germany - Cologne
Electricity Und Automobile Company Harff & Scwharz AG
Automobiles Mazda 1971-... Japan
Mazzieri 1998 ...
MBB -Messerschmitt Bölkow Blohm 1971 Germany
McKee Engineering Corporation 1973 United States
McKenzie Carriage Works - Lambeth 1899-1901 Great Britain - London
McLaughlin Electrics - McLaughlin Carriage Company Ltd xx Canada - Oshawa, Ontario
McLouth Stainless Steel 1961 United States
MDI
1991-... France
(Motor Development International, Guy Nègre)
Melex (Leyvraz & Uhlig) 1973-... Switzerland - Geneva
Menominee 1915 ...
Mercedes Benz 1970-... Germany
Mercury 1992-... United States
MES-DEA SA 1970-... Switzerland - Stabio
Metrocubo (Pininfarina) 2001 Italy
Michelin - PSI 2004 France
Michelotti 1973 Italy
Microcar 1980 -
France
Automotive Department of Nautical Buildings Janneau 2005...
Micro-Vett 1998 Italy
The Milburn Wagon Co
1914-1923 United States - Toledo, Ohio
(George Milburn)
Mildé et Mondos - Charles Mildé & Cie 1898-1909 France paris
Mildé - Krieger (La Licorne) 1941-1943 France paris
Miles Electric Vehicles 2004-... United States - California
Etats-Unis
Milner ElectriCar 2005-...
Vancouver WA and Bethesda MD
Mini (BMW) ...-... Germany
Minicars Inc, 198x United States - Goleta CA
Mini-El City - El-Trans 1988-2002 Denmark - Sweden - Randers - ...
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Minipho (D. Boutet, J. Sattler and A. Randall) 1970 ...


Mitsubishi Motors 1995-x Japan
United States - Long Beach,
Mobilette Electric Cars 1959-1969
California
Monnard 1899 France
Montex 1973 United States
Moretti 1967 Italy
Morgan 1904-1905 Britain
Morgan Motor Co 2005-... Britain
Morris & Salom - Electrobat
1895-1897 United States
(Henry Morris et Pedro Salom)
Morrison Electric
1887-1896 United States - Des Moines, Iowa
(William Morrison)
Morrison-Sturges 1895 United States
Electricity Company Mors 1940-1945 France paris
Mota - Banning Electrical Products Corporation 1953 United States
Motette
1900-1903 Canada
(Canadian Motors Ltd)
Motorfahrzeung and Motorenfabrik Aktiengesellschaft 1901 Germany - Marienfelde-Berlin
Mowag Motorwagen fabrik AG 1985 Switzerland - Kreuzlingen
MS-DEA 2005 ...
M.T.R.A. - Wavecrest Laboratories 2005 France - Romorantin
Munson 1899-1902 ...
Murill Motors Co xx ...
Myers Motors (ex-Corbin Sparrow) 2004-... United States - Tallmadge, Ohio
NAG - New Automobile Association
1902-1934 Germany - Berlin
(Emil Ratheneau, ex-AAG)

Namag 1912 Germany


NASA 2008 United States
1900-
National Automobile and Electric Co - National Motor Vehicle Co United States - Indianapolis, Indiana
1904
National Union Electric (Russell Feldman - Renault Dauphine) 1959 United States
Neale 1897 ...
New & Maine Ltd 1901 Great Britain - London
New England 1899- United States - Boston,
(Electric Vehicle Co) 1901 Massachussets
1902-
New Century - Suffield & Brown Great Britain - London
1903
Newteon ecofriendly vehicles 2006-... <
Nice Car Company (Mega City d'Aixam-Mega Group) 2005 <
Nic-L-Silver 1958 United States
1948-
Nelco Electric Company Great Britain - Surrey
1950
Nissan 1970-… Japan
Nitta Sangyo Co 1950 Japan
Noram Concepts Inc, e-Roadsters Division xx-… United States - Redondo Beach, Ca
Noval xx France - Reuilly
Nu-Kar (Glen Stevens) 1995 United States - Collierville, Tenessee
1959-
Do not Klea United States - Lansing, Michigan
1963

Obvious ! Automotoveiculos SA xx-… Brazil - Rio de Janeiro


Oehler Aarau Electro Taxi xx ...

