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Examen de Inglés :v

Vocabulary:
 Countries and nationalities:
Poland-Polish= Polonia-Polaco
Italy-Italian= Italia-Italiano
Brazil-Brazilian= Brasil-Brasileño
Scotland-Scottish= Escocia-Escocés
the UK-British= Reino Unido-Británico
the USA-American= Estados Unidos-Estadounidense
Mexico-Mexican= México-Mexican
Spain-Spanish= España-Español
Ireland-Irish= Irlanda-Irlandés
Hungary-Hungarian= Hungría-Húngaro
Argentina-Argentinian= Argentina-Argentino
Turkey-Turkish= Turquía-Turco
 Months:
January= Enero
February= Febrero
March= Marzo
April= Abril
May= Mayo
June= Junio
July= Julio
August= Agosto
September= Septiembre
October= Octubre
November= Noviembre
December= Diciembre
 School Equipment:
a ruler= una regla
an exercise book= un libro de ejercicios
pens= lapiceros
an eraser= un borrador
a pencil sharpener= un tajador
a pencil case= una cartuchera
a calculator= una calculadora
pencils= lápices
a computer= una computadora
a dictionary= un diccionario
a desk= un escritorio
a cupboard= una alacena
a bookshelf= un estante de libros
a box= una caja
an interactive whiteboard= una pizarra interactiva
 Numbers 1-30:
one= uno
two= dos
three= tres
four= cuatro
five= cinco
six= seis
seven= siete
eight= ocho
nine= nueve
ten= diez
eleven= once
twelve= doce
thirteen= trece
fourteen= catorce
fifteen= quince
sixteen= dieciséis
seventeen= diecisiete
eighteen= dieciocho
nineteen= diecinueve
twenty= veinte
twenty-one= veintiuno
twenty-two= veintidós
thirty- treinta
 Numbers 10s, 100s, and 1,000s:
forty= cuarenta
fifty= cincuenta
sixty= sesenta
seventy= setenta
eighty= ochenta
ninety= noventa
one hundred= cien
two hundred= doscientos
one thousand= mil
 Things:
a guitar= una guitarra
an MP3 player= un reproductor de MP3
a TV= un televisor
a camera= una cámara
a mobile pone= un celular
a skateboard= un monopatín
a bicycle= una bicicleta
a pet= una mascota
a computer= una computadora
a games console= una consola de videojuegos
a DVD player= un reproductor de DVD
 Family:
brother= hermano
parents= padres
aunt= tía
father= padre
son= hijo
husband= esposo
daughter= hija
grandfather= abuelo
uncle= tío
sister= hermana
children= hijos
grandparents= abuelos
grandmother= abuela
mother= madre
cousin= primo
wife= esposa
 Things:
keys= llaves
earphones= auriculares
wallet= billetera
purse= monedero
mirror= espejo
packet of tissues= paquete de pañuelos
lip salve= bálsamo labial
hairbrush= cepillo
ID card= tarjeta de identificación
inhaler= inhalador
sunglasses= lentes de sol
packet of chewing gum= paquete de goma de mascar
 School subjects:
History= historia
Geography= geografía
Maths= matemática
English= inglés
Foreign Languages: lenguas extranjeras
Art: arte
Design and Tecnology= diseño y tecnología
ICT (Information Communication Tecnology)= Cómputo
Science= Ciencia
Citizenship= ciudadanía
PE (Physical Education)= Educación Física
 Places:
pharmacy= farmacia
music shop= tienda de música
bookshop= librería
newsagent’s= quiosco de periódicos
baker’s= panadería
clothes shop= tienda de ropa
greengrocer’s= verdulería
shoe shop= zapatería
stationer’s= papelería
sports shop= tienda de deportes
shopping mall= centro comercial
 Things:
sink= lavamanos
cupboard= alacena
cooker= estufa
sofa= sofá
armchair= sillón
fridge= refrigerador
wardrobe= guardaropa
bath= bañera
bed= cama
TV= televisor
basin= cubeta
bookcase= librero
toilet= baño
washing machine= lavadora
carpet= alfombra
 Places:
police station= estación de policía
fire station= estación de bomberos
post office= oficina postal
town hall= alcaldía
hospital= hospital
cinema= cine
library= biblioteca
hotel= hotel
school= escuela
car park= estacionamiento
sports centre= centro deportivo
stadium= estadio
swimming pool= piscina
market= mercado
university= universidad
