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A319/A320/A321

TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

GENERAL FAMILIARIZATION COURSE

21 AIR CONDITIONING
This document must be used for training purpose only

Under no circumstances should this document be used as a reference.

It will not be updated.

All rights reserved.


No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form,
by photostat, microfilm, retrieval system, or any other means,
without the prior written permission of Airbus Industrie.
_A319/A320/A321 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
GENERAL FAMILIARIZATION COURSE 21 AIR CONDITIONING
21 AIR CONDITIONING
UF90100 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page
GENERAL
System Presentation (1) .......................... 1
System Controls and Indicating (1)............... 7
ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL
System Presentation (1) ......................... 13
Pack Presentation (1)............................ 19
System Controls Presentation (1) (A320/A319) ... 23
System Controls Presentation (1) (A321) ........ 29
ECAM Pages Presentation (1) ..................... 35
PRESSURIZATION
System Design Philosophy (1) .................... 41
System Controls and Indicating (1) ............. 45
ECAM Page Presentation (1) ...................... 49
GENERAL VENTILATION
System Design Philosophy (1) .................... 55
AVIONICS VENTILATION
System Controls and Indicating (1) ............. 59
FORWARD CARGO COMPARTMENT
VENTILATION/HEATING
System Presentation (1) ......................... 63
ECAM Page Presentation (1) ...................... 67
AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING
System Presentation (1) ......................... 71
ECAM Page Presentation (1) ...................... 75
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21-00-00 GENERAL -
SYSTEM PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Introduction
Presentation
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GENERAL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

The air conditioning system maintains the air in the


pressurized fuselage zones at the correct levels of
temperature, freshness and pressure

INTRODUCTION

Air supply comes from the pneumatic system.


Then, air is regulated in temperature by the
temperature regulation sub-system.
Proper ventilation of the avionics equipment is
ensured by the avionics ventilation sub-system.
The pressurization sub-system ensures a cabin altitude
compatible with crew and passenger comfort.
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GENERAL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION - INTRODUCTION

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GENERAL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

PRESENTATION

Bleed air coming from the pneumatic system is


controlled in flow before reaching two air conditioning
packs which ensure basic temperature regulation.
Air delivered by the packs is mixed with recirculated
air from the cabin zones.
Fine temperature adjustment of air distributed in the
pressurized zones is obtained by controlling the amount
of hot air added to the air coming from the mixer unit.
Correct pressurization is obtained by controlling the
conditioned air discharge through one outflow valve.
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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-00-00 GENERAL -
SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

CONTENTS:
Overhead Panel
Main Instrument Panel
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GENERAL - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

OVERHEAD PANEL

The air conditioning system controls are located on


the overhead panel.
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GENERAL - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

MAIN INSTRUMENT PANEL

The air conditioning system can be monitored on the


ECAM system display.
System information is shown on the following
pages :
- BLEED page: pack and emergency ram air.
- AIR COND page: cockpit and cabin temperature
control, cargo ventilation and heating.
- PRESS page: pressurization and avionics
ventilation.
- CRUISE page: zone temperature and main
pressurization system parameters.
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GENERAL - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING - MAIN INSTRUMENT PANEL

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL -


SYSTEM PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Basic Principle
Pack Units
Mixer Unit
Hot Air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV)
Hot Trim Air
Air Distribution
Lavatory And Galley Ventilation
Temperature Regulation
Pack Controllers
Zone Controller
Self Examination
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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

BASIC PRINCIPLE HOT AIR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE

Hot air coming from the air bleed system is flow Hot air tapped upstream of the packs supplies the trim
regulated before entering the packs in order to be air valves through a hot air pressure regulating valve.
temperature regulated. This valve regulates the downstream pressure above the
Hot air pressure is maintained above the cabin pressure cabin pressure.
allowing the hot air flow to join the pack air supply
when necessary. HOT TRIM AIR
A part of cabin air is recirculated to decrease air
supply demand. A trim air valve associated with each zone optimizes
the temperature by adding hot air, if necessary, to
Note: the lavatories and galleys are ventilated with the cold air coming from the mixer unit.
air coming from zones and main distribution
ducts. AIR DISTRIBUTION

PACK UNITS The conditioned air is distributed to three main zones:


- cockpit,
The air flow from the Air Bleed system is regulated - forward cabin,
by two pack flow control valves. Then two independent - and aft cabin.
packs provide regulated temperature air to the mixer Normally the mixer unit allows the cockpit to be
unit. supplied from pack 1 and, FWD and AFT cabins from pack
Both packs provide air at the same temperature. 2.

