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Sec 5.1: Radian and Degree Measure of Angles To convert from degrees to radians Ex

Sec 5.1: Radian and Degree Measure of Angles

To convert from degrees to radians

Ex 1: Convert from degrees to radians:

a). 120º

b). -225º

c). 930º

To convert from radians to degrees

Ex 2: Convert from radians to degrees:

a).

3

4

8 7

b).

c).

10

3

1º =

1º =

1’=

1”=

Ex 3: Change the following to a decimal number in degrees (round to the nearest thousandth):

a). 34º 29’19”

b). 47º 36’ 14”

Ex 4: Change the radian measure to degrees (round to the nearest minute):

a). 4.5

b). -2.3

initial side:

terminal side:

coterminal:

  

 

,

 

UNIT CIRCLE

   ,  ,    ,     
  
,
,
  
,
  
  
,
,
 
 
 
  
 
,
,  
 
  
,
  
  
  
,
,  
 
 
,
,
 
 
 
 
,
,
 
,
 
 
 

Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles

Ex 5: Find one positive angle and one negative angle that are coterminal with an angle having the given measure. State in which quadrant the terminal side lies.

a). 150º

4

3

b).

c).

13

4

d).

17

6

Ex 6: Identify all angles that are coterminal with a 30º angle.

The reference angle is always formed by the The measure of the reference angle is always between

and the

and

For any angle , where 0  2, its reference angle is defined by the following:

a). In quadrant I,

b). In quadrant II,

c). In quadrant III,

Ex 7: Find the measure of the reference angle:

a). 225º

b). 480º

d). In quadrant IV,

c).

13

8

d).

17

6

central angle of a circle: arc length: Sec 5.2: Central Angles and Arcs Ex 1

central angle of a circle:

arc length:

Sec 5.2: Central Angles and Arcs

Ex 1: Find the length of an arc with:

a). central angle

3

4

and diameter 20 cm

b). central angle 38º and radius 5 cm

Ex 2: Given the measure of the arc, find the degree measure of the central angle it subtends (forms) in a circle of radius 12 in.

a).

7 in

b).

15 in

sector of a circle:

area of a sector:

a). 7 in b). 15 in sector of a circle : area of a sector: Ex

Ex 3: A sector has arc length of 12 cm and a central angle measure of 1.25 radians. Find the radius of the circle and the area of the sector.

Ex 4: A sector has an area of 15 in² and a central angle of 0.2 radians. Find the radius and length of the arc.

10 feet

in

min

sec

1 mile =

feet

6rpm =

rads

hr

1 revolution =

rads

60 mph =

ft

sec

1 revolution =

degrees

Ex 5: A wheel has a radius of 5.8 ft. As it turns, a cable connected to a box winds onto the wheel. To the nearest foot, how far does the box move if the wheel turns 110º in the counterclockwise direction?

if the wheel turns 110º in the counterclockwise direction? Ex 6: A pendulum hangs on a
if the wheel turns 110º in the counterclockwise direction? Ex 6: A pendulum hangs on a

Ex 6: A pendulum hangs on a 3-meter rod. Every 5 seconds the pendulum swings 10º left and 10º right of center. How many meters does the pendulum swing in 1 hour?

Sec 5.3: Circular Functions

If the terminal side of an angle is in standard position, then

There is exactly one point P(x, y) for any angle , where functions of . These are called circular functions.

is the

 . These are called circular functions .  is the variable and x and y

variable and x and y are the

functions .  is the variable and x and y are the and are variables. Ex
and are variables.
and
are
variables.

Ex 1: Find sin

Ex 2: Find cos 90º

Ex 3: Find sin 270º

Ex 4: Find cos 2

When points are not on the unit circle:

cos =

(secant) sec =

sin =

(cosecant) csc =

tan =

(cotangent) cot =

(cosecant) csc  = tan  = (cotangent) cot  = Ex 5: Find the values

Ex 5: Find the values of the 6 trig functions in standard position with measure if the following points lie on the terminal side.

a). (5, 12)

b). (5, -3)

Ex 6: Find sin and tan when cos = 17 8 and the terminal side of is in the third quadrant.

Ex 7: The terminal side of an angle in standard position contains the point (-3, 4). Find the 6 trig functions.

