Index
Sl 
Topic 
Marks 
Page No 
no 

1 
questions from Triangles.(theorem) 
4 
39 
2 
questions from constructions 
5 
916 
3 
questions from linear eqns (graph) 
4 
1621 
4 
questions from stat (problems) 
3 
2128 
5 
questions from circles(theorem) 
3 
2830 
6 
questions from stat (ogive con) 
3 
3034 
7 
questions from QE (Formula And factn) 
2 
3435 
8 
questions from prob 
2 
3637 
9 
questions from coord 
2 
3738 
10 
questions from real no 
2 
3939 
11 
conclusion 
pass 
4040 
2
4 Marks question from Triangles. 1)Thales TheoremBasic proportionality Theorem If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
Given: If DE line is drawn parallel to side BC of ∆ ABC to intersect the AB and AC sides at distinct points D and E. To prove: AD/DB =AE/EC Construction: Join BE, Join CD Draw DM ⊥AC, and EN⊥ AB Proof:
STATEMENTS 
REASONS 

In ADE, Area of ADE =½ AD X EN 
Area of Δ = ½ X Base X Height 

IN BDE, Area of BDE = ½ 
DB X EN 
Area of Δ 
= ½ X Base X Height 

∆ADE 
= 
½ ADXEN 

∆BDE 
½ DBXEN 

= 
AD 
(1) 

DB 
3
Similarly, In ADE , Area of ADE = ½ AE X DM 
Area of = ½ X Base X Height 

In DEC Area of DEC = ½ EC X DM 
Area of =½ 
X Base X Height 

∆ADE 
= 
½ 
AEXDM 

∆DEC 
½ 
ECXDM 

AE 

= 
EC 
(1) 

Two triangles BDE And DEC are on the same base DC and between parallel lines DE BC. ar(BDE) = ar(DEC )(3) 

From (1) ,(2) AND (3) WE GET 

AD/DB = AE/EC 
4
THEOREM 2 2)The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the square of the ratio of their corresponding sides
Given: ABC and PQR are similar triangles such that
Δ ABC ~
To prove:
Δ PQR
ar(ABC)
ar(PQR)
AB
PQ
(
AB
PQ
)
2
=(
BC
QR
) ^{2}
(
CA
RP
)
2
=
=
Construction;Draw altitudes AM and PN Proof:
SSTTAATTEEMMEENNTTSS 
RREEAASSOONNSS 

Area of ABC = ½ BC X AM 
Area of =½ 
X Base X Height 

Area of PQR = 
½ 
QR X PN 
Area of =½ 
X Base X Height 

ar ∆ABC 
½ BCXAM 

ar ∆PQR 
= 
½ QRXPN 

BCXAM 
(1) 

= 
QRXPN 
 

IInn Δ ABM , and Δ PQN <B = <Q 
Δ ABC ~ 
Δ PQR 
5
<M = <N 
Each angle is 90 

Δ ABC ~ 
Δ PQR 
AA criteria 

Therefore,AM/PN = 
(2) 

AB/PQ 
Given 

also, Δ ABC ~ Δ PQR so,AB/PQ = BC/QR =CA 
(3) 

/RP 

ar ∆ABC 
= 
ABXAM 

ar ∆PQR 
PQXPN 

ABXAB 

= 
PQXPQ 

=( 
AB 
) 
2 

PQ 

Now using (3), we get 

ar(ABC) 
= 
AB 
( 
AB 
) 
2 
=( 
BC 
) ^{2} 
= 

ar(PQR) 
PQ 
PQ 
QR 

( 
CA 
) 
2 

RP 
3)Pythagoras Theorem In a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides
Given:ABC is right angled triangle,right angled at B
To prove : AC
Construction:Draw BD⊥ AC
2
AB ^{2}
BC ^{2}
=
+
6
SSTTAATTEEMMEENNTTSS 
RREEAASSOONNSS 

Δ ABC ~ Δ PQR 
If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse then triangles on both sides of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other 

So, AD/AB = AB/AC 
Sides are proportional 

AD X AC = AB ^{2} 
(1) 

