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The most reliable estimate is that between

The 1st Battle of Bud Dajo - March 5-8, 1906 700 to 850 Tausugs were killed in the 1st Battle of
Bud Dajo. Approximately two-thirds were women
and children, family members of the Moro fighters.
Bud Dajo (today it is spelled "Dahu") is an Only seven were captured, three women and four
inactive, but not extinct, volcano on the island of children. Eighteen men escaped from the mountain,
Jolo in the Sulu Archipelago of the Philippines. and it is possible this number could have been
Unfortunately, it is blood-soaked ground. Battles in double. The number present on the American side
1906, and 1911 pitted the United States against the totaled a little less than 800 officers and men of the
Moro peoples known as the Tausugs. In 1945, US Army, Moro Constabulary, and a shore party
Tausug guerrillas and the US Army's 163rd Combat from the US Navy gunboat USS Pampanga, of which
Regiment (41st Infantry Division Division) combined 350-400 participated in the actual combat. Their
against 400 well-dug in Japanese Marines. But while casualties totaled 21 killed and 73 wounded.
1911 and 1945 were clear-cut and honorable
victories, the 1st Battle of Bud Dajo, in 1906, began
as true fight but ended badly in the controversial Source: https://www.sunstar.com.ph/article/96464
massacre of hundreds of innocent women and
children. Known also as The Battle of the Clouds, its
notoriety in American military history ranks it beside
that of Sand Creek (1864), Wounded Knee (1890),
and My Lai (1968). Unlike the other three incidents,
the match up at Bud Dajo was not as
overwhelmingly lopsided at its inception, nor did lax
discipline and control unleash an orgy of sadistic
violence, as marked the other three. The resultant
massacre at Bud Dajo was a as much as anything the Duterte reminds US of Bud Dajo
product of moral indifference at the top command
level and in part the indiscriminate employment of
massacre
newer technology, specifically the machinegun. But
STELLA A. ESTREMERA
the result was still the same.
The word Bud means mountain in the Tausug September 6, 2016
language and Dajo refers to a species of local tree.
Bud Dajo last erupted in 1897. A little over six miles
southeast from the town of Jolo, it is 2,175 feet (663
meters) above sea level and rises steeply to 1,443 PRESIDENT Rodrigo Duterte was referring to the killing
feet (440 meters) at the highest of its three summits of 600 Moro people by American soldiers in 1906 when
from above its surrounding high plain. The three he said Monday, September 5, that the United States
summits are to the west, south, and east, running has not even apologized to the Philippines for its
along the outer rim of a large, crater that is
atrocities during the turn of the century.
approximately 1,500 yards (1,370 meters) at its
widest point and with a floor 300 feet deep in the Duterte spewed out a tirade of historical extra-judicial
center. The sides of the mountain are steepest on
killings when asked by a Reuters reporter Monday
the south and east sides, approaching 60 degrees
inclination as it nears the top of the crater rim. In about discussing extra-judicial killings (EJKs) with US
1906, its base was accessed by a single, narrow six- President Barack Obama.
mile trail from the port of Jolo. A series of confusing,
interconnected trails circled the base of the “Who is he? When as a matter of fact at the turn of the
mountain, with three exceptionally steep trails century, before the Americans left, the Philippines, in
leading to each of the three summits, along the pacification campaign of the Moro in this island,
precipitous and exposed "hogback" ridges on the there were around 6 million ang population ng Moro,
west and south trails. A century ago, as it is today, how many died? Six hundred. If you can answer this
the mountain was covered with dense jungle foliage
and frequently shrouded in mists.
question and give an apology, I will answer him,” The Moro warriors were armed with kris, barongs, and
Duterte said. spears. The attack ended on March 7, 1906, with not
one Moro standing; women and children among them.
The incident he was referring to happened in 1906 in
the island of Jolo, Sulu. It was named the Battle of Bud The Americans lost two dozen men and some 70
Dajo. wounded. It was a complete massacre.

It was in December 1898 when the US signed a treaty The “victory” that was earlier celebrated in the US was
with Spain, acquiring the Philippines for $20 million. The immediately tainted with shame after the US Congress
Filipinos, however, refused the takeout and they waged realized there were women and children among the
a war. dead.

On July 4, 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt declared "The PH is not a vassal state, we have long ceased to be
the war over after successfully subjugating the a colony of the US. Alam mo, marami diyang mga
insurrectionist Filipino forces, and in his own columnista they look upon Obama and the US as we are
proclamation said, “except in the country inhabited by the lapdogs of this country. I do not respond to anybody
the Moro tribes, to which this proclamation does not but to the people of the Republic of the Philippines.
apply.” Wala akong pakialam sa kanya. Who is he to confront
me, as a matter of fact, America has one too many to
The Moro Province was created in 1903, comprising the
answer for the misdeeds in this country," Duterte said.
southern Mindanao and the Sulu islands. Unlike the
other provinces, the Moro Province was to be staffed by
US Army officers, simply because US believed the Moro
Province was backward and need to be civilized and READ: Duterte: I only heed to the Filipino people
educated on democracy. (Source: http://rarehistoricalphotos.com/moro-
The Americans capitalized on the tribal divisions of the insurgents-1906/ )
Moro Province and subdued them that way. Except http://www.morolandhistory.com/12.PG-
those in Jolo. Despite three years of persuasion by Battle%20of%20Bud%20Dajo/01.battle_of_bud_dajo.ht
Woods, the leader of the Jolo tribes refused to m
recognize the US as the ruler of the country.

In 1906, hearing words that the Americans were going


to invade, the Jolo people fled to the 15-acre wooded
crater of Bud Dajo, an extinct volcano, believing that the
spirits of the volcano will protect them.

On March 5, 1906, Woods ordered his officers to gather


800 of his men from the 6th and 19th Infantry, the 4th
Cavalry, the 28th Artillery Battery, the Sulu
Constabulary, and sailors from the gunboat Pampanga,
led by Colobnel Duncan, to Jolo.

They were armed with mountain guns, rifles, bayonets,


fast-firing pistols and grenades.

When negotiations for the Moro people who sought


refuge in Bud Dajo failed, they attacked.