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MS 327 : PART 2 : 1997

MALAYSIAN MS 544 : PART 4 :


SECTION 1 : 2001
STANDARD
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CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRUCTURAL USE


OF TIMBER :
PART 4 : TIMBER PANEL PRODUCTS :
SECTION 1 : STRUCTURAL PLYWOOD

ICS : 91.080.20

Descriptors : panel products, structural plywood, strength of plywood, structural plywood application,
structural plywood durability, structural plywood grade and structural plywood properties.

© Copyright

DEPARTMENT OF STANDARDS MALAYSIA


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MS 327 : PART 2 : 1997
DEVELOPMENT OF MALAYSIAN STANDARDS
The Department of Standards Malaysia (DSM) is the national standardisation
and accreditation body.

The main function of the Department is to foster and promote standards,


standardisation and accreditation as a means of advancing the national
economy, promoting industrial efficiency and development, benefiting the health
and safety of the public, protecting the consumers, facilitating domestic and
international trade and furthering international cooperation in relation to standards
and standardisation.
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Malaysian Standards are developed through consensus by committees which


comprise of balanced representation of producers, users, consumers and others
with relevant interests, as may be appropriate to the subject in hand. These
standards where appropriate are adoption of international standards. Approval of
a standard as a Malaysian Standard is governed by the Standards of Malaysia
Act 1996 (Act 549). Malaysian Standards are reviewed periodically. The use of
Malaysian Standards is voluntary except in so far as they are made mandatory by
regulatory authorities by means of regulations, local by-laws or any other similar
ways.

The Department of Standards appoints SIRIM Berhad as the agent to develop


Malaysian Standards. The Department also appoints SIRIM Berhad as the agent
for distribution and sale of Malaysian Standards.

For further information on Malaysian Standards, please contact:

Department of Standards Malaysia OR SIRIM Berhad


Tingkat 21, Wisma MPSA 1, Persiaran Dato' Menteri
Persiaran Perbandaran P.O. Box 7035, Section 2
40675 Shah Alam 40911 Shah Alam
Selangor D.E. Selangor D.E.

Tel: 60 3 5519 8033 Tel: 60 3 5544 6000


Fax: 60 3 5519 2497 Fax: 60 3 5510 8095
http://www.dsm.gov.my http://www.sirim.my

Email: central@dsm.gov.my

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

CONTENTS

Page

Committee representation.……………………………………………………………………… iii

Foreword…………………………………………………………………………………………. v

1 Scope…………………………………………………………………………………… 1

2 Referenced documents………………………………………………………………… 1
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3 Definitions………………………………………………………………………………… 1

4 Applications……………………………………………………………………………… 2

5 Durability…………………………………………………………………………………. 2

6 Dimensions and section properties…………………………………………………… 3

7 Panel grades……………………………………………………………………………. 6

8 Strength properties……………………………………………………………………… 6

9 Flexural members……………………………………………………………………….. 7

Tables

1 Minimum section properties for MBSG plywood by parallel-ply method


(SANDED) ………………………………………………………………………………. 4

2 Minimum section properties for MBSG plywood by parallel-ply method


(UNSANDED)………………………………………………………………………….. 5

3 Basic unit stresses for standard constructions of MBSG rated plywood


(According to parallel-ply method)……………………………………………………… 7

4 Modification factor K26 by which the grade stresses and moduli for long term
duration and service classes 1 and 2 for plywood should be multiplied to obtain
value for other durations and/or service class 3…………………………………… 7

5 Maximum depth to breath ratios………………………………………………………. 8

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

CONTENTS (continued)

Page

Figures

A1 Plywood in bending……………………………………………………………………… 10

A2 Rolling shear capacity of plywood panel……………………………………………… 12

Appendices
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A Design example using MBSG rated plywood………………………………………… 10

B Bibliography …………………………………………………………………………….. 13

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

Committee representation

The Building and Civil Engineering Industry Standards Committee (ISC D) under whose supervision this Malaysian
Standard was developed, comprises representatives from the following Government Ministries, Trade, Commerce
and Manufacturing Associations, and Scientific and Professional Bodies:

Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia


Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia
Department of Standards Malaysia
Department of Occupational Safety and Health
Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat
Pertubuhan Akitek Malaysia
Master Builders Association Malaysia
Ministry of Housing and Local Government (Housing Department)
Ministry of Works (Public Works Department)
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The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

The preparation of this Malaysian Standard is under the supervision of the following representatives of the CIDB
Standard Committee:

