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Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 LN-ADA, Technical and Operational Presentation 18. December 2008 1
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 LN-ADA, Technical and Operational Presentation 18. December 2008 1

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

LN-ADA,

Technical and

Operational

Presentation

18. December 2008

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 LN-ADA, Technical and Operational Presentation 18. December 2008 1

1

L-29, undressed

L-29, undressed

L-29, undressed
L-29, undressed 2 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

2

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Contents

Contents

Contents

Plane

Engine

Fuel System

Hydraulic System Oil system

Electrical System

Pneumatic System Oxygen System Pressure Cabin

G-suit

Fire Warning/Extinguisher

ELT Normal Procedures Emergency Procedures

Cabin G-suit Fire Warning/Extinguisher ELT Normal Procedures Emergency Procedures Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 3

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

3

Background for course

Background for course

Background for course

Basic information Normal procedures, emergency procedures

Cockpit familarization

Operational experience

Extended knowledge Study diagarams and drawings in technical manuals Wash the plane and attend maintenance This gives a deeper understanding and more respect

Read Flight Manual Sit i cockpit Fly with instructor

This course material containes more information than just from the Flight Manual. The contents is written to represent the current modification status of LN-ADA and

the norwegian FAA rules. This could easily be modified to

suit other use.

of LN-ADA and the norwegian FAA rules. This could easily be modified to suit other use.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

4

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 PLANE 5
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 PLANE 5

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

PLANE

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 PLANE 5

5

Nose Section Built up by 4 bulkheads Contains Nose wheel 3 oxygen bottles 4 pneumatic

Nose Section

Nose Section Built up by 4 bulkheads Contains Nose wheel 3 oxygen bottles 4 pneumatic bottles

Built up by 4 bulkheads

Contains Nose wheel

3 oxygen bottles

4 pneumatic bottles

Battery

Lid IFF - removed in LN-ADA Hatch for filling

Battery Lid IFF - removed in LN-ADA Hatch for filling Mounted to the cockpit section Shimmydamper

Mounted to the cockpit section Shimmydamper Nitrogen spring, oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Oxygen

oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Pneumatics

oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
oil shock absorber 150 km/t speed limitation! Up and down locks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

6

Cockpit Section

Cockpit Section

Cockpit Section

Bult up by bulkhead #3-10. Pressurized part of the plane

Contains cockpits, instruments, floor, ejector seats, windshield, canopies

of the plane Contains cockpits, instruments, floor, ejector seats, windshield, canopies 7 Russian Warbirds of Norway,
of the plane Contains cockpits, instruments, floor, ejector seats, windshield, canopies 7 Russian Warbirds of Norway,

7

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Centre Section

Centre Section

Centre Section

One piece (fuse and center wing)

Contains fuel tanks, air intake, main gear, engine mount and inner flaps Two tanks built
Contains fuel tanks, air intake, main gear, engine
mount and inner flaps
Two tanks built up by welded
metal. Contains upside-down
reservoir.
Steel
plates
Wing spar at 40% chord
Aft and rear auxiliary spar
8 main ribs + auxiliary ribs
8

Cylindrical Bulkhead #11-19, 24 stringers

Firewall

ribs 8 Cylindrical Bulkhead #11-19, 24 stringers Firewall Mounted to wing spar Nitrogen spring, oil shock

Mounted to wing spar Nitrogen spring, oil shock absorber Up and Down lock 3 wheel doors

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Aft Section

Aft Section

Aft Section

Hollow, can be removerd (pulled off, engine remains on centre section) Contains air brakes, skid and ELT

Bulkhead 20-33, 24 stringers
Bulkhead 20-33, 24 stringers

Detachable tip with light

Skid with shock absorber Hits ground at AOA>12

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

stringers Detachable tip with light Skid with shock absorber Hits ground at AOA>12 Russian Warbirds of

9

Aft Section

Aft Section

Aft Section
Aft Section Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 10

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Aft Section Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 10

10

Tail section Mass balanced, three hinges Three spars, 11 ribs each side. Three mounting points

Tail section

Tail section Mass balanced, three hinges Three spars, 11 ribs each side. Three mounting points to
Mass balanced, three hinges Three spars, 11 ribs each side. Three mounting points to fin
Mass balanced,
three hinges
Three spars, 11 ribs each
side. Three mounting
points to fin
3 spars, 6 ribs
Mass balanced, two hinges
11

Contains tail fin, horizontal and vertical tail, elevator, rudder, elevator trim tab, trim motor

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Outer Wing Panels

Outer Wing Panels

Outer Wing Panels
Static and dynamic balanced. Two hinges
Static and dynamic balanced.
Two hinges

Contains ailerons, outer flaps Mounts for underwing stores

Wing Spar + forward and aft auxiliary spars. Wing Rib # 9-20 + auxiliary ribs Three mounting points to wing centre section

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

spars. Wing Rib # 9-20 + auxiliary ribs Three mounting points to wing centre section Russian

12

Aerodynamic controls

Aerodynamic controls

Aerodynamic controls
Aerodynamic controls Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 13
Aerodynamic controls Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 13

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

13

ENGINE Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 14
ENGINE Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 14

ENGINE

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

ENGINE Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 14

14

Main data, Walter M-701

Main data, Walter M-701

Main data, Walter M-701

Maximum thrust

890 kg

Maximum RPM

15.400 rpm

Weight

330 kg (excluding components, air intake, exhaust pipe)

Diameter

0,9 m

Length

2 m

Single sentrifugal compressor and turbine on the same axle 7 Combustion Chambers

Compression Maximum Air Flow

4.3 : 1 16,9 kg/s

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

on the same axle 7 Combustion Chambers Compression Maximum Air Flow 4.3 : 1 16,9 kg/s

15

Main Components Walter M-701

Main Components Walter M-701

Main Components Walter M-701

Fuel pump

Mount for hydraulic Pump Mount for RPM-sensor Spark plug Oil Filling
Mount for hydraulic
Pump
Mount for
RPM-sensor
Spark plug
Oil Filling

Mount for

generator

Starter

Spark plug Oil Filling Mount for generator Starter Starter controll The grey spark plug wires on

Starter

controll

The grey spark plug wires on the picture are not placed correctly!

16

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Static Engine Parts

Static Engine Parts

Static Engine Parts

Exhaust pipe Heat resistant steel Covered by thermo blankets

4 thermostats for fire warning
4 thermostats for fire warning

Nozzle ring box Aft mount for combustion chambers 47 nozzle guide vanes

Intake housing

Magnesium alloy Mount for starter Oil tank on underside Mount for engine driven components (generator, fuel pump, hydraulic pump, RPM indicator)

Nozzle box

Chrome-nickel steel

Support structure

7 combustion chambers with interconnections.
7 combustion chambers with
interconnections.

