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Protecting enterprise data with Veritas

NetBackup on HPE StoreOnce Systems

Best practices and recommendations using the HPE StoreOnce


Catalyst Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup, VTL, and NAS

Technical white paper


Technical white paper Page 2

Contents
Executive summary ..................................................................................................................................................................4
Introduction to HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup .................................................................................................4
Solution components ...............................................................................................................................................................6
Test Environments ..................................................................................................................................................................6
Network .............................................................................................................................................................................7
HPE StoreOnce Systems ......................................................................................................................................................7
HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup.........................................................................................................................7
Backup throughput performance and deduplication ratios ........................................................................................................... 12
Catalyst over Ethernet (CoE) and Catalyst over Fibre Channel (CoFC) backup testing ...................................................................... 12
Varying Block Size – CoE/CoFC ............................................................................................................................................ 12
Varying Rates of Data Change - CoE/CoFC .............................................................................................................................. 17
Weekly Full and Daily Incremental Backup Schedule - CoE/CoFC .................................................................................................. 21
Veritas NetBackup OST feature testing ................................................................................................................................... 22
Optimized Duplication and Whole Image Optimized Duplication ................................................................................................... 22
Auto Image Replication (A.I.R.) and Targeted Auto Image Replication (T.A.I.R.) ................................................................................ 26
Configuring replication topologies .......................................................................................................................................26
Adding replication topologies ..............................................................................................................................................26
Granular Recovery Technology (GRT) and VMware ................................................................................................................... 27
To install Services for NFS components: ...............................................................................................................................27
Optimization options (VMware) ............................................................................................................................................ 29
Enable file recovery from VM backup ...................................................................................................................................29
Instant Recovery VMware (IR_VMware) ...............................................................................................................................30
Disaster Recovery with HPE StoreOnce Systems and Catalyst ...................................................................................................... 31
NAS backup testing ............................................................................................................................................................. 32
Varying Block Size - NAS..................................................................................................................................................... 32
Varying Rates of Data Change - NAS ..................................................................................................................................... 34
Weekly Full with Daily Incremental Backups - NAS..................................................................................................................... 36
VTL backup testing.............................................................................................................................................................. 38
Varying Block Size - VTL..................................................................................................................................................... 38
Varying Rates of Data Change - VTL ..................................................................................................................................... 40
Weekly Full and Daily Incremental Backup Schedule - VTL .......................................................................................................... 42
Disaster Recovery with HPE StoreOnce Systems using NAS/VTL ................................................................................................. 44
NAS Replication Wizard..................................................................................................................................................... 45
VTL Replication Wizard ..................................................................................................................................................... 45
NAS Recovery Wizard ....................................................................................................................................................... 46
VTL Recovery Wizard ....................................................................................................................................................... 47
Summary ............................................................................................................................................................................ 47
References .......................................................................................................................................................................... 48
Technical white paper Page 3

HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup .............................................................................................................. 48


Veritas NetBackup ............................................................................................................................................................. 48
HPE Data Availability, Protection and Retention Compatibility Matrix............................................................................................. 48
Technical white paper Page 4

Executive summary
One of the most common challenges for enterprises is dealing with exponential data growth. With growth comes several data management
challenges: meeting stringent backup and recovery service-level agreements (SLAs), keeping up the desired recovery point objectives (RPOs) and
recovery time objectives (RTOs), and simplifying and enhancing remote office protection. IT organizations are challenged to do more with limited
budgets and fewer IT resources. Meeting these pain points requires a paradigm shift towards optimized data protection. As a leader in storage,
Hewlett Packard Enterprise is working with Veritas to deliver innovative solutions that modernize data protection for Veritas NetBackup
environments to enable complete protection and delivery of the agreed SLAs.

The IT industry is undergoing a transformation. Data is growing at unprecedented rates and must be retained longer and accessed
instantaneously. Traditional backup and recovery methodologies are too slow and often fail to meet the required business SLAs for today’s data
center. Adding more data protection devices to manage increasing volumes of data leads to system sprawl and increased management
complexities.

Most data protection technologies in use today have limitations, including incompatible technology silos, restricted scale and performance,
untenable SLAs and backup failures, and complex management. To address the limitations of current data protection technologies and provide
greater protection, Hewlett Packard Enterprise offers StoreOnce Systems built on breakthrough scale-out architecture and federated deduplication
technology developed by Hewlett Packard Enterprise Labs. HPE StoreOnce Systems are specifically designed for automated, hands-free backup
that consolidates protection of multiple servers to a single HPE StoreOnce System. HPE StoreOnce deduplication provides more backup data
storage in the same footprint—with a 10 to 20 times increase, depending on the data being protected and the backup schedule. HPE StoreOnce
replication enables cost-effective replication of data to or from remote locations for an additional level of protection.
Target audience

This document is intended for solution architects, database, backup, system or storage operators, and administrators, who are designing,
implementing, and maintaining common backup tasks. It describes the different backup and recovery solutions using HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in
and Veritas NetBackup, provides setup and configuration recommendations and best practices on how to run an effective and efficient backup
environment, and describes backup performance and recovery best practices. Readers of this Technical White Paper should have a functional
understanding of HPE StoreOnce Systems backup concepts and technologies, as well as Veritas NetBackup.

