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SAMPLE A3 PROJECT REPORT – HVAC SYSTEM LIFECYCLE COST ANALYSIS

DATE: XX/XX/YYYY

TO: CLIENT & DESIGN TEAM

FROM: ENGINEER

BACKGROUND & CURRENT CONDITION (Problem) GOAL CAUSE ANALYSIS   Tunnel Vision: Fixated on First

BACKGROUND & CURRENT CONDITION (Problem)

BACKGROUND & CURRENT CONDITION (Problem) GOAL CAUSE ANALYSIS   Tunnel Vision: Fixated on First Cost

GOAL

BACKGROUND & CURRENT CONDITION (Problem) GOAL CAUSE ANALYSIS   Tunnel Vision: Fixated on First Cost
BACKGROUND & CURRENT CONDITION (Problem) GOAL CAUSE ANALYSIS   Tunnel Vision: Fixated on First Cost

CAUSE ANALYSIS

Tunnel Vision: Fixated on First Cost

Resistance to Change: “This is the Way We’ve Always Done It”

to Change: “This is the Way We’ve Always Done It” COUNTERMEASURES (Proposal)    

COUNTERMEASURES (Proposal)

(Proposal)         Owner’s project parameters: Total focus on managing

Owner’s project parameters: Total focus on managing overall costs.

HVAC system selection: Major impact to Hospital construction and operating costs

Drivers of proper HVAC system selection:

o

Rising energy costs

o

Increasingly stringent energy design standards

Owner willingness to consider non-standard system approaches

LEED Certification: not a guarantee of energy performance

LEED Certification: not a guarantee of energy performance Plan Plan Plan Do WSHP VRF Chiller Chilled

Plan

Certification: not a guarantee of energy performance Plan Plan Plan Do WSHP VRF Chiller Chilled  

Plan

not a guarantee of energy performance Plan Plan Plan Do WSHP VRF Chiller Chilled   VAV

Plan

not a guarantee of energy performance Plan Plan Plan Do WSHP VRF Chiller Chilled   VAV

Do

WSHP

VRF

Chiller

Chilled

 

VAV

Beam

Do WSHP VRF Chiller Chilled   VAV Beam Mechanical system with the most attractive Lifecycle Cost

Mechanical system with the most attractive Lifecycle Cost: optimal balance of first cost, energy efficiency and maintenance.

balance of first cost, energy efficiency and maintenance. Initial cost versus proper Lifecycle Cost analysis

Initial cost versus proper Lifecycle Cost analysis

Building designs frequently based on previous projects Alternate mechanical system analysis forces project team to think “outside the box”

analysis forces project team to think “outside the box” o Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) o

o

Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP)

o

Water Source Heat Pump (WSHP)

o

Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF)

o

Traditional Chiller / Boiler Variable Air Volume

o

Chilled Beam

First Cost:

Determined by reconciling subcontractor pricing with CM mechanical, electrical and structural estimates. Historical data was also used for comparison.

Energy Consumption Developed from system energy models built by Engineer.

Operation & Maintenance Costs mined from CM database.

Impacts to site – e.g. GSHP option requires a bore field that potentially hinders goals for the site (preserve native wetlands and stream, future expansion, etc.).

Impact to building structure – e.g. WSHP, VRF and Chilled Beam options allow for reduced floor to floor height.

Impact to program space – e.g. WSHP requires decentralized mechanical space vs. large central spaces and larger CEP required for Chilled Water VAV system.

$28,500,000

$28,000,000

$27,500,000

$27,000,000

$26,500,000

$26,000,000

GSHP

To kickoff the design process for Owner, we held an MEP Innovative Systems meeting where we evaluated the benefits and drawbacks of multiple HVAC systems and narrowed our focus to the following systems:

The Lifecycle Cost analysis was a collaborative effort by the Integrated Team made up of CM, Architect and Engineer Team and our subcontractor partners. The experience and expertise of each team member was leveraged and shared to enhance the collective results of

Lifecycle Cost of each system was evaluated, considering the following:

HVAC System First Cost

evaluated, considering the following: HVAC System First Cost Other factors considered in our evaluation: To capture

Other factors considered in our evaluation:

To capture the HVAC system impacts to building structure and program space, we incorporated the architectural cost differences between systems into our First Cost estimates.

HVAC System Annual Energy Cost

$840,000

$820,000

$800,000

$780,000

$760,000

$740,000

$720,000

$700,000

$680,000

$660,000

$760,000 $740,000 $720,000 $700,000 $680,000 $660,000 HVAC System Annual O&M Cost $720,000 $700,000 $680,000

HVAC System Annual O&M Cost

$720,000

$700,000

$680,000

$660,000

$640,000

$620,000

$600,000

$700,000 $680,000 $660,000 $640,000 $620,000 $600,000 GSHP WSHP VRF Chiller Chilled GSHP WSHP

GSHP

WSHP

VRF

Chiller

Chilled

GSHP

WSHP

VRF

Chiller

Chilled

 

VAV

Beam

VAV

Beam

Ground Source Heat Pump systems offering the most attractive Lifecycle Costs of the 5 evaluated systems.

   

Cumulative 7 Year Evaluation Timeline

Total 7 Year Investment

HVAC System

EUI*

Annual Energy $ / ft²

MEP First Cost

Energy

 

O&M

 

Total

GSHP

158.3

$3.59

$

27,206,429

$

5,059,705

$

4,532,776

$

9,592,481

$

36,798,909

WSHP

173.9

$4.09

$

26,805,383

$

5,757,045

$

4,688,433

$

10,445,478

$

37,250,861

VRF

169.6

$3.88

$

28,272,794

$

5,467,189

$

4,571,920

$

10,039,109

$

38,311,903

Chiller - VAV

182.7

$4.09

$

28,387,134

$

5,764,808

$

5,017,941

$

10,782,749

$

39,169,883

Chilled Beam

176.2

$3.98

$

28,023,893

$

5,606,685

$

4,781,578

$

10,388,263

$

38,412,156

* Energy Use Intensity – kBTU / (ft² - year) – Average EUI for hospitals is 240

CONFIRMATION

(Tools)

Check

Uncharted Waters

o

GSHP Systems have recently proven to be effective in healthcare applications

o

Integrated Team visited an existing water source heat pump Healthcare installation to “kick the tires”

Design Enhancement

o

Minimize pumping energy – decentralized pump scheme

o

Hybrid system to address load imbalance for Project’s specific climate region

o

WTWHP for domestic hot water generation – helps address load imbalance

Proven Technology / New Application

o WSHP Manufacturer hurdles

Overcoming Healthcare filtration requirements

Variable speed compressors for load matching

Seismic certification

FOLLOW-UP (Actions)

Act

You Can’t Manage What You Can’t Measure

o

HVAC system design incorporates provisions for Measurement and Verification.

o

The project team will monitor the performance of the system to ensure GSHP energy benefits are realized and system

energy performance is optimized as the building continues to operate.