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Ramu’s Institute Of Spoken English
Ramu’s Institute Of
Spoken English

Book - 10

Prepositions

&

Their Kinds

Written & Edited By D.H. Ramu ( Adoni ) Cell : 9390495239
Written & Edited By
D.H. Ramu ( Adoni )
Cell : 9390495239

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Director D.H. Ramu (Adoni) Printed & Published by : RISE Ramu’s Institute Of Spoken English

Director

D.H. Ramu (Adoni)

Printed & Published by :

RISE Ramu’s Institute Of Spoken English , Opp : Govt.General Hospital, Beside : Apollo Pharmacy ( Medical Stores ), Kurnool - 518002.

Phone: (+91) 9390495239 E-mail: ramuy9845@gmail.com Website : ramuspokenenglish.com

Copy rights are reserved by the Publishers

This is Ramu’s Institute of Spoken English (RISE) classroom study material. No part of this book or any portion thereof may not be reproduced in any form (photocopy, photographs, scanning etc.) The author and Publishers experience and hard work used all sincere efforts with social commitment and the courtesy of many references in preparing this book to reach the students and common people For Franchisee inquiries, you may contact at the given address and telephone numbers. Any unauthorized reproduction of this material will be immediately dealt with legally.

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3

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Prepositions

( $uÛÑøÏÔ Á|ü‘·´j·TeTT\T )

ÇHé

in

English

˝À ( ˝À|ü\ ) ô|’q ( MT<ä ) e<ä› ‘√ #˚‘· ø=s¡≈£î qT+&ç

≈£î ( øÏ )

ô|’øÏ

ÁøÏ+~øÏ

ÁøÏ+<ä

jÓTTø£ÿ

˝À|ü*øÏ

ÄHé

on

n{Ÿ

at

$‘Y

with

u…’

by

|òüsY

for

Á|üyéT

≥T

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Cell Spoken

from

to

up

down

under

of

into

beside

Ramu

n|t

&ÍHé

n+&ÉsY

Ä|òt

ÇHé≥T

_ôd’&é _ôV’≤+&é ÇHé Á|òü+{Ÿ Ä|òt _{ŸMHé n˝≤+>¥ ne÷+>¥ Á‘·÷ Äb˛õ{Ÿ nÁø±dt ìj·TsY bòÕsY Ä|òüºsY _bò˛sY

behind infront of between along among through opposite across near far

Á|üø£ÿq yÓqø£ eTT+<äs¡ eT<Ûä´˝À ì\Te⁄>± ( düø£ÿ>± ) n+<äT˝À ( yê]˝À ) <ë«sê m<äTs¡T>± n&ɶ+>± <ä>∑Zs¡ <ä÷s¡eTT ‘·sê«‘· eTT+<äT ( Ç+‘·≈£î eTT+<äT )

after

before

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MTs¡T #·÷dæq

4
4

H˚s¡TÃ≈£îqï

Ramu : ( 0 ) 9390495239

Á|æb˛õwüHé |ü<ë\qT

]esY‡ π>sY |ü<䛋 <ë«sê Ç+^¢wt ˝À m˝≤ #ÓbÕŒ˝À Ç|ü⁄Œ&ÉT ‘Ó\TdüT≈£î+<ë+

düT\uÛÑyÓTÆq dü÷Á‘·+

]esY‡ dü÷Á‘·+

‘Ó\T>∑T˝À qT+&ç Ç+^¢wt ˝À ]esY‡˝À #Ó|üŒ+&ç

dæìe÷ ˝Àü in Cinema

dæìe÷ ˝Àü

in Cinema

Ramu

R a m u fÒãT˝Ÿ ô|’q on table

fÒãT˝Ÿ ô|’q

on table

s√&ÉT¶≈£î

n&ɶ+>±

across road

across road

Ä|ò”düT

qT+&ç

from office

from office

e÷¬sÿ≥Tº ˝Àü

in

market

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Cell Spoken

{≤ø°düT e<ä›

at talkies

e÷ Ç+{Ï

eTT+<äs¡

in front of our house

˙fi¯fl

ø=s¡≈£î

for

water

English

ã&ç

˝À

in

School

Hêqï ‘√

with father

oqT

yÓqø£

behind Seenu

düeTTÁ<äeTT ÁøÏ+<ä

under

sea

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˝À ( ˝À|ü\ )

in

ô|’øÏ

up

ã&ç˝À ny˚T]ø±˝À dæìe÷˝À s¡÷eTT˝À|ü\ ãT≈£îÿ˝À

in the movie. in America. in the school. in the book. in the room.

ø=+&É #Ó≥Tº Ç+{Ï ô|’øÏ ô|’øÏ ô|’øÏ ≥es¡T >√&É ô|’øÏ ô|’øÏ

up the hill. up the tree. up the house. up the tower. up the wall.

ô|’q ( MT<ä )

on

ÁøÏ+~øÏ

down

Ç+{Ï ô|’q |ü⁄düÔø£eTT #˚‹ fÒãT˝Ÿ ô|’q ô|’q ô|’q {°.M. ô|’q

on the house. on the hand. on the book. on the table. on the T.V.

#Ó≥Tº ø=+&É ÁøÏ+~øÏ ÁøÏ+~øÏ ≥es¡T >√&É Ç+{Ï ÁøÏ+~øÏ ÁøÏ+~øÏ ÁøÏ+~øÏ

down the hill. down the tree. down the house. down the tower. down the wall.

e<ä›

at

ÁøÏ+<ä

under

dæìe÷ d”‘· s¡$ e<ä› e<ä› {≤ø°dt e<ä› {°.M. ãkÕº+&ÉT e<ä› e<ä›

at Ravi.

#Ó≥Tº ÁøÏ+<ä {°.M. Ç+{Ï ÁøÏ+<ä ÁøÏ+<ä |ü⁄düÔø£eTT u…+∫ ÁøÏ+<ä ÁøÏ+<ä

under the tree. under the house. under the T.V. under the bench. under the book.

at the cinema talkies.

at Seeta. at the T.V. at the Bus-stand.

‘√

with

jÓTTø£ÿ

of

e÷ #Ó*¢‘√ Hêqï ‘√ ô|qTï‘√ &ÉãT“‘√ Áù|eT‘√

with my father. with sister.

with the pen.

with money (cash).

with love.

English

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s¡$ jÓTTø£ÿ ≈£îe÷s¡T&ÉT

dü]‘· jÓTTø£ÿ ≈£L‘·Ts¡T

ÁoqT jÓTTø£ÿ ø±s¡T

{°#·s¡T jÓTTø£ÿ ô|qTï

sêE jÓTTø£ÿ Ç\T¢

son of Ravi.

daughter of saritha.

car of Seenu.

Pen of the teacher.

house of Raju.

#˚‘·

by

˝À|ü*øÏ

into

d”‘· s¡$ #˚‘· #˚‘· {°#·s¡T dü]‘· ô|qT #˚‘· #˚‘· #˚‘·

Cell Spoken

Ramu

by Ravi.

by Seeta.

by the pen.

by the teacher.

by Saritha.

Ç+{Ï ˝À|ü*øÏ

ôVA≥˝Ÿ ˝À|ü*øÏ

s¡÷eTT ˝À|ü*øÏ

q~ ˝À|ü*øÏ

u≤$ ˝À|ü*øÏ

into the house.

into the hotel.

into the room.

into the river. into the well.

ø=s¡≈£î

for

yÓqø£

behind

&ÉãTø=s¡≈£î neTà Ç+^¢wt ø=s¡≈£î ø=s¡≈£î dü+‘√wü+ n+<ä] ø=s¡≈£î ø√s¡≈£î

for money. for English. for mother. for all. for happiness.

•e s¡$ yÓqø£ Ç+{Ï yÓqø£ ^‘· u≤$ Ç+{Ï yÓqø£ yÓqø£ yÓqø£

behind Shiva’s house.

behind Ravi. behind Geeta. behind the well. behind the house.

qT+&ç

from

eTT+<äs¡

infront of

e÷¬sÿ≥Tº dæìe÷ ã&ç qT+&ç qT+&ç qT+&ç ny˚T]ø± Ä|ò”düT qT+&ç qT+&ç

from the movie. from the market. from the school. from America. from the office.

s¡$ e÷ eTT+<äs¡ Ç+{Ï eTT+<äs¡ \*‘· e÷ \‘· ã&ç eTT+<äs¡ Ç+{Ï eTT+<äs¡ eTT+<äTs¡

infront of our house. infront of Ravi. infront of Latha.

infront of lalitha’s house.

infront of our school.

≈£î ( øÏ )

to

eT<Ûä´˝À

between

dæìe÷≈£î

to the movie. to the house. to Bangalore. to the circus.

to the Railway station.

s¡$ øÏ oqTøÏ eT<Ûä´˝À ø=+&ÉøÏ ^‘·øÏ \*‘·øÏ q~øÏ eT<Ûä´˝À eT<Ûä´˝À fÒãT˝Ÿ ãT≈£îÿøÏ øÏ ô|qTïøÏ {°.M.øÏ eT<Ûä´˝À eT<Ûä´˝À

between Ravi and Seenu. between Geeta and Laitha. between the hill and the river. between the book and the pen. between the table and the T.V.

u…+>∑fi¯Ss¡T≈£î Ç+{ÏøÏ

¬s’˝Ò«ùdºwüHéøÏ düs¡ÿdüTøÏ

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ì\Te⁄>± ( düø£ÿ>± )

6
6

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along

á s√&ÉT¶≈£î ì\Te⁄>±

á s√&ÉT |ü≥Tºø=ì düø£ÿ>± yÓfi¯fl+&ç

H˚HÓ˝≤ yÓ[‘˚ n˝≤π>

s¡+&ç

along this road

go along this road

Come along with me

n+<äT˝À ( yê]˝À )

among

<ä>∑Zs¡

near

|ü⁄düÔø±\˝À¢ V”≤s√\˝À¢ yê]˝À bÕeTT\˝À¢ dæìe÷\˝À¢

among them. among the books. among the heros. among the snakes. among the movies.

ôVA≥˝Ÿ Ç+{Ï <ä>∑Zs¡ <ä>∑Zs¡ ¬s’˝Ò«ùdºwüqT u…+>∑fi¯Ss¡T dü÷ÿ\T <ä>∑Zs¡ <ä>∑Zs¡ <ä>∑Zs¡

near the house. near the hotel. near tahe school.

near the Railway station.

near Bangalore.

<ë«sê

through

<ä÷s¡eTT

far

øÏ{Ïø° <ë«sê dæìe÷\ n<ä›+ <ë«sê <ë«sê e÷ ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT ˝ÒïVæ≤‘·T&ç <ë«sê <ë«sê

through the window. through the mirror. through the movies. the my friend. through Hyderabad.

<ä÷s¡eTT {≤ø°dt #ê˝≤ Ç+{Ï qT+&ç <ä÷s¡eTT qT+&ç <ä÷s¡eTT <ä÷s¡eTT #ê˝≤ #ê˝≤ <ä÷s¡eTT

far far from the house. far from the talkies. very far. very very far.

m<äTs¡T>±

opposite

‘·sê«‘·

after

^‘· oqT≈£î sêE m<äTs¡T>∑ Ç+{Ï m<äTs¡T>∑ m<äTs¡T>± dæìe÷ Vü‰dæŒ≥˝Ÿ {≤ø°dt m<äTs¡T>± m<äTs¡T>±

opposite to Raju’s house. opposite sto Seenu.

opposite to Geeta.

opposite to the hospital.

oppositethecinematalkies.