This is not intended to replace any of the existing documentation. For other HPE StoreOnce Systems documentation, refer to
https://www.hpe.com/storage.

Introduction to HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup


The HPE StoreOnce System has a tight integration with Veritas NetBackup—enabled by the HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup.
This plug-in allows NetBackup-managed movement of deduplicated data across the enterprise, from one HPE StoreOnce System to another. This
high efficiency is enabled by the HPE StoreOnce Catalyst interface, which offers multiple advantages for backup to disk compared to traditional
NAS and virtual tape interfaces. HPE StoreOnce Catalyst software was developed to dramatically improve the performance, function, and
integration of backup applications such as Veritas NetBackup. HPE StoreOnce Catalyst delivers deduplication on an appliance server, media server,
or dedicated appliance. Because it uses the same deduplication algorithm globally, data can be moved between platforms without rehydration. HPE
StoreOnce Catalyst allows better utilization of advanced, disk-based storage solutions while increasing efficiency and performance.

HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup offers you:


• Better performance – Achieve significantly enhanced performance by writing to HPE StoreOnce Catalyst compared to traditional disk backup
targets. This is achieved by distributing deduplication processing between NetBackup media servers and the HPE StoreOnce System.
• Simplified management – Centrally control data movement by the Veritas NetBackup backup, which allows single console management.
• Greater flexibility – Move data from one site to multiple sites and enable replication across low-bandwidth networks with the bandwidth-
reducing HPE StoreOnce deduplication.
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Figure 1 shows the data flow using the HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in and Veritas NetBackup in an example environment.

Figure 1. Delivering complete protection from remote office to enterprise data centers
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Solution components
The testing environments exercised different Veritas NetBackup features while implementing the HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in. Backup and restore
throughput and deduplication performance was also tested.

Aspects of the backup and restore throughput performance and deduplication performance are:

• Varying block size


• Varying rates of data change
• Weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule
• Disaster Recovery

Veritas NetBackup OST feature testing includes:

• Optimized Duplication (Opt_Dup)


• Auto Image Replication (A.I.R.) and Targeted Auto Image Replication (T.A.I.R.)
• Granular Recovery Technology (GRT)
• Granular Recovery Technology VMware (GRT_VMware)
• Instant Recovery VMware (IR_VMware)

Test Environments
The backup and restore throughput performance and deduplication performance testing was performed with the following configuration:

• HPE ProLiant DL380 G7 Server – Windows Server® 2012 R2


• HPE ProLiant DL380 G7 Server – Red Hat® Enterprise Linux ®7.2
• HPE StoreOnce 6500 System running software revision 3.16
• HPE StoreOnce 4900 System running software revision 3.15
• HPE MSA 2040 SAN Storage system running software revision GL105P003
• HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in version 4.0.0.580
• Veritas NetBackup version 8

The Veritas NetBackup feature testing was performed with the following configuration:

• HPE ProLiant DL380 G8 Server – Windows Server 2012 R2


• HPE ProLiant DL380 G7 Server – Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2
• HPE StoreOnce 6600 System running software revision 3.16
• HPE StoreOnce 2900 System running software revision 3.15
• HPE 3PAR StoreServ 7400C Storage System using FW build 3.2.2.390-EMU2
• HPE StoreOnce OST Plug-in version 4.0.0.580
• vCenter Server 6 running on an HPE BL460c with Windows Server 2012 R2
• ESXi6 host – ProLiant DL380 G7
• VM – Windows Server 2008 R2
• VM – Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
• Veritas NetBackup version 8
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Notes
• 100 GB of non-compressible, non-dedupable data was used as the dataset for these tests. Unless noted otherwise, 1% data change was
performed between backups.
• For block size testing, 256 KB, 512 KB and 1024 KB blocks were tested. The block size was modified in Veritas NetBackup using the
SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS configuration setting. The default setting is 256 KB.

Network
The HPE ProLiant servers and VMs were all connected via a 1 GbE interface for management traffic. For Catalyst over Ethernet and NAS, the 10
GbE interface was used for data traffic to the HPE StoreOnce Systems. For Catalyst over Fibre Channel and VTL, the 8 Gb FC interface was used
for data traffic to the HPE StoreOnce Systems.

HPE StoreOnce Systems


The HPE StoreOnce Systems used Low Bandwidth Primary Transfer Policies, also known as source-side deduplication. Low Bandwidth leverages
HPE StoreOnce Catalyst source-side deduplication technology. This is the preferred option for copying backups directly to remote HPE StoreOnce
Systems, and it achieves the highest level of aggregated backup throughput, both on and off site. Figure 2 shows the Catalyst Store configuration.

Figure 2. Low-bandwidth catalyst store configuration

HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup


With version 4.0.0 and above, the HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup installation has been enhanced to provide a more user-friendly
experience regarding the use of Content Aware Backups and optimization settings for network compression and network checksums. Enabling or
disabling these features will have an impact on backup and restore throughput and deduplication performance. For more details about the HPE
StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup, visit Hewlett Packard Enterprise at

https://h20392.www2.hpe.com/portal/swdepot/displayProductInfo.do?productNumber=StoreOnceForVERITAS
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The HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup Setup wizard asks whether to enable or disable Content Aware Backups and optimization
settings for network compression and network checksums.

