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BE MORE SUCCESSFUL WITH SPEAK YOUR MIND! STUART McKINLAY

978 88 8339 0913 A

WITH
S. McKINLAY – B. HASTINGS
BOB HASTINGS

E. FOODY
WITH ELIZABETH FOODY
Presenting language through high-interest topics and an emphasis
on reading and vocabulary development.

STRUMENTI DI BASE
B1 Edizione LEGGERA con CD audio
Students’ Book and Workbook 1 + Audio CD 1 (mp3)
Students’ Book and Workbook 2 + Audio CD 2 (mp3)

SPEAK YOUR MIND


STRUMENTI PER L’INSEGNANTE
• Teacher’s Book with Tests 1
• Teacher’s Book with Tests 2
• 10 Class CDs
• The Complete Teacher’s Toolkit
• Speak Your Mind on CLIL
• LIMbook 1-2
EDIZIONE LEGGERA

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Quest’opera, secondo le disposizioni di legge, ha forma mista cartacea e digitale, è parzialmente disponibile

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in Internet e rimarrà immutata, nella sua parte cartacea, per il periodo di tempo indicato dalle normative.
Per la durata di vita dell’edizione saranno periodicamente resi disponibili materiali di aggiornamento.
Le parti dell’opera disponibili on-line sono:
• Worksheets video clips ‘Speak out’
• Exam practice
• Speak Your Mind on CLIL
• Risorse fotocopiabili extra
Per accedere ai materiali, collegarsi al sito www.digilibro.pearson.it

eTEXT ACTIVEBOOK
• La versione on-line scaricabile • Il libro sfogliabile e interattivo per
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www.scuolabook.it a studiare secondo il proprio stile di FUNCTIONS ON VIDEO
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Tutte le informazioni sulle estensioni digitali del libro su: www.digilibro.pearson.it
97
8
88

Stuart McKinlay-
L’opera è composta da:
83

Bob Hastings • Students’ Book and Workbook 2


93

Speak your mind 2 • Audio CD 2


09
1

Questo volume, sprovvisto del talloncino a fronte (o op-


indivisibili
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portunamente punzonato o altrimenti contrassegnato) è


da considerarsi copia di SAGGIO-CAMPIONE GRATUITO
fuori campo I.V.A. (D.P.R. 26.10.1972, n. 633, art. 2, com-
ma 3, lett. d). Vendita e altri atti di disposizione vietati: € 22,00
art. 17, c. 2 e 4, L.633/1941. www.pearsonlongman.it
9 788883 390913

9788883390913A_cop_Speak_Mind_2.indd 1 04/01/12 15:02


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STUART McKINLAY
BOB HASTINGS
WITH ELIZABETH FOODY

STUDENTS’ BOOK
© Pearson Italia spa

EAN 9788883390654
8e1e-g7p4-fjsg
EAN 9788883390913
eei1-osux-upuc
EAN 9788883391132
bqli-nxq8-rpy3
UNIT PAGE GRAMMAR VOCABULARY
REVISION A Revision: Present simple vs Present continuous Personality adjectives

0
The present 4 Extension: state and action verbs
REVISION B Revision: Past simple
The past 8 Extension: used to
REVISION C Revision: Future tenses (Present continuous and going to) Holidays
The future 12 Extension: Present simple for timetable future
GRAMMAR CHECK – Revision 14

1
16 Modal verbs: should, must, can Styles and accessories
Reflexive pronouns
A new start

2 24 Verb patterns Jobs and work


Hard work have to

GRAMMAR CHECK – Unit 1-2 32


Past simple vs Past continuous Crime

3
34
Defining relative clauses
Against the law

4
42 will, may and might for predictions Natural disasters
Future forms – revision
It’s a disaster! First conditional

GRAMMAR CHECK – Unit 3-4 50

5
52 Present perfect with How long...?/for/since Relationships – phrasal verbs
Indefinite pronouns
Friends and family

6
60 Present perfect continuous vs Present perfect Communication and technology
Keep in touch simple
Question tags
Indirect questions in the present
GRAMMAR CHECK – Unit 5-6 68

7
70 Modal verbs – revision Health, illnesses and remedies
Second conditional Sports
Fit and well

8
78 Modal verbs of deduction – present and past Intensifiers
True art Fine art and music

GRAMMAR CHECK – Unit 7-8 86

9
88 Articles Physical appearance
Body beautiful Past perfect

10
96 The Passive TV, media, films
Media jobs
Big news
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GRAMMAR CHECK – Unit 9-10 104

11
106 Reported speech Careers
Bad advice Reported questions and imperatives
say and tell

12
114 Third conditional Feelings
Feelings Conditionals – revision Strong adjectives
I wish/If only ...

GRAMMAR CHECK – Unit 11-12 122

CULTUREFRAME 1 Going underground 124


2 Youth crime 126
3 British things to say 128
4 The British music industry 130
5 Young people and the media 132
6 How we speak 134
PRONUNCIATION FUNCTIONS SKILLS
Describing the present situation

/d/, /t/ or /ɪd/ Talking about the past - Talking about habits in the past
Asking, giving and refusing permission SPEAK OUT

Talking about future plans and intentions

/Λ/ or /Ʊ/ Giving advice READING Pretty in pink


Talking about obligation LISTENING to a radio show
Talking about prohibition SPEAKING talking about the influence of colour
Agreeing and disagreeing SPEAK OUT on your life
WRITING a short article about the influence of colour
on your life
/ɪ/ or /iː/ Talking about obligation and lack of obligation READING The best job in the world
Describing a job LISTENING to phone calls
Taking and leaving messages SPEAK OUT SPEAKING talking about voluntary jobs
WRITING filling in an application form

Vowel sounds Talking about what was happening READING Watch out! There are con artists about!
Giving and justifying opinions SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a radio debate about illegal downloading /
a story about con artists
SPEAKING talking about con artists, crimes and
punishments
WRITING a letter about a con trick or a crime
/eɪ/ or /aɪ/ Making predictions READING Not so plastic fantastic
Giving a presentation SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a conversation about charities
SPEAKING talking about how to help the environment
WRITING a letter about how to make your school more
environmentally friendly

Past participles Talking about duration READING emails


Expressing opinion SPEAK OUT LISTENING to phone calls and messages
SPEAKING talking about how you keep in touch
with friends
WRITING a personal letter
STUDY SKILLS Personal letters and emails
Intonation of question tags Asking for confirmation READING A new idea in mobiles
Being polite SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a conversation in a shop
SPEAKING talking about mobile phone implants
WRITING an email to a mobile phone company

/h/ Asking for and giving advice SPEAK OUT READING Sports mad
LISTENING to a psychologist giving advice in a radio
programme
SPEAKING talking about sports
WRITING a letter or email
STUDY SKILLS Informal opening paragraph
have Making deductions in the present and in the past READING Silibil’n’Brains
Recounting a past event SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a text about music
SPEAKING talking about deception
WRITING a film review STUDY SKILLS Film review

//ɜː// or //е// Describing appearance SPEAK OUT READING Fitness flops


LISTENING to a dialogue on exergaming
SPEAKING talking about how to keep fit
WRITING a short article on a fitness fad
Main stress Describing TV programmes and films READING The big break
Taking part in a conversation SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a news bulletin
SPEAKING talking about the last film you enjoyed
WRITING notes and messages
STUDY SKILLS Notes and messages
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Reporting statements, questions and commands READING From classroom to newsroom


Comparing photos SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a description of a career
SPEAKING talking about jobs and careers
WRITING an essay about starting work later
Expressing regret READING Eternal love
Relating an experience SPEAK OUT LISTENING to a psychologist talking about appearance
SPEAKING about proverbs
WRITING a story

READINGFRAME 1 Brick Lane


by Monica Ali 136
3 The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time
by Mark Haddon 140
2 The Daydreamer 4 Teacher Man
by Ian McEwan 138 by Frank McCourt 142
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REVISION A
The Present
OBJECTIVES
Grammar Vocabulary Functions
 Revision: Present  Personality adjectives  Describing the present
simple vs Present situation
continuous
 Extension: state and
action verbs

PRESENTATION 2 5.02 Listen and read. What


do these people say about Jade?
Match the texts 1-6 below with the
1 Look at the photos. What can you say
speakers a-f.
about Jade, the girl with the phone,
just by looking at the photos? a father 2
• How old is she? b mother
• Where does she come from? c brother
• Anything else about her? d teacher
e boyfriend
f friend

2 I come from Scotland but my wife’s English, we live in


Manchester. Alex and Jade are half-Scottish, half-English.
Still, I think my kids are quite proud to have some Scottish
1 Jade’s very quiet and she rarely takes part in class
blood in them!
discussions. But she always writes excellent essays.
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4 Jade is doing really well at school at the moment


3 Jade’s eighteen, three years younger than me. We get – she’s working very hard. I’m so proud of her. She
on OK, I suppose. Luckily, she usually spends her free always comes top of the class in History and French.
time with her boyfriend so I don’t see her very often. She’s planning to study Politics at university. She still
spends all evening on the phone to Marc. I think she’s
talking to him now.