Starter

Compressor housing Silium 28 diffusor vanes Forward mount of combustion chambers

Two spark plugs

housing Silium 28 diffusor vanes Forward mount of combustion chambers Two spark plugs Russian Warbirds of

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

housing Silium 28 diffusor vanes Forward mount of combustion chambers Two spark plugs Russian Warbirds of

17

Rotating Engine Parts

Rotating Engine Parts

Rotating Engine Parts
Main axle Turbine 61 turbine blades Blades in Chrome-Molybden- Vanadium Disc in Cobalt-steel Chrome-Nikkel-Vanadium
Main axle
Turbine
61 turbine blades
Blades in Chrome-Molybden-
Vanadium
Disc in Cobalt-steel
Chrome-Nikkel-Vanadium

Compressor

Centrifugal type

24 blades

On the forward side of the compressor a gear transmission to the engine driven accessories is placed. This is drawn in the next slide.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

to the engine driven accessories is placed. This is drawn in the next slide. Russian Warbirds

18

Drive to auxililary components

Drive to auxililary components

Drive to auxililary components

Starter

Drive to auxililary components Starter Hydraulic Pump Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine

Hydraulic Pump

Fuel Pump

to auxililary components Starter Hydraulic Pump Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine axle
to auxililary components Starter Hydraulic Pump Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine axle

RPM-meter

components Starter Hydraulic Pump Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine axle Oil Gear

Generator

Reduction gear

for starter

Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine axle Oil Gear pump Russian Warbirds of

Turbine axle

Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine axle Oil Gear pump Russian Warbirds of

Oil Gear pump

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Fuel Pump RPM-meter Generator Reduction gear for starter Turbine axle Oil Gear pump Russian Warbirds of

19

Engine Instruments

Engine Instruments

Engine Instruments
Engine Instruments Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Tachometer Exhaust Gas Temperature Oil Pressure and Temperature EGT

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Engine Instruments Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Tachometer Exhaust Gas Temperature Oil Pressure and Temperature EGT

Tachometer

Instruments Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Tachometer Exhaust Gas Temperature Oil Pressure and Temperature EGT is

Exhaust Gas Temperature

Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Tachometer Exhaust Gas Temperature Oil Pressure and Temperature EGT is measured in

Oil Pressure and Temperature

EGT is measured in the tailpipe

at four locations

2008 Tachometer Exhaust Gas Temperature Oil Pressure and Temperature EGT is measured in the tailpipe at

20

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 FUEL 21
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 FUEL 21

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

FUEL

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 FUEL 21

21

Fuel

Fuel

Fuel

Internal fuel capacity is 1.030 litres in two inter-connected tanks.

The drop tanks contains 150 litres each.

The tank gauge in the cockpit only indicated contents of internal tanks.

Fuel usage (scheduling) from tanks is automatic, and cannot be altered from

the cockpit.

If fuel is carried in the drop tanks, this will be used when the contents of the internal tanks is down to 7-800 litres. This is observed in the cockpit by the tank gauge being static for the duration of the drop tanks. When drop tanks are empty, a light illuminates on the Caution&Warning panel and the tank gauge continues to decrease.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

illuminates on the Caution&Warning panel and the tank gauge continues to decrease. Russian Warbirds of Norway,

22

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel controls and instruments consists of:

- Fuel pressure gauge

- Fuel quantity gauge

- Switch for electrical fuel pump

- Warning light ”200 litres remaining”

- Isolation switch

- Fuel cock

- Fire cock

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

- Warning light ”200 litres remaining” - Isolation switch - Fuel cock - Fire cock Russian

23

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel Controls and Instruments
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Fuel Pressure

Instruments Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Fuel Pressure Fuel Gauge Switch for electrical fuel pump (”Engine”)

Fuel Gauge

Switch for electrical fuel pump (”Engine”)

24

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel Controls and Instruments

Fuel Controls and Instruments
Fuel Controls and Instruments Warning light, 200 litre remaining Isolation Switch Fuel Cock Fire Cock Russian

Warning light, 200 litre remaining

Isolation Switch

Instruments Warning light, 200 litre remaining Isolation Switch Fuel Cock Fire Cock Russian Warbirds of Norway,
Instruments Warning light, 200 litre remaining Isolation Switch Fuel Cock Fire Cock Russian Warbirds of Norway,

Fuel Cock

Fire Cock

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Instruments Warning light, 200 litre remaining Isolation Switch Fuel Cock Fire Cock Russian Warbirds of Norway,

25

Fuel Flow

Fuel Flow

Fuel Flow

L-29 has the following typical fuel flows:

1000 l/t at full power at low altitude

450

l/t at cruise (87 %) at 5.000 feet

330

l/t at cruise (91 %) at 20.000 feet

100

litres is consumed before airborne

400

litres remaining must be regarded as a return-home-level at local flights

75 litres is consumed in a typical landing pattern.

200 litres remaining is the leas allowable fuel level, only to be used in the

pattern.

A typical training flight of 1 hour involving some aerobatics typically consumes 650 litres.

The Flight Manual has several graphs of fuel flows to be consulted for exact

figures of the above general numbers.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

graphs of fuel flows to be consulted for exact figures of the above general numbers. Russian

26

Fuel Tanks Welded metall Reservoir for inverted flight Inner stiffeners 27 Russian Warbirds of Norway,

Fuel Tanks

Fuel Tanks Welded metall Reservoir for inverted flight Inner stiffeners 27 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
Fuel Tanks Welded metall Reservoir for inverted flight Inner stiffeners 27 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Welded metall Reservoir for inverted flight Inner stiffeners

27

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Fuel

Pressurized air from engine

Pressurized air from pneumatic system

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

P Forward tank Drop Drop 670 l Tank gauge tank tank 150 l 150 l
P
Forward tank
Drop
Drop
670
l
Tank gauge
tank
tank
150 l
150 l
Aft tank
360
l
Float valve
Excessive
LP
fuel
P
To High
Pressure

system

valve Excessive LP fuel P To High Pressure system Omitted Vents Electricals Draining Refilling One-way valve

Omitted

Vents

Electricals

Draining

Refilling

One-way valve

Pressure Sensor

Filter

Pump

Closing cock

Valve

28

Simplified Diagram with pictures

Simplified Diagram with pictures

Simplified Diagram with pictures
P Forward tank Drop Drop 670 l Tank gauge tank tank 150 l 150 l
P
Forward tank
Drop
Drop
670 l
Tank gauge
tank
tank
150 l
150 l
Aft tank
360
l
Float valve
LP
P
670 l Tank gauge tank tank 150 l 150 l Aft tank 360 l Float valve

