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ASTM A106 Grade B Pipe (A106M - 18) is a Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe
for High-Temperature Service. ASTM A106 pipe is always produced by the seamless method and can
be bent, coiled and flanged. ASTM A106 GR B is intended for use in high temperature applications.
A106 Grade B or P265GH is a weldable pressure vessel and boiler steel grade pipe used by the world's
industrial fabricators. This ASTM A106 Grade B Carbon Steel Welded Pipe is typically more cost
effective than ASTM A106 seamless pipe. SA106 Welded pipes are usually more readily available
than SA106 seamless pipe. The longer lead time required for ASTM A106 Gr. B Seamless Pipe can
not only make timing problematic, but it also allows more time for the price of the materials to

ASTM A106 Grade B Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition %
Standard Grade Process C P S Si Cr˟ Cu˟ Ni˟ Mo˟ V˟
max max max min max max max max max
ASTM 0.29-
B SMLS 0.30* 0.035 0.035 0.10 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.15 0.08
A106 1.06
ASTM 0.29-
C SMLS 0.35* 0.035 0.035 0.10 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.15 0.08
A106 1.06
Mechanical testing of the specimens shall include tensile, bending, flattening, hydrostatic and
nondestructive electric tests. Specimens undergoing bending tests shall consist of sections cut from a
pipe. For flattening tests, the specimens shall be smooth on the ends and burr-free, except when made
on crop ends. All tests shall be performed in room temperature. If any test specimen shows flaws it can
be discarded and substituted for another test specimen. Before testing, if a specimen has scribe
scratches, a retest shall be allowed. A retest shall also be allowed if a specimen breaks in an inside or
outside surface flaw.

Maximum Allowable Hardness A106

ASTM A106 grade b hardness: No hardness specific in SA-106. A106 don't have an imposed Brinell
test value but approx 110-150 usually on new pipe A106 grade B. Grade A234 WPB is made from
A106 grade B and have an imposed value of 197 HB maximum.

ASTM A106 Grade B Yield Strength

Grade A Grade B Grade C
Tensile strength, min,
48000(330) 60000(415) 70000(485)
ASTM psi (MPa)
A106 Yield strength, min,
30000(205) 35000(240) 40000(275)
psi (MPa)
ASTM A106 Grade B Pipe Welding Procedure
Carbon steel is a large category of steel that encompasses many varying chemical compositions. Each
type of carbon steel requires different considerations when welding. For example if you choose Low
carbon steel to weld which is typically the most readily welded steel in a room temperature
environment. These low carbon steel suitable for welding include C1008, C1018, A36, A1011 and
A500. Medium carbon steel such as C1045 typically requires preheat and post-heat treatment to avoid
weld cracking. High carbon steel is even more prone to weld cracking than the other two groups of
carbon steel. Welding high carbon steel will most likely require very thorough preheating and post-
heating processes to avoid this. It could also require special welding filler metals.

ASTM A106 Grade B Pipe welding is used extensively for pipe welding, aerospace, aviation,
biomedical implants, fabrication of race cars, choppers, etc.

ASTM A106 Grade B Pipe Types

• ASTM A106 Grade B Seamless Pipe

• ASTM A106 Grade B Welded Pipe
• ASTM A106 Grade B ERW Pipe
• ASTM A106 Grade B Line pipe
• ASTM A106 Grade B Rectangular Tube
• ASTM A106 Grade B Schedule 80/40/60 Pipe

Black Pipe for Low-Pressure Applications

Black pipe is the popular & most demanded pipe for compressed air systems so it is also known
as Black Pipe for low-pressure applications.