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Madinah Munawwarah (“the enlightened city”) ranks as the second holiest place in Islam
after Makkah. It is the city that gave refuge to the Prophet Muhammad ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬and
the early Muslims upon their migration from Makkah and where lies the burial place of the
Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

The city of Madinah was originally known as Yathrib, an oasis city dating as far back as the
6th century BCE. During the war between Jews and Romans in the third century CE, many
Jews fled Jerusalem and migrated to their ancestral place of Yathrib (present Madinah). Nero
sent a massive Roman force under Petra Leonidas to Madinah to massacre the Jews in 213
CE. A community survived and by the time the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬had migrated there was a large
Jewish presence around the city. ‫ﷻ‬
The Jews were eagerly waiting for the arrival of a prophet who, according to their scriptures,
would appear in Madinah. They used to taunt the local Arabs that when he did arrive,
according to their prophesies, the Jews would destroy the pagans as the ancient people of
Aad and Thamud had been destroyed for their idolatry. However, when they realized that
the final prophet was chosen among the Arabs rather than from the Jews their pride got the
better of them and they rejected him even though as the Qur’aan mentions (in 2:146) they
recognized him as they recognize their sons. In spite of this, there were some Jews who
embraced Islam, most notably Hussain bin Salam, one of their most learned Rabbis. The
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬changed his name to Abdullaah bin Salam.

Narrated Anas ‫رضي هللا عنه‬: Whenever the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬returned from a journey and observed
the walls of Madinah, he would make his mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a
horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Madinah [Bukhari]. The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬:
“For the believer, Madinah is the best place. If only they could understand its virtue fully, they
would never leave it, and whoever departs from Madinah, having become disenchanted with
it, Allaah ‫ﷻ ﷻ‬will send someone better to replace him. And whoever bears patiently the
ordeals of Madinah, for him shall I be an intercessor (or witness) on the Day of Qiyamah.”

It is narrated by Aa’isha ‫رضي هللا عنها‬: When we came to Madinah, it was an unhealthy,
uncongenial place. Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬fell sick and Bilal ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬also fell sick; and when
Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Messenger ‫ ﷺ‬saw the illness of his Companions he said: “O Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, make
Madinah as beloved to us as you made Makkah beloved or more than that; make it conducive
to health, and bless us in its sa’ and mudd’ (two standards of weight and measurement) and
transfer its fever to Juhfa.” [Bukhari].

It is stated in another hadith: “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal (the anti-Christ) will not
enter except Makkah and Madinah, and there will be no entrance (road) but the angels will
be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Madinah will shake with its inhabitants
thrice and Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬will expel all the nonbelievers and the hypocrites from it.” [Bukhari].

Narrated Abu Huraira ‫رضي هللا عنه‬: The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, “Verily, Belief returns and goes back
to Madinah as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).” [Bukhari].

Some people in this present era mistakenly believe that if somebody respects the sacred
places which are attributed to Prophets ‫ عليه السالم‬and Saliheen (Pious Servants) and take them
as a means to Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, then this act is either Shirk or Bidah. Some even claim that this act
wasn’t done by Sahabah or in past centuries. Allaah ‫ ﷻ ﷻ‬loves the places of His dear friends
so much that praying “AT SUCH DESIGNATED PLACES” is made part of Hajj rituals. Had there
been a hint of Shirk in this then Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬would not have shown His Unrestricted Majestic
Honour for them in the Qur’aan.
The Glorious Qur’aan actually calls such places as “SHAIR ALLAAH ‫( ﷻ‬SIGNS OF ALLAAH ‫ ﷻ‬TO
BE VENERATED). There are many verses and authentic Hadith which prove that sacred places
should be respected.
Al Baqrah: Chapter-2 Verse: 58 {And remember We Said: Enter this town and eat of the
plenty therein as ye wish and enter the gate prostrating and say: Forgive (us), We will forgive
you, your faults and increase (the portion of) those who do good}; and Verse: 125- {“Take
the standing place of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.”}.
Verse: 158- {Behold, the Safa and Marwa are the symbols of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. So, whoever visits to
perform Hajj or Umrah, there is no blame on him for walking between them…….}.

Surah A’ale Imran: Chapter-3 Verse-97. In it are clear signs, standing place of Ibrahim, and
whoever enters it is safe.,
Surah Taaha: Chapter-20 Verse-12- Verily I am the Lord! Therefore, put off thy shoes, ye are
in the sacred valley of Tuwa.

Surah Balad: Chapter-90 Verse-1-2. Nay I do swear by This City; and You (Prophet- ‫ )ﷺ‬are
inhabitant of this city.

Hadith: 1: Sahih al Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 9, Number 481: Narrated Yazid bin Al 'Ubaid: I
used to accompany Salama bin Al-Akwa' and he used to pray behind the pillar which was
near the place where the Qur’aan were kept I said, "O Abu Muslim! I see you always seeking
to pray behind this pillar." He replied, "I saw Allaah ‫'ﷻ‬s Apostle always seeking to pray near
that pillar."

Sahih Muslim: Book 4, Number 1031: Yazid reported: Salama sought to say prayer near the
pillar which was by that place where copies of the Qur'aan were kept. I said to him: Abu
Muslim. I see you striving to offer your prayer by this pillar. He said: I saw the Messenger of
Allaah‫ ﷺ‬seeking to pray by its side.

