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I.

Objectives
At the end of the 1-hour lesson, 75% of the Grade 2 pupils are expected to:
1. give the opposite meaning of the given word.

II. Subject Matter


a. Topic: Antonyms
b. Concept: Antonyms are two words that have opposite meanings.
c. Source: Soaring to New Heights in Reading 2
d. Materials: printed materials, flashcards, manila paper, colored markers, etc.
e. Value focus: Every child is special.

III. Procedure
Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity
A. Preliminary Activities

1. Pronunciation Drill

Good morning, class. Good morning, teacher.


How are you doing today? Very fine, teacher.

To start our lesson, I have here some words that


everyone should recite. I will read it first and you
will repeat after me. Then, I am going to let you
read these by yourselves.

Alright. Let’s begin.

see
sore
same
sake
What is the common initial sound among the The common initial sound in column 1 is the s
words in column 1? sound.

Let’s continue.

she
shore
shame
shake

What is the common initial sound among the The common initial sound in column 2 is the sh
words in column 2? sound.

2. Motivation

Now, we are going to play a game called “The


Great Opposite Search”.

Each of you will be given one card with a word


written on it. Then you will be given one minute
to look for the person who has the word that
would mean the opposite of your word. You don’t
have to stand to be able to look for your partner
because he/she is just among your group.

Just for example, I have here the word - big. Now


I have to look for the person who got the word -
small. Why? Because small is the opposite of big.
After you find your partner, you will remain
seated and wait for your turn to share the pair of
opposite words you have. The presentation will be
done by group. Understood? Yes, teacher

Alright. On the count of 3, 2, 1 - start looking for


your partners!

Group 1 Group 1
1. hard - soft
hard open clean
2. hot - cold
soft close dirty
3. close - open
hot cold 4. clean - dirty

Group 2 Group 2
long down on 1. long - short
short up off 2. high - low
high low 3. up - down
4. on - off

Group 3 Group 3
1. left - right
left right happy 2. good - bad
bad good sad 3. happy - sad
near far 4. near - far

Group 4 Group 4
big thin quiet 1. big - small
2. day - night
small fat noisy
3. fat - thin
day night
4. quiet - noisy

Group 5
Group 5
boy fast black 1. boy - girl
girl inside white 2. slow - fast
slow outside 3. inside - outside
4. black - white

Group 6
Group 6
wet out full 1. wet - dry
dry in empty 2. young - old
young old 3. in - out
4. full - empty

B. Developmental Activity

1. Presentation of the lesson

So now class, what have you noticed with the pair


of words you have? The pair of words have opposite meanings.

How do we call words with opposite meanings? They are called antonyms.

Our lesson for today is about antonyms - words


that have opposite meanings.

2. Activity

Now, we are going to have another activity and (The class will be divided into six groups)
this time, it will be done by group.

Each group will receive an envelope with tasks


inside. Every group must select their leader. (Each group will select their leader)

But before we start our activity, I have here some


guidelines that every pupil should follow while
doing the activity. Everyone, read.

G - get along with each other


R - respect others
O - offer help
U - use quiet voices
P - participate
S - stay with your group

Now, I will give you 5 minutes to work with your


group. Class, kindly read the directions carefully.
Understood?

Leaders, please come here and get the envelopes


and gather with your group to start working.

Direction: Write the correct antonym of the


words. Base your answers with the pictures
given.

Group 1

hot _________ hot cold

day _________ day night


Group 2

big ________ big small

old ________ old young

Group 3

noisy ________ noisy quiet

girl boy
girl ________

Group 4

short short

______ long
soft _______ soft hard

Group 5

left _______ left right

dirty _______ dirty clean

Group 6

sad _________ sad happy

fast ________ fast slow

3. Analysis

We will now check your work starting from group


1.
Group 1
What are the two objects The two objects given are fire and ice.
given?
Describe the first object. The fire is hot.
So, what word will have an The word cold have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of hot? word hot.
Does the word cold describe
ice? Yes
Are hot and cold opposite in meaning? Yes

What are the two objects The two objects given are sun and moon.
given?
Describe the first object. It is day time when there is sun.
So, what word will have an The word night have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of day? word day.
Does the word night describe the second picture? Yes
Are day and night opposite in meaning? Yes

Group 2
We have two balls in
this picture.
Describe the first ball. It is big.
So, what word will The word small have an opposite meaning with the
have an opposite word big.
meaning of big?
Does the word small describe the second ball? Yes
Are big and small opposite in meaning? Yes

