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Name : Herlina Priyatna

Class : XII A5 (12)


The following text is for question 1-2

The Battle of Surabaya

The Battle of Surabaya was fought between pro-independence Indonesian

soldiers and militia against British and British Indian troops as a part of the
Indonesian National Revolution.
The peak of the battle was in November 1945 and the battle was led by Bung
Tomo . The battle was the heaviest single battle of the revolution and became a
national symbol of Indonesian resistance. Fighting broke out on 30 October after
the British commander, Brigadier A. W. S. Mallaby was killed in a skirmish.
Although the Colonial forces largely captured the city in three days, the poorly
armed Republicans fought for three weeks, and thousands died as the population
fled to the countryside.
The battle and defence mounted by the Indonesians galvanised the nation in
support of independence and helped garner international attention. For the Dutch, it
removed any doubt that the Republic was not simply a gang of collaborators
without popular support. It also had the effect of convincing Britain that wisdom
lay on the side of neutrality in the revolution; within a few years, in fact, Britain
would support the Republican cause in the United Nations.
Considered a heroic effort by Indonesians, the battle helped galvanise Indonesian
and international support for Indonesian independence. 10 November is celebrated
annually as Heroes’ Day.

1. The people of Surabaya who managed to burn the spirit of the people to fight the
allies were ....
a. Bung Tomo
b. Sudirman
c. Sutomo
d. Iskan
e. Bung Hatta
Answer : a.Bung Tomo

2.The battle in Surabaya took place on ...

a. May 2, 1945
b. May 20, 1945
d. July 10, 1945
d. November 10, 1945
e. October 30, 1945
Answer : d.November 10, 1945

The following text is for question 3-5


The aim of the Rengasdengklok incident was that Bung Karno and Bung
Hatta would not be affected by Japan. Here, they again convinced Soekarno that
the Japanese had surrendered and the fighters were ready to fight Japan, whatever
risks they would face. In Jakarta, the young group, Wikana, and the old group,
namely Mr. Ahmad Soebardjo held negotiations. Mr. Ahmad Soebardjo agreed to
proclaim Indonesia's independence in Jakarta. then Yusuf Kunto was sent to take
Ahmad Soebardjo to Rengasdengklok with the aim of picking up Bung Karno and
Bung Hatta to return to Jakarta. Mr. Ahmad Soebardjo succeeded in convincing the
youth not to rush into carrying out the proclamation of Indonesian independence.

Arriving in Jakarta, they returned to their homes. Because the Des Indes
hotel (now a shopping complex in Harmoni) cannot be used for meetings after
10:00 p.m., the offer of Rear Admiral Maeda to use his house (now the museum
building for the formulation of the proclamation text) as a meeting place for PPKI
was approved by Indonesian leaders.The formulation of the proclamation text was
carried out in the house of Admiral Tadashi Maeda. After the concept of the
proclamation was agreed upon, Sajuti Melik typed the manuscriptand and signed
Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta .The Indonesian nation declared its independence
on Friday at 10.00 WIB on August 17, 1945.

3. Authentic or official Proclamation Manuscript, which is the manuscript ...

a. Typed by Ahmad Soebardjo and signed by Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta
b. Handwritten and signed by Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta
c. Signed by Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta
d. Typed by Sayuti Melik and signed by Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta
e. Written by the people
Answer: d. Typed by Sayuti Melik and signed by Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta
4.The background of the occurrence of the Rengasdengklok incident is ...
a. youth opposition with Japanese leaders
b. opposition between the youth and the old group about the proclamation of
c. opposition between the Japanese and the Allies
d. Japan blocked the preparation of the Indonesian independence proclamation
e. the youth wanted to proclaim independence in Rengasdengklok
Answer: b. opposition between the youth and the old group about the proclamation
of independence

5.The aim of the youth was to kidnap Ir. Seokarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta out of
town is ....
a. forcing the two figures to proclaim Indonesia
b. keep them away from Japanese influence
c. deliberate on the implementation of the Indonesian proclamation
d. maintain the security of the two figures from the threat of extreme groups
e. appointed the two figures as Indonesian proclaimers
Answer: b. keep them away from Japanese influence