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******************* Strap Beam - Analysis and Design - v.

alpha
*******************
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-- Common Inputs
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Q,allow : 3.000 ksf (Allowable Soil Bearing)
F'c : 3.000 ksi (Used for both Foundations and Strap Beam)
Concrete Density : 150.000 pcf (Used for self weights)
DL Factor Service : 1.000 (Used to factor self weight for Service values)
DL Factor Ultimate : 1.200 (Used to factor self weight for Ultimate values)
Fy : 60.000 ksi (Reinforcing Steel Yield Strength)

L,cc : 20.000 ft (Center to Center distance between columns)

-- Left Foundation
------------------------------------------------------------------
B = 4.000 ft
D = 4.000 ft
H = 1.167 ft

A = B x D = 16.000 ft^2
Self Wt = B x D x H x Concrete Density = 2.800 kips

-- Left Column
----------------------------------------------------------------------
B = 1.167 ft
D = 1.167 ft
e = 0.000 ft (left edge of footing to center of column - parallel to
B)
- Loads -
P,service = 100.000 kips
P,ultimate = 150.000 kips

-- Right Foundation
-----------------------------------------------------------------
B = 6.000 ft
D = 6.000 ft
H = 1.000 ft

A = B x D = 36.000 ft^2
Self Wt = B x D x H x Concrete Density = 5.400 kips

-- Right Column
---------------------------------------------------------------------
B = 1.000 ft
D = 1.000 ft
e = 0.000 ft (center of footing to center of column - parallel to B)
- Loads -
P,service = 100.000 kips
P,ultimate = 150.000 kips

-- Strap Beam
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bs = 1.000 ft
Hs = 2.000 ft
Ls = Lcc - B,l/2 - (B,l/2 - e,l) - B,r/2 - e,r = 13.000 ft
Ext. Beyond Column: 0.250 ft
Strap Elevation: 3.000 in
(Delta in elevation from bottom of strap to bottom of footing)

Self Wt. = Bs x Hs x Concrete Density = 0.300 klf

Hs,l = (Hs - H,l) + (Strap Elevation/12.0) = 1.083 ft


(Depth of Strap above left footing)

Self Wt.,l = Bs x Hs,l x Concrete Density = 0.163 klf

Hs,r = (Hs - H,r) + (Strap Elevation/12.0) = 1.250 ft


(Depth of Strap above right footing)

Self Wt.,r = Bs x Hs,r x Concrete Density = 0.188 klf

Ls,r = B,r/2 + e,r + Bcol,r/2 + Strap Extension = 3.750 ft


(length of strap over right footing)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
----------------- Statics for Soil Reactions - Service and Ultimate
-----------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--

------------------------------------- SERVICE
-------------------------------------
Source Load (kips) Location (ft) Moment Arm (ft) Moment (ft-
kips)
___________________________________________________________________________________
__
P1 100.000 0.000 2.000 -200.000

FTG_L 2.800 2.000 0.000 0.000

Strap/FTG_L 0.650 2.000 0.000 0.000

Strap 3.900 10.500 8.500 33.150

Strap/FTG_R 0.703 20.750 16.875 11.865

FTG_R 5.400 20.000 18.000 97.200

P2 100.000 20.000 18.000 1800.000

___________________________________________________________________________________
__
Totals: 213.453 -- -- 1742.215

___________________________________________________________________________________
__
R1 116.663 2.000 0.000 0.000

R2 96.790 20.000 18.000 1742.215

------------------------------------ ULTIMATE
-------------------------------------
Source Load (kips) Location (ft) Moment Arm (ft) Moment (ft-
kips)
___________________________________________________________________________________
__
P1 150.000 0.000 2.000 -300.000

FTG_L 3.360 2.000 0.000 0.000

Strap/FTG_L 0.780 2.000 0.000 0.000

Strap 4.680 10.500 8.500 39.780

Strap/FTG_R 0.844 20.750 16.875 14.238

FTG_R 6.480 20.000 18.000 116.640

P2 150.000 20.000 18.000 2700.000

___________________________________________________________________________________
__
Totals: 316.144 -- -- 2570.658

___________________________________________________________________________________
__
R1 173.329 2.000 0.000 0.000

R2 142.814 20.000 18.000 2570.658

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Left Foundation Calculations:
----------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
A = B * D = 16.00 ft^2
Self Wt = A * H/12 * Density = 2.80 kips

