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Ministry of Industry

Indonesia’s 4th
Industrial Revolution

Making
Indonesia
4.0

Benchmarking Implementasi Industri 4.0


A.T. Kearney
Making
Indonesia

Industry 4.0 initiative is the global trend in the manufacturing


industry
End of Beginning of Beginning of Today
18th century 20th century the seventies

Ubiquitous connectivity of people,


machines and real time data

First programmable logic


Industry 4.0
controller (PLC) Cyber-physical systems
Modicon 084 - 1969

First production line,


Industry 3.0
slaughter- houses in Use of electronics and IT to further automate the production
Cincinnati - 1870

Industry 2.0
First mechanical Introduction of mass production based on the division of labor
loom - 1784

Industry 1.0
Introduction of mechanical production facilities using water and steam power

2
Making
Indonesia

4IR Country Readiness Index (CRI) measures ~100 countries’


readiness to face Industry 4.0
Country Readiness Index Framework and Drivers
Future of Production Capabilities

Capability to effectively incorporate emerging


technologies into production processes and value chains

Structure of
Drivers of Production
Production
Country preparedness to
capitalize on emerging
Current baseline of production
technologies to transform
their production systems

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Demand Technology & Institutional Global Trade Human Sustainable
Scale Complexity
Environment Innovation Framework & Investment Capital Resources

Effectiveness of
Technological institutions, rules, Ability to
Capacity, Access to
Access to demand advancement and regulations, in participate in The manufacturing The diversity and
education, and resources and
and structure of the ability to shepherding international trade share in the sophistication of
agility of the labor sustainable use of
consumption generate new technological and attract foreign economy production
force resources
innovations development and investment
novel businesses

Source: A.T. Kearney, World Economic Forum 3


Making
Indonesia

The 4IR Country Readiness Evaluation

Initial mapping – country readiness


Country archetypes East Asia and the Pacific Latin America and the Caribbean South Asia
Country readiness score Eurasia Middle East and North Africa Sub-Sharan Africa
Europe North America

Drivers of
production
score (0-10) Singapore
Drivers of Production Rank 2
Structure of Production Rank 11
Malaysia
Indonesia Drivers of Production Rank 22
Structure of Production Rank 20
59 Drivers of Production Rank
38 Structure of Production
Rank
Viet Nam
Thailand
53 Drivers of Production Rank
48 Structure of Production Drivers of Production Rank 35
Rank Structure of Production Rank 12

Cambodia Philippines
91 Drivers of Production Rank Drivers of Production Rank 66
81 Structure of Production Structure of Production Rank 28
Rank

Structure of
production
score (0-10)

Note: Drivers of production shows potential to adopt the 4IR - consist of Demand factor, Technology & Innovation, Institutional Framework, Global Trade & Investment, Human Capital,
Sustainable Resources; while Structure of production shows the existing factors on the ability for 4IR – consists of scale and complexity of production
Source: A.T. Kearney, World Economic Forum 4
Making
Indonesia

5 key lessons learnt from other countries’ 4IR policies

Key lessons for Indonesia


1 • Setting the right aspiration is important to drive outcome
Policymakers should have a clear, actionable, targeted and
Objective impactful objective for IR 4 strategy
– e.g. UK aims to double the share of manufacturing in GDP
• We recommend tech + economic indicators for Indonesia
2
• Priority sectors and key technologies must be identified for
Focus Areas effective resource allocation & success stories
2
– e.g. Germany focusing on IoT and CPS; China -10 focus sectors

3
Budget & • Initial state support and funding is needed to kickstart the
Key points funding adoption; however, complementary private investment is equally
model important

4 • Successful execution of 4 IR blueprint requires this to be a


national agenda with collaborative effort from policy makers,
Stakeholders implementing agencies, corporates, technology leaders and
research hubs
5
• Policy should also address negative implications of IR 4.0, for
Implications example, on SMEs and low skilled labor

Source: A.T. Kearney 5


Making
Indonesia

Countries, who have launched IR 4.0 related initiatives, span


across 3 levels of maturity
Policy launch timeline
2011 2014 2016 2018

Industry 4.01 2011


Advance stages
Advanced Manufacturing 2011
Partnership (AMP) 2.0 of
implementation,
High Value Manufacturing
Others

Catapult (HVMC)1
2011 benefits visible

Made in China 20251 2014

Manufacturing Innovation 3.0 2014

Revitalization/Robotics Strategy 2015 Early stage of


implementation
Industry 4.0 (i4.0) 2015

Thailand 4.0 2016


ASEAN

(Planning phase) Planning

(Planning phase) Planning


Planning
(Planning phase) Planning

(Planning phase) Planning


Policy launch
1. Details included
Source: A.T. Kearney, press research 6
Making
Indonesia

Germany launched I40 initiative in 2011, aimed at driving digital


manufacturing and consolidating technological leadership
Germany’s Industry 4.0 Program Outline

Objective and Focus Industry Program Scheme


• Objective: Establish Germany as lead
market and provider for advanced
manufacturing solutions
Program Impact
• Timeline: 2011- 2020
• Expected
• Focus Sector: productivity benefits
of EUR 90-150Bn
over next 5-10years
• I40 platform has
Climate/Energy Health Mobility become the largest
and most diverse
i40 network
• Mixing public funding (EUR 200Mn) with private globally
Security Communication
financials for research and technology deployment • Has funded over
– SMEs typically get 50% public funding for the 500 I40 projects
• Focus Technologies: IR4.0 related projects
• The platform initiates, funds and supports research
and company-led projects and test-beds and
competence centers for the piloting of production
Internet of Things Cyber Physical Systems systems

