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Earthquake Distribution Teacher Preparation

Pamela Schwenk Bookmark the following sites:


Kent State University http://seismo.berkeley.edu/istat/ex_depth_plot/
pschwenk@kent.edu
http://www.volcano.si.edu/reports/usgs/index.cf
At a Glance: Students will use maps to look m?content=worldmap
for patterns between landforms (focusing on
volcanoes and spreading ridges) and depth of
earth quakes.
Explaining the Activity
Grade Level: 8 Show the students how to access the
bookmarked web pages.
Duration: 1 class period Explain that they will be looking at earth quake
depth on the first site and marking areas that
Objectives have only shallow earthquakes in red and areas
that have deep earthquakes in blue. If a region
Students will investigate the evidence for plate has both shallow and deep earthquakes, they
tectonics. should mark it blue.

Student Preparation Remind students to click on the blue rectangles


that show them a cross-section of the fault; this
Students should be familiar with the various land should help them see the connection between
forms that can occur at plate boundaries, such earthquakes and the subducting slab, as well as
as rift valleys, mountains, volcanoes, island help them to understand why subducting plates
arcs, and ocean trenches. have both shallow and deep earthquakes.

Students also should know the different types of The next site shows locations that have
plate boundaries. experienced active volcanism within the last
week. Have the students mark the areas of
Materials recent volcanism on their map, and then have
them mark the mid-ocean ridges on their map
• Blue and red colored pencils, pens,
(on this website, the mid-ocean ridges are
markers, or highlighters.
visible as pale blue lines running across the
• Computer with internet access or darker blue ocean basins).
copies of earth quake depth maps and
volcano maps in color, protected by After the students have completed their maps,
sheet protectors they should read the questions and refer to the
• Earthquake Distribution and Depth websites as necessary to answer the questions
handout on the handout.
• Plate Boundary Map handout

1 – Earthquake Distribution
© NorthEast Ohio Geoscience Education Outreach (NEOGEO)
Ohio Standards, Benchmarks and Indicators Addressed:
Earth/Space Grades 6-8, Benchmark E: Describe the processes that contribute to the continuous
changing of Earth’s surface such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, erosion, mountain building and
lithospheric plate movements.

Grade 8 Indicators:
9. Describe the interior structure of Earth and Earth’s crust as divided into tectonic plates riding on top of
slow moving currents of magma in the mantle.

10. Explain that most major geological events (e.g. earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hot spots, and
mountain building) result from plate motion.

Grade 9 Indicators:
7. Explain sea-floor spreading and continental drift using scientific evidence (e.g. fossil distributions,
magnetic reversals, and radiometric dating).

Resources for Students and Teachers:


http://seismo.berkeley.edu/istat/ex_depth_plot/ -- Earthquake Depths (Berkeley)

http://www.volcano.si.edu/reports/usgs/index.cfm?content=worldmap --Volcanic Activity (USGS)

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© NorthEast Ohio Geoscience Education Outreach (NEOGEO)
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© NorthEast Ohio Geoscience Education Outreach (NEOGEO)
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© NorthEast Ohio Geoscience Education Outreach (NEOGEO)
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© NorthEast Ohio Geoscience Education Outreach (NEOGEO)