Hadith: 2: Sahih al Bukhari: Volume 7, Book 65, Number 313: Narrated 'Utban bin Malik who
attended the Badr battle and was from the Ansar, that he came to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and said,
"O Allaah ‫'ﷻ‬s Apostle! I have lost my eyesight and I lead my people in the prayer (as an
Imam). When it rains, the valley which is between me and my people, flows with water, and
then I cannot go to their mosque to lead them in the prayer. O Allaah ‫'ﷻ‬s Apostle! I wish that
you could come and pray in my house so that I may take it as a praying place. The Prophet
said, "Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬willing, I will do that." The next morning, soon after the sun had risen, Allaah
‫'ﷻ‬s Apostle came with Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked for the permission to enter
and I admitted him. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬had not sat till he had entered the house and said to me,
"Where do you like me to pray in your house?" I pointed at a place in my house whereupon
he stood and said, "Allaahu Akbar." We lined behind him and he prayed two Rakah and
finished it with Taslim…………. (This masjid was demolished by present regime, located near
Jum’aa Masjid. Earlier famous Khalifa Umar ibn Abdul Aziz‫ رحمه هللا‬was renovated it)

Hadith: 3: Narrated from Shaddad ibn Aws by al Bazzar, Abu Yala, and Tabarani. Haythami
said in Majma al Zawa’id (1:47). “Its narrators Hafiz al Haythami in Majma al Zawa’id states
that on the night of Isra’ and Miraj, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was ordered by Jibreel to pray two Rakah
in Bayt al Laham (Bethlehem), and Jibrael ‫عليه السالم‬asked him: “Do you know where you
prayed? When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked him where, he told him. “You prayed where ‘Isa was

Like this we must know that our five times prayers are signifies to certain things. Actually,
we are celebrating and remembering those incidents as our five-time prayers. Fajr: Prophet
Adam’s Tawba was accepted in the morning time, for this he offered 2 Rakah (Nafl)
thanksgiving payers to Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬and it became Fajr prayer. When he arrived in Dunya was at
night so offered 1st raka’ah for the dispelling of darkness and 2nd raka’ah in gratefulness of
the daylight. Dhuhar: Prophet Ibrahim ‫عليه السالم‬offered 1st raka’ah (Nafl) thanksgiving prayer
for helping him to overcome this difficult and 2nd raka’ah for substituting a ram from Paradise
for Ismail‫ عليه السالم‬3rd raka’ah for Allaah’s answer verse 37: 104-105 As Saafaat 4th raka’ah
for granting him such a patient child and it became Dhuhar. Asr: Uzair performed
thanksgiving 4 Rakah Nafl after rebirth of 100 years, and it was made for us Asr. Surah: Al
Baqra-Verse: 259….But Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬caused him to die for 100 years, then raised him up
(again)………..In another history it was reported Allaah has accepted the plea of Prophet
Yunus ‫ عليه السالم‬from the fish belly. H.Q: Al Anbiyya 21:87-88. After taken out from the fish
belly he offered 4 Raka’ah. 1.From the darkness of fish stomach, 2. of the water, 3. of the
coulds and 4. darkness of the night. Maghrib: Aiyyub ‫ عليه السالم‬was offering thanksgiving
prayer for his cure at Maghrib time, willing to pray 4 Nafl but couldn’t get up for fourth Rakah
due to his weakness, it became Maghrib. Isha: There are two reports regarding the wisdom
of Isha. Firstly Prophet Musa ‫ عليه السالم‬was the first to perform this and second was our
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬performed 4 Raka’ah. Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬made this Isha for us. Imam Tahawi: Sharai al
Ma’ani al Aasar: Kitabus Salat-Vol-1 No: 1014. Actually, these are celebrations for certain
things and it became Fardh for us. Allaah knows best.

Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬made us to wear 2 white pure sheets as Ihram during Hajj, because it is the cloth of
our Prophet Ibrahim ‫عليه السالم‬.
Hajj also it is a remembrance of Adam and Hawwa ‫ عليه السالم‬meeting point in Jabal Arafa after
recognizing each other. Arafa in Arabic means knowing each other. Without reaching Arafa
our Hajj never completed whether you pray or not, do Zikr or not, but just you happened to
be there for a second. We are doing celebrations by remembering this incident.
We are celebrating Ismail ‫ عليه السالم‬by remembering him stoning the pillars at Mina.
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬abolished idol worship (made of stones), Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬removed 360 stone idols from
Ka’aba leaving two stones. i.e: Ibrahim Foot prints on a Stone and Black Stone (Hajar al
Aswadh). You must know that this Maqam e Ibrahim stone was previously adjacent to the
Ka’abah wall and it was moved by Umar bin Khattab ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬to this present position.
Kissing Hajar al Aswad, is it Tawheed? Is it Prayer? No……Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬kissed this stone, so we
are kissing that Hajar al Aswadh (black stone), otherwise it doesn’t have any value except it
brought from Jannah.
Sahih al Bukhari: Book-26, Hadith no: 667. Narrated ‘Abis bin Rabia: ‘Umar‫رضي هللا عنه‬
came near the black stone and kissed it and said “No doubt, I know that you are a stone and
can neither benefit anyone nor harm anyone. Had I not seen Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Apostle kissing you I
would not have kissed you.” Actually, we are kissing the Prophet’s ‫ ﷺ‬lips printed on the Hajar
al Aswadh and we do not understand this.
Maqam e Ibrahim: Your Tawaf (Hajj also) not completed unless you pray 2 Rakah Nafl (wajib)
prayers behind this station- Qur’aan: Surah: 2 125-…. take ye the station of Ibrahim as a
place of prayer……. It is the foot print of Ibrahim ‫عليه السالم‬. Ibrahim ‫ عليه السالم‬might have placed
his feet in so many stones during his stay in Makkah and Construction of Ka’abah. Why this
stone only importance? Think it over……. It is the remembrance for the birth of our Prophet
‫ﷺ‬, because standing on this stone Ibrahim ‫ عليه السالم‬asked Du’aa for the birth of our Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬- Qur’aan: Surah:2 Verse-129: “Our Lord! Send amongst them a messenger (Rasool) of
their own……….
A group among our Muslim brothers’ regrets to pray at these sacred sites & they do not
consider the Seerah books as genuine as the 6 Saheeh, you just read Bukhari & answer my
question: "why the famous Sahabi Abdullaah bin Umar ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬son of second
Khalifa Umar bin Khattab‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬was always curious to find any place where Khairu
Khalqillaah ‫ ﷺ‬had prayed or stayed for a while, and then Ibn Umar‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬had a
habit of praying and standing at those Muqaddas" sites?
So many examples can be shown…. I wish to put here so many……. but due to fear of
pages…………this is sufficient for the men of understanding…………...
An Old photo Madinah Munawwarah.
THANIYYATUL WIDAA' al JUNUBIYYAH site in Madinah. Here is the place Madinah people
and children of Banu Najjar waiting for the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬during Hijrah journey and sang song:
“Tala al Badru Alaina”. Ottomon period watch tower is nearby.