5 I know Jade from Kendo classes. She’s getting pretty


good but she’s really modest about it! People think
Jade’s very serious but she’s got a fantastic sense of 6 She’s such a caring person – I really love her. It’s just
humour. She’s really funny. a pity that we’re working hard for our mock exams
this term so we don’t see each other so often in the
4 evenings. But at least I see her at school every day.
3 5.02 Listen and read again. Then answer the questions. 7
REVISION A - The Present

Choose the correct alternative.


0
1 What is Jade’s home town? 1 She doesn’t talk / isn’t talking on the phone now.
2 What’s her nationality? She’s in bed.
3 How old is Jade’s brother? 2 Mike often takes / is taking the bus to school.
4 Which are her best subjects at school? 3 Do you watch / Are you watching this or can
5 What does she want to study at university? I change channels?
6 Why doesn’t she see her boyfriend very often? 4 I study / am studying a lot more this year.
5 He usually teaches / is teaching French but he
4 Read the texts again. What kind of person is Jade? teaches / is teaching Spanish at the moment.
Underline all the adjectives that describe her. 6 My dad works / is working in an office in the city.

big-headed  quiet  clever  funny  modest  outgoing 8 Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
caring  serious  romantic  selfish  talkative  hard-working Use the Present simple or the Present continuous.
1 I always (feel) tired on Monday
5 Look at your answers to Exercise 1. Were any of your mornings.
predictions correct? 2 What (Jack / study) at college
this term?
3 My exams (go) quite well, I think.
GRAMMAR REVISION 4 I (not / get) enough sleep at the
moment.
6 Match sentences 1-5 with definitions a-e. 5 We (not / see) each other at the
1 She usually spends her free time with weekends very often.
her boyfriend. 6 Alison (argue) with her brother all
2 We’re working hard for our exams this term. the time.
3 She’s talking to Marc. 7 The children (not / get on) very well
4 I come from Scotland. these days.
5 She’s getting pretty good at Kendo. 8 They usually (play) together very
happily.
a a fact that doesn’t change
b a routine or a habit 9 Complete the dialogue with the correct form of the
c a temporary situation verbs in brackets. Use the Present simple or the
d a situation that’s changing Present continuous.
e a situation or event happening now Marc Hi Jade, what 1 (do)?
Jade I 2 (listen) to music by Steve
Present simple vs Present continuous Reich. It’s modern classical music.
Marc Classical music! But you only 3
 We use the Present simple for routines/habits and (listen) to soul.
facts that don’t change. Jade I 4 (try) a lot of different music
She usually spends her free time with her boyfriend. at the moment. This music is good to study to.
I come from Scotland.
Do you want a copy?
Marc No, thank you. Anyway, I’ve got you a present.
Time expressions: never, rarely, often, sometimes,
Jade Oh, fantastic! A novel! You usually
usually, regularly, always. 5
(forget) my birthday!
Marc No I don’t! 6 you
 We use the Present continuous for things happening (like) your present?
now, temporary situations and change and Jade Yes! You know I 7 (think)
development. fantasy novels are great and Philip Brown
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She’s talking to Marc. is my favourite writer. The only books


We’re working hard for our exams this term.
I8 (read) these days are
She’s getting really good at Kendo.
History textbooks!

Time expressions: at the moment, these days, now,


nowadays, this term/year, all the time. FUNCTIONS
Remember: to make questions and negative sentences
10 What is happening in your life at the moment?
in the Present simple we use the auxiliary verb do. In pairs, tell your partner.
Do you come from Ireland?
I don’t come from Ireland. WB p. 148
A I’m … at the moment. I’m also … these days.
5
VOCABULARY
PERSONALITY ADJECTIVES 15 Complete the sentences with the words below.

rude  tolerant  selfish  big-headed


11 Complete the table with the personality lively  lazy  polite  generous
adjectives below.
1 My brother never thinks about other people. He’s
bossy  caring  cheerful  pessimistic  clever  funny  boring
really .
friendly  popular  generous  hard-working  laid-back  lively
2 I like my young cousins but they’re very .
modest  outgoing  optimistic  polite  proud  quiet
I get really tired when I look after them.
big-headed  lazy  reserved  mean  rude  romantic
3 What a nice, boy. He always says ‘please’
selfish  serious  shy  stupid  tolerant  helpful  loud
and ‘thank you’.
4 She always gets bad marks because she’s
Positive Negative
very .
caring bossy 5 My aunt always gives us money and nice
... ... presents. She’s very .
6 My father doesn’t like my clothes, my music or
my friends but my mother is more .
7 The children never say ‘thank you’ or ‘please’.
They are very .
12 5.03 Find the opposite of the negative adjectives 8 She’s clever and attractive but she’s so
below. Use a dictionary if you need to. Then listen, about it, nobody likes her.
check and repeat.
16 Work in pairs. Choose a character but don’t tell your
caring  pessimistic  big-headed  lazy  rude  loud partner. Describe your character’s personality. Your
partner guesses the character.
13 Choose the correct answer.
1 Lara loves meeting people. Captain Jack Sparrow  Cruella De Ville  Bill Gates  Pinocchio
She’s very . your teacher  Homer Simpson  Nelson Mandela
a friendly Angelina Jolie  Roberto Begnini  Cinderella  Lisa Simpson
b generous
c selfish
2 The British are quite . They feel
uncomfortable with strangers.
a confident
b punctual
c shy
3 Tom’s . He thinks he’s number one.
a big-headed
b helpful
c tolerant
4 My brother is about the future.
a jealous
b optimistic
c proud
5 Dan’s very . He always has a smile
on his face!
a cheerful
b polite
c rude
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6 Jo’s . She always tells us what to do.


a modest
b bossy
c talkative

14 Work in pairs. Choose five adjectives that describe


your personality and two that don’t. Tell your partner
what your adjectives are. He/She guesses which two
do NOT describe you.

6
REVISION A - The Present

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PRESENTATION GRAMMAR EXTENSION
17 Do the quiz. Then look at the answers at the bottom 18 Look at these examples and answer the questions.
of the page to find out what kind of person you are.
I watch a lot of films.
I love films.

TeenLife
1 Which verb describes …
a an action?
b a state (thoughts, feelings, beliefs)?
2 Which of these verbs can you use in the Present

Quiz
continuous?

State and action verbs


 We use simple and continuous tenses with action
How outgoing are you? verbs. The meaning of the verb doesn’t change.
Take our personality quiz to
find out! I watch a lot of films.  I’m watching a film now.
I leave school at 3 p.m.  I’m leaving school now.

 We usually only use simple tenses with state verbs


(hate, like, love, need, remember, taste, think, etc.).
These verbs express feelings, opinions, perceptions,
possessions, stable characteristics.

I love films. NOT I’m loving films.


I don’t like sport. NOT I’m not liking sport.
WB p. 148

MIND THE TRAP!


The verb think can describe both states and
actions but the meaning changes.
I’m thinking about (considering) getting that new
phone.
I think (believe) it’s too expensive.
NOT I’m thinking it’s too expensive.
Tick the statements which are
true for you. 19 Read the quiz again and underline all the state verbs.

1 I prefer to go dancing than to watch a film 20 Tick (✔) the correct sentences and correct the wrong
on my own. ones.
2 I never forget my friends’ birthdays. 1 What are you thinking about?
3 I always ask for an explanation if I don’t 2 Jack isn’t liking the book.
understand. 3 I’m listening to a great piece of music.
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4 I belong to at least one club or association. 4 George doesn’t know the answer.
5 I want to be famous one day. 5 I’m sorry but I’m not agreeing with you.
6 I hate spending a lot of time alone indoors. 6 I’m thinking my answer is wrong.
7 Most people agree that I’m easy to get 7 You aren’t understanding the joke.
to know.
8 I love going to parties and clubs. and quiet.

9 I always answer my mobile phone – even


You are an introvert – you are a rather shy person and enjoy peace
0-3 ticks
when I don’t know who is calling. You are fairly outgoing and enjoy spending time with other people.
4-7 ticks
10 I believe it’s always better to say what find you too dominating – but you don’t care.
spontaneous and enjoy being the centre of attention. Some people
you think. You are a very outgoing, extrovert person – you love being

7
8-10 ticks
QUIZ RESULTS
0
REVISION B
The Past
OBJECTIVES
Grammar
 Revision: Past simple B
 Extension: used to

Functions
 Talking about the past
 Asking, giving and
refusing permission
 Talking about habits in
the past

Part A
Simon Hi mum, this is Becky.
Mum Hi, Becky, nice to meet you.
Becky Nice to meet you too.

