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Compliant mechanism

In mechanical engineering, compliant mechanisms are flexible mechanisms that

transfer an input force and displacement at one port to an output force and
displacement at another port through elastic body deformation. These may be
monolithic (single-piece) or jointless structures.

Contents A laser welding robot positions the

workpieces by a compliant
Detail mechanism between table and fixture
Research laboratories and researchers
See also

Since many compliant mechanisms are single-piece structures, there is no need of assembly. With no joints, "rubbing" between two
parts or friction as seen at the joints of rigid body mechanisms is absent. Compliant mechanisms are

Compliant mechanisms are usually designed using two techniques,[1] the first being a pseudo-rigid-body model and the second, the
topology optimization. Other techniques are being conceived to design these mechanisms. Compliant mechanisms manufactured in a
plane that have motion emerging from said plane are known as lamina emergent mechanisms (LEMs).

The flexible drive or resilient drive, often used to couple an electric motor to a machine (for example, a pump), is one example. The
drive consists of a rubber "spider" sandwiched between two metaldogs. One dog is fixed to the motorshaft and the other to the pump
shaft. The flexibility of the rubber part compensates for any slight misalignment between the motor and the pump. See rag joint and

[2] was held on May 19-20, 2011 at Delft, Netherlands.

The Second International Symposium on Compliant Mechanisms,

Research laboratories and researchers

A number of labs and researchers are explicitly researching compliant mechanisms:

Prof. Larry Howell, Brigham Young University Compliant Mechanisms research[3]

Prof. Haijun Su at the Ohio State University[4][5]
Prof. Kota at University of Michigan Compliant Systems Design Lab
Prof. Zentner at Ilmenau University of T
Prof. Martin Culpepper at MIT Precision Compliant Systems Laboratory
Prof. Just L. Herder at Delft University of T
Prof. Engin Tanık and Prof. Volkan Parlaktaş at Hacettepe University[10]
Prof. Jonathan Hopkins at University of California, Los Angeles
Prof. Dennis Brouwer at Twente University, the Netherlands[12]
Prof. Alexander Hasse at Chemnitz University of e
In addition, the following researchers may be doing compliant mechanism research:
The Multidisciplinary and Multiscale Device and Design Laboratory (M2D2) at the Indian Institute of Science,
Prof. Sridhar Kota[15]
Prof. Shorya Awtar at University of Michigan[16]
Prof. G. K. Ananthasuresh at IISc, Bangalore[17]
Prof. Stephen L. Canfield at Tennessee Tech University[18]
Prof. Charles Kim at Bucknell University[19]
Prof. Anupam Saxena at IIT Kanpur, India[20]
, University Park[21]
Prof. Mary Frecker at The Pennsylvania State University
Prof. Guimin Chen, Compliant Mechanisms & Precision Instruments Lab at Xidian University
Prof. Guangbo Hao, Compliant Mechanisms and Robotics Research Group at University College Cork, Ireland
Prof. W.J. Zhang, Soft Body Mechanisms andRobots Research Group at University of Saskatchewan, Canada

See also
Remote Center Compliance

1. Alejandro E. Albanesi, Victor D. Fachinotti and Martin A. Pucheta:
[ review of design methods for
compliant mechnasms.] In: Mecánica Computacional,Vol XXIX, pages 59-72. Eduardo Dvorkin, Marcela
Goldschmit, Mario Storti (Eds.) Buenos Aires, Argentina, 15-18 November 2010.
2. [1] (
Archived (
10112141236/ January 12, 2011, at the
Wayback Machine
3. "CMR Awarded Research Grant from National Science Foundation" ( Retrieved
21 February 2015.
4. "Home Page - DAS 2D/3D"( DAS 2D/3D. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
5. "Design Innovation and Simulation Laboratory"( Design Innovation and Simulation Laboratory.
Retrieved 2015-11-11.
6. "U of M - Compliant Systems Design Laboratory"(
Retrieved 2015-02-21.
7. "FG Nachgiebige Systeme"( (in German). Retrieved
8. "MIT Precision Compliant Systems Laboratory Home"( Retrieved 2015-02-21.
9. [2] ( ( 16, 2012, at theWayback Machine
10. "CRMR" ( Retrieved 2015-02-21.
11. "Flexible Research Group"( Retrieved 2017-12-02.
12. "Precision Engineering"( Retrieved 2018-11-26.
13. "Nachgiebige Systeme"( www.tu- (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-22.
14. "M2D2 Index" ( Retrieved 2015-02-21.
15. "Sridhar Kota |"( Retrieved
16. "Precision Systems Design Lab"( Retrieved
17. "Ananthasuresh" ( Retrieved 2015-02-21.
18. "Stephen L Canfield, Ph.D., Professor of Mechanical Engineering"(
p:// Archived from the original (
d?Itemid=928) on November 20, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
19. "Mechanical Engineering Department: Charles J. Kim"( .buc Archived from the original ( May 13, 2008. Retrieved
May 9, 2008.
20. "index_iitk_32" ( Retrieved 2015-02-21.
21. "Home" ( Retrieved 2015-02-21.
22. "Compliant Mechanisms & Precision Instruments"(
. Retrieved 2015-05-06.

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