English

s¡$ ‘·sê«‘·

oqT ‘·sê«‘·

dü÷ÿ\T ‘·sê«‘·

s¡$ Ç+{Ï ‘·sê«‘·

yÓ’C≤>¥ ‘·sê«‘·

after Ravi.

after Seenu.

after the school.

after Ravi’s house.

after Vizag.

n&ɶ+>±

across

eTT+<äT

before

q~øÏ s√&ÉT¶≈£î n&ɶ+>± n&ɶ+>± πs˝Ò«π>≥TøÏ Hê≈£î Á_&ç®øÏ n&ɶ+>± n&ɶ+>± n&ɶ+>±

Cell Spoken

Ramu

across the road.

across the river.

across the bridge.

across the railway gate.

across me.

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2 s√E\ eTT+<äT

sêE ø£+fÒ eTT+<äT

yêfi¯fl≈£î eTT+<äT

dü÷ÿ\T≈£î eTT+<äT

s¡$ Ç+{ÏøÏ eTT+<äT

before 2 days.

before Raju.

before them.

before the school. before Ravi’s house.

My Dear Students

ô|’q MTs¡T #·÷dæq |ü<ë\T #ê˝≤ eTTK´yÓTÆq$

yê{Ïì ñ|üjÓ÷–+#˚ ≥|ü⁄Œ&ÉT ]esY‡ |ü<䛋˝À H˚ ñ|üjÓ÷–+#ê*

eT<Ûä´ eT<Ûä´˝À TheTheTheTheThe nH˚ |ü<ä+ø=ìï dü+<Ûäsꓤ\˝À edü÷Ô ñ+≥T+~

ø=ìï dü+<Ûäsꓤ\˝À sê<äT

<ëìì Ç|ü⁄Œ&ÉT |ü{Ϻ+#·Tø√e<ä›+&ç

H√{ÏøÏ eùdÔ #Ó|üŒ+&ç

˝Òø£b˛‘˚ e<äT›

Articles

>∑T]+∫ H˚s¡TÃø√H˚≥|ü⁄Œ&ÉT <ëì >∑T]+∫ |üP]Ô>± ‘Ó\TdüT≈£î+<ë+

Ç|ü⁄Œ&ÉT <ëì >∑T]+∫ f…HÓ¸Hé e<äT›

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Cell Spoken

Ramu

Rise Spoken English

7
7

ny˚T]ø± qT+&ç dæìe÷˝À s¡$ jÓTTø£ÿ ‘·eTTà&ÉT |ü+&ÉT>∑ ø=s¡≈£î sêeTT&ç #˚‘· u≤$ ˝À|ü*øÏ H√{Ï ˝À|ü*øÏ dü÷ÿ\T˝À dü]‘· e<ä› e÷ ‘ê‘·j·T´≈£î

dæ>∑πs{Ÿ ô|’q Hê ùdïVæ≤‘·T&ç ø=s¡≈£î &Üø£ºs¡T ø=s¡≈£î yÓ+&ç‘√ dü÷s¡T´&ç‘√ |üeHé #˚‘· ˝…’ÁãØ qT+&ç u≤‘Y s¡÷eTT≈£î ãfi≤fl]øÏ ≥es¡T ô|’øÏ ≈£îØà ô|’q Á|ü»\ ø=s¡≈£î q~ ˝À|ü*øÏ ùdºwüHé qT+&ç dæìe÷≈£î ‘·\ô|’q

‘·\T|ü⁄ ô|’q ‹+&ç ø=s¡≈£î n&É$øÏ düeTTÁ<äeTT ÁøÏ+~øÏ q~ ÁøÏ+<ä n&É$ qT+&ç dæìe÷≈£î {°.M.˝À |ü⁄düÔø£+ ø=s¡≈£î uÛÑ÷$T ô|’q Ç+{ÏøÏ Hê jÓTTø£ÿ Ç\T¢ øÏs√dæHé ÄsTT˝Ÿ ø=s¡≈£î e÷ Hêqï‘√ ˙fi¯fl‘√ düTì‘· #˚‘· ÇHé‡{Ï≥÷´{Ÿ qT+&ç >√&É ÁøÏ+<ä ã&ç˝À _*¶+>¥ ô|’q >∑÷{Ï˝À dü÷ÿ\T ø=s¡≈£î ô|qTï ø=s¡≈£î s¡$ #˚‘·

from America. in cinema. brother of Ravi. for the festival. by Rama. into the well. into the mouth. in the school. at Saritha. to our grand-pa.

on the cigarette. for my friend. for the doctor. with the silver. with the Sun. by Pavan. from the library. to the bathroom. to Bellary. up the tower. on the chair. for the people.

into the river.

from the station.

to the cinema.

on the head.

on the door.

for food.

to the forest.

Down the sea.

under the river.

from the forest. to the movie. in the T.V. for the book. on the Earth. to the house. house of me. for kerosene oil. with my father. with water. by Sunitha. from the Institute. under the wall. in the school. on the building. in the shelf. for the school. for the pen. by Ravi.

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bÕs¡Tÿ˝À

dæìe÷ ø=s¡≈£î

n+<ä]˝À

u§+u≤sTTøÏ

{°#·s¡T ø=s¡≈£î

sêsTT‘√

{°.M. ˝À|ü*øÏ

¬s’˝Ò«ùdºwüqT e<ä›

ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT˝À

>∑T&çøÏ

Ç+{Ï ÁøÏ+~øÏ

˙{Ï ô|’q

s√&ÉT¶ ô|’q

ø£+|üP´≥sY ô|’q

#·<äTe⁄ ø=s¡≈£î

uÛÑ÷$T ø=s¡≈£î

˙‘√

#Ó≥Tº ÁøÏ+~øÏ

s¡÷eTT˝À

oqT jÓTTø£ÿ #Ó˝…¢\T

#Ó*¢‘√

Ä|ò”düT qT+&ç

|òæÁãe] ˝À

dæìe÷ qT+&ç

{°.M. ˝À

˙fi¯fl ø=s¡≈£î

d”.&û. ø=s¡≈£î

yê&ç‘√

|ü⁄* #˚‘·

>∑T&ç qT+&ç

~∏j˚T≥sY ô|’q

s¡$ jÓTTø£ÿ ô|qTï ã+>±s¡+‘√ ô|qTï #˚‘· #Ó≥Tº <ä>∑Zs¡ Äø±X¯+ qT+&ç ÄÁ|òæø± qT+&ç q~ ô|’q nqïj·T´‘√ ∫s¡T‘·‘√ u≤$ ˝À|ü*øÏ H√{Ï‘√ ˝≤j·Ts¡T ø=s¡≈£î #Óø£ÿ‘√ j·T+Á‘·eTT #˚‘· Ç+{Ï ˝À|ü*øÏ >=&ÉT>∑T ÁøÏ+<ä bı\eTT qT+&ç |ü⁄düÔø£eTT ô|’q dü÷s¡T´&ç ø=s¡≈£î

in the park. for the movie. among all. to Bombay. for the teacher. with stone. into the T.V.

at the Railway - Station.

in Hyderabad. to the temple. down the house. on the water. on the road. on the computer.

for the studies. for the Earth. with you. down the tree. in the room.

sister of Seenu.

with sister.

from the office.

in February.

form the cinema.

in the T.V.

for water.

for C.D.

with him.

by the tiger.

from the temple.

on the theatre. pen of Ravi. with Gold. by the pen. near the tree. from the sky. from Africa. on the river. with brother. with the leopard. into the well. with the mouth. for the lawyer. with wood. by the machine. into the house. under an umbrella. from the field. on the book. for the Sun.

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Cell Spoken

Ramu

Rise Spoken English

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ãkÕº+&ÉTqT+&ç ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT≈£î @Á|æ˝Ÿ ˝À ˙jÓTTø£ÿ≈£î≥T+ã+ bÕ≥ø=s¡≈£î |ü⁄*‘√ Ç+{ÏøÏ dü÷s¡T´&çô|’q ÄyÓTø=s¡≈£î bÕ\ø=s¡≈£î bÕ\‘√ &Üø£ºs¡T#˚‘· ˙#˚‘· dü÷ÿ\TqT+&ç düs¡ÿdüTøÏ Ç+{Ïô|’øÏ |ü⁄düÔø£eTT˝À n+<ä]ø=s¡≈£î yÓT<ä&ÉT˝À|ü*øÏ Ç+{ÏqT+&ç >√&ÉÁøÏ+~øÏ ‘·\T|ü⁄ÁøÏ+<ä y˚T&Éô|’q q~ÁøÏ+~øÏ düeTTÁ<äeTTÁøÏ+<ä q~˝À

e÷ Hêqï jÓTTø£ÿ Ä|ò”düT

n‘·&çø=s¡≈£î Hêqï‘√ ôVA≥˝Ÿ ˝À|ü*øÏ dü÷ÿ\T<ä>∑Zs¡ ≥÷´wüHéqT+&ç }]qT+&ç Ä|ò”düTøÏ ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äTøÏ #·+Á<äT&çô|’øÏ u≤´>∑TÁøÏ+<ä u…+∫ÁøÏ+<ä e÷ Ç+{Ï Á|üø£ÿq fÒãT˝Ÿô|’q HêeTT+<äs¡ e÷Ç+{ÏeTT+<äs¡ s¡$Ç+{ÏøÏm<äTs¡T>∑ s√&ÉT¶≈£în&ɶ+>± düeTTÁ<äeTT ˝À|ü*øÏ ¬s’˝Ò«ùdºwüqTÁ|üø£ÿq q~øÏn&ɶ+>± ãkÕº+&ÉTeTT+<äs¡ s√&ÉT¶≈£îÁ|üø£ÿq ÄdüT|üÁ‹øÏeTT+<äT

from the bus-stand. to Hyderabad. in April. Family of You. for a song. with the tiger. to the house. on the Sun. for her. for milk. with milk. by the doctor. by you. from the school. to the circus. up the house. in the book. for all. into the brain. from the house. down the wall. under the door.

on the top of the house.

down the river.

under the sea.

in the river.

office of my father.

for him.

with my father.

into the hotel.