MIXER UNIT LAVATORY AND GALLEY VENTILATION

The mixer unit mixes regulated temperature air from The lavatory and galley ventilation system uses air
the packs with part of the cabin air supplied by from the cabin zones. A fan extracts this air through
TMUAIR109-T01 LEVEL 1

recirculation fans. an outflow valve.


The mixer unit may also receive conditioned air from
a low pressure ground connection or fresh outside air Note: The LAV and GALLEY extract air is used to
from the emergency Ram Air Inlet. ventilate the cabin zone temperature sensors.
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The emergency Ram Air Inlet provides outside fresh air


for ventilation of the aircraft in emergency conditions
(loss of both packs or smoke removal).

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

TEMPERATURE REGULATION

The temperature regulation is automatic and controlled


by the corresponding pack controller which in turn is
controlled by the zone controller. This optimizes the
temperature regulation.
Each zone and pack controller consists of one primary
channel and one electrically independent secondary
channel respectively called primary and secondary
computers. The secondary computer acts as a back up
in case of failure of the primary computer.

PACK CONTROLLERS

Each pack controller provides:


- basic temperature regulation of its associated
pack in accordance with the demand from the
zone controller.
- and flow control and monitoring of its
associated pack in accordance with the flow
control demand from the zone controller.

ZONE CONTROLLER

The zone controller generates signals to the pack


controller for basic temperature regulation and flow
control optimization.
TMUAIR109-T02 LEVEL 1

It optimizes the temperature regulation by means of


trim air valves to obtain the selected ambient
temperature in the related zone.
The lowest zone temperature demand is used by the Zone
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Controller for basic temperature regulation to achieve


the required outlet temperature of both packs.

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SELF EXAMINATION

What is the purpose of the pack?


A - To regulate hot air pressure.
B - To adjust the temperature in the three
zones.
C - To regulate basic temperature.

What is the function of each pack controller?


A - To control the corresponding pack and
flow control valve.
B - To control the trim air valves.
C - To control the zone controller.

What is the purpose of the zone controller?


A - To control zone temperature.
B - To control the flow control valves.
C - To control the packs.

How is the basic temperature regulated by the Zone


Controller?
A - By using the lowest zone temperature
demand.
B - By using the temperature demanded in the
three zones.
C - By using the highest zone temperature
demand.

What is the function of the trim air valve?


A - To optimize the zone temperature by
adding cold air.
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B - To optimize the zone temperature by


adding hot air.
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C - To regulate the hot air pressure.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-50-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL -


PACK PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Pack Flow Control Valve
Exchangers - Compressor
Turbine
Anti-Ice Valve
RAM Air Inlet Flap and ByPass Valve
Self Examination
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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - PACK PRESENTATION

PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE TURBINE

Each pack flow control valve is pneumatically operated The air expands in the turbine section which results
and electrically controlled. The flow regulation is in a very low turbine discharge air temperature. The
achieved by a torque motor under pack controller turbine drives the compressor and the cooling air fan.
control.
In case of pack compressor overheat, (230ºC = 446ºF), ANTI-ICE VALVE
the pack Flow Control Valve starts to close
pneumatically. The pack controller controls the anti-ice valve to
pneumatically open in order to stop ice formation
Note: Part of the hot air, downstream of the pack Flow across the pack condenser.
Control Valve, is sent to the hot air Pressure In case of complete pack controller failure, the
Regulating Valve anti-ice valve is signalled to pneumatically control
Each pack Flow Control Valve is automatically the pack outlet temperature (to the mixer unit) to
closed during either a same side engine start 15ºC(59ºF).
sequence or an opposite side engine start
sequence(provided the crossbleed valve is RAM AIR INLET FLAP AND BYPASS VALVE
detected open)
It reopens 30 seconds after the end of any engine The ByPass Valve and the RAM air inlet flap are
start sequence. simultaneously controlled by the pack controller.
The ByPass Valve is electrically controlled to modulate
EXCHANGERS - COMPRESSOR the pack discharge temperature by adding hot air.
The RAM air inlet flap modulates the air flow through
Bleed air is ducted to the primary heat exchanger, the exchangers.
then to the compressor. - To increase cooling, the RAM air inlet flap
The air is cooled in the main heat exchanger. Then it opens more and the ByPass Valve closes more.
passes through the reheater, the condenser and the - To increase heating, the RAM air inlet flap
TMUAIR20A-T01 LEVEL 1

water extractor in order to remove water particles closes more and the ByPass Valve opens more.
from the turbine air. During take-off and landing, the RAM air Inlet flap
is fully closed to prevent ingestion of foreign
objects.
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SELF EXAMINATION

What is the main purpose of the anti-ice valve?


A - To stop ice formation across the primary
heat exchanger.
B - To stop ice formation across the main
heat exchanger.
C - To stop ice formation across the pack
condenser.

What is purpose of the ByPass Valve?