ALSO, Δ BDC ~ Δ ABC 
If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse then triangles on both sides of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other 

So, CD/BC = BC/AC 

CD X AC = BC ^{2} 
(2) 

Adding (1) and (2) 

AD X AC + CD X AC = AB 
2 
+ BC ^{2} 

AC (AD +CD) = AB 
2 + BC ^{2} 

AC X AC = AB 
2 + BC ^{2} 

2 AC = AB ^{2} + BC ^{2} 
7
4)Converse of pythagoras theorem. In a triangle, if square of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, then the angle opposite the first side is a right angle.
Given:In Δ ABC, AC =
To prove : <B =90 Construction: draw Δ PQR right angled at Q such that PQ = AB and QR = BC Proof:,
^{2}
AB ^{2} + BC ^{2}
SSTTAATTEEMMEENNTTSS 
RREEAASSOONNSS 

From Δ PQR, we have; PR 
2 
= 
pythagoras theorem as 

2 PQ + QR ^{2} 
<Q=90 

2 PR = AB ^{2} 
+ BC ^{2} 
By construction(1) 

but, AC = so,AC = PR 2 AB ^{2} 
+ BC ^{2} 
Given(2) FROM (1) AND (2)(3) 
8
Now, in Δ ABC and Δ PQR AB = PQ BC =QR AC =PR
By construction By construction From (3)
ssoo,, Δ ABC≅ Δ PQR Therefore <B = <Q
But,<Q =90 So, <B =90
SSS congruence CPCT By construction
3 Marks question from constructions 1)Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm and then another triangle whose sides are 7/5 of the corresponding sides of the first triangle. Justification.
∆ABC~∆A1BC1
Therefore AB/A1B=AC/A1C1=BC/BC1 But BC/BC1=BB5/BB7=5/7 so, BC/BC1 = 7/5 and Thus A1B/AB =A1C1/AC = BC1/BC =5/7
9
2)Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm and then a triangle similar to it whose sides are of the corresponding sides of the first triangle.
3)Construct an isosceles triangle whose base is 8 cm and altitude 4 cm and then
another triangle whose sides are 1,1/2 isosceles triangle.
times the corresponding sides of the
10
4)Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and <ABC = 60°. Then construct a triangle whose sides are 3/4 of the corresponding sides of the triangle ABC.
5)Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, <B = 45°, <A = 105°. Then, construct atriangle whose sides are 4/3 times the corresponding sides of ABC.
11
6)Draw a right triangle in which the sides (other than hypotenuse) are of lengths 4 cm and3 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are 5/3 times the corresponding sides of the given triangle.
12
7)Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and < B = 90°. BD is the perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B, C, D is drawn. Construct the tangents from A to this circle
8)Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangent to each circle from the centre of the other circle
13
9)Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take two points P and Q on one of its extended diameters each at a distance of 7 cm from its centre. Draw tangents to the circle from these two points P and Q.
10)Construct a tangent to a circle of radius 4 cm from a point on the concentric circle of radius 6 cm and measure its length. Also verify the measurement by actual calculation.
14
2 Marks question from constructions
1)Draw a circle of radius 6 cm. From a point 10 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths
2)Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other at an angle of 60°. Solution: We have to draw tangents at the ends of two radii which are inclined to each other at 60+60=120
3)Draw a line segment of length 8 cm and divide it in the ratio 3:2. Measure the two parts.
15
4 Marks question from pair of linear equations in two variables.
1)solve graphically x+3y = 6 2x3y =12
x 
1 
2 
3 
y 
5/3=1.6 
4/3 =1.3 
1 
x 
1 
2 
3 
y 
10/3=3.3 
8/3=2.6 
6/3 =2 
2)solve graphically X+3y =6 3y =6x
16
Y =
6−x
3
Y =
6−x
3
=
6−1
=
6−2
3 3
4
3
5
3
2x 3y =12 3y =122x
=
=
Y =
12−2x
−3
Y =
Y =
6−x
3
=
6−3
3
=
3
3
12−2x
−3
12−2(1)
−3
12−2
−3
10
−3
Y =
Y =
Y =
12−2(2)
−3
12−4
−3
8
−3
Y =
Y =
Y =
Y =
Y =
Y =
Y =
12−2x
−3
12−2(3)
−3
12−6
−3
6
−3
Lines are intersecting and having exactly one solution.
17
2)Solve graphically x+y =5 2x+2Y =10
x 
1 
2 
3 