QUBA Masjid: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said: “He who purifies himself at his home and comes to Masjid
Quba and offers two Rakah therein, will be rewarded an Umrah”- Sunan Ibn Majah.
•Ali ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬stayed on for three days after the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬secretly left Makkah for Madinah.
During this period, he settled all the Prophet’s ‫ ﷺ‬affairs in Makkah. He then left on foot and met up
with the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in Quba.

Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬left Quba on Friday with Ali ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬and other Sahabah towards Madinah after
spending 10 - 14 days in Quba. Quba is the place on the outskirts of Madinah where the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬,
accompanied by Abu Bakr‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬arrived and first stayed after emigrating from Makkah.
They arrived on Monday 12th Rab’i al-Awwal, fourteen years after Prophethood and this date marks
the beginning of the Islamic calendar (Hijrah), (16th July 622 CE). A masjid was established here by
the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, the first to be built in Islam.

•The virtue of Masjid Quba is mentioned in the following Qur’aanic verse in Surah Taubah:
“…certainly a masjid founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand
in it…” [9:108]

•The people of Yathrib (which was later named Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, the
Enlightened City) had long awaited the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, and each day they would go beyond the
fields and palm groves and wait for him until the sun became unbearable. One day the
people returned to their homes after waiting a long time for the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. A Jew happened
to catch a glimpse of a small group of white-robed travellers in the distance. He called out:
“O people of Arabia! What you have been waiting for has arrived!”

•The Muslims lifted their weapons and rushed to greet the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. There was a great
clamor as everyone ran to the edge of the desert to catch a glimpse of the travellers. The
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬then turned toward the right and came to Banu Amr bin Auf at Quba.

•After reaching Quba, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬dismounted. Those of the Ansar (literally meaning ‘the
helpers’, the name given to those in Al-Madinah who became Muslim) who had not seen the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬thought that Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬was the Prophet because his hair had grown
a little gray. But when they saw Abu Bakr shade the ‫ ﷺ‬with a sheet, they realized their

•On arriving in the village of Quba after the blessed Hijrah (migration), the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬stayed for
several days in the house of Kulthoom bin Hadm ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬and laid the foundations of Masjid
Quba on his land. Prior to the migration of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬the Muslims sometimes offered their
Friday prayers at the house of Sa’ad ibn Khaithamah ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬which was close by. The location
of this house was included in the modern-day extension of Masjid Quba but the location of the
house of Kulthoom bin Hadm ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬is marked by a few boulders to the south-west of
Masjid Quba.

•The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬personally carried stones, rocks and sand with his companions for the construction
work. Al-Tabarani quoted Al-Shimous Bint Al-Nuaman as saying, “I saw the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬when he
constructed this mosque. He used to carry stones and rocks on his back until it was bent. I also saw
dust on his dress and belly. But when one of his companions would come to take the load off him,
he would say no and ask the companion to go and carry a similar load instead.”

•Narrated by Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn ‘Umar ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬said, “The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to go
to the Mosque of Quba every Saturday (sometimes) walking and (sometimes) riding.”
Prophet used to go on this route from Home to Quba Masjid.

He stayed in this home until moved to Madinah.

Beer al Khatam:
There was a ring for Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, which was taken by Abu Bakr Siddique ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬when he
became the 1st Caliph. Umar Ibn Al Khattab ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬took the ring when he was chosen
as the 2nd Caliph, & similarly, it was for Usman ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬after he was chosen as the 3rd
Caliph. It is narrated that Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬once sat on the edge of the well with his feet dangled inside;
water was jumping and touching his feet and also performed wodhu with its water. To follow
the Sunnah one-day Usman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was sitting the same place and same way; all of a sudden,
the ring fell from his hand into the well. Sahabah tried to find the ring for 3 days removing all
the water, but it was never found. Some Ulamaa’ say that it was the sign for Fitnahs which began
after that instance & Usman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬died as a martyr. Well was in the west of Masjid Quba.
Beer Khaatam was demolished during the expansions of QUBA & now its location is the water

Jum’aa Masjid old photo. Below New Photo.