In Windows® environments, the installation setup displays questions, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4.

Note
The new Content Aware Backups feature is incompatible with existing HPE StoreOnce Catalyst stores.

Figure 3. HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup Setup showing prompt for enabling/disabling Content Aware Backups
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Figure 4. HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup Setup showing prompt for enabling/disabling network compression and network checksums
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In Linux, HP-UX, AIX, and Solaris environments, the installation setup displays questions, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6.

Figure 5. HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup Setup showing prompt for enabling/disabling Content Aware Backups
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Figure 6. HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup Setup showing prompt for enabling/disabling network compression and network checksums

The HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for NetBackup version 4.0.0 also uses a new installation path and new configuration file name for Windows
and Linux, HP-UX, AIX, and Solaris operating systems that is different from previous versions of the Plug-in.

For Windows environments:


• The new installation path is %ProgramFiles%\Hewlett Packard Enterprise\StoreOnce.
• The new configuration file is located in %ProgramFiles%\Hewlett Packard Enterprise\StoreOnce\isvsupport\OST\config.
For Linux, HP-UX, AIX, and Solaris environments:
• The new path is /usr/openv/hpe/ost.
• The new configuration file is located in /usr/openv/hpe/ost/config.
• The new configuration file name is plugin.conf.
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Backup throughput performance and deduplication ratios


Testing was performed to evaluate the backup throughput performance and deduplication ratios with Veritas NetBackup and HPE StoreOnce
Systems. The initial backup will typically show a slower speed, which is normal behavior across all target types. This is because the initial data has
to be chunked, compressed, and sent to the HPE StoreOnce System.

Notes
• Backup and restore performance varies between HPE StoreOnce target types.
• All tests used a single stream of backup data to the HPE StoreOnce Catalyst stores.

Catalyst over Ethernet (CoE) and Catalyst over Fibre Channel (CoFC) backup testing
Varying Block Size – CoE/CoFC
When testing backups to Catalyst stores on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was higher for RHEL versus Windows,
with 1024 KB CoFC showing the fastest throughput.

Figure 7 and Figure 8 show Windows and RHEL CoE and CoFC backup throughput performance with varying block size settings to an HPE
StoreOnce 6500 System.

The legend labels are in this format: <Block size in KB> <OS> <Target Type> <Backup/Restore>
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MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256KB Win CoE Bck 256KB Win CoE Res 256KB Win CoFC Bck 256KB Win CoFC Res
512KB Win CoE Bck 512KB Win CoE Res 512KB Win CoFC Bck 512KB Win CoFC Res
1024KB Win CoE Bck 1024KB Win CoE Res 1024KB Win CoFC Bck 1024KB Win CoFC Res

Figure 7. Windows backup throughput performance with varying block size settings
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MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256KB RHEL CoE Bck 256KB RHEL CoE Res 256KB RHEL CoFC Bck 256KB RHEL CoFC Res
512KB RHEL CoE Bck 512KB RHEL CoE Res 512KB RHEL CoFC Bck 512KB RHEL CoFC Res
1024KB RHEL CoE Bck 1024KB RHEL CoE Res 1024KB RHEL CoFC Bck 1024KB RHEL CoFC Res

Figure 8. RHEL backup throughput performance with varying block size settings
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Varying block sizes did not have any significant impact between Windows and RHEL.

Figure 9 and Figure 10 show Windows and RHEL CoE and CoFC deduplication ratios with varying block size settings to an HPE StoreOnce 6500
System.
The legend labels are in this format: <Block size in KB> <OS> <Target Type>
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256KB Win CoE 256KB Win CoFC


512KB Win CoE 512KB Win CoFC
1024KB Win CoE 1024KB Win CoFC

Figure 9. Windows deduplication ratios with varying block size settings


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Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256KB RHEL CoE 256KB RHEL CoFC


512KB RHEL CoE 512KB RHEL CoFC
1024KB RHEL CoE 1024KB RHEL CoFC

Figure 10. RHEL deduplication ratios with varying block size settings
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Varying Rates of Data Change - CoE/CoFC


When testing backups to Catalyst stores on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was higher for RHEL versus Windows
with RHEL 1% CoFC showing the fastest throughput.

Figure 11 and Figure 12 show Windows and RHEL CoE and CoFC backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change to an HPE
StoreOnce 6500 System.
The legend labels are in this format: <OS> <% Data Change> <Target Type> <Backup/Restore>
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

Win 1% CoE Bck Win 1% CoE Res Win 1% CoFC Bck Win 1% CoFC Res
Win 3% CoE Bck Win 3% CoE Res Win 3% CoFC Bck Win 3% CoFC Res
Win 5% CoE Bck Win 5% CoE Res Win 5% CoFC Bck Win 5% CoFC Res

Figure 11. Windows backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change
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MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

RHEL 1% CoE Bck RHEL 1% CoE Res RHEL 1% CoFC Bck RHEL 1% CoFC Res
RHEL 3% CoE Bck RHEL 3% CoE Res RHEL 3% CoFC Bck RHEL 3% CoFC Res
RHEL 5% CoE Bck RHEL 5% CoE Res RHEL 5% CoFC Bck RHEL 5% CoFC Res

Figure 12. RHEL backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change
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Varying rates of data change affected the deduplication ratio between Windows and RHEL. The deduplication ratio was higher for 1% rate of data
change for both Windows and RHEL, whereas lower for 5% rate of data change.

