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1

Index

Sl

Topic

Marks

Page No

no

1

questions from Triangles.(theorem)

4

3-9

2

questions from constructions

5

9-16

3

questions from linear eqns (graph)

4

16-21

4

questions from stat (problems)

3

21-28

5

questions from circles(theorem)

3

28-30

6

questions from stat (ogive con)

3

30-34

7

questions from QE (Formula And factn)

2

34-35

8

questions from prob

2

36-37

9

questions from co-ord

2

37-38

10

questions from real no

2

39-39

11

conclusion

pass

40-40

4 Marks question from Triangles. 1)Thales Theorem|Basic proportionality Theorem If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio. Given: If DE line is

Given: If DE line is drawn parallel to side BC of ∆ ABC to intersect the AB and AC sides at distinct points D and E. To prove: AD/DB =AE/EC Construction: Join BE, Join CD Draw DM AC, and ENAB Proof:

STATEMENTS

 

REASONS

In ADE, Area of ADE =½ AD X EN

Area of Δ = ½ X Base X Height

IN BDE, Area of BDE = ½

DB X EN

Area of Δ

= ½ X Base X Height

ADE

=

½ ADXEN

   

BDE

½ DBXEN

 

=

AD

--------(1)

 

DB

Similarly, In ADE , Area of ADE = ½ AE X DM

Area of = ½ X Base X Height

In DEC Area of DEC = ½ EC X DM

Area of =½

X Base X Height

ADE

=

½

AEXDM

 

DEC

½

ECXDM

 

AE

=

EC

--------(1)

Two triangles BDE And DEC are on the same base DCand between parallel lines DE BC. ar(BDE) = ar(DEC )-----------------(3)

 

From (1) ,(2) AND (3) WE GET

 

AD/DB = AE/EC

 

THEOREM- 2 2)The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of their corresponding sides

to the square of the ratio of their corresponding sides Given: ABC and PQR are similar

Given: ABC and PQR are similar triangles such that

Δ ABC ~

To prove:

Δ PQR

ar(ABC)

ar(PQR)

AB

PQ

(

AB

PQ

)

2

=(

BC

QR

) 2

(

CA

RP

)

2

=

=

Construction;Draw altitudes AM and PN Proof:

SSTTAATTEEMMEENNTTSS

 

RREEAASSOONNSS

Area of ABC = ½ BC X AM

Area of =½

X Base X Height

Area of PQR =

½

QR X PN

Area of =½

X Base X Height

ar ABC

½ BCXAM

   

ar PQR

=

½ QRXPN

BCXAM

 

------------(1)

=

QRXPN

--------

IInn Δ ABM , and Δ PQN <B = <Q

Δ ABC ~

Δ PQR

<M = <N

 

Each angle is 90

Δ ABC ~

Δ PQR

 

AA criteria

Therefore,AM/PN =

 

-----------------(2)

AB/PQ-----------

 

Given

also,​ Δ ABC ~ Δ PQR so,AB/PQ = BC/QR =CA

 

-------------------(3)

/RP-----------------

 

ar ABC

=

ABXAM

ar PQR

PQXPN

 
 

ABXAB

 
 

=

PQXPQ

 

=(

AB

)

2

PQ

Now using (3), we get

   
 

ar(ABC)

=

AB

(

AB

)

2

=(

BC

) 2

=

ar(PQR)

PQ

PQ

QR

(

CA

)

2

RP

3)Pythagoras Theorem In a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides

is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides Given:ABC is right

Given:ABC is right angled triangle,right angled at B

To prove : AC

Construction:Draw BDAC

2

AB 2

BC 2

=

+

SSTTAATTEEMMEENNTTSS

RREEAASSOONNSS

Δ ABC ~

Δ PQR

 

If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse then triangles on both sides of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other

So,

AD/AB = AB/AC

 

Sides are proportional

AD

X AC = AB 2

----------------------------(1)

ALSO, Δ BDC ~

Δ ABC

 

If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse then triangles on both sides of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other

So, CD/BC = BC/AC

   

CD

X AC = BC 2

------------------(2)

