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MODELO ANALÍTIC

DADOS
Considerações inicais para Considerações iniciais para os conectores
os materiais

Ec Ew d β = t/d Es a b
(N/mm²) (N/mm²) (mm) (N/mm²) (mm) (mm)

24500 24500 d = 75 mm 0.00 210000 0.0075 0.0075


24500 24500 75 0.50 210000 37.5075 37.5075
24500 24500 75 1.00 210000 75.0075 75.0075
24500 24500 75 1.50 210000 112.5075 112.5075
24500 24500 75 2.00 210000 150.0075 150.0075
24500 24500 75 2.50 210000 187.5075 187.5075
24500 24500 75 3.00 210000 225.0075 225.0075
24500 24500 75 3.50 210000 262.5075 262.5075
24500 24500 75 4.00 210000 300.0075 300.0075
24500 24500 75 4.50 210000 337.5075 337.5075
24500 24500 75 5.00 210000 375.0075 375.0075
24500 24500 75 5.50 210001 412.5075 412.5075
24500 24500 d = 50 mm 0.00 210000 0.005 0.005
24500 24500 50 0.50 210000 25.005 25.005
24500 24500 50 1.00 210000 50.005 50.005
24500 24500 50 1.50 210000 75.005 75.005
24500 24500 50 2.00 210000 100.005 100.005
24500 24500 50 2.50 210000 125.005 125.005
24500 24500 50 3.00 210000 150.005 150.005
24500 24500 50 3.50 210000 175.005 175.005
24500 24500 50 4.00 210000 200.005 200.005
24500 24500 50 4.50 210000 225.005 225.005
24500 24500 50 5.00 210000 250.005 250.005
24500 24500 50 5.50 210001 275.005 275.005
24500 24500 d = 44 mm 0.00 210000 0.0044 0.0044
24500 24500 44 0.50 210000 22.0044 22.0044
24500 24500 44 1.00 210000 44.0044 44.0044
24500 24500 44 1.50 210000 66.0044 66.0044
24500 24500 44 2.00 210000 88.0044 88.0044
24500 24500 44 2.50 210000 110.0044 110.0044
24500 24500 44 3.00 210000 132.0044 132.0044
24500 24500 44 3.50 210000 154.0044 154.0044
24500 24500 44 4.00 210000 176.0044 176.0044
24500 24500 44 4.50 210000 198.0044 198.0044
24500 24500 44 5.00 210000 220.0044 220.0044
24500 24500 44 5.50 210001 242.0044 242.0044
24500 24500 d = 38 mm 0.00 210000 0.0038 0.0038
24500 24500 38 0.50 210000 19.0038 19.0038
24500 24500 38 1.00 210000 38.0038 38.0038
24500 24500 38 1.50 210000 57.0038 57.0038
24500 24500 38 2.00 210000 76.0038 76.0038
24500 24500 38 2.50 210000 95.0038 95.0038
24500 24500 38 3.00 210000 114.0038 114.0038
24500 24500 38 3.50 210000 133.0038 133.0038
24500 24500 38 4.00 210000 152.0038 152.0038
24500 24500 38 4.50 210000 171.0038 171.0038
24500 24500 38 5.00 210000 190.0038 190.0038
24500 24500 38 5.50 210001 209.0038 209.0038
24500 24500 d = 31 mm 0.00 210000 0.0031 0.0031
24500 24500 31 0.50 210000 15.5031 15.5031
24500 24500 31 1.00 210000 31.0031 31.0031
24500 24500 31 1.50 210000 46.5031 46.5031
24500 24500 31 2.00 210000 62.0031 62.0031
24500 24500 31 2.50 210000 77.5031 77.5031
24500 24500 31 3.00 210000 93.0031 93.0031
24500 24500 31 3.50 210000 108.5031 108.5031
24500 24500 31 4.00 210000 124.0031 124.0031
24500 24500 31 4.50 210000 139.5031 139.5031
24500 24500 31 5.00 210000 155.0031 155.0031
24500 24500 31 5.50 210001 170.5031 170.5031
24500 24500 d = 25 mm 0.00 210000 0.0025 0.0025
24500 24500 25 0.50 210000 12.5025 12.5025
24500 24500 25 1.00 210000 25.0025 25.0025
24500 24500 25 1.50 210000 37.5025 37.5025
24500 24500 25 2.00 210000 50.0025 50.0025
24500 24500 25 2.50 210000 62.5025 62.5025
24500 24500 25 3.00 210000 75.0025 75.0025
24500 24500 25 3.50 210000 87.5025 87.5025
24500 24500 25 4.00 210000 100.0025 100.0025
24500 24500 25 4.50 210000 112.5025 112.5025
24500 24500 25 5.00 210000 125.0025 125.0025
24500 24500 25 5.50 210001 137.5025 137.5025
24500 24500 d = 22.0 mm 0.00 210000 0.0022 0.0022
24500 24500 22 0.50 210000 11.0022 11.0022