A - To reduce the air flow to the compressor
stage.
B - To modulate the pack discharge
temperature.
C - To increase the air flow to the turbine
stage.

What is the purpose of the RAM air inlet flap?


A - To ensure cabin ventilation in case both
packs fail.
B - To provide air to the pack compressor.
C - To modulate the main air flow through
the heat exchangers.
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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL -


SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Pack Flow Control Valve Pushbutton
Pack Flow Selector
Hot Air Valve Pushbutton
Temperature Selectors
Ram Air Pushbutton
Fan Pushbutton
Self Examination
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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION

PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE PUSHBUTTON PACK FLOW SELECTOR

When pack 1 (or pack 2) pushbutton is pressed in, the The PACK FLOW selector permits selection of pack valve
pack Flow Control Valve electro-pneumatically flow according to number of passengers and ambient
regulates the pack inlet air flow. conditions.
When set to OFF, the pack Flow Control Valve is Select:
maintained closed electrically. - "LO": if number of passengers is below 81,
The pack Flow Control Valve is electrically controlled - "HI": for abnormal hot and humid conditions
to close for:
- Same side engine start, Note: When "LO" is selected and cooling or heating
- Opposite side engine start provided the cannot be carried out, the zone controller
crossbleed valve is open, automatically provides a normal flow and if
- Engine fire pushbutton released out, necessary increases the engine power.Whatever
- Ditching pushbutton set to ON. the selection, the zone controller automatically
provides high flow in case of bleed air taken
and pneumatically controlled to close for: from the APU or single pack operation.
- pack overheat,
HOT AIR VALVE PUSHBUTTON
- lack of air pressure.
When the HOT AIR pushbutton is pressed in, the hot air
Pressure Regulating Valve opens and pneumatically
regulates hot air pressure above the cabin pressure.
When set to OFF, the valve closes electrically as well
as the Trim Air Valves.
Without air pressure the hot air Pressure Regulating
Valve is springloaded closed.
In case of duct temperature above 88oC (190.4oF) it is
TMUAIR30A-T01 LEVEL 1

automatically electrically closed.


When it is electrically closed, the cockpit, FWD and
AFT Trim Air Valves are also closed.
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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION

TEMPERATURE SELECTORS

The COCKPIT, FWD CABIN, AFT CABIN selectors enable the


selection of the desired ambient temperature in the
corresponding zone.
The zone controller takes into account the Mixer Unit
temperature (recircultated air influence) to generate
a Pack temperature demand to satisfy the lowest
selected zone temperature. It also controls Trim Air
Valves to add hot air for other zone fine temperature
adjustment.

RAM AIR PUSHBUTTON

When the RAM AIR pushbutton is set to ON, the emergency


ram air inlet flap opens, provided the ditching
pushbutton switch is in normal position. When it is
released out, the emergency ram air inlet flap closes.
NOTE: The outflow valve automatically opens to
ventilate the cabin when the cabin differential
pressure is less than 1 psi.
In these conditions the outflow valve half opens if
the RAM AIR P/B is pressed in. Otherwise, the valve
fully opens.

FAN PUSHBUTTON

When the CAB FANS pushbutton is pressed in, the cabin


TMUAIR30A-T01 LEVEL 1

recirculation fans run. When set to OFF, the fans stop.


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SELF EXAMINATION

What flow is delivered by the pack with the PACK


FLOW selector on LO and bleed air supplied by the
APU?
A - Low.
B - Normal.
C - High.

What happens when the RAM AIR pushbutton is set to


ON?
A - The ram air inlet flaps of the air
conditioning packs open.
B - The ram air intlet flaps of the air
conditioning packs close.
C - The emergency ram air inlet flap opens.
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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL -


SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Pack Flow Control Valve Pushbutton
ECON FLOW Pushbutton
Hot Air Valve Pushbutton
Temperature Selectors
Ram Air Pushbutton
Fan Pushbutton
Self Examination
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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION

PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE PUSHBUTTON HOT AIR VALVE PUSHBUTTON