Part B
Mum Here we are. This is Simon when he was four
years old on holiday in Croatia. We went
every summer.
Becky What funny little fat legs! And his hair was
so long!
Mum Yes, Simon had long hair when he
was a child. He didn’t like going to the
PRESENTATION hairdresser’s.
Becky Was he angry in this photo?
1 Look at photos A and B and try to answer the Mum I think he was probably disappointed that
questions. I didn’t buy him any sweets. The sweets
in Croatia were delicious, he loved them.
1 What do you think the situation is?
And this is Simon on his sixth birthday
2 How are the people feeling? Why?
in his fireman’s uniform.
3 What are they looking at in picture B?
Becky Did he want to be a fireman?
4 How is the boy feeling? Why?
Mum Yes, he did, even when he was quite old!
Simon Mum! This is really embarrassing!
2 5.04 Listen and read the dialogues. Check your
Mum Oh, and here’s Simon playing the piano.
ideas from Exercise1.
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Becky When did he play the piano?


Mum He started when he was about five but
3 5.04 Listen again. Are the statements true (T) or
he stopped when he was nine or ten.
false (F)? He always preferred playing football when
1 Simon went on holiday to the seaside. he was little. And this is Simon on his first
day of secondary school! He wasn’t very
2 He had short hair.
happy – there weren’t any boys with long
3 He loved sweets.
hair like him!
4 Simon wanted to be a policeman. Simon This is getting very annoying!
5 He stopped playing the piano. Becky Oh my God, look at those trainers! Were
6 He played football. they fashionable then?

8
REVISION B - The Past

0
GRAMMAR REVISION 5 Complete the dialogue with the Past simple of the
verbs in brackets.
Mary Hi Becky. 1 you
Past simple (have) a nice time with Simon?
 We use the Past simple to talk about things that Becky Yes! I 2 (meet) his mum.
started and finished in the past. Mary What 3 (be) she like?
Becky She 4 (be) great! I really
 The Past simple of am/is is was. The Past simple of 5
(like) her. She 6
are is were.
(show) me some photos of Simon when he
to be 7
(be) a child.
Affirmative Mary How funny!
He was disappointed. Becky Yes, Simon 8 (not / think) it
They were delicious. was funny, but I 9 (think) it was
hilarious! We 10 (chat) for ages
Negative and she 11 (make) tea and
He wasn’t happy. sandwiches.
There weren’t any boys with long hair. Mary It sounds like you 12 (have) a
Yes/No questions and short answers great time. 13 you
Was he angry? (see) Simon’s dad?
Yes, he was. No, he wasn’t. Becky Well, he 14 (come) home five
Were they fashionable? minutes before I 15_________ (leave),
Yes, they were. No, they weren’t. so I 16 (see) him and 17
(say) hello but I 18
(not / speak)
Regular and irregular verbs to him really.
 We add -ed to regular verbs. For irregular verbs
see p. 279 6 Use the prompts to write questions in the Past
simple.
 We use the auxiliary did for questions and negative
sentences in the Past simple. 1 When / you / last / see your grandparents?
When did you last see your grandparents?
Affirmative 2 How long ago / you / check your email?
He stopped when he was nine. 3 When / you / last / cook a meal?
We went every summer. 4 You / go swimming / last month?
Negative 5 When / you / last time / study English for an
He didn’t like going to the hairdresser’s. hour?
I didn’t buy him any sweets. 6 When / you / sunbathe / last?
7 How long ago / you / meet / your best friend?
Questions and short answers
8 When / you / last / go to the cinema?
Did he want to be a fireman?
Yes, he did. No he didn’t.
When did he play the piano?
FUNCTIONS
Time expressions:
yesterday, last night/year/week/Saturday, in 2009, when 7 Now answer the questions in Exercise 6 so that they
he was four, ten years ago, one day/morning. are true for you using the time expressions from the
WB p. 149 Grammar box.
I last saw my grandparents three weeks ago.
4 Write the Past simple of the verbs in the list.
How many are irregular?
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1 play 11 see
Pronunciation – /d/, /t/ or /ɪd/
2 look 12 visit
3 think 13 watch
8 5.05 Put the regular verbs in Exercise 4 in the
correct column. Then listen, check and practise
4 say 14 stay
saying them.
5 decide 15 hate
6 chat 16 promise /d/ /t/ /ɪd/
7 talk 17 meet
played looked decided
8 make 18 live
… … …
9 shout 19 speak
10 listen 20 laugh

9
FUNCTIONS 13 5.08 Listen and repeat some of the phrases from
Speak Out.
9 In pairs, look at the photo and try and guess the
answers to the questions.
MIND THE TRAP!
1 Where are they?
2 What do you think the problem is? Do you mind if I …? = Is it a problem for you if …?
If somebody asks you a question starting with
10 5.06Listen to the conversation. Were your Do you mind if and it isn’t a problem,
answers to Exercise 9 right? you should answer No (= No, it isn’t a problem).

11 5.06Listen again. Which things does the student Do you mind if I sit here? No, I don’t./No, please do.
want to borrow? Make a list.

12 5.07Study Speak Out. Then listen to the dialogues. 14 In pairs, ask for permission. Choose from the
Which of the speakers 1-3 sounds rude? Why? ideas below.

SPEAK OUT Permission borrow your watch/your shoes/some money …


use your glasses/dictionary/mobile phone …
Question Yes No + reason ask you a question/for your phone number …
keep your pen …  visit you tonight
Can I Yes, of Sorry, you
borrow your course. can’t.
dictionary? I’m using it.
A Is ¡t OK ¡f borrow your watch?
Is it OK if I Sure, no I’m afraid not. B No, I’m sorry, you can’t. I need ¡t!
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smoke? problem. It’s not


allowed.
15 Make a dialogue for each situation.
Do you No, I’m afraid I do.
mind if I please do. It’s a bit 1 You have to phone home from a friend’s house.
open the cold. You don’t have a mobile phone.
window?
2 The train is full. There is one free seat in the
Do you mind No, I don’t Yes, I do. middle of a large family.
if I turn the TV mind. I’m watching it. 3 You need to leave class early today but there’s a
off? test in the last hour.
4 You are on a bus. It’s very cold and the window
Go further looking at VIDEO CLIP 0
is open.

10
PRESENTATION
REVISION B - The Past

0
A B

16 5.09 Read and listen to the continuation of the 18 Complete the last part of the dialogue with the verbs
conversation on page 10, and say which avatar, in brackets and used to.
A or B, shows Katie when she was younger.
Katie How do you know all this stuff about me?
Josh You used to live in Leeds, didn’t you? Josh You don’t know who I am? Imagine me with
Katie Yes, but …? long hair and glasses.
Josh You used to go to Wadley School. Katie Josh? Josh Hunter? We 1 (go) to
Katie Sorry, do I know you? the same school! I didn’t recognise you. You
Josh Your name’s Katie, and your brother’s called look so different. You 2 (be) in
Gary, but you didn’t use to call him Gary; you my brother Gary’s year.
used to call him Gazza. Your parents had a Josh Yeah, and we 3 (go) to the same
shoe shop, but they sold it five years ago and swimming classes, Katie. It’s good to see you
moved to London. again. I 4 (think) you were really
Katie Wait a minute! attractive when we were at school. But you
Josh You didn’t use to be so slim. You used to wear never paid any attention to me.
lots of make-up and you used to have lots of I5 (visit) your brother just to see
piercings too. you, but you never 6 (notice) me.
Katie How do you know all this? Katie Yeah, well, you were different then.
Josh You didn’t use to have blonde hair, either. You 7 (wear) horrible thick black
glasses and you 8 (have) long
hair and spots! You 9 (not / be)
GRAMMAR EXTENSION so attractive....
Josh Yeah, thanks. You 10 (not / be)
used to so rude.

 Used to expresses a regular habit or state in the 19 Tick (✔) the correct sentences and correct the
past which doesn’t happen now. We can’t use used wrong ones.
to if something happened only once. 1 We used to wear school uniform.
Affirmative 2 He used to fail his Maths exam last Friday.
I used to wear glasses but now I don’t need them. 3 She didn’t use to be so popular.
4 I used to forget to do my homework
Negative
She didn’t use to have blonde hair but now she does. yesterday.
5 Did you use to cry a lot when you were little?
Yes/No questions and short answers
6 Last summer I used to break my leg.
Did you use to have long hair?
Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.
WB p. 149 FUNCTIONS
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17 Use used to/didn’t use to to write about the changes 20 In pairs, use the prompts to ask and answer about
in Katie’s life. changes in your life in the last five years.
1 Katie lives in London now, but she used to live appearance  clothes  home  family  friends
in Leeds. school  likes and dislikes  free time
2 Katie goes to university now, but …
3 Katie’s brother’s name is Gary, but … A Which video games did you use to play
4 Katie’s slim now, but … five years ago?
5 Katie doesn’t wear much make up now, but … B I used to play Super Mario Bros all the time.
6 Her hair is blonde now, but … What about you?