y 
4 
3 
2 

x 
1 
2 
3 

y 
4 
3 
4 

x+y =5 

Y 
= 5 x 

Y 
= 5 x 
Y = 5 x 
Y = 5 x = 5  3 

=5 
 1 
= 
52 

= 
4 
= 3 
= 
2 

2x+2Y =10 2y =10  2x 

Y 
= 
10 −2x 
Y = 
10 −2x 
Y = 
10 −2x 

2 
2 
2 
=
10 −2(1)
=
=
2
10 −2
2
8
2
=4
=
=
=
10 −2(2)
2
10 −4
2
6
2
=3
=
=
10 −2(3)
2
10 −6
=
2
4
2
=2
18
Lines are coincident and having infinitely many solutions.
3)Solve graphically 2x2y =2 4x4Y =5
x 
1 
2 
3 
y 
0 
1 
2 
x 
1 
2 
3 
19
y
¼ =0.25
¾ =0.75
7/4 =1.75
2x2y =2
2y =22x
y
= (
2 −2x
−2
)
y =
(
2
−2x
−2
)
y =
(
2
−2x
−2
)
y = (
2 −2(1)
−2
)
y =
(
2 −2(2)
−2
)
y =
(
2
−2(3)
−2
y
= (
= (
2 −2
−2
0
−2
)
(
2
−4
−2
)
(
−2
−2
)
y = 2
y =
y
y = 0
4x 4y= 5 4y = 54x
y
)
y =
y = 1
= (
5 −4x
−4
)
(
5
−4x
−4
y =
y =
y =
(
−4
−2
(
2 −6
−2
)
)
)
y =
(
5
−4x
−4
)
y = (
y
= (
5 −4(1)
−4
5 −4
−4
)
)
y =
y =
(
(
5
−4(2)
−4
5 −8)
−4
)
)
y =
y =
(
5
−4(3)
−4
(
5 −12
−4
)
)
)
20
1
y = ( Y =¼
−4
)
y =
(
−3)
−4
)
y = ¾
−7
−4
)
y =
(
y =1.75
Lines are parallel and having infinitely no solutions Solve graphically(Try these on your own)
1)
x – 2y = 0
3x + 4y – 20 = 0 . 2)2x + 3y – 9 = 0 4x + 6y – 18 = 0 .3) x + 2y – 4 = 0 2x + 4y – 12 = 0
3 marks questions from statistics Find mean from following data.
Number of plants 
0  2 
2  4 
4  6 
6  8 
8  10 
10  12 
12  
14 

