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DISCOVER THE SECRET OF LASTING LUBRICANT SELECTION

How to balance lube compatibility & cost without sacrificing performance

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

While industrial lubricants only make up 1% of plant operational costs, the lack of proper lubrication or application can have an adverse impact on total maintenance costs and downtime. More than half of all maintenance costs are directly related to one of the smallest budgeted items.*

One class of non-traditional synthetic lubricants—

perfluoropolyether (PFPE) lubricants—provides longer- lasting performance, which results in reduced wear and tear for machine parts, lower maintenance costs, and fewer production delays, even in the harshest environments.

Parts and equipment generally require more maintenance and capital reinvestment in environments where extreme temperatures and pressures are combined with harsh chemicals and conditions. Traditionally used petroleum- based hydrocarbon lubricants break down and fail at extreme temperatures with pressure and chemical exposures, requiring more frequent machine maintenance and causing shorter parts lifespans. Traditional synthetic lubricants may provide only marginally better results.

PFPE lubricants are proven to provide the broadest benefits, even in the most extreme conditions without breaking down. Using PFPE reduces equipment failure, maintenance cost, parts replacement, and labor costs. More importantly, it reduces production downtime.

Though more expensive than petroleum-based and other traditional synthetic lubricants, PFPEs provide a short payback period and long-term benefits.

Using PFPE lubricants reduces equipment failure, maintenance costs, parts replacement, and labor costs. More importantly, it reduces production downtime.

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

Stable Performance in Harsh Environments

One of the greatest advantages of using PFPE lubricants is stability across

a

wide variety of operating conditions and environments. This inert nature

is

what allows PFPE greases and oils to outlast and outperform competing

traditional synthetic and hydrocarbon products.

In addition to PFPE lubricants being chemically inert compared to virtually all chemicals commonly used in most industries, they are also water and oil repellent, solvent resistant, nonflammable, compatible with oxygen and reactive gases, and non-toxic. And, they are compatible with most common elastomers, plastics, and metals.

Even with PFPEs having such extreme capabilities, they are completely safe to

handle. When comparing the MSDS of Krytox™ lubricant, a type of PFPE lubricant,

to the MSDS of sugar, sugar is more dangerous to handle.

Using PFPE lubricants can contribute significantly to lowering the cost of doing business–industries, such as aerospace, automotive, and chemical, have used PFPEs with exceptional performance and reliability in the toughest conditions, where productivity matters and downtime is costly.

Extreme Compatibility

PFPE lubricants are stable and effective among other lubricants as well as steam, moisture, and harsh chemicals. Because of their chemically inert properties, PFPE lubricants are safe to use with more than 100 different chemicals without degradation, including boiling sulfuric acid.

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

Can Your Lubricant Stand the Heat?

As machine operating temperatures rise above 120 °C or fall below 0 °C, petroleum- based lubricants begin to fail, forcing costly re-lubrication and production interruption. Conventional synthetic lubricants (esters, polyalkylene glycols, and polyalphaolefins) don’t perform much better. Krytox™ PFPE lubricants are stable up to 350 °C and down to - 75 °C.

polyalphaolefins) don’t perform much better. Krytox™ PFPE lubricants are stable up to 350 °C and down

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

Extreme Temperature Side by Side

In a side-by-side high temperature test, hydrocarbon and PFPE (Krytox™ GPL 227) grease were placed in an oven at 232 °C (450 °F) for 40 hours. The hydrocarbon grease lost 40 percent of its weight (ceasing to be an effective lubricant), and developed tar. Krytox™, the PFPE grease, remained unchanged in weight and appearance (lubricating ability fully intact).

remained unchanged in weight and appearance (lubricating ability fully intact). Hydrocarbon PFPE (Krytox ™ GPL 227)

Hydrocarbon

remained unchanged in weight and appearance (lubricating ability fully intact). Hydrocarbon PFPE (Krytox ™ GPL 227)

PFPE

(KrytoxGPL 227)

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

Extreme Pressure (EP)

PFPE greases with extreme pressure additives have high load-carrying capability and good lubrication characteristics under boundary and mixed friction conditions, making them ideal for use in high loading and slow speed conditions. In addition, PFPE oils provide inherent extreme pressure performance based on their unique chemistry.

Several tests have proven that PFPEs outperform and outlast hydrocarbon lubricants.

In a Pin and Vee Block Test (ASTM D-3233)–an evaluation of wear, friction, and extreme pressure–Krytox™ (PFPE) lubricants reached the maximum load in the test, while hydrocarbon lubricants displayed signs of extreme wear and often caused a catastrophic early failure.

PFPE lubricants again outperformed hydrocarbon lubricants in a four ball extreme pressure test (ASTM D-2596), which measures a lubricant’s performance under extreme pressure using a point contact sliding motion. Petroleum greases have a load wear index (LWI) of approximately 50, and synthetic hydrocarbons have LWIs close to 100. PFPEs were stable at LWIs more than twice the LWIs of hydrocarbon lubricants and matching or exceeding the LWIs of synthetic hydrocarbons.