24500 24500 22 1.00 210000 22.0022 22.0022
24500 24500 22 1.50 210000 33.0022 33.0022
24500 24500 22 2.00 210000 44.0022 44.0022
24500 24500 22 2.50 210000 55.0022 55.0022
24500 24500 22 3.00 210000 66.0022 66.0022
24500 24500 22 3.50 210000 77.0022 77.0022
24500 24500 22 4.00 210000 88.0022 88.0022
24500 24500 22 4.50 210000 99.0022 99.0022
24500 24500 22 5.00 210000 110.0022 110.0022
24500 24500 22 5.50 210001 121.0022 121.0022
24500 24500 d = 19.0 mm 0.00 210000 0.0019 0.0019
24500 24500 19 0.50 210000 9.5019 9.5019
24500 24500 19 1.00 210000 19.0019 19.0019
24500 24500 19 1.50 210000 28.5019 28.5019
24500 24500 19 2.00 210000 38.0019 38.0019
24500 24500 19 2.50 210000 47.5019 47.5019
24500 24500 19 3.00 210000 57.0019 57.0019
24500 24500 19 3.50 210000 66.5019 66.5019
24500 24500 19 4.00 210000 76.0019 76.0019
24500 24500 19 4.50 210000 85.5019 85.5019
24500 24500 19 5.00 210000 95.0019 95.0019
24500 24500 19 5.50 210001 104.5019 104.5019
24500 24500 d = 16.0 mm 0.00 210000 0.0016 0.0016
24500 24500 16 0.50 210000 8.0016 8.0016
24500 24500 16 1.00 210000 16.0016 16.0016
24500 24500 16 1.50 210000 24.0016 24.0016
24500 24500 16 2.00 210000 32.0016 32.0016
24500 24500 16 2.50 210000 40.0016 40.0016
24500 24500 16 3.00 210000 48.0016 48.0016
24500 24500 16 3.50 210000 56.0016 56.0016
24500 24500 16 4.00 210000 64.0016 64.0016
24500 24500 16 4.50 210000 72.0016 72.0016
24500 24500 16 5.00 210000 80.0016 80.0016
24500 24500 16 5.50 210001 88.0016 88.0016
24500 24500 d = 12.5 mm 0.00 210000 0.00125 0.00125
24500 24500 12.5 0.50 210000 6.25125 6.25125
24500 24500 12.5 1.00 210000 12.50125 12.50125
24500 24500 12.5 1.50 210000 18.75125 18.75125
24500 24500 12.5 2.00 210000 25.00125 25.00125
24500 24500 12.5 2.50 210000 31.25125 31.25125
24500 24500 12.5 3.00 210000 37.50125 37.50125
24500 24500 12.5 3.50 210000 43.75125 43.75125
24500 24500 12.5 4.00 210000 50.00125 50.00125
24500 24500 12.5 4.50 210000 56.25125 56.25125
24500 24500 12.5 5.00 210000 62.50125 62.50125
24500 24500 12.5 5.50 210001 68.75125 68.75125
24500 24500 d = 9.5 mm 0.00 210000 0.00095 0.00095
24500 24500 9.5 0.50 210000 4.75095 4.75095
24500 24500 9.5 1.00 210000 9.50095 9.50095
24500 24500 9.5 1.50 210000 14.25095 14.25095
24500 24500 9.5 2.00 210000 19.00095 19.00095
24500 24500 9.5 2.50 210000 23.75095 23.75095
24500 24500 9.5 3.00 210000 28.50095 28.50095
24500 24500 9.5 3.50 210000 33.25095 33.25095
24500 24500 9.5 4.00 210000 38.00095 38.00095
24500 24500 9.5 4.50 210000 42.75095 42.75095
24500 24500 9.5 5.00 210000 47.50095 47.50095
24500 24500 9.5 5.50 210001 52.25095 52.25095
24500 24500 d = 6.2 mm 0.00 210000 0.00062 0.00062
24500 24500 6.2 0.50 210000 3.10062 3.10062
24500 24500 6.2 1.00 210000 6.20062 6.20062
24500 24500 6.2 1.50 210000 9.30062 9.30062
24500 24500 6.2 2.00 210000 12.40062 12.40062
24500 24500 6.2 2.50 210000 15.50062 15.50062
24500 24500 6.2 3.00 210000 18.60062 18.60062
24500 24500 6.2 3.50 210000 21.70062 21.70062
24500 24500 6.2 4.00 210000 24.80062 24.80062
24500 24500 6.2 4.50 210000 27.90062 27.90062
24500 24500 6.2 5.00 210000 31.00062 31.00062
24500 24500 6.2 5.50 210001 34.10062 34.10062
MODELO ANALÍTICO DE KUENZI PARA LIGAÇÕES EM CORTE SIMPLES
CÁLCULOS
Propriedade Modulo elástico da fundação
geométrica da seção de suporte para cada um dos Parâmetros de caracterização dos materiais Fatores de combinações de fun
do conector materiais
Ip k1 k2 λ1 λ1 . a λ2 λ2 . b L1
(mm4) (N/mm²) (N/mm²) (mm-1) (mm-1)