Ir. Mohamed bin Mohd Nuruddin General Manager Technology Development Division
Megat Kamil Azmi bin Megat Rus Kamarani Senior Manager Standard and Quality Unit
Puan Zainora bt Zainal Manager Standard and Quality Unit
Puan Hanishahani Othman The Secretary of CIDB Standard Committee

The Technical Committee on Structural Use of Timber which developed this Malaysian Standard consists of the
following representatives:

Dr. Abdul Rashid bin Hj. Ab. Malik (Chairman) Forest Research Institute Malaysia

Puan Hanishahani Othman (Secretary) Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia

Tuan Hj. Mohd Shukari bin Midon Forest Research Institute Malaysia

Encik Hilmi bin Md. Tahir Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia

Encik Chow Wah/Puan Dang Anom Md. Zin Jabatan Perumahan Negara

Prof. Madya Dr. Sabaruddin bin Mohd. Universiti Sains Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Zainai bin Mohamed/


Dr. Abd. Latif bin Saleh Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Prof. Madya Ir. Dr. Mohd Zamin bin Jumaat Universiti Malaya

Dr. Mohd Ariff bin Jamaludin Universiti Putra Malaysia

Encik Nor Zamri bin Mat Amin Malaysian Timber Industry Board

Ir. Yap Chin Tian Timber Trade Federation Malaysia

Tuan Hj. Wahab bin Abdul Razak. General Lumber Fabricators and Builders Bhd

Dr. Peter Kho C. Seng Sarawak Timber Association

Encik Lall Singh Gill Malaysian Wood Moulding and Joinery Council

Encik Mohamad Omar bin Mohamad Khaidzir Forest Research Institute Malaysia

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

Committee representation (continued)

The Working Group on Timber Panel Products which developed this Malaysian Standard consists of the following
representatives:

Mr. Brian Hopkins (Chairman) Malaysian Panel Products Manufacture’s Association (CHG
Industries Sdn. Bhd.)

Puan Hanishahani bte.Othman (Secretary) Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia

Dr. Paridah Md. Tahir Universiti Putra Malaysia

Dr. Mohd. Ariff bin Jamaludin Universiti Putra Malaysia

Encik Mohamad Omar bin Mohamad Khaidzir Forest Research Institute Malaysia
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Encik Mohd. Nor Zamri bin Mat Amin/


Encik Mohd Adawi bin Ton Omar Malaysian Timber Industry Board

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

FOREWORD

This Malaysian Standard was developed by the Technical Committee on Structural Use of
Timber established at the Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) under
the authority of the Building and Civil Engineering Industry Standards Committee.

CIDB is the Standards-Writing Organisation (SWO) appointed by SIRIM Berhad to develop


standards for the construction industry.

This standard is referred to BS 5268 : Part 2 : 1996, ‘Structural use of timber code of practice
for permissible stress design, materials and workmanship’.
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MS 544 consists of the following parts and sections, under the general title, ‘Code of practice
for structural use of timber’ :

Part 1 : General

Part 2 : Permissible stress design of solid timber

Part 3 : Permissible stress design of glued laminated timber

Part 4 : Timber panel products


Section 1 : Structural plywood
Section 2 : Marine plywood
Section 3 : Cement bonded particleboard
Section 4 : Oriented strand board

Part 5 : Timber joints

Part 6 : Workmanship, inspection and maintenance

Part 7 : Testing

Part 8 : Design, fabrication and installation of prefabricated timber for roof trusses

Part 9 : Fire resistance of timber structures


Section 1 : Method of calculating fire resistance of timber members.

Part 10 : Preservative treatment of structural timbers

Part 11 : Recommendation for the calculation basis for span tables


Section 1 : Domestic floor joists
Section 2 : Ceiling joists
Section 3 : Ceiling binders
Section 4 : Domestic rafters

Part 12 : Laminated veneer lumber for structural application.

Compliance with a Malaysian Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal
obligations.

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRUCTURAL USE OF TIMBER :


PART 4 : TIMBER PANEL PRODUCTS :
SECTION 1 : STRUCTURAL PLYWOOD

1. Scope

This section gives recommendations for the use of sanded and unsanded structural
plywoods, in balanced construction, manufactured in accordance with The Standard Product
Manual for the Production of Malaysian Basic Structural Grade (MBSG) Rated Plywood,
Timber Technology Bulletin, No.1, August 1995, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM).