JUM’AA MASJID in Madinah•The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬left Quba on a Friday to head into Madinah
after spending 14 days in Quba. About a kilometer from Quba he passed the village of Banu
Salim bin Auf. The people of Banu Salim implored: “O Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, you stayed at
the homes of our cousins for a number of days, reward us too with something, for they will
pride themselves over us till the Day of Judgement that you stayed with them”. The Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬dismounted and offered his first Jum’aa in their locality.
•Approximately one hundred Muslims participated in this first Jum’aa Salah. Amongst them
were the Prophet’s ‫ ﷺ‬relatives from Bani an-Najjar who had come to meet him and some
from Bani Amr who had escorted him from Quba.
•After performing the Friday prayer, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬mounted Qaswa (his camel) and set off
for the city of Madinah. Masjid Jum’aa is also known by Masjid Bani Salim, Masjid al wadi,
Masjid Ghubaib and Masjid Aatikah.
According to ibn Jarir, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬delivered this Khutbah (sermon): “Praise belongs to
Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. I praise Him, ask for His help and seek His Forgiveness and beseech Him for
Guidance. I believe in Him and do not reject Him. I despise those who disbelieve Him. And I
bear witness that there is no God but Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, the One, Who has no partner, and that
Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger who is sent with guidance and true religion, light
and admonition, when there has not been a Messenger for a long time, when knowledge is
but little, men are misguided, and end of time is near, death being at hand. He who obeys
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬and His Messenger is indeed guided and he who disobeys them is lost on the wrong
path, is fallen down to a terrible misguidance. And I urge you to fear Allaah ‫ – ﷻ‬the best
advice a Muslim may give to another Muslim, urging him to prepare for the Hereafter and to
fear Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. O People; keep away from that which Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬has asked to shun. And there
is no counsel greater than that and no remembrance greater than that. Know! For him who
fears Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬in his pursuits, the best course is Taqwa (righteousness) in affairs of the
Hereafter. He who keeps his relationship with Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, both secret and open, correct – being
sincere – that will be an asset for him after death more than zikr in this world. But if anyone
fails in that then he would wish that his deeds were kept away from him. As for him who
believes and fulfils his promise then; “The word is not changed with Me, nor do I wrong (My)
servants.” [50:29] Muslims! Fear Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬in what concerns you now and what will follow,
in what is hidden and what is open, for, “And he who fears Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, He will acquit him of
his evil deeds and He will magnify reward for him.” [65:5] And those who fear Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬will
gain a mighty success. It is fear of Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬that keeps away His disapproval, punishment
and wrath. It is Taqwa (fear of Allaah ‫ )ﷻ‬that brightens the countenance, pleases the Lord
and raises ranks. O Muslims! Pursue good fortune but do not lag behind in rights of Allaah
‫ﷻ‬. He taught you His Book and guided you on the path that the righteous and the false may
be distinguished. O People! Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬has been good to you and you should be like that to
others. Keep away from His enemies and strive in His cause with determination. He has
chosen you and named you Muslims so that he who perishes, does so for worthy cause and
he who lives, follows a worthy cause. And every piety is done with His help. O People!
Remember Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. Strive for the Hereafter. As for him, who corrects his relationship with
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬then Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬corrects his relationship with other people. Know! Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬judges
over people but is not judged by anyone. He is their Master but they have no power over Him.
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬is the Greatest. And there is no power (to do good) except with Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬the
The roof of the mosque was repaired at the end of 9 Hijri (630 CE) by Shams Al Din Qawoon.

The mosque was rebuilt the first time during the reign of famous Khalifa Umar bin Abdul
Aziz ‫ رحمه هللا‬, and a second time during the Abbasid period between 155 and 159 Hijri (771 CE
to 775 CE).

During the Ottoman period, Sultan Bezaid ordered its renewal in the mid -14th century.

UTBAN BIN MALIK ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬Masjid site now: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬lead the prayer here and now the
Masjid was demolished. It is located on the opposite (other side of road) side of Masjid
Jum’aa. On the way to Madinah from Jum’aa Masjid, Utban bin Malik ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬requested
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬to alight and pray in his home so that they can pray later in that place. Sahih al
Bukhari: Volume 7, Book 65, Number 313:

UTBAN BIN MALIK ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬Masjid. Old photo.

UHUD Graveyard: Battle of Uhud was fought on March 19, 625 (3 rd Shawwal 3rd Hijri). Here
graves of Hamza bin Abd al Muttalib ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬paternal uncle of Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, Abdullaah bin
Jasht ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and Mus’ab bin Umair ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬present along with rest of the martyrs
of Uhud buried behind this enclosure. Around 65 Ansars of Madinah and 4 Muhajirun of
Makkah martyred in the battle. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬with his Sahabah used to visit regularly to their
graves during his lifetime. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬came along with all Sahabah to Uhud and prayed for
the Martyrs of Uhud and gave sermon: ‘I am preceding you; and I am a witness over you.
And indeed, by Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, I am undoubtedly looking towards the Hawdh {KAUTHAR POND}
[right] now. And indeed, I have been given the keys to the treasures of the earth, or the keys
of the earth. And verily, I do not fear that you will commit polytheism (SHIRK) after me. But
I verily fear you will dispute with one another in it (i.e. the world).’ Bukhari:: Book 2 :: Volume
23 :: Hadith 428 . Our Rasool ‫ ﷺ‬guarantees no shirk after him, but present deviant Muslims
certifies (programmed to say) our own Muslim brethren as Shirk, Shirk, and Shirk. What a
calamity....To whom we should follow……..Is this deviant modern scholars or our ‫ﷺ‬.

Martyrs have esteem position in Islam as they have sacrificed their life in this world for the
sake of the great religion. There are many benefits given to them in this world and hereafter.
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬has mentioned in Qur’aan not to consider martyrs as dead but they are living in
presence of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬.

