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The hero of this novel is a rich jewelers named Simoun. He escaped from those soldiers
who are following him. He went to cuba where he become a rich and befriended at the
Spanish officials. After many years he returned to his fatherland where he can move
freely. He become a powerful because of his good relation to the governor general. But,
deep in his heart, he is secretly cherishing a terrible revenge against the Spanish

Simoun is a man of wealth and mystery a very close friend of the Spanish authorities.
Because of his relation and advantage to the authorities, he encourages corruption in
the government promotes the oppression of the masses , and haste n the moral
degradation of the country so that the people may become desperate and fight. He
smuggles arms and attempt the armed uprising id not materialize because at the last
hour he hears the sad news that Maria Clara is died in the nunnery. To rescue Maria
Clara is his first reason why she pushed his terrible plan.

After a long time he perfects his plan to overthrow the Spanish government. On the
occasion of the wedding of Paulita Gomez and Juanito Pelaez, he gives as wedding gift
to them a beautiful lamp. Only Basilio knows his plan that when the wick of his lamp
burns lower the nitroglycerine, hidden in its secret compartment, will explode, destroying
the house where the guests including the governor general and the government
officials. But then, Isagani is a lover’s of Paulita who has been rejected . He is watching
sorrowful outside the house. Basilio warns Isagani to go away because the lighted lamp
will explode. Upon hearing Isagani realizes that his beloved Paulita was in grave
danger. To save her life, he rushes into the house, seizes the lamp, and hurls it into the

At that time Simoun was discovered his plans, he cornered by the soldiers but he
escaped wounded. He goes to Padre Florentino house and when the Spanish authority
knows that his in Padre Tolentino. The Spanish warned to the padre and Simoun knows
it. Upon knowing that news Simoun was committed suicide rather than he arrested.

Analysis of Noli Me Tangere

1. The Noli Me Tangere can be regarded as a historical novel, as it has mostly
fictional characters butr also historical like Father Burgos who lived in actual
places within a social system that was then typical of a colonized land.

2. Admittedly, Rizal exaggerated a bit, as in his portrayal of characters like friars

Damaso,Salvi, and Sibyla; the two women who were preoccupied with prayers
and novenas, and, Espadañas but, on the whole, the novel follows the basic rules
of realism.

3. Humor worked best where a more serious presentation of the general practices of
religion during that time and even up to present would have given the novel a
darker and pessimistic tone.

4. Rizal’s description of the lavish fiesta showed the comic antics at church and the
ridiculous expense for one day of festivies.

This preface to Noli Me Tangere ensures that readers understand that the novel is
intentionally political. Although the pages that follow this short chapter often preoccupy
themselves with melodramatic love scenes and action plots, it’s clear from the very first
pages that Rizal is primarily interested in exploring what was then the taboo topic of
political corruption in the Philippines.


Noli Me Tangere is set during the 19th century in the Philippines. Sectors of the society
were represented as the novel progresses. The abusive clergy was represented by
Padre Damaso and Padre Salvi, the wealthy meztizo by the protagonist Crisostomo
Ibarra; meanwhile the wealthy Indio was represented by Capitan Tiago. As such, the
novel offers a straightforward analysis of Philippine society under Spanish rule. A 19th
century novels, Noli Me Tangere revolves around Crisostomo Ibarra who, after a seven-
year stay in Europe to study, comes home to his town of San Diego, brimming with
the desire to contribute to the development of the townspeople. More specifically, as a
reformist, he aims to make education accessible to more people. His idealism,
however, cannot bear fruit because of insidious forces bent on destroying him. Ibarra
learns that his father, Don Rafael, had been embroiled in a conflict with Padre Damaso,
who eventually causes his humiliation and death. It is not only political power that the
friar wields; he has also used power to seduce the mother of Maria Clara, Ibarra' s
sweetheart. Ibarra has another enemy in the person of Padre Salvi, who lusts after
Maria Clara. It is also Padre Salvi who almost causes Ibarra ' s death at the
groundbreaking ceremonies for the school. Things come to a head when Ibarra is
implicated in a failed uprising instigated by Padre Salvi. The young man is imprisoned
but is eventually rescued by Elias, whose life Ibarra has saved in the past. As the novel
ends, the thoroughly disillusioned Ibarra sees a bleak future his dead mother Sisa. .Noli
Me Tangere brilliantly described Philippine society with its memorable characters. The
melancholic fate of Maria Clara and the insanity of Sisa characterized the country’s
pitiful state, which was once beautiful, turned miserable. Reading Noli Me Tangere will
open one’s mind about oppression and tyranny.