11
0
REVISION C OBJECTIVES

The Future Grammar


 Revision: Future tenses
(Present continuous
and going to)
Vocabulary
 Holidays
Functions
 Talking about future
 Extension: Present
simple for timetable plans and intentions
future

PRESENTATION 2 Read and complete the cartoon with the captions


below.
1 Answer the questions. a Excuse me. Could you tell me which country
we are in?
• Do you enjoy travelling?
b I’m really tired. We need another holiday.
• Which countries interest you the most? Why?
c What about Europe? It’s small but people say
• Are there any countries you don’t want to visit?
it’s quite interesting.
• Do you think tourists in Italy are a good or bad
d English breakfast included.
thing?

3 We’re so happy –
1 we’re going to visit
2 Europe this summer.

I’m tired.
We need a holiday.

That’s right, a double room for two nights.


We’re arriving on July 13. 5 I can’t talk – we’re flying
to London in four hours. 6
4

7 8 I’m going to ask that 9


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policeman for help.

12
REVISION C - The Future

0
GRAMMAR REVISION GRAMMAR EXTENSION
3 Look at the text for frames 3, 5, 6 and 8 in the cartoon Present simple for timetable future
on page 12 and answer the questions.
 We can use the Present simple to talk about
Which sentences talk about: timetables in the future.
a a definite plan/arrangement for the near future?
b an unfinalised plan, future intention or ambition? The bus leaves at 8.30.
What time does the plane land? WB p. 149
Future intentions and arrangements
6 Complete the dialogue with the Present continuous,
 To talk about future intentions, ambitions or going to or the Present simple of the verbs in brackets.
unfinalised plans we use going to.
Pam Hi Tom! How are things?
We’re going to visit Europe this summer. Tom Hi Pam, we’re really busy. We’re just packing
I’m going to ask that policeman for help. our suitcases. We 1 (leave) for the
airport in a few minutes.
 To talk about definite plans/arrangements in the near Pam Where 2 (you / go)?
future we use the Present continuous. We usually Tom We 3
(go) to Poland for a week.
mention the time and/or place as well. We 4 (fly) to Krakow at midday.
The flight 5 (leave) at 11.55.
We’re flying to London in four hours. Pam Are you staying in Krakow all week?
We’re coming home on Friday. Tom No, we 6 (stay) there for three
WB p. 149
nights. We’ve got a reservation in a guest
house in the city centre.
4 Choose the best alternative in each situation. Pam What 7 (you / do) there?
Tom Well, we 8
(sightsee) and
1 You see a friend on the platform at the station.
I9 (take) lots of photos. Then if the
He says: I’m catching / going to catch the 4.14
weather’s good, we 10 (hike) in the
train to London.
Tatra mountains for a few days.
2 Your ferry is delayed for six hours!
Pam Lucky you! I’m not sure where to go on
You’re very angry.
holiday this year. I 11 (pop) in to the
You say: I’m writing / going to write a letter of
travel agent’s on my way home.
complaint.
Tom Well, don’t forget that the travel agent
3 Your friend asks you to babysit this evening. 12
(close) at 4.30 this evening,
You can’t help.
it’s Friday.
You say: I’m meeting / going to meet my friends
at eight.
7 Four of the sentences are incorrect. Find the
4 A friend has a holiday brochure from the travel mistakes and correct them.
agent’s.
She says: I think I’m visiting / going to visit 1 What time do you meet Stacy tonight?
Scandinavia this year. 2 The match is going to start at 10.00.
5 Your five-year-old brother is watching a 3 Are you going to eat that icecream?
science fiction film. 4 You are going to call me tonight?
He says: I’m exploring / going to explore space 5 I am not go to school tomorrow. I have a doctor’s
when I grow up. appointment.
6 Your friends are packing a tent into their car. 6 Kate is leaving in half an hour.
They say: We’re going / going to go camping.
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FINISHED FIRST FUN!


FUNCTIONS Write down:

5 In pairs, ask about your future plans. Use the Present 1 an intention you have for next year.
continuous or going to and the times below. 2 a prediction about your next holiday.
3 a future ambition you have.
tonight  this weekend  next summer/winter holidays 4 an arrangement you have for the weekend.

A What are you doing this weekend? Give your answers to the teacher. The teacher will
B On Saturday evening I’m meeting a friend. I think read out some of the answers and the class guesses
I’m going to play squash on Sunday morning. who he/she is.

13
GRAMMAR CHECK Revision
The Present The Past
1 Put the verbs in brackets into the Present simple or 5 Complete the text with the Past simple of the verbs
continuous. in brackets.
1 I (not / study) very hard this I1 (start) college last year. On the
year. first day I 2 (go) to the classroom and
2 Jake often (watch) DVDs with 3
(sit) at a desk. I 4 (wait) for
his friends. about half an hour and then I 5 (realise)
3 She (not / play) volleyball now, that I 6 (make) a mistake and that
she (work) at the weekend. I7 (be) a day early for my course!
4 (you / work) now? The next day there 8 (be) about
5 Frank (spend) more time at 20 other students in the classroom. We all
home these days. 9
(say) our names and the teacher
6 My English (get) a lot better. 10
(talk) about the course. Then the
teacher 11 (start) to speak in Spanish!
2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the I 12 (be) in the wrong class!
verbs below. Use the Present simple or continuous. I 13 (feel) so embarrassed that
I 14
(stay) until the end of the lesson.
give  not visit  play  try  copy  get up

1 Sharon the piano now. 6 Reorder the words to make questions in the Past
2 Elisa very early at the moment. simple.
3 She her grandmother very often. 1 did / me / yesterday / you / why / telephone / ?
4 I to learn Spanish this year. 2 you / what / have / did / lunch / for / ?
5 My teacher us homework every day. 3 do / their / did / homework / the students / ?
6 He always my answers. 4 get / how many / did / answers / right / you / ?
5 Sally / you / where / did / meet / ?
6 have / with / did / you / who / lunch / ?
State and action verbs
7 Complete the sentences with the right form of the
3 Complete the table with the verbs below. verbs below.

make  understand  prefer  belong  speak  be  see come  do  work  be  get  spend  feel  go
know  like  love  play  own  drink  work  think
I1 really well at school last year
State verbs Action verbs because I 2 really hard and my parents
3
proud of me. I 4 top of
the class in English because I 5
a lot of
time talking to my English friend Jess just before
the exam. I 6 really happy when I
7
the results and I 8 out
with Jess to celebrate.

4 Choose the correct alternative.


1 I talk / ’m talking to Harry at the moment, but he used to
doesn’t understand / isn’t understanding me.
2 We hate / ’re hating this wet weather. 8 Reorder the words to make sentences with used to.
It rains / is raining really hard. 1 like / didn’t / John / use / playing / to / tennis
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3 Our class has / is having a new teacher 2 this / to / you / live / town / use / did / in / ?
and she is seeming / seems really nice. 3 you / me / call / to / used / Chicco
4 A Do you make / Are you making a lot of 4 shop / used / parents / have / a / my / to
mistakes in this exercise? 5 tall / Mike / to / be / use / didn’t / so
B Yes, and I ’m / ’m being really worried. 6 child / when / used / blonde / to / I / was / a /
5 A What do you think / are you thinking have / hair / I
of this fantasy novel? 7 Jill / use / make-up / didn’t / to / wear
B I prefer / am preferring comic books. 8 wear / you / use / uniform / every day /
6 A What do you do / are you doing? did / to / your / ?
B I text / ’m texting Susie.

14
9 Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences
REVISION

0
using used to when possible. SUMMING UP!
1 I (not / understand) English, but
now I (speak) it very well.
Exam practice
2 We (have) takeaway pizza every
Friday night, but we usually to a 12 Choose the correct alternative.
restaurant now (go). A Hi Kate. What 1 ?
3 I (not / drink) milk these days, but B I’m packing my suitcase! I 2 to Barcelona
when I was a child I (love) it. for the weekend.
4 Sara (not / like) like sport, but A What time does your plane leave?
now she (play) volleyball every B The taxi 3 in twenty minutes and my plane
weekend. 4
at 1.30.
5 I (download) music from the A Wow. What 5 to do in Barcelona?
Internet now but I (buy) CDs. B I’m going to try and see all the Gaudì architecture
6 My mum (drive) me to school, but and I 6 spend a day on the beach too.
now I usually (walk). A Brilliant. I 7 Barcelona. I 8 there every
year, I used 9
a good friend there, but he
10
back to England about a year ago.
The Future B Why 11 that?
A Well, he missed his family I suppose and he
10 Complete the dialogue with going to, the Present 12
Spanish so I think he felt a bit lonely.
continuous or the Present simple of the verbs in
B What does he do now?
brackets.
A He works in a bank and he 13 Spanish at
A What 1 (do) tomorrow? the moment because he thinks he 14 back
B Well, I 2 (go) to London to visit Kieran. to Spain again soon.
A What time 3 the train
(leave)? 1 a you do b are you do c are you doing
B I4 (meet) Anna at the station at 3.30 2 a ’m going b go c ’m going to go
and we 5
(get) the train together at 3 a is coming b comes c is going to come
3.45. It 6 (arrive) in London at 6.00. 4 a is leaving b leaves c is going to leave
A 7 Kieran (come) to the 5 a are you going b are you c do you
station to meet you? 6 a am going to b going to c going
B Yes he is. He 8 (go) to the station after 7 a am loving b love c loves
work and he 9 (wait) for us there. 8 a used to go b was used to go c use to go
A What 10 (do) then? Are you 11 9 a have b to have c had
(go) straight to Kieran’s house? 10 a moved b did move c used to move
B I’m not sure, but I think we 12 (eat) 11 a he do b he did c did he do
out in central London. Kieran knows a lot of nice 12 a not speak b used to speak c didn’t speak
places. 13 a is studying b studies c is going to study
14 a is going b is going to go c goes
11 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the
verbs below. Use going to, the Present continuous or Translation
the Present simple.

fail  stay  eat  take  open  go  start  visit 13 Translate.