We have an old woman and a


child in this picture.
Describe the old woman. She is old.
So, what word will have an The word young have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of old? word old.
Does the word young describe the child? Yes
Are old and young opposite in meaning? Yes

Group 3

We have a girl and a boy in this


picture.
Describe the boy. The boy is noisy.
So, what word will have an The word quiet have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of noisy? word noisy.
Does the word quiet describe the girl? Yes
Are noisy and quiet opposite in meaning? Yes

What do we have in this picture? We have a girl and a boy in the picture.
Describe the first person. It is a girl.
So, what word will have an The word boy have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of girl? word girl.
Does the word boy describe the
second person? Yes
Are girl and boy opposite in meaning? Yes
Group 4

We have two pencils in this


picture.
Describe the first pencil. It is short.
So, what word will have an opposite meaning of The word long have an opposite meaning with the
short? word short.
Does the word long describe the second pencil? Yes
Are short and long opposite in meaning? Yes

We have two kids in this


picture. One is sitting on a
pillow and the other is sitting
on a brick.

Describe the pillow. It is soft.


So, what word will have an opposite meaning of The word hard have an opposite meaning with the
soft? word soft.
Does the word hard describe the brick the boy was
sitting on? Yes
Are soft and hard opposite in meaning? Yes

Group 5

We have two hands in this


picture. Describe the first
hand. It is the left hand.
So, what word will have an The word right have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of left? word left.
Does the word right describe the second hand? Yes
Are left and right opposite in meaning? Yes

We have two kids in this picture.


Describe the clothes of the first
child. It is dirty.
So, what word will have an The word clean have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of dirty. word dirty.
Does the word clean describe the
girl’s clothes? Yes
Are dirty and clean opposite in meaning? Yes

Group 6

We have two monkeys in this


picture. Describe the first
monkey. It is sad.
So, what word will have an The word happy have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of sad? word sad.
Does the word happy describe the second
monkey? Yes
Are sad and happy opposite in meaning? Yes
We have two boys in this
picture. Describe the first
boy. He is fast.
So, what word will have an The word slow have an opposite meaning with the
opposite meaning of fast? word fast.
Does the word slow describe the second boy? Yes
Are fast and slow opposite in meaning? Yes

4. Abstraction

What do we call the words that were underlined in Antonyms


your work?

Why are they called antonyms? They are called antonyms because they have
opposite meanings.
5. Valuing

We have here an illustration


on the board. Describe the He is tall and white
first boy.
How about the second boy? He is short and black.

We can see that the two boys


are different, right? Yes
So what should we do when
we encounter other people
different from us especially
in the way they look or act? We should respect them.

What else? We should love them.

Anything else? We should accept them.

Why do you think so? Because we are all different from one another.

Other answers? Because everyone is special.

So, if you will encounter other kids like you who


are different, you have to love, respect, and accept
them.
C. Post - Activity

1. Application

Now, we are going to have another group activity.


This game will be called “Bingo Shark”.

Each group will receive these huge bingo cards


filled with random words.

To play the game, I will draw a card from the


stack I have here and I will read the word written
on it. Each group will then mark the word that
contains the opposite or the antonym of what I
have read.

Again, you should not mark the word that you


heard from me but you should mark its opposite
word. Understood?

Now, to win the game, you should be able to come


up with these word patterns - horizontal or
vertical. When your group got one of these
patterns, you have to shout “Bingo Shark!”. The
first group to do this will obviously be the winner
- considering that their pattern is correct.

BINGO SHARK
left quiet happy up

girl big long off

night soft dirty young

open fast hot inside

BINGO SHARK
left quiet happy up

girl big long off


night soft dirty young

open fast hot inside

Vertical

BINGO SHARK
left quiet happy up
Horizontal
girl big long off
night soft dirty young

open fast hot inside

IV. Evaluation

Direction: Fill in the correct antonym of the underlined word in the following sentences. Choose your
answer on the box.

open back

short wet

1. Our door is close but the one next to us is ________.

2. I saw two monkeys at the zoo. One has his front to us while the other has its _______.
3. I have two pet monkeys. One is tall and the other is ________.

4. I saw two monkeys on my way home. One is dry from the rain while the other is _____.

V. Assignment

1) Open your book to pages 140-141 and answer the activity.