1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 0.00012 0.01535 0.00012 3.69E-03


1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 0.57556 0.01535 0.57556 7.38E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 1.15101 0.01535 1.15101 3.75E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 1.72646 0.01535 1.72646 2.65E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 2.30191 0.01535 2.30191 2.26E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 2.87736 0.01535 2.87736 2.14E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 3.45280 0.01535 3.45280 2.12E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 4.02825 0.01535 4.02825 2.12E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 4.60370 0.01535 4.60370 2.12E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 5.17915 0.01535 5.17915 2.12E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 5.75460 0.01535 5.75460 2.12E-07
1553155.55 72342.52 72342.52 0.01535 6.33004 0.01535 6.33004 2.12E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 0.00010 0.02080 0.00010 8.29E-03
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 0.52008 0.02080 0.52008 1.66E-06
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 1.04006 0.02080 1.04006 8.38E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 1.56003 0.02080 1.56003 5.83E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 2.08001 0.02080 2.08001 4.80E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 2.59998 0.02080 2.59998 4.43E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 3.11996 0.02080 3.11996 4.33E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 3.63994 0.02080 3.63994 4.32E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 4.15991 0.02080 4.15991 4.32E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 4.67989 0.02080 4.67989 4.31E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 5.19986 0.02080 5.19986 4.31E-07
306796.16 48228.35 48228.35 0.02080 5.71983 0.02080 5.71983 4.31E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 0.00010 0.02289 0.00010 1.07E-02
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 0.50372 0.02289 0.50372 2.14E-06
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 1.00734 0.02289 1.00734 1.08E-06
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 1.51096 0.02289 1.51096 7.48E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 2.01459 0.02289 2.01459 6.11E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 2.51821 0.02289 2.51821 5.58E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 3.02183 0.02289 3.02183 5.43E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 3.52545 0.02289 3.52545 5.40E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 4.02907 0.02289 4.02907 5.40E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 4.53269 0.02289 4.53269 5.40E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 5.03631 0.02289 5.03631 5.40E-07
183984.23 42440.94 42440.94 0.02289 5.53993 0.02289 5.53993 5.39E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 0.00010 0.02555 0.00010 1.44E-02
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 0.48559 0.02555 0.48559 2.87E-06
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 0.97109 0.02555 0.97109 1.45E-06
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 1.45659 0.02555 1.45659 9.97E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 1.94209 0.02555 1.94209 8.07E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 2.42758 0.02555 2.42758 7.29E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 2.91308 0.02555 2.91308 7.04E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 3.39858 0.02555 3.39858 6.98E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 3.88407 0.02555 3.88407 6.98E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 4.36957 0.02555 4.36957 6.98E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 4.85507 0.02555 4.85507 6.97E-07
102353.87 36653.54 36653.54 0.02555 5.34056 0.02555 5.34056 6.97E-07
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 0.00009 0.02977 0.00009 2.16E-02
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 0.46150 0.02977 0.46150 4.32E-06
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 0.92290 0.02977 0.92290 2.17E-06
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 1.38430 0.02977 1.38430 1.49E-06
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 1.84571 0.02977 1.84571 1.19E-06
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 2.30711 0.02977 2.30711 1.06E-06
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 2.76852 0.02977 2.76852 1.01E-06
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 3.22992 0.02977 3.22992 9.98E-07
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 3.69132 0.02977 3.69132 9.96E-07
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 4.15273 0.02977 4.15273 9.96E-07
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 4.61413 0.02977 4.61413 9.96E-07
45333.23 29901.57 29901.57 0.02977 5.07553 0.02977 5.07553 9.96E-07
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 0.00009 0.03498 0.00009 3.32E-02
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 0.43733 0.03498 0.43733 6.64E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 0.87458 0.03498 0.87458 3.34E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 1.31183 0.03498 1.31183 2.27E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 1.74907 0.03498 1.74907 1.80E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 2.18632 0.03498 2.18632 1.58E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 2.62356 0.03498 2.62356 1.49E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 3.06081 0.03498 3.06081 1.46E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 3.49806 0.03498 3.49806 1.45E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 3.93530 0.03498 3.93530 1.45E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 4.37255 0.03498 4.37255 1.45E-06
19174.76 24114.17 24114.17 0.03498 4.80979 0.03498 4.80979 1.45E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 0.00008 0.03850 0.00008 4.28E-02