Number of houses 
1 
2 
1 
5 
6 
2 
3 
21
1)DIRECT METHOD
CI 
fi 
xi 
xifi 

0 
 2 
1 
0 
1 
2 
1 
X 1 = 1 
Σxifi
x=
Σfi 

2 
 4 
2 
2 
3 
4 
3 
X 2 = 6 

4 
 6 
1 
4 
5 
6 
5 
X 1 = 5 
x= 
162 

5 
6 
7 
8 
7 
X 5 = 35 
20 

6 
 8 
6 
8 
9 
10 
9 
X 6 = 54 
x=8.1 

8 
10 
2 
10 
11 
12 
11 X 2 =22 

10 
 12 
3 
12 
13 
14 
13 X 3 = 39 

12 
 14 

Σfi = 
Σxifi = 162 

2)ASSUMED MEAN METHOD 

CI 
fi 
xi 
di 
difi 

0 
 2 
1 
0 
1 
2 
17=6 
6 X 1 =6 

2 
 4 
2 
2 
3 
4 
37=4 
4 
X 2 = 8 
16 

4 
 6 
1 
4 
5 
6 
57=2 
2 X 1 =2 

6 
 8 
5 
6 
7 
8 
77=0 
0 
X 5 =0 

6 
8 
9 
10 
97=+2 
2 
X 6 =12 

8 
10 
2 
10 11 
12 
117=+4 
4 
X 2 =8 
38 

10 
 12 
3 
12 13 
14 
137=+6 
6 
X 3 18 

12 
 14 

Σfi 
= 2 
Σdifi = 22 

Σxifi 

x=A+ Σfi 

22 ^{x}^{=} ^{7}^{+} 20 
22
x=7 + 1.1
x= 8.1 3)STEP DEVIATION METHOD
CI 
fi 
xi 
di 
di/h 

0 
 2 
1 
0 
1 
2 
17=6 
6 X 1 =6/2 =3 

2 
 4 
2 
2 
3 
4 
37=4 
4 
X 2 = 8/2 = 4 
8 

4 
 6 
1 
4 
5 
6 
57=2 
2 X 1 =2/2 = 1 

5 
6 
7 
8 
77=0 
0 
X 5 =0/2 
= 0 

6 
 8 
6 
8 
9 
10 
97=+2 
2 
X 6 =12/2 =6 

8 
10 
2 
10 
11 
12 
117=+4 
4 
X 2 =8/2 = 4 
+19 

10 
 12 
3 
12 
13 
14 
137=+6 
6 
X 3= 18/2 =9 

12 
 14 

Σfi 
= 2 
Σdifi = 11 
x=A+
Σxifi
Σfi
_{X} _{h}
x= 7+
11
20
X 2
x=7 + .55 X 2
x= 7.1 + 1.1 x= 8.1
1) Find the mean from the following data.(Try these on your own)
Number of heartbeats 
65  68 
68  71 
71  74 
74  77 
77  80 
80  83 
83  86 
per minute 

Number of women 
2 
4 
3 
8 
7 
4 
2 
2)Find the mean from the following data. 

Number of mangoes 
50  52 
53  55 
56  58 
59  61 
62  64 

Number of Boxes 
15 
110 
135 
115 
25 
3)Find the mean from the following data.
23
Daily expenditure 
100  150 
150  200 
200  250 
250  300 
300  350 

(in `) Number of households 4 
5 
12 
2 
2 

4)Find the mean from the following data 

Concentration of SO2 0.00  0.04 0.04  0.08 0.08  0.12 
0.12  0.16 
0.16  0.20 0.20 0.24 2 

(in ppm) 

Frequency 
4 
9 
9 
2 
4 
2 

5)Find the mean from the following data 

Number of 
0  6 
6  10 
10  14 
14  20 20  28 
28  38 
38  40 

Days 

Number of students 
11 
10 
7 
4 
4 
3 
1 
6)Find the mean from the following data
Literacy rate (in %) 
45  55 
55  65 
65  75 
75  85 
85  95 
Number of cities 
3 
10 
11 
8 
3 
4)Find the mode of this data.
Family size Number of families
1  3
7
CI 
f 

13 
7 
fo 
35 
8 
f1 
57 
2 
f2 
79 
2 

911 
1 
Model class 35 Lower limit 3 Higher limit 5
3  5
8
5  7
2
7  9
2
9  11
1
24
Class size 31 =2
Mode = l + (
f1−f0
2f1 −f0 −f2
) h
3+(
8−7
2(8) −7 −2
1
16 −7 −2
=
= 3 + (
) 2
) 2
= 3 + (
1
16 −9
) 2
= 3 + (
1
7
) 2
= 3 + (
= 3 + .286 = 3.286
2
7
)
1)Find mode of the given data.(Try the following on your own)
Runs scored
Number of batsmen
3000 
 4000 
4 
4000 
 5000 
18 
5000 
 6000 
9 
6000 
 7000 
7 
7000 
 8000 
6 
8000 
 9000 
3 
9000 
 10000 
1 
10000  11000 
1 
2)Find the mode of the given data
Number of cars 0  10 
10  20 
20  30 
30  40 
40  50 
50  60 
60  70 
70  80 

Frequency 
7 
14 
13 
12 
20 
11 
15 
8 
3)Find the mode of the following data.
25
Length (in mm) 118  126 127  135
136  144
145  153
154  162
163  171
172  180
Number of leaves 3 
5 
9 
12 
5 
4 
2 

4) Find the mode of the following data. 