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

29

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Fuel

Air pressure from inlet

Servo Pressure

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

From Low- Pressure system Start Controll HP RPM limiter B Isolation Valve T A P
From
Low-
Pressure
system
Start Controll
HP
RPM limiter
B
Isolation Valve
T
A
P

Omitted:

Discharge system

Duplicate burner manifolds

PumpT A P Omitted: Discharge system Duplicate burner manifolds Closing cock Throttle valve Aksellerasjonskontroll Barostat

Closing cockA P Omitted: Discharge system Duplicate burner manifolds Pump Throttle valve Aksellerasjonskontroll Barostat controll 30

Throttle valveT A P Omitted: Discharge system Duplicate burner manifolds Pump Closing cock Aksellerasjonskontroll Barostat controll 30

AksellerasjonskontrollValve T A P Omitted: Discharge system Duplicate burner manifolds Pump Closing cock Throttle valve Barostat

Barostat controllT A P Omitted: Discharge system Duplicate burner manifolds Pump Closing cock Throttle valve Aksellerasjonskontroll 30

Discharge system Duplicate burner manifolds Pump Closing cock Throttle valve Aksellerasjonskontroll Barostat controll 30

30

Simplified Diagram with pictures

Simplified Diagram with pictures

Simplified Diagram with pictures

From

Low-

Pressure system Start Controll HP RPM limiter B Isolation Valve T A P
Pressure
system
Start Controll
HP
RPM limiter
B
Isolation Valve
T
A
P
Low- Pressure system Start Controll HP RPM limiter B Isolation Valve T A P Russian Warbirds
Low- Pressure system Start Controll HP RPM limiter B Isolation Valve T A P Russian Warbirds

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Low- Pressure system Start Controll HP RPM limiter B Isolation Valve T A P Russian Warbirds

31

Drop tanks

Drop tanks

Drop tanks

Arming of automatic drop function (manual is always armed!)

Arming of automatic drop function (manual is always armed!) Light indicates that droptanks are connectedd (if
Arming of automatic drop function (manual is always armed!) Light indicates that droptanks are connectedd (if
Arming of automatic drop function (manual is always armed!) Light indicates that droptanks are connectedd (if
Arming of automatic drop function (manual is always armed!) Light indicates that droptanks are connectedd (if

Light indicates that droptanks are connectedd (if swithc is on)

indicates that droptanks are connectedd (if swithc is on) Light indicates that droptanks are empty, or

Light indicates that droptanks are empty, or that there is not sufficient air pressure to transfer fuel to main tanks.

32

sufficient air pressure to transfer fuel to main tanks. 32 Switch controls light (in other words

Switch controls light (in other

words only a convenience

function)

Manal dropping of tanks

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

controls light (in other words only a convenience function) Manal dropping of tanks Russian Warbirds of
Fuel System Components

Fuel System Components

Fuel System Components

The picture shows the engine right under-side.

Spark plug (one of two)

Combustion

Chamber

Main and

duplicate

burner

manifold

two) Combustion Chamber Main and duplicate burner manifold Two fuel lines to collector rings Fuel Control

Two fuel lines to collector rings

Fuel Control

HP fuel shut off valve (the lever beside the throttle)

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

to collector rings Fuel Control HP fuel shut off valve (the lever beside the throttle) Russian

33

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 34
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 34

HYDRAULIC

SYSTEM

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 34

34

Main Points

Main Points

Main Points

The Hydraulic System in the L-29 operates:

Flaps Landing Gear Air Brakes

Normal source of hydraulic power is an engine driven pump

Alternative (emergency) power soure is two tanks pre-charged with Nitrogen

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

pump Alternative (emergency) power soure is two tanks pre-charged with Nitrogen Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

35

Simplified Diagram, without emerg. part

Simplified Diagram, without emerg. part

Simplified Diagram, without emerg. part

Hydraulic pipeSimplified Diagram, without emerg. part Air pipe   Air pressure from engine Hydraulic fluid P Pressure

Air pipeSimplified Diagram, without emerg. part Hydraulic pipe   Air pressure from engine Hydraulic fluid P

 

Air pressure from engine

Hydraulic fluid

P

Pressure Sensor

One-way valve

Valve

Actuator

Electromagnetic valve

Refill

Pump

Pressure reduction valveActuator Electromagnetic valve Refill Pump Filter Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake

Filtervalve Refill Pump Pressure reduction valve Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out

Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve Actuator 0,7 bar
Control valve
for air brake
Actuator for
air brake
Out
Control valve
Actuator
0,7 bar
for flaps
P
for flaps
100 bar
Hydraulic tank
Down
6,7 l
Control valve
Actuator for
for gear
gear
Down

Omitted:

Operation and sequence of gear doors

Electrical lines

Bake signal to wheels at retraction

Dual operatoin and instrumentation

Return lines

Test connection

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

wheels at retraction Dual operatoin and instrumentation Return lines Test connection Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

36

Simplified Diagram, with Emerg. part

Simplified Diagram, with Emerg. part

Simplified Diagram, with Emerg. part

Main CircuitSimplified Diagram, with Emerg. part Emergency Circuit Air Nitrogen   Air pressure from engine Hydraulic fluid

Emergency CircuitSimplified Diagram, with Emerg. part Main Circuit Air Nitrogen   Air pressure from engine Hydraulic fluid

AirDiagram, with Emerg. part Main Circuit Emergency Circuit Nitrogen   Air pressure from engine Hydraulic fluid

NitrogenDiagram, with Emerg. part Main Circuit Emergency Circuit Air   Air pressure from engine Hydraulic fluid

 

Air pressure from engine

Hydraulic fluid

P

Pressure Sensor

One-way valve

Valve

Actuator

Electromagnetic valve

Refill

Pump

Pressure reduction valve

Pressure reduction valve

Filter

Filter

Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve Actuator 0,7 bar
Control valve
for air brake
Actuator for
air brake
Out
Control valve
Actuator
0,7 bar
for flaps
P
for flaps
100 bar
Hydraulic tank
Down
6,7 l
Control valve
Actuator for
for gear
gear
Accumulator
refill
Down
Emergency
valve for flaps
extension
50 bar
50 bar
1,3
l
1,3
l
P
Emergency
valve for gear
extension
Pressure
dump valve

Omitted:

Operation and sequence of gear doors

Electrical lines

Bake signal to wheels at retraction

Dual operatoin and instrumentation

Return lines

Test connection

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

wheels at retraction Dual operatoin and instrumentation Return lines Test connection Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

37

Hydraulic Indicators and Actuators Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control