Near the school.

from the tuition. from the village. to the office. to Hyderabad. up on the Moon. under the bag. under the bench. beside our house. on the table. in front of me.

in front of our house.

e+≥s¡÷eTT˝À

#˚‹˝À

ø£es¡Tô|’q

ø£+|üP´≥sYô|’q

Ä|ò”düs¡Te<ä›

bÕs¡Tÿe<ä›

ø£fi¯fl‘√

H√{Ï‘√

ÇqTeTT‘√

bÕ¢dæºø˘‘√

Ç+^¢wtø=s¡≈£î

n+<ä]ø=s¡≈£î

e÷¬sÿ≥TºqT+&ç

ÇHé‡{Ï≥÷´{ŸqT+&ç

düs¡ÿdüTøÏ

Ç+{ÏøÏ

ø=+&É ô|’øÏ

>√&Éô|’øÏ

ì#ÓÃqÁøÏ+~øÏ

‘·\T|ü⁄ÁøÏ+~øÏ

|ü&ÉeÁøÏ+<ä

ø±fi¯fl ÁøÏ+<ä

s¡$jÓTTø£ÿuÛ≤s¡´

øÏs¡DYjÓTTø£ÿdüeTdü´

ø£+|üP´≥sY ˝À|ü*øÏ

ôd˝Ÿ bò˛Hé ˝À|ü*øÏ

>∑T&çÁ|üø£ÿq

ãdüT‡Á|üø£ÿq

Hê yÓqø£

e÷Ç+{ÏyÓqø£

#·]ÃeTT+<äs¡

ø=˝≤sTTeTT+<äs¡

#·+Á<ÛäT&çøÏ dü÷s¡T´&çøÏ eT<Ûä´˝À

ãdüT‡≈£î˝≤]øÏeT<Ûä´˝À ás√&ÉT¶≈£îì\Te⁄>± á |ü⁄düÔø±\˝À¢ V”≤s√\˝À¢ øÏ{Ïø°<Ûë«sê b˛©düT\ <Ûë«sê dæìe÷Vü‰\Tm<äTs¡T>± ^‘·Ç+{Ïm<äTs¡T>± s√&ÉT¶≈£în&ɶ+>± π>≥T≈£în&ɶ+>± u…+>∑fi¯Ss¡T<ä>∑Zs¡ ôV’≤y˚≈£î<ä>∑Zs¡ #ê˝≤<äTs¡eTT Çø£ÿ&çqT+&ç<ä÷s¡eTT Ç+‘·≈£îeTT+<äT ˙ø£+fÒeTT+<äT |ü~s√E\‘êsê«‘·

in the kitchen room.

in the hand. on the cover. on the computer. at the officer. at the park. with the eyes. with the mouth. with iron. with plastic. for English. for all.

from the market. from the institute. to the circus. to the house. up the hill. up the wall. down the ladder.

down the door.

under the boat.

under the legs.

wife of Ravi.

problem of Kiran.

into the computer.

into the cell phone.

beside the temple.

beside the bus.

behind me.

behind our house.

in front of the church.

in front of the tap.

betweentheMoonandtheSun.

betweenthebusandthelorry.

along this road.

among these books.

among the heroes.

through the window.

through the police.

opposite to the cinema hall. opposite to Geeta’s house.

across the road. across the gate. near Bangalore. near the Highway. very far. far from here. before. before you. after 10 days.

opposite to Ravi’s house.

across the road. into the sea.

beside the railway station.

across the river.

infront of the bus-stand.

beside the road. before the hospital.

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Prepositions ( $uÛÑøÏÔ ` Á|ü‘·´j·TeTT\T ) The Preposition is a word placed before a noun
Prepositions
( $uÛÑøÏÔ ` Á|ü‘·´j·TeTT\T )
The Preposition is a word placed
before a noun or a pronoun showing the relation
between the two persons or the things
Pre =
eTT+<äT
Preposition
nq>±
Ç<ä›s¡T e´≈£îÔ\≈£î , edüTÔe⁄\≈£î ,
Position nq>±
e´≈£îÔ\≈£î edüTÔe⁄\≈£î , edüTÔe⁄\≈£î e´≈£îÔ\≈£î ˇø£ dü+ã+<Ûëìï
kÕúqeTT
#·÷|æ+#˚
|ü<äeTT nì #Ó|üŒe#·TÃ
Preposition nq>±
Relation
dü+ã+<ÛäeTT nì ≈£L&Ü >∑Ts¡TÔô|≥Tºø√e#·TÃ
3 - Kinds of Prepositions
Ramu
English
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$uÛÑøÏÔ ` Á|ü‘·´j·TeTT\T eTTK´+>± 3 s¡ø±\T ñHêïsTT

Prepositions are of 3 Kinds :

1. Simple Prepositions . ( dæ+|ü⁄˝Ÿ ` Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ ) 2. Compound Prepositions . (ø±+bÂ+&é ` Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ ) 3. Phrasal Prepositions . ( Áù|ò»˝Ÿ ` Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ )

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1. Simple Prepositions

( dæ+|ü⁄˝Ÿ ` Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ )

ÇHé

in

˝À ( ˝À|ü\ )

ÄHé

on

English

ô|’q ( MT<ä ) e<ä› ô|’ìøÏ ˝À|ü*øÏ #˚‘· ‘√ ø=s¡≈£î qT+&ç qT+&ç ≈£î ( øÏ )

ô|’øÏ

ÁøÏ+~øÏ

ÁøÏ+<ä

jÓTTø£ÿ

˝À|ü*øÏ

es¡≈£î

 

n{Ÿ

at

nbÕHé

 

upon

ÇHé≥T

into

u…’

$‘Y

 

by

with

|òüsY

Á|üyéT

dæHé‡

≥T

n|t

&ÍHé

n+&ÉsY

Ä|òt

Ä

{Ï˝Ÿ

|òt

Ramu

: 9390495239

Cell Spoken

for

from

since

to

up

down

under

of

off

till

2.

Compound - Prepositions

( ø±+bÂ+&é ` Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ )

 

$‘YÇHé

 

within

˝Àù| ÁøÏ+<ä ÁøÏ+<ä ô|’q m≈£îÿe>± >∑T]+∫ ì\Te⁄>± ( düø£ÿ>± ) n+<äT˝À ( yê]˝À ) eTT+<äT ( ÁøÏ‘·eTT ) yÓqTø£ eT<Ûä´˝À Á|üø£ÿq

n+&ÉsY

under

_˝À

below

muÖ

Above

zesY

over

nuÖ{Ÿ

 

about

n˝≤+>¥

along

ne÷+>¥

among

_bò˛sY

before

_ôV’≤+&é

behind

_{°«Hé

between

_ôd’&é

beside

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2. Phrasal - Prepositions .

( Áù|ò»˝Ÿ ` Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ )

nø±]¶+>¥ ≥T

According to

<ëìøÏ nqT>∑TD+>±

nÁ^_¢ ≥T

agreebly to

n+^ø£è‹‘√

n˝≤+>¥ $‘Y

along with

<ëì‘√ bÕ≥T

ny˚ Á|òüyéT

_ø±CŸ Ä|òt

|òüsY <ä ùdø˘ Ä|òt

Cell Spoken

Ramu

away from

because of

for the sake of

English

: 9390495239

<ä÷s¡eTT>±

Ä

ø±s¡DeTT>±

n+<äTø=s¡¬ø’

ÇHéôdº&é Ä|òt

instead of

<ëìøÏ ã<äT\T>±

ÇHéô|¢dtÄ|òt

in place of

Ä

kÕúqeTT˝À

ÇHé πødt Ä|òt

in case of

ˇø£ y˚fi¯

ÇHé Á|òü+{Ÿ Ä|òt

infront of

eTT+<äT uÛ≤>∑eTT>∑

u…’ y˚ Ä|òt

by way of

Ä

e÷s¡ZeTTq

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Prepositions which indicates the place

in - on - at

düú˝≤ìï dü÷∫+#˚ |ü<ë\T

in

on

at

˝À|ü* düú\eTT

ô|’q ( ñ|ü] ) düú\eTT

e<ä› ` <ä>∑Zs¡ düú\eTT

in the hotel in our school in my pocket in India in our class room in the first bench in my book

on the table on the tree on the bus on the elephant on the wall on the pen on our house

at the theatre at our school. at the bus stand at the door at the college at the Railway-station at the zoo

1. We are in the hotel.

2. My bag is in our school.

3. The mobile is in my pocket.

4. We live in India.

5. Raju sir is in our class room.

6. I sit in the first bench.

7. I put the 100 Rs note in the book.

8. He sat on the table.

9. The monkey is on the tree.

10. Some people are standing on the bus.

11. I sat on the elephant in the zoo.

12. The cat is on the wall.

13. It is dirty on the pen.

14. The monkeys are playing on our house.

15. We are waiting at the theatre.

16. I saw him at our school.

17. The bus is ready at the bus stand.

18. I saw the snake at the door.

19. An accident occured at our college.

20. They are at the railway station.

1. y˚TeTT ¨≥˝Ÿ˝À

2. Hê u≤´>∑T e÷ dü÷ÿ˝À¢ ñ+~.

3.yÓTTu…’˝Ÿ Hê bÕ¬ø{Ÿ ˝À ñ+~.

4. y˚TeTT Ç+&çj·÷˝À ìedækÕÔeTT.

5.

6. H˚qT yÓTT<ä{Ï u…+N˝À ≈£Ls=Ã+{≤qT.

7. H˚qT 100 s¡÷!\ H√≥TqT |ü⁄düÔeTT˝À

8.

9. ø√‹ #Ó≥Tº ô|’q ñ+~.

10. H˚qT p˝À @qT>∑T ô|’q ≈£Ls=ÃHêïqT.

11. ø=+‘· eT+~ ãdüT‡ ô|’q ì\ã&ܶs¡T.

12. |æ*¢ >√&É ô|’q ñ+~.

13. ô|qTï ô|’q >∑©E>± ñ+~.

14. ø√‘·T\T e÷ Ç+{Ï ô|’q Ä&ÉT‘·÷ ñHêïsTT.

15. y˚TeTT ~∏j˚T≥sY e<ä› m<äTs¡T#·÷düTÔHêïeTT.

16. H˚qT n‘·&çì e÷ ã&ç e<ä› #·÷XÊqT.

17. ãdüT‡ ãkÕº+&ÉT e<ä› ¬s&û>± ñ+~.

18. H˚qT yêøÏ* e<ä› ˇø£ bÕeTTqT #·÷XÊqT.

19. e÷ ø±˝ÒJ e<ä› ˇø£ j·÷øχ&Ó+{Ÿ »]–+~. 20. yês¡T ¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüqT e<ä› ñHêïs¡T.

ñHêïeTT.

sêE kÕsY >±s¡T e÷ ø±¢düTs¡÷eTT˝À ñHêïs¡T.

ô |{≤ºqT.

n‘·&ÉT fÒãT˝Ÿ ô|’q ≈£Ls=ÃHêï&ÉT.

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Prepositions which indicates the Time

in - on - at

düeTj·÷ìï dü÷∫+#˚ |ü<ë\T

in

on

at

HÓ\\T ` dü+e‘·‡sê\T ` X¯‘êuÛ≤›\T

s√E\≈£î ` ‘˚B\≈£î

dü+øÏå|üÔ ` düeTj·T+

in August in December in January in 2013 in 2020 in the last century in the next century

on Sunday on monday on 6th on 7th on holidays on republicday on the festival

at 6 P.M. at 8 A.M. at 4 o’clock at 6 o’clock at night at the lunch time at 7 evening.

ø=ìï düeTj·÷\˝À

in - on ˇπø $<Ûä+>± ñ|üjÓ÷–düTÔ+{≤eTT

n|ü⁄Œ&ÉT C≤Á>∑‘·Ô

in

on

Ramu

in the morning

in the evening

in the night

: 9390495239

on sunday morning

on friday evening

on thursday night

1. My birthday is on 3rd in the month of june.

2. I shall meet him on friday at 6 P.M.

3. I will come to your house on Sunday.

4. Pongal comes on 14 th january every year.

5. We celebrate the independance on 15th August.

6. My marriage is in this month on 26th .

7. I met him today at 4.30.

8. He came today at 5 P.M.

9. We reached there at 6 o’clock.

10. I saw an accident early in the morning.

11. I have my lunch at 2 P.M.

12. Our school starts at 10 o’clock in the morning.

13. He gave me the amount yesterday night at 10.

14. She woke up at midnight ( night at 12 o’clock)

15. I have to attend the meeting at 10 A.M.

16. He came to the house at dinner time.

17. I get up at 6 everyday.

18. The train arrives at exactly 4 o’clock.

1. Hê |ü⁄{Ϻq s√E pHé HÓ\˝À 3 e ‘˚Bq ñ+~.

2. H˚qT X¯óÁø£yês¡eTT 6 >∑+!\≈£î n‘·&çì ø£\yê*.

3. H˚qT MT Ç+{ÏøÏ Ä~yês¡eTT s√Eq ekÕÔqT.

4. dü+Áø±+‹ Á|ür dü+e‘·‡s¡eTT »ìe] 14 q edüTÔ+~.

5. y˚TeTT kÕ«‘·+Á‘· ~H√‘·‡eeTTqT Ä>∑düTº 15 q »s¡T|ü⁄≈£î+{≤eTT.