When plywoods are intended for structural use, only plywoods that are MBSG rated or
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equivalent to MBSG rated or better than MBSG rated shall be specified. Reference should
also be made to the panel grade and the surface finish, i.e. Sanded or Unsanded.

2. Referenced documents

The following referenced documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text,
constitute provision of this Malaysian Standard. For dated references, where there are
subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications the Malaysian Standard
shall be amended or revised accordingly. For undated references, the latest edition of the
publication referred apply.

The Standard Product Manual for the Production of Malaysian Basic Structural Grade
(MBSG) Rated Plywood, Timber Technology Bulletin, No. 1, August 1995, FRIM

BS 6566 : Part 6 : 1985 Plywood

BS 6399 : Part 1 : 1984 Code of practice for dead and imposed load

BS 6399 : Part 2 : 1984 Code of practice for wind loads

MS 544 : Part 4 : Section 2 Code of practice for structural use of timber : Part 4 : Timber
panel products : Section 2 : Marine plywood

3. Definitions
3.1 Panel

Panel is a flat and rectangular shaped material having thickness much less in proportion than
either the width or length.
NOTE. Panel can be used either in horizontal or vertical position.

3.2 Structural panel

Structural panel is a panel that is made having consistent and defined strength properties to
resist externally exerted load.

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

NOTE. Structural panel should be able to carry part of the load experienced by the structural frame such that
removal of it from the structural frame will weaken the structure whereas removal of non-structural panel will not
influence the integrity or the overall strength of the structural frame.

3.3 Structural plywood

Structural plywood is defined as plywood that is made under controlled conditions as


compared to normal plywood to achieve consistent and defined strength to resist externally
exerted load.

3.4 Malaysian Basic Structural Grade (MBSG) plywood

MBSG rated plywoods are plywoods that are produced in accordance with the Standard
Product Manual for the Production of Malaysian Basic Structural Grade (MBSG) rated
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plywood.

4. Applications
MBSG rated plywoods are considered as plywoods with basic and minimum level of strength
adequate to provide structural capacity for normal construction. Use of plywoods made
according to other standards are also acceptable provided that there is an official declaration
that the strength capacities are proven to be equivalent or better that MBSG rated plywoods.

Any MBSG rated plywood panel shall be considered to possess the strength and section
properties as stipulated herein. There is only a single MBSG rated plywood strength grade
and three appearance grades also known as panel grades. There is only a single bond type
i.e. Exterior Grade bond for MBSG rated plywood.

The strength and stiffness values are expressed in terms of parallel-ply section stress. This
expression is based upon the parallel-ply theorem that states only the veneer plies acting in
parallel to the applied force or bending span shall provide the strength and stiffness. The
strength capacity and stiffness values for a particular plywood in a particular direction of the
plies, either parallel or perpendicular to the face grain, are therefore obtained by multiplying
the section stress and modulus of elasticity by the appropriate section property in that
direction.

5. Durability
Although the MBSG rated plywood is made using exterior type adhesive to achieve the
Exterior Grade, this does not necessarily mean that it is suitable for use in damp or wet
exposure conditions for long periods. Since the plies for MBSG rated plywood are inevitably,
a mixture of durable, moderately durable and non-durable species, the prolong exposure to
extremely wet condition would be detrimental, therefore appropriate engineering judgement
needs to be considered (see MS 544 : Part 4 : Section 2 : Marine plywood).

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

6. Dimensions and section properties

The section properties of MBSG rated plywood are given in Table 1 (for sanded) and Table 2
(for unsanded). They are based on the minimum thickness of the individual veneers and
panel as permitted by the Standard Product Manual for the Production of Malaysian Basic
Structural Grade (MBSG) rated plywood. These properties are applicable for both dry and
wet conditions.
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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001
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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001


Table 1. Minimum section properties for MBSG plywood
by parallel-ply method (SANDED)

For 1 metre width Approximate mass


Nominal Net Min. no of per unit area
panel panel plies Plies perpendicular to face grain Plies parallel to face grain kg/m 2
thickness thickness Area Moment of Section Area Moment of Section
(mm) (mm) mm2/m Inertia modulus mm2/m Inertia modulus
mm4/m mm3/m mm4/m mm3/m
4 3.6 3 800 43 107 1200 2740 1520 2.4
6 5.4 3 1200 144 240 1200 6950 2570 3.6
8 7.4 5 2200 4850 2420 3200 14600 3940 4.9
9 8.3 5 2600 7020 3120 3700 19100 4610 5.5
10 9.3 5 3000 10300 4030 4100 24800 5330 6.2
4

