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Seat

No.

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Total No" of Pages : 4

S.E. (Mech) (Fart - ru) (Semester-Iv)

Examination, Dec" - 2013

ANALYSTS OF MECT{ANICAL ELEVIENTS

Sub. Code | 43592

Day and Date : Tuesday, lA - ft - 2013 Time : 2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.

Thtal Marks : 100

Instructions :

1)

Solve any three questions frorn each section.

2)

A.ssurne suitable data wherever necessary and state it clearly.

3)

Figures to the right indicate furl! manks"

SBCJISN -I

Q1) a)

A metai bar, 80 mm x 80 mrn section is subjected to an axial tensile load

of 100 kN. Ihe extension of a 200 mm gauge length is found to be

0.5 mm and the increase in thickness of 0.05 rnm. Find the value of Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio.

t7l

b) Ashaft is transmitting. 97.5 kW at 180 rprn. If the allowable stress in the

material is 60 MPa. Find the suitable diarneter for the shaft.

Also find the shaft diarneter from rigidity considerations, if the allowable

meters. Take C:80 GPa. Igj

twist in the shaft is f

in a length of 3

Q2) a)

Draw the shear force and bending rnoment diagram for the bearn shown

in fig 2. Mark typical ordinated on diagram and locate trloint of contra

flexure.

l14I

150

loo kqlyn

l*--- 10 n

==!+

trs 2_-

b) Draw stress-strain diagram for brittle rnaterial. Show irnportant points.[4]

PTO.

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Q3) A cast iron beam is of I - section as shown in fig 3. The beam is simply

on a span of 5m. If the tensile stress is not to exceed

supported

20 Ni

mm2. Find the safe IIDL which the beam can carry. Find also the

maximum compressive stress

[16]

f

,Ba,l

_t 70

-T

I

A6o

I

?-oo

I

1- l^o -----i

Q4) a)

F'S 3

Show that the shear stress distribution in a circular section of a beam

which is subjected to shear force S is given by q=*(o'- v') cohere R

is the radius of circular section and Y is the distance from neutral axis ' [8]

b) A circular beam of 100 mm diameter subjected to a shear force of 5 kN.

Qs) a)

Calculate:

r)

ii)

d)

Average shear stress.

Maximum shear stress.

Shear stress at a distance of 40 mm. Show the distribution diagram'

I8I

SECTION . II

for slope and deflection of a cantilever beam subjected

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Derive an equation

to point load at

free end.

b) A steel shaft 30cm in dia and 5m long is used as a cantilever. It young's Modulus of steel is 2 x 10akN/cm2 and if the cantilever carries a point

load of 40kN at its free end, calculate slope and deflection at a point

distant 2m from the free end.

_)-

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Q6) a)

A point in a strained material is subjected Fig. 6.1. calculate.

to the

1)

Major principal stress

ii)

Minor pnncipal stress.

d)

Location of principal places.

,,L

a

dostlr*rvor

+Me

-

4DNlfir'l

-

4o d lw^L

riT- 6- 7

s-752

stresses as shown in

,

6 oN lTn h4

[10]

nL-

b) Describe with sketch, Mohr's circle method for calculating principal

Q7) a)

stresses when

Stresses.

body is subjected to two mutually Perpendicular Tensile

I8l

Describe with sketches effective length of column with different end

conditions.

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b) Compare Euler's crippling load and Raukiui's crippling load for tubular

strut225 cm long having outer and inner diameter of 37 .5 mm & 32.5mm

respectively, loaded through pin joints at both ends. Assume fc : 315

Mpa, "=%soo andE:200 GPa.

-3-

tel

e-

Q8) a)

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Derive the mathematical expression for strain energy due to shear. t6l

b) The maximum stress produced by a pull in a bar of length lm is

150 N/mm2. The oross section of a bar is shown in

Fig. 8.I. Calculate the

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sfrain energy produced in bar. Assume E:2 x 105N/mm2

t,

goorr,orott

L--{

l00tnr,rtL

2-

200 htrrr-

Fi3- B. f,

lfnr1

-4-