Sei sulla pagina 1di 13 Sec 5.1: Radian and Degree Measure of Angles

To convert from degrees to radians

Ex 1: Convert from degrees to radians:

a). 120º

b). -225º

c). 930º

To convert from radians to degrees

Ex 2: Convert from radians to degrees:

a).

3

4

8 7

b).

c).

10

3

1º =

1º =

1’=

1”=

Ex 3: Change the following to a decimal number in degrees (round to the nearest thousandth):

a). 34º 29’19”

b). 47º 36’ 14”

Ex 4: Change the radian measure to degrees (round to the nearest minute):

 a). 4.5 b). -2.3 initial side: terminal side: coterminal:

  

 

,

 

UNIT CIRCLE   
,
,
  
,
  
  
,
,
 
 
 
  
 
,
,  
 
  
,
  
  
  
,
,  
 
 
,
,
 
 
 
 
,
,
 
,
 
 
 

Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles

Ex 5: Find one positive angle and one negative angle that are coterminal with an angle having the given measure. State in which quadrant the terminal side lies.

a). 150º

4

3

b).

c).

13

4

d).

17

6

Ex 6: Identify all angles that are coterminal with a 30º angle.

The reference angle is always formed by the The measure of the reference angle is always between

and the

and

For any angle , where 0  2, its reference angle is defined by the following:

Ex 7: Find the measure of the reference angle:

a). 225º

b). 480º

c).

13

8

d).

17

6 central angle of a circle:

arc length:

Sec 5.2: Central Angles and Arcs

Ex 1: Find the length of an arc with:

a). central angle

3

4

and diameter 20 cm

b). central angle 38º and radius 5 cm

Ex 2: Given the measure of the arc, find the degree measure of the central angle it subtends (forms) in a circle of radius 12 in.

a).

7 in

b).

15 in

sector of a circle:

area of a sector: Ex 3: A sector has arc length of 12 cm and a central angle measure of 1.25 radians. Find the radius of the circle and the area of the sector.

Ex 4: A sector has an area of 15 in² and a central angle of 0.2 radians. Find the radius and length of the arc.

10 feet

in

min

sec

1 mile =

feet

6rpm =

hr

1 revolution =

60 mph =

ft

sec

1 revolution =

degrees

Ex 5: A wheel has a radius of 5.8 ft. As it turns, a cable connected to a box winds onto the wheel. To the nearest foot, how far does the box move if the wheel turns 110º in the counterclockwise direction?  Ex 6: A pendulum hangs on a 3-meter rod. Every 5 seconds the pendulum swings 10º left and 10º right of center. How many meters does the pendulum swing in 1 hour?

Sec 5.3: Circular Functions

If the terminal side of an angle is in standard position, then

There is exactly one point P(x, y) for any angle , where functions of . These are called circular functions.

is the variable and x and y are the  and
are
variables.

Ex 1: Find sin

Ex 2: Find cos 90º

Ex 3: Find sin 270º

Ex 4: Find cos 2

When points are not on the unit circle:

 cos  = (secant) sec  = sin  = (cosecant) csc  =

tan =

(cotangent) cot = Ex 5: Find the values of the 6 trig functions in standard position with measure if the following points lie on the terminal side.

a). (5, 12)

b). (5, -3)

Ex 6: Find sin and tan when cos = 17 8 and the terminal side of is in the third quadrant.

Ex 7: The terminal side of an angle in standard position contains the point (-3, 4). Find the 6 trig functions.

Ex 8: If sec = 2 and lies in quadrant IV, find the 5 other trig functions.

Sec 5.4: Trig Functions of Special Angles

30º- 60º - 90º

Ex 1: Find sin 210º , cos 210º , tan 210º

Ex 3: Find tan

3 8

Ex 5: Without using a calculator find

a). sin

 3

2

d). tan

g). tan

17

3

7

6

b). csc

e). cot

45º - 45º - 90º

Ex 2: Find sin

Ex 4: Find sec

11

4

7

6

h). cos

 4

3

7

4

134

c). sec

f). csc

5

4

2

3

Quadrantal Angles are angles that lie on Angle sin x cos x tan x csc x sec x cot x 0º 90º 180º 270º 360º

Ex 5: Use a calculator to find the value to 4 decimal places: (Remember radian and degree modes)

a). cot(

7 5 )

b). cos (820º)

c).

csc 19

d). tan (18.3 + 2)

e). sin 35º 22’ 46”

Sec 5.5: Right Triangles Ex 1: Write an equation that would enable you to solve for the indicated measure. DO NOT SOLVE. B
C
A

a).

b = 13, A = 76º Find a

Ex 2: Solve the triangle (ΔABC):

a).

A = 52º , a = 12

 b). c = 16, a = 7 Find b c). B = 16º , c = 13 Find a b). b = 22, A = 22º 22’

Ex 3: In ΔRST, find the measure of <R. T
12
R
S

10

Angle of elevation:

Angle of depression:

Ex 4: A tree casts a 17 foot shadow when the angle of elevation to the sun is 62º. How tall is the tree?

Sec 5.6: Law of Sines

The law of sines allows us to solve for missing parts of

and

Use the law of sines to solve a triangle when given

if we are given a

SAA (side-angle-angle) and ASA (angle-side-angle) always gives

Ex 1: Solve ΔABC if A = 32º14’, B = 57º40’ and c = 14.3

Sec 5.7: Law of Cosines

Law of cosines used to solve a triangle when given

Use the law of cosines first to solve a triangle when given use the law of sines to find other missing parts.

SSS (side-side-side) and SAS (side-angle-side)

Always find

side

or

always gives

angle first.

Then

Ex 1: Solve ΔABC if A = 39º24’, b = 12 and c = 14. (round <’s nearest degree; sides nearest tenth)

Ex 2:

Find c if C = 102º, a = 84 and b = 78

Ex 3: Solve ΔABC if a = 19, b = 24.3 and c = 21.8. (Round to nearest minute)

More Sec 5.6 and 5.7: Law of Sines and Law of Cosines

SSA (side-side-angle):

Steps for solving a SSA triangle

 1). 2). 3). 4).

Ex 1: Solve ΔABC if A = 58º, b = 14 and a = 10.

Ex 2: Solve ΔABC if A = 140º, b = 10 and a = 3.

 Ex 3: Solve ΔABC if B = 60º, c = 4 and b = 2 Ex 4: C = 38º, b = 10 and c = 8 3

Ex 5:

B = 160°, a = 10, A = 41°

Ex 6:

B = 115º, a = 7 and b = 11

Area of oblique triangles:

Sec 5.8: Area of Triangles

Ex 1: Find the area of ΔABC if a = 8.4, b = 10 and C = 108°. (round to nearest tenth)

Ex 2: Find the area of ΔABC if a = 14.2, A = 18°50’ and B = 69°18’.

Hero’s (Heron’s) Formula: Use to find area of a triangle if

are known.

Ex 3: Use Hero’s formula to find the area of ΔABC if a = 30, b = 50 and c = 56.

Area of a circular segment of a circle: Ex 4: A sector has a central angle of 140º in a circle with radius 12.5 inches. Find the area of the circular segment (nearest tenth). 