Adding (1) and (2)

   

AD

X AC + CD X AC = AB

2

+ BC 2

AC (AD +CD) = AB

2

+ BC 2

AC X AC = AB

2

+ BC 2

 

2

AC =

AB 2

+ BC 2

 
4)Converse of pythagoras theorem. In a triangle, if square of one side is equal to
4)Converse of pythagoras theorem. In a triangle, if square of one side is equal to
4)Converse of pythagoras theorem. In a triangle, if square of one side is equal to

4)Converse of pythagoras theorem. In a triangle, if square of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, then the angle opposite the first side is a right angle.

then the angle opposite the first side is a right angle. Given:In Δ ABC, AC =

Given:In Δ ABC, AC =

To prove : <B =90 Construction: draw Δ PQR right angled at Q such that PQ = AB and QR = BC Proof:,

2

AB 2 + BC 2

SSTTAATTEEMMEENNTTSS

 

RREEAASSOONNSS

From Δ PQR, we have; PR

2

=

pythagoras theorem as

2

PQ + QR 2

 

<Q=90

2

PR =

AB 2

+ BC 2

By construction----------(1)

but, AC = so,AC = PR

2

AB 2

+ BC 2

Given---------------------(2)

FROM (1) AND (2)-----(3)

Now, in Δ ABC and Δ PQR AB = PQ BC =QR AC =PR

By construction By construction From (3)

ssoo,, Δ ABCΔ PQR Therefore <B = <Q

But,<Q =90 So, <B =90

SSS congruence CPCT By construction

3 Marks question from constructions 1)Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm and then another triangle whose sides are 7/5 of the corresponding sides of the first triangle. Justification.

∆ABC~∆A1BC1

Therefore AB/A1B=AC/A1C1=BC/BC1 But BC/BC1=BB5/BB7=5/7 so, BC/BC1 = 7/5 and Thus A1B/AB =A1C1/AC = BC1/BC =5/7

2) ​ ​ Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm

2)Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm and then a triangle similar to it whose sides are of the corresponding sides of the first triangle.

sides are of the corresponding sides of the first triangle. 3)Construct an isosceles triangle whose base

3)Construct an isosceles triangle whose base is 8 cm and altitude 4 cm and then

another triangle whose sides are 1,1/2 isosceles triangle.

times the corresponding sides of the

4)Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and

4)Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and <ABC = 60°. Then construct a triangle whose sides are 3/4 of the corresponding sides of the triangle ABC.

are 3/4 of the corresponding sides of the triangle ABC. 5)Draw a triangle ABC with side

5)Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, <B = 45°, <A = 105°. Then, construct atriangle whose sides are 4/3 times the corresponding sides of ABC.

6)Draw a right triangle in which the sides (other than hypotenuse) are of lengths 4

6)Draw a right triangle in which the sides (other than hypotenuse) are of lengths 4 cm and3 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are 5/3 times the corresponding sides of the given triangle.

4 cm and3 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are 5/3 times the corresponding sides

7)Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and < B = 90°. BD is the perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B, C, D is drawn. Construct the tangents from A to this circle

C, D is drawn. Construct the tangents from A to this circle 8)Draw a line segment

8)Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangent to each circle from the centre of the other circle

B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangent to each circle from

9)Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take two points P and Q on one of its extended diameters each at a distance of 7 cm from its centre. Draw tangents to the circle from these two points P and Q.

Draw tangents to the circle from these two points P and Q. 10)Construct a tangent to

10)Construct a tangent to a circle of radius 4 cm from a point on the concentric circle of radius 6 cm and measure its length. Also verify the measurement by actual calculation.

on the concentric circle of radius 6 cm and measure its length. Also verify the measurement

2 Marks question from constructions

1)Draw a circle of radius 6 cm. From a point 10 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths

the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths 2)Draw a pair of tangents

2)Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other at an angle of 60°. Solution: We have to draw tangents at the ends of two radii which are inclined to each other at 60+60=120

of two radii which are inclined to each other at 60+60=120 3)Draw a line segment of

3)Draw a line segment of length 8 cm and divide it in the ratio 3:2. Measure the two parts.