Source: A.T. Kearney, press research 7


Making
Indonesia

Singapore clearly leads the ASEAN countries in terms of


initiatives for IR 4 adoption
IR 4.0 Initiatives in ASEAN region
Leader Deep-dive Legacy champions Deep-dive Followers

Singapore Thailand Philippines

• Comprehensive IR 4.0 strategy in place • Thailand 4.0 is aimed at creating a value • A broader manufacturing industry
focusing on capability development, based economy roadmap in place but is yet to be
industry transformation and • Identified 10 priority sectors for implemented
reskilling workforce investment – 5 existing industries and 5 • Appointed nodal agency to coordinate
• Planned investment of SGD 3.3Bn over new industries to support future the process among stakeholders
4 years for R&D in advanced competitiveness • Secured Japan’s backing (investment
manufacturing and engineering • Created a fund of ~$280Mn to investment commitments) to better prepare for IR
– Special programs for industry aligned in R&D for targeted industries 4.0
R&D for robotics and 3D printing
– Alliance with 13 companies to develop
IoT solutions Malaysia Vietnam
• Earmarked SGD 4.5Bn to develop
individual transformation roadmaps for
23 industries across 6 clusters • Govt. close to formulating IR 4.0 strategy - • Ministries reviewing current strategies
Invited suggestions from industry, and action plans with development
– Facilitating SMEs to access advanced
collaborated with other nations trends in IR 4.0
manufacturing equipment's &
expertise • Agreements with Chinese and German • Govt. push on developing IT infra,
players for investments in robotics, incentives to encourage investments
• Commenced New skilling programs as
per industry needs manufacturing, etc. • Working with Siemens for education
• Programs in place to upskill workforce and training for Industry 4.0
for next generation technologies

Source: A.T. Kearney, press research 8


Making
Indonesia

Thailand’s 4IR adoption is an integrated part of the country’s 4.0


economical model which aim to develop into a valued-based economy
Thailand’s 4IR guiding principles
Launch and Key guiding
Key goals Policies
focus areas principles
• In May 2016, The NSTDA, • Focus on developing • Key elements of Thailand • 4IR as a National Agenda
the Ministry of Science and technologies (target R&D 4.0 policies and programs: – Supported by each
Technology, and Autodesk expenditure 4% of GDP) – Change the country’s policymaker
signed a MOU to help • Achieve 5-6% economic traditional farming to smart – Aligned with the nation’s
advance manufacturing farming, traditional SMEs strategic agenda (e.g.
growth level in next 5 years
competitiveness through to smart enterprises, and Thailand 4.0 economy)
adoption of 3D and improve GDP per
technologies and digital capita to ~2.7x by 2032 traditional services to high- • Aggressively encouraging
value services foreign investment
manufacturing capabilities • Reduce social disparity by
– Developing Thailand as a through favorable programs,
• Government is devising a ~30% in 20 years
high-income country by e.g.:
20- year national strategy, • Develop 10 cities into the developing knowledge- – No local content required
“6-6-4 plan”, consisting of world’s most livable cities
six target areas, six based economy, – 100% foreign ownership
• 10 priority sectors for emphasising on research
primary strategies and – No export requirements
four support strategies to investment- automotive, and development,
electronics, tourism, food, – No restriction on foreign
help the country achieve science and technology,
agriculture & biotechnology, currency
sustainable development creative thinking, and
robotics, digital industry, innovation – Deductions for qualifying
aviation, bioenergy and infrastructure costs
medical industry

1. NSTDA - National Science and Technology Development Agency


Source: A.T. Kearney, press research 9
Making
Indonesia

Their 4IR aspirations fall into 3 categories: tech only, econ only
or tech & econ (hybrid) – hybrid most suitable for Indonesia
4IR country aspiration archetypes Not Exhaustive

Most suitable
archetype for
Indonesia to
adopt

Technology Economy Hybrid


Key indicators Key indicators Key indicators
• Sectoral adoption of advanced • GDP, mfg. contribution to GDP, • Economic: GDP per capita, growth
technology exports value of industrial VA1, productivity
• Science & industry partnership • Job creation, skills enhancement • Tech: innovation, 4IR tech market
Country examples Country examples Country examples

Germany Turkey UK US India China Japan Mexico Thailand


(Industrie 4.0) (Intelligent Mfg. Systems (HVMC (Adv. Mfg. (Make in India) (Made in (Robot (Industry (Thailand
Tech. Roadmap ) Catapult) Partnership) China Strategy) 4.0 4.0)
2025) Mexico)
If Indonesia follows this... If Indonesia follows this... If Indonesia follows this...
• Ease of implementation is low as • No urgency to drive • Clear target to improve
tech readiness is limited innovation and technological innovation & tech – where
• Weak direct linkage to overall advancement where Indonesia Indonesia is lagging
economic impact is still lagging in (compared to • Clear linkage to economic
above countries) performance
1. Value-added
Source: A.T. Kearney 10
Making
Indonesia

Industry 4.0 can revive the Indonesian manufacturing sector;


Indonesia should launch “Making Indonesia 4.0” initiative
Impact of Industry 4.0
Direct impact Making Global Top 10
Indirect impact
Indonesia Economy by 2030
4.0
Industry 4.0 Revive
Production
Sector
10% Net Regain net export position
Build Export (the same level as 2000)
Robust Regain contribution to GDP
Economy Better Net
labor Exporter
market Position 2x current1 Enhance output while
Enhance
productivity- managing cost (Similar
Investment to-cost improvement speed to India)
Improve
Enhance Country
Government Financial 2% of R&D Build local innovation
Strength
Spending spending capabilities (Similar level to
share to GDP China2)

1. Based on 2016
2. Indonesia’s R&D spending per GDP is currently around 0.1-0.3%
Source: World Bank, A.T. Kearney 11