6. Hê ô|[fl á HÓ\˝À 26 e ‘˚Bq ñ+~.

7. H˚qT n‘·&çì Hê\T>∑Tqïs¡ >∑+≥\≈£î ø£*XÊqT.

8. n‘·&ÉT ás√E 5 >∑+!\≈£î e#êÃ&ÉT.

9. y˚TeTT nø£ÿ&É 6 >∑+!\≈£î #˚sêeTT.

10. H˚qT ‘Ó\¢yês¡TC≤eTTq ˇø£ j·÷øχ&Ó+{ŸqT #·÷XÊqT.

11. H˚qT eT<Ûë´Vü≤ïeTT 2 >∑+!\≈£î uÛÀ»q+ #˚XÊqT.

12. e÷ ã&ç ñ<äj·T+ 10 >∑+!\≈£î ÁbÕs¡+uÛÑeTe⁄‘·T+~.

13. n‘·&ÉT Hê≈£î ìqï sêÁ‹ 10 >∑+!\≈£î &ÉãT“qT Ç#êÃ&ÉT.

14. ÄyÓT ns¡∆ sêÁ‹ ìÁ<ä˝Ò∫+~.

15. H˚qT 10 >∑+!\≈£î MT{Ï+>∑T≈£î Vü‰»s¡Tø±yê* .

16. n‘·&ÉT uÛÀ»q düeTj·÷ìøÏ Ç+{ÏøÏ e#êÃ&ÉT.

17. H˚qT Á|ürs√E 6 >∑+!\≈£î ìÁ<ä˝ÒkÕÔqT.

18. ¬s’\T K∫Ñ·+>± 4 >∑+!\≈£î e⁄düTÔ+~.

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Á>±e÷\T , |ü≥ºD≤\T , ∫qï Á|ü<˚XÊ\T e+{Ï yê{Ï eTT+<äT dü÷∫+#˚ |ü<ë\T>± ñ|üjÓ÷–+#·Tq|ü⁄Œ&ÉT

 

in ô|<ä› kÕúHêìøÏ

& at ∫qï kÕúHêìøÏ

1. He lives in Hyderabad at Ameerpet.

1. n‘·&ÉT ôV≤<äsêu≤<äT˝À nMTsYù|{Ÿ e<ä› ìedækÕÔ&ÉT.

2. She is in Bangalore at magistrate.

2. ÄyÓT u…+>∑fi¯Ss¡T˝À yÓTõÁùdº{Ÿ e<ä› ñ+~.

3. Ravi works in Delhi at P.N. Road.

3. s¡$ &ç©¢˝À |æ.j·THé . s√&é e<ä› |üì#˚kÕÔ&ÉT.

4. The accident occured in Nadyal at Gowripet.

4. j·÷øχ&Ó+{Ÿ q+<Ûë´\˝À >öØù|{Ÿ e<ä› »]–+~.

5. My marriage is in Kurnool at Gandhi nagar.

5. Hê ô|[fl ø£s¡÷ï\T >±+BÛ q>∑sY˝À »s¡T>∑T‘·Tqï~ .

˝À|ü\ ø£<ä\ø£ ñ+&ÉT

˝À|ü*øÏ

Á|üy˚•+#·T

q|ü⁄Œ&ÉT ( ø£<äT\T‘·÷ ) m˝≤ ñ|üjÓ÷–+#ê*

 

& into ˝À|ü*øÏ Á|üy˚•+#·T

in ˝À|ü\ ø£<ä\ø£ ñ+&ÉT He is in the class.

1.

6.

He is going into the class.

n‘·&ÉT ø±¢düT˝À ñHêï&ÉT.

n‘·&ÉT ø±¢düT ˝À |ü*øÏ yÓfi¯óÔHêï&ÉT.

2.

Raju is in the house.

English

: 9390495239

7.

Raju is going into the house.

sêE Ç+{Ï ˝À|ü*øÏ yÓfi¯óÔHêï&ÉT.

8.

Shiva is running into the temple.

•e >∑T&ç˝À|ü*øÏ |ü]¬>‘·TÔ‘·THêï&ÉT.

9.

I am putting my pencil into the pocket.

H˚qT ô|qTïqT CÀ_˝À|ü\øÏ ô|≥Tºø=+≥THêïqT.

10. The Lion is going into the den .

dæ+Vü≤eTT >∑TVü≤˝À|ü*øÏ yÓfi¯óÔqï~.

Ramu

sêE Ç+{À¢ ñHêï&ÉT.

3.

Shiva is in the temple.

•e >∑T&ç˝À ñHêï&ÉT.

4.

My pen is in the pocket.

Hê ô|qTï CÀ_˝À ñ+~.

5.

The Lion is in the cave.

dæ+Vü≤eTT >∑TVü≤˝À ñ+~.

in

within

(

˝À )

ø=+‘· düeTj·÷ìï |üP]Ô>± $ìjÓ÷–+#·Tø=ì

ÄdüeTj·T+˝ÀH˚ |üìì #˚ùdÔ

(

˝Àù| )

πø{≤sTT+#·T≈£îqï düeTj·T+ ˝Àù|

ˇø£ |üìì ‘=+<äs¡>± #˚dæq≥¢sTT‘˚

in & within

1. I completed my notes in 1 hour.

H˚qT H√≥T‡qT ˇø£ >∑+≥˝À |üP]Ô#˚XÊqT.

2. I wrote this song in 2 days.

H˚qT á bÕ≥qT ¬s+&ÉT s√E˝À¢ sêXÊqT.

3. We ate them in 2 hours.

y˚TeTT yê{Ïì 3 >∑+≥˝À¢ ‹HêïeTT.

4. Mummy prepared it in 3 hours.

neTà <ëìì 3 >∑+!˝À¢ ‘·j·÷s¡T #˚dæ+~.

5. He repaired it in 5 days.

n‘·&ÉT <ëìì 5 s√E˝À¢ ]ù|Ø #˚X¯&ÉT.

1. I completed my notes within 1 hour.

H˚qT H√≥T‡qT ˇø£ >∑+≥˝Àù| |üP]Ô#˚XÊqT.

2. I wrote this song within 2 days.

H˚qT á bÕ≥qT ¬s+&ÉT s√E˝À¢ù| sêXÊqT.

3. We ate them within 2 hours.

y˚TeTT yê{Ïì 3 >∑+≥˝À¢ù| ‹HêïeTT.

4. Mummy prepared it within 3 hours.

neTà <ëìì 3 >∑+!˝À¢ù| ‘·j·÷s¡T #˚dæ+~.

5. He repaired it within 5 days.

n‘·&ÉT <ëìì 5 s√E˝À¢ù| ]ù|Ø #˚X¯&ÉT.

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by

(

#˚‘· )

e´≈£îÔ\ $wüj·T+˝À m≈£îÿe>± ‘Ó*j·TCÒkÕÔeTT

with

(

‘√· ) edüTÔe⁄\ $wüj·T+˝À m≈£îÿe>± ‘Ó*j·TCÒkÕÔeTT

e´≈£îÔ\‘√ ( n|ü⁄Œ&É|ü⁄Œ&ÉT )

 

By & with

1. It is written by me.

 

1.

She wrote it with a pen.

n~ Hê #˚‘· sêj·Tã&çq~.

ÄyÓT ô|qTï‘√ sêdæ+~.

2.

She is beaten by Raju

2.

I beat it with the hammer.

ÄyÓT sêE #˚‘· ø=≥ºã&çq~.

H˚qT <ëìì düT‹Ô‘√ ø={≤ºqT.

3. The boy is punished by the teacher.

3.

He cut it with the knife.

|æ\¢yê&ÉT {°#·s¡T #˚‘· •øÏå+|üã&ܶ&ÉT.

ÄyÓT ø£‹Ô‘√ <ëìì ø√dæ+~.

4. This is prepared by my mother.

4.

He fought with Raju.

Ç~ neTà #˚‘· ‘·j·÷s¡T #˚j·Tã&çq~.

n‘·&ÉT sêE‘√ ø={≤¢&Ü&ÉT.

5.

They are eaten by the children.

5.

I am playing with my friends .

n$ |æ\¢\ #˚‘· ‹qã&çq$.

 

H˚qT Hê ùdïVæ≤‘·T\‘√ Ä&ÉT‘·THêïqT.

 

On

( ô|’q )

ø£<ä\≈£î+&É

dæús¡+>± ñ+&ÉT

ô|’q ( MT<ä )

Upon

(

MT~øÏ , ô|’øÏ , ô|’ìøÏ )

ø£<ä*ø£ »s¡T>∑T‘·÷

 

On & Upon

Cell Spoken

Ramu

1.

The pen in on the T.V.

ô|qTï {°.M. ô|’q ñ+~.

2. Rani is on the wall.

sêDÏ >√&É ô|’q ñ+~.

3.

Shiva is on the tree.

•e #Ó≥Tº ô|’q ñHêï&ÉT.

4.

The monkey is on the tower.

ø√‹ ≥es¡T ô|’q ñ+~.

5.

The lion is on the van.

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1.

I threw the pen upon the T.V.

H˚qT ô|qTïqT {°.M. ô|’øÏ $dæsêqT.

2.

Rani jumped upon the wall.

sêDÏ >√&É ô|’ìøÏ m–]+~.

3.

Shiva climbed upon the tree.

•e #Ó≥Tº ô|’øÏ mø±ÿ&ÉT.

4. The monkey climbed upon the tower.

ø√‹ ≥es¡T ô|’øÏ møÏÿ+~.

5.

The lion went upon the van.

dæ+Vü≤eTT yê´qT ô|’q ñ+~.

dæ+Vü≤eTT yê´qT MT~øÏ yÓ[fl+~.

from

to

(

(qT+&ç

)

mø£ÿ&ç qT+&ç

nH˚ Á|üX¯ï≈£î düe÷<ëqeTT

øÏ , ≈£î ) mø£ÿ&çøÏ nH˚ Á|üX¯ï≈£î düe÷<ëqeTT

from & to

1. I am coming from Hyderabad.

H˚qT ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT qT+&ç edüTÔHêïqT.

2. I am from Vijayawada. ( Native - Place )

H˚qT $»j·Tyê&É qT+&ç e∫Ãqyê&ÉqT . ( |ü⁄{Ϻq düú\eTT )

3. He is coming from the market.

n‘·&ÉT e÷¬sÿ≥Tº qT+&ç edüTÔHêï&ÉT.

4. I came from the office at 4 P.M.

H˚qT Ä|ò”düT qT+&ç kÕj·T+Á‘·+ 4 >∑+!\≈£î e#êÃqT.

5. He came from the abroads.

n‘·&ÉT $<˚XÊ\ qT+&ç e#êÃ&ÉT.

1. I am coming

to Hyderabad.

H˚qT ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT≈£î edüTÔHêïqT.

2. I am going to Vijayawada.

H˚qT $»j·Tyê&É≈£î yÓfi¯óÔHêïqT.

3. He is going to the market.

n‘·&ÉT e÷¬sÿ≥Tº ≈£î yÓfi¯óÔHêï&ÉT.

4. I went to the office at 9 A.M.

H˚qT Ä|ò”düTøÏ ñ<äj·T+ 9 >∑+!\≈£î yÓfi≤fl&ÉT.

5. He went to the abroads.

n‘·&ÉT $<˚XÊ\≈£î yÓfi≤fl&ÉT.

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up

( ô|’øÏ )

ô|’øÏ yÓfi‚fl $wüj·÷ìï #Óù|Œ≥|ü⁄Œ&ÉT

Up & down

down

( ÁøÏ+~øÏ sêe&ÉeTT )ÁøÏ+~øÏ e#˚à ≥|ü⁄Œ&ÉT

~π>≥|ü⁄Œ&ÉT

1. The aeroplane is flying up.

$e÷qeTT ô|’øÏ m>∑Ts¡T‘·Tqï~.

