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Vincenza Bianco
Anna Gentile

TRIGGER IN
English for Electricity, Electronics
& Electrotechnics

Teacher’s book
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Realizzazione editoriale:
ART Servizi Editoriali s.r.l. – Bologna

Progetto editoriale: Massimo Manzoni


Coordinamento editoriale: Cinzia Bisognin
Redazione e ricerca iconografica:
Cinzia Bisognin
Progetto grafico e impaginazione:
Angela Ragni
Disegni: Alessandra Rigoni
Realizzazione CD audio: Mondial Sound,
Milano

Incisione lastre mediante CTP:


Fotoincisa Effegi, Savigliano (CN)
Stampa: Edizioni Il Capitello, Torino

PROPRIETÀ LETTERARIA RISERVATA

L’Editore, nell’ambito delle leggi internazionali


sul copyright, è a disposizione degli aventi
diritto non potuti rintracciare.

I diritti di traduzione, di riproduzione


e di adattamento, totale o parziale, con qualsiasi
mezzo, compresi microfilm e copie fotostatiche,
sono riservati per tutti i paesi.

1a edizione: settembre 2013

Ristampa:
5 4 3 2 1
2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

L’Editore e gli Autori hanno rispettato


le indicazioni di Progetto Polite
“Pari opportunità e libri di testo”.

© Edizioni Il Capitello
Via Sansovino, 243/22/R
10151 Torino
telefono 011-4513611
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TEACHER’S BOOK

Struttura del corso


Il testo è finalizzato all’apprendimento della microlingua inglese, in stretta relazione con le materie
tecniche che fanno parte del curriculum scolastico. Esso ha quindi, come obiettivo primario,
l’acquisizione dei termini d’uso corrente inseriti in contesti linguistici mirati.
Lo studente viene introdotto agli argomenti proposti progressivamente, con letture brevi e
semplici, in modo da assimilare il vocabolario generale e specifico. Ogni lettura è seguita da esercizi
di comprensione del testo e di ampliamento del vocabolario. Sono compresi anche numerosi
esercizi di grammatica, le cui spiegazioni sono fornite in fondo al libro nella sezione grammaticale
di riferimento, in lingua italiana. Gli esercizi sono quasi tutti strutturati; si è inoltre cercato di
insegnare ad analizzare un testo attraverso la divisione in paragrafi e di sviluppare la capacità di
fare brevi riassunti.
Il testo comprende inoltre:
Test activities. Si tratta di attività legate agli argomenti tecnici trattati, con scopo pratico-educativo
mirante al rafforzamento delle competenze linguistiche. Tali attività rappresentano un diversivo e pro-
pongono, attraverso argomenti d’interesse personale degli studenti, la riflessione sulla realtà che li
circonda. Le attività si configurano come domande e risposte a scelta multipla, con punteggio finale.
Just for fun. Questo settore propone l’apprendimento del linguaggio tecnico attraverso il gioco.
Communication skills. Con queste attività viene proposto l’apprendimento della lingua parlata e
scritta attraverso conversazioni, telefonate, e-mail e lettere.

Programmazione didattica
La divisione modulare prevede che il primo e il secondo modulo siano svolti all’inizio; l’insegnante
può poi scegliere le letture secondo il proprio lavoro interdisciplinare con le materie di indirizzo.
Gli argomenti prescelti spaziano molto, lasciando l’insegnante – che non voglia impegnarsi in un
lavoro esclusivamente tecnico – libero di scegliere tra letture di attualità, civiltà e/o cultura
generale. Tutti gli argomenti trattati, provenienti da testi tecnico-scientifici, siti internet (come
www.howstuffworks.com), enciclopedie, giornali specialistici o riviste come Newsweek, sono stati
elaborati e semplificati.

Contenuto CD
Il CD comprende alcune letture del testo e brani da completare con parole comuni e di facile
intuizione. Le letture scelte riguardano gli argomenti fondamentali del corso di studio e i brani da
completare sono costituiti da dialoghi, conversazioni telefoniche e interviste.

Guida per l’insegnante


Il Teacher’s book comprende:
i test per le verifiche formative e sommative relative alle singole unità didattiche;
le soluzioni dei test di verifica;
alcuni esempi di terza prova per gli Esami di Stato;
le chiavi degli esercizi del libro di testo.

I test per le verifiche contengono anche esercizi che si riferiscono alle letture del testo.

3
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TEACHER’S BOOK

MODULE 1 Electricity
UNIT 2 Electricity applications (30 items) TEST A

Ex 1 Complete the passage with the words listed below. Score......../7 marks
........

Direct current 1 ................................. in one direction in a circuit. DC voltage has a fixed


2 ................................. , that means that the magnitude of the current doesn’t change. In an electric 3
................................. , the symbol of the flow of the electric current has the shape of an

4 ................................. . The conventional direction of the current flows from the positive terminal of
the 5 ................................. towards the negative one. This is the most common way to show the
direction of a current 6 ................................. . But the real direction of an electric current is the
opposite way, that is from the negative terminal of the battery to the 7 ................................. terminal.

a-arrow b-flows c-positive d-battery e-circuit f-flow g-polarity

Ex 2 Complete the passage with the words listed below. Score......../7 marks
........

Alternating current flows in 1 ................................. directions: first to one direction, then it takes the
opposite direction. The same definition applies to alternating 2 ................................. . AC voltage
switches the polarity back and forth. AC voltage/current has a 3 ................................. which represents
the frequency of the source. AC is obtained from AC 4 ................................. . Heat can be obtained by
all types of electric 5 ................................. , due to the flow of the electric current, as an
6 ................................. effect. DC produces more 7 ................................. in a circuit than AC.

a-unwanted b-both c-heat d-generators e-wave form f-voltage g-circuits

ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION - THE GRID


Ex 3 Choose a , b or c . Score......../5 marks
........

1 Resistance causes 4 A low voltage is used


a an increase in energy. a in big factories.
b a production of energy. b in houses and offices.
c a loss in energy. c in industries.

2 When electricity is at high voltage, 5 The need of energy


a the waste of energy diminishes. a is always the same.
b the waste of energy increases. b depends on weather conditions.
c there is no waste of energy. c varies according to the hours of the day.

3 A step up transformer
a brings the voltage up to 400,000 volts.
b brings the voltage up to 100,000 volts.
c brings the voltage up to 200,000 volts.

4
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MODULE 1 ELECTRICITY

Ex 4 Complete the following description of some Score......../6 marks


........

electric devices by using the words given in pairs and in scrambled order.
1 A generator .................................... mechanical energy into .................................... energy.
2 A voltmeter .................................... in .................................... the potential differences between two points.
3 A resistor is a .................................... or material which .................................... the flow of current.
4 A transformer .................................... AC current into .................................... current and vice versa.
5 A conductor is a .................................... or other medium that .................................... electrical current.
6 An ammeter .................................... the .................................... of the electric flow.

a-measures - magnitude b-device - opposes c-changes - DC


d-converts - electrical e-wire - carries f-measures - volts

Ex 5 Choose among the words in brackets to obtain Score......../5 ........ marks


comparative/superlative sentences.
1 The AC transmission is .................................... (more / less) suitable than the DC transmission.
2 Step up transformers produce .................................... (higher / lower) voltages.
3 During the night there is .................................... (more / less) need for current.
4 Edison is the scientist who patented the ......................... (highest / lowest) number of inventions.
5 Electricity is .................................... (the most / the least) important invention of the 19th century.

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../30 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 3 Electromagnetism (30 items) TEST B

HOW ELECTROMAGNETISM WORKS - INDUCED CURRENT


Ex 1 Fill in the gaps. Score......../8 marks
........

In order to make a magnet, you need a 1 .................................................... , a 2 .................................................... and a


3 .................................................... . In an electric magnet, when the current is turned 4 ................................................
, magnetism turns 5 .................................................... as well. Iron is not a 6 .................................................... magnet.
The DC makes the 7 .................................................... rotate in a specific direction.
When AC is applied to the magnetic field, the polarity 8 .................................................... .

a-off b-magnetic field c-wire d-reverses e-off f-permanent g-battery h-nail

Ex 2 Choose a , b or c to obtain Score......../4 marks


........

a meaningful sentence.
1 The induced current is
a produced by a wire.
b produced by a magnetic field.
c produced by some special material.
2 If a wire is stationary and the magnetic field changes,
a a current is produced.
b a current is not produced.
c the wire must be placed far from the magnet.
3 In order to induce current in a coil of wire,
a no nails are needed.
b a magnet should be placed inside it.
c no magnets are required.
4 When you connect a current carrying coil to a galvanometer,
a the current is excluded.
b the galvanometer’s pointer moves to the right.
c the galvanometer’s pointer doesn’t move.

Ex 3 Match the devices with their definitions. Score......../5 ........ marks


1 Generator a consists of a rotating magnet placed within a coil.
2 Dynamo b transforms electric energy into rotating energy.
3 Alternator c comes in two types: the first type consists of a rotating coil placed within
a magnet.
4 Motor d is a material which attracts iron objects.
5 Magnet e is an electric or electromechanical device producing alternating current in cars.

1 .................... 2 .................... 3 .................... 4 .................... 5 ....................

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MODULE 1 ELECTRICITY

TRANSFORMERS AND MICROPHONES


Ex 4 Choose between the words in brackets. Score......../9 ........ marks
1 In a dynamo the coils of wire are 1 ................................................ (stationary / moving).

2 A step up transformer has 2 ................................................ (more / less) turns of wire on the


3 ................................................ (secondary / primary) coil than on the 4 ................................................ (secondary /
primary) coil, because the voltage output is 5 ................................................ (higher / lower) than the volt-
age input, due to the larger turns of coil.

3 In a microphone, when 6 ................................................ (diaphragm / sound waves) coming from any


type of noise, voices, music, etc. hit a 7 ................................................ (sound waves / diaphragm), the
diaphragm affects the voltage in the coil which is placed inside.
When the coil moves backwards and forwards, such movement induces a 8 ................................................
(sound / current) changing at the same frequency as the 9 ................................................ (current / sound).

Ex 5 Change the following sentences from the active Score......../4 ........marks


into the passive form.
1 You should place your bed far from electromagnetic fields.

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

2 You should choose a bed with a wooden frame.

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

3 You must avoid mirrors as they reflect electromagnetic waves.

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4 You shouldn’t keep your electrical appliances in stand by position during the night.

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../30 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 3 Electromagnetism (37 items) TEST C

NIKOLA TESLA (1856-1943)

Nikola Tesla was an ingenious inventor and an eccentric


personality. For instance, he never stayed in a hotel room
or floor whose number was divisible by three, and had a sort
of phobia for women wearing earrings.
Tesla’s fame came, especially, from his invention of the
alternating current motor. He believed that the alternate
current was superior to Edison’s direct current. The alternating
current can be altered or converted, in order to be adapted to
a variety of situations. If the voltage is increased and made quite
high, then the current necessary for a specific level of power
is low, thus involving some energy saving. That’s why the power
lines running across the countryside are at very high voltages.
There was, and there still is, a dispute about the scientist who invented the radio: Marconi
or Tesla? Actually Tesla worked with radio-frequency electromagnetic waves, that is the radio
that we know today.
He also worked out the power generating system of the Niagara Falls, where a small statue
of Tesla is kept perpetually lit.

Ex 1 Choose if the following statements Score......../5 marks


........

are T (true) or F (false).


T F
1 Tesla used to wear earrings.

2 He was convinced that the alternate current was


better than the direct current.

3 A high voltage is required for long distance transmission.

4 Tesla and Edison shared the same ideas about current.

5 Niagara Falls’ power system is due to Marconi.

Ex 2 Complete the passage with the verbs listed below. Score......../7 marks
........

Tesla 1 .................................... the alternating current motor. He was 2 .................................... that the alternating
current 3 .................................... better than the direct current. Differently from DC, AC 4 .......................................
be 5 .................................... , so that it can be 6 .................................... to many different situations. When the
voltage is high, the current 7 .................................... for a specific level of power is low.

a-converted b-required c-convinced d-can e-invented f-applied g-was

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MODULE 1 ELECTRICITY

Ex 3 Complete the passage with the words listed below. Score......../7 marks
........

When the current required is low, some energy saving is 1 .............................................. . If a low current
2 .............................................. long wires, it will become very efficient. That’s why the power lines
3 .............................................. across the countryside are at very high 4 .............................................. .
Who 5 .............................................. the radio? Marconi or Tesla? The dispute is still 6 .............................................. .
What we can say is that both Marconi and Tesla were great 7 .............................................. .

a-running b-scientists c-existing d-goes through e-obtained f-invented g-voltage

Ex 4 List the phrases below in their correct order to obtain Score......../9 marks
........

a passage about an experiment on electromagnetism. Start with number 3 and


end with number 11.

1 around a nail.
2 that the nail
3 Wrap an insulated wire
4 through the wire
5 and you will see
6 Send electrical current
7 will become highly magnetized.
8 as a bare wire
9 Don’t forget that the wire
10 must be insulated
11 would short out.

3 ............................................................................. 11

MICHAEL FARADAY - INDUCED CURRENT


Ex 5 Fill in the gaps with the adverbs and the prepositions Score......../9 marks
........

listed below.
1 Faraday suspended a magnet and showed that it rotated 1 ................................. a current bearing wire.

2 There is a relation 2 ................................. the mass of a substance produced at an electrode


3 ................................. electrolysis and the quantity of electricity that has passed 4 ................................. this mass.

3 When a current flows 5 ................................. a wire, it produces a magnetic field.

4 There isn’t any difference if a wire moves 6 ................................. a magnet or a magnet


7 ................................. a wire, as long as they move in relation to each other.

5 When a magnet moves 8 ................................. and 9 ................................. a coil of wire, a current will be
induced in it.

a-towards b-near(2) c-around d-during e-inside f-between g-through (2)

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../37 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 4 Electricity production (46 items) TEST D

JAMES WATT
Ex 1 Write the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. Score......../16 marks
........

James Watt, the son of a merchant, was born in Greenock, Scotland, in 1736. At the age of
nineteen Watt 1 ........................................ (be sent) to Glasgow to learn the trade of a mathematical-
instrument maker.
In 1763 Watt was sent a “Newcomen steam engine” to repair it. Watt 2 ........................................
(discover) how he 3 ........................................ (can) make the engine more efficient, then he
4 ........................................ (work) on the idea for several months and eventually 5 ........................................
(produce) a steam engine that 6 ........................................ (cool) the used steam in a condenser
separated from the main cylinder. James Watt was not a wealthy man, so he
7 ........................................ (decide) to look for a partner with money. John Roebuck, the owner of a
Scottish ironworks, 8 ........................................ (agree) to provide financial support for Watt’s project.
When Roebuck 9 ........................................ (go) bankrupt in 1773, Watt 10 ........................................ (take) his
ideas to Matthew Boulton, a successful businessman from Birmingham. For the next eleven
years Boulton’s factory 11 ........................................ (produce) and 12 ........................................ (sell) Watt’s
steam-engines. These machines 13 ........................................ (be) mainly used to pump water from
mines. Watt’s machine was very popular because it was four times more powerful than those
that 14 ........................................ (have) been based on the Thomans Newcomen design.
Watt compared his machine to a horse. He 15 ........................................ (calculate) that a horse
exerted a pull of 180 lb., therefore, when he 16 ........................................ (make) a machine, he
described its power in relation to a horse, i.e.: “a 20 horse-power (hp) engine”.

HOW A GAS POWER STATION WORKS


Ex 2 Put the following operations in the correct order, Score......../7 ........ marks
starting from number 1 and ending with number 5.

1 Methane is mixed with compressed air coming from the compressor.


2 at a very high temperature.
3 Such mixture is sent to the combustion chamber where gas is produced
4 The electricity, so obtained, is then sent to the transmission grid
5 through a transformer, which steps it up from 20 to 380 kV to avoid energy loss.
6 The shaft of the turbine is connected to a generator,
7 so that the gas turbine turns.
8 Then, the gas is sent towards the gas turbine
9 which transform rotational energy into electricity.

