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Law for the Promotion of Sorted Collection and Recycling of Containers and Packaging

(Container and Packaging Recycling Law)

The volume of municipal solid waste discharged has increased along with the diversification
of our lifestyle and the change in consumer’s awareness. And accordingly, the remaining
capacity of the final disposal sites are being threatened to be full soon. While the volume of
containers and packages has become approximately 60 percent of the total municipal solid
waste, the Container and Packaging Recycling Law was enacted in 1997 in order to promote
efficient use of recycled containers and packages generated and reduction of wastes by shifting
those wastes into recyclable resources. (Fig. 1) Unlike the situation when the municipal
governments were solely responsible for the treatment of waste containers and packages
before the enactment of the law, it stipulates responsibilities of consumers, administration and
businesses in management of waste containers and packages.

This Law was enforced in April 1997 to reduce the waste of glass containers, PET bottles
containing drink or soy source and paper cartons (except for those cartons applying aluminum
foil inside. Since April 2000, plastic containers and packages other than PET bottles and
paper containers and packages other than paper cartons for drinks have included in the target
items of recycling, as well as the scope of specific business entities has been expanded under
this Law. (Fig. 2)

General practice of recycling is conducted through consignment to a designated corporation


(the Japan Container and Package Recycling Association).

Designated corporation selects a recycling business entity among pre-registered recycling


business entities by public bidding in each designated storage site in local municipalities by
utilizing commission paid by specified business entities, i.e. manufactures of and business
entities using containers and packages. Consigned recycling business entity transports the
waste to recycling facilities from storage sites in local municipalities and delivers the recycled
product for profit to the user after the process of recycling is finished. Payment by
designated corporation to the recycling business entities is done after they check a receipt or a
delivery report issued by the user of recycled products that the recycled waste was delivered to
the user for sure. This system prevents waste being disposed of without being recycled. (Fig.
3)
Lawfor
forthe
thePromotion
PromotionofofSorted
SortedCollection
Collectionand
andRecycling
RecyclingofofContainers
Containers
Fig.1 Law
and Packaging (Container and Packaging Recycling Law)
and Packaging (Container and Packaging Recycling Law)
Roles played by those concerned and recycling flow
Area covered by the Law

In addition to glass bottle, PET bottle, In addition to steel can,


other containers and packaging of aluminum can, paper
packaging and cardboard
plastic and paper are included in
boxes follows this flow.
this flow.
e.g.) Glass bottles e.g.) Steel cans
Consumer
Cooperating with sorted collection

Sorted Collection

‘Sorted glass bottles’


(Sorted according to its
color and removed stains)
Municipalities (Valuables by
Conducting sorted collection colorless
others sorted collection)

brown
Products complied with sorted
collection criteria

Sold
wash and crush
Businesses into pieces
(recycling)
(consignment)
Cullet
Designated corporation
bidding
(Valuables)
Recycling company

Sold

Recycled Recycled
Fig.2
Increasein
Increase inItems
ItemsofofSorted
SortedCollection
Collectionand
andRecycling
Recycling

April 1997∼ April 2000∼

Glass bottles Glass bottles

PET bottles PET bottles

Plastic containers
and packages

Paper containers
and packages

Steel cans Steel cans

Aluminum cans Aluminum cans

Paper cartons Paper cartons

Cardboard box
Fig.3
Schemeofofthe
Scheme theLaw
Lawfor
forthe
thePromotion
PromotionofofSorted
SortedCollection
Collectionand
and
RecyclingofofContainers
Recycling Containersand
andPackaging
Packaging

Provision Specified
Specified business
business entities
entities
of goods (manufacturers
(manufacturers ofof packages
packages
Consumer
Consumer and
and containers
containers and
and the
the

(Sorted
Sorted discharge
discharge)) business entities using
business entities using
packages
packages and
and containers
containers

Fulfillment of obligations
Sorted Collection of packages and

(payment of recycling fee)

Designated
Designated corporation
corporation

(Japan Containers and
Japan Containers and Packaging
containers

Packaging
Recycling
Recycling Association
Association))

Tender

Contract
for
Registration Payment of recycling
transaction

Recycling
Recycling Businesses
Businesses using
using
Local
Local Municipalities
Municipalities business
business recycled
recycled
(sorted
(sorted collection)
collection) entities
entities products
products
(recycling)
(recycling)
Delivery of waste
containers and
packages Flow of containers
and packaging
Flow of recycling
fee