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CARLOS IVÁN COJAL AGUILAR UPN ING.

CIVIL
Resolver el siguente pórtico

10 TN

7 TN

8 TN-m

4m 6m

E= 20000000 Tn/m²

60

30
A= 0.18 m² CARLOS IVÁN COJAL AGUILAR
I= 0.0054 m4

2 8
1
2

3 9

1
3
6

4 5
4m 6m

Barra 1
2
1

4 5

L= 5m

12 EI/L³ = 10368
6 EI/L² = 25920
4 EI/L = 86400
2 EI/L = 43200
EA/L = 720000

Ø= 36.8699 C = 0.8
S= 0.6

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas locales

720000 0 0 -720000 0 0
0 10368 25920 0 -10368 25920
k1 = 0 25920 86400 0 -25920 43200
-720000 0 0 720000 0 0
0 -10368 -25920 0 10368 -25920
0 25920 43200 0 -25920 86400

0.8 0.6 0 0 0 0
-0.6 0.8 0 0 0 0
T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.8 0.6 0
0 0 0 -0.6 0.8 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

0.8 -0.6 0 0 0 0
0.6 0.8 0 0 0 0
T T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.8 -0.6 0
0 0 0 0.6 0.8 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas Globales


5 6 4 1 2 3
464532.45 340623.37 -15552 -464532.45 -340623.37 -15552 5
340623.37 265835.55 20735.999 -340623.37 -265835.55 20735.999 6
K1 = -15552 20735.999 86400 15552.001 -20736 43200 4
-464532.45 -340623.37 15552.001 464532.45 340623.37 15552.001 1
-340623.37 -265835.55 -20736 340623.37 265835.55 -20736 2
-15552 20735.999 43200 15552.001 -20736 86400 3

Barra 2

2 8
1

2
3 9

L= 6m

12 EI/L³ = 6000
6 EI/L² = 18000
4 EI/L = 72000
2 EI/L = 36000
EA/L = 600000

Ø= 0C= 1
S= 0

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas locales


600000 0 0 -600000 0 0
0 6000 18000 0 -6000 18000
k2 = 0 18000 72000 0 -18000 36000
-600000 0 0 600000 0 0
0 -6000 -18000 0 6000 -18000
0 18000 36000 0 -18000 72000

1 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

1 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
T T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas Globales


1 2 3 7 8 9
600000 0 0 -600000 0 0 1
0 6000 18000 0 -6000 18000 2
K2 = 0 18000 72000 0 -18000 36000 3
-600000 0 0 600000 0 0 7
0 -6000 -18000 0 6000 -18000 8
0 18000 36000 0 -18000 72000 9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1064532.45 340623.37 15552.00 15552.00 -464532.45 -340623.37 -600000.00 0.00
340623.37 271835.55 -2736.00 43200.00 -340623.37 -265835.55 0.00 -6000.00
15552.00 -2736.00 158400.00 43200.00 -15552.00 20736.00 0.00 -18000
15552.00 -20736.00 43200.00 86400.00 -15552.00 20736.00 0.00 0.00
-464532.45 -340623.37 -15552.00 -15552.00 464532.45 340623.37 0.00 0.00
-340623.37 -265835.55 20736.00 20736.00 340623.37 265835.55 0.00 0.00
-600000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600000.00 0.00
0.00 -6000.00 -18000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6000.00
0.00 18000.00 36000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -18000.00

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
7 1064532.5 340623.37 15552.001 15552.001 -464532.45 -340623.37 -600000 0
-10 340623.37 271835.55 -2735.999 43200 -340623.37 -265835.55 0 -6000
8 15552.001 -2735.999 158400 43200 -15552.001 20735.999 0 -18000
0 = EA 15552.001 -20735.999 43200 86400 -15552.001 20735.999 0 0
R5 -464532.45 -340623.37 -15552.001 -15552.001 464532.45 340623.37 0 0
R6 -340623.37 -265835.55 20735.999 20735.999 340623.37 265835.55 0 0
R7 -600000 0 0 0 0 0 600000 0
R8 0 -6000 -18000 0 0 0 0 6000
R9 0 18000 36000 0 0 0 0 -18000