Life time (in hours) 
Number of lamps 

1500 
 2000 
14 

2000 
 2500 
56 

2500 
 3000 
60 

3000 
 3500 
86 

3500 
 4000 
74 

4000 
 4500 
62 

4500 
 5000 
48 

5)Find the mode from the following data. 

Weight (in kg) 40  45 
45  50 
50  55 
55  60 
60  65 
65  70 
70  75 
Number of students
2
3
8
6
6
3
5)Find median of the following data.
Marks 
Number of 
students 

010 
5 
1020 
3 
2030 
4 
3040 
3 
4050 
3 
2
26
5060 
4 
6070 
7 
7080 
9 
8090 
7 
90100 
8 
1)Less than type
Marks ci 
Number of 
cf 

students f 

10 
5 
5 

20 
3 
5+3 = 8 

30 
4 
8+ 4 =12 

40 
3 
12+3 =15 

50 
3 
15 
+ 3 =18 
60 
4 
18 
+ 4 =22 
6070 
7 
22+ 7 =29 

80 
9 
29 
+9 =38 
90 
7 
38 
+ 7 =45 
100 
8 
45 
+ 8 =53 
n/2 = 53/2 = 26 .5
where l = 60 n = 53 cf = 29 f = 7
27
h = 10
(
n
2
− cf)
Median = l +
= 60 +
= 60 +
(
f
53
2
h
− 22)
7
(26.5− 22)
7
(4.5)
10
10
= 10
60 +
= 60 +
=
7
(45)
7
(45)
7
60 + = 60 + 6.4 = 66.4 Try the following on your own
1)The lengths of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to the nearest millimetre, and the data obtained is represented in the following table :
Length (in mm)
Number of leaves
118 
 126 
3 
127 
 135 
5 
136 
 144 
9 
145 
 153 
12 
154 
 162 
5 
163 
 171 
4 
172 
 180 
2 
2)The following table gives the distribution of the life time of 400 neon lamps : Find the median life time of a lamp
Life time (in hours)
Number of lamps
1500 
 2000 
14 
2000 
 2500 
56 
2500 
 3000 
60 
3000 
 3500 
86 
3500 
 4000 
74 
4000 
 4500 
62 
4500 
 5000 
48 
3 marks question from circles.
THEOREM1
The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal
28
Given: O is the circle , P is a point lying outside the circle and two tangents PQ, PR on the circle from P . To prove : PQ = PR. Construction:we join OP, OQ and OR Proof:
Statement 
Reasons 
<OQP = <ORP = 90 
angles between the radii and tangents 
In right triangles OQP and ORP OQ = QR OP = OP Therefore, Δ OQP ≅ Δ ORP 
Radii of the same circle Common RHS 
PQ = PR 
CPCT 
THEOREM2
The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
Given; O is the circle and XY is the tangent to the circle at a point P.
29
To prove:OP ⊥ XY Construction ; Take a point Q on XY other than P and join OQ
Statement 
Reasons 
OP = OQ 
Radii of same circle 
OQ = OR + RQ 

OQ> OR 

OQ>OP True for any point on XY So, OP Is shortest distance And OP ⊥ XY 
Shortest distance is always perpendicular. 
3 marks question from statistics.
Marks 
Number of students 