1. The aeroplane is coming down .

$e÷qeTT ÁøÏ+~øÏ edüTÔqï~.

2. The bird is jumping up the sky.

|üøÏå Äø±X¯eTT ô|’øÏ m>∑Ts¡T‘·Tqï~.

3. I am flying the kite up the sky.

H˚qT >±*|òü≥eTTqT Äø±X¯+ ô|’øÏ m>∑s¡y˚düTÔHêàqT.

4. The monkey is climbing up the tree.

ø√‹ #Ó≥Tº ô|’øÏ m≈£îÿ‘·Tqï~.

5. The worker is climbing up the ladder.

2. The bird is coming down from the sky.

|üøÏå Äø±X¯eTT qT+&ç ÁøÏ+~øÏ e#·TÃ#·Tqï~.

3. My kite came down from the high.

Hê >±*|òü≥eTT m‘·TÔ qT+&ç ÁøÏ+~øÏ e#˚Ãdæq~.

4. The monkey is coming down from the tree.

ø√‹ #Ó≥Tº ô|’ qT+&ç ÁøÏ+~øÏ e#·TÃ#·Tqï~.

5. The worker came down from the ladder.

|üìyê&ÉT ì#ÓÃq ô|’øÏ m≈£îÿ‘·THêï&ÉT.

|üìyê&ÉT ì#ÓÃq ô|’ qT+&ç ÁøÏ+~øÏ e#êÃ&ÉT.

Under

below

ÁøÏ+<ä ( |üP]Ô>± ÁøÏ+<ä nì #Ó|üŒe#·Tà )

‘·≈£îÿe>± ( |üP]Ô>± ÁøÏ+<ä e÷Á‘·+ ø±<äT ) ‘·≈£îÿe n+‘˚

Under & Below

Cell Spoken

Ramu

1.

The knife is under the pillow.

ø£‹Ô ~+&ÉT ÁøÏ+<ä ñ+~.

2.

The village is under the water.

ˇø£ |üfiËfl≥÷s¡T ˙{Ï ÁøÏ+<ä ñ+~.

3.

The sim is under his legs.

ˇø£ dæeTTà n‘·&ç ø±fi¯fl ÁøÏ+<ä ñ+~.

4.

The cat is under the table.

ˇø£ |æ*¢ fÒãT‘Y ÁøÏ+<ä ñ+~.

5.

The book is under the T.V.

ˇø£ |ü⁄düÔø£eTT {°.M. ÁøÏ+<ä ñ+~.

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1.

He got below 50 % marks.

n‘·&ÉT 50 % øÏ ‘·≈£îÿe e÷s¡Tÿ\T ‘Ó#·TÃ≈£îHêï&ÉT.

2.

The boy is below 18.

nu≤“sTT 18 ø£+fÒ ‘·≈£îÿe ej·TdüT‡ ø£\yê&ÉT .

3.

He buys below 2000 /- Rs shirt.

n‘·&ÉT 2000 s¡÷! ≈£î ‘·≈£îÿe πs≥T n+^H˚ ø=+{≤&ÉT.

4.

The age limit to get the govt job is below 36.

>∑es¡ïyÓT+{Ÿ ñ<Û√´>±ìøÏ 36 ≈£î ‘·≈£îÿe ej·TdüT‡ ñ+&Ü* .

5.

He is a below avarage student.

n‘·&ÉT kÕ<Ûës¡DeTT ø£+fÒ ‘·≈£îÿe kÕúsTT $<Ûë´]ú.

above

over

(

MT<ä , ô|’qH˚ ‘êøÏ ñ+&É&É+

m≈£îÿe>± ø±ø£ )

(‘·>∑\ ≈£î+&Ü m≈£îÿe>± ñ+&É&É+ )

above

& over

1. The lamp is above the table.

B|üeTT fÒãT˝Ÿ MT<äH˚ ñ+~.

2. One hundred is above ninety nine.

ˇø£ e+<ä ‘=+u…’ MT<äH˚ ñ+~.

3. The tree is 6 metres above the ground.

#Ó≥Tº H˚\øÏ 6 n&ÉT>∑T\ ô|’qH˚ ñ+~. |æ*¢ >√&É MT<äH˚ ñ+~.

5. He got above 90 marks.

n‘·&ÉT 90 XÊ‘·+ ô|’qH˚ ‘Ó#·TÃ≈£îHêï&ÉT.

4.

The cat stood above the wall.

1. The bridge is built over the river.

Á_&ç® q~øÏ ô|’q m≈£îÿe m‘·TÔ˝À ì]à+#·ã&ç+~.

2. He earned over his expectations.

n‘·&ÉT ‘·qT nqT≈£îqï<ëìø£+fÒ m≈£îÿeH˚ dü+bÕ~+#ê&ÉT.

3. The cat jumped over the gate.

|æ*¢ π>≥T ≈£î ô|’qH˚ m–]+~ .

4. He is over aged to get marry.

n‘·&çøÏ ô|[fl #˚düTø√e&Üìø£+fÒ ej·TdüT‡ m≈£îÿeH˚ ñ+~.

5. He is talking over his limits.

n‘·&ÉT ‘·q n<äT|ü⁄ø£+fÒ m≈£îÿeH˚ e÷{≤¢&ÉT‘·THêï&ÉT.

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Cell Spoken

Ramu

Rise Spoken English

17
17

Since ( Point of Time )

|üüì ÁbÕs¡+_Û+∫q

düeTj·÷ìï |üø±ÿ>± #Ó|üŒ&ÜìøÏ

Ramu : ( 0 ) 9390495239

for ( Duration of Time )

|üüì ÁbÕs¡+uÛÑyÓTÆq e´e~Û >∑T]+∫ #Ó|üŒ&É+

Since & for á ¬s+&ç+{Ïì Future - Perfect - Continuous - Tense ˝ÀH˚ ñ|üjÓ÷–+#ê*

H˚qT 2010 qT+&ç Çø£ÿ&É Ç+ø± |üì#˚düTÔHêïqT.

I have been working here since 2010.

y˚TeTT ˙ ø√dü+ 9 >∑+!\ qT+&ç m<äTs¡T#·÷düTÔHêïeTT.

We have been waiting for you since 9A.M.

n‘·&ÉTñ<Û√´>∑eTTø√dü+2005qT+&çÇ+ø± Á|üj·T‹ïdü÷ÔñHêï&ÉT.

He has been trying for a job since 2005.

neTà ñ<äj·T+ qT+&ç Ç+ø± e+≥ e+&É‘·÷ ñ+~.

Mummy has been cooking since morning.

n~ pHé HÓ\ qT+&ç |ü&çb˛‘·÷ ñ+~.

It has been falling since june month.

s¡$ k˛eTyês¡eTT qT+&ç #Ó|üPÔ ñHêï&ÉT.

Ravi has been telling since Monday.

e÷ {°#·s¡T 4 >∑+!\ qT+&ç $e]dü÷Ô ñHêï&ÉT.

Our teacher has been expalining since 4P.M.

y˚TeTT eT<Ûë´Vü≤ïeTT qT+&ç #Ódt Ä&ÉT‘·÷ ñHêïeTT.

We have been playing chess since afternoon.

yês¡T <ëìì ìqï{Ï qT+&ç yÓ‘·T≈£î‘·÷H˚ ñHêïs¡T.

They have been searching it since yesterday.

n‘·&ÉT 2 >∑+!\ qT+&ç ‹+≥÷ ñHêï&ÉT.

He has been eating since 2 o’clock.

e÷ ‘·eTTà&ÉT 3 >∑+!\ qT+&ç ø±˝Ÿ #˚dü÷Ô ñHêï&ÉT.

My brother has been calling since 3 o’clock.

MTs¡T ìqï{Ï qT+&ç #·÷dü÷Ô ñHêïs¡T.

You have been watching it since yesterday.

MT Hêqï >±s¡T 2013 qT+&ç |ò”E ø£&ÉT‘·÷ ñHêïs¡T.

Your fatherhas been paying the fees since 2013.

H˚qT 10 dü+!\ qT+&ç Çø£ÿ&É Ç+ø± |üì#˚düTÔHêïqT.

I have been working here for 10 years.

y˚TeTT ˙ ø√dü+ 3 >∑+!\ ùd|ü⁄ m<äTs¡T#·÷düTÔHêïeTT.

We have been waiting for you for 3 hours.

n‘·&ÉT ñ<Û√´>∑eTT ø√dü+ 9 dü+!e‘·‡sê\ qT+&ç Ç+ø± Á|üj·T‹ïdü÷Ô ñHêï&ÉT.

He has been trying for a job for 9 years.

neTà 3 >∑+!\ ùd|ü⁄ Ç+ø± e+≥ e+&É‘·÷ ñ+~.

Mummy has been cooking for 3hours.

n~ 6 HÓ\\ qT+&ç |ü&çb˛‘·÷ ñ+~.

It has been falling for 6 months.

s¡$ 3 s√E\ qT+&ç #Ó|üPÔ ñHêï&ÉT.

Ravi has been telling for 3 days.

e÷ {°#·s¡T 4 >∑+!\ ùd|ü⁄ $e]dü÷Ô ñHêï&ÉT.

Our teacher has been explaining for 4 hours.

y˚TeTT 2 >∑+!\ ùd|ü⁄ #Ódt Ä&ÉT‘·÷ ñHêïeTT.

We have been playing chess for 2 hours.

yês¡T <ëìì 2 s√E\ qT+&ç yÓ‘·T≈£î‘·÷H˚ ñHêïs¡T.

They have been searching it for 2 days.

n‘·&ÉT 2 >∑+!\ ùd|ü⁄ ‹+≥÷ ñHêï&ÉT.

He has been eating for 2 hours.

e÷ ‘·eTTà&ÉT 3 >∑+!\ ùd|ü⁄qT+&ç ø±˝Ÿ #˚dü÷Ô ñHêï&ÉT.

My brother has been calling for 3 hours.

MTs¡T ˇø£ yês¡eTT qT+&ç #·÷dü÷Ô ñHêïs¡T.

You have been watching it for a week. MT Hêqï >±s¡T 3 dü+e‘·‡sê\ qT+&ç |ò”E ø£&ÉT‘·÷ ñHêïs¡T.

Yourfatherhas been paying the fees for 3 years.

from

qT+&ç

Present continuous Tense ˝À ñ|üjÓ÷–dü÷Ô

¬s+&ÉT $<Ûë\T>± ñ|üjÓ÷–+#·e#·TÃ

( Point of Time ) &

( Duration of Time )

1. I am working here from 2013.

H˚qT Çø£ÿ&É 2013 qT+&ç |üì #˚düTÔHêïqT.

2. We are waiting for you from the morning.

y˚TeTT ñ<äj·T+ qT+&ç MT ø√dü+ m<äTs¡T #·÷düTÔHêïeTT.

3. The children are playing from 4 o’clock.

|æ\¢\T 4 >∑+!\ qT+&ç Ä&ÉT‘·THêïs¡T .

4. Thestudentsarewritingtheexamsfrom26th.

$<Ûë´s¡Tú\T 26 e ‘˚B qT+&ç |üØø£å\T sêdüTÔHêïs¡T.

5. I am working here from 2 years.

H˚qT Çø£ÿ&É 2 dü+e‘·‡sê\ qT+&ç |üì #˚düTÔHêïqT.