1 ............................................................................. 5

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MODULE 1 ELECTRICITY

Ex 3 Then continue starting from number 6 and ending Score......../6 marks


........

with number 3.
1 and sent back to the steam turbine.
2 where unwanted by-products are collected,
3 as they can produce greenhouse effect.
4 from the turbine to a vapour recover generator.
5 Part of it is recycled
6 At this point, the exhaust gas is sent
7 The exhaust fumes are eliminated through a chimney,
8 after passing through a filtering system,

6 ............................................................................. 3

HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION


Ex 4 Complete the passage with the words listed below. Score......../9 ........ marks

The main source of 1 ................................................. energy is the 2 ................................................. . Thanks to the


sun, the wind blows and the rain falls, thus feeding oceans and rivers.
A large river which falls down in a 3 ................................................. can generate 4 ................................................. .
When the valley is flooded, a large 5 ................................................. of water is created.
The power of 6 ................................................. can also be collected to produce electricity. The tidal
process utilizes the natural 7 ................................................. of the tides to fill reservoirs, which are then
slowly 8 ................................................. through electricity-producing 9 ................................................. .

a-steep slope b-hydroelectricity c-discharged d-renewable e-reservoir


f-sun g-motion h-turbines i-tides

Ex 5 Complete the passage with the words listed below. Score......../8 ........ marks

Hydroelectricity is obtained from the 1 ................................................. of rivers, by exploiting the


potential 2 ................................................. of 3 ................................................. . When the water stored behind a
4 ................................................. is released, at high pressure, its 5 ................................................. energy is, then,
channelled down towards turbine 6 ................................................. which turn and drive the
7 ................................................. to produce 8 ................................................. .

a-dam b-kinetic c-electricity d-damming e-blades f-energy g-generator h-water

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../46 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 5 Energy sources (35 items) TEST E

RENEWABLE ENERGY
Ex 1 Fill in the gaps with the appropriate prepositions. Score......../8 ........ marks
The sun’s energy can be captured and harnessed. There are three main ways 1 ...................................
(of / to / for) doing this:
Passive solar energy ensures that a building captures the sun’s energy and reduces
the need 2 ................................... (at / for / to) artificial light and heating.
Solar water heating converts solar radiation 3 ................................... (from / to / into) heat which
can be used directly or stored.
Photovoltaics (PV) convert sunlight 4 .................................... (by / into / at) electricity.
The use of wind as a renewable energy resource involves harnessing the power 5 ............................
(at / from / by) moving air. Wind represents a vast source of energy which man has harnessed
6 ................................... (for / into / at) hundreds of years.
Tidal energy exploits the natural tides and flow 7 ................................... (to / of / in) coastal tidal
waters caused principally 8 ................................... (from / by / to) the interaction of the gravitational
fields of the Earth-Moon-Sun system.

Ex 2 Match the words in list A with their definitions in list B . Score......../6 marks
........

A B

1 Coal, gas oil and peat ................ a is usually found at the top of the pockets of oil.
2 Coal ................ b comes from the heat within the earth.
3 Gas ................ c come from the sun.
4 Uranium ................ d was formed by the decomposition of plants
which existed millions of years ago.
5 Geothermal energy ................ e is a non-fossil fuel, used in nuclear fission

reactors to produce heat.


6 Renewable energy sources ................ f are fossil fuels.

Ex 3 Complete the definitions by using the words listed below. Score......../8 ........ marks
The direct method includes solar 1 ................................... , photovoltaic 2 ................................... and
concave 3 ................................... .

The indirect method exploits natural phenomena due to 1 ................................... , blowing


2 ................................... , 3 ................................... waves, sea 4 ...................................
and falling 5 ................................... .

Direct method: mirrors - collectors - plants


Indirect method: sea - sun - water - wind - tides

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MODULE 1 ELECTRICITY

Ex 4 Match the phrases in list A with the appropriate Score......../5 marks


........

phrases in list B .
A B
1 Groups of cells packaged in a frame are called: a photovoltaic cells.
b modules or panels.
c photo-light.
2 Photovoltaic means: a converting sunlight into electricity.
b converting electricity into sunlight.
c converting cells into a packaged frame.
3 Photovoltaic cells are made of a conductor material.
b semiconductor material.
c insulator material.
4 When the energy strikes the electrons, a they don’t accelerate.
b they slow down.
c they flow freely.
5 By placing a metal contact on the top a the current can be used externally.
and bottom of a PV cell, b the current stops flowing.
c the current flows.
1............. 2............. 3............. 4............. 5.............

SOLAR ENERGY FOR PRIVATE USE


Producing electricity for private use by photovoltaic cells could be indispensable in places which are
situated far from the electricity grid. Mounting our private electricity plant can be done if we are far
from the electricity supply, or close to it. The first type of plant is called “stand alone”, the second one
is called “grid connected”, because the plant can be connected to the electricity grid which can supply
the current, if our personal plant is not enough for our needs.We will place, on the roof, a sufficient
number of photovoltaic modules, with the appropriate inclination and pointing towards the South.
The panels will be connected one to the other in series or in parallel. It is better to connect them in
parallel because, if a cell fails to work, the others will continue to produce electricity. The panels will be
connected to a charge controller, which will send direct current to the DC loads. As the current
coming from panels is DC, an inverter will change DC into AC for the AC loads. Current can be
accumulated in a battery to be used at night. At this point, you’ll have free electricity from the panels,
which should last about thirty years.

Ex 5 Answer the following questions. Score......../8 marks


........

1 Where is producing solar electricity for 4 Why is it more convenient to connect


private use indispensable? panels in parallel?
2 What is the difference between 5 What are panels connected to?
“stand alone” and “grid connected”? 6 Why is an inverter used?
3 Where should photovoltaic modules 7 Where can current be accumulated and why?
be oriented towards? 8 How long can panels last?

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../35 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

MODULE 2 Physics and scientists


UNIT 1 The language of physics and mathematics (34 items) TEST F

NEWTON’S THREE LAWS


Ex 1 True or False? Score......../10 ........ marks
T F
1 Inertia is the property of a body to resist any change.

2 Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity compared to time.

3 Interaction is the process in which two or more bodies exert


mutual forces on each other.
4 Newton proved that planets are held in place by the earth’s gravity.

5 If you suspend a heavy mass from a coil made of metal wire, the wire
will extend.
6 Gravitation is the mutual attraction among masses in the Universe.

7 Unlike Galileo, Newton realized that mathematics was


the means to prove that planets revolve around the Sun.
8 When shooting, a gun pushes backwards, due to the law of interaction.

Now correct the false ones. ................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OHM AND ELECTRICAL CONCEPTS


Ex 2 Match the following concepts of electricity with Score......../6 ........marks
their definitions.

a Resistance b Resistivity c Inductance d Conductance e Capacitance f Impedance

1 ...................................................................... is the total opposition that a circuit shows in alternating current.


2 ...................................................................... is the opposition that a device or a material offers to the flow of
direct current.
3 ...................................................................... is the ratio of the emf (generated by electromagnetic induction)
to the rate of change of current.
4 ................................................................ is the electrical resistance offered by a material to the current flow.
5 ...................................................................... is the reciprocal of resistance. It states the ability of a circuit to
conduct electricity.
6 ...................................................................... is the ratio of the charge on one of the conductors of a
capacitor to the potential difference between the conductors.

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MODULE 2 PHYSICS AND SCIENTISTS

Ex 3 Language focus. Fill in the table below. Score......../8 ........marks


Verb General concept Specific ability Device which does
the action of the verb
resist resistance 1 .......................................................... 2 ..........................................................

3 .............. 4 .......................................................... conductivity 5 ..........................................................

x capacitance x 6 ..........................................................

7 .............. 8 .......................................................... x inductor

Ex 4 Who is the scientist? Match numbers with letters. Score......../6 ........marks


1 Science ................ a The study of the properties of matter and energy.
2 Physics ................ b Someone who investigates the principles of knowledge
in some field of science.
3 Theory ................ c An idea which is considered as a possible explanation of facts.
4 Hypothesis ................ d An idea, doctrine or system not yet tested by practical
experience.
5 Experiment ................ e Any branch of knowledge based on the systematic observation
of facts in order to formulate general laws and hypotheses.
6 Scientist ................ f A test to verify a theory or to discover new facts.

Ex 5 Answer the following questions. You can look in your book. Score......../4 ........marks
1 What are Newton’s laws about?
.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

2 What did Newton call the force of attraction exerted by the Earth?
.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

3 What is Ohm’s first law about?


.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4 Write down the formula of Ohm’s second law.


.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../34 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 2 From philosophy to experience (36 items) TEST G

ALESSANDRO VOLTA
Ex 1 Answer the following questions. Go to the passage Score......../5 marks
........

on Alessandro Volta in your book.


1 What was Volta’s main invention?
2 Which animal did Volta especially use for his experiments, after Galvani’s experiments?
3 What did Volta use to detect current, as he didn’t have the appropriate instruments?
4 Which combination of materials produced the biggest effect in terms of electric current?
5 Which type of fish could deliver a powerful electric shock?

LECLANCHÉ CELL
Ex 2 Put the phrases below in their correct order by filling in Score......../4 ........ marks
the missing numbers below.
1 which is surrounded by a mixture 6 is situated in the centre of the cell
2 The carbon rod 7 and manganese dioxide
3 The Leclanché cell 8 of carbon powder
4 and forms the positive pole. 9 which acts as depolariser.
5 consists of a carbon rod

3 ................. 1 ................. 7 ................. 2 ................. 4

Ex 3 Fill in the gaps with the words listed below. Score......../7 ........ marks
The carbon rod and this mixture are within a porous 1 .......................................... bag, which is placed in
a zinc 2 .......................................... .
Between the 3 .......................................... container and the 4 .......................................... there is a paste of
5 .......................................... chloride and zinc 6 .......................................... which acts as the 7 .......................................... .

a-bag b-gauze c-chloride d-container e-electrolyte f-zinc g-ammonium

Ex 4 Fill in the gaps with the words listed below. Score......../7 ........ marks
A brass or plastic 1 .......................................... , sealed at the top of the carbon 2 .......................................... , acts as
the 3 .......................................... terminal and the zinc 4 .......................................... acts as a 5 .......................................... pole.
The 6 .......................................... of the cell is closed with a sealing compound, which makes the cell leak
7 ..........................................

a-container b-proof c-cap d-positive e-top f-negative g-rod

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MODULE 2 PHYSICS AND SCIENTISTS

BATTERIES
Ex 5 Decide if the following statements are T (true) Score......../7 ........ marks
or F (false), then write the correct version of the false ones.
T F
1 In a battery, electrical energy is converted into chemical energy.
2 In a battery, a current flow is caused by connecting the same metals.
3 Primary cell batteries can’t be replenished.
4 A carbon zinc battery can be re-used.
5 Lead acid storage batteries can be recharged.

Now, correct the false ones. ........................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ex 6 GENERAL TEST. Answer the following questions Score......../6 ........marks


referring to some important scientists.
1 Galileo proved that
a the sun revolves around the planets.
b planets revolve around the sun.
c the sun doesn’t move.

2 Newton proved the existence of


a electromagnetism.
b gravity.
c electricity.

3 Ohm proved
a the laws concerning voltage, current and resistance in an electric circuit.
b that the electric current can be obtained by a carbon filament.
c that gravity is due to the force of attraction of the Earth.

4 Galvani discovered that


a animals contain a type of electricity that makes the muscles jump.
b only very few animals contain electricity.
c only frogs contain electricity.

5 Volta obtained the direct current by


a connecting a wire to a frog.
b connecting frogs to a torpedo fish.
c connecting a wire to the top and bottom of discs made of zinc or silver.

6 Einstein explanation of relativity means that


a the speed of light remains constant in all frames of reference.
b the speed of light is never constant.
c the speed of light varies according to resistance.

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../36 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

MODULE 3 Electronics
UNIT 1 General electronics (32 items) TEST H

IDENTIFYING ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS


Ex 1 Decide if the following statements are T (true) Score......../6 marks
........

or F (false).
T F
1 Passive devices do not give amplification.
2 Passive devices only need a signal to perform their function.
3 A resistor is an active device.
4 Active devices control just the voltage.
5 Active devices have no brains.
6 Diodes are active devices.

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE ELECTRONICS COMPONENTS


Ex 2 Match the phrases in list A with the phrases in list B Score......../6 marks
........

to obtain meaningful sentences.


A B

1 A resistor is used ..................... a a very high resistivity.


2 A resistor has a wire lead ..................... b coming out of each end.
3 A surface mount resistor performs ..................... c determines how much charge it can store.
4 Carbon has ..................... d two conductors insulated each other by
a dialectric.
5 Capacitors are made of ..................... e to control current and voltage in a circuit.
6 The size of a capacitor ..................... f the same function as the simple resistor.

Ex 3 Match the phrases in list A with the phrases in list B Score......../6 marks
........

to obtain meaningful sentences.


A B

1 Inductors are used .................... a in one direction only.


2 Diodes let current flow .................... b have substituted valves.
3 When a LED is lit, it means .................... c in AC circuits.
4 Transistors .................... d have tons of pins inside them.
5 A transistor is made of .................... e that the machine is on.
6 Integrated circuits .................... f semiconductor material.

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MODULE 3 ELECTRONICS

THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


Ex 4 Chose a , b or c . Score......../5 ........marks
1 When did the third Industrial Revolution appear?
a in the 18th century.
b in the second half of the 19th century.
c in the 20th century.
2 Which branch of science are x-rays especially employed in?
a Physics.
b Medicine.
c Geology.
3 When did the first “general purpose computer” appear?
a in the 1940s.
b in the 1950s.
c in the 1960s.
4 When was a vacuum tube capable of detecting and amplifying radio signals developed?
a at the end of the 20th century.
b at the beginning of the 20th century.
c in the middle of the 20th century.
5 When was the first transistor produced?
a in the 1960s.
b in the 1950s.
c in the 1940s.

ELECTRONICS
Nowadays we use a huge amount of electronic appliances. Our houses, as well as offices,
factories, firms, shops, use computers as an essential instrument to perform any task.
Nowadays we are familiar with terms like e-commerce, e-mail, e-education and we are used to
navigate the Internet for anything we need: from booking air or train tickets, to checking our
current account and performing operations on our on line bank. Moreover, we can communicate
with people living in any area of the world through the chat lines.
However, does it make our lives easier or just the opposite?

Ex 5 Express your own opinion in no more than 30 words. Score......../9 ........ marks
Write about your personal use of the computer: ..........................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

E-appliances that you normally use: .........................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

An example of how electronics makes our lives easier:..............................................................................................


.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../32 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 2 Digital electronics (40 items) TEST I

ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL SYSTEMS


Ex 1 Complete the following definitions with the phrases Score......../6 marks
........

given below.
1 What does “analogue” mean? Analogue means ...........................................................................................

2 What does “digital” mean? Digital is a system whose data .........................................................

3 What are truth tables for? In a truth table we ......................................................................................

4 What does 1/0 correspond to? 1/0 corresponds to .......................................................................................

5 What are “logic gates”? Logic gates transform logic instructions of truth
table .........................................................................................................................
6 What is a gate called when
the input is 1 and the output is 0? It is called a ........................................................................................................

a-sum up true and false statements b-similar to c-into switching on and off ectrical signals
d-switching on/off e-NOT gate f-are given in digits.

Ex 2 Complete the AND gate below, which corresponds Score......../5 marks


........

to the following situation: If it is sunshine and if my parents give me the car, then
I will go to the beach.
a b c
It is sunshine My parents don’t give me the car I won’t go to the beach F0
It is raining My .......................................................... the car I won’t go to the beach F0
It is raining My ................................................ me the car I ................ go to the beach F0
It is sunshine My .......................................................... the car I ........................................................... T1

CONVENTIONAL AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS


Ex 3 Chose a , b or c . Score......../5 ........ marks
1 The electronic components 4 A chip is made of
of a conventional electronic circuit a insulated material.
a are joined together. b conductor material.
b are separated. c semiconductor material.
c are very big. 5 Chips are generally in
2 The electronic components are linked by a one package.
a iron wires. b two packages.
b copper wire. c three packages.
c no wires.
3 A breadboard can be made of
a plastic.
b aluminium.
c silver.

