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DIAGRAMA DE DISTRIBUCION DE ESPECIES

ACIDO MONOPROTICO
Acido yodico
Diagrama de distribucion de especie de acido monop
pka 0.8 fHIO3=([H]/[H]+ka)
1.2
ka 0.15848932 fIO3 =ka/(ka+[H])
pH H fHIO3 fIO3 suma f 1
0 1 0.86319311 0.13680689 1 0.8
0.5 0.31622777 0.66613942 0.33386058 1 0.6

f
1 0.1 0.38686318 0.61313682 1
0.4
1.5 0.03162278 0.16633753 0.83366247 1
2 0.01 0.05935094 0.94064906 1 0.2

2.5 0.00316228 0.0195623 0.9804377 1 0


0 2 4 6 8 10 1
3 0.001 0.00627001 0.99372999 1
pH
3.5 0.00031623 0.00199129 0.99800871 1
4 0.0001 0.00063056 0.99936944 1
HIO3 IO3
4.5 3.1623E-05 0.00019949 0.99980051 1
5 0.00001 6.3092E-05 0.99993691 1
5.5 3.1623E-06 1.9952E-05 0.99998005 1
6 0.000001 6.3095E-06 0.99999369 1
6.5 3.1623E-07 1.9953E-06 0.999998 1
7 0.0000001 6.3096E-07 0.99999937 1
7.5 3.1623E-08 1.9953E-07 0.9999998 1
8 0.00000001 6.3096E-08 0.99999994 1
8.5 3.1623E-09 0.00000002 0.99999998 1
9 1E-09 6.3096E-09 0.99999999 1
9.5 3.1623E-10 1.9953E-09 1 1
10 1E-10 6.3096E-10 1 1
10.5 3.1623E-11 1.9953E-10 1 1
11 1E-11 6.3096E-11 1 1
11.5 3.1623E-12 1.9953E-11 1 1
12 1E-12 6.3096E-12 1 1
12.5 3.1623E-13 1.9953E-12 1 1
13 1E-13 6.3096E-13 1 1
13.5 3.1623E-14 1.9953E-13 1 1
14 1E-14 6.3096E-14 1 1
cion de especie de acido monoprotico (Acido yodico)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
pH

HIO3 IO3
DIAGRAMA DE DISTRIBUCION DE ESPECIES
ACIDO DIPROTICO fH2C6H6O6= [H]^2/[H]^2+ka1[H]+ka1ka2
Acido ascórbico fHC6H6O6=ka1[H]/[H]^2+ka1[H]+ka1ka2
H2C6H6O6 pka1 4.1 ka1 7.943282E-05 fC6H6O6=ka1ka2/[H]^2+ka1[H]+ka1ka2
HC6H6O6 pka2 11.8 ka2 1.584893E-12
Diagrama de distrib
pH H fH2C6H6O6 fHC6H6O6 fC6H6O6 suma f
1.2
0 1 0.99992057 7.942651E-05 1.258825E-16 1
0.5 0.31622777 0.99974887 0.000251126 1.258609E-15 1 1
1 0.1 0.9992063 0.000793698 1.257926E-14 1
0.8
1.5 0.03162278 0.99749441 0.002505593 1.255771E-13 1
2 0.01 0.99211932 0.007880684 1.249004E-12 1 0.6

f
2.5 0.00316228 0.97549663 0.024503368 1.228077E-11 1
0.4
3 0.001 0.92641244 0.073587556 1.166284E-10 1
3.5 0.00031623 0.79923999 0.200760009 0.000000001 1 0.2
4 0.0001 0.55731163 0.442688363 0.000000007 1
0
4.5 3.1623E-05 0.28474724 0.715252725 3.584755E-08 1 0 2
5 0.00001 0.11181575 0.888184105 1.407677E-07 1
5.5 3.1623E-06 0.03828649 0.961713033 0.000000482 1
6 0.000001 0.01243272 0.987565719 1.565186E-06 1
6.5 3.1623E-07 0.00396527 0.996029742 0.000004992 1
7 0.0000001 0.00125732 0.998726849 1.582875E-05 1
7.5 3.1623E-08 0.00039793 0.999551975 5.009627E-05 1
8 0.00000001 0.00012586 0.999715699 0.000158444 1
8.5 3.1623E-09 3.9789E-05 0.999459295 0.000500916 1
9 1E-09 1.2569E-05 0.998405065 0.001582365 1
9.5 3.1623E-10 3.9612E-06 0.99500918 0.004986859 1
10 1E-10 1.2393E-06 0.984397118 0.015601643 1
10.5 3.1623E-11 3.7911E-07 0.952272918 0.047726703 1
11 1E-11 1.0867E-07 0.863193018 0.136806874 1
11.5 3.1623E-12 2.6519E-08 0.666139407 0.333860567 1
12 1E-12 4.8703E-09 0.386863178 0.613136817 1
12.5 3.1623E-13 6.622E-10 0.166337531 0.833662469 1
13 1E-13 7.4718E-11 0.059350943 0.940649057 1
13.5 3.1623E-14 7.7879E-12 0.019562304 0.980437696 1
14 1E-14 7.8935E-13 0.006270012 0.993729988 1
H]^2/[H]^2+ka1[H]+ka1ka2
1[H]/[H]^2+ka1[H]+ka1ka2
ka2/[H]^2+ka1[H]+ka1ka2