When the pack 1 (or pack 2) pushbutton is pressed in, When the hot air pushbutton is pressed in, the hot air
the pack Flow Control Valve electro-pneumatically Pressure Regulating Valve opens and pneumatically
regulates the pack inlet air flow. regulates hot air pressure above the cabin pressure.
When set to OFF, the pack Flow Control Valve is When set to OFF, the valve closes electrically as well
maintained closed electrically. as the Trim Air Valves.
The Pack Flow Control valve is electrically controlled Without air pressure, the hot air pressure regulating
to close for: valve is spring loaded closed.
- Same side engine start, In case of duct temperature above 88ºC(190.40ºF), it
- Opposite side engine start provided the is automatically electrically closed.
crossbleed valve is open, When it is electrically closed, the cockpit FWD and
- Engine fire pushbutton released out, AFT Trim Air Valves are also closed.
- Ditching pushbutton set to ON.
TEMPERATURE SELECTORS
and pneumatically controlled to close for:
The COCKPIT, FWD CABIN, AFT CABIN selectors enable the
- pack overheat,
selection of the desired ambient temperature in the
- lack of air pressure. corresponding zone.
The zone controller takes into account the Mixer Unit
ECON FLOW PUSHBUTTON temperature (recircultated air influence) to generate
a Pack temperature demand to satisfy the lowest
The ECON FLOW pushbutton permits economic or normal selected zone temperature. It also controls Trim Air
pack flow according to the number of passengers and Valves to add hot air for other zone fine temperature
ambient conditions (smoke removal, hot or wet adjustment.
conditions).
- ON: ECON FLOW is selected,
TMUAIR30B-T01 LEVEL 1

- OFF: Normal flow is selected. Normal flow


provides 20% more than ECON FLOW.
A Maximum flow is automatically selected in single
pack operation, with APU bleed supply or when cooling
demand cannot be satisfied.
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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION

RAM AIR PUSHBUTTON

When the ram air pushbutton is set to ON, the emergency


ram air inlet flap opens, provided the ditching
pushbutton switch is in normal position. When it is
released out, the emergency ram air inlet flap closes.
NOTE: The outflow valve automatically opens to
ventilate the cabin when the cabin differential
pressure is less than 1 psi.
In these conditions the outflow valve half opens if
the RAM AIR P/B is pressed in. Otherwise, the valve
fully opens.

FAN PUSHBUTTON

When the CAB FANS pushbutton is pressed in, the cabin


recirculation fans run. When set to OFF, the fans stop.
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SELF EXAMINATION

What flow is delivered by the pack with ECON FLOW


P/B in off position?
A - ECON FLOW.
B - Normal flow + 20 %.
C - ECON FLOW + 20 %.

What happens when the RAM AIR pushbutton is set to


ON?
A - The ram air inlet flaps of the air
conditioning packs open.
B - The ram air intlet flaps of the air
conditioning packs close.
C - The emergency ram air inlet flap opens.
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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL -


ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Pack Flow Control Valve
Pack Flow Indication
Pack Compressor Outlet Temperature
Turbine Bypass Valve Position
Pack Outlet Temperature
Emergency Ram Air Inlet Flap Position
Duct Supply
Hot Air Pressure Regulating Valve
Zone Controller Fault Indication
Cabin Fan Fault Indication
Trim Air Valves Position
Zone Duct Temperature
Zone Temperature
Temperature Unit
TMUAIR508 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION

PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE PACK OUTLET TEMPERATURE

The pack flow control valve indication is normally The pack outlet temperature indication is green.
green. It becomes amber if the valve is not in agreement Amber if temperature is above 90ºC (194ºF).
with the demanded position. XX: invalid signal.

PACK FLOW INDICATION EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP POSITION

Normally, the pack flow indication is given by a green The emergency ram air inlet flap position indication
pointer on a white scale. is green when closed.
PACK FLOW: LO: LOW FLOW
HI: HIGH FLOW DUCT SUPPLY

Note: The flow control indication is amber if the pack Normally, the duct supply indication is green.
flow control valve is closed. Amber if both pack valves are closed.

PACK COMPRESSOR OUTLET TEMPERATURE

Normally, the pack compressor oultlet temperature


indication is green.
Amber if temperature above 230ºC (446ºF).

TURBINE BYPASS VALVE POSITION

Normally, the turbine bypass valve position indication


is given by a green pointer on a white scale.
- C: Cold (valve closed)
TMUAIR508-T01 LEVEL 1

- H: Hot (valve open)


- XX: invalid signal (amber).
UF90100

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TMUAIR508-P01 LEVEL 1
UF90100

ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION

HOT AIR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE ZONE DUCT TEMPERATURE

The Hot Air pressure regulating valve indication is Normally, the zone duct temperature indication is
green when open or closed, amber when faulty. green.
Amber if higher than 80ºC (176ºF).
ZONE CONTROLLER FAULT INDICATION
ZONE TEMPERATURE
The zone controller fault indication appears in case
of controller fault. The zone temperature indication is green.
- ALTN MODE: Primary zone controller fault XX: Invalid signal.
- PACK REG: Zone controller fault (basic
regulation by packs only) The cockpit and cabin compartment temperature is also
- No indication: Zone controller normal displayed on the CRUISE ECAM page.
operation. Zone temperature is normally displayed in green.
XX(amber): Temperature data is not available.
CABIN FAN FAULT INDICATION
TEMPERATURE UNIT
The cabin fan fault indication appears amber if a
fault is detected. The temperature unit of measure is indicated in cyan.
No indication if no fault. ºC: Degrees Celcius.