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MODULE 3 ELECTRONICS

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
Ex 4 Decide if the following statements are T (true) Score......../5 ........ marks
or F (false).
T F
1 Integrated circuits have a few possibilities of application.
2 An amplifier increases the voltage, current or power of a signal.
3 An oscillator converts AC into DC waveform.
4 Switching circuits are two-state devices.
5 Decision-making circuits have no memory.

MICROPROCESSOR
Ex 5 Fill in the gaps with the words listed below. Score......./13 .......marks
The microprocessor is a logic integrated circuit 1 ................................. which receives instructions by
a different 2 ................................. device and carries out a sequence of operations. It cannot work
alone, because it doesn’t have a large 3 ................................. and it needs to be supported by other
4 ................................. such as a keyboard or a 5 ................................. in a computer.
Most processors are also called 6 ................................. , that is Central Processing Unit.
Generally a processor has multiple 1/0 ports, which are 7 ................................. where other external
input devices can be connected.
To work properly, the processor needs to have a 8 ................................. . It receives the instructions from
the 9 ................................. , decodes them to arrange the processing circuitry, performs the
10 ................................. elaborating them and makes the results available at the 11 ................................. ports.
More complex microprocessors have a specialized memory, called 12 ................................. , to
accelerate the external 13 ................................. storage devices.

a-memory (2) b-mouse c-sockets d-devices e-input f-data g-instructions


h-memory chip i-CPU l-output m-cache memory n-chip

Ex 6 Decide if the following statements are T (true) Score......../6 ........ marks


or F (false).
T F
1 A microprocessor can perform operations without receiving instructions.
2 A microprocessor has a large memory.
3 A CPU has an internal logic circuit divided into three parts.
4 A cache memory accelerates the access to data storage devices
situated internally.
5 The most highly developed microprocessors have even 10 million transistors.
6 Micro-surgery will involve higher costs for the Health System.

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../40 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 3 Electronics applications (30 items) TEST J

SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS


Ex 1 Match the terms in list A with their functions in list B . Score......../7 ........ marks

A B

1 Transducers .................... a converts sunlight into electric current.


2 A microphone .................... b is a light emitting transducer.
3 A loudspeaker .................... c translate environment phenomena into
electrical signals.
4 An LED .................... d acts as an electro-acoustic transducer.
5 A thermistor .................... e acts as a sensor of temperature.
6 A photovoltaic cell .................... f is sensitive to changes in temperature.
7 A thermometer .................... g acts as a transducer which detects sounds and
converts them into electrical signals.

THE PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT


Ex 2 Change the following sentences from the active into Score......../6 ........marks
the passive form.
1 Shining light on suitable materials releases electrons.
......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

2 Metals such as potassium constitutes the inner coating of a photocell.


......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

3 Metals emit electrons when light of a suitable wavelength falls on the coating.
......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4 The positive terminal can attract electrons.


......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

5 The positive terminal produces a current in the outside circuit.


......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6 Photography and astronomy use a photocell as an illuminometer.


......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

THE SMOKE ALARM SYSTEM


Ex 3 Answer the following questions. Score......../5 ........marks
1 Where is a smoke alarm especially used?...............................................................................................................................
2 What does the acronym LED stand for? .................................................................................................................................

3 What does a photocell exposed to light generate? .....................................................................................................

4 Does an LED beam move straight on or does it deflect, in case of smoke? ............................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

5 What does the current, generated by a photocell, activate? ...............................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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MODULE 3 ELECTRONICS

AREAS ESPECIALLY AFFECTED BY NANOTECHNOLOGY


1 Famine could be eliminated by machines producing foods and water for the hungry populations
in developing countries.
2 In the field of medicine, nanotechnology can do a lot. Nanorobots programmed to destroy
and reconstruct the molecular structure of cancer cells and viruses in the safest way can be taken in
by patients. Nanosurgeons operate with extreme accuracy and precision, more than any surgeon.
3 Nanorobots could change your physical appearance. Nanorobots could be programmed to perform
cosmetic surgery, rearranging atoms to change ears, nose, eye colour or any other physical feature you
wish to change or improve.
4 Nanotechnology will create nanocomputers, a new generation of computer components of the tiniest
size. Molecular computers will be able to store trillions of bytes of information in a structure of the size
of a sugar cube.
5 Nanorobots could be programmed to rebuild the thinning ozone layer. Contaminants could be
automatically removed from water sources, and oil spills could be cleaned up instantly. Less pollution
will be produced thanks to nanotechnology.

Ex 4 Which paragraph refers to: Score......../5 marks


........

A Medicine? ....................

B Environment? ....................

C Helping the poor? ....................

D Physical aspect? ....................

E Informatics? ....................

Ex 5 Write down questions for the following answers. Score......../7 ........ marks

1 .......................................................................................................................................................? By machines producing foods.


2 ........................................................................................................? Yes, they can be more precise than any surgeon.
3 ................................................................................................................................................................? Your physical appearance.
4 How much ...................................................................................................................? Trillions of bytes of information.
5 ...................................................................................................................................? To rebuild the thinning ozone layers.
6 ..............................................................................................................................................................? They could destroy cancer.
7 ............................................................................................................................................................................................? Contaminants.

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../30 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

MODULE 4 Computer technology


UNIT 1 Computer hardware and software (37 items) TEST K
DEFINING A PC
Ex 1 Fill in the gaps by using the words listed below. Score......../9 marks
........

A Personal Computer is a general purpose information processing device. It can take information from
a person (through the 1 ................................................ and the mouse), from a device (like a floppy disk or a
2 ................................................) or from the network (through a 3 ................................................ or a network card) and
process it. Once processed, the information is shown to the user on the 4 ................................................ and
stored on a device, like a 5 ..................................................... or sent somewhere else on the 6 ................................................ .
We have lots of special-purpose processors in our lives. An MP3 Player is a specialized computer for
processing 7 ................................................ . It can’t do anything else. A GPS is a specialized computer for handling
8 ................................................ . It can’t do anything else. A 9 ................................................ is a specialized computer for
handling games, but it can’t do anything else. A PC can do it all because it is general-purpose.
a-keyboard b-hard disk c-GPS signals d-modem e-Gameboy
f-network g-monitor h-CD i-MP3 files

COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE
Ex 2 Match terms of computer language in list A with Score......../8 marks
........

their definitions in list B .


A B
1 Central Processing Unit (CPU) .............. a essential device for entering information
into the computer
2 Memory .............. b the “brain” of the computer
3 Motherboard .............. c basic software that allows the user to interface
with the computer
4 Hard disk .............. d storage used to hold data
5 Operating system .............. e main circuit board to which all internal
components are connected
6 Monitor .............. f essential device for displaying information from
the computer
7 Keyboard .............. g large capacity permanent storage used to hold
information, such as programs and documents
8 Mouse .............. h essential device for interacting with the
computer and for navigating the Internet

OPERATING SYSTEM
Ex 3 There are 9 mistakes in the passage. Circle them. Score......../9 marks
........

The hardware can be used only thanks from a software. An operating systems interfaces between
the hardware and the applications software. The supervisor program is keeped in memory and
controls the entire operating system. An operating system perform three mains functions:
1 it manages the computer resources such as: CPU, memory, disk drives and printers;
2 it connect the user to the Internet;
3 it performs and provides services for the applications software.
MS-DAS is an operating system which has be replaced by WINDOWS, the world-wide used software.
Microsoft has become a global monopoly and you have to buys the licence to have your computer work.

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MODULE 4 COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY

HACKERS AND CRACKERS


1 For many years, the media has erroneously applied the word hacker when it really means
cracker. So people in general believe that a hacker is someone who breaks into computer
systems. This is untrue and does a disservice to some of our most talented hackers. Although
some hackers have been a threat to computer systems in the past. Here are the general
definitions of hackers and crackers. You will realize that there are some remarkable differences
between them.
2 A hacker is a skilled person intensely interested in the arcane and recondite workings of any
computer operating system.
3 Most often, hackers are programmers. As such, hackers obtain advanced knowledge of
operating systems and programming languages. They may know of holes within systems and the
reasons for such holes.
4 Hackers constantly seek further knowledge, freely share what they have discovered and never
intentionally damage data.
5 A cracker is a person who breaks into or violates the system integrity of remote machines, with
malicious intent.
6 Crackers, having gained unauthorized access, destroy vital data, deny legitimate users service,
or basically cause problems for their targets. Crackers can easily be identified because they often
make mistakes, whereas virus writers cannot be easily identified and neither persecuted nor
convicted.

Ex 4 PARAGRAPHING. Match each paragraph of the passage Score......../5 ........marks


with the phrases below.
A What crackers usually do. ....................

B Hackers are skilled people. ....................

C The terms crackers and hackers ....................


are often mixed up.
D What hackers look for. ....................

E Hackers’ main interests. ....................

Ex 5 Answer the following questions. Score......../6 ........marks


1 Are the terms hacker and cracker often mixed up? ......................................................................................................

2 Can a hacker normally create programs? ................................................................................................................................

3 Are hackers ready to share what they discover with others? ................................................................................

4 Is a cracker dangerous for the computer system? ...........................................................................................................

5 What does a cracker normally do? ................................................................................................................................................

6 Can crackers be easily identified? ..................................................................................................................................................

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../37 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 2 Information technologies (33 items) TEST L

FILE SHARING PROGRAMS (from the web)


1 In 2000, the rise of Napster and similar file-sharing programs was a big event.
2 Napster is a legal music service that gives you, on-demand, the access to over 700,000 tracks
and the best way to enjoy, discover and share music for only $ 9.95 a month.
3 With these programs, you can get an MP3 version (a compression system for music) of any
song you want, without shelling out a dime.
4 The record companies were upset over this turn of events, as they weren’t making any money
off the distribution of their products to millions of people.
5 But there was money to be made on the “Napster revolution”, as in 2000 and early 2001, sales
of CD burners and blank CD-Recordable discs skyrocketed.
6 Suddenly, recording songs and making our owns CDs has become easy for anyone.

Ex 1 PARAGRAPHING. Match each paragraph of the passage Score......../6 ........marks


with the phrases below.
A Consequences of Napster on record companies. ....................

B An advantageous economic turn for sellers, in the field of CDs. ....................

C When Napster was born. ....................

D Good and easy possibility for anyone. ....................

E What is Napster? ....................

F Napster is used for MP3 version. ....................

Ex 2 Try to give an Italian translation for the following Score......../6 ........ marks
phrases. In some case, more than two or three words will be necessary
(you can use your dictionary).
1 A big event ........................................................................................................................................................................................................

2 Compression system ...................................................................................................................................................................................

3 Without shelling a dime ........................................................................................................................................................................

4 Turn of events .................................................................................................................................................................................................

5 Make money off distribution ............................................................................................................................................................

6 Sales of CD burners skyrocketed .....................................................................................................................................................

BILL GATES’ EARLY YEARS


William Gates III was born into an upper-middle-class family in Seattle, Washington. When he
reached school age his parents enrolled him at Lakeside School, a prestigious private school.
This is where Bill first fell in love with computers. In 1967 the Lakeside School Mothers Club held
a rummage sale to buy equipment for the school. One of the purchases made by this club was a
digital training terminal that was linked by phone to a computer at a local computer company.

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MODULE 4 COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY

Gates and a few of his friends formed a computer club they called the Lakeside Programming Group.
They soon began hanging out in the computer room day and night. Soon they began to think how to
make money with this incredible machine. One of Bill’s first programming attempts was a program for
Lakeside School timetable. He used this program to arrange schedules so he could be in classes with
the pretty girls. He earned $4,200 for a whole summer’s work on the program.
Bill’s obsession with programming got him into trouble. He and his friends were running up extremely
high bills with the computer company for the long hours they used the computer, so to alleviate this
problem they simply hacked into the company’s accounts and reduced the numbers of hours they had
used the computer. Of course, they got caught. They were kicked off the computer for six weeks.
When the boys were allowed back on the terminal, the school administrators decided to use their
curious obsession. They hired the boys to hunt for “bugs” in the system; they were paid for this job.

Ex 3 Match the phrases in list A with their Italian Score......../7 ........ marks
translations in list B .
A B
1 rummage sale .............. a ricercare errori di programma
2 schedule .............. b si introdussero nella contabilità della società
3 they began hanging out .............. c vennero sbattuti fuori
4 they were running up extremely .............. d cominciarono a ritrovarsi continuamente
high bills
5 hacked into the company’s accounts .............. e causavano bollette estremamente alte
6 they were kicked off .............. f vendita di beneficienza
7 to hunt for bugs .............. g orario/programma

Ex 4 Decide between T (true) and F (false). Score......./10 .......marks


T F
1 Bill Gates was born in a poor family.
2 When Bill first joined Lakeside School, computers were not used yet.
3 Computers were for Bill Gates “love at first sight”.
4 Classes scheduling was forbidden to students.
5 Bill Gates and his friends had to pay for the phone bills.
6 Bill falsified the school phone bill account.
7 Bill and his friend were paid by the school to search for bugs.

Ex 5 Make meaningful sentences from elements given Score......../4 ........ marks


in scrambled order.
1 is / service / legal / a / Napster .........................................................................................................................................................
2 music / for / system / MP3 / a / compression / is ...............................................................................................................
3 were / companies / for / record / upset / events / the .................................................................................................
4 a CD / average / can / people / make ........................................................................................................................................

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../33 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 2 Information technologies (31 items) TEST M

CD BURNERS
An external CD drive is also called a CD burner. With this type of drive, you can take music or
data files from your computer and make your own CDs.
With Acoustica MP3 CD Burner you can burn 200 songs on a CD-RW or 1000 songs on a
DVD, or burn normal music CDs for your car or home stereo.
You can make your own mega mixes with Acoustica MP3 CD Burner version 3.0. Today,
writable CD drives (CD burners) are standard equipment in new PCs, and more and more audio
enthusiasts are adding separate CD burners to their stereo systems.
In less than five years, CDs have eclipsed cassette tapes.
You can order your CD burner on line at the special price of $25.45. The cost of forwarding fees
is $ 2.10. If you want to buy a CD burner, the website is: www.acoustica.cd.com

Ex 1 Answer the following questions. Score......../5 ........ marks


1 What has happened to cassette tapes in these last years?
2 How many songs can you burn with Acoustica MP3 CD Burner?
3 What’s the price of a CD burner?
4 How many songs can you burn on a DVD?
5 How much are the forwarding fees?

Ex 2 Match the words in list A with the words in list B Score......./10 .......marks
with the same meaning.
A B
1 to eclipse ............... a elements
2 to add ............... b to obscure
3 to burn ............... c to mingle
4 to order ............... d kit
5 to buy ............... e to command/to request
6 to mix ............... f to make an increase
7 CD drive ............... g distinct
8 data ............... h to destroy by fire/to record
9 separate ............... l to purchase
10 equipment ............... m device capable of reading CDs

Ex 3 Make meaningful sentences from elements given Score......../4 ........ marks


in scrambled order.
1 order / your CD burner / on line / can / you ........................................................................................................................

2 can / burn / a CD-RW / you / 200 songs / on ........................................................................................................................


3 writable / are / equipment / today / CD drives / standard .......................................................................................
4 have / CDs / cassette tapes / nowadays / eclipsed ...........................................................................................................

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MODULE 4 COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY

Ex 4 Fill in the gaps with the words listed below. Score......../8 marks
........

Acoustica MP3 CD Burner is a useful 1 ............................................. by which you can 2 .............................................


200 songs on a CD-RW or 1000 songs on a 3 ............................................. .
Nowadays, 4 ............................................. CD drives (CD burners) are an 5 ............................................. equipment
in new PCs and more and more people are adding separate 6 ............................................. to their
7 ............................................. stereo systems. 8 ............................................. will probably disappear in less than
five years.

a-writable b-cassettes c-device d-CD burners e-DVD f-home g-burn h-indispensable

SYSTEMS OF COMPRESSION
The MP3 format is a compression system for music. The MP3 format reduces the number of
bytes in a song without affecting its sound quality. The goal of the MP3 format is to compress a
CD-quality song without noticeably affecting the CD-quality sound. With MP3, a 32-megabyte
(MB) song on a CD compresses down to about 3 MB. So, you can download a song in a few
minutes rather than hours and store hundreds of songs on your computer’s hard disk on a much
smaller space.