6. We are waiting for you from 5 hours.

y˚TeTT 5 >∑+!\ ùd|ü{Ï qT+&ç MT ø√dü+ m<äTs¡T #·÷düTÔHêïeTT.

7. The children are playing from 3 hours.

|æ\¢\T 3 >∑+!\ ùd|ü{Ï qT+&ç Ä&ÉT‘·THêïs¡T .

8. Thestudentsarewritingtheexamsfrom6 days.

$<Ûë´s¡Tú\T 6 s√»\ bÕ≥T qT+&ç |üØø£å\T sêdüTÔHêïs¡T.

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Ramu : ( 0 ) 9390495239

 

for

ø=s¡≈£î

( ø√düeTT )

1. We are waiting for the bus.

1. y˚TeTT ãdüT‡ ø=s¡≈£î y˚∫ ñHêïeTT. 2. n‘·&ÉT e÷ nqïj·T´ ø√düeTT Çø£ÿ&çøÏ edüTÔHêï&ÉT. 3. ÄyÓT &ÉãT“ ø√düeTT |üì#˚düTÔqï~. 4. H˚qT uÀ»qeTT #˚j·TT≥ ø=s¡≈£î á fÒãT˝ŸqT ø=HêïqT. 5. ÄyÓT ≈£Ls¡>±j·T\ ø=s¡≈£î e÷sYÿ≥Tº≈£î yÓ[fl+~.

2. He is coming here for my brother.

3. She is working for money.

4.

I bought this table for having dinner.

5. She went to the market for the vegetables.

6. He is marrying that black girl for dowry.

6. n‘·&ÉT ø£≥ïeTT ø√düeTT Ä q\¢ ne÷àsTTì ô|[fl#˚düT≈£îHêï&ÉT.

7.

Ramu is learning English for his work.

7. sêeTT ‘·q |üì ø√düeTT Ç+^¢wt H˚s¡TÃø=+≥THêï&ÉT. 8. H˚qT u≤´+≈£î ñ<Û√´>∑eTT ø√düeTT m<äTs¡T #·÷düTÔHêïqT.

8. I am waiting for the bank job.

9. I asked him for the story books.

H˚qT ø£<∏ä\ |ü⁄düÔø±\ ø√düeTT n‘·&çì n&ç>±qT. 10. y˚TeTT #·<äTe⁄ ø=s¡≈£î Çø£ÿ&çøÏ e#êÃeTT.

9.

10. We came here for the studies.

 

of

jÓTTø£ÿ

1. I am son of Gopal.

2. She is daughter of Sreedhar.

3. He is friend of mine.

4. This is the scooter of my cousin.

5. It is the meeting of the ministers.

6. This is the factory of our uncle.

7. This is the school of poor students.

8. Ramu is the writer of this book.

9. He is the man of quality.

10. This bench is made of wood.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. Ç~ #Óø£ÿ‘√ #˚j·Tã&çq~.

H˚qT >√bÕ˝Ÿ jÓTTø£ÿ ≈£îe÷s¡T&çì.

ÄyÓT Áo<ÛäsY jÓTTø£ÿ ≈£îe÷¬sÔ .

n‘·&ÉT Hê jÓTTø£ÿ ùdïVæ≤‘·T&ÉT.

Ç~ e÷ ∫Hêïqï jÓTTø£ÿ dü÷ÿ≥s¡T.

Ç~ eT+Á‘·T\ jÓTTø£ÿ düe÷y˚X¯eTT.

Ç~ e÷ e÷ej·T´ jÓTTø£ÿ bòÕ´ø£ºØ.

Ç~ ù|<ä $<Ûë´s¡Tú\ jÓTTø£ÿ ã&ç.

sêeTT á |ü⁄düÔø£eTT jÓTTø£ÿ s¡#·sTT‘·.

n‘·&ÉT eT+∫ >∑TDeTTqT ø£*–q yê&ÉT.

off

‘·–Z+#·T

, ‘=\–+#·T , rdæy˚j·TT

1. I want to put off the fan.

2. Put off the light.

3. turn off the T.V.

4. He switched off the cell.

5. Raju put off his shirt .

6. They are offering 30 % off.

7. They turned off the program.

8. The power has gone off.

9. He has gone off form the party.

10. Our M.D. has cut off my salary.

Please

Please

1. Hê≈£î bòÕ´qTqT Ä|æy˚j·÷\ì ñ+~.

2.

3.<äj·T#˚dæ

4. n‘·&ÉT ôd˝Ÿ bò˛HéqT dæ«#Y Ä|òt #˚XÊ&ÉT.

5. sêE ‘·q n+–ì ‘=\–+#ê&ÉT.

6. yês¡T 30% ‘·–Z+∫ Ä|òüsY Ç#êÃs¡T.

7. yês¡T ø±s¡´Áø£e÷ìï Ä|æy˚XÊs¡T.

8. ø£¬s+≥T yÓ[flb˛sTT+~.

9. n‘·&ÉT bÕغ qT+&ç yÓ[fl b˛j·÷&ÉT.

10. e÷ j·T+.&û. Hê J‘êìï ø£{Ÿ #˚XÊ&ÉT.

<äj·T#˚dæ

˝…’≥TqT Ä]Œy˚j·T+&ç {°.M.ì rùdj·T+&ç.

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till ( until ) ( The end point of time ) ¬s+&ÉT düe÷q nsêúìï ÇkÕÔsTT

 

till ( until )

es¡≈£î

 

1. We worked till / until 8 o’clock.

1. y˚TeTT 8 >∑+!\ es¡≈£î |üì#˚XÊeTT.

2. He works here till evening 6 dialy.

2. n‘·&ÉT Á|ürs√E 6 >∑+!\ es¡≈£î Çø£ÿ&É |üì#˚kÕÔ&ÉT.

3. Raju stayed with us until the last sunday.

3. sêE e÷‘√ á Ä~yês¡eTT es¡≈£î ñHêï&ÉT.

4. We were there in chennai till sunday.

4. y˚TeTT Ä~yês¡eTT es¡≈£î #ÓHÓ’ï˝À ñ+{Ï$T.

5. He slept till 9 A.M.

5. n‘·&ÉT 9 >∑+!\ es¡≈£î ìÁ<äb˛j·÷&ÉT.

6. You stay here until the rain stops.

6. MTs¡T yêq Äπ>+‘· es¡≈£î Çø£ÿ&˚ ñ+&É+&ç.

7. You stop it until I tell you.

7. ˙e⁄

H˚qT #Óù|Œ+‘· es¡≈£î <ëìì Ä|æy˚sTT.

8. I wait for you until you come.

8. H˚qT ˙e⁄ e#˚Ã+‘· es¡≈£î y˚∫ ñ+{≤qT.

9. He scolded me until I became angry.

9. n‘·&ÉT H˚qT ø√|ü+|ü&˚+‘·es¡≈£î qqTï ‹{≤º&ÉT.

10. Please

Wait until I come.

10. <äj·T#˚dæ

H˚qT e#˚Ã+‘· es¡≈£î y˚∫ ñ+&É+&ç

 

About

>∑T]+∫

1. I am thinking about my future.

English

: 9390495239

1. H˚qT Hê uÛÑ$wü´‘·TÔ >∑T]+∫ Ä˝À∫düTÔHêïqT.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.sêE Hê >∑T]+∫ ‘Ó\TdüTø√yê\ì ÄÁ‘·T‘·>± ñHêï&ÉT.

8.

9.

10. y˚TeTT á $wüj·÷ìï >∑T]+∫ #ê˝≤ $#ês¡ø£s¡+>± ñHêïeTT.

ÄyÓT ‘·q uÛÑs¡Ô >∑T]+∫ n&ÉT>∑T‘·Tqï~.

b˛©düT\T <=+>∑ >∑T]+∫ $#ês¡D #˚XÊs¡T.

Hê≈£î n‘·&ç >∑T]+∫ yÓTT‘·Ô+ ‘Ó\TdüT.

Hê≈£î n‘·&ç ø±´¬sø£ºs¡T MT<ä nqTe÷q+ ñ+~.

n‘·&ÉT ‘·q ø=&ÉT≈£î jÓTTø£ÿ #·<äTe⁄ >∑T]+∫ ∫+‹+#ê&ÉT.

Hê≈£î MT >∑T]+∫ ‘Ó\TdüTø√yê\ì #ê˝≤ ÄdüøÏÔ>± ñ+~.

Hê≈£î ÄyÓT ≈£î≥T+uÛÑeTT >∑T]+∫ u≤>± ‘Ó\TdüT.

Cell Spoken

Ramu

2. She is asking about her husband.

3.

The police enquired about the thief.

4. I knew all about him.

5. I am doubtful about his character.

6. He worried about his son’s studies.

7. Raju is eager to know about me.

8.

9.

I have a lot of interest to know about you.

I know well about her family.

10. We are very sad about this matter.

Across

n&ɶ+>±

1. He went across the road.

2. She ran away across the bridge.

3. Ravi can swim across the river.

4. The oldman is going across the road.

5. I drew a line across the page.

6. She went across the railway gate.

7. I am swimming across the canal.

8. Gopal and I met across each other.

9. Rani came across me at the temple.

10. The king went across the forest .

1. n‘·&ÉT s√&ÉT¶≈£î n&ɶ+>± yÓfi≤fl&ÉT.

2. ÄyÓT Á_&ç®øÏ n&ɶ+>± |ü]¬>‹Ôq~.

3. s¡$ q~øÏ n&ɶ+>± á<ä>∑\&ÉT.

4.eTTdü*yê&ÉT s√&ÉT¶≈£î n&ɶ+>± yÓfi¯óÔHêï&ÉT.

5. H˚qT ù|JøÏ n&ɶ+>± ˇø£ ˝…’qTqT ^#êqT.

6. ÄyÓT ¬s’˝Ò«π>≥T≈£î n&ɶ+>± yÓ[fl+~.

7. H˚qT ø±\Te≈£î n&ɶ+>± á‘·˝≤&ÉT‘·THêïqT.

8. >√bÕ˝Ÿ eT]j·TT H˚qT ˇø£]ø=ø£s¡+ n&ɶ+>± ø£*XÊeTT.

9. sêDÏ Hê≈£î >∑T&ç<ä>∑Zs¡ n&ɶ+>± e∫ä+~. 10.sêE n&É$øÏ n&ɶ+>± yÓfi≤fl&ÉT.

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Along

yÓ+≥ , yÓ+≥H˚ , düø£ÿ>± , ì\Te⁄>± , nqTdü]dü÷Ô , ≈£L&Ü

1. She came along with her father.

2. Go along this road.

3. I walked along this way.

4. The police ran along with the thief.

5. Come along with me where I go.

6. He walked slowly along this road

7. The players ran along the beach.

8. Rani goes to the college along with Geeta.

9. I cook along with my mother.

10. Our cousin works along with us.

1. ÄyÓT yêfi¯fl Hêqï yÓ+≥ e∫Ã+~.

2. á s√&ÉT¶ |ü≥Tºø=ì düø£ÿ>± yÓfi¯fl+&ç.

3. H˚qT á s√&ÉT¶qT nqTdü]dü÷Ô q&ç#êqT.

4. b˛©düT <=+>∑ m˝≤ yÓ[‘˚ n˝≤ yÓ+≥H˚ |ü]¬>‘êÔ&ÉT.

5. H˚HÓø£ÿ&çøÏ yÓ[‘˚ nø£ÿ&çøÏ Hê yÓ+fÒ sê

6. n‘·&ÉT ì<ëq+>± q&ÉT#·Tø=+≥÷ á s√&ÉT¶≈£î ì\Te⁄>± yÓfi≤fl&ÉT.