0  10 
5 

10 
 20 
3 
20 
 30 
4 
30 
 40 
3 
40 
 50 
3 
50 
 60 
4 
60 
 70 
7 
70 
 80 
9 
80 
 90 
7 
90 
 100 
8 
1)less than method
Marks CI 
Number of 
cf 

students f 

10 
5 
5 

20 
3 
5 
+ 3 =8 
30 
4 
8 
+ 4 =12 
30
40 
3 
12 
+ 3 =15 
50 
3 
15 
+ 3 = 18 
60 
4 
18 
+ 4 = 22 
70 
7 
22 
+ 7 = 29 
80 
9 
29 
+ 9 = 38 
90 
7 
38 
+ 7 = 45 
100 
8 
45 
+ 8 =53 
2)More than method
Marks CI 
Number of 
cf 

students f 

0 
5 
53 

10 
3 
53 
 5 =48 
20 
4 
48 
 3 =45 
31
30 
3 
45 
 4 =41 
40 
3 
41 
 3 = 38 
50 
4 
38 
 3 = 35 
60 
7 
35 
 4 =31 
70 
9 
31 
 7 = 24 
80 
7 
24 
 9 = 15 
90 
8 
15 7 =8 
Try the following on your own
1)Construct ‘ogive’ for the following distribution
C.I
03
36
69
912
1215
32
F
9
3
5
3
1
2) construct the ogive for the following distribution
Classes 
5  10 10  15 15  20 20  25 25  30 30  35 35  40 

No. of shops 
2 
12 
2 
4 
3 
4 
3 
3)construct the ogive for the following distribution
Daily income (in `)
180 180  200
Number of workers
10
100  120
12
120  140
14
140  160
8
160 
6
4)construct the ogive for the following distribution
Weight (in kg)
Number of students
Less than 38 
0 
Less than 40 
3 
Less than 42 
5 
Less than 44 
9 
Less than 46 
14 
Less than 48 
28 
Less than 50 
32 
33
Less than 52
35
5)construct the ogive for the following distribution
Production yield 
50  55 
55  60 
60  65 
65  70 
70  75 
75  80 
(in kg/ha) 