َ‫ّللاِ أ َ ْم َوات ًا بَ ْل أَحْ َياء ِعن َد َر هِب ِه ْم يُ ْر َزقُون‬ َ ‫سبَنَّ الَّ ِذينَ قُ ِتلُواْ ِفي‬
‫س ِبي ِل ه‬ َ ْ‫ َوالَ تَح‬169 – ‫آل عمران‬

Think not of those who are slain in ALLAAH ‫’ﷻ‬s way as dead. nay, they live, finding their
sustenance in the presence of their lord.

There are many renowned martyrs in history, but to be called as Master of Martyrs is a
special distinction. Who is this great Martyr? He is Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
beloved uncle of Rasoolullaah ‫ﷺ‬.

He was amongst early believers of the Religion. He protected Rasoolullaah ‫ ﷺ‬from many evil
doers. He is the one who guarded Rasoolullaah ‫ ﷺ‬when Umar bin Khattab ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came
that day in full fury with sword off from the casing in his hand to confront Rasoolullaah ‫ﷺ‬.
Yes, the day in which Umar bin Khatab ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬took a u-turn in his life and embraced

He is famous for his bravery, marital art skills and battle tricks. He is the one who confronted
and killed Aswad who came to destroy water tank setup by Muslim army in Badr battle. He
is among the three great warriors who stood steadfast when Infidel army from Makkah
asked for three men from Muslim army to fight with them peer to peer. He killed Shaibah
bin Rabeea’h in the spot and reached to help Ubaidah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬who was in little struggle
against Utabah bin Rabeea’h.

In Uhud battle he fought lion heartedly and killed many infidels who came all the way from
Makkah to Madinah to destroy Muslims and their dwellings. He was finally martyred after
being hit by a sharp and lethal rolled spear thrown by Wahshi, slave of Hind from a distance.
Hind, daughter of Shaibah bin Rabeea’h slain by Hamzah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in Badr took her revenge
by ripping chest of this great Martyr, slicing his liver and chewing it. Inna Lillaahi wa inna
Ilaihi rajio’on…
Note: Both Hind binth Shaibah and her slave Wahshi embraced Islam later during Fath Makkah
incident as Rasoolullaah ‫ ﷺ‬showcased his matchless mercy on them by forgiving them. Thus, they
also are among Sahaba and so don’t feel bad on them!

He presented all his skills for the great religion Islam and fought till his last drop of blood.
Rasoolullaah ‫ ﷺ‬was in tears the time He saw slit and torn body of his beloved uncle laying in Uhud
battle field. Now a Masjid is constructed in the place where his body was found. This Masjid called
Masjid Sayyidhu Shuhadah is in front of the block where all martyrs of Uhud are buried. Qabr of
Hamzah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬along with other great martyred Sahaba are almost in the middle of this fenced
block clearly visible by the markings.

Those martyrs might be flying with colors through earth and heaven. May Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬accept their
martyrdom and grant them more and more rewards! May Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬accept our visit to their battle
ground and Qabr and guide us to His near people having solid faith, unmatched patience and
profound knowledge about Him. Aameen!

Leading to Uhud Cave (Ghaar-ul-Taaqiah). Came to know presently authority banned to go there.

GHAAR UL TAAQIAH: RESTING PLACE of Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬HEAD in Uhud cave. Rested place, stone was
melted and gave softness to his head. See the marks.
JABAL ROUMA: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬appointed 50 archers under the command of Abdullaah bin
Jubair ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and said to him, “Drive off the horses from us, lest we should be attacked
from the rear. Whether we win or lose the battle, stand steadily at your position. See that we
are not attacked from your side”. Seeing the battle was going in the favour of the Muslims
and the Polytheists were retreating, around 40 archers left their position ignoring the strict
order of Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and repeated calls from Abdullaah bin Jubair ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. Enemy cavalry
noticed the unguarded pass in the rear, forced a passage through it and fell right on the rear
of the Muslims, who were pre-occupied with the booty. Abdullaah bin Jubair ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was
martyred on the spot giving tough fight and other 9 Sahabah also martyred. Ikrimah bin Abu
Jahl and Abu Sufiyan gathered soldiers and launched an attack on the Muslims, and this lead
to great losses in the Muslim ranks.
In this hill, a small flat open masjid and its broken walls are there.

Any one knows about this? Rasool ‫ ﷺ‬offered Duhar prayer during Uhud battle and now
pilgrims also pray there. You can see at the end of the corner. Its name is Masjid Ainain.
Anyone knows about this………. When you go next time to Uhud do not miss this place……
Masjid Ainain with broken walls.

Remains of FASAH Masjid: On the day of battle of Uhud, ‫ ﷺ‬prayed Dhuhur & Asr by sitting
at Masjid-e-Fasah, located at the foot of Uhud Mountain.
MUSTARAAH MASJID in Madinah Sayyid Al-Shuhada road, has acquired its name because
the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬rested and prayed at this place after her returned from the Battle of
Uhud. Mustarah in Arabic means to take rest.