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Ohio Electric Car Co 1908-1918 United States - Toledo


Olds (Ransom E. Olds) 1900-1901 United States
Oldsmobile 1896-x United States - Detroit, Michigan
Omega Motors 1979 United States
Omnobil
1922-1924 Germany
Deutsche Elektromobil und Motorenwerke AG ou Wasseralfingen
Opel 1979-... Germany
Open - Start Lab SpA 2006 Italy - Garbagnate Milanese
Opperman (Carl Opperman) 1896-1907 Great Britain - London
Optimal Energy (CEO Kobus Meiring) 2005-... South Africa - Cape Town
Orwell xx ...
Oshkosh Corporation 2005 United States - Oshkosh, WI
Otis Electric - Otis Elevator Co 197x ...
OvOBike (Gilles Martin) 2005 France
Owen Magnetic - Crown Magnetic
1914-1921 United States - Cleveland, Ohio
(Ray M. Owen, ex-Baker Rauch & Lang)

Grande-Bretagne - Feltham,
P & G (Pritchetts and Gold) 1903
Middlesex
Charles B. Page 1851 United States
Palcan 2003 Canada
Panhard 1954 France
Panhard - Oerlikon 1929 France
Pargo - Columbia Car Corporation 1970 United States
1948-
Paris-Rhone France
1949
Thomas Parker 1884 Great Britain - London
1905-
Parsons Electric Motor Carriage Co United States - Cleveland, Ohio
1906
1927-
Edouard Parvillé France paris
1929
1898-
Patin & Becquillard France paris
1901
Paupe 1942 France
1912-
Peck Canada - Toronto, Ontario
1913
Pedal Power (General Engines) 1982 ...
Pedal 1973 ...
1962-
Peel Engineering Company Ile de Man
1965
1907-
Perl - Automobilfabrik Perl AG Author - Reading
1907
Peugeot cars 1892-... France
Pfander AG 1985 Germany - Dübendorf
Pfluger - Vereinigte Accumulatoren und Electricitätswerke
1900 Germany - Berlin
Pflüger & Co
PGE - Progretti Gestioni Ecologiche SpA (Brussels Electric Vehicle
1983 Italy - Milan
Experimentt)
1910-
Phipps-Grinnell Automobile Co United States - Detroit, Michigan
1915
Piaggio & C. S.p.a. 198x-… Italy
1899-
Public limited company Pieper Belgium - Liège
1901
Pierce Arrow (Nikola Tesla) 1931 United States - Buffalo, New York
Pilcar - Carville (Franco Sbarro) 1977- Switzerland
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1978 Chêne-Bourg / Clarens / Corcelles


Penguin electromobile m. solar cells 1988 ...
Pininfarina 1978-... Italy
1904-
Pipe Belgium - Ghent
1905
H. Piper 1905 United States
Piper Design 2002 Great Britain - London
Pivco 1991-
Sweden / Norway
(Personal Independent Vehicle Company, Think en 1999) 1999
Pohlman KG 1988 Germany - Kulmb
Pommeroy - The Pomeroy Motor Vehicle Co 1902 United States - Brooklyn, New York
Ponticelli Frères
-… France - 77 Gretz Armainvilliers
branch PVI (Ponticelli Véhicules Industriels)
1895-
Pope Manufacturing Company - Pope-Hartford United States - Hartford, Connecticut
1898
1903-
Pope-Waverley Motor Car Company, Waverley Departement United States - Indianapolis
1907
Porquerolles (formerly The Electronic Car) 1972 France
Autriche / Allemagne
Porsche (Dr. Ing. HoF Porsche AG) 1899-…
Gmund / Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen
1898-
Potin & Regulart France
1900
1897-
Paul Pouchain France - Armentières
1901
Powell & Cie 1967 Wales
United States - Boston,
Philip W. Pratt xx
Massachussets
Prince 1952 ...
1903-
Pritchett & Gold Great Britain - Middlesex
1904
Procotip - Simca 1000 1971 France - Montpellier
Prodim xx-… France - 13 Vitrolles
1986-
Project Plus - Automobiles Silaos France - Dieppe
1987
Pascal Prouteau 1993 France
Provincial 1905 France
PSA Peugeot-Citroën xx-… France
Electric Truck PURREY System 1908 France

