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10 MATH

Topics
That Appear in Civil Service Exam

This is based on the Scope and Coverage issued by


the Civil Service Commission.

COMPILED BY:

Coach Seph
www.mathreviewer.com
This mini e-book is dedicated to those
will take the exam on August 12, 2018.
God bless you all!

"For I know the plans I have for you,"


 declares the Lord, "plans to prosper
you and not to harm you, plans to give
you hope and a future."

Jeremiah 29:11
#1
Greatest
Common
Factor
This often goes without saying that
math questions never gets dull with
the GCF. Expect to see this.

What are the common factors of 12


and 18?

Factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12
Factors of 18: 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18

If we examine the factors of 12 and


18, we see that there are 4 common
factors: 1, 2, 3 and 6. Among the
factors, 6 is the largest.

Therefore, we say that 6 is the


greatest common factor (GCF) or
greatest common divisor (GCD) of
12 and 18.
#2
Least
Common
Multiple
The most important among the
multiples is the least common
multiple. The least common multiple
is the smallest among all the
multiples.

Clearly, the least common multiple


of 2 and 3 is 6. Here are some
examples.

Example 1: Find the least common


multiple of 3 and 5

Multiples of 3: 3, 6, 9. 12, 15, 18


Multiples of 5: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25,30

As we can see, 15 appeared as the


first common multiple, so 15 is the
least common multiple of 3 and 5.
#3
Integers
(Postive or
Negative)
These questions never get tired of
appearing and they are very easy.

Both signs of positive is equals to


positive.

For opposite signs (+ -), you will get


the bigger number’s sign after
subtracting.

When both signs are negative and


when you add/subtract, the answer
will still be negative. Easy right?
#4
PEMDAS
In elementrary, we call these
operations MDAS in the elementary
grades and later and PE making it
PEMDAS. It is the acronym for
Parenthesis, Exponent,
Multiplication, Division, Addition and
Subtraction.

This is basically the order of


operations when you calculate an
arithmetic problem involving two or
more operations.

Remember that both Multiplication


and Division is of the same level.
The operations must be perform
from left to right. Same with
Addition and Subtraction. The
operations must be perform from
left to right.
#5
Decimals
These are one of the easiest Math
part of the exam and they often pop
up more than usual.

Just remember to align the Decimals


within the solution and whether you
add or substract, ensure that they
line up properly.

When you multiply, move the


decimal from right to left, then if it is
division, then go left to right.
#6
Fractions
In the Civil Service Numerical
Reasoning tests, fractions appear in
almost every test: basic arithmetic,
number sequences, equations and
problem solving.

Make sure you know how to add and


subtract fractions and mixed
numbers.

Also make sure that you know how


to change fractions into decimals
and vice versa.
#7
Decimals
and
Percentages
Converting Decimals to Percentage
and Vice Versa are often asked. Say
for example: to get 60% you multiply
.60 to any number. As for conversion
to fraction, you will divide 60 and
100 by its greatest common factor
(GCF) which is 20 so the answer will
be 3/5.

For fraction to decimal you will


convert it by: by moving the decimal
the hundredth place have it as
fraction (1/100)

Then 60 x 1/100 = 60/100, then you


will get the lowest term by dividing
both the numerator and
denominator with their greatest
common factor. The answer will be
still 3/5.
#8
Volume,
Area, and
Perimeter
If you know basic algebra and
geometry then these are easy to get.

Make sure you know how to get the


length x width x height for volume
specially for the circle which is
A= pi (squared).

You know, basic stuff. Do not also


forget the perimeter which is to add
all sides if its a square and if it is a
circle then get the basic formula of
Perimeter = 2 x pi x radius

Note that the value of pi is 3.14 and


don't forget that! No calculator
allowed.
#9
Algebraic
Equations
You might want to study equations
in algebra because you will find
them so many times in the Civil
Service Exam.

 Just the basic stuff you know...


For example:
Find the value of x
2x + 8 = 12

Solution:
2x = 12 -8
2x = 4
x=2
#10
Chart
Readings
with
Percentages
and
Equations
Now I know some would say that
this is not part of the math exam
but the exam that I took actually
composed of these chart and
diagrams.

They are quite easy to understand if


you know how to read them. Just
follow their instructions for the
equations like get the total or the
difference and the projection of
estimated amount (I was talking
about a chart question regarding
how Toyota would get a profit after
10 year or so).

All in all, this is a no biggie as long


you know how to read.