7. Ä≥>±fi¯ófl düeTTÁ<Ûä|ü⁄ ˇ&ÉT¶qT nqTdü]dü÷Ô |ü]¬>‘êÔs¡T.

8. sêDÏ ^‘·‘√ bÕ≥T ø±˝ÒJøÏ yÓfi¯óÔ+~.

9. H˚qT e÷ neTà‘√ bÕ≥T e+≥ e+&ÉT‘êqT.

10. e÷ ‘√ bÕ≥T e÷ ∫Hêïqï ø=&ÉT≈£î ≈£L&Ü |üì#˚kÕÔ&ÉT.

 

between

eT<Ûä´˝À

( ¬s+&ÉT edüTÔe⁄\≈£î ˝Ò<ë Ç<ä›s¡T e´≈£îÔ\≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À )

English

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Cell Spoken

Ramu

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

The fight is between Raju and Ravi.

There is no difference between You and me .

I sat between Geeta and Lalitha.

Our house is between Raju’s and Shiva’s.

The war is between India and Pakistan.

Our house is between temple and the park.

7. Seenu sits between Rajesh and Rakesh.

8. Sreedhar ran between car and the bus.

9. Letter ‘C’

is

between ‘B’ and ‘D’.

1. ø£{≤¢≥ ñ+&˚~ sêE ≈£î s¡$øÏ eT<Ûä´˝À .

2. ˙≈£î Hê≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À ô|<ä› ‘˚&Ü @MT ˝Ò<äT.

3.

4.

H˚qT ^‘·≈£î \‘·≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À ≈£Ls=ÃHêïqT.

e÷ Ç\T¢ sêE eT]j·TT •e Ç+&É¢ eT<Ûä´˝À.

5. j·TT<ä›eTT ñ+&˚~ Ç+&çj·÷ eT]j·TT bÕøÏkÕÔHé\ eT<Ûä´˝À.

6.

e÷ Ç\T¢ >∑T&ç≈£î bÕs¡Tÿ≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À ñ+~.

7.oqT s¡CÒwt≈£î eT]j·TT sêUÒwt ≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À ≈£Ls=Ã+{≤&ÉT

8.

9.

Áo<ÛäsY ø±s¡T≈£î ãdüT‡≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À |ü]¬>‘êÔ&ÉT.

nø£ås¡eTT ‘C’

‘B’ ≈£î ‘D’. ≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À ñ+~.

10. 3 comes between 2 and 4 .

10. 3

2 ≈£î 4 ≈£î eT<Ûä´˝À edüTÔ+~.

 

Among

( n+<äT˝À , yê]˝À ) #ê˝≤ eT+~ e´≈£îÔ\˝À

#ê˝≤ edüTÔe⁄\˝À

1. I like chiru among the heroes.

2. I like soundarya among the heroins.

3. I love Rani among my friends.

4. Rajesh is the best among the students.

5. Raju sir is the best among the teachers.

6. Suresh is the worst among the players.

7. I like mangoes among the fruits.

8. My father likes me among the 4 children.

9. We read Ramayana among the stories.

10. Ilikebrahmanandamamongthecomedians.

1. H˚qT V”≤s√\˝À¢ ∫s¡+J$ì Çwüº|üü&É‘êqT.

2. H˚qT V”≤s√sTTq¢˝À¢ kÂ+<Ûäs¡´qT

3. H˚qT Hê ùdïVæ≤‘·T\˝À sêDÏì Áù|$TkÕÔqT.

4.sêCÒwt n+<äs¡÷ $<Ûë´s¡Tú\˝À ñ‘·ÔeTT&ÉT.

5. sêE kÕsY n+~] {°#·s¡¢˝À ñ‘·ÔeTT&ÉT.

6. düTπswt n+<ä] Ä≥>±fi¯fl˝À¢ |üìøÏe÷*q yê&ÉT.

7. Hê≈£î |ü+&É¢˝À¢ e÷$T&ç |ü+&É¢+fÒ Çwü˜+.

8. e÷ Hêqï 4 |æ\¢\˝À¢ qH˚ï Çwüº|ü&É‘ê&ÉT.

9. ø£<∏ä\˝À¢ y˚TeTT sêe÷j·TDy˚T #·<äTe⁄‘êeTT.

10.H˚qT ø£MT&çj·Tq¢˝À¢ ÁãVü‰àq+<ëH˚ï Çwüº|ü&É‘êqT.

Çwüº|ü&É‘êqT.

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through

<ë«sê

1. I saw the thief through the window.

1. H˚qT <=+>∑qT øÏ{ÏøÏ <ë«sê #·÷XÊqT.

2. We go Hyderabad through Kurnool.

2. y˚TeTT ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT≈£î ø£s¡÷ï\T <ë«sê yÓfi≤ÔeTT.

3. Ravi saw me through the mirror.

3. s¡$ qqTï n<ä›+ <ë«sê #·÷XÊ&ÉT.

4. We knew the truth through Kavitha.

4. y˚TeTT ìC≤ìï ø£$‘· <ë«sê ‘Ó\TdüT≈£îHêïeTT. 5. H˚qT sêUÒwt <ë«sê ˙ nÁ&ÉdüT‡ ‘Ó\TdüT≈£îHêïqT.

5. I knew your address through Rakesh.

6.

I lost my purse through my negligence.

6.

H˚qT Hê nC≤Á>∑‘·Ô <ë«sê Hê |üs¡T‡qT b˛>=≥Tº≈£îHêïqT.

7. He got this job through my friend.

7. n‘·&ÉT Hê ùdïVæ≤‘·T&ç <ë«sê ñ<Û√´>∑eTT ‘Ó#·TÃ≈£îHêï&ÉT.

8. I got this news through the Newspaper.

8.

H˚qT á yês¡ÔqT yêsêÔ |üÁ‹ø£ <ë«sê ‘Ó#·TÃ≈£îHêïqT.

9. We breathe through nose.

9.

y˚TeTT eTT≈£îÿ <ë«sê XÊ«düqT |”\TkÕÔeTT.

10.

The scientist is seeing through the microscope.

10. XÊÁdüÔE„&ÉT yÓTÆÁø√k˛ÿ|t <ë«sê #·÷düTÔHêï&ÉT.

 

Near

<ä>∑Zs¡ , <ä>∑Zs¡>± , <ä>∑Zs¡˝À

1. Our house is near the Talkies.

2. Our school is near the bus-stand.

3. The park is near the Railway-station.

4. Our college is near the zoo.

5. We are near to your house.

6. Our village is near to the city.

7.

Their factory is very near to the village.

8. Rama is working near by our shop.

9. His house is near to the temple.

10. The temple is near to the Railway gate.

1. e÷ Ç\T¢ {≤ø°düT≈£î <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

2. e÷ ã&ç ãkÕº+&ÉT≈£î <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

3.

4. e÷ ø±˝ÒJ

y˚TeTT MT Ç+{Ï <ä>∑Zs¡˝À ñHêïeTT.

7.

8.

9.

10. >∑T&ç ¬s’˝Ò« π>≥T≈£î <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

6.

5.

bÕs¡Tÿ ¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüqT≈£î <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

p ≈£î <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

e÷ }s¡T dæ{°øÏ <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

yê] bòÕ´ø£ºØ e÷ }]øÏ <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

sêeTT&ÉT e÷ n+>∑&ç <ä>∑Zs¡ |üì#˚düTÔHêï&ÉT.

n‘·&ç Ç\T¢ >∑T&çøÏ <ä>∑Zs¡>± ñ+~.

far

<ä÷s¡eTT , <äTs¡+>±

1. Our house is far from the Talkies.

2. Our school is far from the bus-stand.

3. The park is far from the Railway-station.

4. Our college is far from the zoo.

5. We are very far to your house.

6. Our village is very far to the city.

7. Their factory is very far to the village.

8. Rama is working very far from here.

9. His house is very far from the temple.

10. The temple is very far from the busstand.

1. e÷ Ç\T¢ {≤ø°düT qT+&ç <ä÷s¡+>± ñ+~.
2. ñ+~.

e÷ ã&ç ãkÕº+&ÉTqT+&ç <ä÷s¡+>±

3. bÕs¡Tÿ ¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüqT qT+&ç <ä÷s¡+>±

4. e÷ ø±˝ÒJ p qT+&ç <ä÷s¡+>±

5. y˚TeTT MT Ç+{ÏøÏ <ä÷s¡+>± ñHêïeTT.

6. e÷ }s¡T dæ{°øÏç #ê˝≤ <ä÷s¡+>± ñ+~.

7. yê] bòÕ´ø£ºØ e÷ }]øÏ #ê˝≤ <ä÷s¡+>± ñ+~.

8. sêeTT&ÉT Çø£ÿ&ç qT+&ç #ê˝≤ <ä÷s¡+>± |üì#˚düTÔHêï&ÉT.

ñ+~.

ñ+~.

ñ+~.

9. n‘·&ç Ç\T¢ >∑T&ç qT+&ç #ê˝≤ <ä÷s¡+>±

10. >∑T&ç ãkÕº+&ÉT qT+&ç #ê˝≤ <ä÷s¡+>±

ñ+~.

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Beside Á|üø£ÿq 1. Our house is beside the Talkies. 1. 2. Our school is beside
Beside
Á|üø£ÿq
1. Our house is beside the Talkies.
1.
2. Our school is beside the bus-stand.
2.
3. The park is beside the Railway-station.
3.
4. Our college is beside the zoo.
4.
5. We are beside your house.
5.
6. Our village is beside the city.
6.
7. Their factory is beside the village.
7.
8. Rama is working beside our shop.
8.
9. His house is beside the temple.
9.
10.
The temple is beside the Railway gate.
e÷ Ç\T¢ {≤ø°düT Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
e÷ ã&ç ãkÕº+&ÉT Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
bÕs¡Tÿ ¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüqT Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
e÷ ø±˝ÒJ p Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
y˚TeTT MT Ç+{Ï Á|üø£ÿq ñHêïeTT.
e÷ }s¡T dæ{Ï Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
yê] bòÕ´ø£ºØ e÷ }] Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
sêeTT&ÉT e÷ n+>∑&ç Á|üø£ÿq¡ |üì#˚düTÔHêï&ÉT.
n‘·&ç Ç\T¢ >∑T&ç Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
10. >∑T&ç ¬s’˝Ò« π>≥T Á|üø£ÿq ñ+~.
Besides
<ëì‘√ bÕ≥T
≈£L&Ü

1. He plays cricket besides football.

2. I eat Idlies besides poori.

3. I drink milk besides coffee.

4. He speaks English besides Telugu.

5. We went to Tirupathi besides Goa.

6. They prepared non-veg besides sweets.

7. I read Sakshi besides Vaartha.

8. She watches serials besides the movies.

9. Rani reads stories besides the subjects.

10. He bought a car besides a bike.

1. n‘·&ÉT |òü⁄{Ÿu≤˝Ÿ‘√ bÕ≥T ÁøϬø{Ÿ ≈£L&Ü Ä&É‘ê&ÉT.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

H˚qT |üPØ\‘√ bÕ≥T Ç&û¢\T ≈£L&Ü ‹+{≤qT.

H˚qT ø±|ò”‘√ bÕ≥T bÕ\T ≈£L&Ü ‘ê>∑T‘êqT.

n‘·&ÉT ‘Ó\T>∑T‘√ bÕ≥T Ç+^¢wt ≈£L&Ü e÷{≤¢&É‘ê&ÉT.

y˚TeTT >√yê‘√ bÕ≥T ‹s¡T|ü‹øÏ ≈£L&Ü yÓfi≤fleTT.

yês¡Td”«≥¢‘√bÕ≥THêHéy˚CŸ≈£L&Ü‘·j·÷s¡T#˚XÊs¡T.