1 Partiamo per la Spagna giovedì.
1 The shop at 8.30, so we are early.
2 Il treno arriva alle 9.
2 I in a hotel in London tomorrow
3 Studierò francese l’anno prossimo.
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night.
4 In questi giorni lavoro tanto.
3 We to Ireland for a week in June.
5 Studio inglese per due ore la settimana.
4 you Dublin Castle?
6 Andava in piscina ogni sabato da piccolo.
5 This afternoon we a taxi to the
7 Ieri ho incontrato Sue al parco.
theatre.
8 Dove hai comprato quella borsa?
6 There’s no food in the fridge, I don’t know what
we .
7 I think I this exam, I didn’t study Dictation
enough.
8 What time the show 14 5.10 Listen and write.
this evening?

15
OBJECTIVES
1 A new start
Grammar
 Modal verbs: should,
must, can
 Reflexive pronouns
Vocabulary
 Styles and accessories
Functions
 Giving advice
 Talking about obligation
 Talking about prohibition
 Agreeing and disagreeing

FITTING IN WITH THE “IN” CROWD


A
First of all you shouldn’t sit and wait for friends to come to you. You should be
pro-active and introduce yourself to groups of students. You should try and join
conversations, maybe just butt in with a question, especially just before lunch time
so you can walk with other students to the canteen and hopefully find some dining
companions.

Starting a new B
Of course when you are new you should be friendly to all the other students but you
school can be should look for the type of people you were friends with in your previous school. After

intimidating, all these are the kinds of people you like and get on with.

all the other C


Sometimes trying to make friends in the classroom isn’t easy. All eyes are on you and
students know you can feel embarrassed because every time you speak all the other students stop
each other and and listen. Even the most confident people clam up in this situation. Joining a club or
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doing a sport can be a great way to make new friends in a more relaxed setting.
you haven’t got You should find out what clubs there are outside of school hours and do an activity that
any friends. you enjoy, this way you can have fun and hang out with people with the same interests
as you.
It’s very tough
being the new D
Making friends can be especially hard when you are a naturally shy person, so you
kid so here is should stay calm and try and look confident even if you don’t feel it. Making eye contact
our guide to and speaking up can make you seem more confident, but remember you shouldn’t try
too hard, be cool and people will think you are friendly but not desperate! The most
fitting in and important thing to remember is you shouldn’t change your personality, be natural, and

16 making friends. you are sure to meet people like you and make some lasting friendships.
A new start

1
PRESENTATION 4 John has joined the school football team. Complete
the advice with should/shouldn’t and a verb below.
1 Look at the photographs, what do you think is touch  take  have  be  shout  pass  injure  practice  keep
happening in each photograph?
1 He his football boots.
2 He late for practice.
2 5.11Read the article and match the headings 1-4
3 He the ball to the other players,
to the correct paragraph A-D. Then listen and check.
he it when he can’t score.
1 Relax 4 He the ball with his hands.
2 Make the first move 5 He a shower after practice.
3 Try a different setting 6 He at the referee.
4 Find the right type of friends 7 He other players.
8 He at home and at school.
3 Read the article again and match the verb phrases 1-6
to the definitions a-f.
1 fit in a to have a friendly relationship FUNCTIONS
2 butt in b to be accepted by other people
in the group 5 Read the situations. Write advice using
3 get on with c to relax should/shouldn’t and the suggestions below.
4 clam up d to spend a lot of time with stay up late at night  tell your parents  ask for directions
particular people eat snacks  share your partner’s
5 hang out e to interrupt ask for help  go to school today  have a snack
6 be cool f to suddenly stop talking
especially when you are 1 I don’t know where the computer lab is.
nervous You should ask for directions.
2 I have forgotten my English book.
GRAMMAR 3
4
I don’t understand this exercise.
I feel really tired in class.
should/shouldn’t 5 I feel very ill.
6 It’s only 11.30 but I’m hungry.
 We use should/shouldn’t to give advice and to say 7 I feel fat, I want to lose weight.
what is/isn’t a good idea. 8 I want to go to my friend’s house after school.

Affirmative 6 What do you think is the best way for a new student
You should try and join conversations. to fit in at your school? Choose the correct answer.
You should be friendly.
1 You should / shouldn’t wear expensive designer
Negative clothes.
You shouldn’t wait for friends to come to you. 2 You should / shouldn’t try and answer all the
You shouldn’t try too hard. teacher’s questions.
3 You should / shouldn’t offer to do homework
Questions and short answers for other students.
Should I speak loudly? 4 You should / shouldn’t tell your teacher your
Yes, you should. No, you shouldn’t. classmate is cheating in tests.
What should I do to make new friends? 5 You should / shouldn’t wait for people to talk
to you.
 Should is a modal verb and it is followed by the 6 You should / shouldn’t invite people to your
house after school.
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infinitive without to.

 The form is the same for all subjects. 7 Compare your answers with the class,
WB p. 156 do you all agree?

FINISHED FIRST FUN!


Add four pieces of advice for a new student in your class.
You shouldn’t go out with your classmate’s
girlfriend/boyfriend.

17
PRESENTATION GRAMMAR
 www.unwrittenschoolrules.co must/mustn’t
 We use must/mustn’t to express obligation and
UNWRITTEN SCHOOL RULES! prohibition.
All schools have rules; students must wear a
uniform, they mustn’t run in the corridor, they Affirmative
must switch their mobiles off in school. But Students must wear a uniform.
these rules are easy, we all know them, but what They must switch their mobiles off.
about the unwritten rules that we must follow?
Let us know about your school’s unwritten rules. Negative
They mustn’t run in the corridor.
At my school in the classroom you You mustn’t look too clever.
mustn’t look too clever and answer all the
questions, the other students will secretly  Must is a modal verb and it is followed by the
think you are a “boffin”! infinitive without to.
Rachel, 16
 The form is the same for all subjects.
Boys should pretend to be interested in WB p. 157
football at my school. You can have other
interests but you must keep up to date MIND THE TRAP!
with the latest football scores and support
a team if you want to be popular. I hate Mustn’t and can’t have a similar meaning in the
football but it’s what most of the boys talk negative form:
about – it’s so boring. Boys also mustn’t show any weakness.
Neil, 15 You can’t complain too much at my school.
= prohibition
It isn’t cool to be the “teacher’s pet” so you In the affirmative they are different:
mustn’t chat with the teacher after lessons You can have other interests.
or try to be the teacher’s best friend at Puoi avere altri interessi. = possibility
my school – it’s so silly really because our
teachers are really nice. You must support a team.
Nicky, 15 Devi tifare una squadra. = necessity, obligation

Boys also mustn’t show any weakness, so 9 Use the blog to complete the list of “unwritten”
you can’t complain too much at my school rules using must/mustn’t.
– that’s the best way to get bullied. Equally 1 Students answer all the questions.
you shouldn’t be too mean to other kids, no 2 Boys be able to talk about football.
one really likes a bully. 3 Students be friends with the teachers.
Oliver, 14 4 Boys complain too much.

Post a Comment | Bookmark this Page | Next 10 What do you think of the “unwritten” rules in the
blog? Are any of the rules the same at your school?
Make a list of five “unofficial” rules for your school
8 5.12 Listen and read the blog and decide if the
using must/mustn’t.
statements are true (T) or false (F).
1 It’s a good idea to try and answer all the
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teacher’s questions at Rachel’s school. Pronunciation – /Λ/ or /Ʊ/


2 At Neil’s school the boys think that football
is boring. 11 5.13 Listen and repeat.
3 It’s a good idea to know a lot about football
at Neil’s school.
/Λ/ /Ʊ/
4 It’s not a good idea to try and be the must should
teacher’s best friend at Nicky’s school. up could
5 The students don’t like the teachers
one good
at Nicky’s school.
love put
6 At Oliver’s school bullies are cool and popular.