Diagrama de distribucion de especie de acido dipriotico (Acido ascorbico)


1.2

0.8
fH2C6H6O6
0.6 fHC6H6O6
f

fC6H6O6
0.4

0.2

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
pH
DIAGRAMA DE DISTRIBUCION DE ESPECIES
ACIDO TRIPROTICO fH3AsO4= [H]^3/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H]+k
Acido arsenico fH2AsO4=ka1[H]^2/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H
H3AsO4 pka1 2.24 ka1 0.0057544 fHAsO4=ka1ka2 [H]/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H
H2AsO4 pak2 6.96 ka2 1.0965E-07 fAsO4=ka1ka2ka3/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H]+
H2AsO4 pka3 11.5 ka3 3.1623E-12

pH H H3AsO4 H2AsO4 HAsO4 AsO4 suma f


0 1 0.99427852 0.00572148 6.2735E-10 1.9838E-21 1
0.5 0.31622777 0.9821282 0.0178718 6.1968E-09 6.1968E-20 1 Diagrama de distribucion d
1 0.1 0.94558708 0.05441286 5.9663E-08 1.8867E-18 1 1.2
1.5 0.03162278 0.84604465 0.15395482 5.3382E-07 5.3382E-17 1 1
2 0.01 0.63474079 0.3652552 4.0049E-06 1.2665E-15 1
0.8
2.5 0.00316228 0.35463961 0.64533801 2.2376E-05 2.2376E-14 1
3 0.001 0.14803783 0.85186877 9.3406E-05 2.9537E-13 1 0.6

f
3.5 0.00031623 0.05207433 0.9475971 0.00032857 3.2857E-12 1 0.4
4 0.0001 0.01706278 0.98186063 0.00107659 3.4045E-11 1 0.2
4.5 3.1623E-05 0.00544659 0.99111684 0.00343657 3.4366E-10 1
0
5 0.00001 0.001716 0.98745675 0.01082725 3.4239E-09 1 0 2
5.5 3.1623E-06 0.00053084 0.9659752 0.03349392 3.3494E-08 1
6 0.000001 0.00015658 0.90104544 0.09879767 3.1243E-07 1
6.5 3.1623E-07 4.0804E-05 0.74250335 0.25745327 2.5745E-06 1 H3AsO
7 0.0000001 8.2889E-06 0.47697857 0.5229966 1.6539E-05 1
7.5 3.1623E-08 0.00000123 0.22382778 0.77609338 7.7609E-05 1
8 0.00000001 1.452E-07 0.0835544 0.91615574 0.00028971 1
8.5 3.1623E-09 1.539E-08 0.02800465 0.97102431 0.00097102 1
9 1E-09 1.5657E-09 0.00900945 0.98786664 0.00312391 1
9.5 3.1623E-10 1.5647E-10 0.00284735 0.98727986 0.0098728 1
10 1E-10 1.535E-11 0.00088327 0.96849037 0.03062635 1
10.5 3.1623E-11 1.4404E-12 0.00026212 0.90885262 0.09088526 1
11 1E-11 1.204E-13 6.9285E-05 0.75969429 0.24023643 1
11.5 3.1623E-12 7.9244E-15 1.442E-05 0.49999279 0.49999279 1
12 1E-12 3.8077E-16 2.1911E-06 0.24025255 0.75974526 1
12.5 3.1623E-13 1.4408E-17 2.6218E-07 0.09090907 0.90909067 1
13 1E-13 4.8582E-19 2.7956E-08 0.03065343 0.96934654 1
13.5 3.1623E-14 1.5692E-20 2.8555E-09 0.00990099 0.99009901 1
14 1E-14 4.9961E-22 2.8749E-10 0.00315231 0.99684769 1
^3/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H]+ka1ka2ka3
H]^2/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H]+ka1ka2ka3
a2 [H]/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H]+ka1ka2ka3
ka3/[H]^3+ka1[H]^2+ka1ka2[H]+ka1ka2ka3

Diagrama de distribucion de especies de acido tripotico (Acido Arsenico)


1.2

0.8

0.6
f

0.4

0.2

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
pH

H3AsO4 H2AsO4 HAsO4 AsO4