Qingshan
2004 China
(Baokang - Hubei - Qingshan Energy Research Institute)
QingYuan - QYEV
2003 China
(Tianjing Electrical Vehicle Research Center)
Quinby (Leitner system) xx United States
A. Querey
1901 France
(light gensets )
Quincy-Lynn Enterprises (Urba) xx ...

R-1 (South Coast Technology) xx ...


Raffard 1881-1890 France
Ragonot 1974 France
Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies, Ltd. 1925 Great Britain - Ipswich
breeds 2005 ...
Etats-Unis
Rauch & Lang (Raulang) 1904-1945
Cleveland, Ohio / Chicopee Falls

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3/19/2019 Philippe B. de l'Arc - History of the electric car

Red Bug 1924-1928 United States - Newark NJ


(Automotive Electric Service Corp)
Regina - Electricity Company
1903-1908 France paris
(Gallia)
Remington 1900-1901 United States
Renaissance Cars (Bob Beaumont, design Jim Muir) xx United States
Renault 1925-x France
Renominee Electric Manufacturing Co 1915 United States - Renominee Michigan
Reselco 1935 ...
Reuter Electric xx ...
Reva (Raoul Panenti) 1987 France - Nice
Reva Electric Car Company Pvt. Ltd (Maini) 2001-... Yes - Bengalore
Revelli 1941 ...
G. Richard Establishments 1901 France - Paris / Ivry-Port
A.L. Ricker 1890 United States
Rickshaw (Roy Haynes) 1975 Grande-Bretagne - Witham, Essex
Riker Electric Motor Co. - Riker Eklectric Vehicle Co.
1888-1901 United States - Brooklin, New York
(Andrew Lawrence Riker)
Robert Q. Riley Enterprises 1986- ... United States
Ripp Electric (W.E.Rippel) 197x ...
Rickshaw 1998 ...
Riva - Solec Riva
1992 Suisse - Safnern / Berne
(Solec Solar - Elektromobil AG - Solec AG)
The Roadley Automobile Co Ltd 1954 Britain
C. E. Roberts (Chicago Steel Screw Co) 1897 United States - Chicago
Rocaboy - Rocaboy-Kirchn + G2929er
1972-... France - Paris 19
(Marcel Rocaboy and Georges Kirchner)
Roch xx France - Lyon
Ippolit Romanov xx Russia
Roos Auto Engineering Stallion xx ...
Lucien Rosary - Alsace 1991 France
Routelec (Philippe Leclère, scooter) 2003 France
Rover (ex-Coventry Machinist Company) ... Great Britain - Coventry
Rowan 1967-1969 Sweden
Royal Automobile Co 1905 United States - Chicago, Illinois
Ruspacromo 1985 Italy
RWE
1969-1988 Germany - Essen
(Rheinsch-Westfälische-Elektrizitätswerk)