Hydraulic Indicators and Actuators

Hydraulic Indicators and Actuators Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve
Hydraulic Indicators and Actuators Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve
Hydraulic Indicators and Actuators Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve
Hydraulic Indicators and Actuators Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve
Control valve for air brake Actuator for air brake Out Control valve Actuator 0,7 bar
Control valve
for air brake
Actuator for
air brake
Out
Control valve
Actuator
0,7 bar
for flaps
P
for flaps
100 bar
Hydraulic tank
6,7 l
Control valve
Actuator for
for gear
gear
Accumulator
refill
Emergency
valve for flaps
extension
50 bar
50 bar
1,3
l
1,3
l
P
Emergency
valve for gear
extension
Pressure
dump valve

Down

Down

l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds
l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds
l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds
l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds
l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds

38

l 1,3 l P Emergency valve for gear extension Pressure dump valve Down Down Russian Warbirds
Hydraulisk system, overview

Hydraulisk system, overview

Hydraulisk system, overview

Valves for the

Hydraulic

hydraulic circuits Hydraulic tank ??? pump for Air brakes Left Flap actuator Accumulators Left Main
hydraulic circuits
Hydraulic
tank
???
pump
for Air
brakes
Left Flap
actuator
Accumulators
Left Main
(emergency
Left Flap actuator Accumulators Left Main (emergency pressure) Gear Actuators Actuators Nose wheel actuator

pressure)

Gear

Actuators

Actuators

Nose wheel actuator

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Left Main (emergency pressure) Gear Actuators Actuators Nose wheel actuator Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 39

39

Hydraulic components

Hydraulic components

Hydraulic components

Hydraulic

pump

Hydraulic components Hydraulic pump Hydraulic tank One-way valve and filter for hydraulic tank vent Hydraulic filter

Hydraulic

tank

One-way

valve and

filter for

hydraulic

tank vent

Hydraulic

filter

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

pump Hydraulic tank One-way valve and filter for hydraulic tank vent Hydraulic filter Russian Warbirds of

40

OIL SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 41
OIL SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 41

OIL SYSTEM

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

OIL SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 41

41

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram
Starter Engine driven components T P Forward ball bearing Oil tank Gears to engine driven
Starter
Engine driven
components
T
P
Forward ball bearing
Oil tank
Gears to engine driven components
3,5 l
Aft ball
bearing
Oil Cooler

Oil Cooler

P
P

Pressure Sensor

T
T

Temperature Sensor

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

T Temperature Sensor Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Filter Pump Over Pressure Valve Omitted: Filler and

Filter

Pump

Over Pressure Valve

Warbirds of Norway, 2008 Filter Pump Over Pressure Valve Omitted: Filler and dip stick Ventilation Gravity

Omitted:

Filler and dip stick Ventilation Gravity valves Oil Sump

42

From Technical Documents

From Technical Documents

From Technical Documents
Temperature and pressure sensors Over pressure valve
Temperature and
pressure sensors
Over pressure valve
Temperature and pressure sensors Over pressure valve Circuit 1 Circuit 2 Return lines Oil cooler Oil
Temperature and pressure sensors Over pressure valve Circuit 1 Circuit 2 Return lines Oil cooler Oil
Temperature and pressure sensors Over pressure valve Circuit 1 Circuit 2 Return lines Oil cooler Oil

Circuit 1

Circuit 2

Return lines

Oil cooler

pressure valve Circuit 1 Circuit 2 Return lines Oil cooler Oil filters Oil gear pumps 43

Oil filters

Oil gear pumps

43

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 44
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 44

ELECTRICAL

SYSTEM

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 44

44

Main Points

Main Points

Main Points

The electrical system in the L-29 consists of a battery that is charged by an engine-driven generator.

The electrical system powers starter, radio, instruments, singals to the flaps/gear/airbrakes, flap elevator trim, Caution and Warning panel, ignition, fuel pump, lights etc.

The electrical system is controlled mainly by a panel of 10 switches, a panel

of 24 fuses and some other swithes around the cockpit.

A Volt/Amperemeter indicates the condition of the batteriet and current flow.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

A Volt/Amperemeter indicates the condition of the batteriet and current flow. Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

45

Generator

Generator

Generator

The generator har a 3kW capacity and is mounted in the 10 o’clock position

(seen in the direction of flight) in front of the engine.

The generator is cooled by air directed from a scoop outside the fuselage. The hot air is directed in a pipe with an outled above the exhaust pipe

is directed in a pipe with an outled above the exhaust pipe Hot Air out Cooling
is directed in a pipe with an outled above the exhaust pipe Hot Air out Cooling

Hot Air out

is directed in a pipe with an outled above the exhaust pipe Hot Air out Cooling
is directed in a pipe with an outled above the exhaust pipe Hot Air out Cooling

Cooling air in

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

is directed in a pipe with an outled above the exhaust pipe Hot Air out Cooling

46

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Electrical Switches, Front Seat
Electrical Switches, Front Seat Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 47

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Electrical Switches, Front Seat Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 47

47

Fuse Panel, Front Seat

Fuse Panel, Front Seat

Fuse Panel, Front Seat
Fuse Panel, Front Seat ADF Radio Caution & Main Standby Stabilizer Landing UV Engine Engine

ADF

Radio

Caution &

Main

Standby

Stabilizer

Landing

UV

Engine

Engine

LP Fuel

Engine

Altimeter

Warning

Inverter

Inverter

Motor

Light

Lights

Ignition 1

Ignition 2

Pump

Start

Air

Pitot

Gear

Flap

Turn

Attitude

Direction

Position

Arm

Canopy

Front V/A

Rear V/A

Cond.

Heat

Actuator

Actuator

Indicator

Indicator

Indicator

Lights

Eject

Jettison

Meter

Meter

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Indicator Indicator Indicator Lights Eject Jettison Meter Meter Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 48

48

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Temperature control in cockpit

Change inverter (from main to standby) if compass or artificial horizon failes!

Switches controls cockpit lights (ordinary and infrared) NOT used, since LN-ADA flies VFR-
Switches controls
cockpit lights
(ordinary and
infrared)
NOT used, since
LN-ADA flies VFR-

day only.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

cockpit lights (ordinary and infrared) NOT used, since LN-ADA flies VFR- day only. Russian Warbirds of

49

Volt/Amperemeter

Volt/Amperemeter

Volt/Amperemeter

Negative value on the scale indicates that the battery is charged (ie charged at a higher rate than used)

battery is charged (ie charged at a higher rate than used) Press button to read the
battery is charged (ie charged at a higher rate than used) Press button to read the

Press button to read the battery voltage on the upper scale.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

a higher rate than used) Press button to read the battery voltage on the upper scale.

50

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Electrical Switches, Front Seat

Electrical Switches, Front Seat
Electrical Switches, Front Seat Taxi Light on the nose wheel leg Landing Light extends from underneath

Taxi Light on the nose wheel leg

Switches, Front Seat Taxi Light on the nose wheel leg Landing Light extends from underneath the
Switches, Front Seat Taxi Light on the nose wheel leg Landing Light extends from underneath the

Landing Light

extends from underneath the left wing.

