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α

=

e

j

α

+

e

j

α

sin

=

e

j

α

e

j

α

 

2

,

α

2 j

 

α

+

β

)]

α

+

β

)]

 
 

+

β )]

 

 

a X (f )+ b Y ()f

 

Formula di Eulero:

e j

α

=

cos

α

+

j sin

α

cos

cos

β

=

1

2

[

()(

α

β

+

cos

()(

(α

α

β

cos

β )(α

+

sin

cos

sin

sin

α

cos

cos

sin

Formule di Werner:

α β

sin

α

cos

β

=

=

1

2

1

2

[

[

Proprietà trasformata di Fourier:

1. linearità

a x(t)+ b y(t)

2. simmetria

3. valori nell’origine

4.

5.

dualità

scalatura

6. traslazione nei tempi

7. traslazione in frequenza

8. derivazione

9. convoluzione

10. moltiplicazione

11. Parseval

x

(t)

X

(

f

),

e

se

x(t)

∈ ℜ

x()t

∫ +∞ ∫ +∞ X ( ) 0 = x()t dt , x( 0 )
∫ +∞
∫ +∞
X ( )
0
=
x()t
dt ,
x(
0
)
=
X ( f ) df ,
−∞
−∞
X (t)
x(− f )
1
⎛ f
x at
(
)
X ⎜
⎞ ⎟
a
⎝ a ⎠
x
(
t − t
)
X
(
f
)
exp − j2πft
(
)
0
0
x
( )
t
exp j2πf t
(
)
X
(
f − f
)
0
0

x 1

()

t

* x

2

()

t

dx t ( ) ⇔ j 2π f X (f ) dt ⇔ ( X
dx t
( )
j 2π f X (f )
dt
⇔ (
X
f
)
X
(
f
)
x
()
t
* x
()
t
=
1
2
1
2
⎢ ⎣
x
(t)
(t)
(f )
∗ X
()f
1
x 2
X 1
2
∫ +∞
∫ +∞
x t
( )
2 dt =
X
(
f
)
2 df
−∞
−∞

+∞

x (τ )x

1

−∞

2

Trasformate notevoli

( t

X

( f )

τ )dτ

1 .

A rect ⎜ ⎛ t

 

(

sinc x

)

sen

(

π

x

)

3 .

A tri ⎜ ⎛ t

T

AT sin c( fT );

2

AT sin c ( fT );

=

π

x

4

.

δ ( t )

T

1

 

5

6

.

.

A cos

(

2

f

π

0

exp

()

t

π

2

t +

ϕ

)

exp

(

f

π

A

2

2

)

( ()

δ

f

f

0

e

j

ϕ

+

δ

()

f

+

f

0

e

j

ϕ

)

.

Funzione Q:

Q(x) Q(x) 0 -5 10 10 -6 10 -1 10 -7 10 -2 10 -8
Q(x)
Q(x)
0
-5
10
10
-6
10
-1
10
-7
10
-2
10
-8
10
-3
10
-9
10
-4
10
-10
10
-5
10
-11
10
-6
-12
10
10
0
1
2
3
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
x
x