 Sports:
karate= karate
volleyball= vóley
baseball= baseball
badminton= bádminton
swimming= natación
judo= judo
tennis= tenis
basketball= básquet
rugby= rugby
skiing= esquí
football= futbol
rowing= remo
gymnastics= gimnasia
running= atletismo
golf= golf
 Parts of the body:
back= espalda
head= cabeza
toe= dedo del pie
foot= pie
shoulder= hombros
hand= mano
arm= brazo
knee= rodilla
ankle= tobillo
stomach= estómago
leg= pierna
neck= cuello
elbow= codo
finger= dedo
 Illnesses:
a cough= tos
feel sick= sentirse enfermo
a backache= dolor de espalda
a sore throat= dolor de garganta
a stomachache= dolor de estómago
a headache= dolor de cabeza
a toothache= dolor de muela
a cold= un resfriado
a pain in my knee= dolor en la rodilla
an earache= dolor de oído
a sore leg= dolor de pierna
the flu= la gripe
a fever= fiebre
 Sport equipment:
surfboard= tabla de surf
rope= cuerda
wetsuit= traje acuático
helmet= casco
knee pads= rodilleras
skateboard= monopatín
 Food:
bananas= plátanos
milk= leche
crips= papitas fritas
tomatoes= tomates
onions= cebollas
cheese= queso
potatoes= papas
apples= manzanas
rice= arroz
meat= carne
juice= jugo
biscuits= galletas
ice-cream= helado
eggs= huevos
pizzas= pizzas
cereal= cereal
 Food:
fish= pescado
olives= aceitunas
eggs= huevos
potatoes= papas
tomatoes= tomates
lemon= limón
oil= aceite
 Clothes:
shirt= camisa
skirt= falda
dress= vestido
trousers= pantalones
jeans= pantalones
sweater= suéter
T-shirt= polo
hoodie= capucha
jacket= chaqueta
trainers= zapatillas
boots= botas
belt= correa
scarf= bufanda
hat= sombrero
earrings= aretes
piercing= perforación
 Internet:
log on= iniciar sesión
username= nombre de usuario
password= contraseña
do research= investigar
instant message= mensaje instantáneo
blogs= blogs
chat= chat
download= descargar
create web pages= crear páginas web
social networking sites= redes sociales
search engines= motores de búsqueda
information= información
chatroom= sala de chat
email= correo electrónico
online= en línea
 Kinds of music:
rock= rock
classical= música clásica
jazz= jazz
pop= pop
folk= música folklórica
heavy metal= heavy metal
disco= música disco
punk= punk
hip-hop= hip-hop
 Festivals:
party= fiesta
presents= regalos
fireworks= fuegos artificiales
special clothes= ropas especiales
traditional dancing= danzas tradicionales
candles= velas
parade= desfile
special food= comida especial
sweets= dulces
 Things:
wagon= vagón
magnifying glass= lupa
tent= carpa
wheel= rueda
bathtub= bañera
 Everyday technology:
mobile phone= celular
hairdryer= secadora
TV= televisor
radio= radio
alarm clock= despertador
cooker= estufa
electric toothbrush= cepillo de dientes eléctrico
electric kettle= hervidor eléctrico
mobile phone charger= cargador de celular
toaster= tostadora
MP3 player= reproductor de MP3
 Modern inventions:
the mobile phone= el celular
the computer= la computadora
the aeroplane= el avión
electricity= electricidad
TV= televisor
antibiotics= antibiotics
nuclear power= energía nuclear
the radio= la radio
the car= el carro
the internet= el internet
the MP3 player= el reproductor de MP3
plastic= plástico
 Green lifestyle:
environment= medio ambiente
green= verde
recycle= reciclar
bottles= botellas
packaging= envase
plastic= plástico
tins= latas
recycled paper= papel reciclado
turn off the taps= cerrar los grifos
turn off your computer= apaga tu computadora
 Our planet:
pollution= contaminación
global warming= calentamiento global
wind power= energía eólica
solar power= energía solar
save the world= salvar el mundo
droughts= sequías
destroy= destruir
rainforests= selvas tropicales
hurricanes= huracanes
floods= inundaciones
 Weather:
cloudy= nublado
foggy= brumoso
windy= ventoso
sunny= soleado
stormy= tormentoso
rainy= lluvioso
snowy= nevado
 Temperature:
warm= cálido
cool= fresco
hot= caliente