H˚qT yês¡Ô‘√ bÕ≥T kÕøÏå ≈£L&Ü #·<äTe⁄‘êqT.

ÄyÓT dæìe÷\‘√ bÕ≥T d”]j·T˝Ÿ ≈£L&Ü #·÷düTÔ+~.

9. sêDÏ düu…®≈£îº\‘√bÕ≥T ø£<∏ä\T ≈£L&Ü #·<äTe⁄‘·T+~.

10. n‘·&ÉT u…’≈£î‘√ bÕ≥T ø±s¡T ≈£L&Ü ø=Hêï&ÉT.

Behind ( Back side )

yÓqø£

1. Our house is behind the Talkies.

2. Our school is behind the bus-stand.

3. The park is behind the Railway-station.

1. e÷ Ç\T¢ {≤ø°düT yÓqø£ ñ+~.

ñ+~.

3. bÕs¡Tÿ ¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüqT yÓqø£ ñ+~.

2. e÷ ã&ç ãkÕº+&ÉT yÓqø£

4. Our college is behind the zoo.

4. e÷ ø±˝ÒJ p yÓqø£

ñ+~.

5. We are behind your house.

5. y˚TeTT MT Ç+{Ï yÓqø£

ñHêïeTT.

6. Our village is behind the city.

7. Their factory is behind the village.

8. Rama is working behind our shop.

9. His house is behind the temple.

10.The temple is behind the Railway gate.

6. e÷ }s¡T dæ{Ï yÓqø£ ñ+~.

7. yê] bòÕ´ø£ºØ e÷ }] yÓqø£

8. sêeTT&ÉT e÷ n+>∑&ç yÓqø£ |üì#˚düTÔHêï&ÉT.

9. n‘·&ç Ç\T¢ >∑T&ç yÓqø£ ñ+~.

10. >∑T&ç ¬s’˝Ò« π>≥T≈£î yÓqø£ ñ+~.

ñ+~.

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infront of

eTT+<äs¡

1. Our house is infront of the Talkies.

e÷ Ç\T¢ {≤ø°düT eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. e÷ ã&ç ãkÕº+&ÉT eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. bÕs¡Tÿ ¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüqT eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. e÷ ø±˝ÒJ p eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. y˚TeTT MT Ç+{Ï eTT+<äs¡ ñHêïeTT. e÷ }s¡T ø=+&É eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. yê] bòÕ´ø£ºØ e÷ }] eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. sêeTT&ÉT e÷ n+>&ç eTT+<äs¡ |üì#˚düTÔHêï&ÉT. n‘·&ç Ç\T¢ >∑T&ç eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~. 10. >∑T&ç ¬s’˝Ò« π>≥T eTT+<äs¡ ñ+~.

9.

8.

7.

6.

5.

4.

3.

2.

1.

2. Our school is infront of the bus-stand.

3. The park is infront of the Railway-station.

4. Our college is infront of the zoo.

5. We are infront of your house.

6. Our village is infront of the hill.

7. Their factory is infront of the village.

8. Rama is working infront of our shop.

9. His house is infront of the temple.

10.

The temple is infront of the Railway gate.

 

After

‘·sê«‘·

1. We will come after 5 minutes.

2. I will see you after the lunch.

3. He will come here after 4 o’clock.

4. The train will arrive after 1 hour.

5. He will return back after 2 days.

6. I will get a job after 2 months.

7. She will return my amount after 1 year.

8. We will plan about it after some days.

9. We discuss about it after Monday.

10. He will inform us after 1 week.

1. y˚TeTT 5 ì$TcÕ\ ‘·sê«‘· ekÕÔeTT.

2. H˚qT $TeTà*ï uÛÀ»q+ ‘·sê«‘· #·÷kÕÔqT.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

n‘·&ÉT Çø£ÿ&çøÏ 4 >∑+!\ ‘·sê«‘· ekÕÔ&ÉT.

¬s’\T ˇø£ >∑+≥ ‘·sê«‘· edüTÔ+~.

n‘·&ÉT 2 s√E\ ‘·sê«‘· ‹]– ekÕÔ&ÉT.

H˚qT 2 HÓ\\ ‘·sê«‘· ñ<Û√´>∑eTT ‘Ó#·TÃ≈£î+{≤qT.

ÄyÓTˇø£dü+e‘·‡s¡eTT‘·sê«‘·Hê&ÉãT“‹]–ÇdüTÔ+~.

8.y˚TeTTø=ìïs√E\‘·sê«‘·Bì>∑T]+∫bÕ¢Hé#˚kÕÔeTT.

9.

10. n‘·&ÉT ˇø£ yês¡eTT ‘·sê«‘· Hê≈£î ‘Ó*j·TCÒkÕÔ&ÉT.

y˚TeTT Bì >∑T]+∫ k˛eTyês¡eTT ‘·sê«‘· #·]ÃkÕÔeTT.

Before

eTT+<äT , ÁøÏ‘·eTT

1. We came before 5 minutes.

2. We went there before an hour.

3. We joined here before some days.

4. They asked the amount before a week.

5. She worked there before 2013.

6. I read this book before 1 month.

7. We discussed about this before 2 days.

8. He had come to our house before a month. 9. I had written the bank exam before a month.

10. She had married before a long time.

1. y˚TeTT 5 ì$TcÕ\ eTT+<äT e#êÃeTT.

2. y˚TeTT ˇø£ >∑+≥ eTT+<äT yÓ[flb˛j·÷eTT.

3. y˚TeTT Çø£ÿ&É ø=ìï s√E\ eTT+<˚ #˚sêeTT.

4. yês¡T ˇø£ yês¡eTT ÁøÏ‘·eTT &ÉãT“qT n&ç>±s¡T.

5. ÄyÓT 2013 ≈£î eTT+<äT nø£ÿ&É |üì#˚dæ+~.

6. H˚qT ˇø£ HÓ\ ÁøÏ‘·eTT á |ü⁄düÔø±ìï #·~yêqT.

7. y˚TeTT 2 s√E\ ÁøÏ‘·eTT Bì >∑T]+∫ #·]Ã+#êeTT.

8. n‘·&ÉT ˇø£ HÓ\ ÁøÏ‘·eTT e÷ Ç+{ÏøÏ e∫à ñ+&ÓqT.

9. H˚qT ˇø£ HÓ\ ÁøÏ‘·eTT u≤´+≈£î |üØø£åqT sêXÊqT. 10. ÄyÓT #ê˝≤ ø±\+ ÁøÏ‘·eTT ô|[fl #˚düTø=ì+~.

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During

n|ü⁄Œ&ÉT , n+<äT

1. We went out during the morning.

1. y˚TeTT ñ<äj·T+ n|ü⁄Œ&ÉT ãj·T{ÏøÏ yÓfi≤fleTT.

2. We met our relatives during the holidays.

2. y˚TeTT e÷ ã+<ÛäTe⁄\qT ôd\e⁄\+<äT ø£*XÊqT.

3. We enjoy a lot during the holidays.

3. y˚TeTT ôd\e⁄\+<äT #ê˝≤ m+C≤jYT #˚XÊeTT.

4. Ravi came during the summer vacations.

4. s¡$ m+&Ü ø±\+ ôd\e⁄\+<äT e#êÃ&ÉT.

5. He arranged the party during the late night.

5. n‘·&ÉTsêÁ‹düeTj·TeT+<äT Ä\dü´+>± bÕغnπs+CŸ#˚XÊ&ÉT.

6. I called you during the meeting.

6.

H˚qT düe÷y˚X¯eT|ü⁄Œ&ÉT ˙≈£î ø±˝Ÿ #˚XÊqT.

7. WevisitTirupathiduringthesummerholidays.

7. y˚TeTT ‹s¡T|ü‹ì m+&Üø±\+ ôd\e⁄\+<äT <ä]ÙkÕÔeTT.

8. I change my dress during the night times.

8. H˚qT Hê Á&ÉdüT‡qT sêÁ‹ düeTj·TeT+<äTe÷s¡TkÕÔqT.

9. We were not there during that time.

9. y˚TeTT Ä düeTj·TeT|ü⁄Œ&ÉT nø£ÿ&É ˝Ò≈£î+{Ï$T.

10.

Don’t disturb me during the sleepy time.

10. |ü&ÉT≈£îH˚ düeTj·TeT|ü⁄Œ&ÉT qqTï &çdüºsY“ #˚j·Te<äT›.

 

Towards

MT<ä>± , yÓ’|ü⁄>± , ~≈£îÿq

1. That car was going towards Hyderabad.

2. We are reaching towards kurnool.

3. He travelled towards the North.

4. This bus is going towards Bombay.

5. This train is going towards Bangalore.

6. She is coming towards me.

7. They walked towards the Bus-stand.

8. The children rushed towards the ground.

9. The bus came towards our scooter.

10. Our teacher saw towards me.

1.

2.

3.

4. á ãdüT‡ u≤+uÒ yÓ’|ü⁄>± yÓfi¯óÔqï~.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. e÷ {°#·s¡T Hê yÓ’|ü⁄>± #·÷XÊ&ÉT.

Ä ø±s¡T ôV’≤<äsêu≤<äT yÓ’|ü⁄>± yÓfi¯óÔ+&ÓqT.

y˚TeTT ø£s¡÷ï\T MT<äT>± #˚s¡Tø=+≥THêïeTT.

n‘·&ÉT ñ‘·Ôs¡+ ~≈£îÿq Á|üj·÷DÏ+#ê&ÉT.

á ¬s’\T u…+>∑fi¯Ss¡T yÓ’|ü⁄>± yÓfi¯óÔqï~.

ÄyÓT Hê yÓ’|ü⁄>± edüTÔqï~.

yês¡T ãkÕº+&ÉT MT<äT>± q&ÉTdü÷Ô yÓfi≤fls¡T.

|æ\¢\T yÓTÆ<ÛëqeTT yÓ’|ü⁄>± <ä÷düT¬øfi≤fls¡T.

ãdüT‡ e÷ dü÷ÿ≥s¡T yÓ’|ü⁄>± e∫Ã+~.

Against

e´‹πsK+>± , $s¡T<ä›+>± , m<äTs¡T>±

1. My brother behaves against me.

2. He is telling against me.

3. She is quite against to me.

4. They are against to that party.

5. He put the ladder against the wall.

6. He spoke against the rules.

7. The evidance is against him.

8. You are doing against to every one.

9. You did against what I told.

10. The teenagers are against to their parents.

1. e÷ ‘·eTTà&ÉT Hê‘√ e´‹πsK+>± Á|üe]ÔkÕÔ&ÉT.

2. n‘·&ÉT Hê≈£î $s¡T<ä›+>± #Ó|ü⁄ÔHêï&ÉT.

3. ÄyÓT Hê≈£î |üP]Ô>± e´‹πsKeTT .

4. yês¡T Ä bÕغøÏ e´‹πsKeTT.

5. n‘·&ÉT ì#ÓÃqqT >√&É≈£î m<äTs¡T>± ñ+#ê&ÉT.

6. n‘·&ÉT s¡÷˝Ÿ‡ \≈£î $s¡T<ä›+>± e÷{≤¢&Ü&ÉT.

7. kÕø£å´eTT n‘·&çøÏ e´‹πsK+>± ñ+~.

8. ˙e⁄ Á|ü‹ ˇø£ÿ]øÏ $s¡T<ä›+>± #˚düTÔHêïe⁄.

9. ˙e⁄ Hê Ä»„≈£î e´‹πsK+>± #˚XÊe⁄.

10. ej·TdüT‡˝À ñqïyês¡T yês¡T ‘·*¢ <ä+Á&ÉT\≈£î $s¡T<ä›eTT.

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