Figure 13 and Figure 14 show Windows and RHEL CoE and CoFC deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change to an HPE StoreOnce 6500
System.
The legend labels are in this format: <OS> <% Data Change> <Target Type>
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Full backups

Win 1% CoE Win 1% CoFC


Win 3% CoE Win 3% CoFC
Win 5% CoE Win 5% CoFC

Figure 13. Windows deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change
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Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

RHEL 1% CoE RHEL 1% CoFC


RHEL 3% CoE RHEL 3% CoFC
RHEL 5% CoE RHEL 5% CoFC

Figure 14. RHEL deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change
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Weekly Full and Daily Incremental Backup Schedule - CoE/CoFC


When testing a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to Catalyst stores on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput
performance was higher for full backups to Catalyst stores using RHEL versus Catalyst stores using Windows.

Figure 15 and Figure 16 show Windows and RHEL backup throughput performance with a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to an
HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
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Figure 15. Windows weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule throughput performance using Catalyst stores
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Figure 16. RHEL weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule throughput performance using Catalyst stores

Veritas NetBackup OST feature testing


The following NetBackup OST features were tested:

• Whole Image Optimized Duplication (WI_Opt_Dup)


• Auto Image Replication (A.I.R.) and Targeted Auto Image Replication (T.A.I.R.)
• Granular Recovery Technology (GRT)
• Granular Recovery Technology VMware (GRT_VMware)
• Instant Recovery VMware (IR_VMware)
Optimized Duplication and Whole Image Optimized Duplication
With optimized duplication, backup images on a storage server can be replicated from one HPE StoreOnce System to another HPE StoreOnce
System that resides in the same NetBackup domain. The ability to duplicate backups to storage in other locations, often across various
geographical sites, helps facilitate data protection and disaster recovery. Optimized Duplication transfers data in 256 KB chunks.

Whole Image Optimized Duplication uses the storage unit's Maximum fragment size to transfer an entire NetBackup image fragment in a single
operation.
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Figure 17 shows a Storage Unit’s Maximum fragment size.

Figure 17. Maximum fragment size used with Whole Image Optimized Duplication

An example bpdm log shows Whole Image Optimized Duplication being invoked and successfully copied.

17:05:15.876 [28872.11168] <4> optdup_start_job_data_timer: begin throughput timer


17:05:15.876 [28872.11168] <4> copy_whole_image: begin copying backup id
gzw12a.ebs.net_1476741323 (duplicate-optimized), copy 1, fragment 1
17:05:56.113 [28872.11168] <4> copy_whole_image: successfully copied (duplicate-optimized)
backup id gzw12a.ebs.net_1476741323, copy 1, fragment 1, 31588375 Kbytes at 785096.931
Kbytes/sec
17:05:56.113 [28872.11168] <4> optdup_stop_job_data_timer: end throughput timer (31588375
40235 785096)

The following are some benefits of optimized duplication:

• Reduced workload on the NetBackup media servers


• Faster duplication, which can occur in the background simultaneously with ongoing backup jobs
• Reduced bandwidth where the copy process sends only changed blocks
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Optimized Duplication is configured using a Storage Lifecycle Policy (SLP) in NetBackup. The SLP manages both the backup jobs and the
duplication jobs. For the backup destination, the Storage Unit of the local or primary HPE StoreOnce System is the target for the backups. For the
Duplication destination, the Storage Unit of another HPE StoreOnce System (secondary) is selected. Then the backup policy is configured to use
the SLP.

Figure 18 shows the Storage Lifecycle Policy screen where the backup and duplication operations are defined.

Note
The minimum HPE StoreOnce software version for optimized duplication to a CoFC store is 3.16.x.

Figure 18. NetBackup Storage Lifecycle Policy screen showing backup and duplication operation settings
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Figure 19 shows a NetBackup job policy with Policy storage configured to use a pre-defined SLP.

Figure 19. NetBackup Backup Policy showing Policy Storage settings using an SLP
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Auto Image Replication (A.I.R.) and Targeted Auto Image Replication (T.A.I.R.)
The Auto Image Replication (A.I.R.) feature in NetBackup addresses the site-to-site replication challenge by allowing storage lifecycle policies to
duplicate selected images between NetBackup Master Domains. The primary purpose of Auto Image Replication is to create off-site copies of
critical backups to protect against site loss.
NetBackup A.I.R. relies on tpman, a Hewlett Packard Enterprise proprietary tool, to create replication topologies between logical storage units. The
HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in uses this information to initiate automatic replication of data. tpman supports m:n NetBackup Domain replication
topologies for A.I.R. operation.

