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Konverter AC-AC

Pekik Argo Dahono


Penggunaan
• AC Power Supplies
• Stabilisator tegangan
• Variable Speed AC Drives
• Lamp dimmer
• Static VAR Compensators
• AC Switches
• Soft Starter

Pekik A. Dahono 2
Macam Konverter AC-AC
• Direct AC-AC Voltage Converters
• Cycloconverters
• Indirect AC-AC Converters:
- DC Link
- AC Link
• Matrix Converters

Pekik A. Dahono 3
Direct AC-AC Voltage Converters

Komponen utama:
- TRIAC
- Antiparallel connected
two thyristors
Teknik kendali:
- Integral cycle
- Phase control

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Integral cycle control
• Almost no transient or
EMI problems
• Can only be used for
applications with large vs
“inertia”.
• The control ratio is vo
limited.

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Phase-Controlled AC-AC Voltage
Converters : Resistive Load
• Input voltage is sinusoidal. is
T1
io

• Output voltage and 

vs T2 vo
current waveforms are the R

same.
• Input and output current vs
waveforms are the same. is

• Power factor is less than


unity.
 vo io

Pekik A. Dahono 6
Phase-Controlled AC-AC Voltage
Converters : Resistive Load
Teganganoutput :
    12 sin 2 
1/ 2
2Vs2 
Vo   sin d  Vs 
2

  

 
Vo
I s  Io 
R
VA sumber :
VAs  Vs I s
Daya Beban:
P  Vo I o  Vo2 / R
Faktor Daya :
    12 sin 2 
1/ 2

PF  P / VAs   
  
Pekik A. Dahono 7
Phase-Controlled AC-AC Voltage
Converters : Inductive Load
T1
• Output voltage and is io


current waveforms are
vs T2 R
different. L
vo

• Output and input current


waveforms are the same. vs

is
• Source power factor is less
than the load power factor.
 vo
io

Pekik A. Dahono 8
Three-Phase AC-AC Voltage Converters :
Resistive Loads

va vb vc
va
T1 ia
iA vA
N  A n

T2
vb T3
iB vB
 B

R
vab
T4
vc
T5
iC vC
 C

T6

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Three-Phase AC-AC Voltage Converters :
Resistive Loads

va vb vc va vb vc
ia
ia

vab

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Static VAR Compensators

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AC Choppers

is io
S1 es

es S2 vo Load

vo

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AC Chopper
is ii

io
 Ls iCs
S1
es Cs vi vb Load

S2
S3 S4

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Experimental Result

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AC Chopper

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Single-Phase Cycloconverters

is
io
is

vs Load vo vs

positive negative

 p n  

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Three-Phase to Three-Phase Cycloconverters

Sumber 3 - fasa

Motor
3 - fasa

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DC Link AC-AC Converters

AC source AC load
Voltage - Type Voltage - Type
Rectifier Inverter

AC source AC load
Current - Type Current - Type
Rectifier Inverter

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AC Link AC-AC Converter

Parallel AC resonant link

Series AC resonant link

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AC-Link AC-AC Converters

vs

vo

Pekik A. Dahono 20
Matrix Converters
S1 euo
is io S1

u S2 u
S2
S3

evo S4
es vo Load
v S5 v
0 n
S3 S6

ewo
S4 S7
w S8 w
S9

Neither dc nor dc link is used in this converter

Pekik A. Dahono 21
PWM Technique for Three-Phase Matrix Converter

vwv vuv vuw vvw vvu vwu

Let considerwhen vuv is the highest.


During this period,switchesS7, S8, and S9 are not used.
Let also assume that:
vun vn  3

* k sin v* k sin   2 v* k sin   2
wn  3

* car THEN S1 closedELSE S4 closed
IF vun
* car THEN S2 closedELSE S5 closed
IF vvn
IF v*wn car THEN S3 closedELSE S6 closed
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The End