18
A new start

SKILLS – LISTENING FUNCTIONS


12 Complete Study Skills with the words below. 16 Complete Speak Out with the words/phrases below.

Don’t worry  context  check  knowledge I’m afraid I disagree.  I agree up to a point.
I couldn’t agree more.  Absolutely!

STUDY SKILLS Listening


Listening effectively SPEAK OUT Agreeing and disagreeing
• Listen and guess what the 1 is.
•2 if you don’t understand every word. Agreeing
• That’s so true!
• Use the context and your 3 to guess • That’s a good point!
what happens next. • Exactly!
• Listen for key words to 4 your ideas. •1
•2
13 Look at the photo and answer the questions. Partial agreement
• That may be true, but ...
1 Where are the people? • You’ve got a point, but ...
2 What is happening? •3
3 How do you think the people are feeling?
Disagreeing
14 5.14 Listen and match the studio guests 1-3 • I’m sorry, but I can’t agree with you.
to their occupations a-d. There’s one extra. •4
• No way!*
1 John Mondiale a student • Come off it!*
2 Matt Mondiale b psychiatrist
*Very direct and perhaps rude for people
3 Angela Webb c psychologist you don’t know well.
d head teacher

15 E Go further looking at VIDEO CLIP 1


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5.14 Listen again and write A (Angela),


J (John) or M (Matt).
1 disagrees with school uniforms.
2 thinks rules are good for students.
17 Give your opinions on the statements below then
agree or disagree with your partner/the class. Use
3 thinks parents shouldn’t criticise school
Speak Out to help you.
rules.
4 thinks that teachers don’t listen to students. 1 Parents mustn’t tell their children what to wear.
5 thinks that uniforms don’t make students 2 Students mustn’t break school rules.
feel equal. 3 When you think a rule is wrong you should
6 thinks that teachers are in touch with say so.
students. 4 There must be rules at school.

19
SHOULD YOU CARE ABOUT WHAT YOU WEAR?
We asked some teenagers for their opinions …
Sian thinks people should always try to look good because
appearance is important. Sian loves shopping with her friends.
‘We really enjoy ourselves. We help each other to look good.’
Mick doesn’t care about clothes. ‘Some people should spend
less time looking at themselves in the mirror and worrying about
clothes. Your personality is more important than your appearance.’
Claire thinks clothes should express your personality and your
individuality. She makes her clothes herself. ‘I think it’s important to have
an original look.’
Chris thinks clothes must be practical. ‘I think you should wear clothes that you
feel comfortable in, you shouldn’t be a slave to fashion and wear ridiculous clothes
just because it’s “designer”. I hate shopping. I don’t usually buy my clothes myself.
Other people get them for me.’
Omar cares about his appearance, but he doesn’t think you should spend a lot on
clothes. ‘I think when you pay for your clothes yourself, you’re more careful about
what you buy.’

PRESENTATION MIND THE TRAP!


We don’t normally use reflexive pronouns with
18 5.15 Listen and read the article. Whose attitude to
these verbs: wash, dress, shave, brush.
clothes is most similar to your own?
I shave before I have a shower.
19 Read the text again and underline the reflexive NOT I shave myself.
pronouns.

20 Complete the sentences with the correct reflexive


pronoun.
GRAMMAR 1 Samar is paying for her studies .
2 Be careful, Tim! Don’t cut !
Reflexive pronouns
3 Do you like my dress? I made it .
Singular 4 We didn’t have any help, we did it .
myself/yourself/himself/herself/itself 5 Supermodels annoy me. They take
so seriously!
Plural
6 My dad likes to go shopping by .
ourselves/yourselves/themselves
Reciprocal pronouns 21 Complete with the correct reflexive pronoun or each
each other/one another other. Then, in pairs, ask and answer the questions.
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 We use reflexive pronouns when the object and the 1 How many times a day do you look at
subject are the same. in the mirror?
I buy my clothes myself. 2 Do you think we can look at for
twenty seconds without laughing?
 We use by + reflexive pronoun to mean alone or
3 Do your friends smoke or eat too much? Or do
without any help.
they look after ?
I go shopping by myself.
4 Do you and your friends enjoy when
 We use reciprocal pronouns when the action of two you go shopping together?
subjects is reciprocal. 5 Do you and your friends ever lend
I help her, she helps me. = We help each other. clothes?
WB p. 157 6 Do you enjoy spending time by ?

20
VOCABULARY
STYLES AND ACCESSORIES
22 Put each word into the correct group. Then add as many other words as you can in three minutes.

boots  bracelet  eyeliner  belt  trainers  coat  earrings Accessories


Clothes Make-up Footwear
scarf  cardigan  tights  wristband Jewellery
lipstick  tracksuit  blouse  sweatshirt ... ... ... ...
ring  necklace  nose ring  sandals  mascara

23 5.16 Listen and read the text below and put the phrases in bold from the text in the correct column in the table.

Describing clothes – order of adjectives


Opinion Size/length Style/cut Colour/shade Material Noun Preposition + noun
cool -- -- light grey cotton tracksuit top with a zip
-- tight trendy grey -- leggings --
... ... ... ... ... ... ...

24 Put the adjectives in the correct order. Use the table 25 Describe what one of your classmates is wearing
in Exercise 23 to help you. today. Your partner tries to guess who he/she is.
1 striped / a(n) / old-fashioned / cotton shirt
2 silk / large / a / blue blouse 26 E Choose a fashion or style that is popular
3 gold / long / beautiful earrings with a group of people in your country.
4 nylon / a / cheap / white tracksuit Write a description of about 200–250 words.
5 cotton / beige / baggy shorts • Paragraph 1
6 horrible / grey / woollen socks Mention the clothes, accessories and make-up they
7 funny / with writing on it / a T-shirt usually wear.
8 ripped / with a patch / denim jeans • Paragraph 2
Mention the kind of music they listen to.
• Paragraph 3

?
Vocabulary in action p. 254 Mention how they typically spend their free time.

What’s new on the


High Street
FASHION TRENDS
© Pearson Italia spa

Ryan is wearing a cool light grey cotton tracksuit top


with a zip up the front and no sleeves, he’s wearing a light
green cotton t-shirt and smart dark blue jeans and
dark grey canvass trainers. He’s also wearing a thick
leather bracelet.

Beth is wearing a tight blue vest top with thin white


straps, trendy grey leggings, a light blue cap, flat light
blue pumps and a chunky blue bracelet. She’s also
wearing eyeliner and mascara and has a pair of big plastic
sunglasses and a pair of headphones round her neck.
21
SKILLS – READING
27 Follow the instructions.
• Look at the T-shirts. Quickly decide which
colour you like the most.
• Find out what your choice of colour means
in the box at the bottom of the page.
Do you agree? Why/why not?
• Do you think that our favourite colours
say a lot about our personalities?

28 Quickly read the article and choose which


statement a-d best summarises it.
a As children girls and boys learn to prefer some
colours to others.
b Pink is a more delicate colour than blue.
c The colours of children’s toys are changing all
the time.
d We prefer certain colours because of the roles
people had thousands of years ago.

29 5.17 Read the article again and complete


gaps 1-4 with the sentences a-f below.
There are two sentences you don’t need. SKILLS – SPEAKING
Then listen and check.
31 E Answer the questions.
a Even a hundred years ago, people saw pink
as an aggressive colour whereas blue was • Has your taste in colours changed since you
pretty and delicate. were younger?
b Is it a problem that we are bringing up girls • What were your favourite toys/clothes when you
to adore the colour pink? were little? When did you grow out of them?
c It wasn’t until the twentieth century that the • Do you think there is more pressure on teenage
situation changed. girls to wear “feminine colours”?
d Men perhaps prefer blue because they used
to hunt and a blue sky meant good weather
for hunting. SKILLS – WRITING
e For the same reason, it used to be fashionable
for businessmen to wear red ties. 32 E Write a short article about the influence of colour
f On the other hand, we teach girls that pink on your life. Think about:
is a cute, feminine colour. • the colours you wore as a child.
• the colour of your bedroom and toys.
30 E Are the statements true (T) or false (F)? • who chose your clothes and toys, etc.
1 Young Chinese men prefer blue to pink. • the colours you wear now.
• has it changed? Why/why not?
2 Only women used to eat forest fruits.
3 The author doesn’t agree that we prefer
certain colours because of evolution. also indecisive and forgetful.
4 It is easy to find clothes and toys in many
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You are funny and affectionate but Pink


different colours for girls. conscientious.
5 Pink was a colour associated with men You are optimistic, clever and Yellow
in Viking times.
also rather stubborn and shy.
6 It was unconventional for boys to wear
You are modest and hard-working but Grey
disciplined.
pink in 1914.
You are mature, sensible and self- Purple
7 Sue Palmer believes there is no connection
also a little bossy.
between how we bring up girls and the
You are outgoing and adventurous but Red
careers they choose as teenagers. are rather proud and get upset easily.
8 Most girls become less interested in You appreciate peace and quiet. You Blue
the colour pink as they get older.
22
A new start