A.I.R. comes in the following configurations:

• Untargeted A.I.R.: The HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in broadcasts the images based on the m:n topology and you cannot choose the replication
targets.
• Targeted A.I.R.: Targeted A.I.R. presents the set of available targets for an A.I.R. operation. You can use the HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in to
send data to selective targets rather than a broadcast.

Note
The tpman tool is still necessary to create the replication topology.

Configuring replication topologies


Hewlett Packard Enterprise provides a command line tool (tpman) for configuration of replication topologies between logical storage units. This
tool provides the capability to add, remove, and show replication topologies between logical storage units and it is installed with the OST Plug-in in
the following locations:
• Windows: %ProgramFiles%/Hewlett Packard Enterprise/StoreOnce/isvsupport/OST/bin/tpman.exe
• Linux, HP-UX, AIX, and Solaris: /usr/openv/hpe/ost/bin/tpman
Adding replication topologies
Add a replication topology between the source and the target logical storage units with the following command:
# tpman --add --source <sts>/<lsu> --target <sts>/<lsu> [--client <client_identifier>]

Where:
• <sts> is the storage server address (IPv4, IPv6, Catalyst over Fibre Channel identifier, or FQDN).
• <lsu> is the logical storage unit. (This is the HPE StoreOnce Catalyst store name.)
• <client_identifier> is the required HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Client Identifier when HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Client credentials are enabled.
tpman will prompt for the password when the command is executed.

Note
The Catalyst over Fibre Channel identifier can be found on the HPE StoreOnce System GUI under StoreOnce  StoreOnce Catalyst  Fibre
Channel Settings. The logical storage unit or HPE StoreOnce Catalyst store name can be found on the HPE StoreOnce System GUI under
StoreOnce  StoreOnce Catalyst  Stores.

Example:
# tpman --add --source 10.0.0.32/COE-PRIMARY --target 10.0.0.40/COE-SECONDARY --client gzw12a.ebs.net
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Figure 20 shows an example tpman command structure where the source HPE StoreOnce System and target HPE StoreOnce System are defined.

Figure 20. tpman example showing the replication topology setup between the source and target logical storage units

Granular Recovery Technology (GRT) and VMware


The OST Plug-in supports Veritas’s NetBackup Granular Recovery Technology (GRT) feature that enables select items from database backups to
be restored on clients. NetBackup GRT leverages Network File System, or NFS, to read individual objects from a database backup image or a VM
snapshot backup. Specifically, the NetBackup client uses NFS to extract data from the backup image on the NetBackup media server. The
NetBackup client uses “Client for NFS” to mount and access a mapped drive that is connected to the NetBackup media server. The NetBackup
media server handles the I/O requests from the client through NBFSD.

NBFSD is the NetBackup File System (NBFS) service that runs on the media server. NBFSD mounts the backup image as a file system folder on the
NetBackup client over a secure connection.

NetBackup uses GRT and NFS to recover the individual objects that reside within a backup image, such as:

• A user account from an Active Directory database backup


• Email messages or folders from an Exchange database backup
• A document from a SharePoint database backup
• An individual file from a VM snapshot backup
To restore individual items from a backup that uses GRT, you must enable Services for Network File System (NFS).

To enable Services for NFS, please see the Microsoft® TechNet article at: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc753928(v=ws.11).aspx.
To install Services for NFS components:
1. Click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Server Manager.
2. In the left pane, click Manage Roles.
3. Click Add Roles. The Add Roles Wizard appears.
4. Click Next. The Select Server Roles options appear.
5. Select the File Server check box, and then click Next.
6. The File Server screen appears. Click Next to view the Role Services options.
7. Select the Services for Network File System (NFS) check box, and then click Next.
8. Confirm your selection and click Install.
9. When the installation completes, the installation results will appear. Click Close to complete the installation.
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Figure 21 shows the Enable granular recovery option on the Attributes tab of the NetBackup Policy.

Figure 21. Enable granular recovery option in NetBackup policy screen


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Optimization options (VMware)

Enable file recovery from VM backup


This option allows restore of individual files from the backup. With or without this option, you can restore the entire virtual machine. You can also
use this option for incremental backups: in the policy schedule, select differential incremental backup or cumulative incremental backup.
To perform a VMware backup to a deduplication storage unit, select the Enable file recovery from VM backup option.
Figure 22 shows the Enable file recovery from VM backup option under the VMware tab in the policy properties.

Figure 22. Enable file recovery from VM backup option


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Instant Recovery VMware (IR_VMware)


NetBackup can recover a virtual machine almost instantly, without waiting to transfer the virtual machine's data from the backup. NetBackup starts
the virtual machine directly from the backup image and makes it accessible to users on the target ESX host immediately. You can copy files
(including vmdk files) without restoring the entire virtual machine.

Access and restore individual files and folders from any type of OS and then delete the virtual machine. (Note for Windows or Linux: Instead of
instant recovery, use the Enable file recovery from VM backup option and restore individual files with the NetBackup Backup, Archive, and Restore
interface.)

By using the Enable file recovery from VM backup option (see Figure 22 above), individual files can be selected for restore using the NetBackup
Backup, Archive and Restore interface.

Figure 23 shows an example of the NetBackup Backup, Archive and Restore interface with a single file selected for restore from a VMware backup.

