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Olympiodorus the Younger

Olympiodorus the Younger

Olympiodorus the Younger (Greek: λυμπιόδωρος Νεώτερος; c. 495 – 570) was a Neoplatonist philosopher, astrologer and

teacher who lived in the early years of the Byzantine Empire, after Justinian's Decree of 529 AD which closed Plato's Academy in

is not to be confused withOlympiodorus the Deacon, a contemporary Alexandrian writer of Bible commentaries. [1]

Contents

Life

Writings

Spurious works

Notes

References

External links

Life

Olympiodorus was the disciple of Ammonius Hermiaeat the philosophy school in Alexandria, and succeeded him as its leader when

Ammonius died c. 520. He was still teaching and writing in 565, because in his commentary on Aristotle's Meteorology, he mentions

a comet that appeared that year. Olympiodorus himself was able to survive the persecution experienced by many of his peers (see, for

example, Hierocles of Alexandria), possibly because the Alexandrian School was less involved in politics (for example, the attempts

by the Emperor Julian to re-establish Mithraic cults) and also possibly because it was more scholastic and less religious than the

Athenian Academy.

He is called Olympiodorus the Younger or The Younger Olympiodorus in contemporary references because there was an earlier (5th

century) Peripatetic philosopher also called Olympiodorus Olympiodorus(

the Elder) who also taught in Alexandria.

Writings

Among the extant writings of Olympiodorus the Younger are a biography of Plato, commentaries on several dialogues of Plato and

on Aristotle, and an introduction to Aristotelian philosophy. Olympiodorus also provides information on the work of the earlier

Neoplatonist Iamblichus which is not found elsewhere. The surviving works are:

Commentary on Plato'sAlcibiades (Σχόλια ε ἰ ς τ ὸ ν Πλάτωνος Ἀ λκιβιάδην) Alcibiades (Σχόλια ες τν Πλάτωνος λκιβιάδην)

Commentary on Plato'sGorgias (Σχόλια σ ὺ ν θε ῷ ε ἰ ς τ ὸ ν Γοργίαν) Gorgias (Σχόλια σν θεες τν Γοργίαν)

Commentary on Plato'sPhaedo (Σχόλια ε ἰ ς τ ὸ ν Πλάτωνος Φαίδωνα) Phaedo (Σχόλια ες τν Πλάτωνος Φαίδωνα)

Life of Plato (Βίος Πλάτωνος)ε ἰ ς τ ὸ ν Πλάτωνος Φαίδωνα) Introduction ( Prolegomena ) to Aristotle's logic (Ε

Introduction (Prolegomena ) to Aristotle's logic (Ε ἰ ς τ ὰ προλεγόμενα τ ῆ ς Λογικ Prolegomena) to Aristotle's logic (Ες τπρολεγόμενα τς Λογικς)

Commentary on Aristotle'sMeteorology (Ε ἰ ς τ ὸ πρ ῶ τον τ ῶ ν Μετεωρολογικ ῶ ν Meteorology ς τπρτον τν Μετεωρολογικν ριστοτέλους σχόλια)

Commentary on Aristotle'sCategories (Σχόλια ε ἰ ς τ ὰ ς Ἀ ριστοτέλους Κατηγορίας) Categories (Σχόλια ες τς ριστοτέλους Κατηγορίας)

Commentary on Aristotle'sOn Interpretation (Σχόλια ε ἰ ς τ ὸ Ἀ ριστοτέλους Περ ὶ Ἑ ρμηνείας) On Interpretation(Σχόλια ες τὸ Ἀριστοτέλους Περὶ Ἑρμηνείας)

a polemical work against Strato [ 2 ] [2]

In addition, a Commentary by Olympiodorus is extant on Paulus Alexandrinus' Introduction to astrology (which was written in 378

AD). Although the manuscript of the Commentary is credited in two later versions to a Heliodorus, L. G. Westerink argues that it is

actually the outline of a series of lectures given by Olympiodorus in Alexandria between May and July 564 AD. The Commentary is

an informative expatiation of Paulus' tersely written text, elaborating on practices and sources. The Commentary also illuminates the

developments in astrological theory in the 200 years after Paulus.

Spurious works

In addition there are three works ascribed to Olympiodorus, but which are now believed to be by other authors:

An alchemical treatise concerning Zosimus ' On the Action , called On the Book Kat’energeian (On alchemical treatise concerningZosimus' On the Action, called On the Book Kat’energeian (On the action or According to the action) by Zosimus and on the Sayings of Hermes and the Philosophersς τκατ' νέργειαν Ζωσίμου, σα πὸ Ἑρμοκατν φιλοσόφων σαν ερημένα)

On the Divine and Sacred Art of the Philosophical Stone(Περί τ ῆ ς ἱ ερ ᾶ ς τέχνης τ ῆ ς φιλοσοφικ ῆ ς (Περί τς ερς τέχνης τς φιλοσοφικς λίθου; Latin: De arte sacra lapidis philosophorum)

A commentary on Plato'sPhilebus — now thought to be the work o f Damascius Philebus — now thought to be the work ofDamascius

Notes

2015-04-11.

References

Late Classical Astrology:Paulus Alexandrinus and Olympiodorus (with the Scholia of later Latin Commentators). [Translated by Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum.]ARHAT [1] , 2001. [1], 2001.

"Olympiodorus The Younger." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Olympiodorus-the-Younger > [Accessed September 24, 2017]. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Olympiodorus-the-Younger> [Accessed September 24, 2017].

L.G. Westerink, "Ein astrologisches Kolleg aus dem Jahre 564," inByzantinische Zeitschrift , 64, 1971, pp. 6–21. Byzantinische Zeitschrift, 64, 1971, pp. 6–21.

Bruce M. Metzger, “Ancient Astrological Geography and Acts 2:9-11," W. Ward Gasque & Ralph P. Martin, eds., Apostolic History and the Gospel. Biblical and Historical Essays Presented to.FF. Bruce. Exeter: The Paternoster Press, 1970. Hbk.ISBN 0-85364-098-X . pp. 123–133. ISBN 0-85364-098-X. pp. 123–133.

Harold Tarrant, "Olympiodorus and history," in Idem, From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism: Studies in the History of Platonic Thought (Aldershot, From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism: Studies in the History of Platonic Thought(Aldershot, Ashgate, 2010) (Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS964).

Harold Tarrant, "Politike Eudaimonia: Olympiodorus on Plato's Republic," in Idem,From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism: Studies in the History of Platonic Thought (Aldershot, From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism: Studies in the History of Platonic Thought(Aldershot, Ashgate, 2010) (Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS964).

Harold Tarrant, "Restoring Olympiodorus' syllogistic," in Idem,From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism: From the Old Academy to Later Neo-Platonism:

Studies in the History of Platonic Thought(Aldershot, Ashgate, 2010) (Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS964).

Robert Schmidt, Project Hindsight [2] t[2]

Sebastian R. P. Gertz, Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato's Phaedo , Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato's Phaedo, Brill: Leiden, 2011.}

External links

Apocrypha public domain audiobook a t LibriVox . Collection includes Olympiodorus' Life of Plato .
Apocrypha public domain audiobook a t LibriVox . Collection includes Olympiodorus' Life of Plato .

Apocrypha public domain audiobook atLibriVox. Collection includes Olympiodorus' Life of Plato.George Burges, translator (1855).

This page was last edited on 27 December 2018, at 13:30(UTC).