THIS WEEK
1

S cientists at Newcastle University recently


did an experiment. They asked young
British people in their twenties to choose
which colour they preferred out of two options.
Their results showed that women generally 5
prefer pink colours and men prefer blue. They
then repeated their experiment with young
Chinese people and the results were very
similar. The scientists’ conclusion was that
our preferences for different colours was the 10
result of evolution and something we are all
born with. They argued that women perhaps
prefer pink colours because in the past they
had to be good at identifying red berries and
other fruits of the forest. 1 15

It’s a nice theory, but there’s a problem with it:


it isn’t very convincing. The fact is that men in
their twenties prefer blue to pink because of
their upbringing – we teach boys from early
childhood that they should prefer blue, a more 20
masculine colour. 2 Look around any
toy shop – toys and books for girls are pink,
purple or red, whereas most toys and books for
boys are different shades of blue, brown or
green. Some parents think that there should be 25
more choice and we shouldn’t encourage these

pretty in
colour rules but it is difficult to find toys or
clothes for little girls that aren’t pink.

pink
However, it hasn’t always been like this. Indeed,
for hundreds of years, people used to think pink 30
was the most suitable colour for boys and blue
for girls. To the Vikings, pink was a symbol of
masculinity and war. 3 For example,
in 1914 an American newspaper, advised that
mothers should ‘use pink for the boy and blue for 35
the girl, if you are a follower of convention.’ We
don’t really know why this changed, but it started
to happen after World War Two.
4
Sue Palmer, a child psychologist,
feels that it is. She believes that we must stop 40
‘our total obsession’ with pink because it has a
negative effect on girls’ personalities - it limits
their choices and decisions in life. She agrees
that girls typically don’t become interested in
science and business when they are teenagers.
© Pearson Italia spa

45
However, she argues that this is because society
tells them they should be ‘pink princesses’. Boys
have an advantage, simply because they can
choose from a wider range of colours as they
grow up. Other experts argue that colours have 50
no influence on our personalities and the love of
pink is a harmless phase that girls soon grow
out of as they reach adolescence. Certainly when
I look at my teenage daughter with her black
clothes and black make up, our cute pink-loving 55
little toddler seems a very distant memory …

4 February | The Scientific Journal


23
2 Hard work
OBJECTIVES
Grammar Functions

JOB?
 Verb patterns  Talking about obligation

THE IDEAL  have to


Vocabulary
 Jobs and work
and lack of obligation
 Describing a job
 Taking and leaving
messages

CA R EER Take the test to find


your ideal job! } For each pair of sentences choose
the one that best describes you.
QUIZ
1 A I enjoy doing group projects
at school.
B I like studying on my own.
A I’m good at memorizing so
2 I do well in exams.
B I find it hard to remember
facts and information, but
I remember personal details
about people.
A I always hope to do better A I want to do a practical job in
3 than other students in the 6 the future.
exams.
B I would like to do a creative job
B I love working with other in the future.
students and helping with
A I hate being the centre
their problems. 7 of attention; I am more
A When I decide to do comfortable as one of a crowd.
4 something, I do it.
B I need to be the leader, I hate
B I often change my mind. being one of the crowd.
A I must do my homework A I start feeling bored when I
5 before I can relax in an 8 don’t have new experiences
evening. or meet new people.
B I can do my homework B I avoid going to places I don’t
any time; my social life is know with unfamiliar people,
the most important thing I like being with my friends in
to me. places I know well.

PRESENTATION 2 Compare the jobs in Exercise 1. Which ones, in


your opinion, are:
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1 Check you know the jobs below. Then say which jobs • the hardest/easiest?
you can see in the photos. • the most stressful?
• the most interesting?
artist  librarian  therapist  priest  accountant  scientist
• the best/worst paid?
nurse  engineer  firefighter  computer programmer  pilot
police officer  doctor  architect  psychologist  writer
A I think doctors have the most stressful job.
translator  fashion designer  teacher  musician
B No, it’s more stressful to be a police officer.
insurance agent  lawyer  judge  salesperson
businessman/woman  marketing manager  company director
3 Do the Ideal Job test and check your score on page
banker  politician  TV presenter  reporter  actor  vet 25. Do you agree with the results?

24
5
Hard work

Complete with the correct form of the verbs


2
in brackets.
A
I can’t stand 1 (have) a routine and
in this job every day is different. I don’t mind
2
(wear) a uniform. Sometimes the work is
very physical. Sometimes it’s intellectual, you know,
trying to solve a crime. I decided 3 (do) this
job because I like 4 (help) people too.

B
I want 5 (be) successful, I hope
6
(get) the chance to play my own songs.
I learnt 7 (play) the keyboards when I was
I child but now I prefer 8 (play) the guitar.
I practise 9 (play) every day and I love
10
(write) songs. I’d love 11
(perform) them in public, but it seems
12
(be) difficult to be very successful in
my job.

C
I enjoy 13 (be) the centre of attention.
I love 14 (speak) in public, and I’m on TV
almost every week. I spend most of my time
here in London but I also travel a lot, and I
like 15 (travel)! In my job I manage
16
(change) people’s lives and that’s a
great thing.

company director, banker, politician, TV presenter, reporter, actor 251+ 6 Which jobs do you think the people in texts A, B, and
marketing manager C do? Use the suggestions below and check your
ideas with your partner.
businessman/woman, lawyer, judge, salesperson, insurance agent, 210-250
psychologist, writer, translator, fashion designer, teacher, musician 151-200
engineer, computer programmer, pilot, police officer, doctor, architect 91-150 artist  police officer  musician  politician
librarian, therapist, priest, accountant, scientist, nurse 60-90 firefighter  TV presenter
Ideal jobs Points

7
Results
1 A50 B5 | 2 A10 B25 | 3 A20 B10 | 4 A20 B10 | 5 A5 B40 | 6 A10 B25 | 7 A5 B50 | 8 A30 B5 Write five true and five false sentences about
Points yourself. Use verbs from Exercise 4. Read your
sentences to your partner, can your partner guess
which ones are true?
GRAMMAR A I would like to work with animals.
B I think that’s true./That’s definitely false!
4 Complete the table with the underlined verbs from
the test.
Pronunciation – /ɪ/ or /iː/
Verb patterns
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Verbs followed by -ing form: 8 5.18 Do you pronounce the underlined letters in
prefer, miss, stop, practise, not mind, can’t stand, these words with /ɪ/ or /iː/? Put them in the correct
, , , , , group. Then listen and check.

Verbs followed by to + infinitive: artist  detail  sleep  easy  decide  evening  need  weekends
agree, learn, manage, offer, promise, seem, wish, different  dentist  teacher  priest  therapist  politician
, , , ,
/ɪ/ /iː/
Verbs followed by infinitive without to:
artist detail
could, should, , WB p. 164 ... ...
25
SEARCH www.world_of_work.co.uk/teenagers

PRESENTATION
9 5.19 Listen and read the texts and match the
people A-D to the statements 1-8.

1 Who doesn’t have a boss?


2 Who works with children?
3 Who works with computers?
4 Who doesn’t have to work with people?
5 Who works only at the weekend?
6 Who sometimes has to get up early?
>> STUDENT PROFILE
A
7 Who can work when he/she chooses to?
8 Who works for his/her family?

GRAMMAR Football referee


José, 19, Fortaleza,
have to Brazil
 We use have to/has to when something My job is my passion. I’m
is necessary. a football referee. I have
to work every weekend in
 We use don’t have to/doesn’t have to when different schools during
something is not necessary. football tournaments for
primary school children.
 In the affirmative, have to is similar to must, but It’s good practice
in the negative mustn’t means that something is
because I’d like to be an
prohibited.
international referee in the
You mustn’t smoke.
future and I need a lot of
Affirmative
experience. It’s not a very
I/You/We/They have to work every weekend. well-paid job but football
He/She has to work every weekend. is my love.

Negative
I/You/We/They don’t have to wake up early.

B
He/She doesn’t have to wake up early. >> STUDENT PROFILE

Yes/No questions and short answers Sushi bar help


Do I/you/we/they have to work hard? Yoichi, 17, Kobe, Japan
Yes, I/you/we/they do. No, I/you/we/they don’t.
Does he/she have to work hard?
I help my grandparents to run
Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t. a restaurant in the centre of
Kobe. I usually have to wash
Wh- questions up and sometimes clean the
What do you have to do? tables. My grandparents are
When does she have to work? very nice so I don’t have to
wake up early on Sunday but
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WB p. 165
I have to be at the bar at 6.30
a.m. every Saturday. It’s a good
10 Use the texts to complete the sentences with the job because I can earn some
correct form of have to. money and I love spending
1 José work every weekend. time with my grandparents
2 Yoichi wake up early on Sunday. – my granddad tells me a
3 Yoichi start work early on Saturday. lot of interesting stories and
4 Megan work for other people. my grandma often cooks
5 Markus play games five hours a day. something special only for me.
6 Markus work more before Christmas.