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 0.42358 0.03850 0.42358 8.57E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 0.84707 0.03850 0.84707 4.30E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 1.27056 0.03850 1.27056 2.93E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 1.69406 0.03850 1.69406 2.30E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 2.11755 0.03850 2.11755 2.00E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 2.54104 0.03850 2.54104 1.87E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 2.96454 0.03850 2.96454 1.83E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 3.38803 0.03850 3.38803 1.82E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 3.81152 0.03850 3.81152 1.82E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 4.23502 0.03850 4.23502 1.82E-06
11499.01 21220.47 21220.47 0.03850 4.65850 0.03850 4.65850 1.82E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 0.00008 0.04297 0.00008 5.74E-02
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 0.40833 0.04297 0.40833 1.15E-05
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 0.81659 0.04297 0.81659 5.77E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 1.22484 0.04297 1.22484 3.91E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 1.63309 0.04297 1.63309 3.06E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 2.04135 0.04297 2.04135 2.64E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 2.44960 0.04297 2.44960 2.45E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 2.85785 0.04297 2.85785 2.37E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 3.26610 0.04297 3.26610 2.35E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 3.67436 0.04297 3.67436 2.35E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 4.08261 0.04297 4.08261 2.35E-06
6397.12 18326.77 18326.77 0.04297 4.49086 0.04297 4.49086 2.35E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 0.00008 0.04889 0.00008 8.10E-02
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 0.39116 0.04889 0.39116 1.62E-05
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 0.78225 0.04889 0.78225 8.13E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 1.17333 0.04889 1.17333 5.50E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 1.56442 0.04889 1.56442 4.27E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 1.95550 0.04889 1.95550 3.65E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 2.34659 0.04889 2.34659 3.35E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 2.73767 0.04889 2.73767 3.22E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 3.12876 0.04889 3.12876 3.18E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 3.51984 0.04889 3.51984 3.17E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 3.91092 0.04889 3.91092 3.17E-06
3216.99 15433.07 15433.07 0.04889 4.30200 0.04889 4.30200 3.17E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 0.00007 0.05883 0.00007 1.33E-01
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 0.36775 0.05883 0.36775 2.65E-05
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 0.73543 0.05883 0.73543 1.33E-05
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 1.10311 0.05883 1.10311 8.97E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 1.47079 0.05883 1.47079 6.92E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 1.83847 0.05883 1.83847 5.84E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 2.20614 0.05883 2.20614 5.28E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 2.57382 0.05883 2.57382 5.02E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 2.94150 0.05883 2.94150 4.92E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 3.30918 0.05883 3.30918 4.89E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 3.67686 0.05883 3.67686 4.88E-06
1198.42 12057.09 12057.09 0.05883 4.04453 0.05883 4.04453 4.88E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 0.00007 0.07227 0.00007 2.30E-01
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 0.34337 0.07227 0.34337 4.59E-05
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 0.68667 0.07227 0.68667 2.30E-05
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 1.02996 0.07227 1.02996 1.55E-05
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 1.37326 0.07227 1.37326 1.19E-05
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 1.71656 0.07227 1.71656 9.91E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 2.05986 0.07227 2.05986 8.83E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 2.40316 0.07227 2.40316 8.27E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 2.74646 0.07227 2.74646 8.02E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 3.08975 0.07227 3.08975 7.92E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 3.43305 0.07227 3.43305 7.90E-06
399.82 9163.39 9163.39 0.07227 3.77635 0.07227 3.77635 7.89E-06
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 0.00006 0.09954 0.00006 5.39E-01
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 0.30862 0.09954 0.30862 1.08E-04
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 0.61718 0.09954 0.61718 5.40E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 0.92574 0.09954 0.92574 3.62E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 1.23430 0.09954 1.23430 2.76E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 1.54286 0.09954 1.54286 2.27E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 1.85142 0.09954 1.85142 1.98E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 2.15998 0.09954 2.15998 1.82E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 2.46854 0.09954 2.46854 1.73E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 2.77710 0.09954 2.77710 1.69E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 3.08566 0.09954 3.08566 1.67E-05
72.53 5980.31 5980.31 0.09954 3.39421 0.09954 3.39421 1.67E-05
1.30E+06 2; 1300000
S
Módulo de 1.20E+06
Fatores de combinações de funções hiperbólicas e trigonométricas rigidez βmín.

