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Alzheimer’s disease – a disease primarily of elderly Phonological Loop – briefly holds inner

adults that causes dementia as well as progressive speech for verbal comprehension and for
memory loss. acoustic rehearsal.
Amnesia – severe loss of explicit memory Priming effect – the resulting activation
Anterograde amnesia – the inability to remember events of the node
that occur after a traumatic event. Recall – to produce a fact, a word, or other
Central Executive – both coordinates attentional item from memory.
activities and governs responses. Recognition – to select or otherwise
Episodic Buffer – a limited capacity system that is identify an item as being one that you
capable of binding information from the subsidiary learned previously.
systems and from long-term memory into a unitary Retrograde Amnesia – occurs when
episodic representation. individuals lose their purposeful memory
Episodic Memory – stores personally experienced events for events prior to whatever trauma
or episodes. induces memory loss
Explicit Memory – when participants engage in Semantic Memory – stores general world
conscious recollection knowledge
Hypermnesia – process of producing retrieval of Sensory store – capable of storing
memories that seem to have been forgotten. relatively limited amounts of information
Hypothetical Constructs – concepts that are not for very brief periods
themselves directly measurable or observable but that Short term store – capable of storing
serve as mental models for understanding how a information for somewhat longer periods
psychological phenomenon works but also relatively limited capacity
Iconic Store – a discrete visual sensory register that Visuospatial sketchpad – briefly holds
holds information for very short periods of time. some visual images
Implicit Memory – when we recollect something but are Working Memory – hold only the most
not consciously aware that we are trying to do so. recently activated portion of long-term
Infantile Amnesia – the inability to recall events that memory, and it moves these activated
happened when we were very young elements into and out of brief, temporary
Levels of processing framework – postulates that memory storage.
memory does not comprise three or even any specific
number of separate stores but rather varies along a
continuous dimension in terms of depth encoding.
Long term store – very large capacity, capable of storing
information for very long periods, perhaps indefinitely.
Memory – the means by which we retain and draw on
our past experiences to use this information in the
present.
Mnemonist – someone who demonstrates extraordinarily
keen memory ability, usually based on the use of special
techniques for memory enhancement.
Prime – a node that activates a connected node, this
activation is known as the priming effect.
Priming – the facilitation in ones ability to utilize
missing information; occurs when recognition of certain
stimuli is affected by prior presentation of the same or
similar stimuli