-- Bearing:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qa = R1,service / A = 116.66 kips / A = 7.29 ksf > Q,allow = 3.00 ksf -- **NG**
Qu = R1,ultimate / A = 173.33 kips / A = 10.83 ksf

-- Flexure:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
d = H - 3" - Dia. bar/2 = 14.00 - 3 - 0.38/2 = 10.81 in
Face of Ftg to Face of Strap = L = D/2 - Bstrap/2 = 1.50 ft
Mu = Qu * B * L^2 / 2.0 = 48.75 ft-kips

rho,req = 0.0009 < rho,t = 0.0136 -- OK


As = rho*b*d = 0.46 in^2
As,min = 0.0018*b*h = 1.21 in^2
As,req = max[As,As,min] = 1.21 in^2 -- (11)#3 Bars

Bar Spacing = B - 6 in / (#bars - 1) = 4.20 in


Max. Spacing = min of 3*H or 18 in = 18.00 in
Bars for Max. Spacing = (4)#3 Bars --- Use (11)#3 Bars @ 4.20 in o.c.

Development Length of bars:


cb = min of cover+0.5db and 0.5*bar Spacing = 2.100
lambda = 1.0
psi,t = 1.0
psi,e = 1.0
psi,s = 0.8
ld = [(3/40)*(Fy/ lambda * sqrt(F'c))*(psi,t psi,e psi,s/(cb/db))]*db [ACI 318-08
eq 12-2]
where cb/db <= 2.5 -- cb/db= 5.600
ld = 9.859 in
Reduction of As,req/As = 1.000
ld,reduced = 9.856 in
ld,min = 12.0 in
Use max of ld, reduced amd ld,min = 12.000 in
ld,available = D - 3 - Bs/2 = 15.000 in
ld < ld,available -- OK

-- Flexural Shear:
------------------------------------------------------------------
Phi = 0.75
Vc = 2*1*B*d*sqrt(F'c) / 1000 lbs/kips = 56.85 kips [ACI 318-08 eq 11-3]
Phi*Vc = 42.64 kips
X = L,flexure - d/2 = 0.60 ft
Vu = Qu * B * X = 25.95 kips
Vu < Phi*Vc -- OK

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Right Foundation Calculations:
---------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
A = B * D = 36.00 ft^2
Self Wt = A * H/12 * Density = 5.40 kips

-- Bearing:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Qa = R2,service / A = 96.79 kips / A = 2.69 ksf < Q,allow = 3.00 ksf -- OK
Qu = R2,ultimate / A = 142.81 kips / A = 3.97 ksf

-- Flexure - N/S :
------------------------------------------------------------------
d = H - 3" - Dia. bar/2 = 12.00 - 3 - 0.38/2 = 8.81 in
Face of Ftg to Face of Strap = L = D/2 - Bstrap/2 = 2.50 ft
Mu = Qu * B * L^2 / 2.0 = 74.38 ft-kips
rho,req = 0.0014 < rho,t = 0.0136 -- OK
As = rho*B*d = 0.87 in^2
As,min = 0.0018*B*h = 1.56 in^2
As,req = max[As,As,min] = 1.56 in^2 -- (15)#3 Bars

Bar Spacing = B - 6 in / (#bars - 1) = 4.71 in


Max. Spacing = min of 3*H or 18 in = 18.00 in
Bars for Max. Spacing = (5)#3 --- Use (15)#3 Bars @ 4.71 in o.c.