4 Marks question from pair of linear equations in two variables. 1)solve graphically x+3y =

4 Marks question from pair of linear equations in two variables.

1)solve graphically x+3y = 6 2x-3y =12

x

1

2

3

y

5/3=1.6

4/3 =1.3

1

x

1

2

3

y

-10/3=-3.3

-8/3=-2.6

-6/3 =-2

2)solve graphically X+3y =6 3y =6-x

Y =

6−x

3

Y =

6−x

3

=

6−1

=

6−2

3 3

4

3

5

3

2x -3y =12 -3y =12-2x

=

=

Y =

12−2x

−3

Y =

Y =

6−x

3

=

6−3

3

=

3

3

12−2x

−3

12−2(1)

−3

12−2

−3

10

−3

Y =

Y =

Y =

12−2(2)

−3

12−4

−3

8

−3

Y =

Y =

Y =

Y =

Y =

Y =

Y =

12−2x

−3

12−2(3)

−3

12−6

−3

6

−3

12−2 x −3 12−2(3) −3 12−6 −3 6 −3 Lines are intersecting and having exactly one

Lines are intersecting and having exactly one solution.

2)Solve graphically x+y =5 2x+2Y =10

x

 

1

2

3

y

 

4

3

2

x

 

1

2

3

y

 

4

3

4

x+y =5

 

Y

= 5- x

Y

= 5 -x

 

Y = 5 -x

 

Y = 5 -x = 5 - 3

 

=5

- 1

=

5-2

=

4

= 3

 

=

2

2x+2Y =10 2y =10 - 2x

 

Y

=

10 −2x

 

Y =

10 −2x

 

Y =

10 −2x

 

2

2

2

=

10 −2(1)

=

=

2

10 −2

2

8

2

=4

=

=

=

10 −2(2)

2

10 −4

2

6

2

=3

=

=

10 −2(3)

2

10 −6

=

2

4

2

=2

Lines are coincident and having infinitely many solutions. 3)Solve graphically 2x-2y =2 4x-4Y =5 x

Lines are coincident and having infinitely many solutions.

3)Solve graphically 2x-2y =2 4x-4Y =5

x

1

2

3

y

0

1

2

x

1

2

3

y

-¼ =-0.25

¾ =0.75

7/4 =1.75

2x-2y =2

-2y =2-2x

y

= (

2 −2x

−2

)

y =

(

2

−2x

−2

)

y =

(

2

−2x

−2

)

y = (

2 −2(1)

−2

)

y =

(

2 −2(2)

−2

)

y =

(

2

−2(3)

−2

y

= (

= (

2 −2

−2

0

−2

)

(

2

−4

−2

)

(

−2

−2

)

y = 2

y =

y

y = 0

4x -4y= 5 -4y = 5-4x

y

)

y =

y = 1

= (

5 −4x

−4

)

(

5

−4x

−4

y =

y =

y =

(

−4

−2

(

2 −6

−2

)

)

)

y =

(

5

−4x

−4

)

y = (

y

= (

5 −4(1)

−4

5 −4

−4

)

)

y =

y =

(

(

5

−4(2)

−4

5 −8)

−4

)

)

y =

y =

(

5

−4(3)

−4

(

5 −12

−4

)

)

)

1

y = ( Y =-¼

−4

)

y =

(

−3)

−4

)

y = ¾

−7

−4

)

y =

(

y =1.75

−4 ) y = ( −3) −4 ) y = ¾ −7 −4 ) y =

Lines are parallel and having infinitely no solutions Solve graphically(Try these on your own)

1)

x – 2y = 0

3x + 4y – 20 = 0 . 2)2x + 3y – 9 = 0 4x + 6y – 18 = 0 .3) x + 2y – 4 = 0 2x + 4y – 12 = 0

3 marks questions from statistics Find mean from following data.