Saab-Scania xx Sweden
Sachische Accumulators Werke Akt. Scourge. 1901 Germany - Dresden
SACM
1925 France
Alsatian Mechanical Construction Company
Sir David Salomons 1874 Britain
San Diego Electric Auto Co. (Ron Larrea) 1995 United States - Lakeside, California
Santana Fuel Cell Car
2004 China
(Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Powertrain Co Ltd)
Sanyo 1992 Japan
SATAM 1941-
France - La Courneuve
Société Anonyme for All Mechanical Apparatus 1943
satme xx France
Saturn 2006-... United States
Saurer AG (ex-Adolph Saurer AG) xx Switzerland - St. Georgian
SB Automobilgesellschaft mbH (Slaby Behringer) 1920- Germany - Berlin
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1923
Franco Sbarro 1993-... Italy
Scammell Lorries Ltd xx Britain
Scamp 1969
Scania xx Sweden
1899-
Heinrich Scheele Germany - Cologne
1910
Max Schneider 1901 Germany - Dresden-Loebtau
1974-
Scholl Auto Electrics (Pierre Scholl - SSP) Switzerland - Fririer
1992
1899-
Schuckert Germany
1900
Paul Schulze 1901 Germany - Oggersheim
Scooto 2004 ...
1899-
Scott Automobile Co United States - St Louis
1903
SCT ITT Continental Baking Van
198x United States - Dearborn, Lichigan
(South Coast Technology)
S.C.U.T. (South China University of Technology) 2004 China
2005-
Sceadu Design of Spokane (Dave Mounce) United States - Arizona
2006
Sears XDH-1 (Roebuck and Company) 1978 ...
1974-
Sebring Vanguard, Inc., Electric Vehicles (CitiCar) United States
1976
Secma (Fun-Tech) 2003 France - Gennevilliers
SEER
European Society of Electromobiles Rochelaises 1986 France
La Rochelle
SEER Volta-EMC (SEER VOLTA - EMC Electro Mobil AG) 1991-... Suisse
Segway LLC (Dean Kamen) 2001-... United States
S.E.V. - Showcase Electric Vehicle
1993 United States
(Calstart) - Californie
SFAE 1898-
France - Paris / Levallois
French Society of Electric Automobiles (Opperman) 1901
Shanghai EV Scooter
2004 China
(Shanghai Electrical Vehicle Development Center)
Shell Road Roller 00 - Eco-Marathon Shell 2002 ...
Sherpa Electric Van (Freight Rover BL) 197x England
Siemens - Siemens-Schuckert - Siemens &: Halske 1879-
Germany - Berlin
(Werner von Siemens) 192x
Silencia Electroped - Electrona 24
xx in
(Electromobiles)
Silence PT2
2006-... France
(Paul Laprade, EBW partnership and T-Rex Vehicles Inc.
Silver Eagle (Jack Reed) 1971 United States
Silver Sofa (Bob Schneeveis) 2005 United States
Silver Volt - Electric Auto Corporation 1979-... Puerto Rico
1905-
Silvertown Co Great Britain - London
1910
Silvestri 1901 Italy - Milan
Simca 1958 France
Simson (Etablissements Bignières) 1995 Germany - Suhl / France - Bègles
1984-
Sinclair (Sir Clive Sinclair) Britain
1985
Sita xx ...

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3/19/2019 Philippe B. de l'Arc - History of the electric car

Skoda 1991-x Rep. Czech


Sky Cab 1992 Sweden
Slattery - Fort Wayne Jenny Electric Light Co 1889 United States - ...
S-LEM - Swiss light electromobiles 1999 Suisse
SLEVE - Société Lyonnaise for the Exploitation
1927-... France - Lyon
of Electric Vehicles (Schlumberger)
S.L.F.C.-Tourist-1
2004 China
Shenli (Shanghai) Technical Co Ltd
Smart 2005-... Germany
1916-
Smith Flyer - Auto Red Bug United States - Milwaukee
1928
Smith's Electric Vehicles Ltd xx Great Britain - Gateshead
Smiths Electric Vehicles Ltd 1985 Great Britain - Gateshead
Socovel (Limelette Frères) 1941 Belgium
Softcar Redigo (Rotoméca - Dièdre Design à Versailles, Yvelines et
2008-... France - Mornac, Charente
Endeavor à Bulle, Suisse)
Solar Car Corp. (Doug Cobb) 1995 United States - Indianlantic, Florida
Solar Electric Engineering Inc. (Gary Starr) 1995 United States - Sebastopol, California
Solargen xx ...
Solartaxi (Louis Palmer) 2007-... Switzerland - Bern
Solar Van - Commuter Vehicle Inc. 1978 United States - Florida
1991-
Solec AG - Solec, Solar and Electromobile AG Suisse - Safnern / Berne
1992
Solectria United States - Wilmington,
1994 - ...
(Geo Metro Electric, James Worden) Massachusetts
Solelhada 2006 France - Toulouse
Soleq Corp 198x ...
1900-
Solignac France paris
1904
Electra 750 only 1981 Germany
1992-
Solon ...
1994
Sony 1970 Japan
Soubitez xx ...
South Coast Scooter - Travel Electric xx-...
Sovel 1925-
France - Saint-Etienne / Villeurbanne
(Society of Electric Vehicles) 1977
Sperry - Cleveland Screw Co
1900 United States - ...
(Elmer Ambrose Sperry)
Spi Tri - Structural Plastics 1985 ...
Spijkstaal 1955-... Netherlands
Spirra (Oullim Motors) 2009 Korea
Sports Rider (Kelsen Manufacturing Inc) 1963-... United States - Stanton, California
SSI Racing (Simple Solutions Inclusive) 1988-... United States - San Diego, Ca
1992-
SSP SA - Pierre Scholl - Scholl Sun Power Switzerland - Fririer
2000
Stadia Citycab 2006-... Finland
S.T.A.E. xx Italy
1911-
Standard Car Manufacturing Co United States - Jackson, Michigan
1915
JK Starkley 1880 Britain
1959-
Starlite (Kish Industries) United States - Lansing, Michigan
1963
1903-
Starr ...
1904
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Start Lab S.p.A. 1998-... Italy - Milan