The mosque was built during the times of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and Madinah historians say
the Prophet prayed in the mosque.
Historian Ahmad Murshed said the mosque is located among the homes of Bani
Haritha. A Turkish castle that stood west of the mosque was removed in 1995.
Banu Haritha tribe lived near this place and gave way to Yazid ibn Muawiyah’s army to enter
Madinah through this area. Yazid army plundered and killed inhabitants of the city.
Whenever the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to visit the grave of Hamza ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and the other martyrs
of Uhud, he takes rest here. One must remember here, for the commoners all the Sahaba
may be equal in their status. But truly speaking our Ulamah made us to think say like this.
SHAIKHAIN MASJID is situated near Sayyid Al-Shuhada Road, south of Masjid Mustarah.
Masjid Shaikhain marks the spot where the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed Salah on the eve of the battle
of Uhud on the 14th Sha’ban 3AH (625 CE). The preparations for the battle were made here.
•After performing the Jum’aa (Friday) prayer, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬set off for Uhud and performed
Asar, Maghrib, Isha, stayed the night and performed Fajr here.
•During this period, all the Muslim inhabitants of Madinah were called here including the
women and elderly. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬planned the battle, inspected the troops and selected
those to participate. Several tender-aged boys had come out with the army with the zeal to
fight for Islam but the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬ordered them back.
•Among the boys was Rafe’ ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. His father Khudaij ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said to the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬,
“O Prophet of Allaah ‫ !ﷻ‬My son Rafe’ is a very good archer.” Rafe’ too, stood on his toes to
show himself taller than he actually was. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬permitted him to stay on. Samrah-
bin-Jundub ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬learnt about this, he complained to his step-father Murrah-bin-Sanan
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬saying, “The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬has permitted Rafe’ and rejected me, while I am sure to
beat him in a wrestling contest and, therefore, I was more deserving of the Prophet’s
favour.” This was reported to the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, who allowed Samrah to prove his claim by
wrestling with Rafe’. Samrah did actually beat Rafe’ in the bout and he too was permitted to
stay in the army. A few more boys made similar efforts to stay on, and some of them did
•There was a great setback to the Muslims when in the morning Abdullaah bin Ubai, the
leader of the hypocrites, broke away with his 300 followers pretending that since his opinion
of fighting inside Madinah was not accepted, he and his men would not take part in the
battle. This reduced the Muslim army from around one thousand to a mere seven hundred
to face a Quraysh army of three thousand. Surprised and alarmed, other tribes reacted badly
to the news and also considered retreating but the counsel of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s
‫ سبحانه و تعالى‬grace renewed their resolve and shortly before dawn they made their way
towards Uhud.
•Narrated Zaid bin Thabit ‫رضي هللا عنه‬: When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬went out for Uhud, some of his
companions (hypocrites) returned (home). A party of the believers remarked that they
would kill those (hypocrites) who had returned, but another party said that they would not
kill them.
So, this Divine Inspiration was revealed (in the Qur’aan): “Then what is the matter with you
that you are divided into two parties concerning the hypocrites. “[4:88]
The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, “Madinah expels the bad persons from it, as fire expels the impurities of
iron.” [Bukhari]

RAAYA or Masjid Dhubaab: A flag was raised as a signal for Jihad and a Khaimah (tent) or
Qubbah was built for Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬over a small mountain (called Dhubaab), from where he
could see the Sahabah digging the trench. And near the Qubbah, a huge very hard rock was
discovered which was broken into pieces striking by Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬three times. There was a
flash of light with each strike and he smiled every time and said with the first one Allaah ‫ﷻ‬
has granted me Syria, I can see its red palaces now. With the second, I have been given the
keys to Persia, I can see the white palace of al Mada’in, and with the third I have been given
the keys to Yemen, I can now see the gates of Sanaa from my place here. The place was
preserved by famous Khalifa Umar bin Abdul Aziz ‫( رحمه هللا‬born in 63 Hijri) & built a Masjid
(during the years 87-93 Hijrah), which was renovated again in the year 845 Hijrah. It is a
beautiful small Masjid up on a tiny hill, hidden between other buildings; you have to go up
by stairs. Located in between Abu Bakr Siddique and Usman bin Affaan road on right hand
side. Later some years back while digging for construction of houses people found fresh
bodies of two Sahabah in the same locality. Do not miss this Masjid when you happened to
be in Holy Madinah.
ABUDHARR GHIFFARI Masjid ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in Madinah is on the northern side of Masjid Nabwi.
Another name for this Masjid is “As Sajdah” for it has been reported by Abdur Rahman bin Auf
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬reports that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬came to a garden of the Baitul-Maal (treasury) and
offered Salah, then went in to a (lengthy) prostration. I said to the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬: “Oh Prophet of
Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, you prostrated (for so long) that I feared that Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬may have taken your soul”. The
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said: “Jibrael came with a message from Allaah ‫‘ ;ﷻ‬He who sends salutations and
peace upon you, I shall send mercy and blessings upon him.’ I prostrated in gratitude of this
bounty of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬.”

SAQEEFAH. (The garden of Al Baiya) – The Oath of Allegiance. This Saqeefah was for the
Qabeelah Bani Saa’idah Al-Khazrajiyyah & as per the Hadith of Bukhari & Muslim.
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬once went to Saqeefah Bani Saa’idah (with some Sahabah) & rested for a while, &
Sahl Bin Sa’ad ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬offered him some water and milk, later he prayed there.

Confusion reigned among the Sahabah as a result of the devastating impact of the death of
the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and the most significant dispute that arose was choosing the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
successor. Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬thought that he was within his rights to succeed the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
because he had been closed to him from the beginning of his mission. He withdrew to his
house with Talha ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and Zubair ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. The Ansar (Helpers) had gathered at
Saqeefah Banu Sa’edah to discuss the question of succession and felt that it should be one
of them as they had protected Islam and offered a home for the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and his companions
when they were persecuted by their own people.