Development Length of bars:


cb = min of cover+0.5db and 0.5*bar Spacing = 2.357
lambda = 1.0
psi,t = 1.0
psi,e = 1.0
psi,s = 0.8
ld = [(3/40)*(Fy/ lambda * sqrt(F'c))*(psi,t psi,e psi,s/(cb/db))]*db [ACI 318-08
eq 12-2]
where cb/db <= 2.5 -- cb/db= 6.286
ld = 9.859 in
Reduction of As,req/As = 0.943
ld,reduced = 9.293 in
ld,min = 12.0 in
Use max of ld, reduced amd ld,min = 12.000 in
ld,available = D - 3 - Bs/2 = 27.000 in
ld < ld,available -- OK

-- Flexural Shear - N/S :


-----------------------------------------------------------
Phi = 0.75
Vc = 2*1*B*d*sqrt(F'c) / 1000 lbs/kips = 69.51 kips [ACI 318-08 eq 11-3]
Phi*Vc = 52.13 kips
X = L,flexure - d/2 = 1.77 ft
Vu = Qu * B * X = 42.03 kips
Vu < Phi*Vc -- OK

-- Flexure - E/W :
------------------------------------------------------------------
d = H - 3" - Dia. bar - Dia. bar/2 = 12.00 - 3 - 0.38 - 0.38/2 = 8.44 in

Mu, at face of column, left = 64.00 ft-kips


Mu, at face of column, right = 71.00 ft-kips
Mu, design = 71.00 ft-kips

rho,req = 0.0014 < rho,t = 0.0136 -- OK


As = rho*D*d = 0.87 in^2
As,min = 0.0018*D*h = 1.56 in^2
As,req = max[As,As,min] = 1.56 in^2 -- (15)#3 Bars

Bar Spacing = D - 6 in / (#bars - 1) = 4.71 in


Max. Spacing = min of 3*H or 18 in = 18.00 in
Bars for Max. Spacing = (5)#3 --- Use (15)#3 Bars @ 4.71 in o.c.

Development Length of bars:


cb = min of cover+db+0.5db and 0.5*bar Spacing = 2.357
lambda = 1.0
psi,t = 1.0
psi,e = 1.0
psi,s = 0.8
ld = [(3/40)*(Fy/ lambda * sqrt(F'c))*(psi,t psi,e psi,s/(cb/db))]*db [ACI 318-08
eq 12-2]
where cb/db <= 2.5 -- cb/db= 6.286
ld = 9.859 in
Reduction of As,req/As = 0.943
ld,reduced = 9.293 in
ld,min = 12.0 in
Use max of ld, reduced amd ld,min = 12.000 in
ld,available = B/2 - 3 - B,col/2 - e2 = 27.000 in
ld < ld,available -- OK

-- Flexural Shear - E/W :


-----------------------------------------------------------
Phi = 0.75
Vc = 2*1*D*d*sqrt(F'c) / 1000 lbs/kips = 66.55 kips [ACI 318-08 eq 11-3]
Phi*Vc = 49.91 kips

Vu at d from column face, left = 54.93 kips


Vu at d from column face, right = 40.83 kips
Vu,design = max of above = 54.93

Vu > Phi*Vc -- **NG**

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Strap Beam Calculations:
---------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
Cover to Shear Bars: 1-1/2 in.

-- Flexure :
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mu,min = -265.91 ft-kips
Mu,max = 83.44 ft-kips
d = h - cover - Dia. shear bar - Dia. flexure bar/2.0 = 21.94 in.
phi = 0.9

R = Mu_inlbs / phi*b*d^2 = 613.936


A = -0.588 *Fy^2 / F'c = -705600.000
B = Fy = 60000.00
C = -R

rho+/- = -B +/- sqrt(B^2 - 4AC) / 2A = 0.01190 or 0.07314


rho,req = min of rho+/- = 0.0119 < rho,t = 0.0136 -- OK

As = rho*b*d = 3.13 in^2


As,min = max(200*b*d / fy , 3 sqrt(f'c) /fy *b*d) = 0.88 in^2
As,req = max[As,As,min] = 3.13 in^2 -- (29)#3 Bars

-- Shear :
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Phi = 0.75
Vc = 2*1*b*d*sqrt(F'c) / 1000 lbs/kips = 28.84 kips [ACI 318-08 eq 11-3]
Phi*Vc = 21.63 kips
0.5*Phi*Vc = 10.81 kips

Vu - d from left = 48.00 kips


--Shear at right resisted by foundation shear core (see ftg E/W design)--
**Shear Reinforcement is required**

Left End:
Vs req. left = Vu left - Phi*Vc / Phi = 35.16 kips
Av = 2 * As,v = 2 * 0.110 in^2 = 0.220 in^2
s = As,v * Fy * d / Vs = 8.23 in
s,min = min of d/2 or 24 in = 10.97 in

Use: (2) Legs of #3 Bars @ 8.23 in O.C.

