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Generating

Unit

Statistical

Brochure

2003-2007

October 2008

Generating

Availability

Data

System

EQUATIONS

Un-weighted

Capacity Weighted*

Average Run Time· ART [SH/Actual Unit Starts]

Starting Reliability· SA [Actual Unit Starts/Attempted Unit Starts] x 100 (%)

Net Capacity Factor· NCF [NAG/(PH x NMC)J x 100 (%)

Net Output Factor - NOF

[NAG/(SH x NMC}] x 100 (%)

Service Factor· SF (SH/PH) x 100 (%)

Availability Factor· AF {AH/PH} x 100 (%)

Equivalent Availability Factor - EAF

{[AH

(EUDH + EPDH + ESEDH}]/PHj x 100 (%j

Forced Outage Rate - FOR [FOH/(FOH + SH}] x 100 (%)

Equivalent Forced Outage Rate· EFOR

[(FOH + EFDH}/{FOH + SH + EFDHRS)] x 100 (%)

Scheduled Outage Factor· SOF (SOH/PH) x 100 (%)

Weighted Service Factor. WSF [r(SH x NMC)/ r(PH x NMC}] x 100 (%)

Weighted Availability Factor M WAF [r(AH x NMC)/ r(PH x NMC)] x 100 (%)

Weighted Equivalent Availability Factor - WEAF

{r (AH x NMC) - r[(EUDH + EPDH + ESEDH) x NMC)/ r(PH x NMC)J x 100 (%)

Weighted Forced Outage Rate" WFOR (r(FOH x NMC)/ r[(FOH + SH) x NMC]) x 100 (%)

Weighted Equivalent Forced Outage Rate - WEFOR

(r[{FOH + EFDH) x NMC]/ r[(FOH + SH + EFDHRS) x NMC]) x 100 (%)

Weighted Scheduled Outage Factor - WSOF [r(SOH x NMC)/ r(PH x NMC)J x 100 (%)

Weighted Forced Outage Factor - WFOF

[r(FOH x NMC)/ r(PH x NMC}] x 100 (%)

*Applies to groups of units only.

Forced Outage Factor· FOF (FOH/PH) x 100 (%)

Equivalent Forced Outage Rate demand - EFORd [(f"FOH) + Ifp"EFDH1J"100 [SH + (f"FOH)] where ip= (SH/AH)

f = (1--' +

/

1

1/

r T J~r

1

+

1

+

1

)

.

r = Average Forced Outage duration = [FOH / (number of FO occurrences)] 0 = Average demand time = [SH/ (number of actual unit starts)]

TOT = Average ReselVe Shutdown time = [RSH / (number of attempted unit starts)]

Unplanned Outage Factor ~UOF (UOH/PH) x 100 (%)

Equivalent Unplanned Outage Factor - EUOF [(UOH + EUDH)/PH] x 100 (%)

Equivalent Unplanned Outage Rate ~UFOR [(UOH + EUDH)/(UOH + SH + EUDHRS)] x 100 (%)

Notes:

f'::quivalent hours arc computed for each derating and then summed. Size of Reduction is determined by subtracting the Net Available Capacity (NAC) from the Net Dependable Capacity (NDC). In cases of multiple deratings, the Size of Reduction of each derating is the difference in the NAC of the unit prior to the initiation of the derating and the reported NAC as a result of the derating.

DEFINITIONS

Actual Unit Starts

Number of times the unit was synchronized to the

transmission system.

Attempted Unit Starts

Number of attempts to bring the unit from

shutdown to synchronization.

Available Hours· AH

Sum of all SH, RSH, Pumping Hours, and Synchronous Condensing Hours.

Equivalent Forced Derated Hours· EFDH

Product of the Forced Derated Hours and the Size of Reduction, divided by the NMC

Equivalent Forced Derated Hours During Reserve Shutdowns· EFDHRS

Product of the Forccd Derated Hours (during Reserve Shutdowns (RS) only) and the Size of Reduction, divided by the NMC

Equivalent Planned Derated Hours· EPDH

Product of the Planned Derated Hours and thc Size of Reduction, divided by the NMC

Equivalent Seasonal Derated Hours· ESEDH

NMC less the NDC, times the Available Hours (AH), divided by the NMC

Equivalent Unplanned Derated Hours· EUDH

Product of the Unplanned Derated Hours and the Size of Reduction, divided by the NMC

Equivalent Unplanned Derated Hours During Reserve Shutdowns· EUDHRS

Product of the Unplanned Derated Hours (during Reserve Shutdowns (RS) only) and the Size of Reduction, divided by the NMC

Forced Derated Hours· FDH

Sum of all hours experienced during Forced

Dcratings.