Ex 8: If sec = 2 and lies in quadrant IV, find the 5 other trig functions.

Sec 5.4: Trig Functions of Special Angles

30º- 60º - 90º

Ex 1: Find sin 210º , cos 210º , tan 210º

Ex 3: Find tan

3 8

Ex 5: Without using a calculator find

a). sin

 3

2

d). tan

g). tan

17

3

7

6

b). csc

e). cot

45º - 45º - 90º

Ex 2: Find sin

Ex 4: Find sec

11

4

7

6

h). cos

 4

3

7

4

134

c). sec

f). csc

5

4

2

3

Quadrantal Angles are angles that lie on

Quadrantal Angles are angles that lie on Angle sin x cos x tan x csc x

Angle

sin x

cos x

tan x

csc x

sec x

cot x

           

90º

180º

270º

360º

Ex 5: Use a calculator to find the value to 4 decimal places: (Remember radian and degree modes)

a). cot(

7 5 )

b). cos (820º)

c).

csc 19

d). tan (18.3 + 2)

e). sin 35º 22’ 46”

Sec 5.5: Right Triangles

+ 2  ) e). sin 35º 22’ 46” Sec 5.5: Right Triangles Ex 1: Write

Ex 1: Write an equation that would enable you to solve for the indicated measure. DO NOT SOLVE.

B C A
B
C
A

a).

b = 13, A = 76º Find a

Ex 2: Solve the triangle (ΔABC):

a).

A = 52º , a = 12

b).

c = 16, a = 7 Find b

c).

B = 16º , c = 13 Find a

b).

b = 22, A = 22º 22’

Ex 3: In ΔRST, find the measure of <R.

T 12 R S
T
12
R
S

10

Angle of elevation:

Angle of depression:

Ex 4: A tree casts a 17 foot shadow when the angle of elevation to the sun is 62º. How tall is the tree?

Sec 5.6: Law of Sines

The law of sines allows us to solve for missing parts of

and

Use the law of sines to solve a triangle when given

if we are given a

SAA (side-angle-angle) and ASA (angle-side-angle) always gives

Ex 1: Solve ΔABC if A = 32º14’, B = 57º40’ and c = 14.3

Sec 5.7: Law of Cosines

Law of cosines used to solve a triangle when given

Use the law of cosines first to solve a triangle when given use the law of sines to find other missing parts.

SSS (side-side-side) and SAS (side-angle-side)

Always find

side

or

always gives

angle first.

Then

Ex 1: Solve ΔABC if A = 39º24’, b = 12 and c = 14. (round <’s nearest degree; sides nearest tenth)

Ex 2:

Find c if C = 102º, a = 84 and b = 78

Ex 3: Solve ΔABC if a = 19, b = 24.3 and c = 21.8. (Round to nearest minute)

More Sec 5.6 and 5.7: Law of Sines and Law of Cosines

SSA (side-side-angle):

Steps for solving a SSA triangle

1).

2).

3).

4).

Ex 1: Solve ΔABC if A = 58º, b = 14 and a = 10.

Ex 2: Solve ΔABC if A = 140º, b = 10 and a = 3.

Ex 3:

Solve ΔABC if B = 60º, c = 4 and b = 2

Ex 4:

C = 38º, b = 10 and c = 8

3
3

Ex 5:

B = 160°, a = 10, A = 41°

Ex 6:

B = 115º, a = 7 and b = 11

Area of oblique triangles:

Sec 5.8: Area of Triangles

Ex 1: Find the area of ΔABC if a = 8.4, b = 10 and C = 108°. (round to nearest tenth)

Ex 2: Find the area of ΔABC if a = 14.2, A = 18°50’ and B = 69°18’.

Hero’s (Heron’s) Formula: Use to find area of a triangle if

are known.

Ex 3: Use Hero’s formula to find the area of ΔABC if a = 30, b = 50 and c = 56.

Area of a circular segment of a circle:

b = 50 and c = 56. Area of a circular segment of a circle: Ex

Ex 4: A sector has a central angle of 140º in a circle with radius 12.5 inches. Find the area of the circular segment (nearest tenth).

12.5 inches. Find the area of the circular segment (nearest tenth). J. Bentley Page 13 Honors