TRIM AIR VALVE POSITION

The zone trim air valve position indication is given


by a green pointer on a white scale.
- C: Cold (valve closed)
TMUAIR508-T02 LEVEL 1

- H: Hot (valve open)


- XX: Invalid signal.
UF90100

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TMUAIR508-P02 LEVEL 1
UF90100

ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION

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UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION -
SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

CONTENTS:
General
Design Philosophy
Self Examination
TMUPRE702 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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PRESSURIZATION - SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

GENERAL

The pressurization system ensures a cabin altitude


safe and compatible with crew and passenger comfort.
Pressurization is performed by controlling the amount
of air discharged overboard through one outflow valve.

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

The system has two identical and independent automatic


controllers.
Only one controller operates at a time, the other is
in active stand-by.
In normal condition, the system operation is fully
automatic.
The automatic cabin pressure control operation is
dependent on programmed control laws and
information from FMGCs and ADIRUs.
Manual mode permits full pressurization control in
case of failure of both automatic systems.
The cabin altitude can be manually controlled by
operating the outflow valve in manual mode.
Two safety valves are installed on the aft pressure
bulkhead to prevent excessive positive and negative
differential pressure.
The two safety valves are installed above the aircraft
floatation line.
TMUPRE702-T01 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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UF90100

PRESSURIZATION - SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

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SELF EXAMINATION

What is the number of outflow valves and safety


valves ?
A - One outflow valve and one safety valve.
B - One outflow valve and two safety valves.
C - Two outflow valves and two safety valves.

What happens when manual mode is used ?


A - The system continues to operate
automatically.
B - The outflow valve can be manually
controlled to adjust the cabin altitude.
C - The safety valves open.

What is the purpose of the safety valves ?


A - To avoid negative differential pressure.
B - To replace the outflow valves.
C - To prevent excessive positive and
negative differential pressure.
TMUPRE702 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION -
SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

CONTENTS:
Landing Elevation Selector
Control MODE SEL Pushbutton And MAN V/S Toggle SW
Ditching Pushbutton
Self Examination
TMUPRE40A LEVEL 1
UF90100

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PRESSURIZATION - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

LANDING ELEVATION SELECTOR Note 1: In MANual mode, CPC1 has a backup system with
a pressure sensor which ensures excessive
When the LDG ELEV selector is in AUTO position, the cabin altitude warning generation and pressure
system is in normal operation conditions. The landing outputs for the indication on the EIS.
elevation comes from the Flight Management & Guidance
System (automatic operation). Note 2: The MANual mode can only be selected a maximum
In other positions the selected landing elevation is of two times in a single flight. On the third
used (semi-automatic operation). selection, the auto system previously in
When not set to AUTO and as the scale on the LDG ELEV control will remain in the latched state.
rotary selector is inaccurate, use the ECAM CAB PRESS
page to correctly set the landing elevation (if QNH DITCHING PUSHBUTTON
used) or zero (if QFE used).
When the DITCHING pushbutton is selected ON, the
CONTROL MODE SEL PUSHBUTTON AND MAN V/S TOGGLE SW operating controller sends a closure signal to the
outflow valve.
When the MODE SEL pushbutton is in the AUTO position,
the outflow valve is automatically controlled by the DITCHING
active system. The CPCs use the data from the Flight When ON: The outflow valve closes, and in addition,
Management and Guidance System (FMGS) and the Air the emergency ram air inlet, avionics ventilation
Inertial/Reference System (ADIRS). extract valve and pack flow control valves close.
When in MAN position, the outflow valve is controlled
by the MANual Vertical Speed control switch. Note:
When the MANual mode is selected, it overrides the If MANual mode has been selected, the outflow valve
automatic pressure control system. Normally, this mode does not close automatically.
is only used in the event of the failure of both
automatic systems.
The MANUAL Vertical Speed control switch is spring
TMUPRE40A-T01 LEVEL 1

loaded to neutral. It is used to manually control the


outflow valve only when MANual mode has been selected
using the MODE SELector pushbutton.
-UP: the valve moves towards the open position.
UF90100

-DN: the valve moves towards the closed position.

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TMUPRE40A-P01 LEVEL 1
UF90100

PRESSURIZATION - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

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SELF EXAMINATION

Where do you check the correct Manual landing


elevation setting ?
A - On the scale of LDG ELEV switch
selector.
B - On the ECAM CAB PRESS page.
C - No need because it is automatic.