Right End:
Shear resisted by shear core of right foundation

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
------------------------ Ultimate Results at Select Stations
------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--

--------------- Left Edge of Left Footing to Center of left Column


----------------
X (ft) Vu (kips) Mu (ft-kips)
__________________________________________
-0.583 0.000 0.000
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.000 -75.000 -21.875

----------------- Center of left Column to Center of Right Column


------------------
X (ft) Vu (kips) Mu (ft-kips)
__________________________________________
0.000 -75.000 -21.875
0.200 -92.255 -38.600
0.400 -109.510 -58.777
0.583 -125.327 -80.304
0.600 -124.622 -82.386
0.800 -116.162 -106.465
1.000 -107.703 -128.851
1.200 -99.243 -149.546
1.400 -90.784 -168.549
1.600 -82.324 -185.859
1.800 -73.865 -201.478
2.000 -65.405 -215.405
2.200 -56.946 -227.640
2.400 -48.486 -238.184
2.600 -40.027 -247.035
2.800 -31.567 -254.194
3.000 -23.108 -259.662
3.200 -14.648 -263.438
3.400 -6.189 -265.521
3.600 2.270 -265.913
3.800 10.730 -264.613
4.000 19.189 -261.621
4.000 19.189 -261.621
4.200 19.117 -257.791
4.400 19.045 -253.974
4.600 18.973 -250.172
4.800 18.901 -246.385
5.000 18.829 -242.612
5.200 18.757 -238.853
5.400 18.685 -235.109
5.600 18.613 -231.379
5.800 18.541 -227.663
6.000 18.469 -223.962
6.200 18.397 -220.276
6.400 18.325 -216.603
6.600 18.253 -212.946
6.800 18.181 -209.302
7.000 18.109 -205.673
7.200 18.037 -202.058
7.400 17.965 -198.458
7.600 17.893 -194.872
7.800 17.821 -191.301
8.000 17.749 -187.744
8.200 17.677 -184.201
8.400 17.605 -180.673
8.600 17.533 -177.159
8.800 17.461 -173.659
9.000 17.389 -170.174
9.200 17.317 -166.704
9.400 17.245 -163.247
9.600 17.173 -159.805
9.800 17.101 -156.378
10.000 17.029 -152.965
10.200 16.957 -149.566
10.400 16.885 -146.182
10.600 16.813 -142.812
10.800 16.741 -139.456
11.000 16.669 -136.115
11.200 16.597 -132.789
11.400 16.525 -129.476
11.600 16.453 -126.179
11.800 16.381 -122.895
12.000 16.309 -119.626
12.200 16.237 -116.371
12.400 16.165 -113.131
12.600 16.093 -109.905
12.800 16.021 -106.694
13.000 15.949 -103.497
13.200 15.877 -100.314
13.400 15.805 -97.146
13.600 15.733 -93.992
13.800 15.661 -90.852
14.000 15.589 -87.727
14.200 15.517 -84.617
14.400 15.445 -81.520
14.600 15.373 -78.438
14.800 15.301 -75.371
15.000 15.229 -72.318
15.200 15.157 -69.279
15.400 15.085 -66.255
15.600 15.013 -63.245
15.800 14.941 -60.249
16.000 14.869 -57.268
16.200 14.797 -54.302
16.400 14.725 -51.349
16.600 14.653 -48.412
16.800 14.581 -45.488
17.000 14.509 -42.579
17.000 14.509 -42.579
17.200 19.009 -39.227
17.400 23.508 -34.975
17.600 28.008 -29.824
17.800 32.507 -23.772
18.000 37.007 -16.821
18.200 41.506 -8.970
18.400 46.006 -0.218
18.600 50.505 9.433
18.800 55.005 19.984
19.000 59.504 31.435
19.200 64.004 43.785
19.400 68.503 57.036
19.500 70.753 63.999
19.600 58.003 70.437
19.800 32.502 79.487
20.000 7.002 83.437