Ex 5 Answer the following questions. Score......../4 marks


........

1 What do you call the format used to compress sounds?


2 How many megabytes can a compressed song be reduced to?
3 What do you call the format to compress files?
4 What do you call the format to compress images?

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../31 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

MODULE 5 Systems and automation


UNIT 1 Automated systems applications (38 items) TEST N

WHAT IS A SYSTEM IN TECHNOLOGY?


Ex 1 Fill in the gaps with the words listed below. Score......../7 ........ marks
A system is a 1 ................................................ of sets which are usually 2 ................................................ when working for a
specific 3 ................................................ . Some car burglar 4 ................................................ systems are very complex. They
have a tracking 5 ................................................ and a computer on board to connect to the 6 ...............................................
station, where the exact 7 ................................................... where the car is located is easily detected.

a-police b-combination c-function d-radar e-separate f-place g-alarm

Ex 2 Fill in the gaps with the words listed below. Score......../7 ........ marks
A system designer is a professional person who analyses the problems and designs the
1 ................................................ to carry out.
The responsibility of 2 ........................................... in work places and any public place is up to the safety system
3 ............................................. . He and his 4 ............................................. organize the 5 ............................................. in case of fire.
The airplane 6 ................................................. uses information coming from flight instruments to make
continuous adjustments to the 7 .................................................. .

a-team b-system c-controls d-autopilot e-plan f-engineer g-safety

AUTOMATION
Automation comes from mechanization, that is machines working instead of men and women.
Automation includes machinery able to make decisions and have a self-controlling system.
Nowadays, the advances in digital electronics and computer science permit:
a) feedback control, b) machine programming, c) decision making.
Robots are more and more part of our lives and they can perform tasks, thanks to a feedback system
which allows them to regulate themselves and take decisions. Without a feedback system, robots would
be totally useless. The feedback system consists of performing operations in three steps: measuring,
evaluating and controlling. During the production process, each step is carefully controlled. Once
a semi-manufactured product has been checked by special sensors, information is sent back to
a computer, which compares data with those of the controller. If data correspond to the standard,
the process goes on to the next step, otherwise the by-product is eliminated.

Ex 3 Answer the following questions. Score......../6 ........marks


1 What did automation originate from? ....................................................................................................................................

2 What does digital electronics allow? .........................................................................................................................................

3 Where do robots take the necessary information to take decisions? ...........................................................

4 What are semi-manufactured products checked by? ...................................................................................................

5 What happens if semi-manufactured products’ data corresponds to a standard? ............................

6 What happens to a by-product if it doesn’t correspond to a standard? ....................................................

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MODULE 5 SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION

AUTOMATED SYSTEMS APPLICATION


Ex 4 There are 8 mistakes in the passage about the use Score......../8 ........marks
of the plural. Find them out and circle them.
Nowadays an automated systems is used in factories to perform repetitive tasks that mans and
womans normally did in the past. We can find an automated system in supermarkets and in any
place where a controlled system are required.
The autopilot is an examples of an automated system. Instructions from flying instruments allow a
plane to follow presets routes.
Industrial robots are largely used in olds factories. They can perform tasks in sequence. Robots are
becoming smarter and smarter and now they can make more and more sophisticated operation.

HOW AN EPOS (Electronic Point Of Sale) TILL WORKS


The checkout point of a supermarket consists of a conveyor belt, a scanner, a till connected to the
supermarket server, a display for credit card operations and a security arch through which the client
and the empty trolley must pass.
1 First the checkout operator scans the item on the scanner point.
2 Secondly the scanner reads the bar code.
3 Thirdly it converts the bar code into electrical pulse.
4 Then the scanner sends the pulses to the branch computer, which acts as a Server.
5 After that, the computer searches the stock file for a product matching the bar code,
6 then it records that the item has been sold,
7 and sends price and description to the EPOS till.
8 Next the till shows the price on the digital display
9 and prints the receipt.
10 Finally you pay the bill by credit card or cash.
11 When you forget something in the trolley, the arch alarm will ring.

Ex 5 Now rewrite the above instructions in the passive form. Score......./10 ....... marks
1 First the item is scanned on the scanner by the checkout operator.
2 Secondly ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................

3 Thirdly ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

5 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

7 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

8 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

10 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

11 .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../38 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 1 Automated systems applications (25 items) TEST O

FIRE EVACUATION PROCEDURE AT SCHOOL


During a fire, many people, especially
children, can panic. Making a Fire Safety
Evacuation Plan and practicing it twice
a year can insure that, if a fire does strike,
everyone will get out of a burning
building safely.
In school, fire safety is a very important
issue. The school management should take
steps to prevent fires and have the ability
to quickly extinguish small fires.
Dry chemical multi-purpose extinguishers
which can put out any type of fire, such
as wood, liquid and electrical fires, should
be positioned on every floor.
The computer rooms should also have
smoke detectors and a fire alarm. Of course, none of this is of any use if the teaching staff
and the other workers do not know how to use the equipment. That’s why once a year fire
safety officers should conduct a training seminar and give practical experience to the teachers
in putting out a fire. It is also important to have an evacuation plan in case of a major fire
in the school grounds.
Some useful advice in case of a fire:

Don’t rush out into the hallway.


Feel the door. If it is hot, use another way out.
If the door is cool, go through it and reach the nearest exit.
If your building has a public announcement system, listen carefully and follow directions.
Never use an elevator in case of a fire. Use the stairs.
Close all the doors behind you to slow the fire’s spread.
Get out and stay out.
Go directly to your planned meeting place and stay there.
If you think someone is trapped inside, inform the fire department.

Ex 1 Answer the following questions. Score......../4 ........marks


1 What can a Fire Safety Evacuation Plan ensure? .............................................................................................................

2 What should the school management do? ...........................................................................................................................

3 What is an extinguisher used for? ................................................................................................................................................

4 When should a training seminar be taken? .........................................................................................................................

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MODULE 5 SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION

Ex 2 Match the beginning of each sentence in list A Score......../9 ........ marks


with the correct ending in list B .
A B
1 Keep calm ............... a never use a lift.
2 If the door is hot, ............... b close doors behind you.
3 If you hear some recommendations ............... c is the meeting point.
from the loudspeaker,
4 If you are at the top floor, ............... d and don’t get into a panic.
5 Always use ............... e the stairs.
6 Don’t forget to ............... f don’t open it.
7 Once you are out, ............... g immediately inform the firemen.
8 The best place to go ............... h follow what is said.
9 If you know that someone is still inside, ............... i stay outside.

Ex 3 GRAMMAR FOCUS. Future tense: choose the correct Score......./12 .......marks


future tense given in brackets.
I’m so scared of fire that I’ve planned what to do in case of danger. I 1 .................................... (will /
shall / ‘m not going) to be taken aback (preso alla sprovvista), so I 2 .................................... (will not /
will / shan’t) follow my personal plan, but the school plan.
First of all I 3 .................................... (will / won’t / was) get into a panic and I 4 .................................... (won’t /
will / ‘m going to) look around me to find a way out. I 5 .................................... (won’t / will / shall)
waste time and certainly I 6 .................................... (shall / won’t / will) forget to close doors behind
me, so that flames and smoke 7 .................................... (won’t / shall / are going to) spread out. If
someone 8 ....................................
(will / won’t / is not going to) to get out because he/she is too scared to move, I 9 .................................
(‘m going to / won’t / will) try help by leading him/her outside.
As soon as I 10 .................................... (am / will be / shall be) outside, I 11 .................................... (will / won’t /
‘m going to) reach the other people and the firemen. Only at this point I 12 ....................................
(won’t / will / ‘m going to) feel safe.

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../25 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

ADIDAS 1 (18 items) TEST P

ADIDAS 1 - THE NEW “SMART SHOE”


Adidas 1 running shoe holds a microprocessor
built around a motor unit, along with a battery
that must be replaced after 100 hours.

“ADIDAS 1” is a sign of a growing connection


between sport and electronics. And then... if you
have enough money to buy those expensive
electronic sportswear which can guarantee you the
best performances, you will have more chances of
winning competitions. But... are you sure that you would
play fair?
“ADIDAS 1” is smart but not cheap! It will be put on the
market this winter with a price tag of $ 250.

(Abstract from The New York Times)

How it works
A microprocessor, embedded in the shoe’s arch, drives a tiny screw and cable system that
adjusts the heel cushion, based on signals sent back by a sensor attached to a magnet. The
system is powered by a battery that adjusts the shoe, while it is in the air during a runner’s
stride and avoids resistance from the ground.
In short, the designers say, these shoes can do whatever is needed to improve athletic
performance. They sense their environment electronically, calculate how best to perform in it,
and then instantly alter their physical properties to adapt to that environment.
The entire assembly weighs no more than 40 grams – just 10 percent of the 400-gram total
weight of the shoe, to keep it light enough for distance runners.

Ex 1 Match words and phrases to their Italian translations. Score......../5 marks


........

1 play fair ........... a andatura del corridore


2 embedded ........... b concorrere sportivamente
3 screw and cable system ........... c inserito
4 heel cushion ........... d sistema di fili e viti
5 runner’s stride ........... e cuscinetto del tacco

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MODULE 5 SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION

Ex 2 Choose a , b or c . Score......../6 marks


........

1 Adidas 1 allows you to


a run less comfortably.
b improve your performances.
c avoid wearing socks.
2 A microprocessor is
a attached to the upper part of the shoe.
b tied up to the heel.
c inserted into the heel.
3 The microprocessor acts
a when the shoe doesn’t touch the ground.
b when the runner is resting.
c when the shoe touches the ground.
4 Adidas 1
a adjusts to the environment.
b adjusts to changeable weather.
c adjusts to weight.
5 Adidas 1 is
a cheap.
b heavy.
c light.
6 One battery lasts
a the time of a foot race.
b more than 80 hours.
c less than 80 hours.

Ex 3 Complete the sentences with the verbs below. Score......../7 ........ marks
Three years have been necessary to producers 1 ................................................................ Adidas 1, which is expected
to be in shops very soon. You need a tidy sum 2 ................................................................ Adidas 1, but you’ll have
good chances to win foot races as Adidas 1 is designed 3 ................................................................ your best athletic
possibilities. In fact, 4 ................................................................ athletes’ performances, Adidas 1 uses electronics
devices. A sensor attached to a magnet transmits signals to a microprocessor through wires. The
adjustments take place when the runner’s shoe doesn’t touch the ground, and that in order
5 ................................................................ resistance from the ground.
Adidas 1 is very light, and that 6 ................................................................ the runner not to carry extra weight.
The only problem is the cost, as Adidas 1 is not cheap. Only if you have $250
7 ................................................................ for a pair of shoes, you can buy them.

a-to buy b-to improve c-to allow d-to manufacture e-to guarantee f-to avoid g- to pay

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../18 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 1 Automated systems applications (36 items) TEST Q

SMART CARD IN SUPERMARKETS


In Italy RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) has been
introduced in food departments in supermarkets since 2004.
Cisco and Telecom have entered into an agreement. Coop
and Conad have been using a “Shopevaluation” program called
“Spesa & Vai” for more than one year. A computerized trolley
with a PC embedded and a video touch screen on it to help
customers to find out products included in their shopping list
has become familiar in some supermarkets. Any information
concerning availability, price, department and shelf where the
product is situated can be read on a small computer screen. Once
the product has been put in the trolley and has been scanned
to provide further information such as date of expiration, place of origin, promotions of the day,
as well as personalized messages, customers can reach the cash and pay for the bill without
wasting time queuing.

Ex 1 Answer the following questions. Score......../6 ........ marks


1 When was RFID introduced in supermarkets? ...................................................................................................................
2 How long have Coop and Conad been using a Shopevaluation program? .............................................
3 What has a computerized trolley got on it? .......................................................................................................................
4 What can be read on the small computer screen? ........................................................................................................
5 What does the scanning system provide? .............................................................................................................................
6 What can customers avoid at the checkout? ......................................................................................................................

Ex 2 GRAMMAR ACTIVITY. Change the verbs in brackets Score......../8 ........ marks


into the first conditional.
e.g.: If everyone has a smart card, shopping will be quicker.
1 If RFID 1 ..................... (gain) ground, the bar code 2 ..................... (disappear) from supermarkets.
2 If there 3 ..................... (be) no microchips, there 4 ..................... (be) no identification.
3 If the reader 5 ..................... (not convert) the radio waves, no data 6 ..................... (to be sent)
to computers.
4 If a trolley 7 ..................... (carry) a PC, shopping 8 ..................... (be ) easier.

THE ROBOTIC ARM


Ex 3 Fill in the gaps with words listed below. Score......../7 ........marks
A 1 ............................................. consists of 2 ............................................. metal segments, joined by
3 ............................................. joints.
Step motors are controlled by 4 ............................................. , which give them instructions on how to
5 ............................................. in exact increments. It has 6 ............................................. degrees of 7 .............................................

a-computers b-robotic arm c-seven d-freedom e-six f-move g-six

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MODULE 5 SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION

Ex 4 Fill in the gaps with words listed below. Score......../7 ........ marks
A robotic arm performs three movements of the arm (shoulder, 1 ................................ , 2 ...............................)
and three movements of the wrist (3 ........................................ , 4 ........................................ , roll).
The 5 ........................................ can be a 6 ........................................ ,when it must grasp objects.
It can be a 7 ........................................ , when it is used to paint cars, or it can be a suction cup, when it
must suck dust or wastes to clean the environment.

a-pitch b-end effector c-wrist d-spray painter e-elbow f-gripper g-yaw

WHAT ROBOTS CAN DO


Mobile robots may replace people in a number of ways. Some
robots explore other planets or inhospitable areas on the Earth,
collecting geological samples. Others seek out mines in dangerous
areas. The police sometimes use mobile robots to search for a
bomb, or even to catch a suspect.
Mobile robots also work in homes and businesses. Hospitals may
use robots to transport medications. Some museums use robots to
patrol their galleries at night, monitoring air quality and humidity
levels. Several companies have developed robots that will clean
your house while you are sleeping.

Ex 5 What can robots do? Match the tasks in list A Score......../8 marks
........

with the places in list B .


A B
1 They explore planets ............. a in war zones.
2 They collect samples ............. b in the environment.
3 They seek out mines ............. c in museums.
4 They search for bombs ............. d in houses.
5 They transport medications ............. e in the sky.
6 They patrol galleries at night ............. f in dangerous places.
7 They monitor air quality ............. g in geological areas.
8 They do the cleaning ............. h in hospitals.

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../36 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 2 Industry and work organization (24 items) TEST R

TAYLORISM
1 Taylor’s name is linked to the concept of scientific management. He studied the best method
to induce workers to perform tasks in the most efficient way. He especially studied how
to eliminate non required and useless movements in an assembly line.
2 He observed that, in general, workers, in repetitive jobs, work at the slowest rate. This slow
rate of work is especially due to the fact that, when they are paid the same wage, they work less.
3 Taylor introduced many concepts that were not widely accepted at the time. For example, he
decided that labour should include rest breaks so that the worker has time to recover from fatigue.
4 This principle is applied to the Army; in fact, during forced marches, the soldiers are ordered
to take a break of 10 minutes for every hour of marching. This allows for a much longer forced
march than continuous walking.
5 However, Taylorism ignores the fact that the economic interests of workers and management
are rarely identical.
6 Taylor believed that the worker who produces more must be paid more.
7 With the introduction of Taylor’s methods, workers worked harder, but became dissatisfied
with the work environment. Some have argued that this dissatisfaction led to the rise
of Labour Unions.

Ex 1 PARAGRAPHING. Match each paragraph of the passage Score......../7 ........ marks


with the phrases below.
A Workers’ benefits introduced by Taylor in terms of wages. ............................

B A main fact ignored by Taylorism. ............................

C Workers’ attitude towards Taylorism. ............................

D What Taylor observed and studied. ............................

E A practical change introduced by Taylor. ............................

F What Taylor studied. ............................

G Where the principle of Taylorism has been applied. ............................

Ex 2 Complete the sentences by summarizing the main concepts. Score......../6 marks


........

1 Taylor studied ...................................................................................................................................................................................................


