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Cardinal Numbers

Nomor Untuk Menyatakan Jumlah


 Cardinal numbers: angka yang digunakan untuk menyatakan jumlah.
 Cardinal Numbers:

1 one 11 eleven 21 twenty-one 31 thirty-one 41 forty-one


2 two 12 twelve 22 twenty-two 32 thirty-two 42 forty-two
3 three 13 thirteen 23 twenty-three 33 thirty-three 43 forty-three
4 four 14 fourteen 24 twenty-four 34 thirty-four 44 forty-four
5 five 15 fifteen 25 twenty-five 35 thirty-five 45 forty-five
6 six 16 sixteen 26 twenty-six 36 thirty-six 46 forty-six
7 seven 17 seventeen 27 twenty-seven 37 thirty-seven 47 forty-seven
8 eight 18 eighteen 28 twenty-eight 38 thirty-eight 48 forty-eight
9 nine 19 nineteen 29 twenty-nine 39 thirty-nine 49 forty-nine
10 ten 20 twenty 30 thirty 40 forty 50 fifty
51 fifty-one 61 sixty-one 71 seventy-one 81 eighty-one 91 ninety-one
52 fifty-two 62 sixty-two 72 seventy-two 82 eighty-two 92 ninety-two
53 fifty-three 63 sixty-three 73 seventy-three 83 eighty-three 93 ninety-three
54 fifty-four 64 sixty-four 74 seventy-four 84 eighty-four 94 ninety-four
55 fifty-five 65 sixty-five 75 seventy-five 85 eighty-five 95 ninety-five
56 fifty-six 66 sixty-six 76 seventy-six 86 eighty-six 96 ninety-six
57 fifty-seven 67 sixty-seven 77 seventy-seven 87 eighty-seven 97 ninety-seven
58 fifty-eight 68 sixty-eight 78 seventy-eight 88 eighty-eight 98 ninety-eight
59 fifty-nine 69 sixty-nine 79 seventy-nine 89 eighty-nine 99 ninety-nine
60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 ninety 100 one hundred

200 two hundred 2000 two thousand 20,000 twenty thousand


300 three hundred 3000 three thousand 30,000 thirty thousand
400 four hundred 4000 four thousand 40,000 forty thousand
500 five hundred 5000 five thousand 50,000 fifty thousand
600 six hundred 6000 six thousand 60,000 sixty thousand
700 seven hundred 7000 seven thousand 70,000 seventy thousand
800 eight hundred 8000 eight thousand 80,000 eightt thousand
900 nine hundred 9000 nine thousand 90,000 ninety thousand
1,000 one thousand 10000 ten thousand 100000 one hundred thousand

200,000 two hundred thousand 2,000,000 two million 20,000,000 twenty


million
300,000 three hundred thousand 3,000,000 three million 30,000,000 thirty
million
400,000 four hundred thousand 4,000,000 four million 40,000,000 forty million
500,000 five hundred thousand 5,000,000 five million 50,000,000 fifty million
600,000 six hundred thousand 6,000,000 six million 60,000,000 sixty million
700,000 seven hundred thousand 7,000,000 seven million 70,000,000 seventy
million
800,000 eight hundred thousand 8,000,000 eight million 80,000,000 eighty
million
900,000 nine hundred thousand 9,000,000 nine million 90,000,000 ninety
million
1,000,000 one million 10,000,000 ten million 100,000,000 one hundred
million

200,000,000 two hundred million


300,000,000 three hundred million
400,000,000 four hundred million
500,000,000 five hundred million
600,000,000 six hundred million
700,000,000 seven hundred million
800,000,000 eight hundred million
900,000,000 nine hundred million
1,000,000,000 one milliard = one billion

 Untuk menuliskan angka di atas 20 dengan huruf, tanda hyphen (-) digunakan untuk
memisahkan antara puluhan dengan satuan.

Contoh :

23: twenty-three
35: thirty-five

 Contoh membaca angka:

101: one hundred and one

110: one hundred and ten

175: one hundred and seventy-five

256: two hundred and fifty-five

1237: one thousand two hundred and thirty-seven

4598: four thousand five hundred and ninety eight

 Dalam British English (BrE), kata and untuk memisahkan antara ratusan dengan puluhan
atau satuan selalu digunakan. Kata and diucapkan /n/ dan stress-nya terletak pada angka
terakhir. Dalam American English (AmE), kata and sering dihilangkan.

Contoh:

234 (BrE): two hundred and thirty-four (dalam pengucapan, stress terletak pada kata
four)

234 (AmE): two hundred thirty-four

 Tanda baca : Untuk menulis angka yang besar, ribuan dipisahkan dengan spasi (BrE) atau
tanda koma.

Contoh:

1,235,750 = 1 235 750

2,491,952 = 2 491 952

 Tanda baca : Terbalik dengan sistem penulisan angka decimal dalam bahasa Indonesia,
dalam bahasa Inggris pemisah antar ribuan menggunakan tanda koma, sedang tanda titik
digunakan untuk memisahkan pecahan.

