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HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOURSELF NOW?

Who am I?
Self-discovery is an essential
personal task.
In whatever way you see
yourself becoming, change is
what remains constant in the
whole process of growth.
• Who you were before…
• Who you are today…
• Who you will become in the
future…
“No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not
the same river and he’s not the same man.”
-Heraclitus
• marks the major
transition stage that
bridge childhood to
adulthood (15 - 21
years)
• full of excitement
and challenges
• For an adolescent,
the world is
expanding,
exciting and
demanding of
energy.
Quest for identity and individuality
• through assertion of independence,
• exercise of personal decisions in relation to what one
wants to be in the future, and…
• establishing meaningful relationships with others
Please answer the following questions:
WRITE YOUR ANSWERS ON ANY SHEET OF PAPER
• What makes you who you
are?
• Am I ready to live alone?
• What are my strengths and
weaknesses?
• What do I want to be in the
future?
• What program should I take in
college?
• What job will fulfill me?
Think about your
interests, skills, abilities,
preferences…
Physical Changes and Body Image
 12-14 years (Puberty → bodily change)
 Sexual maturation
 Middle adolescence –major growth spurt
 Gains in weight and height
 Increase in body mass
 Growth of body hair
 Voice is more deepened or low (boys)
 Body becomes fully developed (girls)
 More concerned with body image
How do I look?
Am I overweight?
Do I look good?
Late part of adolescence –
 You already make specific
preferences on how you would
like to present yourself
1. Prioritize health over beauty.
2. Get help for a healthy body, if
necessary.
3. Avoid being critical of how you look.
4. Be yourself. Accept God-given gifts
to you.
5. Look inside yourself and be your own
inspiration.
6. Love yourself.
7. Appreciate your beauty and other’s
beauty inside and out.
 the distinctive characteristics of the individual
 related
to one’s overall self-evaluation (self-esteem)
and sense of individuality
The personal knowledge of one’s qualities
that helps define one’s self
• Establishing a clear personal identity
• Know what you want, your
strengths that will build your
competence, weaknesses you need
to overcome, and your interests that
should help you make career plans
Role/ Identity Confusion
 Uncertain about yourself
or you don’t know what
to do
 Restriction, lack of
exploration and
identification of one’s
characteristics, values
and direction
a sense that you do not know
who you are, a state of
confusion
 low self-esteem, exaggerated
outlook of yourself, relationship
with others is affected, difficulty
connecting with people
 Identity achievement is not
readily given to you.
Identity – an internal, self-constructed, dynamic organization of
drives, abilities, beliefs, and individual history.
His study extended Erikson’s theory on self-identity
and identified key elements in achieving a mature
identity:
1. Crisis which presents an opportunity to
explore
2. Commitment which keeps you faithful in
your beliefs and values, as well as focused
on identified goals, plans or chosen career
He identified four statuses of youth which
indicate identity issues.

1. Identity Diffused
2. Foreclosed
3. Moratorium
4. Identity Achieved
✓ You have not experienced identity
crisis.
✓ Neither have you explored what you
want to do or want to become.
1. Identity
✓ Thus, you have not made any
Diffused commitments.
✓ There is no focus or occupational
direction yet.
✓ Your personal identity is unclear.
2. Foreclosed
✓ Little or no evidence of identity crisis
✓ You have not personally explored or reflected
things about you.
✓ Nonetheless, commitment is clear.
✓ Yourchoices (like course or career) have been
parentally chosen rather than self-chosen.
✓ Aside from parents, significant others or peer pressure
has influenced you and shaped your identity.
3. Moratorium
✓ You are going through identity
crisis.
✓ You are currently struggling as
you explore areas that will help
you know who you are and
establish your authentic personal
identity (the real you).
✓ You are exploring roles and
testing your beliefs, and perhaps
flexible in your values.
✓ You have not committed yet on
a particular endeavor.
✓ Your commitments, if any, are
tentative.
4. Identity
Achieved
✓ You have become clear
of who you are and have
already decided what
you want.
✓ You know what to pursue
in life and have
established goals to
direct your plans for the
future.
NOTE:
It is important to engage in:
 personal searching
reflection of personal interests
 and values or beliefs

…so that one can personally own his / her


choices and learn to be more responsible.
✓ Need to connect
✓A strong desire to be accepted or to feel that
you “fit in”
✓ You want to be yourself and accepted by others
✓ Widen social spheres and influences
Desire for freedom and independence

How to be Independent
1. Be responsible
→learn to manage time and money
→develop planning skills
2. Know your limitations
3. Remain respectful of adults and authorities
4. Believe in yourself
 Preparation for adult roles
 Career exploration

✓ What do you want to become?


✓ What activities are interesting for you?
✓ In your free time, what do you usually do?
✓ In school, what subjects are you good at?
QUIZ
IDENTIFY THE FF:
1. The distinctive characteristics of the individual.
2. According to James Marcia, it is an opportunity to explore.
3. It keeps you faithful in your beliefs and values, as well as
focused on identified goals, plans or chosen career.
4. One of the status that describes little or no evidence of
identity crisis.
5. In this status - You are going through identity crisis.
6. In this stage, you don’t know who your are. It is also called
the stage of confusion
7-10
ENUMERATE IN ORDER THE FOUR STATUS ACCORDING TO
JAMES MARCIA
11-14 – HOW TO BE AN INDEPENDENT
15-19
FILL IN THE BLANKS: COMPLETE THE FF SENTENCES
15. Social Interest, emotional stability and maturity level
widens______________.
16. You want to be_______ and,
17._____________by others.
18. It is also expanding___________.
19. You want to feel that you ___________.
20. Give one question for career exploration
ANSWER KEY
1. SELF- IDENTITY 13. Remain respectful of adults and
authorities
2. CRISIS
14. Believe in yourself
3. COMMITMENT
15. Social sphere/ influences
4. FORECLOSED
16. To be yourself and
5. MORATORIUM
17. Accepted by others
6. IDENTITY CRISIS
18. Interests
7. IDENTITY DIFFUSED
19. Fit in
8. FORECLOSED
20. Choices are:
9. MORATORUIM
What do you want to become?
10. IDENTITY ACHIEVED
What activities are interesting for you?
11. Be responsible
In your free time, what do you usually do?
12. Know your limitations
In school, what subjects are you good at?