7 1064532.5 340623.37 15552.001 15552.001 D1


-10 340623.37 271835.55 -2735.999 43200 D2
8 = 15552.001 -2735.999 158400 43200 D3
0 15552.001 -20735.999 43200 86400 D4

D1 2.584E-05 m
D2 -6.07E-05 m -> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmK6PBVIZm4
D3 6.04E-05 rad F2+(CNTRL+SHIFT+ENTER)
D4 -4.942E-05 rad

Q5 -464532.45 -340623.37 -15552.001 -15552.001 2.584E-05


Q6 -340623.37 -265835.55 20735.999 20735.999 -6.07E-05
Q7 = -600000 0 0 0 6.04E-05
Q8 0 -6000 -18000 0 -4.942E-05
Q9 0 18000 36000 0

Q5 8.5031023
Q6 7.5633356
Q7 = -15.503102
Q8 -0.722938
Q9 1.0816614

2 -0.722938037
1
-15.50310233
2
3 1.081661357
1 3m
7.563336

4 8.5031023

4m 6m

FUERZAS DE LAS BARRRAS


q=ktD

BARRA 1
qNx 720000 0 0 -720000 0 0 0.8
qNy 0 10368 25920 0 -10368 25920 -0.6
qNz 0 25920 86400 0 -25920 43200 0
qFx = -720000 0 0 720000 0 0 0
qFy 0 -10368 -25920 0 10368 -25920 0
qFz 0 25920 43200 0 -25920 86400 0

qNx 11.340483 -0.9488066 -11.340483


qNy 0.9488066
qNz 1.809E-08
qFx = -11.340483 4.7440332
qFy -0.9488066
qFz 4.7440332 N
V
M
0.9488066
11.340483 0.9488066
11.340483
0
0
-11.34
-0.9488066
N V M

BARRA 2
qNx 600000 0 0 -600000 0 0 1
qNy 0 6000 18000 0 -6000 18000 0
qNz = 0 18000 72000 0 -18000 36000 0
qFx -600000 0 0 600000 0 0 0
qFy 0 -6000 -18000 0 6000 -18000 0
qFz 0 18000 36000 0 -18000 72000 0

qNx 15.503102 -0.722938


qNy 0.722938 0.722938
qNz 3.2559669
qFx = -15.503102 3.2559669 15.503102
qFy -0.722938 1.0816614
qFz 1.0816614 0.722938 V

3.2559669 15.503102 N
M
N= -15.503102
V= -0.722938
M= 0.722938 X - 3.2559669
-3.2559669

-15.5031
-0.722938
m

UPN ING. CIVIL

m
7
9
0.00 1
18000.00 2
36000.00 3
0.00 4
0.00 5
0.00 6
0.00 7
-18000.00 8
72000.00 9

9
0 1 D1
18000 2 D2
36000 3 D3
0 4 D4
0 5 0
0 6 0
0 7 0
-18000 8 0
72000 9 0
0.6 0 0 0 0 0 D5
0.8 0 0 0 0 0 D6
0 1 0 0 0 -5E-05 D4
0 0 0.8 0.6 0 3E-05 D1
0 0 -0.6 0.8 0 -6E-05 D2
0 0 0 0 1 6E-05 D3