What happens if the MODE SELECTOR is set to MAN and


the DITCHING pushbuttom is set ON ?
A - The outflow valve, emergency RAM AIR
inlet, avionics ventilation and pack
flow control valves close.
B - Only the outflow valve closes.
C - Only the outflow valve is not
automatically controlled to close.
TMUPRE40A LEVEL 1
UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION -
ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Outflow Valve
Safety Valves
System: SYS 1 Or SYS 2
Cabin Differential Pressure
Cabin Vertical Speed (V/S)
Manual Mode (MAN)
Cabin Altitude (CAB ALT)
Landing Elevation
TMUPRE503 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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PRESSURIZATION - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

OUTFLOW VALVE CABIN VERTICAL SPEED (V/S)

The outflow valve position is normally displayed in The cabin vertical speed is normally displayed in
green. If fully open in flight it changes to amber. green. It changes to amber when out of normal range.
It is also displayed on the cruise page.
SAFETY VALVES - Indicated values in green when in normal range,
- and amber when V/S greater than 2000ft/mn up
The safety valve position is displayed in green when or down.
the two safety valves are closed. It becomes amber if - Pulsing advisory when V/S greater than
either safety valve is not closed. 1200 ft/mn.

SYSTEM: SYS 1 OR SYS 2

SYS 1 or SYS 2 indication is displayed in :


- green when active
- amber when faulty
- It is not displayed when inactive.

CABIN DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE

The cabin differential pressure is displayed in green


when in normal range. It changes to amber when out of
limits.
- Indicated values in green when in normal range,
- and amber when less than 0.4 PSI or greater
than 8.5 PSI.
TMUPRE503-T01 LEVEL 1

- Pulsing advisory when ∆P greater than 1.5PSI


during final approach (below 800 feet).
UF90100

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UF90100

PRESSURIZATION - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

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PRESSURIZATION - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

MANUAL MODE: MAN

MAN indication appears in white when the manual mode


is selected.
NOTE: on the cruise page, the CABin Vertical Speed
indication changes as shown.

CABIN ALTITUDE

The cabin altitude is displayed in green when in


normal range. It changes to red if excessive. It is
also displayed on the cruise page.
- Indicated values in green when in normal range,
and red when cabin altitude reaches 9550 ft.
- Pulsing advisory when cabin altitude greater
than 8800 ft.

LANDING ELEVATION (LDG ELEV)

Landing elevation indication is displayed green and


indicated in feet. In AUTO it corresponds to the value
selected by the FMGS. In MANual it corresponds to the
value selected by rotary selector.
- AUTO : When LDG ELEV selector is on AUTO.
- MAN : when LDG ELEV selector is not on AUTO.
- No indication if the MODE SEL pushbutton is
TMUPRE503-T02 LEVEL 1

on MAN.
UF90100

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UF90100

PRESSURIZATION - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

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UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-20-00 GENERAL VENTILATION -


SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

CONTENTS:
Avionics
Lav & Galleys
Cargo (Option)
Controllers
TMUVEN301 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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GENERAL VENTILATION - SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

AVIONICS

The avionics ventilation system ensures a proper


ventilation of the electrical equipment. Air is taken
from different sources depending on the aircraft
configuration and ambient conditions.
Ventilation air is blown to the equipments by a blower
fan and extracted by an extraction fan.

LAV & GALLEYS

The lavatory and galleys ventilation system is used


to remove unpleasant odors before they enter the cabin.
Ventilation air is supplied from cabin distribution
ducts and discharged overboard by an extraction fan.

CARGO (Option)

The FWD & AFT cargo compartments are ventilated by


cabin ambient air coming from the cabin zones through
openings in the cabin floor behind the sidewall panels.
The FWD & AFT cargo compartments are ventilated by
means of an extraction fan or by differential pressure.
Note that the ventilation system is optional and
independent for each compartment.

CONTROLLERS
TMUVEN301-T01 LEVEL 1

The avionics equipment ventilation computer (A.E.V.C)


ensures control and monitoring of the avionics
ventilation system.
UF90100

The cargo ventilation controller controls and


monitors the isolation valves and the extraction
fan of the cargo ventilation system.

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UF90100

GENERAL VENTILATION - SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

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SELF EXAMINATION

Where does the LAV and GALLEYS ventilation air


come from ?
A - From cabin distribution ducts.
B - From pack 1.
C - From pack 2.

What is the purpose of the Avionics Equipment


Ventilation Computer ?
A - To ensure control and monitoring of the
avionics ventilation system.
B - To control and monitor the cargo
ventilation components.
C - To control and monitor the packs.

What is the purpose of the avionics ventilation


system in the avionics bay ?
A - To ventilate the avionics equipment.
B - To ensure the heating of the avionics
bay.
C - To avoid avionics bay structural damage.

How is the FWD cargo compartment ventilated ?


