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National Training on Senior

High School Competency-


Based Learning
Hotel Koresco, Pueblo de Oro Golf
Estates, Lumbia, Cagayan De Oro City
November 20-26, 2017

SHERWIN C, QUESEA
Education Program Supervisor
City Division of Tayabas
Presenter
Region IV-A (CALABARZON)
DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION
OBJECTIVES OF THE SESSION:
1. Describe the features of an inquiry-based
learning.
2. Explain the four levels of inquiry.
3. Familiarize the 5E learning model of inquiry.
4. Identify the competencies in the CG where
inquiry-based learning approach in teaching can
be applied
5. Prepare a DLP employing principles of inquiry-
based learning approach in teaching.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Activity 1A:
3 minutes
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Investigate and
explore the single
strip

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
3 minutes

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Activity 1B:
Möbius Strips
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
The Möbius Strip
was discovered by German
Mathematician August Mobius.

Let’s investigate the fascinating


result when you explore and
engage with Möbius strips.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Procedure:

1. Begin with a strip of paper


Mark one end A as shown in the
Figure.

A
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Procedure:
2. Turn over one end of the paper
so as to form a half-twist and mark
it B.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Procedure:
3. Now, join the ends so as to
form the figure known as the
Möbius strip.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:

1. How did you


find the
activity?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:

2. How many among


you were able to
make/not able to
make the Mobius
Strip?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:

3. For those who were able


to make the Mobius
Strip, what are the
techniques that you used
to make the Mobius
Strip?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:

4. For those who did not


make it, what problems
did you encounter while
making the Mobius
Strip?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:

5. What interesting
information can you get
from the Möbius strip?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Activity 1C:
Möbius Strips
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:
1. Using the mobius strip
from the last activity.
What can you infer if
you draw a line from A
to B?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Activity 1D: (10 minutes)
Möbius Strips

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Group Activity
Group 1
• Form a new Mobius Strip again, cut out
a line along the band until both ends
meet and discover the resulting figure.
Group 2
• Form a new Mobius Strip again, but this
time cut out a line that is approximately
one-third of the way along the band until
both ends meet and discover the
resulting figure
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Group Activity
Group 3
• Form again a band with two-half twist.
Cut out the center along the strip and
discover the resulting figure

Group 4
• Repeat the preceding activity, but begin
with the band that has three-haft twist.
• Cut out the center along the strip and
discover the resulting figure
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Group Activity
Group 5
• Cut the two ends of the strip into three.
• Mark top end from right to left side A1, A2, A3, and
mark the back of the bottom end from right to left
side B1, B2, & B3.
• Twist the band with one-half twist and connect the
ends of A2 & B2 making strip A2B2, connect A1 & B3
over strip A2B2 making strip A1B3, and connect A3 &
B1 between the strips A1B3 & A2B2 making strip
A3B1.
• Then cut A1B3 along the strip, after that, flip the
mobius strip vertically then cut it all throughout the
strip and discover the resulting figure.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
10 minutes
10 minutes

End
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
SHARING (10 minutes)
• Answer the following questions
• Write your answers on the
manila paper.
• Choose a rapporteur
• Present your work to the class.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions

1. How did you find the


activity?
2. What happened to the
strip?
3. What is the resulting
figure?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:
4. How many among you were able to
make/not able to make the Mobius
Strip?
5. For those who were able to make the
Mobius Strip, What are the techniques
that you used to make the Mobius
Strip?
6. For those who did not make it, what
problems did you encounter while
making the Mobius Strip?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:
7. What have you
learned from your
experience in
making mobius
strips? DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:

8. What word/s can


you give to describe
your learning
experiences?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Guide Questions:
7

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
10 minutes

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
INQUIRY-BASED
LEARNING

DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION


Guide Questions:

B. What is Inquiry
Based-Learning?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
WHAT IS INQUIRY-BASED
LEARNING
Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is a
pedagogy which best enables
students to experience the
processes of knowledge creation
and the key attributes are
learning stimulated by inquiry, a
student-centered approach, a
move to self-directed learning,
and an active approach to
learning.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
WHAT IS INQUIRY-BASED
LEARNING
Inquiry-based learning is
an approach to teaching
and learning that places
students’ questions, ideas
and observations at the
centre of the learning
experience.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
WHAT IS INQUIRY-BASED
LEARNING
are engaged in essentially open-ended, student-
centered, hands-on activities.”

• Questioning
• Investigating
• Using evidences to describe,
explain and predict
• Connecting evidences to
knowledge
• Sharing of findings

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
INQUIRY-BASED
LEARNING
finds its antecedents to…

CONSTRUCTIVISM
(Piaget)

EXPERIENTIAL SOCIAL
LEARNING DEVELOPMENT
(Dewey) (Vygotsky)

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
WHY INQUIRY-BASED?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
WHY INQUIRY-BASED?
“If we are only teaching what we
know, our children can only do as
bad as we are doing, and this is the
challenge we are facing – we have
to go beyond it.”