2 Taylor observed ...............................................................................................................................................................................................
3 Taylor introduced ..........................................................................................................................................................................................
4 Taylor ignored ...................................................................................................................................................................................................
5 Taylor believed ................................................................................................................................................................................................
6 Workers were ....................................................................................................................................................................................................

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MODULE 5 SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION

Ex 3 Ask questions. Score......../5 ........ marks


1 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

To the concept of scientific management.

2 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

He observed that workers worked very slowly in repetitive jobs.

3 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

It was applied to the Army.

4 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

That workers and management have different interests.

5 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

Workers who work more should be paid more.

AUTOMATED FACTORY ORGANIZATION (CIM, CAD, CAM)


Ex 4 Answer the following question by using the hints given Score......../6 ........marks
in pairs.
1 A mainframe ................................................................ specialized computerized ................................................................
among departments in a factory.
2 An Information processing is composed of ................................................................ which operate
in ................................................................ .
3 Batch mode means ................................................................ in ................................................................ .
4 CIM (Computer Integrated Manufacturing) is a method for organizing
................................................................ and ................................................................ .

5 CAD (Computer Aided Design) is a ................................................................ that allows designers to


create ................................................................ .
6 CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) is a data processing assistance in preparing
................................................................ and ................................................................ for CNC machine tools.

a-programs - batch mode b-programs - information


c-programs - production plans d-connects - programs
e-program - two and three dimensional shapes f-operating - sequence

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../24 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

MODULE 6 Telecommunications
UNIT 1 Means of transmission (32 items) TEST S

RADIO WAVES
Radio comes after two other inventions, the telegraph and the
telephone: all three technologies are closely related.
In the 1860s, James Clerk Maxwell, a Scottish physicist, predicted
the existence of radio waves, and in 1886 Heinrich Rudolph Hertz,
a German physicist, demonstrated that rapid variations of electric
current could be projected into space in the form of radio waves
similar to those of light and heat.
Guglielmo Marconi proved the feasibility of radio communication.
He sent and received his first radio signal in Italy in 1895. By 1899
he flashed the first wireless signal across the English Channel and
two years later, in 1902, he received the letter “S”, telegraphed from Poldhu in England to
Newfoundland (Canada). This was the first successful transatlantic radiotelegraph message.

Ex 1 SUMMING UP. Complete the summary of the passage above. Score......../10 ...... marks
There is a close relation between 1 .................................... , 2 .................................... and 3 .................................... .
The idea or the existence of 4 .................................... is due to James Clerk Maxwell and then, some
years later, Heinrich Rudolph Hertz showed that variations of electric current in space were
similar to those of 5 .................................... and 6 .................................... . Marconi is considered as the first 7
.................................... who put into practice the radio communications. In fact in 8 .................................... he

launched his first 9 .................................... signal through the 10 .................................... Channel.

COAXIAL CABLES
Ex 2 Fill in the gaps by using the words listed below. Score......../7 marks
........

A coaxial cable is used for carrying high frequency or 1 ........................................................... signals at radio
frequency. Sometimes, in order to avoid 2 ........................................................... , DC is added to the signal.
Coaxial cables can be of two types, rigid or 3 ........................................................... . The second type has a
braided sheath which is usually made of 4 ........................................................... .
A coaxial cable contains an inner 5 ........................................................... , called dialectric, which has the
property of 6 ........................................................... . The dialectric may be solid or 7 ........................................................... ,
with air spaces.

a-distortions b-insulator c-broadband d-flexible e-impedance


f-perforated g-copper

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MODULE 6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Ex 3 Fill in the gaps by using the words listed below. Score......../7 marks
........

Open 1 ........................................................... transmission lines have low loss, but also some
2 ........................................................... characteristics, that is: you cannot 3 ........................................................... or twist
them without changing their 4 ........................................................... . They cannot be attached to anything
5 ........................................................... , as the extended fields will cause 6 ........................................................... in the
close conductors, and that would result in unwanted 7 ........................................................... .

a-conductive b-radiation c-wire d-impedance e-currents f-bend g-unwanted

Ex 4 Find the odd one out. Score......../8 ........ marks

1 a core b central part c specific part d the innermost part


2 a cable b wire c plastic d thread
3 a impurity b dirt c rubbish d space
4 a to get bigger b to measure c to increase d to grow
5 a coating b covering c sheathing d replacing
6 a moisture b humidity c restless d dampness
7 a transmission b broadcast c communication d dampness
8 a current b power c energy d signal

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../32 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

UNIT 2 Means of telecommunication (24 items) TEST T

GETTING THE BROADCAST SIGNAL


When a television station wants to broadcast a signal to your TVset, or when your VCR (Video
Cassette Recorder) wants to display the movie on your TVset, the analogue signal needs to be
compatible with the electronics, so that the TV can accurately show the picture that the TV
station or VCR sends.
There are five different ways to get a signal into the TV set:
Broadcast programming received through an antenna.
VCR or DVD that connects to the antenna terminals.
Cable TV arriving in a decoder that connects to the antenna terminals.
Large (6 to 12 feet) satellite-dish antenna arriving in a decoder that connects to the antenna
terminals.
Small (1 to 2 feet) satellite dish-antenna arriving in a decoder that connects to the antenna
terminals.

Ex 1 Match the words in list A with the phrases in list B Score......../9 marks
........

having the same meaning.

A B
1 Broadcasting .......... a It is used for transmitting and receiving;
also some insects have them.
2 Decoder .......... b
Device that translates encoded messages.
3 Terminal .......... c
Round shaped transmitter.
4 Satellite .......... d
The size of a transmitting band.
5 Satellite dish-antenna .......... e
Transmitting through radio or TV.
6 Standard .......... f
Normal, common.
7 Analogue .......... g
The plug of the antenna cable. In airports there
is the Air ..........
8 Bandwith .......... h It can also be a planet. It is located in the sky.
9 Antenna .......... i Quite similar.

Ex 2 Write down the nouns corresponding to the verbs below. Score......../7 ........ marks
1 To display .....................................

2 To arrive .....................................

3 To receive .....................................

4 To connect .....................................

5 To decode .....................................

6 To programme .....................................

7 To broadcast .....................................

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MODULE 6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS

GETTING THE SIGNAL TO VCR AND CABLES


VCRs (Video Cassette Recorders) are essentially small TV stations on their own. The videotape
contains a composite video signal and a separate sound signal. The VCR has a circuit inside
that takes the video and sound signals off the tape and turns them into a signal that looks just
like the TV broadcast signal.
The cable in cable TV contains a large number of channels that are transmitted on the cable.
Your cable provider can simply modulate the different cable-TV programs on the normal
frequencies and transmit to your house via the cable; then, the tuner in your TV will accept
the signal and you won’t need a cable box. Unfortunately, that approach would make theft
of cable services very easy, so the signals are encoded, and a decoder is needed.

Ex 3 Fill in the gaps with the past participles listed below. Score......../8 marks
........

A video tape is 1 ....................................................... with video and sound signals. When a video tape is
2 ....................................................... into the VCR, the video and sound signals are 3 .......................................................
into a signal similar to those 4 ....................................................... through TV. Many channels are
5 ....................................................... in a TV cable. Different cable-TV programs are 6 .......................................................
and 7 ....................................................... by the cable provider on normal frequencies.
In order to avoid that cable services are 8 ....................................................... , a decoder is indispensable.

a-changed b-transmitted c-inserted d-modulated


e-broadcast f-supplied g-stolen h-contained

Student’s name ............................................................................................................... Class ...................... Date ......................

Final score .................../24 .................. marks

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TEACHER’S BOOK

Tests keys

MODULE 1 MODULE 2
Electricity Physics and scientists

TEST F
TEST A
Ex1: 1T - 2T - 3T - 4 F - 5T - 6T - 7F - 8T
Ex1: 1b - 2g - 3e - 4a - 5d - 6f - 7c
4 by the Sun’s gravity
Ex2: 1b - 2f - 3e - 4d - 5g - 6a - 7c 7 like Galileo
Ex3: 1c - 2a - 3a - 4b - 5c Ex2: 1f - 2a - 3c - 4b - 5d - 6e
Ex4: 1d - 2f - 3b - 4c - 5e - 6 a Ex3: 1 resistivity - 2 resistor - 3 conduct -
4 conductance - 5 conductor - 6 capacitor-
Ex5: 1 more - 2 higher - 3 less - 4 highest -
7 induce - 8 inductance
5 the most Ex4: 1e - 2a - 3d - 4c - 5f - 6b

TEST B TEST G

Ex1: 1h - 2c - 3g - 4a - 5e - 6g - 7b - 8d Ex1: 1 the pile - 2 a frog - 3 his tongue -


4 zinc and silver - 5 a torpedo fish
Ex2: 1b - 2a - 3b - 4b
Ex2: 3 - 5 - 1 - 8 - 7 - 9 - 2 - 6 - 4
Ex3: 1c - 2a - 3e - 4b - 5d
Ex3: 1b - 2d - 3f - 4a - 5g - 6c - 7e
Ex4: 1 stationary - 2 more - 3 secondary - Ex4: 1c - 2g - 3d - 4a - 5f - 6e - 7b
4 primary - 5 higher - 6 sound waves - Ex5: 1F - 2F - 3T - 4T - 5T
7 diaphragm - 8 current - 9 sound 1 Chemical energy is converted into
electrical energy
2 ... by connecting different metals.
TEST C
Ex6: 1b - 2b - 3a - 4a - 5c - 6a
Ex1: 1F - 2T - 3T - 4F - 5F
Ex2: 1e - 2c - 3g - 4d - 5a - 6f - 7b
Ex3: 1e - 2d - 3a - 4g - 5f - 6c - 7b MODULE 3
Ex4: 3 - 1 - 6 - 4 - 5 - 2 - 7 - 9 - 10 - 8 - 11 Electronics
Ex5: 1c - 2f - 3d - 4g - 5g - 6b - 7b - 8a - 9e
TEST H
Ex1: 1T - 2T - 3F - 4F - 5F - 6T
TEST D
Ex2: 1e - 2b - 3f - 4a - 5d - 6c
Ex2: 1 - 3 - 2 - 8 - 7 - 6 - 9 - 4 - 5 Ex3: 1c - 2a - 3e - 4b - 5f - 6d
Ex3: 6 - 4 - 5 - 1 - 7 - 8 - 2 - 3 Ex4: 1b - 2b - 3a - 4b - 5c

Ex4: 1d - 2f - 3a - 4 b - 5e - 6i - 7g - 8c - 9h
TEST I
Ex5: 1d - 2f - 3h - 4a - 5b - 6e - 7g - 8c
Ex1: 1b - 2f - 3a - 4d - 5c - 6e
Ex2:
TEST E
a b c
Ex2: 1f - 2d - 3a - 4e - 5b - 6c It is sunshine My parents don’t I won’t go to F0
give me the car the beach
Ex3: Direct method: 1 collectors - 2 plants - It is raining My parents give me I won’t go to F0
3 mirrors the car the beach
It is raining My parents don’t give me I won’t go to F0
Indirect method: 1 sun - 2 wind - 3 sea - the car the beach
4 tides - 5 water It is sunshine My parents give me I will go to T1
the car the beach
Ex4: 1b - 2a - 3b - 4c - 5a

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TESTS KEYS

Ex3: 1b - 2b - 3a - 4c - 5c MODULE 5
Ex4: 1F - 2T - 3F - 4T - 5T
Systems and automation
Ex5: 1n - 2e - 3a - 4d - 5b - 6i - 7c - 8h - 9a - 10g
11l - 12m - 13f
TEST N
Ex6: 1F - 2F - 3T - 4F - 5T - 6F
Ex1: 1b - 2e - 3c - 4g - 5d - 6a - 7f
TEST J Ex2: 1b - 2g - 3f - 4a - 5e - 6d - 7c
Ex1: 1c - 2g - 3d - 4b - 5f - 6a - 7e Ex4: systems (system) - mans (men) - womans
Ex3: 1 Public places - 2 Light emitting diode - (women) - are (is) - examples (example) - presets
3 Current - 4 It deflects - 5 The alarm (preset) - olds (old) - operation (operations)
Ex4: a2 - b5 - c1 - d3 - e4

TEST O

Ex2: 1d - 2f - 3h - 4a - 5e - 6b - 7i - 8c - 9g
MODULE 4
Computer technology
TEST P
TEST K Ex2: 1b - 2c - 3a - 4a - 5c - 6b
Ex1: 1a - 2h - 3d - 4g - 5b - 6f - 7j - 8c - 9e Ex3: 1d - 2a - 3e - 4b - 5f - 6c - 7g
Ex2: 1b - 2d - 3e - 4g - 5c - 6f - 7a - 8h
Ex3: From (to) - systems (system) - keeped (kept) TEST Q
- perform (performs) - mains (main) - connect
Ex3: 1b - 2c - 3e/g - 4a - 5f - 6e/g - 7d
(connects) - DAS (DOS) - be (been) - buys (buy)
Ex4: a5-6 - b2 - c1 - d4 - e3 Ex4: 1e - 2c - 3a - 4g - 5b - 6f - 7d
Ex5: 1e - 2g - 3f - 4a - 5h - 6c - 7b - 8d
TEST L
Ex1: a4 - b5 - c1 - d6 - e2 - f3 TEST R
Ex2: 1 un grande avvenimento - 2 sistema Ex1: a6 - b5 - c7 - d2 - e3 - f1 - g4
di compressione - 3 senza spendere una lira - Ex4: 1d - 2a - 3f - 4c - 5e - 6b
4 corso degli eventi - 5 fare soldi con
la distribuzione - 6 la vendita di lettori di CD
salì alle stelle.
Ex3: 1f - 2g - 3d - 4e - 5b - 6c - 7a MODULE 6
Ex4: 1F - 2T - 3T - 4F - 5F - 6T - 7T Telecommunications
Ex5: 1 Napster is a legal service - 2 MP3 is
a system for music compression - 3 Record TEST S
companies were upset for the events -
Ex1: 1 telegraph - 2 telephone - 3 radio -
4 Average people can make a CD.
4 radio waves - 5 light - 6 heat - 7 inventor -

TEST M 8 1899 - 9 wireless - 10 English

Ex2: 1b - 2f - 3h - 4e - 5l - 6c - 7m - 8a - 9g - 10d Ex2: 1c - 2a - 3d - 4g - 5b - 6e - 7f


Ex3: 1 You can order your CD burner on line - Ex3: 1c - 2g - 3f - 4d - 5a - 6e - 7b
2 You can burn 200 songs on a CDR - 3 Today Ex4: 1c - 2c - 3d - 4b - 5d - 6c - 7d - 8d
writable CD drivers are standard equipment -
4 Nowadays CDs have eclipsed cassette tapes. TEST T
Ex4: 1c - 2g - 3e - 4a - 5h - 6d - 7f - 8b
Ex1: 1e - 2b - 3g - 4h - 5c - 6f - 7i - 8d - 9a
Ex5: 1 - MP3
2 - From 32 to 3 Ex2: 1 display - 2 arrival - 3 receiver - 4 connector -
3 - ZIP FILE 5 decoder - 6 programmer - 7 broadcast
4 - JPEG Ex3: 1f - 2c - 3a - 4e - 5h - 6d - 7b - 8g

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TEACHER’S BOOK

Mock tests
A microchip for dogs (112 words) MT 1
The AVID (American Veterinary Identification Devices) microchip is a tiny computer chip which
is inserted in a strong biocompatible glass, and is small enough to fit into a hypodermic needle.
It is inserted deeply under the skin of an animal, which can then be identified throughout its life
by its number. Its identification chip cannot be lost, altered or intentionally removed and lasts
over 25 years.
A special scanner is used to send a radio signal through the skin of the animal in order to read
the chip. The microchip sends its number back to the scanner and it appears on the screen.
The microchip has no power supply, battery, or moving parts.

Ex 1 Choose a , b or c .

1 An AVID microchip
a is very small.
b can be dangerous.
c is visible.
2 An AVID is inserted
a just under a dog’s hair.
b very deeply into a dog’s skin.
c into a dog’s leg.
3 The chip is read
a by a scanner.
b thanks to radio signals.
c thanks to a battery.

Ex 2 Answer the following questions.

1 Where is the microchip put into?


2 Does a microchip last more or less than a dog’s average life?
3 Can the identification chip be taken out?

Name ................................................................................................................................ Class ..................................