NOTE: Taxi Light can be used as Landing Light

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

extends from underneath the left wing. NOTE: Taxi Light can be used as Landing Light Russian

51

Electrical DC and AC curcuits

Electrical DC and AC curcuits

Electrical DC and AC curcuits
Electrical DC and AC curcuits Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 52

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Electrical DC and AC curcuits Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 52
Electrical DC and AC curcuits Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 52

52

PNEUMATIC SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 53
PNEUMATIC SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 53

PNEUMATIC

SYSTEM

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

PNEUMATIC SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 53

53

Main Points

Main Points

Main Points

The pneumatic system in the L-29 operates:

Wheel brakes Canopy Sealing Canopy Ejection Fire Shut-of valve Sequencer (blocking) of ejection seats

Normal source of power is four pressure tanks (orignially only two, but LN- ADA has been modified with two extra tanks).

A separate system powers the aft canopy seal, and this has its own tank.

The systems is of the consumer type, and needs to be refilled on ground. Nitrogen is preferred, but this could be substituted by more readily available

air (which contains 78% Nitrogen).

Alternative (emergency) power source is to separate pressure tanks

78% Nitrogen). Alternative (emergency) power source is to separate pressure tanks Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

54

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Simplified Diagram

Main Circuit 1

Main Circuit 2

3 Seal handle bar Fwd canopy seal P Refill 4 l 4 l Valve 150
3
Seal handle
bar
Fwd canopy seal
P
Refill
4
l
4
l
Valve
150
bar
150
bar
50
8
Left wheel brake
P
Stick brake
bar
bar
Rudder
pedals
Right wheel brake
4
l
4
l
Drain
150
bar
150
bar
P
Valve
Fire Cock lever
Fire cock
Emcy. brake
Emcy. Power 1
1,5
l
Forward seat
50
bar
P
ejection blocking
Emcy. Power 2
Aft seat ejection
blocking
1,5
l
Forward canopy
50
bar
P
ejection
Aft canopy ejection
1,3
l
3
50
bar
Seal handle
P
bar
Aft canopy seal
Omitted: Filter Main Cicruit Electromagnetic valve Pressure testing Distributor Valve P Pressure Sensor Brake
Omitted:
Filter
Main Cicruit
Electromagnetic valve
Pressure testing
Distributor Valve
P
Pressure Sensor
Brake signal as wheels are retracted
Emergency power
Refiller
Dual instrumentation and operation
One-way valve
Pressure Reduction Valve
Valve
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
55
Main Circuit 2 1,3 l 50 bar P Seal Valve 3 bar AFT Canopy Seal

Main Circuit 2

Main Circuit 2 1,3 l 50 bar P Seal Valve 3 bar AFT Canopy Seal Russian
1,3 l 50 bar P Seal Valve 3 bar AFT Canopy Seal
1,3
l
50 bar
P Seal Valve
3
bar
AFT Canopy Seal

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Main Circuit 2 1,3 l 50 bar P Seal Valve 3 bar AFT Canopy Seal Russian

56

Main Circuit, Part 1 3 Seal handle bar FWD Canopy Seal P Refill 4 l

Main Circuit, Part 1

Main Circuit, Part 1 3 Seal handle bar FWD Canopy Seal P Refill 4 l Left
3 Seal handle bar FWD Canopy Seal P Refill 4 l Left wheel brake Valve
3
Seal handle
bar
FWD Canopy Seal
P
Refill
4
l
Left wheel brake
Valve
150
bar
50
8
P
bar
bar
Rudder
pedals
Stick
Right wheel brake
4
l
brake
Drain
150
bar
P
Valve
Fire Cock Lever
Fire cock
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
57
Main Circuit, Part 2

Main Circuit, Part 2

Main Circuit, Part 2
3 Seal handle bar Fwd canopy seal P Refill 4 l Valve 150 bar Left
3
Seal handle
bar
Fwd canopy seal
P
Refill
4
l
Valve
150
bar
Left wheel brake
50
8
P
Stick brake
bar
bar
Rudder
pedals
Right wheel brake
4
l
Drain
150
bar
P
Valve
Fire Cock Lever
Fire cock
Emcy. brake
Emcy. Power 1
1,5
l
Forward seat
50 bar
P
ejection blocking
Emcy. Power 2
Aft seat ejection
blocking
1,5
l
Forward canopy
50 bar
P
ejection
Aft canopy ejection
1,5 l Forward canopy 50 bar P ejection Aft canopy ejection Main Circuit 1 Russian Warbirds

Main Circuit 1

1,5 l Forward canopy 50 bar P ejection Aft canopy ejection Main Circuit 1 Russian Warbirds
1,5 l Forward canopy 50 bar P ejection Aft canopy ejection Main Circuit 1 Russian Warbirds

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

58

Pneumatic circuit, overview

Pneumatic circuit, overview

Pneumatic circuit, overview
Ejection of canopies (2 forward, 2 aft) Emergency brake handle Emergency bottles ?? Left wheel
Ejection of canopies
(2 forward, 2 aft)
Emergency
brake handle
Emergency
bottles ??
Left wheel brake
Pressure Boltles
(LN-ADA has two more )
Emergency bottles ?? Left wheel brake Pressure Boltles (LN-ADA has two more ) 59 Russian Warbirds

59

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

OXYGEN SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 60
OXYGEN SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 60

OXYGEN

SYSTEM

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

OXYGEN SYSTEM Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 60

60

Main Points

Main Points

Main Points

The oxygen system in the L-29 has a capacity of 2 hours 15 minutes use for two pilots flying at 30.000 feet.

The system har options for diluted Oxgygen (O 2 is mixed with air from the cabin before entering the mask), pure oxygen or pure oxygen under pressure at an emergency situation.

The system consists of three tanks that are filled on ground.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

emergency situation. The system consists of three tanks that are filled on ground. Russian Warbirds of

61

Oxygen system, Overview

Oxygen system, Overview

Oxygen system, Overview
Masks (dilutors) Indicators
Masks
(dilutors)
Indicators

(pressure and

flow)

system, Overview Masks (dilutors) Indicators (pressure and flow) Tanks Regulators Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 62

Tanks

Regulators

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

62

Diagram from Flight Manual Oksygen Control Panels are removed from LN-ADA! 63 Russian Warbirds of

Diagram from Flight Manual

Diagram from Flight Manual Oksygen Control Panels are removed from LN-ADA! 63 Russian Warbirds of Norway,
Diagram from Flight Manual Oksygen Control Panels are removed from LN-ADA! 63 Russian Warbirds of Norway,

Oksygen Control Panels are removed from LN-ADA!