Forced Outage Hours· FOH

Sum of all hours experienced during Forced

Outages.

Net Available Capacity· NAC

The NDC, modified for equipment limitations.

Net Actual Generation· NAG

Net electrical megawatthours (MWh) produced by the unit during the period being considered.

Net Dependable Capacity· NDC

NMC modified for ambient limitations.

Net Maximum Capacity· NMC

Capacity a unit can sustain over a specified period when not restricted by ambient conditions or equipment deratings, minus the losses associated with station service or auxiliary loads.

Period Hours· PH

Number of hours a unit was in the active state. A unit generally enters the active state on its

commercial date.

Reserve Shutdown Hours· RSH

Total number of hours the unit was available for service but not electrically connected to the transmission system for economic reasons.

Service Hours· SH

Total number of hours a unit was electrically

connected to the transmission system.

Scheduled Outage Hours· SOH

Sum of all hours experienced during Planned

Outages and Maintenance Outages plus any

Scheduled Outage Extensions associated with those outages.

Unplanned Derated Hours· UDH

Sum of all hours experienced during Forced

Deratings and Maintenance Deratings plus any

Scheduled Derating Extensions of any

Maintenance Deratings.

Unplanned Outage Hours· UOH

Sum of all hours experienced during Forced

Outages and Maintenance Outages plus any

Scheduled Outage Extensions of any Maintenance Outages.

INTRODUCTION

This brochure highlights some of the information from NERC's Generating Availability Report (GAR). Statistics are shown for the cumulative five years, 2003-2007, and are calculated using both the capacity-weighted technique and the traditional, un- weighted method.

Generating Availability Report

Continuing the effort to bring timely, useful information to the industry in an efficient manner, NERC again will "publish" the 2003-2007 Generating Availability Report in electronic format. The report is available for downloading from the Internet. A printed, bound version of the GAR is not available.

The electronic GAR consists of a series of formatted files ready for printing on any laser printer set to a condensed font. Ineluded are all the tables and graphs found in previous printed editions of the report, and more. The traditional unit groupings - by generation technology, size and, in some cases, fuel type - have been retained.

The new GAR is available to everyone at no cost. To download the GAR from the NERC home page (http://www.nerc.com)go to "Assessments and Trends," then "Generating A vailabilily Data System (GADS)," then (on the left side in white lettering) "Reports," then "Generating Unit Statistical Brochure" and download the self-extracting zip file GAR2007.EXE. That's all there is to it!

GADS Data Applications

The statistics in this brochure and the GAR are calculated from data that electric utilities report voluntarily to NERC's Generaling Availability Data System (GADS). Operating histories for more than 6,500 eleclric generating units reside in GADS. Data arc reported by more than 230 utilities in the United States and Canada representing investor-owned, municipal, state, cooperative, provincial, and

federal segments of the industry. NERC aggregates these data and presents the results annually in its GAR.

The GAR provides an overview of the availability performance of classes of generating units. More specific data are available from NERC's GADS database to use in detailed unit- or equipment~level reliability, availabilily, and maintainability (RAM) analyses. GADS data are used in a wide variety of deterministic and probabilistic applications to:

benchmark unit performance against statistically validated peers,

conduct loss-of~loadand similar system-wide analyses,

optimize maintenance schedules and prepare

cost~benefitanalyses,

compare the reliability of original equipment manufacturers' (OEM) components, and

prepare reports for state and federal regulators.

You can conduct your own GADS special analyses with a software product called pc-GAR., available from NERC on CD-ROM. GADS data for special applications are also available by calling NERC. Call or e-mail (gads@nerc.com) NERC for further information.

Historical Availability Statistics

Back again this year is the 1982-2007 Historical Availability Statistics (HAS) report. Based on previous GAR publications, this report provides statistics for individual, five, ten, and twenty~three­ year periods.

North American Electric Reliability Council Princeton FOITestal Village 116-390 Village Boulevard Princeton, New Jersey 08540-5731

Phone: 609-452-8060' Fax: 609-452-9550

Internet:

http://www.nere.com

E-mail: gads@nere.com

2003-2007 Generating Unit Statistical Brochure - All Units Reporting Revised April 13.2009

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