Contoh:

Bahasa Indonesia Dibaca Bahasa Inggris Dibaca


750.000.00 tujuh ratus lima puluh ribu 750,000.00 seven
hundred and
fifty thousand
55.000,00 lima puluh lima ribu 55,000.00 fifty-five
thousand

 Cardinal numbers diantaranya digunakan untuk menyatakan harga (price) --> mata uang
(currency)

Contoh:

US $1,945,000.00 : one thousand nine hundred and forty-five thousand dollars

It costs Rp. 235.000,00. = It costs two hundred and thirty-five thousand rupiahs.

It cost US $235,000.00 = It costs two hundred and thirty-five thousand US dollars.

It is $235 = It is two hundred thirty-five dollars.

 Cardinal numbers juga bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan:

a. waktu (time):

Contoh :

We left at 02:35 PM: We left at two twenty-five. = We left at twenty-five to three.

(To know more, click How to Tell the Time in English)

b. mengeja nomor telpun (telephone number)

310516 : three one oh five one six

081578136323: oh eight one five seven eight one three six three two three
Number Format

Sistim Penulisan Angka


 Sistim penulisan angka digunakan dalam menulis angka secara umum, mata uang,
tanggal, waktu/ jam, persen, pecahan
 Sistim penulisan angka dalam bahasa Inggris ada yang berbeda dan ada yang sama
dengan bahasa Inggris

No Digunakan Tentang Bahasa Bahasa Inggris Contoh dalam Contoh dalam


untuk Indonesia Bahasa Bahasa
Indonesia Inggris
1 general Pemisah ribuan Tanda Tanda koma: 750.000 750,000
(angka titik:
secara
umum)
Pemisah angka Tanda Tanda titik 72,50 72.50
pecahan dalam koma
sistem desimal
2 Currency Pemisah ribuan Tanda titik Tanda koma Rp.50.000,00 Mata uang
(mata Amerika
uang) atau Serikat:

50.000,00 IDR $50,000.00


(mata uang
Indonesia atau
menggunakan
sistem bahasa 50,000.00
Inggris) USD

keterangan:
IDR =
Indonesian Mata uang
Rupiah Inggris:

£50,000.00

50,000.00
GBP

Keterangan:
USD =
United States
Dollar

GBP = Great
Britain
Poundsterling
Pemisah angka Tanda Tanda titik Rp.50.000,00 Mata uang
pecahan dalam koma Amerika
sistem desimal atau Serikat:

50.000,00 IDR $50,000.00

atau

50,000.00
USD

Mata uang
Inggris:

£50,000.00

50,000.00
GBP
3 Date urutan Umumnya: British English: - British
(tanggal) tanggal- English:
bulan- tanggal-bulan-
tahun tahun 31 December
2010 = 31st
December
2010

31 Dec 2010

31/12/2010

31/12/10
American - American
English: English:

bulan/tanggal/tahun December 31,


2010
Dec 31, 2010

12/31/2010

12/31/10
4 Time Urutan Jam.menit Jam:menit:detik 13.37 13:37
(waktu-
jam) 01.37 13:37:46

07.00 01:37 PM

12.00 07:00 AM

12:00 AM
5 Percent pemisah angka Tanda Tanda titik 12,95% 12.95%
(persen) pecahan dalam koma
sistem desimal 13% 13%

6 Fraction 1234 1/8 1234 1/8


(pecahan)

Cara membaca/ menyebutkan angka:

No Digunakan Untuk Bahasa Cara Membaca : Bahasa Cara Membaca:


Indonesia: bahasa Inggris : Bahasa Inggris
Contoh angka Indonesia contoh angka
1 umum (Go to:)
2 mata uang Rp.555.550,00 lma ratus lima IDR  Five hundred
(currency) atau puluh lima ribu 555,550.00 and fifty-five
harga (price) lima ratus lima thousand fifty
puluh rupiah hundred and
fifty rupiahs

 IDR five
hundred and
fifty-five
thousand fifty
hundred and
fifty

keterangan:

IDR = Indonesian
Rupiah
US lima ratus lima $555,550.00 five hundred fifty-
$555.550,00 puluh lima ribu five thousand fifty
lima ratus lima hundred and fifty-
puluh dolar five dollars
Amerika Serikat
(=lima ratus
lima puluh lima
ribu lima ratus
lima puluh US
dolar)
USD USD lima ratus USD USD five hundred
555.550,00 lima puluh lima 555,550.00 fifty-five thousand
ribu lima ratus fifty hundred and
lima puluh fifty

keterangan:

USD = United States


Dollar
Date/ Tanggal 12/31/10 Tiga puluh satu BrE: The thirty-first of
Desember dua December two
ribu sepuluh 31 December thousand ten=
2010 = 31st December the thirty-
December first ten thousand
2010
December December the thirty-
31, 2010 first, two thousand
ten
12/31/2010
4 Year (Tahun) 1825 seribu delapan 1825 eighteen twenty-five
ratus dua puluh
lima
1945 seribu sembilan 1945 nineteen forty-five
ratus empat
puluh lima
1908 seribu sembilan 1908 nineteen-oh-eight
ratus delapan
1700 seribu tujuh 1700 seventeen hundred
ratus
2000 dua ribu 2000 two thousand

2002 dua ribu dua 2002 two thousand two

5 telephone number 087734170045 oh eight seven seven


(nomor telpun) three four one seven
oh oh four five

6 Waktu (Jam)