63

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Oxygen Tanks

Oxygen Tanks

Oxygen Tanks

The oxygen tanks are arranged such that each cockpit has one bottle for use, and

the third bottle refills the two continuosly.

If one of the O 2 circuits develops a leak, the other occupant will still receive oxygen.

To mask in front seat Refill 4 l One-way valce 4 l Valve 4 l
To mask in
front seat
Refill
4
l
One-way valce
4 l
Valve
4
l
To mask in
back seat
In the backseat there is a valve to interconnect the
two system, in case one occupant has used all the air
in his primary bottle as well as the third (shared)
bottle. The remaining O 2 is then used by both.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

bottle as well as the third (shared) bottle. The remaining O 2 is then used by

64

Oxygen in Front Seat

Oxygen in Front Seat

Oxygen in Front Seat
Air in cockpit P From tanks P P Main Dilutor valve valve Emergency valve
Air in
cockpit
P
From tanks
P
P
Main
Dilutor
valve
valve
Emergency
valve
tanks P P Main Dilutor valve valve Emergency valve Valve Dilutor valve Pressure Sensor Pressure Reduced
tanks P P Main Dilutor valve valve Emergency valve Valve Dilutor valve Pressure Sensor Pressure Reduced

Valve

Dilutor valve

Pressure Sensor

Pressure Reduced

Oxygen mask

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

65

Emergency Oxygen in Front Seat

Emergency Oxygen in Front Seat

Emergency Oxygen in Front Seat
Emergency Oxygen in Front Seat This valve is not found in the Flight Manual This is

This valve is not found in the Flight Manual

in Front Seat This valve is not found in the Flight Manual This is a replacement

This is a replacement of the ”Emergency” button in the removed oxygen panel in LN-ADA

button in the removed oxygen panel in LN-ADA By opening this, you will get Oxygen under

By opening this, you will get Oxygen under pressure to the oxygen mask.

If you feel ”dizzy” or feel ”tickeling” on your skin, open this!

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

oxygen mask. If you feel ”dizzy” or feel ”tickeling” on your skin, open this! Russian Warbirds

66

Oxygen in Aft Seat Pressure gauge (oxygen contents) Diluter valve Emergency valve (oxygen under pressure)

Oxygen in Aft Seat

Oxygen in Aft Seat Pressure gauge (oxygen contents) Diluter valve Emergency valve (oxygen under pressure) Main
Pressure gauge (oxygen contents)
Pressure gauge
(oxygen contents)

Diluter valve

Emergency valve (oxygen under pressure)

Main oxygen valve for aft seat

Valve interconnecting (sharing) remaining

oxygen between

forward and aft seat

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

aft seat Valve interconnecting (sharing) remaining oxygen between forward and aft seat Russian Warbirds of Norway,

67

Oxygen for ejection

Oxygen for ejection

Oxygen for ejection

Splint is automatically pulled

during ejection to provide oxygen to the mask from tank in seat during descent in chute.

to the mask from tank in seat during descent in chute. Oxygen tank in the seat

Oxygen tank in the seat package

during descent in chute. Oxygen tank in the seat package Note that you can use this

Note that you can use this oxygen as an extra

(emergency) source even if

sitting in the plane!

you can use this oxygen as an extra (emergency) source even if sitting in the plane!

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

68

PRESSURE CABIN Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 69
PRESSURE CABIN Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 69

PRESSURE

CABIN

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

PRESSURE CABIN Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 69

69

Operation of Pressure Cabin

Operation of Pressure Cabin

Operation of Pressure Cabin

First part of the movemement seales the cabin. Further movement pressurizes the

cabin.

If the handle is not moved completely aft before opening the canopy, this will open

the canopy hinges!

Pressurizin g Sealing
Pressurizin
g
Sealing

Needle in the blue half shows kabin altitude in meters

Needle in the red half shows pressure differential

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

shows kabin altitude in meters Needle in the red half shows pressure differential Russian Warbirds of
shows kabin altitude in meters Needle in the red half shows pressure differential Russian Warbirds of

70

Height Limitations

Height Limitations

Height Limitations

BSL F 3-4 states that VFR flying is generally not allowed above Flight

Level 195, this being IFR. Since LN-ADA is registered as VFR-only (and

does not comply with equipment list for IFR) this is an absolute operational limitation.

BSL D 4-7 states thay you could fly up to 10.000 feet continously

without oxygen supply or pressure cabin, but exceed this altitude for

a period of not more than 30 minutes but then never above 13.000 feet.

Generally, a pressure cabin will allow for a higher flying altitude by

maintaining a lower pressure altitude in the cabin. The performance of the specific pressure cabin system will decide the operational height limitations, in relations with BSL D 4-7.

So, what is the performance of the pressure cabin in the L-29 ??

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

with BSL D 4-7. So, what is the performance of the pressure cabin in the L-29

71

Performance of Pressure Cabin

Performance of Pressure Cabin

Performance of Pressure Cabin

By reading in the Flight Manual

Performance of Pressure Cabin By reading in the Flight Manual Figure A1-5, ISA pressure: 10.000 feet

Figure A1-5, ISA pressure:

10.000

feet = 0,69 atmosphere

13.000

feet = 0,61 atmosphere

With LN-ADA you can fly, with the pressure cabin on, in an maximum altitude of 15.000 feet (4.500 meters) continously 21.500 feet (6.600 meters) up to 30 min, (being limited to VFR and Flight Level 195

)

With both oxygen masks and pressure cabin on, you can fly for as long as you wish (fuel limited) at Flight Level 195.

Lack of oxygen masks (or no use of) will not generally put restriction on flying altitude for other than max-range ferry flights.

generally put restriction on flying altitude for other than max-range ferry flights. Russian Warbirds of Norway,

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

72

Fault Seeking

Fault Seeking

Fault Seeking
Fault Seeking Two good reasons for not getting any cabin pressure differential: Forgot to seal aft

Two good reasons for not getting any cabin pressure differential:

Forgot to seal aft canopy

any cabin pressure differential: Forgot to seal aft canopy Pressure-dumping valve is not closed Russian Warbirds

Pressure-dumping valve is not closed

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

pressure differential: Forgot to seal aft canopy Pressure-dumping valve is not closed Russian Warbirds of Norway,
pressure differential: Forgot to seal aft canopy Pressure-dumping valve is not closed Russian Warbirds of Norway,

73

Air Condition

Air Condition

Air Condition
Air Condition Whenever the pressure cabin is OFF, you can use the air conditioning system in

Whenever the pressure cabin is OFF, you can use the air conditioning system in the L-29.

The effectiveness of the system can be

questioned, and on a hot day you may rather turn this off and use the fresh air scoops for cooling! (altitude permitting)

The air condition unit is located behind the firewall in the 8 o’clock position.