L2 J1 J2 K1 K2 kkuenzi Ligações parafusadas


1.10E+06
(kN/mm) x y

3.69E-03 1.02E-05 1.02E-05 9.83E+01 9.83E+01 6.78E+01 21.00E+06 0


7.38E-07 4.09E-13 4.09E-13 7.97E-10 7.97E-10 3.39E+05 2 1300000
9.00E+05
3.75E-07 1.08E-13 1.08E-13 1.19E-10 1.19E-10 6.67E+05
2.65E-07 5.87E-14 5.87E-14 6.01E-11 6.01E-11 9.42E+05 8.00E+05
2.26E-07 4.71E-14 4.71E-14 5.11E-11 5.11E-11 1.11E+06

k kuenzi (kN/mm)
2.14E-07 4.51E-14 4.51E-14 5.01E-11 5.01E-11 1.17E+06 7.00E+05

2.12E-07 4.50E-14 4.50E-14 5.01E-11 5.01E-11 1.18E+06


6.00E+05
2.12E-07 4.51E-14 4.51E-14 5.01E-11 5.01E-11 1.18E+06
2.12E-07 4.50E-14 4.50E-14 5.00E-11 5.00E-11 1.18E+06 5.00E+05
2.12E-07 4.50E-14 4.50E-14 5.00E-11 5.00E-11 1.18E+06
2.12E-07 4.50E-14 4.50E-14 5.00E-11 5.00E-11 1.18E+06 4.00E+05

2.12E-07 4.50E-14 4.50E-14 4.99E-11 4.99E-11 1.18E+06


3.00E+05
8.29E-03 5.16E-05 5.16E-05 4.98E+02 4.98E+02 3.01E+01
1.66E-06 2.07E-12 2.07E-12 4.01E-09 4.01E-09 1.51E+05 2.00E+05
8.38E-07 5.37E-13 5.37E-13 5.69E-10 5.69E-10 2.98E+05
5.83E-07 2.75E-13 2.75E-13 2.53E-10 2.53E-10 4.29E+05 1.00E+05

4.80E-07 2.05E-13 2.05E-13 1.97E-10 1.97E-10 5.20E+05


0.00E+00
4.43E-07 1.88E-13 1.88E-13 1.88E-10 1.88E-10 5.64E+05 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0