Number of plants

0 - 2

2 - 4

4 - 6

6 - 8

8 - 10

10 - 12

12 -

14

Number of houses

1

2

1

5

6

2

3

1)DIRECT METHOD

CI

fi

 

xi

xifi

   

0

- 2

1

 

0

1

2

1

X 1 = 1

Σxifi x=
Σxifi
x=

Σfi

 

2

- 4

2

2

3

4

3

X 2 = 6

 

4

- 6

1

4

5

6

5

X 1 = 5

x=

162

5

6

7

8

7

X 5 = 35

20

6

- 8

6

8

9

10

9

X 6 = 54

x=8.1

 

8

-10

2

10

11

12

11

X 2 =22

10

- 12

3

12

13

14

13

X 3 = 39

   

12

- 14

   
 

Σfi =

 

Σxifi = 162

   

2)ASSUMED MEAN METHOD

 

CI

fi

xi

di

difi

 

0

- 2

1

0

1

2

1-7=-6

-6 X 1 =-6

 

2

- 4

2

2

3

4

3-7=-4

-4

X 2 = -8

-16

4

- 6

1

4

5

6

5-7=-2

-2 X 1 =-2

6

- 8

5

6

7

8

7-7=0

0

X 5 =0

6

8

9

10

9-7=+2

2

X 6 =12

8

-10

2

10

11

12

11-7=+4

4

X 2 =8

38

10

- 12

3

12

13

14

13-7=+6

6

X 3 18

12

- 14

   
 

Σfi

= 2

   

Σdifi = 22

 

Σxifi

 

x=A+

Σfi

 

22

x= 7+ 20

 

x=7 + 1.1

x= 8.1 3)STEP DEVIATION METHOD

CI

fi

xi

di

di/h

 

0

- 2

1

0

1

2

1-7=-6

-6 X 1 =-6/2 =-3

 

2

- 4

2

2

3

4

3-7=-4

-4

X 2 = -8/2 = -4

-8

4

- 6

1

4

5

6

5-7=-2

-2 X 1 =-2/2 = -1

 

5

6

7

8

7-7=0

0

X 5 =0/2

= 0

6

- 8

6

8

9

10

9-7=+2

2

X 6 =12/2 =6

 

8

-10

2

10

11

12

11-7=+4

4

X 2 =8/2 = 4

+19

10

- 12

3

12

13

14

13-7=+6

6

X 3= 18/2 =9

12

- 14

   
 

Σfi

= 2

   

Σdifi =

11

 

x=A+

Σxifi

Σfi

X h

x= 7+

11

20

X 2

x=7 + .55 X 2

x= 7.1 + 1.1 x= 8.1

1) Find the mean from the following data.(Try these on your own)

Number of heartbeats

65 - 68

68 - 71

71 - 74

74 - 77

77 - 80

80 - 83

83 - 86

per minute

Number of women

2

4

3

8

7

4

2

2)Find the mean from the following data.

 

Number of mangoes

50 - 52

53 - 55

56 - 58

59 - 61

62 - 64

Number of Boxes

15

110

135

115

25

3)Find the mean from the following data.

Daily expenditure

100 - 150

150 - 200

200 - 250

250 - 300

 

300 - 350

(in `) Number of households

4

 

5

12

2

2

4)Find the mean from the following data

 

Concentration of SO2 -0.00 - 0.04 0.04 - 0.08 0.08 - 0.12

0.12 - 0.16

0.16 - 0.20

0.20 0.24 2

(in ppm)

Frequency

4

9

9

2

4

2

5)Find the mean from the following data

 

Number of

0 - 6

6 - 10

10 - 14

14 - 20

20 - 28

 

28 - 38

38 - 40

Days

Number of students

11

10

7

4

4

3

1

6)Find the mean from the following data

Literacy rate (in %)

45 - 55

55 - 65

65 - 75

75 - 85

85 - 95

Number of cities

3

10

11

8

3

4)Find the mode of this data.