26
11
Hard work

2
THE WORLD Use the prompts to write questions
using the correct from of have to.

OF WORK FOR 1 José / work outside?


Does José have to work outside?
TEENAGERS 2
3
Megan / work with children?
Markus / work with computers?
Teenagers are ambitious, teenagers work hard
and teenagers … always need extra money. 4 Yoichi / have any special equipment?
5 Yoichi / get up early on Saturday?
CREATE A PROFILE Click Here 6 José / work at weekends?
7 Megan / work in a team?
8 Markus / have special qualifications?
>> STUDENT PROFILE
C 12 Now write short answers for the questions
in Exercise 11.
1 Yes, he does.

13 Answer the questions about the jobs in the text.


Use the phrases below to help you.

long hours  well-paid  no free time  passion


start early in the morning  no boss  a lot of free time

1 Which of these jobs would/wouldn’t you


like to have? Why?
2 Is it good that teenagers work and study?
eBay seller – Megan, 19, Baldwin, USA Why/why not?
My job is also my hobby. I make my own crafts and 3 Which jobs are easy and which are difficult?
sell them on eBay. I like it very much because I don’t Why?
have to work for other people and I can do it when I
want to. My mother is very happy that I earn my own FUNCTIONS
money and I’m happy because I can spend it on CDs
or DVDs. I study at college and now I need some new 14 Work in pairs. Student A, think of a job and answer
books, so I have to work a bit more! Student B’s questions with short answers. Student B,
ask Yes/No questions and guess your partner’s job.
B Do you have to work outside?
A Yes, I do, sometimes.
>> STUDENT PROFILE
D B
A
Do you have to wear a uniform?
Yes, I do.
B Are you a firefighter?
A No, I’m not.

FINISHED FIRST FUN!


Think of an unusual job, use the suggestions below
or your own ideas.
Write down what you have to/don’t have to do.
© Pearson Italia spa

circus clown  astronaut  stuntman


Game tester – Markus, 16, Vienna, Austria animal trainer  perfume creator
My job is perfect. I have to play computer games
five hours a day. A big company pays me five euros Read your description to the class and see if they can
guess the job.
an hour to play a game until it breaks. I have to
work more from 2 October to 30 November to get A You have to work with animals, you have to
the games ready for Christmas. My stepfather wear make up and you have to be fit.
thinks playing computer games is bad for me, but B Is it a circus clown?
I just love it.

27
VOCABULARY
JOBS AND WORK 19 Complete these sentences with work or job.
1 Jane spends a lot of time at .
15 Add suffixes to these words to form jobs. Be careful 2 I don’t love my but it pays well.
of spelling changes. Which suffixes do we add 3 I think our policemen do a fantastic .
to nouns and which to verbs? 4 Helping my dad in the garden is really
hard .
Nouns Verbs
5 At the weekend I have lots of little
art 1
artist act 8
actor to do around the house.
library 2
design 9
6 I don’t like – but I do it because I need
music 3
direct 10
to pay my bills.
politics 4
manage 11

psychology 5
programme 12
20 Look at cartoons A and B and choose the two
science 6
report 13
captions for each cartoon. Then say which caption
therapy 7
translate 14
you think is funnier for each cartoon.
1 ‘It’s a fantastic CV. We’re very interested in
16 Read the sentences and underline the adjective +
meeting the person who wrote it.’
preposition phrases. What verb form do we use after
2 ‘I’m looking for temporary work.’
prepositions: the infinitive or the -ing form?
3 ‘I see that you’re good at using a computer.’
4 ‘I’m keen on working outside.’
Sara I’m very fond of reading and I’m keen
on using foreign languages.

A
Max I’m comfortable with playing in front of large
audiences and I’m used to travelling.

Lucy I’m interested in helping people with their


problems and I’m good at giving advice.

Jon I’m mad about working with computers


but I get bored with being on my own.

17 E Which of the jobs in Exercise 15 do you think


would be the most suitable for the four people
in Exercise 16?
B
18 Use the phrases from Exercise 16 to write three
sentences about yourself. Read your sentences to the
class. Who is the most similar to you?

MIND THE TRAP!


© Pearson Italia spa

Job and work have different meanings.


Job refers to a specific task or occupation. It is a
countable noun:
As soon as I graduate, I’m going to start looking
for a job.
Work refers to something more general. It is
usually uncountable:
I can’t go out tonight. I’ve got too much work
to do.
Vocabulary in action p. 256

28
Hard work

SKILLS – LISTENING and SPEAKING 24 5.22 Listen to Part 3 of the recording. Does Jacob
feel confident about the interview? Why/why not?
21 E Describe the photo and answer the questions.
1 What is the situation? FUNCTIONS
2 How do you think the people are feeling? Why?
3 Do you get nervous before an interview or oral SPEAK OUT Taking and leaving messages
exams? Why?
A Hello?
22 5.20Listen to Part 1 of the recording and answer
the questions. B Hello. Can/Could I speak to X, please?

1 What job is Rachel phoning about? A I’m sorry. He/She isn’t here. Can I take a
2 What does Jacob’s flatmate Lily think he message?
should do? B No, it’s OK Yes, please. Can/Could you
3 What message, A or B, does Jacob leave for thanks. tell him/her that (name)
Rachel? I’ll call back phoned and (message) …?
later. Can you ask him/her to
(phone me back)?
A
A OK. I’ll tell him/her. Goodbye.

Rachel -
rce
Jacob Pea
Go further looking at VIDEO CLIP 2

phone d. Rachel B
Jacob Pea
He’ll call rce phone
25 5.23Study Speak Out and try to put the
late r H e h a s d. conversation below in order. Then listen and check.
back an exam
on Thursd
ay an d ca a That’s brilliant news. I’ll let him know.
© Pearson Italia spa

co me to t n’t
he inter vie Goodbye.
Can yo u p w. b Hello, good morning. Could I speak to Jacob
hone him
back? Pearce, please?
c Yes, please. Can you tell him that Rachel
Stephens called again and I’m happy to tell
him that he’s got the job, starting on Monday.
Can you ask him to phone me back?
d Hello, 605782
23 5.21 Listen to Part 2 of the recording. What time is e I’m sorry, but Jacob’s out again at the
Jacob’s interview now? moment. Can I take a message?

29
THE
BEST
JOB Ben Southall

IN THE
WORLD

It’s a dream
job except
for one thing.
1 Ben Southall is the caretaker of a tropical island. His job
It isn’t permanent.
involves swimming, relaxing, making friends with the local people,
exploring other islands and having a good time.
He also has to write a blog and take photos and videos of the island to show the world what a
wonderful place it is. It’s a full-time job, but he can turn up for work when he wants to and choose
to have a break any time he feels tired. He earns a monthly salary of £12,500 – twelve times more
than the UK minimum wage. His free beach home has three bedrooms, a private pool and wonderful
views. And when he needs to get around the island he has an electric golf buggy. It’s a dream job except
for one thing. It isn’t permanent. Ben’s contract is only for six months.

2 The job was the prize in a competition that Ben’s employers, Tourism Queensland, organised
to attract tourists to the Great Barrier Reef. Ben’s new home, Hamilton Island, is in the Whitsunday
Islands in Queensland, north-eastern Australia. It is a beautiful island very near the Great Barrier Reef
Marine Park. It also has the largest airport in the area and frequent ferries to the mainland. So it is the
perfect place for tourists to stay when they want to visit the wonders of the Great Barrier Reef.

3 To get the job Ben had to win a competition with almost 35,000 applicants from over 200
© Pearson Italia spa

countries. In his application video he said he loved travelling and adventure and enjoyed talking to
people. He included pictures of himself trekking in Africa, riding an ostrich, bungee jumping, scuba
diving and kissing a giraffe. The job interview for the sixteen finalists in the competition took place
on the island and lasted for four days. They had to answer questions and show they could snorkel, swim,
organise barbecues and write entertaining blogs. Ben managed to impress the organisers with his
imagination, his energy, his ability to deal with difficult situations and his love for Queensland.

4 Ben, who is thirty-four years old and comes from Hampshire in the UK, used to work as a
tour guide in Africa and as a charity worker. He is, of course, delighted that he won the competition
and is absolutely certain that he has the best job in the world. However, Ben is not the only winner.
The competition cost Tourism Queensland 1.7 million Australian dollars to organise. But the publicity
it brought to the region was worth over 110 million Australian dollars!
30