When news of this dispute reached Abu Bakr‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, they rushed
from Masjid-e-Nabwi to Saqeefah Banu Sa’edah accompanied by a
group of Muhajireen (Emigrants). The Ansar were on the verge of pledging allegiance to
Sa’d ibn Ubadah ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. They re-iterated the right of the Ansar to the leadership of the
Muslims but Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬spoke about the gravity of the problem. He pointed out
that the matter did not concern the citizens of Madinah alone; it was a matter of concern for
all the Arabs who had become Muslims, who were not likely to accept the leadership of the
Ansars, particularly when there were differences among the two principal tribes of the Ansars
Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬pointed out that under the circumstances the Quraysh, who were
the custodians of the Ka’bah could alone provide the leadership for the Muslim community.
Addressing his appeal to the Ansar he said: “O Ansar, none can deny the superiority of your
position in religion or the greatness of your eminence in Islam. You were chosen by Allaah ‫ﷻ‬
as the helpers of His religion and His Apostle.

To you the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was sent on his emigration from Makkah and from you come the
majority of his companions and his wives. Indeed, in position you are next only to the earliest
companions. Therefore, it would be fair if we take the Caliphate and you accept the ministry.
You should not be obstinate in your stand. We assure you that we will do nothing without
consulting you.”

Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬then caught the hand of Umar and Abu Obadiah bin Jarrah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and
said, “I choose either of these two to be our Amir”. “One Amir from among us and one from
among you,” someone from among the Ansar suggested. People began to raise their voices
until finally Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬intervened saying,” O Helpers, know ye not that the Messenger
of Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬ordered Abu Bakr to lead the prayer?”. “We know it,” they answered, and he said:
“Then which of you will willingly take precedence over him?”. “Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬forbid that we take
precedence over him!” they said whereupon Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬seized the hand of Abu Bakr
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and pledged allegiance to him, followed by Abu Obadiah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and others of
the Emigrants who had now joined them. Then all the Helpers who were present likewise
pledged their allegiance to Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. Only Sa’d ibn Obadiah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬did not offer
allegiance Whatever they had decided in the hall, it would have been unacceptable for anyone
to have led the prayers in Masjid-e-Nabwi other than Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬so long as he was
there. The next day at dawn, before leading the prayer, he sat on the pulpit and Umar ‫رضي‬
‫ هللا عنه‬rose and addressed the assembly, bidding them pledge their allegiance to Abu Bakr ‫رضي‬
‫هللا عنه‬, whom he described as “the best of you, the Companion of Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Messenger, the
second of two when they were both in the cave.” A recent Revelation of the Qur’aan had
recalled the privilege of Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬to have been the Prophet’s sole companion
at this crucial moment; and with one voice the whole congregation swore allegiance to him –
all except Ali ‫رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬, who did so later.

Some months later, Ali ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬said to Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬: “We know well thy pre-
eminence and what Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬has bestowed upon thee, and we are not jealous of any benefit
that He hath caused to come unto thee. But thou didst confront us with a thing accomplished,
leaving us no choice, and we felt that we had some claim therein for our nearness of kinship
unto the Messenger of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬.” Then Abu Bakr’s ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬eyes filled with tears and
he said: “By Him in whose hand is my soul, I had rather that all should be well between me
and the kindred of Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Messenger than between me and mine own kindred”; and at noon
that day in the masjid he publicly exonerated Ali for not yet having recognized him as Caliph,
whereupon Ali ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬affirmed the right of Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and pledged his
At this place, Abu Bakr Siddique ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬was chosen as the 1st Caliph here after Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬demise. Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬said: “It is not lawful for the Muslims to have two leaders.
Should this ever occur, then conflict will breakout among them in social and legal matters, and
their unity will break, giving way to general discord and strife. This, in turn, will cause the
abandonment of the Sunnah and the spread of Bid’ah (innovations), due to which, such
insurgency and disorder shall arise, for which share will be nor remedy.”

ALI bin ABI TALIB ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬Masjid: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬conducted Eid prayers here.

Masjid Ijabah.
EJABAH Masjid in Madinah: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed in Banu Mu’awiya mosque, near 2 feet on right side of Mihrab.
It is narrated in Sahih Muslim-Kitab al Fitan Book 41, Number 6906: 'Amir b. Sa'd ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬reported on the
authority of his father that one-day Allaah ‫'ﷻ‬s Rasool ‫ ﷺ‬came from a high, land. He passed by the mosque of
Banu Mu'awiya‫رضي هللا عنه‬, went in and observed two raka’ah there and we also observed prayer along with him
and he made a long supplication to his Lord. He then came to us and said: I asked my Lord three things and He
has granted me two but has withheld one. I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed because
of famine and He granted me this. And I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed by drowning
(by deluge) and He granted me this. And I begged my Lord that there should be no bloodshed among the people
of my Ummah, but HE did not grant it.

ABU BAKR SIDDIQUE Masjid. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬on some occasions conducted Eid prayer here. Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
also performed Eid prayers in this mosque. Its present building was constructed by Sultan Mahmood Khan of

Souq Al-MANAAKAH was here west of Masjid Nabwi. Jews controlled the commercial
movement and activities here. Upon request of Muslims this open market was established by
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬for the people of Madinah and disappeared in 3 rd of the hijrah, after the Battle of
Badr. Ibn Hisham has reported that the reason that it ceased to exist was because of what happened
to a Muslim woman, who displayed her wares in the market for sale.