Start Two
2004 China
(Tongji University - Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Powertrain Co Ltd)
Station Car 1994 ...
Stearns & Co 1901 United States - Syracuse
Suisse
Steinbock AG (electric car Pöhlmann EL) 1982-...
Essen et Pöhlmann KG, Kulmbach
Steinmetz Electric Motor Corp 1920-
United States - Baltimore, Maryland
(Charles Steinmetz) 1927
1941-
Stela - Light Electric Traction Service with Accumulator France - Villeurbanne, Rhone
1948
1906-
Stella ...
1913
Stevens Vehicles LTD xx-... Britain
Steyr-Diamant - Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG 1988 Switzerland - Steffisburg
Industry STI
1994-... France - Angouleme
( Industrial Technologies Corporation, Mr. Penouty)
1921-
Stigler SA Italy - Milan
1932
Still Electric - W.J. Still 1893 Canada - Toronto
St Louis Electric Automobile Co 1899-
United States - St Louis
(A. L. Dyke) 1901
Stoewer 1901 Germany - Stettin
C. Ornaments 1901 Germany - Dresden
Storms 1915 ...
1941-
Story ...
1944
Sibrandus Stratingh xx Pays-Bas - Groningen
1989-
Stromboli - Ingenieurburo Eisenring Suisse - Niederuzwil
1994
1900-
Strong & Rogers Co United States - Cleveland; Ohio
1901
Stuart Motors Inc. 1962 United States - Kalamazoo, Michigan
1900-
Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Co United States - Southbend, New York
1912
1895-
Sturges Electric Motor Cycles Co United States - Chicago, Illinois
1901
Subaru 1971-... Japan
Sun-Craft 1988 ...
Sundancer (McKee Engineering) 1974 ...
1992-
Sunray (Sunel AG) Switzerland - Effretikon
1995
Supercarbon (Gérard Jumeaux) 1992 France
Suzuki 1992-... Japan
SVD (Steen V. Jensen) 1985-x Danemark - Auning
EVS - Electric Vehicles Company
2004-... France
(Dassault Group)
1992-
Swatchmobile (Nicolas Hayek) Suisse
1996
1904-
Synnestvedt ...
1908
Syracuse Automobile Co 1899-
United States - Syracuse, New York
William Van Wagoner 1903

T3 Motion, Inc. 2003-... United States, Costa Mesa, Ca


Tama-Tachikawa Aircraft Company 1947-1951 Japan
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3/19/2019 Philippe B. de l'Arc - History of the electric car