12 11.2 5 3400 16500 5510 4800 37600 6720 7.4


15 14.2 5 4600 36800 9440 6000 64700 9120 9.4
16 15.1 7 4500 53800 10900 6400 105000 14000 10.0
18 17.1 7 5500 82800 14600 7200 146000 17000 11.4
20 19.0 9 6000 127000 18400 9200 152000 16000 12.6
21 20.0 9 6320 148000 20400 9600 176000 17700 13.3
22 20.9 9 6640 171000 22500 10000 204000 19500 13.9
24 22.9 9 7280 224000 26900 10800 267000 23300 15.2
25 23.9 9 7600 254000 29300 11200 303000 25400 15.9
28 26.8 9 8560 361000 37000 12400 429000 32100 17.8

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001
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Table 2. Minimum section properties for MBSG plywood


by parallel-ply method (UNSANDED)

For 1 metre width


Nominal Net Min. no of Approximate mass
panel panel plies per unit area
thickness thickness Plies perpendicular to face grain Plies parallel to face grain kg/m 2

Area Moment of Section Area Moment of Section


(mm) (mm) mm2/m Inertia modulus mm2/m Inertia modulus
mm4/m mm3/m mm4/m mm3/m
4 3.6 3 800 43 107 1200 2740 1520 2.4
6 5.5 3 1300 183 282 1200 7240 2630 3.7
8 7.5 5 2400 5330 3600 3300 15100 4020 5.0
9 8.4 5 2600 7450 3240 3600 19400 4630 5.6

MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001


10 9.4 5 3000 10800 4170 4000 25100 5340 6.2
5

12 11.3 5 3600 17600 5780 4900 38600 6830 7.5


15 14.3 5 4600 38100 9640 6100 66100 9250 9.5
16 15.2 7 4800 57500 11500 6400 108000 14200 10.1
18 17.2 7 5400 84400 14800 7200 149000 17300 11.4
20 19.1 9 6100 131000 18800 9200 153000 16000 12.7
21 20.1 9 6420 152000 20800 9600 178000 17700 13.4
22 21.0 9 6740 176000 22900 10000 206000 19500 13.9
24 23.0 9 7380 230000 27400 10800 269000 23400 15.3
25 24.0 9 7700 260000 29800 11200 305000 25500 15.9
28 26.9 9 8660 368000 37600 12400 432000 32200 17.9

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

7. Panel grades

The panel grades are the quality of appearance of the face and the back of the plywood. The
choice of the panel grade to be used depends upon suitability of usage. Normally, plywoods
for structural applications are chosen for the strength rather than the beauty. But when
aesthetic features of the plywood grain are to be considered of importance, for example load
bearing wall paneling which is to be exposed to view, a higher appearance grade should be
considered. Nevertheless the strength and stiffness capacities are considered to be equal for
all the panel grades.

The ranking for the veneer qualities are as follows:

High Grade B These grades are to be assessed


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Medium Grade BB according to BS 6566 : Part. 6 : 1985.


Low Grade C

Based upon the veneer qualities, the panel grades are designated as follows:

Grade B/BB Appearance


Grade B/C Grade

Grade BB/C Non appearance grade (e.g. Shuttering board,


Grade C/C container flooring etc.)

8. Strength properties

The strength of plywood depends mainly on the:

a) the total panel thickness;

b) minimum quality of veneers used in the lay-up;

c) the thickness and configuration of the individual plies; and

d) the type of adhesive and bond performance.

Plywood made according to the specifications laid in The Standard Product Manual for the
Production of Malaysian Basic Structural Grade (MBSG) Rated Plywood, Timber Technology
Bulletin, No. 1, August 1995, published by FRIM shall be deemed to possess the basic unit
stresses as tabulated in Table 3.

These values should be used in conjunction with the corresponding section properties of
Tables 1 and 2, and they are applicable to long term loading in the service classes 1 and 2.

For other durations of load and/or service class 3 (wet condition), the stresses and moduli
should be multiplied by the modification factor K26 given in Table 4.