A - With avionics bay ambient air.
B - With air coming directly from the pack
outlet.
C - With cabin ambient air.
TMUVEN301 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION -


SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

CONTENTS:
Blower Pushbutton
Extract Pushbutton
Skin Air Inlet Valve
Vent Indication
Skin Air Outlet Valve (extract Valve)
TMUVEN903 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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AVIONICS VENTILATION - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

The avionics ventilation system is automatically EXTRACT PUSHBUTTON


controlled by the Avionics Equipment Ventilation
Computer provided that the BLOWER and EXTRACT In case of system malfunction, the FAULT light
pushbuttons are set to AUTO. comes on amber and disappears when the EXTRACT
pushbutton switch is set to OVERRIDE.
BLOWER PUSHBUTTON FAULT: -Extract pressure low
-Computer power supply failure
In case of system malfunction, the FAULT light comes -Smoke warning
on amber and disappears when the BLOWER pushbutton OVRD: -The system goes to closed circuit
switch is set to OVERRIDE. configuration.
FAULT: -Blowing pressure low -Air from air conditioning system is added to
-Duct overheat ventilation air.
-Computer power supply failure
-Smoke warning SKIN AIR INLET VALVE
OVRD: -The system goes to closed circuit
configuration. The skin air inlet valve position indication is
-Air from air conditioning system is added to normally green and becomes amber in case of
ventilation air. disagreement or during transit.
-The blower fan stops. The INLET indication is normally white. It becomes
NOTE: If EXTRACT and BLOWER pushbuttons are selected amber in case of blower fan fault.
OVRD, the blower fan stops, the skin exchanger
outlet bypass and skin exchanger inlet bypass VENT INDICATION
valves close, the air conditioning inlet valve
open and the skin air outlet valve partially The VENT indication is normally white. It becomes amber
opens. in case of blower fan fault or extract fan fault.
VENT: Normal (white)
VENT: Blower or Extract fan fault (amber)
TMUVEN903-T01 LEVEL 1

SKIN AIR OUTLET VALVE (EXTRACT VALVE)

The skin air outlet valve position indication is


UF90100

normally green and becomes amber in case of


disagreement. The EXTRACT indication is normally
white. It becomes amber in case of extract fan fault.

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UF90100

AVIONICS VENTILATION - SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING

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UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-43-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT


VENTILATION/HEATING -
SYSTEM PRESENTATION

CONTENTS
General
Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV)
Trim Air Valve
Inlet Isolation Valve
Extraction Fan
Outlet Isolation Valve
Pressure Switch
Ventilation Controller
Heating Controller
TMUVE110A LEVEL 1
UF90100

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FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

GENERAL EXTRACTION FAN

The FWD cargo compartment ventilation system operates The suction of the air is caused by the extraction fan
in two different modes. when it is running.
The first mode operates with the aircraft on the ground The extraction fan runs, when the aircraft is on
and in flight. the ground or in flight, when both isolation valves
The second mode operates in flight only. are open with a ∆P ≤ 1 psi.
- First mode: On the ground and in flight with Note that, in flight only, when ∆P > 1 psi,the fan
∆P ≤ 1 psi. stops.
- Second mode: Only in flight with ∆P > 1 psi.
OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE
PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE
The outlet isolation valve permits the FWD cargo
The hot air is pressure regulated by the cockpit and compartment air to be discharged overboard at a skin
cabin hot air pressure regulating valve above the cabin mounted venturi.
pressure.
The Pressure Regulating Valve regulates pressure of PRESSURE SWITCH
the hot air (4 psi above the cabin pressure) to the
Trim Air Valve. The pressure switch detects a differential pressure
and sends a signal to the ventilation controller.
TRIM AIR VALVE In flight only, when a ∆P > 1 psi is detected by the
pressure switch, the ventilation controller stops
The trim air valve regulates the hot air flow. The hot the extraction fan.
air is then mixed with the cabin ambient air to obtain Note that when the ∆P decreases below 1 psi, the
the desired temperature. controller starts the fan.

INLET ISOLATION VALVE VENTILATION CONTROLLER


TMUVE110A-T01 LEVEL 1

The inlet isolation valve permits the air which has The cargo ventilation system part is controlled by the
been mixed to enter into the FWD cargo compartment. ventilation controller. It controls and monitors the
isolation valves and the extraction fan.
UF90100

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UF90100

FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

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FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

HEATING CONTROLLER

The cargo heating system part is controlled by the


cargo heating controller.
The Heating Controller receives temperature
indications from two temperature sensors and controls
the Trim Air Valve in order to regulate the amount of
hot air added to cabin ambient air.