Tang Hua (Li Shi Guang Ming, Book of Songs) 2006 China
them the 2005 ...
Tango 2003 ...
Tasso - Green Company Spa/Melex 2005 ...
Tata Motors 2003-... in
Tate 1912-1914 Canada
Taylor-Dunn (R.D. Taylor) 1949-1966 United States - Los Angeles
TD P972 Z - YongJiu / Forever 2004 China
Technam xx France
Technobus 1998 Italy
TVE - Teilhol Electric Car
1971-... France - 63 Ambert / Courpière
(ACL Teilhol - Company Teilhol)
Tel Aviv University Solar Electrical Research Car 1980 Israel
Accumulators TEM (Y. Fossard) 1922-... France - Bordeaux / Pessac
Tender Electric Vehicles - Scarlette xx-... France
United States - San Carlos,
Tesla Motors Inc. 1971-...
California
The Triton - Zzipper
198x United States
(Sebring Auto-Cycle, Jim Tervort, ex-Commuter Vehicles)
THEV IV (Tang Eng Iron Works) xx ...
Theyer, Rothmund & Cie 1901 Germany - Berlin
Emile Thiem 1901 Germany - Berlin
Th!nk (Ford Motor Company, ex-Pivco) 2001-... United States / Norway
Think (KamKorp) 2006-... Norway
United States - Plainfield, New
Andrew C. Thompson 1901-1902
Jersey
Thouvenin 1912 France paris
Thrige (T.B. Thrige) 1909-1918 Denmark
Thresher Ekectric Co 1901 United States, Dayton, Ohio
Thrupp & Maberly 1896 Spain
ThunderSky 2000 W 2004 China
Thury 1904 Switzerland - Geneva
Tiffany (The Roy Pelletier) 1913-1914 United States - Flint MI
Tiger Truck 2005 ...
Tilling-Stevens Motors Ltd 1916-... Great Britain - Maidstone
T.I.R.L.
1967 Britain
Tube Investments Research Laboratories - Essex
1976-
Titan Inc. United States
1978x
TNO Automotive Hybrid Carlab 2005 ...
Tom Boy (M. Nishida) 1987 Japan
TOP (Zero Pollution Taxi, Guy Negro) 2001 France
Toyo Kogyo (Automobiles Mazda) xx Japan
Toyota 1965-... Japan
T.P. Laboratories xx ... - Yare
Transformer - Electric Fuel Propulsion 1978-1979 ...
TRégie-Renault 1980 France
Tribelhorn - Electrische Fahrzeuge AG 1899-1920 Switzerland - Feldbach
Trident (Taylor-Dunn Manufacturing Co.) 1961-1963 United States
Triumph Electric 1900-1901 United States - Chicago IL
Société anonyme des Usines de Tropenbourg
1901 Netherlands - Amsterdam
(former Spyker brothers' house)
Etats-Unis
Tropica (Renaissance Cars Inc.) 1995-...
"Florida only" project
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Gustave Found 1880-1881 France paris


Turinelli & Piezza 1898 Italy - Milan
Twike 1995-... ...
Twip xx ...

UK Hero (Hybrid Electric Realised Off-Road, véhicule militaire -


2002 Britain
Land Rover
Union Carbide 1967 United States
Unique Mobility 198x - ... United States
1908-
United Motor Vehicle Co United States - New York
1912
1910-
The United States Motor Company United States
1912
University of Florida xx ...
Urvanconcept -Eco-Marathon Shell) 2003 ...
Urbanina - Bargagli & Cristiani 1967-x Italy - Pisa
1899- United States - Attleboro,
US Automobile Co.
1901 Massachussets
1899-
U.S. Electric ...
1901
U.S. Electricar Corporation - Lectric Leopard
197x-... United States - Athol, Massachussets
(Division de C.H. Waterman Industries - Renault 5)
Utopia Electric Vehicles xx ...

