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Present Simple

We use the Present Simple for routines/ habbits and facts that dont
change.
ADVERBS: always, sometimes, often, never
FORM: personal pronouns + verb(for 3rd person +s)

Present Continuous
We use the Present Continuous for temporary situations, changing
situations, for things happening now and a planned future arrangement.
FORM: am/is/are + verb + ing

Past Simple
We use the Past Simple to talk about things which started and finished in
the past.
FORM: personal pronouns + verb+ ed(for regular verbs)

Past Continuous
We use the Past Continuous to talk about things which happened in
fixed time, about temporary things in the past, background of story.
FORM: was/were + verb + ing

Used to
We use Used to talk about habits and states in the past which are now
finished.

Be going to
We use be going to + infinitive for future intentions, ambitions,
unfinished plans.
FORM: subject +used to+ infinitive verb

Verb patterns(glagolski oblici)


1. Verb +to +infinitive
When two verbs I use together, the first word often decide the form of
second one.
They are 3 common word patterns. The first one is:
Verb+to+infinitive
I want to study biology.
The following verbs belong to this pattern:
Agree, appear, arange, ask, bag, chose, decide, fail, happen, hope, learn,
manage, need, offer, climb, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem,
wait, wish...

2. Verb + ing form:


I enjoy watching TV.
Following verb belong to this pattern:
Avoid , can’t, help, deny, dislike, enjoy, escape, escuse, hate, fancy, finish,
keep, mind, miss, like, love, practice, prefer, suggest, start, step,
understand.
3. Verb + infinitive without to:
I can read French.
Modal verb belong to this group:
Could, might, must, should,can

The present perfect simple tense


(sadašnje-svršeno vrijeme)
The present simple tense i used:
1. For activities which started in the past and are continuing now:
I have lived here for 10 years.
He has lived here since his childhood.
We don’t use the present perfect simple tense with for and since to talk
about situations that bega in the past and continue to the present.
2. For finished actions in the past if we don’t say exactly when they
happend. These actions have present results:
I have cut my finger.
It is bleeding now.
3. For news and recent activities:
He has just started his first job:
Time expresion used with the present perfect simple tense are:
Today, this morning, already, yet, just, recently, ever, never, for, since,
always, once, twice, lot of times, all day, all week, all my life...
We don’t use the present perfect with time expression which refer to
finished period in the past like yesterday, las week.

The passive
FORM: Auxiliary verb+ to be+ participle
The passive is used:
1. When teh action is more important than the person does the action.
English is spoken all over world.
2. When we don’t know the person or thing that does the action.
The painting was stolen from the museum.
3. To describe a process.
The milk is take to the factory, then it is made into butter and cheese.

We use ”by ” to say who or what did the action. When this fact is
important.
The Past Perfect simple tense
We use the past perfect to talk about action in the past that happened
before another action in the past. It combines with past simple .
FORM:had + past participle.
Past perfect simple tense is used with the expressions when, before,
after, as soon as, by the time.
After we had done all the shopping, we went for a meal.
When we got to the party, everyone had already left.