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

Table 3. Basic unit stresses for standard constructions of MBSG rated plywood
(According to parallel-ply method)
N/mm2

Type of stress Basic unit stresses (Either in parallel or perpendicular


to face grain)

Extreme fibre in bending 24.0


Tension 24.0
Compression 18.0
Panel shear (shear-through-thickness) 1.6
Rolling shear (shear–in plane-of plies) 0.48
Modulus of elasticity 16000
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Table 4. Modification factor K26 by which the grade stresses and moduli for long term
duration and service classes 1 and 2 for plywood should be multiplied to obtain value
for other durations and/or service class 3

Modification factor K26


Duration of loading
Service classes 1 and 2 Service class 3
Stress Modulus Stress Modulus
Long term 1.00 1.00 0.83 0.57
Medium term 1.33 1.54 1.08 1.06
Short and very short term 1.50 2.00 1.17 1.43

NOTES:

1. For uniformly distributed imposed floor loads K26 = 1 except for type 2 and type 3 buildings in Table 4.5 of BS
6399 Part 1 : 1984 where, for corridor, hallways, landings and stairways only, K26 may be assumed to be short
term.

2. For wind, short term category applies to class C (15s gust) as defined in the CP3 : Chapter V : Part 2 or where
the largest diagonal dimension of the loaded area a , as defined in BS 6399 : Part 2 exceeds 50 m.

3. For wind, short term category applies to class A and B (3s or 5s gust) as defined in the CP3 : Chapter V : Part 2
or where the largest diagonal dimension of the loaded area a , as defined in BS 6399 : Part 2 does not exceed 50
m.

9. Flexural members

The permissible stresses for plywood in flexural members are governed by the particular
conditions of service and loading given in Table 4.

Only the plies parallel to the direction of the force (or span for bending) should be assumed to
act with stresses in tension, compression, bending and panel shear.

The bending stress and modulus given in Table 3 apply when the bending is about either of
the axes in the plane of the board. When bending is about the axis perpendicular to the plane
of the board (i.e. with the edge loaded; as in a built-in Ι-beam) the tensile and compressive
stresses induced by the bending moment should be considered individually, and the tension
and compression stresses and moduli of the appropriate section properties of face grain
orientation should be used.
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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

The deflection of box beams and Ι-beams due to bending should be calculated using the
section properties of the plywood and timber. The shear deflection of a beam may be
significant, and should be taken into account. Due to the testing method, the values of
modulus of elasticity in bending given in Table 3 includes the effect of shear. When
considering lateral stability reference should also be made to 9.1 and 9.2.

9.1 Lateral support

The depth to breadth ratio of laminated beams of rectangular section should be checked to
ensure that there is no risk of buckling under design load. Alternatively, the recommendations
of Table 5 should be followed.

Table 5. Maximum depth to breadth ratios


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Degree of lateral support Maximum depth to breadth ratio

No lateral support 2

Ends held in position 3

Ends held in position and member held in line, as by purlins or tie rods, at 4
centres not more than 30 times breadth of the member.

Ends held in position and compression edge held in line, as by direct 5


connection of sheathing, deck or joists

Ends held in position and compression edge held in line, as by direct 6


connection of sheathing, deck or joists, together with adequate bridging or
blocking spaced at intervals not exceeding six times the depth

Ends held in position and both edges held firmly in line 7

9.2 Built-up beams

Built-up beams should be checked to ensure that there is no risk of buckling under design
load.

In built-up members with thin webs, web stiffeners should be provided to ensure the strength
and stability of the members at all points of concentrated load, or elsewhere as necessary.

The lateral stability should be determined by calculation, or by consideration of the


compression flange as a column which tends to deflect sideways between points of lateral
support, or in accordance with one of the following:

a) if the ratio of the second moment of area of the cross-section about the neutral axis to
the second moment of area about the axis perpendicular to the neutral axis does not
exceed 5 to 1, no lateral support is required;

b) if the ratio of the second moment of area is between 5 to 1 and 10 to 1, the ends of
the beam should be held in position at the bottom flange at the supports;

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

c) if the ratio of the second moments of area is between 10 to 1 and 20 to 1, the beam
should be held in line at the ends;

d) if the ratio of the second moments of area is between 20 to 1 and 30 to 1, one edge
should be held in line;

e) if the ratio of the second moments of area is between 30 to 1 and 40 to 1, the beam
should be restrained by bridging or other bracing at intervals of not more than 2.4 m;
and

f) if the ratio of the second moments of area is greater than 40 to 1, the compression
flanges should be fully restrained.
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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

Appendix A

Design example using MBSG rated plywood

The following example is meant to show the basic concept in utilising the section properties
and strength properties of MBSG rated plywood. The calculations are based on the
appropriate engineering formulas, and to simplify the portrayal of the concept, no other
related coefficients found in this manual are used, except for the factor of safety that is
multiplied to the parameters. In actual design all the other coefficients such as load duration
and service class factors should be considered.
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Uniformly Distributed Load = 4 kN/ m2

610 mm 1220 mm

2440 mm

Figure A1. Plywood in bending

2
Uniformly Distributed Load, w = 4 kN/m
2
= 4 kN/m x 1.220 m
(multiply by width to get per unit length)
= 4.880 kN /m

For simplicity, assume plywood panel as being simply supported between runners of distance
610 mm centre to centre.