4.33E-07 1.86E-13 1.86E-13 1.87E-10 1.87E-10 5.77E+05 β


4.32E-07 1.86E-13 1.86E-13 1.87E-10 1.87E-10 5.79E+05
d = 75 mm d
4.32E-07 1.86E-13 1.86E-13 1.87E-10 1.87E-10 5.79E+05 d = 38 mm d
d = 22.0 mm d
4.31E-07 1.86E-13 1.86E-13 1.87E-10 1.87E-10 5.79E+05 d = 12.5 mm d
Ligações parafusadas L
4.31E-07 1.86E-13 1.86E-13 1.87E-10 1.87E-10 5.80E+05
4.31E-07 1.86E-13 1.86E-13 1.87E-10 1.87E-10 5.80E+05
1.07E-02 8.60E-05 8.60E-05 8.30E+02 8.30E+02 2.33E+01
2.14E-06 3.45E-12 3.45E-12 6.69E-09 6.69E-09 1.17E+05
1.08E-06 8.91E-13 8.91E-13 9.35E-10 9.35E-10 2.31E+05
7.48E-07 4.50E-13 4.50E-13 4.01E-10 4.01E-10 3.34E+05
6.11E-07 3.28E-13 3.28E-13 3.03E-10 3.03E-10 4.09E+05
5.58E-07 2.96E-13 2.96E-13 2.85E-10 2.85E-10 4.48E+05
5.43E-07 2.91E-13 2.91E-13 2.84E-10 2.84E-10 4.61E+05
5.40E-07 2.91E-13 2.91E-13 2.84E-10 2.84E-10 4.63E+05
5.40E-07 2.91E-13 2.91E-13 2.83E-10 2.83E-10 4.63E+05
5.40E-07 2.91E-13 2.91E-13 2.83E-10 2.83E-10 4.63E+05
5.40E-07 2.91E-13 2.91E-13 2.83E-10 2.83E-10 4.63E+05
5.39E-07 2.91E-13 2.91E-13 2.83E-10 2.83E-10 4.63E+05
1.44E-02 1.55E-04 1.55E-04 1.49E+03 1.49E+03 1.74E+01
2.87E-06 6.20E-12 6.20E-12 1.20E-08 1.20E-08 8.70E+04
1.45E-06 1.59E-12 1.59E-12 1.65E-09 1.65E-09 1.73E+05
9.97E-07 7.92E-13 7.92E-13 6.84E-10 6.84E-10 2.51E+05
8.07E-07 5.64E-13 5.64E-13 4.98E-10 4.98E-10 3.10E+05
7.29E-07 4.99E-13 4.99E-13 4.61E-10 4.61E-10 3.43E+05
7.04E-07 4.87E-13 4.87E-13 4.57E-10 4.57E-10 3.55E+05
6.98E-07 4.86E-13 4.86E-13 4.57E-10 4.57E-10 3.58E+05
6.98E-07 4.87E-13 4.87E-13 4.56E-10 4.56E-10 3.58E+05
6.98E-07 4.87E-13 4.87E-13 4.56E-10 4.56E-10 3.58E+05
6.97E-07 4.86E-13 4.86E-13 4.55E-10 4.55E-10 3.58E+05
6.97E-07 4.86E-13 4.86E-13 4.55E-10 4.55E-10 3.59E+05
2.16E-02 3.49E-04 3.49E-04 3.37E+03 3.37E+03 1.16E+01
4.32E-06 1.40E-11 1.40E-11 2.71E-08 2.71E-08 5.79E+04
2.17E-06 3.58E-12 3.58E-12 3.67E-09 3.67E-09 1.15E+05
1.49E-06 1.75E-12 1.75E-12 1.44E-09 1.44E-09 1.68E+05
1.19E-06 1.20E-12 1.20E-12 1.00E-09 1.00E-09 2.10E+05
1.06E-06 1.04E-12 1.04E-12 9.02E-10 9.02E-10 2.36E+05
1.01E-06 9.95E-13 9.95E-13 8.86E-10 8.86E-10 2.47E+05
9.98E-07 9.91E-13 9.91E-13 8.85E-10 8.85E-10 2.50E+05
9.96E-07 9.92E-13 9.92E-13 8.85E-10 8.85E-10 2.51E+05
9.96E-07 9.92E-13 9.92E-13 8.84E-10 8.84E-10 2.51E+05
9.96E-07 9.92E-13 9.92E-13 8.83E-10 8.83E-10 2.51E+05
9.96E-07 9.91E-13 9.91E-13 8.82E-10 8.82E-10 2.51E+05
3.32E-02 8.25E-04 8.25E-04 7.96E+03 7.96E+03 7.54E+00