The air condition unit is located behind the firewall in the 8 o’clock position. Russian Warbirds
The air condition unit is located behind the firewall in the 8 o’clock position. Russian Warbirds
The air condition unit is located behind the firewall in the 8 o’clock position. Russian Warbirds

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

74

Speed Limitation

Speed Limitation

Speed Limitation
250
250

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Speed Limitation 250 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 BSL F 2-3 states a velocity limitation of

BSL F 2-3 states a velocity limitation

of 250 knots (463 km/h) for any flying below 10.000 feet.

Exceptions can be made in

controlled airspace, if given

permission (”No speed restriction”)

from Air Traffic Control

75

Watch

Watch

Watch

På instrumentpanelet er det en mekanisk klokke med TO tidtagingsfunksjoner. Klokken fungerer greit for å ta tidspunktet for avgang og landing. Tidtagningsfunksjonen fungerer utmerket til å ha kontroll på turbintid!

fungerer utmerket til å ha kontroll på turbintid! Red button operates clock and upper stop-watch that

Red button operates clock and upper stop-watch

that counts hours

and minutes.

clock and upper stop-watch that counts hours and minutes. Grey button operates lower stop-watch that counts

Grey button operates lower stop-watch that

counts minutes and

seconds.

The clock is wound by turning the red button towards left. The clock is set by pulling the red button and turning.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

the red button towards left. The clock is set by pulling the red button and turning.

76

Stop-watch

Stop-watch

Stop-watch

Upper stop-watch is started by pushing the red button (running condition is indicated by a red flag in the window), stopped by pushing a second time (stopped condition indicated by a white and red flag) and zeroed by

pusing a third time (white flag)

red flag) and zeroed by pusing a third time (white flag) The lower stop-watch is started

The lower stop-watch is started by pushing the red button. By pushing a second time, the clock is stopped. By pushing the third time, the clock is set

in a standby mode.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

clock is stopped . By pushing the third time, the clock is set in a standby

77

G-SUIT Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 78
G-SUIT Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 78

G-SUIT

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

G-SUIT Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 78

78

Function

Function

Function
Test Max Min
Test
Max
Min
Function Test Max Min Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 The G-suit is operated by pressized air

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

The G-suit is operated by pressized air bled from the engine compressor.

The suit is the last item to be connected at strap-in. The hose goes on the outside of the parachute and seat belt harness.

The pressure in the suit is controlled automatically as a function of G.

The intensity can be regulated by turning

the a knob aft on the left instrument panel.

The suit can be tested by pushing the same knob.

be regulated by turning the a knob aft on the left instrument panel. The suit can

79

FIRE WARNING / EXTINGUISHER Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 80
FIRE WARNING / EXTINGUISHER Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 80

FIRE WARNING

/ EXTINGUISHER

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

FIRE WARNING / EXTINGUISHER Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 80

80

Fire Instruments and Sensors

Fire Instruments and Sensors

Fire Instruments and Sensors

Several sensors in the engine compartment will pick up an extreme temperature in the engine bay, and illuminate a warning light.

in the engine bay, and illuminate a warning light. The system can be testet with a
in the engine bay, and illuminate a warning light. The system can be testet with a
in the engine bay, and illuminate a warning light. The system can be testet with a

The system can be testet with a switch

engine bay, and illuminate a warning light. The system can be testet with a switch 81
engine bay, and illuminate a warning light. The system can be testet with a switch 81

81

engine bay, and illuminate a warning light. The system can be testet with a switch 81

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Extinguisher

A two litre steel tank with fire retardant fluid is mounted on the right hand side of the firewall. At operation it will empty its contents in three circuits.

At operation it will empty its contents in three circuits. Forward circuit empties onto the fuel

Forward circuit empties onto the fuel system, hydraulics and instruments directly behind the firewall.

Middle circuit empties on the engine accessories gear box.

Aft circuit empties on the combustion chambers

on the engine accessories gear box. Aft circuit empties on the combustion chambers Russian Warbirds of

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

82

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Extinguisher

Fire Extinguisher

The condition of the Pressure in the bottle is checked in a hatch behind right wing.

in the bottle is checked in a hatch behind right wing. A portable fire extinguisher is

A portable fire extinguisher is carried in the cockpit in the bag beside the right leg.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

portable fire extinguisher is carried in the cockpit in the bag beside the right leg. Russian

83

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 ELT 84
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 ELT 84

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

ELT

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 ELT 84

84

Emergency Locator Transmitter

Emergency Locator Transmitter

Emergency Locator Transmitter

The ELT control panel in LN-ADA is on the right consolle. Red button activates the ELT

Black button de-activates the ELT

button activates the ELT Black button de-activates the ELT Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008 The ELT

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

The ELT itself is mounted behind the IFF hatch on the aft right hand side. In case of a crash, the unit can be extracted and brought as a portable device. Do not leave

the wreakage without it!

85
85
EMERGENCY PROCEEDURES 86 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
EMERGENCY PROCEEDURES 86 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

EMERGENCY

PROCEEDURES

EMERGENCY PROCEEDURES 86 Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

86

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Failing operation of Gear Failure to retract gear: Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull,

Failing operation of Gear

Failing operation of Gear Failure to retract gear: Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull, make

Failure to retract gear:

Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull, make sure speed is kept below 290 km/h

Abort the flight and return to land

Failure to extend gear:

Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull, the gear must be lowered using the emergency valve

87
87
and try again If unsuccessfull, the gear must be lowered using the emergency valve 87 Russian

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Failing operation of Flaps Failure to retract flaps: Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull,

Failing operation of Flaps

Failing operation of Flaps Failure to retract flaps: Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull, make

Failure to retract flaps:

Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull, make sure speed is kept below 270 km/h

Abort the flight and return to land

Failure to extend flaps:

Check fuses and try again If unsuccessfull, the flaps could be lowered using the emergency valve, if needed

88
88
If unsuccessfull, the flaps could be lowered using the emergency valve, if needed 88 Russian Warbirds

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Partial Engine Failure Partial engine failure can be observed by: - Loss of thrust -

Partial Engine Failure

Partial Engine Failure Partial engine failure can be observed by: - Loss of thrust - Loss
Partial engine failure can be observed by: - Loss of thrust - Loss or varying
Partial engine failure can be observed by:
- Loss of thrust
- Loss or varying RPM
- High EGT
-
Variable Fuel Pressure
-
Lack of response from throttle
If
these observations are NOT accompanied by
a
fire warning, noise or smoke – you only have
partial engine failure. This does not qualify
for ejection nor use of fire extinguisher.
a
Isolation switch
ON
Fly to the nearest airport and land.
Use Slow throttle movements
At altitude: throttle well forward
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
89
Engine flame-out A stopped engine is usually contributed to lack of fuel, or errors in