Date ..................................... Score .....................................

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MOCK TESTS

Optic fibres (115 words) MT 2


Light transmitted through glass or plastic optic fibres for communications has been known since
the late 1950’s. Electric signals are converted into light pulses, and a light source is used to send
a signal down an optic fibre. The core of the fibre is covered with plastic material for protection
and to prevent loss of light over the transmission distance. The fibre can be from a meter to
several hundred kilometres in length. At the other end of the cable there is a detector which
reconverts the signal into the original electric signal. Fibre optic cables, despite being made of
fragile glass or plastic, are much harder than metal cables and can face difficult conditions.

Ex 1 Choose among a , b , c or d .
1 When was fibre optic technology first developed?
a Between 1950 and 1955.
b Between 1955 and 1960.
c Prior to 1950.
d In 1950.
2 What is the function of the plastic cover on optic fibres?
a To make the fibre stronger and more durable.
b To protect the fibre and prevent light loss.
c To strengthen the optic signal.
d To prevent interference of unwanted electrical signals.
3 What is the difference between optic fibres and more traditional metal cables?
a Optic fibres are more fragile.
b Optic fibres wear out more quickly.
c Optic fibres are stronger and last longer.
d Optic fibres and metal cables have very similar characteristics.
4 How long can optic fibres be?
a As long as one kilometre.
b Several kilometres long.
c Several hundred kilometres long.
d There is no practical limit to their length.

Ex 2 Answer the following questions.


1 What is the inner part of the fibre protected by?....................................................................................
2 What is a light source used for?...............................................................................................................................
3 What is a detector used for?.......................................................................................................................................

Name ................................................................................................................................ Class ..................................

Date ..................................... Score .....................................

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TEACHER’S BOOK

Oil Platform (107 words) MT 3


From Wikipedia
An oil platform is a large structure used to house workers and machinery needed to drill and
then produce oil (and often natural gas as well) in the ocean. A platform may be attached to the
ocean floor, or it may consist of an artifical island, or it may be floating.
Generally, oil platforms are located on the sea where waters are not very deep, though, as
technology improves, drilling wells in ever deeper waters is becoming more feasible and
economic.
A typical platform may have around thirty wells placed on the platform and other wells at remote
positions up to maybe five miles from the platform.

Ex 1 Ask questions to the following answers.


1 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

About thirty wells.

2 How far .............................................................................................................................................................................................................?

Up to five miles.

3 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

To house workers and machinery.

4 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................?

It may be an artificial island.

Ex 2 T (true) or F (false)?

T F
1 Oil platforms are situated on the land.

2 Wells can only be located on a platform.

3 Drilling technology is getting cheaper and cheaper.

Name ................................................................................................................................ Class ..................................

Date ..................................... Score .....................................

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MOCK TESTS

XM Satellite Radio (123 words) MT 4


From the Washington DC area XM Satellite Radio can beam up to 100 channels from coast
to coast in the USA.
XM Radio uses two Boeing HS 702 satellites, placed in parallel geostationary orbit.
Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) is about 22,223 miles (35,764 km) above Earth,
and is the type of orbit most commonly used for communications satellites. The radio receivers
are programmed to receive and decode the digital data signal, which contains up to 100 channels
of digital audio. In addition to the encoded sound, the signal contains additional information
about the broadcast, such as images and data. In urban areas, where buildings can block out
the satellite signals, each receiver contains an amplifying chipset. Each satellite radio receiver
uses a small, car-phone-sized antenna to receive the XM signal.

Ex 1 Answer the following questions.


1 Where are satellites placed?

2 How many channels can digital data signals contain?

3 What might happen in urban areas?

Ex 2 Choose a , b or c .
1 Radio receiver is for
a receiving only digital data signals.
b decoding digital data signals.
c receiving and decoding digital data signals.
2 A signal includes
a the encoded signal and additional information.
b only the encoded signal.
c only the basic information.
3 In urban areas
a satellite signals are better received.
b satellite signals can’t be received.
c buildings can interfere with satellite signals.

Name ................................................................................................................................ Class ..................................

Date ..................................... Score .....................................

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TEACHER’S BOOK

The quality of a signal (part 1) (83 words) MT 5


Digital Signals have a higher quality than analogue signals. The quality of a signal is a measure of
how much the signal changes during transmission. A high quality signal changes very little. A low
quality signal has other information in it which was not there in the original.
The additional unwanted information is called noise. Any noise which is present in an analogue
signal reaches the receiver and is processed by the electrical equipment as if it were part of the
original signal.

Ex 1 T (true) or F (false)?

T F
1 Analogue signals have higher quality than digital signals.

2 Noise is additional unwanted information.

3 Any noise present in a digital signal is processed


by the equipment as part of the original signal.

Now, correct the false ones. ........................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ex 2 Answer the following questions.


1 How much does a high quality digital signal change during transmission?

2 What is noise?

3 How is noise processed in an analogue signal?

Name ................................................................................................................................ Class ..................................

Date ..................................... Score .....................................

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MOCK TESTS

The quality of a signal (Part 2) (91 words) MT 6


All analogue signals become weaker as they travel at the same frequencies. If the signal
is amplified during transmission, then the noise, which is additional unwanted information,
is also amplified in the same way.
A digital signal has only two states, called “on” and “off”. Since noise is usually of low intensity
compared to the signal, noise is interpreted by the decoder as an off state and is not included
in the signal processing. A digital signal ignores the noise and therefore has a higher quality than
an analogue signal.

Ex 1 T (true) or F (false)?

T F
1 All signals become stronger, while travelling.

2 When an analogue signal is amplified, noise becomes


amplified as well.

3 The digital decoder ignores noise, which is considered as an “on” state.

Now, correct the false ones. ........................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ex 2 Answer the following questions.


1 What happens during an analogue signal transmission?

2 What happens to noise, when ana analogue signal is amplified?

3 Why does a digital signal ignore noise?

Name ................................................................................................................................ Class ..................................

Date ..................................... Score .....................................

MOCK TESTS KEYS


MT1: 1a - 2b - 3a MT4: 1c - 2a - 3c
MT2: 1b - 2b - 3c - 4c MT5: 1F - 2T - 3F
MT3: 1F - 2F - 3T MT6: 1F - 2T - 3F

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TEACHER’S BOOK

Solutions

INTRODUCTION What I need is accommodation and possibly A JOB


JUST FOR FUN p. 13 so that I can have enough to live on.
web - wet - net - nut - put - but - cut - cot - com E. Well, Mr Arceri, we have some CONVENIENT
offers. You can rent a flat, but that would be quite
2 WHAT IS SOCIAL NETWORKING? expensive for a student. I suggest, instead TO
ExB: 1f - 2h - 3g - 4e - 5d - 6a - 7c - 8b SHARE a flat with other students that would be
ExD: 1d - 2b - 3a - 4b - 5c - 6d cheaper. We have quite a number of requests.
S. I guess that SHARING a flat would be OK.
MODULE 1 What about prices?
Electricity E. The cost for an average flat is normally 500
pounds PER WEEK. Our flats are all two-room
UNIT 1 THE ORIGIN OF ELECTRICITY apartments with kitchenette and BATHROOM.
2 ATOMS ARE THE CONSTITUENTS OF EVERYTHING They can lodge up to 3 students.
ExB: 1c - 2f - 3a - 4g - 5b - 6e - 7d S. Where are your flats situated?
ExC: 1b - 2c - 3a - 4c - 5b E. All our flats are situated not far from the
ExD: 1h - 2e - 3f - 4g - 5d - 6b - 7a - 8c - 9i - 10j CENTRE of Dublin.
S. The price is OK. What about a job?
3 CONDUCTORS, INSULATORS E. What type of job are you interested in?
AND SEMICONDUCTORS
S. I’d like to work in a shop, possibly an
ExA: 1a - 2b - 3c - 4a - 5b - 6a - 7c - 8a - 9b - electronic APPLIANCES shop, as I’ve some
10b - 11b - 12a experience in the field.
ExB: 1 metals - 2 copper - 3 liquids - 4 carbon E. Well, Mr Arceri, I’ll let you know if we can
1 air - 2 porcelain - 3 rubber - 4 cotton - MEET your needs about the job as well. If you
5 synthetic textiles - 6 synthetic resins can give me your e-mail address, I’ll send you all
the information AS SOON AS I get it.
JUST FOR FUN p. 25
S. My e-mail address is carlo.arceri@tiscali.it
Electrons have negative strength
(carlo dot arceri at tiscali dot it)
4 COPPER ATTRACTS THIEVES IN ITALY E. Can you spell your surname, please?
ExB: In an elementary school of Miami (Florida), S. Of course, A-R-C-E-R-I.
in a hot morning of June, teachers and students E. OK, Mr Arceri. In case you want to contact
realized that the air conditioning wasn’t the Agency by phone, ask for Mrs Rachel
working. The technicians found out that some Robertson, which is me.
copper was missing. The police discovered that a S. Thank you, Mrs Robertson. Bye.
theft had been done by some former students. E. You’re WELCOME Mr Arceri. Bye.
The damage amounted to $3,000.
UNIT 2 ELECTRICITY APPLICATIONS
COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 29
1 ELECTRIC CURRENT
Employee: Wind Travel Agency. Good morning. ExB: quicker - slower - more tightly - higher
Student: GOOD MORNING. My name is Carlo ExC: A there is no resistance - B there is
Arceri. I’m calling from Italy. resistance - C the electron flow will be slower -
E. What can I do FOR YOU, Mr Arceri? D little resistance is offered
S. I’m a student at the Electronics High School. I
need some information. 2 SIMPLE ELECTRIC CIRCUITS
E. What kind of INFORMATION do you need? ExA: 1b - 2a - 3c - 4a - 5b - 6b - 7a - 8c - 9b - 10b -
S. I’d like to spend a couple of months in Ireland 11a - 12c - 13b - 14c - 15a - 16 b
NEXT SUMMER in order to practise the language. ExB: 1 Voltmeter - 2 Resistance - 3 Ammeter -

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SOLUTIONS

4 Transformer - 5 Rheostat - 6 Conductor - 10 THE MICROPHONE


7 Generator ExB: 1 a generator - 2 a transfomer - 3 an
ExC: 1 three cell battery - 2 on the left - 3 open - alternator - 4 a microphone - 5 a loudspeaker -
4 on the left - 5 at the bottom - 6 on the right - 6 a dynamo - 7 a stepdown transformer
7 a 2 Ω resistor - 8 voltmeter
JUST FOR FUN p. 65
3 AC-DC Coil’s voltage depends on diaphragm
ExA: 1a - 2c - 3b - 4c - 5b
UNIT 4 ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION
6 THE GRID 2 THE STEAM ENGINE
ExA: 1g - 2a - 3f - 4d - 5c - 6h - 7i - 8b - 9j - 10e ExA: 1F - 2F - 3T - 4T - 5F
ExB: 1i - 2e - 3g - 4j - 5b - 6h - 7c - 8f - 9a - 10d
9 LIGHTING ENGINEERING
ExA: 1d - 2g - 3f - 4a - 5e - 6c - 7b 3 WARM-UP ACTIVITY IN THE WORLD
OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION
12 LIGHTING SYSTEMS TO SAVE ENERGY ExA: a4 - b6 - c9 - d7 - e1 - f10 - g8 - h5 - i2 - j3
ExA: All the statements are true
JUST FOR FUN p. 74
UNIT 3 ELECTROMAGNETISM
1 HANS CHRISTIAN OERSTED (1777-1851) C H I MN E Y
ExA: 1b - 2d - 3f - 4a - 5g - 6h - 7j - 8e - 9c - 10i
H I N
A N G A S E S
ExB: 1c - 2e - 3f - 4h - 5g - 6a - 7d - 8b
M E I P
ExC: All the statements are true B R N I
ExD: 1e - 2c - 3a - 4d - 5f - 6b E S T E A M N
R N
2 HOW ELECTROMAGNETISM WORKS S Y S T E M I
ExA: magnetic - wire - compass - current - needle - N
direction - opposite M I X I N G
ExB: 1b - 2e - 3f - 4a - 5i - 6g - 7h - 8c- 9j - 10d
5 THE HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION
4 THE GALVANOMETER ExB: 1dl - 2ej - 3gh - 4fm - 5bn - 6ak - 7ci
ExA: a needle - b permanent magnet - c spring - ExC: 1c - 2a - 3d - 4e - 5b - 6g - 7f
d coil of wire ExD: 1 Water is channelled - 2 towards turbines -
3 which drive a generator - 4 electricity
5 MICHAEL FARADAY (1791-1867) is produced - 5 electricity is sent to the grid -
ExB: 1 x, which, when; 2 if, so that, when, x; 3 if, 6 and supplies users
then; 4 x, if, and.
6 THE WINDMILL
6 INDUCED CURRENT ExA: 1F - 2T - 3T - 4F
ExA: 1a - 2c - 3b - 4b - 5c ExB: a4 - b3 - c5 - d1 - e2
ExB: 1 is for measuring in volts potential ExC: 1c - 2d - 3b - 4c - 5d
differences between two points. ExD: 1e - 2j - 3g - 4i - 5h - 6k - 7c - 8a - 9d -10b - 11f
2 is for measuring in amperes the magnitude of ExE: A windmill - B D E inverters - C battery -
F solar panels - G load (air conditioner) - H lamp
electric current flow.
3 is for resistance measuring.
7 BIOMASS
4 is for measuring resistance in megaohm.
ExB: 1b - 2e - 3d - 4a - 5c
5 is for measuring electric current in
a magnetic field. 7a SOME METHODS OF CONVERTING BIOMASS
TO ENERGY
8 THE BICYCLE DYNAMO ExB: 1c - 2e - 3f - 4g - 5h - 6d - 7a - 8b -
ExA: 1c - 2d - 3b - 4d 1cG - 2eB - 3fH - 4gC - 5hD - 6dA - 7aE - 8bF

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TEACHER’S BOOK

8 BIOGAS TEST ACTIVITY p. 110


ExA: 1a - 2c - 3b - 4d 1b - 2d - 3b - 4a - 5a - 6b - 7b - 8b - 9a
ExD: 1 Biogas derives also from manure 1b, hydroelectric is the cleanest, even if building
2 Plants are fed by biodegradable waste a plant can have a big environmental impact.
3 Methane is used for heating and electricity Nuclear is the cleanest for environment, if we
4 Landfill gas is produced by organic waste don’t consider nuclear waste.
5 Landfill gas can explode if mixed with oxygen 2d
6 Uncontrolled landfill gas contributes to global 3b, double glazed windows spare heat, class A
warming domestic appliances spare electricity (fluorescent
lamps consume 80% less than incandescent
JUST FOR FUN p. 86
ones).
kinetic - iron - nail - energy - turbine - installing -
4a 5a
coal - power - ore - watt - empty - rotate 6b, photochemical smog is a yellowish smog due
= Kinetic, Power to the reaction of polluting gases with sun light.
7b 8b
UNIT 5 ENERGY SOURCES
9a, a normal greenhouse effect is good for the
1 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
earth because it keeps air warmer but too much
ExA: 5 - 6 - 3 - 1 - 7 - 2 - 4
greenhouse effect would upset the balance
between …
2 WHAT IS ENERGY?
ExB: 1T - 2T - 3F - 4F - 5T
JUST FOR FUN p. 112