Family size Number of families

1 - 3

7

CI

f

1-3

7

fo

3-5

8

f1

5-7

2

f2

7-9

2

9-11

1

Model class 3-5 Lower limit 3 Higher limit 5

3 - 5

8

5 - 7

2

7 - 9

2

9 - 11

1

Class size 3-1 =2

Mode = l + (

f1−f0

2f1 −f0 −f2

) h

3+(

8−7

2(8) −7 −2

1

16 −7 −2

=

= 3 + (

) 2

) 2

= 3 + (

1

16 −9

) 2

= 3 + (

1

7

) 2

= 3 + (

= 3 + .286 = 3.286

2

7

)

1)Find mode of the given data.(Try the following on your own)

Runs scored

Number of batsmen

3000

- 4000

4

4000

- 5000

18

5000

- 6000

9

6000

- 7000

7

7000

- 8000

6

8000

- 9000

3

9000

- 10000

1

10000 - 11000

1

2)Find the mode of the given data

Number of cars 0 - 10

10 - 20

20 - 30

30 - 40

40 - 50

50 - 60

60 - 70

70 - 80

Frequency

7

14

13

12

20

11

15

8

3)Find the mode of the following data.

Length (in mm) 118 - 126 127 - 135

136 - 144

145 - 153

154 - 162

163 - 171

172 - 180

Number of leaves

3

5

9

12

5

4

2

4) Find the mode of the following data.

 

Life time (in hours)

 

Number of lamps

 

1500

- 2000

14

2000

- 2500

56

2500

- 3000

60

3000

- 3500

86

3500

- 4000

74

4000

- 4500

62

4500

- 5000

48

5)Find the mode from the following data.

Weight (in kg)

40 - 45

 

45 - 50

50 - 55

55 - 60

60 - 65

65 - 70

70 - 75

Number of students

2

3

8

6

6

3

5)Find median of the following data.

Marks

Number of

students

0-10

5

10-20

3

20-30

4

30-40

3

40-50

3

2

50-60

4

60-70

7

70-80

9

80-90

7

90-100

8

1)Less than type

Marks ci

Number of

cf

students f

10

5

5

20

3

5+3 = 8

30

4

8+ 4 =12

40

3

12+3 =15

50

3

15

+ 3 =18

60

4

18

+ 4 =22

60-70

7

22+ 7 =29

80

9

29

+9 =38

90

7

38

+ 7 =45

100

8

45

+ 8 =53

n/2 = 53/2 = 26 .5

where l = 60 n = 53 cf = 29 f = 7

h = 10

(

n

2

cf)

Median = l +

= 60 +

= 60 +

(

f
53

2

h

− 22)

7

(26.5− 22)

7

(4.5)

10

10

= 10

60 +

= 60 +

=

7

(45)

7

(45)

7

60 + = 60 + 6.4 = 66.4 Try the following on your own

1)The lengths of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to the nearest millimetre, and the data obtained is represented in the following table :

Length (in mm)

Number of leaves

118

- 126

3

127

- 135

5

136

- 144

9

145

- 153

12

154

- 162

5

163

- 171

4

172

- 180

2

2)The following table gives the distribution of the life time of 400 neon lamps : Find the median life time of a lamp

Life time (in hours)

Number of lamps

1500

- 2000

14

2000

- 2500

56

2500

- 3000

60

3000

- 3500

86

3500

- 4000

74

4000

- 4500

62

4500

- 5000

48

3 marks question from circles.

THEOREM-1

The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal

Given: O is the circle , P is a point lying outside the circle and

Given: O is the circle , P is a point lying outside the circle and two tangents PQ, PR on the circle from P . To prove : PQ = PR. Construction:we join OP, OQ and OR Proof:

Statement

Reasons

<OQP = <ORP = 90

angles between the radii and tangents

In right triangles OQP and ORP OQ = QR OP = OP Therefore, Δ OQP Δ ORP

Radii of the same circle Common RHS

PQ = PR

CPCT

THEOREM-2

The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact. Given; O is the circle and

Given; O is the circle and XY is the tangent to the circle at a point P.

To prove:OP XY Construction ; Take a point Q on XY other than P and join OQ

Statement

Reasons

OP = OQ

Radii of same circle

OQ = OR + RQ

 

OQ> OR

 

OQ>OP True for any point on XY So, OP Is shortest distance And OP XY

Shortest distance is always perpendicular.

3 marks question from statistics.

