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# 1.

Two spheres made of same substance have diameters in the ratio 1: 2; their thermal
capacities are in the ratio of:
(a) 1: 2 (b) 1 : 8* c) 1 : 4 (d) 2 : 1

2. A thin copper wire of length / increases in length by 1% when heated from temperature T1
to T2. What is the percentage change in area, when a thin copper plate having, two
dimensions is heated from T1 to T2 ?
(a) 1% (b) 3% (c) 2%* (d) 4%

3. A sphere, a cube and disc all of the same material quantity and volume are heated to 600°C
and left in air. Which of these will have the lowest rate of cooling?
(a) Sphere* (b) Cube (c) Disc (d) All will have same rate

4. Amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a body through 1 K is called its:
(a) Water equivalent (b) thermal capacity* (c) entropy (d) specific heat

5. What is the change in the temperature on Fahrenheit scale and on Kelvin scale, if a
iron piece is heated from 30°C to 90°C?
(a) 108°F, 60K* (b) 100°F, 55K (c) 100°F, 65K (d) 60°F, 108K

6. Seven resistances are connected as shown in figure. The equivalent resistance between A and B is

(a) 3  10 
3
(b) 4 * A 10  B

(c) 4.5  5 8 6 6

(d) 5 

7. A wire has resistance 12 . It is bent in the form of a circle. The effective resistance between
the two points on any diameter is equal to
(a) 12  (b) 6 (c) 3 * (d) 24 

## 8. If in the given figure i = 0.25 amp, then the value R will be

(a) 48  i R 60

(b) 12  20
12 V
(c) 120  10

(d) 42  *
9. Shown below are the black body radiation curves at temperatures T1 and T2 (T2>T1).
Which of the following plots is correct

(a) * I
T2 (b) I
T2 (c) I
T2 (d) I T1
T1 T1 T1
T2

   
10. A black body has maximum wavelength m at temperature 2000 K. Its corresponding
wavelength at temperature 3000 K will be
3 2 4 9
(a) m (b) m * (c) m (d) m
2 3 9 4

11. A black body radiates energy at the rate of E watt/m2 at a high temperature T K. When the
T
temperature is reduced to K, the radiant energy will be
2
E
(a) * (b) E (c) 4 E (d) 16 E
16 4

12. During the adiabatic expansion of 2 moles of a gas, the internal energy was found to have
decreased by 100 J. The work done by the gas in this process is
(a) Zero (b) – 100 J (c) 200 J (d) 100 J*

(  C p / Cv )

## (a) PT  = constant (b) PT 1  = constant (c) P  1 T  = constant (d) P 1  T  = constant*

14. A thermodynamic system is taken from state A to B along ACB and is brought back to A
along BDA as shown in the PV diagram. The net work done during the complete cycle is
given by the area
P
(a) P1ACBP2P1 B
P2
(b) ACBB'A'A C

(c) ACBDA* D
P1 A
A B V

15. Work done in the given P-V diagram in the cyclic process is
(a) PV*
(2P, V) (2P, 2V)
(b) 2PV P

(c) PV/2
(P, V) (P, 2V)
(d) 3PV V

16. In the figure given two processes A and B are shown by which a thermo-dynamical system
Q A QB
goes from initial to final state F. If and are respectively the heats supplied to the
systems then
(a) QA  QB P
A
(b) QA  QB * i f

## (c) QA  QB

B

V
(d) QA  QB
17. A Carnot engine works between ice point and steam point. Its efficiency will be
(a) 26.81%* (b) 53.36% (c) 71.23% (d) 85.42%

## 18. A body cools from a temperature 3T to 2T in 10 minutes. The room temperature is T.

Assume that Newton's law of cooling is applicable. The temperature of the body at the end
of next 10 minutes will be
4 7 3
(a) 3 𝑇 (b) 𝑇 (c) 4 𝑇 (a) 2 𝑇*