Figure 23. NetBackup Backup, Archive, and Restore interface

The virtual machine is started directly from the backup image residing on the HPE StoreOnce Catalyst store and is available in seconds or minutes.
The startup time depends on the network speed and storage speed, not on the size of the virtual machine.
The NetBackup CLI command nbrestorevm is used for IR_VMware. This CLI process has been simplified and only requires the use of few
options.
To initiate Instant Recovery (activate the virtual machine). Options without brackets are required.
# nbrestorevm -vmw -ir_activate -C vm_client -temp_location temp_location_for_writes

[-S master_server] [-vmpo] [-vmInstanceId] [-vmsn]

[-vmkeephv] [-vmserver vm_server] [-vmproxy vm_proxy]

[-s mm/dd/yyyy [HH:MM:SS]] [-e mm/dd/yyyy [HH:MM:SS]]

[-R absolute_path_to_rename_file]
[-disk_media_server media_server]
Technical white paper Page 31

Note
Only -vmw, -ir_activate, -C, and -temp_location are required. If the other options are not specified, NetBackup automatically supplies
values for those options from the backup. In most cases, if you do not restore the virtual machine to a different location, you can omit the bracketed
options.

Table 1. Options on the nbrestorevm command for Instant Recovery


Option Description

nbrestorevm Command to initiate Instant Recovery.

-vmw Indicates the type of virtual machine to restore (VMware).

-C virtual_machine The name of the virtual machine as identified in the backup. For example, if the policy backed up the virtual machine by its host name,
specify that host name.

Note: If a virtual machine with the same name already exists on the target ESX host, the command fails. You can change the display
name of the virtual machine in vCenter. As an alternative, use the -R option on nbrestorevm to change the display name or location
of the restored virtual machine.
-ir_activate Starts the restore by mounting the backup image of the virtual machine as an NFS datastore. The datastore becomes accessible to the
ESX host where the virtual machine is to be restored.
-temp_location A temporary datastore on the ESX server where all writes occur until the virtual machine is restored. All writes occur on this datastore
until Storage vMotion is complete or until you are finished with the virtual machine (such as for troubleshooting).
temporary_datastore

Note: This datastore must exist before you run nbrestorevm.


-vmpo Turns on the virtual machine after the restore.

An example nbrestorevm command:

# nbrestorevm –vmw –ir_activate –C vm001 –temp_location temp_loc5 -vmpo

This command starts the restore by mounting the backup image of the virtual machine host vm001 as an NFS store. The temporary location
temp-loc5 is a temporary datastore on the ESX server where all writes occur.

For more details regarding IR_VMware, please see the Veritas NetBackup for VMware Administrator's Guide at:
https://www.veritas.com/support/en_US/article.000116387

Disaster Recovery with HPE StoreOnce Systems and Catalyst


HPE StoreOnce Systems have the ability to replicate data to a remote facility for disaster recovery purposes using replication. The combination of
Veritas NetBackup and HPE deduplication-enabled Low-Bandwidth Replication (LBR) between HPE StoreOnce Systems offers a solution to
protecting servers in remote offices by allowing data to be replicated in a fast, reliable, and automated manner. Data recovery is flexible depending
upon the situation or type of failure.

One of the key features that HPE StoreOnce Catalyst stores provide is allowing NetBackup to utilize Low-Bandwidth optimized duplication jobs
between Catalyst stores. Replicating backup data between HPE StoreOnce Systems is accomplished by properly configuring a backup policy to
contain a set of sequential jobs, one being the backup job and the other being an optimized duplication job (or copy). When a backup job
completes, the optimized duplication job is executed to the alternate HPE StoreOnce System.

In a disaster recovery situation, recovering data from an alternate HPE StoreOnce System is achievable in NetBackup after running an optimized
duplication job. Because the NetBackup catalog is aware of all copies, recovery of data from a NetBackup OST-optimized duplicate copy is the
same as recovery from another duplicate. Through NetBackup's Backup-Archive-Restore GUI, the OST-optimized duplicate copy can be
designated as the primary copy, and then a restore can be initiated. The potential time savings over recovery from a non-OST-optimized duplicate
could be significant.
Technical white paper Page 32

NAS backup testing

Notes
• NFS was only tested on RHEL.
• Hewlett Packard Enterprise recommends that you force synchronous data transfer to avoid out-of-order data transmission. NFS does not ensure
in-order packet delivery between source and target devices. The NFS device should be mounted using the following options explicitly to
mount the HPE StoreOnce System using NFSv3 and force synchronous transfer:
# mount –t nfs –o nfsvers=3,sync,wsize=<size in bytes>,rsize=<size in bytes> x.x.x.x:/nas/<name of
remote share> <local mount point>
Where x.x.x.x is the IP address of the HPE StoreOnce System.

Varying Block Size - NAS


When testing backups to NAS shares on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was higher for NFS shares versus SMB
shares. NFS restores exhibited better throughput performance than SMB.

Figure 24 shows SMB and NFS backup throughput performance with varying block size settings to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.