Marks

Number of students

0 - 10

5

10

- 20

3

20

- 30

4

30

- 40

3

40

- 50

3

50

- 60

4

60

- 70

7

70

- 80

9

80

- 90

7

90

- 100

8

1)less than method

Marks CI

Number of

cf

students f

10

5

5

20

3

5

+ 3 =8

30

4

8

+ 4 =12

40

3

12

+ 3 =15

50

3

15

+ 3 = 18

60

4

18

+ 4 = 22

70

7

22

+ 7 = 29

80

9

29

+ 9 = 38

90

7

38

+ 7 = 45

100

8

45

+ 8 =53

90 7 38 + 7 = 45 100 8 45 + 8 =53 2)More than method

2)More than method

Marks CI

Number of

cf

students f

0

5

53

10

3

53

- 5 =48

20

4

48

- 3 =45

30

3

45

- 4 =41

40

3

41

- 3 = 38

50

4

38

- 3 = 35

60

7

35

- 4 =31

70

9

31

- 7 = 24

80

7

24

- 9 = 15

90

8

15- 7 =8

7 = 24 80 7 24 - 9 = 15 90 8 15- 7 =8 Try

Try the following on your own

1)Construct ‘ogive’ for the following distribution

C.I

0-3

3-6

6-9

9-12

12-15

F

9

3

5

3

1

2) construct the ogive for the following distribution

Classes

5 - 10 10 - 15 15 - 20 20 - 25 25 - 30 30 - 35 35 - 40

No. of shops

2

12

2

4

3

4

3

3)​construct the ogive for the following distribution

Daily income (in `)

180 180 - 200

Number of workers

10

100 - 120

12

120 - 140

14

140 - 160

8

160 -

6

4)construct the ogive for the following distribution

Weight (in kg)

Number of students

Less than 38

0

Less than 40

3

Less than 42

5

Less than 44

9

Less than 46

14

Less than 48

28

Less than 50

32

Less than 52

35

5)construct the ogive for the following distribution

Production yield

50 - 55

55 - 60

60 - 65

65 - 70

70 - 75

75 - 80

(in kg/ha)

Number of farms

2

8

12

24

38

16

6))construct the ogive for the following distribution

Profit (` in lakhs)

Number of shops (frequency)

More than or equal to 5

30

More than or equal to 10

28

More than or equal to 15

16

More than or equal to 20

14

More than or equal to 25

10

More than or equal to 30

7

More than or equal to 35

3

7)construct the ogive for the following distribution

Classes

5 - 10

10 - 15

15 - 20

20 - 25

25 - 30

30 - 35

35 - 40

No. of shops

2

12

2

4

3

4

3

2 marks questions from quadratic equation

1) Find the roots of the equation 2x ^2 – 5x + 3 = 0, by factorisation. 2x ^2 – 5x + 3 = 0,

2 X 3 = 6 (multiply coefficients of x^2 and c) (2 X + 2) ( 2X + 3) = 0 (2 X + 2) = 0 ( 2X + 3) = 0

2 X =-2

2

X =-3

X = -2/2

X

= -3/2

Try the following on your own 1) Find the roots of the equation x ^2 – 3x -10 = 0, by factorisation. 2)Find the roots of the equation 2 x ^2 + x -6 = 0, by factorisation. 3)Find the roots of the equation 100 x ^2 -20 x + 1 = 0, by factorisation. 4) solve 2x^ 2 – x + 1/ 8 = 0 by factorisation.

2)Find the roots of the quadratic equations, by formula method. 2x^ 2 – 7x + 3 = 0

a = 2

b = -7

c = 3

X

X

=

=

X =

b± b 2 −4ac

ˆ

2a

−(−7)± (−7) 2 −4(2)(3)

ˆ

2(2)

49−4(6)

4

X =

49−24

4

X =

X =

25

4

7+5

4

=

12

4

=3

X =

7−5

4

=

2

4

=

1

2

1)Solve 2x ^ 2 + x – 528 = 0 by using the quadratic formula. 2)Solve 3x ^2 – 5x + 2 = 0 by using the quadratic formula. 3)Solve x^2 + 4x + 5 = 0 by using the quadratic formula