Engine flame-out

Engine flame-out A stopped engine is usually contributed to lack of fuel, or errors in the
A stopped engine is usually contributed to lack of fuel, or errors in the automatic
A stopped engine is usually contributed to lack of fuel, or errors in the
automatic fuel system.
Proceedure for restarting (above 5.000 feet)
- Throttle
IDLE
- Fuel Cock
CLOSED
- Airstart
PRESS
- Fuel Cock
OPEN
Restart may tak 20 seconds with a loss of
5.000 feet altitude
Proceedure for restarting (below 5.000 feet)
-
Throttle
IDLE
- Isolation Switch
ON
-
Airstart
PRESS
Try and try again after 30 seconds! If engine is
not restarted and dead stick landing is not
possible, this becomes an ejection scenario
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
90
Engine Fire Engine fire is spotted by: - Seeing lightn in the fire warning -

Engine Fire

Engine Fire Engine fire is spotted by: - Seeing lightn in the fire warning - Smelling
Engine Fire Engine fire is spotted by: - Seeing lightn in the fire warning - Smelling

Engine fire is spotted by:

- Seeing lightn in the fire warning

- Smelling fire or smoke

- Seeing firer or smoke in or behind plane

fire or smoke - Seeing firer or smoke in or behind plane Proceedure for engine fire:

Proceedure for engine fire:

- Throttle

IDLE

- Fuel cock

CLOSED

- Fire cock

CLOSED

- Fuel pump (”Engine”)

OFF

- Fire Extinguisher

PRESS

DO NOT use the fire extinguisher on the basis of a warning light only! Look for other signs to confirm fire!

If fire persists after using fire extinguisher, this becomes an ejection scenario Engine should not be restarted after using fire extinguisher. If it is not

possible to dead stick land, this becomes an ejection scenario

If it is not possible to dead stick land, this becomes an ejection scenario 91 Russian

91

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Ejection Scenarios Reasons for leaving the plane in air are: - Substantial structural failure -

Ejection Scenarios

Ejection Scenarios Reasons for leaving the plane in air are: - Substantial structural failure - Lost

Reasons for leaving the plane in air are:

- Substantial structural failure

- Lost controll that has not been regained at 5.000 feet

- Engine failure without sucessfull restart and without possibility to deadstick land at an airport

- Fire that has not been put out despite use of fire extinguisher

that has not been put out despite use of fire extinguisher The seat charge gives a

The seat charge gives a vertical speed of 65 km/h in the course of one second giving 20 G vertical acceleration. The seat is ejected about 10 meters into the air.

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

92

Ejection Proceedure Proceedure for ejection: -Recommended ”straight&level” scenario: speed 200 km/h, altitude

Ejection Proceedure

Ejection Proceedure Proceedure for ejection: -Recommended ”straight&level” scenario: speed 200 km/h, altitude

Proceedure for ejection:

-Recommended ”straight&level” scenario: speed 200 km/h, altitude 3.000 feet. Maximum speed: 800 km/h, minimum altitude 1.500 feet. Out of control:

5.000 fot.

- Radio

- Visor

- Throttle

- Fuel cock

- Assume position

INFORM ATC! DOWN IDLE CLOSED

Feet on the feet rest, albows tight against torsoe

head back against head rest FORWARD (Canopy is ejected and the seat is armed) SQUEEZE

(Seat is ejected out of the plane)

- Red handle

- Red handle

Ejection sequence is automatic (release from seat and inflation of parachute)

handle Ejection sequence is automatic (release from seat and inflation of parachute) 93 Russian Warbirds of

93

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Ejection Procedure, Main Points 1: Push handle forward (heavy!) 2: Squeeze handle that is exposed

Ejection Procedure, Main Points

Ejection Procedure, Main Points 1: Push handle forward (heavy!) 2: Squeeze handle that is exposed Russian
1: Push handle forward (heavy!) 2: Squeeze handle that is exposed Russian Warbirds of Norway,
1: Push handle forward
(heavy!)
2: Squeeze handle that is
exposed
Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008
94
Ejection Sequence x 1. Move handle forward Canopy is ejected. Other seat is blocked. As

Ejection Sequence

Ejection Sequence x 1. Move handle forward Canopy is ejected. Other seat is blocked. As canopy
x
x

1. Move handle forward Canopy is ejected.

Other seat is blocked.

handle forward Canopy is ejected. Other seat is blocked. As canopy leaves, it pulls a split

As canopy leaves, it pulls a split arming the seat

blocked. As canopy leaves, it pulls a split arming the seat 2. Squeeze the handle Seat

2. Squeeze the handle Seat fires

a split arming the seat 2. Squeeze the handle Seat fires As the seat leaves the
a split arming the seat 2. Squeeze the handle Seat fires As the seat leaves the

As the seat leaves the airplane, a contact is pulled to stop ejection blocking of the other

seat. A splint is also pulled that openes the air bottle in the seat. After a time delay of 0-

3s, the seat belt is released (if not ejecting high, then you remain in seat for some time).

seat belt is released (if not ejecting high, then you remain in seat for some time).

95

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Manual bailout Disconnect the hook (to prevent the parachute to inflate when you jump) Release

Manual bailout

Manual bailout Disconnect the hook (to prevent the parachute to inflate when you jump) Release seat
Manual bailout Disconnect the hook (to prevent the parachute to inflate when you jump) Release seat

Disconnect the hook (to prevent the parachute to inflate when you jump)

the hook (to prevent the parachute to inflate when you jump) Release seat belt by pulling

Release seat belt by pulling the red D-handle!

you jump) Release seat belt by pulling the red D-handle! Eject canopy Jump out of the
you jump) Release seat belt by pulling the red D-handle! Eject canopy Jump out of the

Eject canopy

Release seat belt by pulling the red D-handle! Eject canopy Jump out of the plane and

Jump out of the plane and pull

the red parachute D-handle!

96

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008

Manual Backups If separation from seat fails, pull the red seat belt release D-handle! To

Manual Backups

Manual Backups If separation from seat fails, pull the red seat belt release D-handle! To stop
Manual Backups If separation from seat fails, pull the red seat belt release D-handle! To stop
Manual Backups If separation from seat fails, pull the red seat belt release D-handle! To stop

If separation from seat fails, pull the red seat belt release D-handle!

To stop the ejection blocking, pull the red de-blocking D- handle!

the ejection blocking, pull the red de-blocking D- handle! If parachute does not inflate, pull the

If parachute does not inflate, pull the

red parachute release D-handle!

D- handle! If parachute does not inflate, pull the red parachute release D-handle! 97 Russian Warbirds

97

Russian Warbirds of Norway, 2008