The legend labels are in this format: <Block size in KB> <OS> <Backup/Restore>
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256 KB Win Bck 256 KB Win Res 256 KB RHEL Bck 256 KB RHEL Res
512 KB Win Bck 512 KB Win Res 512 KB RHEL Bck 512 KB RHEL Res
1024 KB Win Bck 1024 KB Win Res 1024 KB RHEL Bck 1024 KB RHEL Res

Figure 24. Backup throughput performance with varying block size settings
Technical white paper Page 33

Varying block sizes affected the deduplication ratio very slightly between SMB and NFS. The deduplication ratio was higher for 256 KB block size
with NFS, whereas lower for 256 KB block size with SMB.

Figure 25 shows SMB and NFS deduplication ratios with varying block size settings to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256 KB Win 512 KB Win 1024 KB Win

256 KB RHEL 512 KB RHEL 1024 KB RHEL

Figure 25. Deduplication ratios with varying block size settings


Technical white paper Page 34

Varying Rates of Data Change - NAS


When testing backups to NAS shares on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was slightly higher for NFS shares versus
SMB shares. NFS restores exhibited better throughput performance than SMB.

Figure 26 shows SMB and NFS backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

1% Win Bck 1% Win Res 1% RHEL Bck 1% RHEL Res


3% Win Bck 3% Win Res 3% RHEL Bck 3% RHEL Res
5% Win Bck 5% Win Res 5% RHEL Bck 5% RHEL Res

Figure 26. Backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change
Technical white paper Page 35

Varying rates of data change did not have any significant impact with deduplication ratio between SMB and NFS. The deduplication figure below
shows the characterization of data change on deduplication. Higher rates of data change will lead to lower deduplication ratios.

Figure 27 shows SMB and NFS deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

1% Win 3% Win 5% Win 1% RHEL 3% RHEL 5% RHEL

Figure 27. Deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change


Technical white paper Page 36

Weekly Full with Daily Incremental Backups - NAS


When testing a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to NAS shares on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance
was higher for full backups to NFS shares versus SMB shares. NFS restores exhibited better throughput performance than SMB.

Figure 28 shows SMB and NFS backup throughput performance with a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to an HPE StoreOnce
6500 System.
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Backups
Linux-Full/Incr Bck Linux-Full/Incr Res Win-Full/Incr Bck Win-Full/Incr. Restore

Figure 28. SMB and NFS weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule throughput performance
Technical white paper Page 37

The deduplication ratio varied between SMB and NFS. The deduplication ratio was higher for 1% rate of data change with SMB, whereas lower for
5% rate of data change with NFS.

Figure 29 shows SMB and NFS deduplication ratios with a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Backups

Linux-Full/Incr Win-Full/Incr

Figure 29. SMB and NFS weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule deduplication ratios
Technical white paper Page 38

VTL backup testing


Varying Block Size - VTL
When testing backups to VTL on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was higher for RHEL versus Windows. RHEL
restores exhibited better throughput performance than Windows as well.

Figure 30 shows RHEL and Windows backup throughput performance with varying block size settings to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256 KB Win Bck 256 KB Win Res 256 KB RHEL Bck 256 KB RHEL Res
512 KB Win Bck 512 KB Win Res 512 KB RHEL Bck 512 KB RHEL Res
1024 KB Win Bck 1024 KB Win Res 1024 KB RHEL Bck 1024 KB RHEL Res

Figure 30. VTL backup throughput performance with varying block size settings
Technical white paper Page 39

Deduplication ratios between Windows and RHEL with VTL were practically identical.

Figure 31 shows Windows and RHEL deduplication ratios with varying block size settings to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups

256 KB Win 512 KB Win 1024 KB Win

256 KB RHEL 512 KB RHEL 1024 KB RHEL

Figure 31. VTL deduplication ratios with varying block size settings
Technical white paper Page 40

Varying Rates of Data Change - VTL


When testing backups to VTL on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was higher for RHEL versus Windows. RHEL
restores exhibited better throughput performance than Windows.

Figure 32 shows Windows and RHEL backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups
1% Win Bck 1% Win Res 3% Win Bck 3% Win Res 5% Win Bck 5% Win Res
1% RHEL Bck 1% RHEL Res 3% RHEL Bck 3% RHEL Res 5% RHEL Bck 5% RHEL Res

Figure 32. VTL backup throughput performance with varying rates of data change
Technical white paper Page 41

Deduplication ratios with VTL were highest for 1% rate of change and lowest for 5% rate of change.

Figure 33 shows Windows and RHEL deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full backups
1% Win 1% RHEL 3% Win

Figure 33. VTL deduplication ratios with varying rates of data change
Technical white paper Page 42

Weekly Full and Daily Incremental Backup Schedule - VTL


When testing a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to VTL on the HPE StoreOnce System, backup throughput performance was
higher for full backups with RHEL versus Windows. RHEL restores exhibited better throughput performance than Windows.

Figure 34 shows Windows and RHEL backup throughput performance with a weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule to an HPE
StoreOnce 6500 System.
MB/s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Backups
Linux-Full/Incr Bck Linux-Full/Incr Res Win-Full/Incr Bck Win-Full/Incr. Restore

Figure 34. VTL on Windows and RHEL weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule throughput performance
Technical white paper Page 43

Deduplication ratios between Windows and RHEL with VTL were varied. The deduplication ratio was slightly higher for RHEL, whereas lower for
Windows.