Another test steadily increases the load on a rotating steel ball in contact with 3 fixed balls until they seize and welding occurs, which simulates point contact conditions. The lowest load (Weld Point) data is used to calculate the value of how well the grease prevents wear when operating below the weld point. For many competing greases, the LWI can generally fall between 50 and 100, but Krytox™ greases typically have an LWI well above 100, further illustrating how Krytox™ grease can outperform most competitive greases in both extreme pressure and extreme condition performance.

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

The Test of Time

PFPEs outlasted hydrocarbons in the ASTM D-3336 test, which evaluates the endurance life of greases in ball bearings by rotating a bearing at a set speed and temperature. At 10,000 revolutions per minute (rpm) and about 177 °C (350 °F), all tested hydrocarbon lubricants failed in less than 1,000 hours. Krytox™ AUT 2E45 grease performed for more than 25,000 hours–the equivalent of almost three years–without failing. The test was stopped before the lubricant failed.

ASTM D-3336 – PFPE/PTFE Grease Life in Ball Bearings

failing. The test was stopped before the lubricant failed. ASTM D-3336 – PFPE/PTFE Grease Life in

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

Case Study: Copper Rod Manufacturer’s Experience

Before using PFPEs, a copper rod manufacturer believed lubricating its rollers’ bearings (operating temperatures over 200 °C [400 °F]) every four hours with a synthetic hydrocarbon grease was the longest lasting solution available. By switching to a PFPE lubricant (Krytox™ XHT-BDX lubricant), they lowered re-lubrication to a monthly basis and cut annual bearing failures by nearly 98% (reducing replacements from 186 bearings each year to four). By switching to PFPEs, this copper rod manufacturer reduced maintenance costs, parts costs, and production downtime.

By switching to a PFPE lubricant, a copper rod manufacturer lowered re-lubrication to a monthly basis and cut annual bearing failures by nearly 98%, reducing replacements from 186 bearings each year to just four.

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

The Choice is Clear

Traditionally, PFPEs have been only considered for applications running in extreme conditions. Today, more customers are realizing the benefits of PFPE lubrication in the more mundane applications where they had never been considered before. Krytox™ lubricants, a type of PFPE, provide exceptional value in use across a wide range of applications.

High performing PFPE lubricants cost more per unit than hydrocarbon lubricants; however, the exceptional benefits of PFPE outweigh the costs: PFPEs cut maintenance costs, reduce part replacement costs, and help reclaim lost opportunity.

Estimate Whether You Should Switch to PFPEs

1. Calculate Staff Opportunity Cost Estimate the time your company spends on maintaining lubricated parts. (What if the personnel were assigned elsewhere in the plant, if they did not

have to do re-lubrication?)

2. Estimate All the Maintenance Costs Add up all the costs of re-lubricating equipment, e.g., electric motors, including the cost of staff time, lubrication supplies, and part replacement.

3. Add Up the Opportunity Costs Estimate the amount of downtime caused by re-lubrication and unscheduled lubrication due to equipment failures. Then, estimate the value of the product your company could have produced. Multiply the product sales volume by your product gross margin amount.

4. Contact a PFPE Manufacturer or Supplier For example, Chemours, which manufactures Krytox™ lubricants, to calculate the savings available by switching to PFPE lubricants.

Discover the Secret of Lasting Lubricant Selection

About Krytox™ PFPE Lubricants

Krytox™ lubricants are Chemours’ line of high quality PFPE oils and greases, which have been proven to offer long- term performance and superior value. These lubricants are PFPEs, resulting in exceptional chemical stability. Therefore, they are thermally stable, nonflammable, and insoluble in water, acids, bases, and most organic and all non-fluorinated solvents.

Chemours is ISO 9001and ISO 14001 certified and NSF H-1 for selected grades of Krytox™ lubricants.

For more products and information, visit Krytox.com/MROLubes, or call a Krytox™ technical expert:

In the U.S. and Canada Outside the

1-800-424-7502

1-302-773-1000

U.S. and Canada Outside the 1-800-424-7502 1-302-773-1000 Performance Lubricants The attributes of Krytox™
U.S. and Canada Outside the 1-800-424-7502 1-302-773-1000 Performance Lubricants The attributes of Krytox™

Performance Lubricants

The attributes of Krytox™ lubricants include:

Performance over a wide temperature range Extreme heat or cold have no effect on the lubricity of these lubricants, effective from -75 °C to greater than 400 °C (-103 °F to 752 °F), depending upon operating conditions and product grade.

Resistant to chemical attack Krytox™ lubricants withstand oxygen, acids, and other aggressive substances.

Low evaporation Krytox™ lubricants—within the recommended temperature ranges— experience almost zero evaporation or chemical changes over the many years of a machine’s service life.

Compatibility Krytox™ lubricants won’t harm painted surfaces or most elastomeric materials. They are compatible with almost every material they may contact.

are compatible with almost every material they may contact. The information set forth herein is furnished

The information set forth herein is furnished free of charge and based on technical data that Chemours believes to be reliable. Chemours makes no warranties, express or implied, and assumes no liability in connection with any use of this information. Nothing herein is to be taken as a license to operate under or a recommendation to infringe any patents or trademarks.

© 2017 The Chemours Company FC, LLC. Krytox™ and any associated logos are trademarks or copyrights of The Chemours Company FC, LLC. Chemours™ and the Chemours Logo are trademarks of The Chemours Company.

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