Irregular verbs:
Infinitive Past Simple
be was/were
become became
begin began
brake broke
bring brought
build built
catch caught
choose chose
come came
cost cost
cut cut
dig dug
do did
draw drew
dream dreamed/dreamt
drink drank
drive drove
eat ate
fall fell
find found
fly flew
feel felt
forget forget
get got
give gave
go went
have had
grow grew
hold held
keep kept
know knew
learn learned/learnt
leave left
light lit
lose lost
make made
meet met
pay paid
put put
read read
ride rode
run ran
say said
see saw
sell sold
send sent
show showed
sing sang
sit sat
sleep slept
speak spoke
spend spent
swim swam
take took
teach taught
tell told
think thought
tell told
think thought
throw threw
understand understood
wake woke
wear wore
win won
write wrote
Present continuos:

I am (‘m)

+ He/She/It is (‘s)
walking.

You/We/They are (‘re)

I am not (‘m not)

-
He/She/It is not (isn’t)

You/We/They are not (aren’t)

Short answers
I
Am I walking
Yes, you are.
No, you aren’t.

D Yes, she is.


Is she walking? No, she isn’t.

?
D Yes, I am.
Are you walking? No, I’m not.

What are you doing at the moment?


I’m walking to school.
Time expressions: now, at the moment
Present simple affirmative:
I/You/We/They walk to school.
He/She/It walks to school.

Present simple negative:

J F do not
I/You/We/They k a play.
D(don’t)

j A does not
He/She/It h play.
g (doesn’t)

He doesn’t work NOT He doesn’t works

Present simple question


Short answers
Do g
g
D
a
I/you/we/they live in
the city? Yes, I/you/we/they do.
No, I/you/we/they
don’t.

A J
Does he/she/it live in Yes, he/she/it does.
the city? No, he/she/it doesn’t.

Use question words to ask for information.

Where do I/you/we/they live?

Where does he/she/it live?


Present simple and present continuous:
 Use the present simple to talk about regular activities and facts.
I often wear a sweater. (regular activities)
I love this sweater. (fact)
 Use the present continuous to talk about actions at the time of speaking.
I’m wearing an old sweater.
 We often use the present simple and the present continuous together.
I usually wear jeans but today I’m wearing trousers.
I usually go swimming at this time but at the moment I’m reading in the
library.

Adverbs of frequency:

 100%= always
 80%= usually
 50%= often
 30%= sometimes
 0%= never

Articles:
Use a/an with singular countable nouns.
a blog, a recipe, an apple.

Notice: Eat cereal and grapes for breakfast


NOT: Eat a cereal and a grapes.

 Use a/an to talk about a thing (or person) for the first time.
He writes a blog.
Cooking is a problem in his house.
 Use the to talk about a thing or person again.
He writes a blog. In the blog…
Cooking is a problem in his house. The problem is…
 Use a/an with the verb to be + noun to describe a person’s job or identity.
Sam Stern is a chef. His sister’s a vegetarian.
 Don’t use a/an or the when you make general statements.
I hate oranges. NOT I hate the oranges.
Past simple: to be

+ I/He/She/It was tired.


You/We/They were friendly.

- I/He/She/It was not (wasn’t) tired.


You/We/They were not (weren’t) friendly.

Short answers
B
a
Was I/he/she/it tired? Yes, I/he/she/it was.
No, I/he she/it wasn’t.
?

Were you/we/they warm and dry last night? Yes, you/we/they were.
No, you/we/they weren’t.

Why was she with him? I don’t know.


Where were there? At Glastonbury Festival.

Time expressions: last night yesterday last week last month


In January 2008

Past simple: affirmative


verb + -ed:
finish ---> finished clean ---> cleaned

+ I/You/He/She/It/You/We/They cooked dinner. (regular)

Many verbs have irregular past forms:


go ---> went wear ---> wore give ---> gave have ---> had
They wore new clothes.

Time expression:

last year three weeks ago in February later on New Year’s Eve
at midnight after that

Past simple + questions words


Subject questions Who invented the World Tim Berners Lee invented
Wide Web? the World Wide Web.
Object questions What did Tim Berners He invented the World
invent? Wide Web.

Past simple: negative and question

- I/You/He/She/It/We/They did not (didn´t) watch TV

Short Answers

? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they cycle to school? Yes,


I/you/he/she/it/we/they
did.
No,
I/you/he/she/it/we/they
didn´t

Comparative adjectives:
adjective comparative
one syllable cheap cheaper
green greener
fit fitter
two syllables ending in -y healthy healthier
two or more syllables convenient more convenient
expensive more expensive
irregular good better
bad worse