6.64E-06 3.30E-11 3.30E-11 6.39E-08 6.39E-08 3.77E+04
3.34E-06 8.42E-12 8.42E-12 8.53E-09 8.53E-09 7.49E+04
2.27E-06 4.04E-12 4.04E-12 3.21E-09 3.21E-09 1.10E+05
1.80E-06 2.70E-12 2.70E-12 2.11E-09 2.11E-09 1.39E+05
1.58E-06 2.25E-12 2.25E-12 1.84E-09 1.84E-09 1.58E+05
1.49E-06 2.13E-12 2.13E-12 1.79E-09 1.79E-09 1.68E+05
1.46E-06 2.10E-12 2.10E-12 1.78E-09 1.78E-09 1.71E+05
1.45E-06 2.11E-12 2.11E-12 1.78E-09 1.78E-09 1.72E+05
1.45E-06 2.11E-12 2.11E-12 1.78E-09 1.78E-09 1.72E+05
1.45E-06 2.11E-12 2.11E-12 1.78E-09 1.78E-09 1.72E+05
1.45E-06 2.11E-12 2.11E-12 1.78E-09 1.78E-09 1.72E+05
4.28E-02 1.38E-03 1.38E-03 1.33E+04 1.33E+04 5.84E+00
8.57E-06 5.51E-11 5.51E-11 1.07E-07 1.07E-07 2.92E+04
4.30E-06 1.40E-11 1.40E-11 1.41E-08 1.41E-08 5.81E+04
2.93E-06 6.67E-12 6.67E-12 5.19E-09 5.19E-09 8.55E+04
2.30E-06 4.39E-12 4.39E-12 3.30E-09 3.30E-09 1.09E+05
2.00E-06 3.59E-12 3.59E-12 2.82E-09 2.82E-09 1.25E+05
1.87E-06 3.34E-12 3.34E-12 2.71E-09 2.71E-09 1.33E+05
1.83E-06 3.29E-12 3.29E-12 2.70E-09 2.70E-09 1.37E+05
1.82E-06 3.29E-12 3.29E-12 2.70E-09 2.70E-09 1.38E+05
1.82E-06 3.30E-12 3.30E-12 2.70E-09 2.70E-09 1.38E+05
1.82E-06 3.30E-12 3.30E-12 2.69E-09 2.69E-09 1.38E+05
1.82E-06 3.29E-12 3.29E-12 2.69E-09 2.69E-09 1.38E+05
5.74E-02 2.47E-03 2.47E-03 2.39E+04 2.39E+04 4.35E+00
1.15E-05 9.90E-11 9.90E-11 1.91E-07 1.91E-07 2.18E+04
5.77E-06 2.51E-11 2.51E-11 2.52E-08 2.52E-08 4.33E+04
3.91E-06 1.18E-11 1.18E-11 9.02E-09 9.02E-09 6.39E+04
3.06E-06 7.66E-12 7.66E-12 5.54E-09 5.54E-09 8.18E+04
2.64E-06 6.14E-12 6.14E-12 4.61E-09 4.61E-09 9.48E+04
2.45E-06 5.64E-12 5.64E-12 4.39E-09 4.39E-09 1.02E+05
2.37E-06 5.51E-12 5.51E-12 4.35E-09 4.35E-09 1.05E+05
2.35E-06 5.50E-12 5.50E-12 4.35E-09 4.35E-09 1.06E+05
2.35E-06 5.51E-12 5.51E-12 4.34E-09 4.34E-09 1.07E+05
2.35E-06 5.51E-12 5.51E-12 4.34E-09 4.34E-09 1.07E+05
2.35E-06 5.50E-12 5.50E-12 4.33E-09 4.33E-09 1.07E+05
8.10E-02 4.92E-03 4.92E-03 4.75E+04 4.75E+04 3.09E+00
1.62E-05 1.97E-10 1.97E-10 3.81E-07 3.81E-07 1.54E+04
8.13E-06 4.98E-11 4.98E-11 4.96E-08 4.96E-08 3.08E+04
5.50E-06 2.33E-11 2.33E-11 1.73E-08 1.73E-08 4.55E+04
4.27E-06 1.48E-11 1.48E-11 1.02E-08 1.02E-08 5.85E+04
3.65E-06 1.16E-11 1.16E-11 8.25E-09 8.25E-09 6.85E+04
3.35E-06 1.04E-11 1.04E-11 7.72E-09 7.72E-09 7.47E+04
3.22E-06 1.01E-11 1.01E-11 7.61E-09 7.61E-09 7.76E+04
3.18E-06 1.00E-11 1.00E-11 7.60E-09 7.60E-09 7.86E+04
3.17E-06 1.00E-11 1.00E-11 7.60E-09 7.60E-09 7.88E+04