--------------- Center of Right Column to Right Edge of Right


Footing---------------
X (ft) Vu (kips) Mu (ft-kips)
__________________________________________
0.000 7.002 83.437
0.030 3.176 83.590
0.060 -0.649 83.628
0.090 -4.474 83.551
0.120 -8.299 83.360
0.150 -12.124 83.053
0.180 -15.949 82.632
0.210 -19.774 82.096
0.240 -23.599 81.446
0.270 -27.424 80.680
0.300 -31.249 79.800
0.330 -35.074 78.805
0.360 -38.899 77.696
0.390 -42.724 76.472
0.420 -46.550 75.132
0.450 -50.375 73.679
0.480 -54.200 72.110
0.500 -56.750 71.000
0.510 -56.525 70.434
0.540 -55.850 68.748
0.570 -55.175 67.083
0.600 -54.500 65.438
0.630 -53.825 63.813
0.660 -53.150 62.208
0.690 -52.475 60.624
0.720 -51.800 59.060
0.750 -51.125 57.516
0.750 -51.125 57.516
0.780 -50.444 55.993
0.810 -49.762 54.489
0.840 -49.080 53.007
0.870 -48.399 51.545
0.900 -47.717 50.103
0.930 -47.035 48.682
0.960 -46.354 47.281
0.990 -45.672 45.900
1.020 -44.990 44.540
1.050 -44.309 43.201
1.080 -43.627 41.882
1.110 -42.945 40.583
1.140 -42.264 39.305
1.170 -41.582 38.048
1.200 -40.900 36.810
1.230 -40.219 35.593
1.260 -39.537 34.397
1.290 -38.855 33.221
1.320 -38.174 32.066
1.350 -37.492 30.931
1.380 -36.810 29.816
1.410 -36.129 28.722
1.440 -35.447 27.649
1.470 -34.765 26.595
1.500 -34.084 25.563
1.530 -33.402 24.550
1.560 -32.720 23.559
1.590 -32.039 22.587
1.620 -31.357 21.636
1.650 -30.675 20.706
1.680 -29.994 19.796
1.710 -29.312 18.906
1.740 -28.630 18.037
1.770 -27.949 17.188
1.800 -27.267 16.360
1.830 -26.585 15.552
1.860 -25.904 14.765
1.890 -25.222 13.998
1.920 -24.540 13.252
1.950 -23.859 12.526
1.980 -23.177 11.820
2.010 -22.495 11.135
2.040 -21.813 10.470
2.070 -21.132 9.826
2.100 -20.450 9.203
2.130 -19.768 8.599
2.160 -19.087 8.016
2.190 -18.405 7.454
2.220 -17.723 6.912
2.250 -17.042 6.391
2.280 -16.360 5.890
2.310 -15.678 5.409
2.340 -14.997 4.949
2.370 -14.315 4.509
2.400 -13.633 4.090
2.430 -12.952 3.691
2.460 -12.270 3.313
2.490 -11.588 2.955
2.520 -10.907 2.618
2.550 -10.225 2.301
2.580 -9.543 2.004
2.610 -8.862 1.728
2.640 -8.180 1.472
2.670 -7.498 1.237
2.700 -6.817 1.023
2.730 -6.135 0.828
2.760 -5.453 0.654
2.790 -4.772 0.501
2.820 -4.090 0.368
2.850 -3.408 0.256
2.880 -2.727 0.164
2.910 -2.045 0.092
2.940 -1.363 0.041
2.970 -0.682 0.010
3.000 -0.000 0.000
3.000 0.000 0.000
3.000 0.000 0.000