Span (parallel to face grain), L = 610 mm


2
Moment imposed on plywood, M = wL / 8
2
= 4.880 kN/m x (0.610 m ) / 8
= 0.227 kN.m

Bending stress imposed on plywood, σimposed = M / Z (Z = section modulus of plywood)

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

Resistance provided by plywood is the bending strength of plywood, i.e. Extreme fiber in
bending,
σresist = 24.0 N / mm2
(from Table 3 of basic unit stresses)

For safety,
σresist > σimposed x factor of safety

Take factor of safety = 1.5.

To get the required plywood size;

σresist = σimposed x factor of safety


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= M / Z x factor of safety
2 6
24.0 N / mm = ( 0.227 x 10 N.mm / Z ) x 1.5
6 2
The required section modulus , Z = ( 0.227 x 10 N.mm x 1.5 ) / 24.0 N / mm
3
= 14187.5 mm

Divide by the plywood width to get section modulus per metre width;
3
Z = 14187.5 mm / 1.220 m
3
= 11629 mm / m

Refer to the Table 2 of minimum section properties for MBSG plywood, choose unsanded for
this example. Since the face grain is parallel to the span, look under the column that says
plies parallel to face grain. Under the column of section modulus, select the appropriate value.
3
The minimum section modulus needed is Z = 11629 mm /m, therefore choose plywood of
3
nominal thickness 16 mm which has a section modulus of 14200 mm /m.

Next, check the shear performance of the selected plywood panel. There are two types of
shear capacities for plywood 1) panel shear 2) rolling shear. Panel shear is also called as
shear-through-the-thickness, and this value is used in situations whereby the plane of the
load force is perpendicular to the plane of the plywood panel. Rolling shear is also called as
shear-in-plane-of-the-plies, and this value is used in situations whereby the plane of the load
force is parallel to the plane of the plywood panel. But, in the case of plywood in bending,
even though the direction or plane of force is perpendicular to the plane of the plywood there
exist a shearing force that acts along the plane of the plywood and the force is parallel to the
span. The curving of the panel due to the bending will tend to cause plies above the neutral
axis to be in compression while the plies below the neutral axis to be in tension. Due to these
opposite forces, there will be a force parallel to the panel, which is also parallel to the span,
that will cause the fibres that are perpendicular to the span to 'roll' like drinking straws being
rolled on a flat surface. Therefore, for bending situation the rolling shear capacity of the
plywood panel shall be checked.

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

2
4kN/m

610 mm

A B
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Figure A2. Rolling shear capacity for plywood panel

2
Vertical load, F = 4 kN/m x 0.610 m x 1.220 m = 2.98 kN
Vertical reaction at A, FA = F / 2 = 2.98/2 = 1.49 kN
Rolling shear area, A = span x width of panel
= 610 mm x 1220 mm
2
= 744200 mm

Rolling shear stress imposed on panel, τimposed = (3/2) (FA/A)


2
= (3/2) (1.49 kN/744200 mm ) (1000 N/kN)
2
= 0.003 N/mm

For safety,
τresist > τimposed x factor of safety,

whereby
τresist is the basic unit stress in rolling shear (Table 3).
2 2
0.48 N/mm > 0.003 x 1.5 N/mm , therefore it is safe.

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MS 544 : PART 4 : SECTION 1 : 2001

Appendix B

Bibliography

B1. BS 5268 : Part 2 : 1996 Section Four, Plywood.

B2. AS/NZS 2269 : 1994 Plywood structural.

B3. AS 1720-1975 SAA Timber engineering code.

B4. BS 6566 : Part 1-8 : 1985 Plywood.


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B5. BS 1088 : 1966 Plywood for marine craft.

B6. MS 228 : 1991 Specification for plywood.

B7. CP3, Chapter V, Part 2 : 1972 Wind loads.

B8. BS 6399 : Part 1 : 1984 Code of practice for dead and imposed load.

B9. BS 6399 : Part 2 : 1984 Code of practice for wind loads.

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