3.17E-06 1.00E-11 1.00E-11 7.59E-09 7.59E-09 7.89E+04
3.17E-06 1.00E-11 1.00E-11 7.58E-09 7.58E-09 7.89E+04
1.33E-01 1.32E-02 1.32E-02 1.27E+05 1.27E+05 1.88E+00
2.65E-05 5.28E-10 5.28E-10 1.02E-06 1.02E-06 9.42E+03
1.33E-05 1.33E-10 1.33E-10 1.32E-07 1.32E-07 1.88E+04
8.97E-06 6.17E-11 6.17E-11 4.46E-08 4.46E-08 2.79E+04
6.92E-06 3.83E-11 3.83E-11 2.50E-08 2.50E-08 3.61E+04
5.84E-06 2.90E-11 2.90E-11 1.92E-08 1.92E-08 4.28E+04
5.28E-06 2.54E-11 2.54E-11 1.75E-08 1.75E-08 4.73E+04
5.02E-06 2.41E-11 2.41E-11 1.70E-08 1.70E-08 4.98E+04
4.92E-06 2.38E-11 2.38E-11 1.70E-08 1.70E-08 5.08E+04
4.89E-06 2.38E-11 2.38E-11 1.69E-08 1.69E-08 5.11E+04
4.88E-06 2.38E-11 2.38E-11 1.69E-08 1.69E-08 5.12E+04
4.88E-06 2.38E-11 2.38E-11 1.69E-08 1.69E-08 5.12E+04
2.30E-01 3.96E-02 3.96E-02 3.82E+05 3.82E+05 1.09E+00
4.59E-05 1.58E-09 1.58E-09 3.06E-06 3.06E-06 5.44E+03
2.30E-05 3.99E-10 3.99E-10 3.92E-07 3.92E-07 1.09E+04
1.55E-05 1.83E-10 1.83E-10 1.29E-07 1.29E-07 1.62E+04
1.19E-05 1.11E-10 1.11E-10 6.85E-08 6.85E-08 2.11E+04
9.91E-06 8.16E-11 8.16E-11 4.99E-08 4.99E-08 2.52E+04
8.83E-06 6.91E-11 6.91E-11 4.37E-08 4.37E-08 2.83E+04
8.27E-06 6.41E-11 6.41E-11 4.18E-08 4.18E-08 3.02E+04
8.02E-06 6.25E-11 6.25E-11 4.14E-08 4.14E-08 3.12E+04
7.92E-06 6.22E-11 6.22E-11 4.14E-08 4.14E-08 3.16E+04
7.90E-06 6.23E-11 6.23E-11 4.13E-08 4.13E-08 3.17E+04
7.89E-06 6.23E-11 6.23E-11 4.13E-08 4.13E-08 3.17E+04
5.39E-01 2.18E-01 2.18E-01 2.10E+06 2.10E+06 4.63E-01
1.08E-04 8.73E-09 8.73E-09 1.68E-05 1.68E-05 2.32E+03
5.40E-05 2.19E-09 2.19E-09 2.14E-06 2.14E-06 4.63E+03
3.62E-05 9.94E-10 9.94E-10 6.80E-07 6.80E-07 6.90E+03
2.76E-05 5.89E-10 5.89E-10 3.38E-07 3.38E-07 9.07E+03
2.27E-05 4.16E-10 4.16E-10 2.27E-07 2.27E-07 1.10E+04
1.98E-05 3.36E-10 3.36E-10 1.87E-07 1.87E-07 1.26E+04
1.82E-05 2.99E-10 2.99E-10 1.72E-07 1.72E-07 1.37E+04
1.73E-05 2.83E-10 2.83E-10 1.67E-07 1.67E-07 1.44E+04
1.69E-05 2.78E-10 2.78E-10 1.66E-07 1.66E-07 1.48E+04
1.67E-05 2.77E-10 2.77E-10 1.66E-07 1.66E-07 1.50E+04
1.67E-05 2.77E-10 2.77E-10 1.65E-07 1.65E-07 1.50E+04
E+06 2; 1300000 2; 1300000

E+06
βmín.

E+06 Ligações pregadas


x y
E+06 5 0
5 1300000
E+05

E+05

E+05

E+05

E+05

E+05

E+05

E+05

E+05

E+00
0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5

β = t/d
d = 75 mm d = 50 mm d = 44 mm
d = 38 mm d = 31 mm d = 25 mm
d = 22.0 mm d = 19.0 mm d = 16.0 mm
d = 12.5 mm d = 9.5 mm d = 6.2 mm
Ligações parafusadas Ligações pregadas