JUST FOR FUN p. 92


D I O D E D S A
oil - unit - total - end - renewable - coil - origin -
C O I L U N I T
reservoir - example = Outercore
C R E P E L O
O S E M F WM
6 SOLAR CELLS
P A C E C I S
ExB: 1c - 2f - 3g - 4a - 5i - 6b - 7j - 8e - 9d - 10h
L A T N A R
8 SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL: SILICON IN SOLAR A C T A B L E S
CELLS M E A N S L O S T
P I S E A E
ExA: 1F - 2T - 3F - 4T - 5T - 6F
S R O C K D P
10 PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS FOR SALE
ExA: Rivestimento delle celle anti-riflesso
ottimizzato - Massimo assorbimento della luce -
Stabilità a lungo termine - Zero ombreggiatura - MODULE 2
Processo di saldatura ad alta tecnologia Physics and scientists
completamente automatizzato - Giunzione UNIT 1 THE LANGUAGE OF PHYSICS
antistress delle celle - Tecnologia a contatto AND MATHEMATICS
frontale - Modulo solare policristallino 2 NEWTON’S THREE LAWS
ExA: 1c - 2b - 3a - 4a - 5a - 6b - 7a - 8c - 9a - 10a - 11b
14 NUCLEAR POWER POLICY IN ITALY
ExB: 1 st law: Inertia 7 - 2 nd law: Acceleration 1,
ExC: 1 Italians are against nuclear energy - 2
3, 4 - 3 rd law: Interaction 2, 5, 6.
German is investing money in renewable energy
ExD: 1e - 2d - 3b - 4a - 5c
- 3 Radioactive waste disposal is a big problem -
ExE: 1 moves - 2 is suspended - 3 breaks, strike it -
4 Some nuclear power plants have been
4 extends, suspended - 5 push, slide backwards -
dismantled - 5 People think that nuclear risks
6 is pushed
should be avoided
ExF: 1c - 2d - 2a - 3b - 4e
15 CHRONICLE OF TWO BIG ACCIDENTS ExG: 1 down - 2 off - 3 behind - 4 up - 5 down -
ExC: 1d - 2b - 3a - 4c - 5d - 6d - 7b - 8c 6 downwards

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SOLUTIONS

JUST FOR FUN p. 119 JUST FOR FUN p. 139


Newton explained planets’ movement
MA G N E T L O A D
4 RESISTANCE AND RESISTIVITY O T W E N E R G Y
ExA: 1d - 2b - 3a - 4c - 5f - 6g - 7e - 8h - 9j - 10i L OW R A Y S E
R E M I T R L E N D
ExB: 1 Va − Vb = R 2 R=
I I C R G O A T
I emf
U S E N A N O
3 R=ρ 4 I= 5 V=I⋅R L U G A S C M
s R
E N O L S O L A R
N U C L E O U S
ExC: 1a - 2f - 3e - 4b - 5d - 6c S T E E L T E S U
ExE: 1e - 2g - 3d - 4h - 5a - 6b - 7j - 8c - 9i - 10k -
11f - 12l - 13m JUST FOR FUN p. 142
5 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONDUCTORS wares - wires - fires - firer - finer - miner
AND RESISTANCE
7 THE QUANTUM THEORY
ExA: 1 less - 2 the same, less resistance -
ExA: 1a - 2c - 3a - 4b - 5c - 6b - 7a - 8b - 9a - 10c
3 higher, resistance - 4 higher
ExB: 1-1; 2-2; 3-4; 4-3 COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 144
ExC: 1- a the resistance; b proportional; c the
Employee: Wind Travel Agency, good morning.
resistance, decreases - 2- a the wire, the
Student: Good morning, my name is Carlo
resistance; b directly proportional; c the
Arceri, I’M CALLING from Italy. May I speak to
length of a wire, the resistance - 3- a
resistance, higher; b directly proportional; c Mrs Robertson, please?
resistance, increases E. I’m sorry Mr Arceri, Mrs Robertson is not in
HER OFFICE, at the moment.
7 RITA LEVI MONTALCINI S. Maybe you can help me. I’m waiting for
ExB: 1f - 2j - 3i - 4a - 5c - 6h - 7g - 8d - some information concerning a POSSIBLE
9e - 10b ACCOMMODATION and a job in Dublin for next
summer.
TEST ACTIVITY p. 128
E. Oh yes, Mr Arceri, Mrs Robertson told me
1b - 2b - 3b - 4c - 5a - 6c - 7b - 8c - 9c - 10b -
about that! I’m glad to tell you that SHE FOUND
11c - 12b
you a good accommodation together with two
UNIT 2 FROM PHILOSOPHY TO EXPERIENCE MALE STUDENTS in a three-room apartment,
1 POSITIVISM not far from the centre of Dublin.
ExB: 1c - 2d - 3a - 4e - 5b S. Good! That’s exactly what I need. BY THE
WAY, Mrs Robertson also told me something
2 ALESSANDRO VOLTA (1745-1827)
about prices.
ExA: 1b - 2d - 3a
E. The flat would cost euro 500 per week, to be
3 THE LECLANCHÉ CELL shared with THE OTHER STUDENTS, of course.
ExB: a brass cap - b carbon rod - c zinc container - S. That’s OK. What about a possible job? Could
d sealing compound - e depolarizer - you find anything?
f electrolyte
E. Your form is on my desk, Mr Arceri. As I can
ExC: 1e - 2d - 3b - 4a - 5c
see, you are interested in working in a shop, an
4 BATTERIES ELECTRONIC appliances shop.
ExB: 1c - 2d - 3b - 4a S. Yes exactly, that’s what I’m looking for, as I’m
especially interested in electronics, which is also
5 ELECTROLYSIS
my COURSE of studies.
ExA: a/b sodium chloride - c copper sulphate
ExB: 1c - 2d - 3e - 4a - 5b E. Well, I can see that a temporary post in an
ExC: 2 it dissolves - 3 an electric current is passed electronic appliances shop is AVAILABLE.
- 4 pure copper is obtained - 5 copper anode Unfortunately I can’t read where the shop is
is taken into solution located as Mrs Robertson’s writing is TERRIBLE.

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I’ll send you an e-mail for more precise 5 ACTIVE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
details. ExA: 1 one valve device - 2 lets - 3 flow -
S. I’ll wait for you e-mail, then, bye Mrs....? 4 resistors - 5 on one end - 6 the direction -
E. My name is Chapman, Mrs Chapman. 7 negative - 8 end - 9 flow
S. Bye, Mrs Chapman, thank you. ExB: 1 light emitting diode - 2 an indicator
E. You’re welcome, Mr Arceri, goodbye. device - 3 infrared lights
ExC: 1 active electronic - 2 is made - 3 doped
TEST ACTIVITY p. 145
silicon - 4 three electrical contacts - 5 switch -
1b (Molecule) - 2c (Gravitation) -
6 amplifier - 7 big - 8 microprocessor
3c (450 grams) - 4c (Yard) -
ExD: 1T - 2F - 3F - 4T - 5F
5b (Renato Dulbecco) -
6b (Friction) - 7a (Steel) - 8c (Ammeter) - TEST ACTIVITY p. 159
9b (Alessandro Volta) - 10a (Radar) - 1a-c-b-c 2b-a-b
11c (In the USA in 1954) - 3a-b-b-a 4 c- b - a
12c (Thomas Alva Edison) 5a-b-c 6a-b-c-c
7c-b-c-b 8b-a-b

MODULE 3 UNIT 2 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS


Electronics 2 ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL SYSTEMS
UNIT 1 GENERAL ELECTRONICS ExB:

1 WHAT IS ELECTRONICS? A B C

ExB: 1e - 2d - 3c - 4b - 5a My girlfriend My parents won’t I won’t give False 0


won’t come give any permission any party
ExC: 1b - 2c - 3c - 4b - 5c - 6b - 7c - 8a - 9b - 10a -
My girlfriend My parents won’t No party False 0
11b will come give any permission
She won’t come My parents will No party F 0
JUST FOR FUN p. 150
give permission
She will come My parents will Party T 1
S O L A R C E L L
give permission
E M A
C OM P O U N D S
= AND gate
U H E E
R M R R ExC: 1 on - 2 watch - 3 is on - 4 don’t, live -
I E MA I L 5 can’t - 6 single - 7 am not - 8 won’t
T 1 AND - 2 AND - 3 AND - 4 AND - 5 NOT - 6 OR -
Y
7 NOT - 8 OR

3 LOGIC GATES
2 THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
ExA: 1d - 2d - 3c - 4b - 5c - 6b - 7d - 8d - 9a - 10 c
ExB: 1 glass tube - 2 battery - 3 photoelectric cell
- 4 x-rays apparatus - 5 the first computer 4 A SIMPLE SYSTEM WITH LOGIC GATES

4 PASSIVE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS Tactile sensor Keys detector Alarm is off 0 Car moves
is off 0 is on 1
ExD: 1 wire wound resistor - 2 thin film resistor -
Tactile sensor Key detector Alarm is off 0 Car moves
3 thin film on a support - 4 metal - 5a wire leads - is on 1 is off 0
5b coloured markings
ExA:
ExH: 1F - 2T - 3T - 4T
• What happens? If only one of the two
ExI: 1 adding - 2 magnetic field - 3 opposite -
sensors is on and the alarm is off, then the
4 AC - 5 direct current - 6 coil - 7 resistors -
car moves.
8 green
• What other kind of gate should be included
JUST FOR FUN p. 157 in the circuit so that the alarm system becomes
The purpose of capacitors is storing energy more effective? An OR gate.

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5a HOW TO MAKE A PCB IN THE LAB C. Your shop is really well supplied, I’ll be happy
ExA-ExB: 1c - 2d - 3b - 4a to work here.
S. I’m glad you appreciate it. Has the Agency
6 INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
told you about your WORKING HOURS and pay?
ExB: 1b - 2c - 3c - 4a - 5b - 6c - 7a - 8b - 9a
C. Actually, they said I have to talk to you
8 MICROPROCESSORS about it.
ExA: 1T - 2F - 3T - 4F - 5T - 6T - 7T S. We open at 9 am and close at 5 pm. Your
SHIFT will be from 9 am to 1 pm.
JUST FOR FUN p. 176 Another student will be here for the second
Breadboard can be made of plastics shift. Of course, during the first week I’ll be here
to HELP you.
UNIT 3 ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS C. That’s OK.
1 SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS S. Your pay will be 150 pounds a WEEK. Is it all
ExA: 1 pick up natural phenomena - 2 translate right?
natural phenomena into electronic signals - C. That’s all right, thank you, Mrs Smith.
3 detect sounds and convert them into electrical S. So, just to BREAK THE ICE, what about a cup
signals - 4 detect electrical signals and convert of tea?
them into sounds - 5 indicate that electronic C. Yes, please. I’d love one.
devices are “on” - 6 sense changes in
temperature - 7 convert sun light into electric 5 E-REVOLUTION IN CHINA
current. EXA: 4 - 1 - 2 - 5 - 3

2 THE PHOTOELECTRIC EFFECT 8 AREAS SPECIALLY AFFECTED


ExA: 1 released - 2 hitting - 3 coated - 4 strikes - BY NANOTECHNOLOGY
5 go towards - 6 produced - 7 used - 8 to ExA: 3 - 5 - 1 - 4 - 2
produce - 9 used ExC: a3 - b5 - c7 - d8 - e1 - f2 - g6 - h4

3 SMOKE ALARM SYSTEM JUST FOR FUN pp. 191, 192


ExA: 1 there is no smoke - 2 that means - 3 the 1 Robot - Energy - Processor - Layers - Industry -
photoelectric cell - 4 current - 5 the alarm Countries - Atom - Nanometer - Transmit = Replicant

COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 185 2


W I R E S S H A P E
Carlo Arceri: Good morning, madam.
I N U N I T O I L
Mrs Smith: Good morning. May I help you? N O R N E T L E
C. I’m the Italian student SENT by the Agency. D E MO D P S E C
S. Oh I see. Nice to meet you, Carlo. Your name P E C U C T
is Carlo, isn’t it? L O G C O A L R
C. Yes, Carlo, Carlo Arceri. C AM T O P B O
S. Well, Carlo, this is the place where O H I S O S C A N
YOU WILL BE WORKING for a couple of months. F A L R E N
I was told that you have some experience in the F U E L S D I O D E
field.
C. Yes. I have worked in an ELECTRONIC
APPLIANCES shop and I also have some
experience in repairing electronic appliances.
S. As you can see, we sell all type of appliances:
MODULE 4
Computer technology
from TVs to VCRs and DVDs, etc. Our customers
are especially YOUNG PEOPLE, who are quite UNIT 1 COMPUTER HARDWARE
demanding. You certainly know that the young AND SOFTWARE
are always in search of the most sophisticated 1 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE
devices and the latest models. ExA: 1T - 2T - 3F - 4F - 5T

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1a MEMORIES 7 Why shouldn’t we open unexpected


ExA: 1 temporary - 2 data - 3 hard disk - e-mail attachments?
4 peripherals - 5 BIOS - 6 cache - 7 fast - 8 Flash ExB: 1c - 2e - 3a - 4f - 5d - 6b
ExB: 1j - 2f - 3a - 4g - 5c - 6h - 7b - 8d - 9e - 10i
COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 209
ExC: 1 computer, monitor - 2 keyboard - 3 mouse -
4 DVD ROM - 5 CD-ROM - 6 removable storage -
From: joseph.spark@google.uk
7 floppy disk - 8 scanner - 9 printer - 10 plotter
To: sales@labsnews.com
3 THE OPERATING SYSTEM Re: Inquiry about Love Detector
ExB: 1c - 2a - 3c - 4c - 5a - 6d I read about your LOVE DETECTOR. Since I
ExC: 1 - The operating system is the most intend to buy it as a XMAS PRESENT for my
important program; 2 - An operating system girlfriend, I’d like to know how it really works.
performs three main functions; 3 - MSDOS has The price is ok, but I need some DETAILS such as:
been replaced by Windows; 4 - Microsoft has no how can an electronic instrument CHECK
business competitors; 5 - LINUX is free but can’t people’s emotional reactions through a CELL-
be distributed. PHONE? What are the specific elements that
JUST FOR FUN p. 203 OPERATE in order to give some results? As I’m a
student in ELECTRONICS, I’m interested in
B R OW S E R technical details.
A I
Waiting for YOUR REPLY.
S C A N N E R
Joseph Spark
I D A
C D R OM N E T
From: sales@labsnews.com
I W D
To: joseph.spark@google.uk
S S O
Re: Information about Love Detector
K M E MO R Y
We are glad to send you the information YOU
ExD: 1c - 2e - 3f - 4b - 5d - 6a REQUIRE.
Speaking is one of the most complicated
TEST ACTIVITY p. 204
PROCEDURES the human body is capable of, and
1 a/c, 2 a/b/c, 3 a/b/c, 4a/b/c, 5b, 6b, 7 a/c, 8 a/b,
the human BRAIN monitors the process of
9 b/c, 10b, 11b, 12 a/b, 13 a/b, 14 a/b, 15 a/b/c,
speaking. Every EVENT that goes through the
16 a/b, 17a
brain leaves its unique “FINGER PRINT” on the
4 TYPES OF INFECTIONS speech flow. Technology ignores the subject you
ExA: are speaking of, and it FOCUSES only on these
Types of infection and damage unique marks that transmit specific electronic
IMPULSES, detected and recorded on our
Virus E-mail virus Worm Trojan horse
instrument. Impulses VARY in intensity according
Programs E-mails Computer Hard disk to the various levels of emotion. Our Love
Detector works LIKE THAT. Once the
Damages Replicated itself
e.g.: Code Red conversation has ended, a final report will be
sent to your CELL-PHONE using an SMS or an
5 THE PROFILE OF VIRUS WRITERS audio message! The final report is not only
ExA: 1 What do virus hunters look for? about the “LOVE LEVEL”, it includes also other
2 Why are virus writers dangerous? parameters, like “CONCENTRATION” and
3 When was the security of computer “Embarrassment”.
networks first explored? You can order your Love Detector by E-MAIL and
4 Where did virus writers appear? it will be delivered in a week.
5 How can we identify them? Mark Twist
6 What can we do to stop virus writers? Sales MANAGER.