University of Valenciennes 1998 France - Valenciennes


1972-
Vanguard Vehicles Inc. (Vanguard/Citi Car) United States
1974
1908-
V.A.T.E. France - Puteaux, Seine
1910
Vectrix 2005-... ...
Bike Gonnet 1952 France
Vedovelli & Priestley 1899 France
1904-
A. Védrine France - Neuilly sur Seine
1910
1903- United States - Long Island City, New
VE - Vehicle Equipment Co
1905 York
Vehma xx ...
Velectris 2004-... France
Venturi Automobiles 2004-... France
Company for transport companies 1901 Germany - Berlin
Vetra 1925-
France paris
(Vehicles and Electric Tractors, Alshtom) 1966
Via 1921 ...
1907-
Victor United States - Omaha Nebraska
1908
Magnus Volk 1888 Great Britain - Brighton
Voltra 1962 ...
Volkswagen 1971-... Germany
Volta France - Perigny - La Rochelle
1991-...
(SEER - European Society of Rochelaise Automobiles) Charentes-Maritimes
Voltage Inc. 1995 United States - Gardena, California
1922-
Vulture France - Saint Etienne
1925
Voltra 1963 United States
Voltra Inc. 1993 United States - New York
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3/19/2019 Philippe B. de l'Arc - History of the electric car

Volvo Cars 1992-... Sweden


Vulcan Automobilgesellshaft 1901 Germany - Berlin

1907 -
Walker Vehicle Co United States - Chicago IL
1916
Wanxiang (Zhejiang)
WXEV-3 (Wanxiang -Zhejiang 2003 China
Electrical Vehicle Research Center
United States - Bronxville, New
Ward Leonard Electrical Co 1901
York
Ward Motor Vehicle Co
1914-1916 United States - New Yirk NY
(Charles A Ward)
Waterbury Motor Company (Nelson J. Waterbury) 1974 United States
Chandler H. Waterman Industries (U.S. Electricar) xx United States
Waverley Company (American Vehicle Electric Co. + Indiana
Bicycle Co., 1896)
International Motor Car Co. (1901) 1898-1916 United States - Indianapolis, Indiana
Waverley Departement, Pope-Waverley Motor Car Company (1903)
Waverley Company (1908)
W & E Vehicles xx ...
Westcoaster (Borg-Warner Corporation) 1960-1966 United States
Westinghouse SA 1967 Spain
1904 -
Weyher & Richemond France - Pantin
1910
Whisper Electric car A/S - Hope Automobil Industri 1984-x Denmark - Hadsund
White (White-Entz System, White System) 1913-1916 United States
White Lightning 1999 United States
Edouard Wicard 1901 Belgium - Tournai
Willam 1975-x France
Williams (ex-DeMars) 1906-1907 United States - Cleveland OH
Wilson Electric Car xxxx ...
Partridge Wilson 1935-1936 Great Britain - Leicester
Witcar 197x Netherlands - Amsterdam
Frederick R. Wood & Son 1901 United States - New York
Woods Motor Vehicle Co 1899-1919 United States - Chicago, Illinois
Woods Waring & Co
1901 United States - Chicago, Illinois
(Electromibles Clinton E. Woods)
Dr. Victor Wouk - "the grandfather of electric and hybrid vehicles in
1977 United States
the United States"
United States
Wrightspeed Inc. 2006-... Burlingame (Silicon Valley),
California

Xiangtan Electric Vehicle Co Ltd 2003 China

Yamaha 1996-... Japan


Yardney Renault 1964 France / United States
Yigao (Suzhou) Electrical Vehicle
(Feici - Beijing) Green Energy Co Ltd) 2004 China
Yongfeng

Zagato - ZZ Car (Zagato Car S.R.L.) 1966-x Italy - Terrazzano di Rho, Milan
ZAP - Zero Air Pollution Light Utility Vehicle 1994-... United States - California
Zebra Motors Inc.
1999 United States - California
(ex-Renaissance Cars de Bob Beaumont)
Ziddee 1905-1907 France
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3/19/2019 Philippe B. de l'Arc - History of the electric car

Z.E.D.I.S.
1999 United States
(Zero Emission Downsized Improved Safety Urban Vehicle)
Z.E.M. 2002 Suisse
Zenn (Zero Emission No Noise)
2006-... Canada - Saint-Jérôme
Feel Good Cars Corporation
ZeTek "Millenium Taxi" 2000 Germany - Cologne
ZEVCO Fuel Cell Taxi 1998 Great Britain - London
Zschopauer Motorenwerke 1927 Germany - Spandau
Zytek Electric Vehicles 1998-... ...
Zzipper - The Triton
198x United States
(Sebring Auto-Cycle, Jim Tervort, ex-Commuter Vehicles)

ZZZZ - -

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