Figure 35 shows Windows and RHEL deduplication ratios on VTL to an HPE StoreOnce 6500 System.
Deduplication ratio

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Backups

Linux-Full/Incr Win-Full/Incr

Figure 35. VTL on Windows and RHEL weekly full and daily incremental backup schedule throughput performance
Technical white paper Page 44

Disaster Recovery with HPE StoreOnce Systems using NAS/VTL


As discussed earlier with Catalyst in Disaster Recovery with HPE StoreOnce Systems and Catalyst, HPE StoreOnce Systems have the ability to
replicate data to a remote facility for disaster recovery purposes using replication. In order to setup Replication when using HPE StoreOnce NAS or
VTL features, use the Replication and Recovery sections in the StoreOnce GUI.

NAS and VTL are both replicated the same way using the ‘Replication’ options in the HPE StoreOnce GUI. Figure 36 shows the Replication menu
item in the HPE StoreOnce navigator menu. Before replication options can be used, the NAS and/or VTL devices must already be created on the
HPE StoreOnce System; otherwise, the mappings screens shown in Figure 37 and Figure 38 will not be available.

Figure 36. HPE StoreOnce Replication

Replication ‘Mappings’ are created to another HPE StoreOnce appliance in the same network. The connections for NAS and VTL replication are
supported only over network and not FC. Figure 37 and Figure 38 show the HPE StoreOnce Replication and Recovery Wizards for NAS (Local Share)
and VTL (Local Library) mappings screens. From this point, the Replication Wizard or Recovery Wizard can be started for NAS or VTL,
respectively.

Figure 37. HPE StoreOnce NAS Replication and Recovery Wizard

Figure 38. HPE StoreOnce VTL Replication and Recovery Wizard


Technical white paper Page 45

NAS Replication Wizard


The NAS Replication Wizard provides a guide to setup the target appliance and share. Figure 39 shows the Welcome screen for the NAS Replication
Wizard. After finishing the wizard, the new device is created and replication begins automatically.

Figure 39. HPE StoreOnce NAS Replication Wizard

VTL Replication Wizard


The VTL Replication Wizard provides a guide to setup the target appliance and library. Figure 40 shows the Welcome screen for the VTL
Replication Wizard. After finishing the wizard, the new device is created and replication begins automatically.

Figure 40. HPE StoreOnce VTL Replication Wizard


Technical white paper Page 46

NAS Recovery Wizard


The NAS Recovery Wizard provides a guide to setup the target appliance and share. Figure 41 shows the Welcome screen for the NAS Recovery
Wizard. After finishing the wizard, the new device is created and recovery begins automatically.

Note
If the data needs to be restored from the replication device, the ‘Mapping’ between the devices must first be removed. The old NAS device on the
source HPE StoreOnce System should be removed and rebuilt or fully erased.

Figure 41. HPE StoreOnce NAS Recovery Wizard


Technical white paper Page 47

VTL Recovery Wizard


The VTL Recovery Wizard provides a guide to setup the target appliance and library. Figure 42 shows the Welcome screen for the VTL Recovery
Wizard. After finishing the wizard, the new device is created and recovery begins automatically.

Note
If the data needs to be restored from the replication device, the ‘Mapping’ between the devices must first be removed. The old VTL device on the
source HPE StoreOnce System should be removed and rebuilt or fully erased.

Figure 42. HPE StoreOnce VTL Recovery Wizard

Summary
Enterprise customers demand an efficient, reliable, data growth management backup system environment while keeping costs under control. HPE
provides a variety of reliable data protection storage solutions that address such requirements. HPE StoreOnce Systems using VTL, NAS, and
Catalyst, along with Veritas NetBackup OST, is one such solution. HPE StoreOnce Systems offer high performance and reliability, while addressing
data growth through HPE StoreOnce data deduplication technology. In addition, Veritas NetBackup’s data protection solution brings together a full
generation of traditional and next-generation data protection from backup to disk, to replication management, to tape—under one platform.

In summary, HPE StoreOnce Systems integrate easily with Veritas NetBackup to protect important data for mission-critical applications.
Technical white paper Page 48

References
HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup
The HPE StoreOnce Catalyst Plug-in for Veritas NetBackup, installation guide and user guide can be downloaded from:
https://h20392.www2.hpe.com/portal/swdepot/displayProductInfo.do?productNumber=StoreOnceForVERITAS

Veritas NetBackup
More information regarding Veritas NetBackup software can be found at:

https://www.veritas.com/product/backup-and-recovery/netbackup-8

HPE Data Availability, Protection and Retention Compatibility Matrix


More information regarding the HPE DAPR Compatibility Matrix can be found at:
http://www.hpe.com/storage/daprcompatibility

Learn more at
hpe.com/storage

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© Copyright 2017 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP. The information contained herein is subject to change
without notice. The only warranties for Hewlett Packard Enterprise products and services are set forth in the express
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herein.

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Hat is a registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and other countries.

a00027273en_us, September 2017