It closes the Trim Air Valve when:


- one isolation valve is closed,
- the hot air Press Regul Valve is closed,
- the extraction fan has failed,
- the cargo door is not closed and locked.

It also determines the Trim Air Valve position by means


of a step counter (it counts the steps of the TAV
stepper motor).
TMUVE110A-T02 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-43-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT


VENTILATION/HEATING -
ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
General
Cargo Compartment Temperature
Zone Indication
Duct Inlet Temperature
Trim Air Valve
Inlet Isolation Valve
Outlet Isolation Valve
TMUVE1305 LEVEL 1
UF90100

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FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

GENERAL OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE

The FWD cargo compartment can be optionally equipped The outlet isolation valve is displayed in green when
with Ventilation and heating systems. The AFT open or closed and amber when faulty.
ventilation and heating systems are also optional.

CARGO COMPARTMENT TEMPERATURE

The cargo compartment temperature is indicated in green


and given by the cargo temperature sensor .

ZONE INDICATION

The zone indication is displayed in white.

DUCT INLET TEMPERATURE

The duct inlet temperature indication is normally


green and given by the duct temperature sensor.
The indication becomes amber if the duct inlet
temperature is at 80ºC (176ºF) or more.

TRIM AIR VALVE

The trim air valve indication on the ECAM page,


normally shows the true position of the trim air valve.
TMUVE1305-T01 LEVEL 1

INLET ISOLATION VALVE

The inlet isolation valve is displayed in green when


open or closed and amber when faulty.
UF90100

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UF90100

FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

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GENERAL FAMILIARIZATION COURSE 21 AIR CONDITIONING

21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-43-00 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT


VENTILATION/HEATING -
SYSTEM PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV)
Trim Air Valve
Inlet Isolation Valve
Extraction Fan
Outlet Isolation Valve
Ventilation Controller
Heating Controller
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AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - SYSTEM PRESENTATION

PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE VENTILATION CONTROLLER

The hot air is tapped from the bleed air duct and The cargo ventilation system part is controlled by the
pressure regulated by the cargo HOT AIR Pressure ventilation controller.
Regulating Valve above the cabin pressure. The cargo ventilation controller controls the
The cargo HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve regulates isolation valves and the extract fan. In normal
the HOT AIR pressure (4 psi above the cabin pressure) operation they are open and the fan runs continuously
going to the Trim Air Valve.
HEATING CONTROLLER
TRIM AIR VALVE
The cargo heating system part is controlled by the
The trim air valve regulates the hot air flow, the hot cargo heating controller.
air is then mixed with the cabin ambient air to obtain The heat controller receives temperature indications
the desired temperature. from two temperature sensors and controls the Trim Air
Valve in order to regulate the amount of hot air added
INLET ISOLATION VALVE to cabin ambient air.
It closes the Trim Air Valve when:
The inlet isolation valve permits the air which has - the isolation valve is closed,
been mixed to enter into the aft cargo compartment. - the cargo HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve is
closed,
EXTRACTION FAN - the extract fan has failed,
- the cargo door is not closed and locked.
The suction of the air is caused by the extraction fan
when it is running.
It also determines the Trim Air Valve position by means
The extract fan runs only if both isolation valves are
of a step counter (it counts the steps of the TAV
open.
stepper motor).
TMUVE170A-T01 LEVEL 1

OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE

The outlet isolation valve permits the aft cargo


compartment air to be discharged in the area of the
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outflow valve.

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GENERAL FAMILIARIZATION COURSE 21 AIR CONDITIONING

21 - AIR CONDITIONING

21-43-00 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT


VENTILATION/HEATING -
ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

CONTENTS:
General
Cargo Compartment Temperature
Zone Indication
Duct Inlet Temperature
Trim Air Valve
Pressure Regulating Valve
Inlet Isolation Valve
Outlet Isolation Valve
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AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION

GENERAL INLET ISOLATION VALVE

The AFT cargo compartment can be optionally equipped The inlet isolation valve is displayed in green when
with ventilation and heating systems. The FWD open or closed and amber when faulty.
ventilation and heating systems are also optional.
OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE
CARGO COMPARTMENT TEMPERATURE
The outlet isolation valve is displayed in green when
The cargo compartment temperature is indicated in green open or closed and amber when faulty.
and given by the cargo temperature sensor.

ZONE INDICATION

The zone indication is displayed in white.

DUCT INLET TEMPERATURE

The duct inlet temperature indication is normally green


and given by the duct temperature sensor.
Indication becomes amber if the duct inlet
temperature is at 80oC (176oF) or more.

TRIM AIR VALVE

The Trim Air Valve indication on the ECAM page normally


shows the true position of the trim air valve.
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PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE

The Pressure Regulating Valve indication is displayed


in green when open or closed and amber when faulty.
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