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SOLUTIONS

UNIT 2 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES 9 FINGERPRINTS AND OPTICAL SCANNERS


2 E-BOOK: A NEW WAY TO READ ExA: 1 What are fingerprints? 2 What are they
ExA: 5 - 1 - 8 - 3 - 7 - 4 - 2 - 6 for? 3 What is the heart of an optical scanner?
4 What are CCDs called? 5 What do photosites
TEST ACTIVITY p. 215 generate? 6 What does an analogue to digital
1b - 2a - 3b - 4c - 5a - 6b - 7c - 8a - 9b converter do? 7 What does the scanner
JUST FOR FUN p. 216 processor do?
ExB: 1T - 2F - 3F - 4T - 5T - 6F
B A C K U P O T
U R L ExC: 1 - A fingerprint scanner gets an image of
S C A N O
G R O V E C A P fingers; 2 - The heart of an optical scanner is a
A N C A D sensor system; 3 - light and dark pixels form an
Y E S L E D image; 4 - Place your finger on a glass plate;
S O I S D N 5 - Each photosite records a pixel.
H N N S E E
JUST FOR FUN p. 231
P E G K S U N
Fingerprints are identity cards
O U S S T O R E
R AM C O R
TEST ACTIVITY p. 231
T S U R F I N G
1b - 2b - 3a - 4b - 5c - 6a - 7c - 8b - 9b - 10b
P A T T E R N Y
5 E-VOTING
ExA: a3 - b6 - c1 - d7 - e2 - f4 - g5
MODULE 5
Systems and automation
ExB: 1d - 2e - 3b - 4c - 5a
UNIT 1 AUTOMATED SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS
6 SYSTEMS OF COMPRESSION
1 WHAT IS A SYSTEM IN TECHNOLOGY?
ExB: 1 What is the abbreviation for MPEG audio
ExB: 1fD - 2cF - 3dE - 4eA - 5bB - 6aC
Layer 3?
2 How are data on a CD given? 2 SPEED TRAP: A POLICE RADAR SYSTEM
3 How long does an average song last? TO MONITOR SPEED
4 How many bytes does an average song ExA: a3 - b1 - c5 - d2 - e4
consume? 5 What is a MP3 format used for?
JUST FOR FUN p. 237
6 How much is a song compressed?
Cathode - Ohm - Led - Lit - Energy - Car - Trolley -
7 What are zip files used for?
On - renewable = Collector
8 How is a good compression algorithm made?
9 Is the quality of a compressed song the same 3 AUTOMATION
as the original? ExA: 1a - 2a - 3b - 4a
10 How does compression occur?
4 AUTOMATED SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS
7a DNA COMPUTER ExA: 4 - 2 - 1- 3
ExA: 1 doors - 2 mathematicians - 3 nature - 4
5 PLC
contribution - 5 opportunity - 6 widenet - 7
ExA: 1 transducer - 2 domotics - 3 microprocessor
fields - 8 discovered - 9 scientists - 10 learn
- 4 PLC - 5 switchboard - 6 sensor - 7 actuator
7b QUANTUM COMPUTER
6 FLS: THE INTELLIGENT NATURAL WINDOW
ExA: 1c - 2d - 3c - 4b - 5a
VENTILATION SYSTEM
8 NEWS IN PILLS ExC: 1e - 2b - 3a - 4d - 5c
ExA: a5 - b6 - c2 - d4 - e1 - f3 - g7
7 ROBOTICS
ExB: 1f - 2a - 3b - 4e - 5b - 6d - 7c
ExB: 1c - 2g - 3m - 4b - 5k - 6h - 7j - 8a - 9p - 10o
ExD: In January 2008 Leif Kullman, a Swedish
- 11d - 12l - 13i - 14f - 15e - 16n
botanist, found a red fir in Sweden. Biologists in
Florida examined its roots and decides that it 9 ROBOTS ON THE MARKET
was 8,000 thousand years old. ExA: a3 - b4 - c7 - d2 - e1 - f6 - g5

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JUST FOR FUN pp. 247, 248 COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 269


1 Robots work at assembly line Stefania: How many hours do you work every
day?
2 P E R S O N A L Mark: I can’t say how many hours a day I work,
R O N sometimes I work EVEN FORTEEN HOURS
E D A DAY.
S E N S O R S. What do you do in your spare time?
S O U T M. Spare time? I don’t have any SPARE TIME
U F O B actually!
R O A S. When do you meet your friends?
E F F E C T O R
M. The only friends I have are my COLLEAGUES
N M
but we usually talk through chat lines.
H A N D S S
S. Do you go around shopping, sometimes?
M. Here, at Games City, we have ALL WE NEED, I
UNIT 2 INDUSTRY AND WORK never go shopping.
ORGANIZATION S. Have you got a girlfriend?
2 THE SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT ERA M. Of course I’ve got a girlfriend but I NEVER
ExB: 1F - 2F - 3T - 4T - 5F - 6T SEE HER, at least until I work here. She lives
outside Games City.
3 FOLLOWERS OF TAYLORISM
S. When did you last watch the Moon?
ExA: 1 What were Gantt Charts initially for?
M. The Moon? WHAT DO YOU MEAN?
2 What did Frank & Lillian Gilbreth invent?
S. Imagine sitting in a garden and watching the
3 What did they discover?
Moon. Is it a waste of time for you?
4 What did Hugo Munsterberg suggest?
M. I don’t know, actually! Watching the Moon?
ExB: 1e - 2c - 3d - 4b - 5a
WHAT FOR?
4 AUTOMATED FACTORY ORGANIZATION S. Well, Pirandello, a famous Italian writer,
(CIM, CAD, CAM) wrote a short story “Ciaula scopre la luna”, that
ExA: 1Ae - 2Da - 3Bc - 4Ef - 5Fd - 6Cb is “Ciaula discovers the Moon”.
ExC: All true except for the last one M. What is THE STORY ABOUT?
S. It talks about a young man who works
JUST FOR FUN p. 258
in a mine in Sicily. He works ALMOST DAY AND
Computer aided design
NIGHT and sleeps very little, just like you.
5 SAFETY IN THE WORKPLACE One night, he sees the Moon for the first time
ExA: a7 - b12 - c9 - d13 - e8 - f2 - g1 - h6 - i10 - in his life. He’s so amazed that he can’t stop
j4 - k5 - l3 - m11 watching it.

6 THYSSENKRUPP: DEATH OF SEVEN WORKERS JUST FOR FUN p. 270


ExA: 1 declared - 2 sentenced - 3 were sentenced
4 paid - 5 has been shut - 6 closed C O D E S T A G S
A A N T E N N A A
7 “ERGONOMICS” AND SECURITY S M G M A S H E S
IN THE WORKPLACE H A R I A L
ExB: 1a - 2c - 3b - 4c - 5a S G T R O L L E Y
M E S E G I V
9 GLOBAL OR NO GLOBAL?
C A D E A U T O P
ExA: a6 - b4 - c3 - d1 - e5 - f2 A R E A R E O L A
10 GLOBALIZATION M T M O R U V S
E A D D T E T
ExA: 1e - 2d - 3f - 4a - 5c - 6b

11 WELCOME TO GAMES CITY!


ExA: 3a - 5b - 1c - 10d - 2e - 6f - 7g - 9h

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SOLUTIONS

MODULE 6 JUST FOR FUN p. 284


Telecommunications C L A D D I N G
UNIT 1 MEANS OF TRANSMISSION
O E O
P G E A R
1 FROM COMMUNICATIONS P R
TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS E C A B L E
ExA: 1 - The Messanger of the Gods wasn’t R D C
Apollo, but Mercury. Apollo drove the chariot S H E A T H O
of the Sun across the sky. S W A
2 - Greeks had a polytheist religion. B L I G H T
O S I
1b INVENTORS OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS J A C K E T N
ExA: 1 - six scientist; 2 - one discovery (the T G
existence of the electromagnetic waves); E F F E C T
3 - six inventions
6 WAVES
2 SIGNAL TRANSMISSION ExA: 1 Reflection - 2 Refraction - 3 Diffraction -
ExA: 1h - 2d - 3a - 4e - 5i - 6b - 7j - 8f - 9c - 10g 4 Interference

3 COAXIAL CABLES 6a DESCRIBING WAVES


ExB: 1 usually - 2 generally - 3 sometimes, ExA: 1 Frequency - 2 Wavelength - 3 Amplitude
sometimes - 4 never - 5 often - 6 seldom 8 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
ExA: 1 ultraviolet - 2 infrared - 3 lamp - 4 sun -
4 FIBRE OPTICS
5 X rays - 6 gamma rays - 7 infrared rays -
ExB: a3 - b8 - c6 - d1 - e4 - f7 - g5 - h2
8 microwaves - 9 radar waves - 10 vhf - 11 TV
ExC: 1 cladding - 2 jacket - 3 sheath - 4 coating -
and radio waves
5 shield
9 RADIOS
5 ADVANTAGES OF FIBRE OPTICS
ExB: 1T - 2T - 3T - 4F - 5F - 6F
ExA:
e.g.: cost: optic-fibre cables are CHEAPER COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 291
than conventional wires. Loudspeeker: Good morning, ladies
Cable diameter: optic-fibre cables are THINNER and gentlemen. The plane will take off in
than conventional wires. a few minutes. All passengers are kindly
Capacity: optic-fibres can carry MORE requested to fasten their seat belts, put the seat
signals than conventional wires. backs in an upright position and switch
Signal the loss of LIGHT SIGNALS is LESS all devices off.
degradation: than in conventional wires. Hostess: Excuse me Sir, you should switch your
Power supply: optic-fibre cables need CELL-PHONE off, please.
LOWER POWER SUPPLY Passenger: Just a moment, I’ve got an important
than conventional wires. CALL, you know.
Safety: OPTIC-FIBRES ARE SAFER THAN H. I’m sorry, but I must ask you to switch it off,
CONVENTIONAL WIRES. as the plane will TAKE OFF very soon.
Weight: OPTIC-FIBRES WEIGH LESS THAN P. One single cell-phone WON’T certainly
CONVENTIONAL WIRES. interfere with radio waves!
Flexibility: OPTIC-FIBRES ARE MORE H. Just the opposite, Sir, a single cell-phone can
FLEXIBLE THAN CONVENTIONAL certainly INTERFERE. Switch it off please, I won’t
WIRES. tell you again.
Application: OPTIC-FIBRES HAVE MORE P. This call is important, I must make it!
APPLICATIONS THAN H. Sorry Sir, the PLANE’S SAFETY is more
CONVENTIONAL WIRES. important than any call!

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P. That’s your opinion! I’m not going to switch it ExA: 1 Radio a trasmissione incrociata
off! multicanale a bassa tensione.
H. Give me your cell phone or I’ll CALL FOR the 2 Radio a trasmissione incrociata monocanale
captain! a bassa tensione.
P. I don’t care about your captain or anybody 3 Sistemi telefonici con linea a terra.
else, I must make my call! 4 Livelli di esposizione alle radiazioni della
frequenza radio.
The captain reaches the passenger: 5 Antenne collegate alla stazione base per
C. Sir, I must tell you that if you don’t switch off telefoni cellulari.
your cell-phone, the plane CAN’T TAKE OFF and 6 Radiazione di radiofrequenza.
you will be fined. Can you tell me why your
COMMUNICATION SKILLS p. 299
phone call is so important?
Interviewer: Good morning, Sir.
P. Well, I only have to tell my wife that the plane
Electronic Engineer: Good morning.
is taking off and that everything is OK. I
I. May I ask you a few questions many people
PROMISED to call, that’s all.
are worried about?
11 TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES E. Of course, that’s why I’m here.
ExA: 1 How do you call the equipment which I. The first question concerns the possible
receives a signal, amplifies it, changes its hazards in the use of CELL-PHONES. As you are
frequency and retransmits it? a highly qualified expert, can you tell us if there
2 When was the first satellite launched? is any DANGER connected to RADIATION?
3 When did the so called space race start? E. Radio frequency is very LOW, especially the
4 What is the International Organization cretaed quantity coming from cell-phones.
for international communication called? I. So, as RADIATION from mobiles is actually
ExB: low, then there is no danger at all in using cell-
phones.
Characteristics Low orbit Medium Geostationary
satellites altitude sat. E. I wouldn’t say that: although radio frequency
sat.
is very low, an exaggerated use of cell-phones
Height 150/450 km 9000/18000 35800 COULD BE RISKY in the long run.
Rotational period 1 and half From 5 24 hours I. So, the only problem is that making too much
hour to 12 hours
use of MOBILES could be risky for our health.
Time in line 15 minutes 2-4 hours always
E. The main danger instead, doesn’t come from
of sight of Earth
station mobiles but from ANTENNAS.
Use Information telecom- telecom- I. So, if we keep away from base station
about munications munications
antennas, we are safe, aren’t we?
agriculture
etc. E. Of course you should be careful not to stand
in front of them for long time. That’s what
I especially RECOMMEND, otherwise in my
12 ALENIA AEROSPACE opinion there is no danger.
ExB: 1 Washington DC - 2 100 - 3 two - 4 four - I. We’ll take your recommendation in due
5 on the car - 6 from coast to coast consideration, thank you, Sir.
E. Thank you and goodbye.
JUST FOR FUN p. 294
I. GOODBYE.
Satellites cross the skies
3 MOBILE SYSTEM
UNIT 2 MEANS OF TELECOMMUNICATION
ExA: 1d - 2e - 3g - 4b - 5c - 6h - 7a - 8f
1a CORDLESS TELEPHONES ExB: 1Cb - 2Ba - 3Ag - 4Dd - 5Ec - 6Fe - 7Af
ExA: 1T - 2F - 3T - 4F - 5T
4 DIGITAL ELECTRONIC DEVICES
2 ARE MOBILE PHONES RADIATIONS ExA: 1b - 2d - 3e - 4c - 5a - 6f
DANGEROUS? ExB: 1l - 2h - 3d - 4i - 5e - 6f - 7o - 8b - 9m - 10j -

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SOLUTIONS

11k - 12a - 13n - 14c - 15g ExB: 1 How did people use to phone abroad
ExC: 1 touchscreen - 2 feature phone - 3 IPAD - 4 in the past?
Netbook - 5 smartphone - 6 PDA 2 What do we use today?
3 Who has recently tripped up many murderers
JUST FOR FUN p. 306 by screening phone calls?
4 Why do big firms send SMS?
S C A NN E R D 5 What company did create and patent the
P H E N C O D E “smart tag?
A I M T T U R L 6 Where is RFID technology inserted?
M P E G E T I
G EA R F V 8b ARE YOU A FREE LOADER OR A FREE USER?
S D I E T ExA: 1 What does Wi-fi technology allow?
D I S K O T R 2 How is the transmission speed?
D O T A P H E 3 Where did this technology start?
O E R S T E D N 4 What does Wi-fi represent?
A R M S E D V D 5 Who consider Wi-fi as a parasite technology?
6 Why can users be considered as thieves of
5 THE CATHODE RAY TUBE
information?
ExA: 1e - 2d - 3f - 4c - 5b - 6a
7 Can progress be stopped?
5b PLASMA TECHNOLOGY
8c WLAN
ExA: 1 glass - 2 pixels - 3 subpixels - 4 green -
ExA: 1 What does Wlan allow?
5 16 million colours - 6 plasma - 7 UV light -
2 What range does it cover?
8 the images
3 Where are this technology used?
ExB: 1d - 2f - 3b - 4a - 5h - 6g - 7e - 8c
4 Where was the wireless technology first used
JUST FOR FUN p. 313 in Italy?
5 What did the students of the Technical High
B A N DW I D T H School Giorgi create?
R R
O A N O D E JUST FOR FUN p. 318
A N Wireless technology has a future
D I S K U F O
C H T D I LOOKING FOR A JOB
A A E V B
1 A COMPANY ORGANIZATION CHART
S D E C O D E R
T O H E ExA: 1g - 2e - 3i - 4c - 5j - 6k - 7f - 8a - 9h - 10l -
W 11m - 12b - 13d

2a LETTER OF APPLICATION
8 WI-FI TECHNOLOGY ExA: a9 - b12 - c6 - d11 - e14 - f13 - g2 - h7 - i8 -
ExA: 3 - 5 - 2 - 1 - 4 j1 - k15 - l10 - m4 - n3 - o5

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cod. 7373
Contents

Struttura del corso 3 Module 5 - Systems and automation


Test N 30
Tests 4 Test O 32
Module 1 - Electricity Test P 34
Test A 4 Test Q 36
Test B 6 Test R 38
Test C 8 Module 6 - Telecommunications
Test D 10 Test S 40
Test E 12 Test T 42

Module 2 - Physics and scientists


Tests keys 44
Test F 14
Test G 16
Mock tests
Module 3 - Electronics MT1 46
Test H 18 MT2 47
Test I 20 MT3 48
Test J 22 MT4 49
MT5 50
Module 4 - Computer technology MT6 51
Test K 24 Mock tests keys 51
Test L 26
Test M 28 Solutions 52

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