(Pauli, 2009, TEDx)


DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
For 3 Minutes by group:
1. What is the
importance of Inquiry –
Based Learning in
teaching learning
competencies?
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
3 minutes

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
IMPORTANCE OF INQUIRY – BASED LEARNING IN
TEACHING

• Develops useful problem solving skill


• Prepares learners to live in a world
that is non - static
• Enables learners to cope with
changes that will increase in
complexity throughout their lives
• Provides learners tools for continuous
learning.
• Attains important outcomes in the
classroom
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

http://portal.ou.nl/documents/7288585/0/Levels+of+Inquiry+Based+Learning.pdf

DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION


LEVELS OF INQUIRY

http://static.nsta.org/files/sc0810_26.pdf

DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION


LEVELS OF INQUIRY

Limited/Confirmation inquiry is useful


when a teacher’s goal is to reinforce a
previously introduced idea; to introduce
students to the experience of conducting
investigations; or to have students
practice a specific inquiry skill, such as
collecting and recording data.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

Structured inquiry, the question


and procedure are still provided by
the teacher; however, students
generate an explanation supported
by the evidence they have
collected.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

Guided inquiry, the teacher provides


students with only the research
question, and students design the
procedure (method) to test their
question and the resulting
explanations.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

Highest level of inquiry, Open inquiry, students


have the purest opportunities to act like
scientists, deriving questions, designing and
carrying out investigations, and communicating
their results. This level requires the most
scientific reasoning and greatest cognitive
demand from students.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Activity 2: (5 minutes)
Levels of Inquiry

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
In what level of inquiry do
the last four activities (1A,
1B, 1C and 1D) fall?Write
your answer on the
metacards, choose a
rapporteur and explain your
answer. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
5 minutes
5 minutes

End
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF INQUIRY
1A- OPEN INQUIRY
1B- LIMITED/CONFIRMATION
INQUIRY
1C- GUIDED INQUIRY
1D- STRUCTURED INQUIRY

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
5E LEARNING
EARNING MODEL OF INQUIRY

DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION


ACTIVITY: (3 Minutes)

Analyze each statement


and identify in which part
of the 5E Learning model
it belongs
5E ENGAGE EXPLORE EXPLAIN ELABORATE EVALUATE

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.
DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION
3 minutes

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
5E ENGAGE EXPLORE EXPLAIN ELABORATE EVALUATE

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.
DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION
5E LEARNING MODEL

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Suggested Activities for 5 Es
5 Es Suggested What the Teachers What the
Activities Does Learners Does

• Ask question
• Creates interest such as,
• Generates o Why did this
• Demonstration
curiosity happen?
• Reading
• Raises questions o What do I
• Free Write
• Elicit responses already know
Engage • Analyze graphic
that uncover about this?
organizer
what are the o What can I
• KWL
learners know or found about
• Brainstorming
think about the this
concept / topic • Show interest in
the topic
aC
Suggested Activities for 5 Es
5 Es Suggested What the Teachers What the
Activities Does Learners Does
• Encourage learners to • Think freely but
work together within the limits of
• Perform an without direct the activity
investigation instruction from the • Think prediction
teacher and hypotheses
• Read Authentic • Observes and listens • Form new
Resources to to the learners as they prediction and
Collect interact hypotheses
Explore • Ask provoking • Tries alternatives
Information
• Solve a question to redirect and discusses them
learners investigations with others
problem when necessary • Record
• Construct a • Provide time for the observations and
model learners to puzzle ideas
through problem • Suspends
judgement
aC
Suggested Activities for 5 Es
5 Es Suggested What the Teachers What the
Activities Does Learners Does

• Learners analysis • Explain possible


• Encourage learners to solutions and
and explanation
explain concepts and answers to others
• Supporting ideas
definition in their own • Listens officially to
with evidences words others explanation
• Structured • Ask for justification • Questions other
questioning (evidence) & explanations
• Reading and clarification from the • Listen to and tries to
Explain discussion learners comprehend
• Teachers • Formally provides explanation the
explanation definitions, explanation teachers offer
and new labels • Refers to previous
• Thinking skill
• Uses previous learners activities
• Activities:
experiences as basis for • Uses recorded
compare, classify, explaining concept observations in
error analysis explanations

aC
Suggested Activities for 5 Es
5 Es Suggested What the Teachers What the
Activities Does Learners Does
• Expect the learners to • Applies new labels, new
use formal label, definitions explanations
definitions, and and skills in new, but
explanations provided similar situations
• Uses previous
• Problem Solving preciously information to ask
• Decision Making • Encourage the learners questions, propose
• Experimental to apply or extend the solutions, make
concept and skills in new decisions and design
Elaborate Inquiry
situations experiments
/Extend • Think Skill • Reminds the learners to • Draws reasonable
Activities : existing data and conclusions from
compare, classify , evidences and task – evidences
• Record observation and
& apply what do you already explanations
know? / What do you • Checks for
think? understandings among
• Strategies from explore peers
apply here also
aC
Suggested Activities for 5 Es
5 Es Suggested What the Teachers What the
Activities Does Learners Does