4)Solve 2x^2 – 2 √2

5)Solve 2x^ 2 – 7x + 3 = 0 by using the quadratic formula 6)Solve 2x^ 2 + x – 4 = 0 by using the quadratic formula

7) solve 4x^2 +4 √3 x +3 =0 by using the quadratic formula 8) solve 2x^ 2 + x + 4 = 0 by using the quadratic formula

x + 1 = 0 by using the quadratic formula

2 marks questions from probability

1)Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously ,What is the probability that she gets at least one head? Sample space {HH,HT,TH,TT} =4 Meaning of at least -towards more Event {HH,HT,TH}

Probability =

2)Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously ,What is the probability that she gets at most one head? Sample space {HH,HT,TH,TT} =4 Meaning of at most -towards less Event {TT,HT,TH}

Probability =

3)Two dice, one blue and one grey, are thrown at the same time. Write down all the possible outcomes. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers appearing on the top of the dice is 13? Sample space= {(1,1) (1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (1,6) (2,1) (2,2) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (2,6) (3,1) (3,2) (3,3) (3,4) (3,5) (3,6) (4,1) (4,2) (4,3)(4,4) (4,5) (4,6) (5,1) ( 5,2) (5,3) (5,4) (5,5) (5,6) (6,1) (6,2) (6,3) (6,4) (6,5) ( 6,6)} =36

Event= {}

Probability =

4)A bag contains lemon flavoured candies only. Malini takes out one candy without looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out an a lemon flavoured candy? Sample space ={lemon flavoured candies} = 1 Event= {lemon flavoured candies} =1

Probability =

5)A box contains 5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles. One marble is taken out of the box at random. What is the probability that the marble taken out will be not green? Sample space ={5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles} = 17 Event= {5 red marbles, 8 white marbles} =13

Probability =

Try the following on your own

n(E)

n(S)

=

3

4

n(E)

n(S)

=

3

4

n(E)

n(S)

=

o

36

= 0

n(E)

n(S)

=

1

1

= 1

n(E)

n(S)

=

13

17

1)A box contains 90 discs which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at random from

the box, find the probability that it bears a number divisible by 5.

2)A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good. Nuri will buy a

pen if it is good, but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper draws one pen at random and

gives it to her. What is the probability that She will buy it ?

3)A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good. Nuri will buy a

pen if it is good, but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper draws one pen at random and

gives it to her. What is the probability that She will not buy it ?

4)A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Hanif

wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e., three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise.

Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game.

5)A die is thrown twice. What is the probability that 5 will not come up either time?

6) A die is thrown twice. What is the probability that 5 will come up at least once?

2 marks questions from coordinate geometry.

1) Find the coordinates of the point which divides the join of (–1, 7) and (4, –3) in the

X1 =

-1

y1 =

7

p(x,y) ={

p(x,y) ={

mx2 +nx1

m+n

my2 +ny1

,

m+n

}

(2)(4) +(3)(−1)

(2)+(3)

,

(2)(−3) +(3)(7)

(2)+(3)

p(x,y) ={

p(x,y) ={

8 −3

5

5

5

,

,

15

5

−6 +21

5

}

}

p(x,y) =(1,3)

x2 =

}

4

y2 = - 3

m =2

n = 3

ratio 2 : 3

2)Determine if the points (1, 5), (2, 3) and (– 2, – 11) are collinear.

1 5

2

3

-2 -11

 

2 3

-2 -11

1

5

-

-

+

+

-

-

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-1

2

4

14

-3

-16

d = (x2 − x1) 2

+ (y2 − y1) 2

d

= (− 1)

2

+ (2)

2

d

d

d

d

d

= √1 +

4

= √5

= (x2 − x1) 2

+ (y2 − y1) 2

= (4)

2

2

+ (14)

= √16 +

196

d

d

d

= √212

=

√ ( x 2 − x 1) 2

(x2 − x1) 2

+ ( y 2 − y 1) 2

+ (y2 − y1) 2

= (− 3)

2

2

+ (16)

d = √9 +

d = √265