Number of farms 
2 
8 
12 
24 
38 
16 
6))construct the ogive for the following distribution
Profit (` in lakhs)
Number of shops (frequency)
More than or equal to 5 
30 
More than or equal to 10 
28 
More than or equal to 15 
16 
More than or equal to 20 
14 
More than or equal to 25 
10 
More than or equal to 30 
7 
More than or equal to 35 
3 
7)construct the ogive for the following distribution
Classes 
5  10 
10  15 
15  20 
20  25 
25  30 
30  35 
35  40 
No. of shops 
2 
12 
2 
4 
3 
4 
3 
2 marks questions from quadratic equation
1) Find the roots of the equation 2x ^2 – 5x + 3 = 0, by factorisation. 2x ^2 – 5x + 3 = 0,
34
2 X 3 = 6 (multiply coefficients of x^2 and c) (2 X + 2) ( 2X + 3) = 0 (2 X + 2) = 0 ( 2X + 3) = 0
2 X =2 
2 
X =3 
X = 2/2 
X 
= 3/2 
Try the following on your own 1) Find the roots of the equation x ^2 – 3x 10 = 0, by factorisation. 2) Find the roots of the equation 2 x ^2 + x 6 = 0, by factorisation. 3) Find the roots of the equation 100 x ^2 20 x + 1 = 0, by factorisation. 4) solve 2x^ 2 – x + 1/ 8 = 0 by factorisation.
2)Find the roots of the quadratic equations, by formula method. 2x^ 2 – 7x + 3 = 0
a = 2
b = 7
c = 3
X
X
=
=
X =
−b± _{√} b 2 −4ac
ˆ
2a
−(−7)± _{√} (−7) 2 −4(2)(3)
ˆ
7±
_{√}
2(2)
49−4(6)
4
X =
7±
_{√}
49−24
4
X =
X =
7±
_{√}
25
4
7+5
4
=
12
4
=3
X =
7−5
4
=
2
4
=
1
2
1)Solve 2x ^ 2 + x – 528 = 0 by using the quadratic formula. 2)Solve 3x ^2 – 5x + 2 = 0 by using the quadratic formula. 3)Solve x^2 + 4x + 5 = 0 by using the quadratic formula
4)Solve 2x^2 – 2 √2
5)Solve 2x^ 2 – 7x + 3 = 0 by using the quadratic formula 6)Solve 2x^ 2 + x – 4 = 0 by using the quadratic formula
7) solve 4x^2 +4 √3 x +3 =0 by using the quadratic formula 8) solve 2x^ 2 + x + 4 = 0 by using the quadratic formula
x + 1 = 0 by using the quadratic formula
35
2 marks questions from probability
1)Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously ,What is the probability that she gets at least one head? Sample space {HH,HT,TH,TT} =4 Meaning of at least towards more Event {HH,HT,TH}
Probability =
2)Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously ,What is the probability that she gets at most one head? Sample space {HH,HT,TH,TT} =4 Meaning of at most towards less Event {TT,HT,TH}
Probability =
3)Two dice, one blue and one grey, are thrown at the same time. Write down all the possible outcomes. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers appearing on the top of the dice is 13? Sample space= {(1,1) (1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (1,6) (2,1) (2,2) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (2,6) (3,1) (3,2) (3,3) (3,4) (3,5) (3,6) (4,1) (4,2) (4,3)(4,4) (4,5) (4,6) (5,1) ( 5,2) (5,3) (5,4) (5,5) (5,6) (6,1) (6,2) (6,3) (6,4) (6,5) ( 6,6)} =36
Event= {}
Probability =
4)A bag contains lemon flavoured candies only. Malini takes out one candy without looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out an a lemon flavoured candy? Sample space ={lemon flavoured candies} = 1 Event= {lemon flavoured candies} =1
Probability =
5)A box contains 5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles. One marble is taken out of the box at random. What is the probability that the marble taken out will be not green? Sample space ={5 red marbles, 8 white marbles and 4 green marbles} = 17 Event= {5 red marbles, 8 white marbles} =13
Probability =
Try the following on your own
n(E)
n(S)
=
3
4
n(E)
n(S)
=
3
4
n(E)
n(S)
=
o
36
= 0
n(E)
n(S)
=
1
1
= 1
n(E)
n(S)
=
13
17
1)A box contains 90 discs which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at random from
the box, find the probability that it bears a number divisible by 5.
36
2)A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good. Nuri will buy a
pen if it is good, but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper draws one pen at random and
gives it to her. What is the probability that She will buy it ?
3)A lot consists of 144 ball pens of which 20 are defective and the others are good. Nuri will buy a
pen if it is good, but will not buy if it is defective. The shopkeeper draws one pen at random and
gives it to her. What is the probability that She will not buy it ?
4)A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Hanif
wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e., three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise.
Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game.
5)A die is thrown twice. What is the probability that 5 will not come up either time?
6) A die is thrown twice. What is the probability that 5 will come up at least once?
2 marks questions from coordinate geometry.
^{1}^{)}^{} Find the coordinates of the point which divides the join of (–1, 7) and (4, –3) in the
X1 =
1
y1 =
7
p(x,y) ={
p(x,y) ={
mx2 +nx1
m+n
my2 +ny1
,
m+n
}
(2)(4) +(3)(−1)
(2)+(3)
,
(2)(−3) +(3)(7)
(2)+(3)
p(x,y) ={
p(x,y) ={
8 −3
5
5
5
,
,
15
5
−6 +21
5
}
}
p(x,y) =(1,3)
x2 =
}
4
y2 =  3
m =2
n = 3
ratio 2 : 3
2)Determine if the points (1, 5), (2, 3) and (– 2, – 11) are collinear.
1 5
2
3
2 11
2 3 
2 11 
1 
5 

 
 
+ 
+ 
 
 

1
2
4
14
3
16
37
_{d} _{=} _{√} (x2 − x1) ^{2}
+ (y2 − y1) ^{2}
_{d}
_{=} _{√} (− 1)
^{2}
+ (2)
^{2}
d
d
_{d}
_{d}
d
= √1 + 
4 

= √5 

_{=} _{√} (x2 − x1) ^{2} 
+ (y2 − y1) ^{2} 
_{=} _{√} (4)
^{2}
^{2}
+ (14)
= √16 +
196
_{d}
_{d}
_{d}
_{=} √212
_{=}
_{√} (x2 − x1) ^{2}
+ (y2 − y1) ^{2}
_{=} _{√} (− 3)
^{2}
^{2}
+ (16)
d = √9 +
_{d} _{=} √265
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