• Observes the learners as


they apply new concepts • Ask open-ended
and skills questions by using
• Any of the above
• Assessment learners observations, evidence
• Develop a Scoring knowledge as prior skill and previously accepted
Tool or Rubrics • Looks for evidence that the explanations
• Test learners have changed their • Demonstrate an
thinking and behaviors understanding or
• Performance
Evaluate Assessment
• Allow learners to assess knowledge of the
their own learning and concept or skills
• Produced a group process skills • Evaluate his / her own
product • Ask open-ended questions progress and knowledge
such as Why do you think? • Ask related questions
• Journal Entry
What evidences do you that would encourage
• Portfolio have? What do you know future investigations
about? How would you
explain?

aC
5E STAGE TEACHERS SHOULD AVOID… INSTEAD, TEACHERS SHOULD…

ENGAGE Starting the lesson by explaining Hook students’ interest in the


the topic. topic or arouse their curiosity
with a problem question.
EXPLORE Allowing students to do whatever Put direction in the inquiry and
they want. set parameters. Have hands-on
work .
EXPLAIN Doing all the talking. Ask students to present their
findings and reasons. Then give
feedback on their answers and
other need inputs.

ELABORATE Giving a test at once after Extend students’ learning to


new discussion. situations and to new
challenges.
EVALUATE Assessing only with a written Use also open-ended and
objective type test. application types of
assessments.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
5E Learning Model vs 7E Learning Model

Sometimes a current model must be amended


to maintain its value after new information,
insights, and knowledge have been gathered.
Such is now the case with the highly successful
5E learning cycle and instructional model.

National Research Council. 2006. National science


education standards. Washington, D.C.: National
Academy Press.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
5E Learning Model
vs
7E Learning Model

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
DLL/DLP Procedures vs 5E vs 7E

DEPAR TMENT OF EDUCATION


Which of the following can be considered Inquiry-
based Learning?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Which of the following can be considered
Inquiry-based Learning?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Which of the following can be considered Inquiry-
based Learning?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Which of the following can be considered
Inquiry-based Learning?

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
APPLICATION:

1. Identify the competencies


in the CG by which the SHS
teachers can apply the
inquiry-based learning.
APPLICATION:

2. Prepare a learning plan for your


chosen competency employing
the principles of IBL.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
REFERENCES
Biological Sciences Curriculum Study. (2005). Doing Science: The Process of Scientific Inquiry. Colorado: BSCS.

Gall M. (1970). Gall M.D. (1970). The Use of Questions in Teaching. Review of Educational Research. 40, 707-721
retrieved
from http://rer.sagepub.com/ content/40/5/707.full.pdf

Harlen W. (2014). Helping Children’s Development of Inquiry Skills. Inquiry in Primary Science Education, 1 , 5-19
retrieved from http://prisci.net/ipse/papers/
%20IPSE%20Volume%201%20No%201%20Wynne%20Harlen%20p%205%20%2019.pdf

Llewellyn D. (2011). Differentiated Science Inquiry. California: Corwin. National Research Council (2000). Inquiry
and the National Science Education Standards. Washington: National Academy Press.

Ostlund K. (1996). Rising to the Challenge of the National Science Education Standards. Fresno, California: S & K
Associates.

Padilla, M. (1990). Research Matters to the Science Teacher. NARST.

Waite-Stupiansky, S. (1997). Building Understanding Together: A Constructivist Approach to Early Childhood


Education. New York: Delmar Publishers

Witt C & Ulmer J (2010) The Impact of Inquiry Based Learning on the Academic Achievement of Middle School
Students

Shymansky, J. A., Kyle, W. C., & Alport, J. M. (1983). The Effects of New Science Curricula on Student
Performance.
Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 20, 387-404.

Shymansky, J. A., Hedges, L. V., & Woodworth, G. (1990). A Reassessment of the Effects of Inquiry-Based Science
Curricula of the Sixties on Student Achievement. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27(2), 127-144

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Thank You for Listening..

To God be all The Glory

SHERWIN C. QUESEA
Education Program Supervisor
City Division of Tayabas
Presenter
Region IV-A (CALABARZON)