N= -11.34
V= -0.9488
M= 0.94881 X - 0

4.7440332
0 0 0 0 0 3E-05 D1
1 0 0 0 0 -6E-05 D2
0 1 0 0 0 6E-05 D3
0 0 1 0 0 0 D7
0 0 0 1 0 0 D8
0 0 0 0 1 0 D9

-15.503

1.08166
Resolver el siguiente pórtico

15 Tn/m

7 TN

4m 6m

Fuerzas de Fijación
WL/2 = 45
WL²/12 = 45
45 45

45 45
7 TN

4m 6m

E= 20000000 Tn/m²
60

30
A= 0.18 m²
I= 0.0054 m4

2 8
1
2

3 9

3
6

4 5

4m 6m

Barra 1
2
1

4 5

L= 5m

12 EI/L³ = 10368
6 EI/L² = 25920
4 EI/L = 86400
2 EI/L = 43200
EA/L = 720000

Ø= 36.8699 C = 0.8
S= 0.6

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas locales

720000 0 0 -720000 0 0
0 10368 25920 0 -10368 25920
k1 = 0 25920 86400 0 -25920 43200
-720000 0 0 720000 0 0
0 -10368 -25920 0 10368 -25920
0 25920 43200 0 -25920 86400

0.8 0.6 0 0 0 0
-0.6 0.8 0 0 0 0
T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.8 0.6 0
0 0 0 -0.6 0.8 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

0.8 -0.6 0 0 0 0
0.6 0.8 0 0 0 0
T T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0.8 -0.6 0
0 0 0 0.6 0.8 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas Globales


5 6 4 1 2 3
464532.45 340623.37 -15552 -464532.45 -340623.37 -15552 5
340623.37 265835.55 20735.999 -340623.37 -265835.55 20735.999 6
K1 = -15552 20735.999 86400 15552.001 -20736 43200 4
-464532.45 -340623.37 15552.001 464532.45 340623.37 15552.001 1
-340623.37 -265835.55 -20736 340623.37 265835.55 -20736 2
-15552 20735.999 43200 15552.001 -20736 86400 3

Barra 2
2 8
1
2

3 9

L= 6m

12 EI/L³ = 6000
6 EI/L² = 18000
4 EI/L = 72000
2 EI/L = 36000
EA/L = 600000

Ø= 0C= 1
S= 0

Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas locales

600000 0 0 -600000 0 0
0 6000 18000 0 -6000 18000
k2 = 0 18000 72000 0 -18000 36000
-600000 0 0 600000 0 0
0 -6000 -18000 0 6000 -18000
0 18000 36000 0 -18000 72000

1 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

1 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
T T= 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 1
Matriz de rigidez en coordenadas Globales
1 2 3 7 8 9
600000 0 0 -600000 0 0 1
0 6000 18000 0 -6000 18000 2
K2 = 0 18000 72000 0 -18000 36000 3
-600000 0 0 600000 0 0 7
0 -6000 -18000 0 6000 -18000 8
0 18000 36000 0 -18000 72000 9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1064532.45 340623.37 15552.00 15552.00 -464532.45 -340623.37 -600000.00 0.00
340623.37 271835.55 -2736.00 43200.00 -340623.37 -265835.55 0.00 -6000.00
15552.00 -2736.00 158400.00 43200.00 -15552.00 20736.00 0.00 -18000
15552.00 -20736.00 43200.00 86400.00 -15552.00 20736.00 0.00 0.00
-464532.45 -340623.37 -15552.00 -15552.00 464532.45 340623.37 0.00 0.00
-340623.37 -265835.55 20736.00 20736.00 340623.37 265835.55 0.00 0.00
-600000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600000.00 0.00
0.00 -6000.00 -18000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6000.00
0.00 18000.00 36000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -18000.00

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
7 1064532.5 340623.37 15552.001 15552.001 -464532.45 -340623.37 -600000 0
-45 340623.37 271835.55 -2735.999 43200 -340623.37 -265835.55 0 -6000
-45 15552.001 -2735.999 158400 43200 -15552.001 20735.999 0 -18000
0 = EA 15552.001 -20735.999 43200 86400 -15552.001 20735.999 0 0
R5 -464532.45 -340623.37 -15552.001 -15552.001 464532.45 340623.37 0 0
R6 -340623.37 -265835.55 20735.999 20735.999 340623.37 265835.55 0 0
R7 -600000 0 0 0 0 0 600000 0
R8 0 -6000 -18000 0 0 0 0 6000
R9 0 18000 36000 0 0 0 0 -18000

7 1064532.5 340623.37 15552.001 15552.001 D1


-45 340623.37 271835.55 -2735.999 43200 D2
-45 = 15552.001 -2735.999 158400 43200 D3
0 15552.001 -20735.999 43200 86400 D4

D1 0.0001126 m
D2 -0.0003196 m -> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmK6PBVIZm4
D3 -0.0003175 rad F2+(CNTRL+SHIFT+ENTER)
D4 6.178E-05 rad
Q5 -464532.45 -340623.37 -15552.001 -15552.001 0.0001126
Q6 -340623.37 -265835.55 20735.999 20735.999 -0.0003196
Q7 = -600000 0 0 0 -0.0003175
Q8 0 -6000 -18000 0 6.178E-05
Q9 0 18000 36000 0

Q5 60.551154
Q6 41.316974
Q7 = -67.551154
Q8 7.6330498
Q9 -17.18388

2 7.633049836
1
2
-67.55115418
3 -17.18388031

3m
41.31697

4 60.551154

4m 6m
REACCIONES FINALES
Q5 60.551 = 60.551
Q6 41.317 = 41.317
Q7 = -67.551 = -67.551
Q8 7.633 45 = 52.633
Q9 -17.184 -45 = -62.184

FUERZAS DE LAS BARRRAS


q=ktD

BARRA 1
qNx 720000 0 0 -720000 0 0 0.8
qNy 0 10368 25920 0 -10368 25920 -0.6
qNz 0 25920 86400 0 -25920 43200 0
qFx = -720000 0 0 720000 0 0 0
qFy 0 -10368 -25920 0 10368 -25920 0
qFz 0 25920 43200 0 -25920 86400 0

qNx 73.231108 3.2771162 -73.231108


qNy -3.2771162
qNz 9.872E-08
qFx = -73.231108 -16.385581
qFy 3.2771162
qFz -16.385581 N
V
M
-3.2771162
73.231108 -3.2771162
73.231108
0
0

-73.231
3.2771162
N V M

BARRA 2
qNx 600000 0 0 -600000 0 0 1
qNy 0 6000 18000 0 -6000 18000 0
qNz = 0 18000 72000 0 -18000 36000 0
qFx -600000 0 0 600000 0 0 0
qFy 0 -6000 -18000 0 6000 -18000 0
qFz 0 18000 36000 0 -18000 72000 0

qNx 67.551154 7.6330498


qNy -7.6330498 -7.6330498
qNz -28.614419
qFx = -67.551154 -28.614419 67.551154
qFy 7.6330498 -17.18388
qFz -17.18388

52.63305
37.36695 15 Tn-m

16.38558 -67.551154
67.551154 -62.18388

37.367 15 V

16.386 N
67.551 M

N= -67.551154
V= -37.36695 + 15.00 x
M= 37.367 X - 15.00 x²/2 - 16.386
-16.386
52.63305

-67.55115
-37.36695
m

15 Tn-m

45 45

45 45
m
7

m
7
9
0.00 1
18000.00 2
36000.00 3
0.00 4
0.00 5
0.00 6
0.00 7
-18000.00 8
72000.00 9

9
0 1 D1
18000 2 D2
36000 3 D3
0 4 D4
0 5 0
0 6 0
0 7 0
-18000 8 0
72000 9 0
15 Tn-m

45 45

45 45
0.6 0 0 0 0 0 D5
0.8 0 0 0 0 0 D6
0 1 0 0 0 6E-05 D4
0 0 0.8 0.6 0 0.00011 D1
0 0 -0.6 0.8 0 -0.0003 D2
0 0 0 0 1 -0.0003 D3

N= -73.231
V= 3.27712
M= -3.2771 X - 0

-16.385581

0 0 0 0 0 0.00011 D1
1 0 0 0 0 -0.0003 D2
0 1 0 0 0 -0.0003 D3
0 0 1 0 0 0 D7
0 0 0 1 0 0 D8
0 0 0 0 1 0 D9

15 Tn-m

-67.551 45 45

45 45

-62.184

30.1574