She sat at the goldsmith, who wanted her to uncover her face. She refused, (he secretly) fastened the
edge of her thobe (Arabic dress) from the back (to something) and when she moved she was
uncovered. She cried out and a Muslim man jumped and killed the goldsmith. Then, the Jews gathered
and killed him. The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, with his Companions, laid siege to them until they surrendered. His
judgment against them was that they be banished from Al-Madinah, forever. Area located north of
Masjid Ali ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬and east of Masjid Nabwi.

UMAR bin KHATTAB ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬Masjid near Masjid Nabwi. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬held prayer here and
later Umar ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬conducted Eid Salah.


BANU UNAIF Masjid near Quba masjid. When Talha Al-Bara ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬became ill Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
would visit him. Banu Unaif made a Masjid at the place where Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬offered prayers during his
visits. When Talha ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬passed away Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬made du’aa: "Oh Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬meet Talha
smiling and let him also meet you smiling." Still it is there as above in Quba area.

GHAMAMAH Masjid: The name Ghamamah became famous in 17th year of Hijrah; during the
caliphate of Umar ibn Al-Khattab ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬when Hijaaz, Madinah & its surroundings were
struck by drought (Qaht). Umar ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬took the hand of Abbas ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬in his
hands & prayed “Ya Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, we ask you on behalf of your Prophet’s uncle that You Take away
the drought & Shower the rain”. And they had not moved from where they were standing but
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬Sent water from the skies, clouds came immediately & it rained. So, due to that
incident, Musalla took the name as Masjid-ul-Ghamamah. It is built on the site where the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬performed the Eid Salaah during the last years of his life.

•This masjid is also known as Masjid Eid. According to some reports the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬performed
the Eid Salah here during the last four years of his life. This is also the location where the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬performed Salatul Istisqa (a special Salah for invocation of rain). The word
Ghamama means clouds which suddenly appeared and brought rain after the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬had
performed the prayer.

•According to some reports, this was also the spot (or close to this area) where the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
performed the Janaza (funeral) prayer of Najashi, the Emperor of Aksum in Abyssinia
(Ethiopia). Najashi, although being a Christian, had welcomed the groups of Muslims who had
migrated to his country in order to escape the persecution of the Quraysh and later on
accepted Islam. When however, he passed away, there was nobody to lead the funeral prayers
and so the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed his Janaazah Salah, the only time ever he did so in the absence
of the actual body.
Old Photo of Masjid Gamama. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬conducted four times Eid prayer here.

BAGAHLAH Masjid, near Jannatul Baqee, eastern side converted into graveyard. Banu
Zafar tribe used to live here. A stone near the mosque bears the mark of Mare hoof of
Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. When Abdullaah ibn Masood ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬reciting Qur’aan ayah: 4:41,
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬told him to stop reciting and tears started to flow from his eyes.
MUGHASALA Masjid Some Sahabah from Banu Dinaar in Madinah had the profession of
washing the clothes, they were called the “launderers”. Abu Bakar Siddique ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
married a woman from that tribe & once he was among the launderers from Banu Dinaar
when he felt sick. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬visited him at the residence of Banu Dinaar & offered Salaat
in their Masjid. Location of this Masjid is still preserved Alhamdu lillaah. Some Muslims
have a concept that offering Salaat at such Masajid is Bid’ah, it is not correct, he was Umar
bin Abdul Aziz who built many Masajid at those locations where ‫ ﷺ‬prayed, and surely
Umar bin Abdul Aziz was wiser. And it was famous for Abdullah bin Umar ‫رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬
that he remembered those locations & whenever he crossed such an area, he used to
offer Salaat on that soil.

Masjid Suqya is located inside the Anbariya train station. When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬departed
for the battle of Badr he stopped here, performed ablution and offered Salah. He then
supplicated for the dwellers of Madinah and paraded his forces.
•During the Caliphate of Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, the uncle of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, Abbas bin Abdul
Muttalib ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was asked to lead the Istisqaa prayer (prayer for rain) here.
•Towards the south of Masjid Suqya, just outside the boundary wall of the railway station
was a well which belonged to Saad ibn Abi Waqqas ‫رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنه‬. On his way to the battle
of Badr the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬performed ablution with its water and water was drawn from here
for him to drink.
•The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬also made du’aa here for Barakah for Madinah. There are numerous
variations of this du’aa, possibly the one that was made at the time could have been the
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zaid‫ رضي هللا عنه‬: The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, “The Prophet Ibrahim made
Makkah a sanctuary, and asked for Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s blessing in it. I made Madinah a sanctuary
as Ibrahim made Makkah a sanctuary and I asked for Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Blessing in its measures
the mudd’ and the sa’ (units of measurement) as Ibrahim did for Makkah”, “O Allaah ‫!ﷻ‬
Bless them in their measure, and bless them in their sa’ and mudd’.”

He meant the people of Madinah.

Old Photo showing the Masjid Suqya on top left corner.

HOUSE & WELL of Fathima (Sakhina) bint Hussain bin Ali ‫رضي هللا عنه‬: Near to Masjid-e-
Minaratain; is the house & well for Fatimah Bint-e-Hussain, daughter of Hussain Bin Ali Bin
Abi Talib ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. She moved to this location from the house of her grandmother
Fatimah Al-Zahra ‫[ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنهﺎ‬daughter of Prophet ‫ ]ﷺ‬after the incident of Karbala.
Water was necessary, so she prayed 2 Rak’ah & indicated the site for workers, digging of
well started & the water came out, & she named it as Beer ZamZam.

QASRA OF URWA: Abdullaah Ibn al Zubair (Home) died in Hijra 94. in outskirts of
Madinah, was among the seven fuqaha (jurists) who formulated the fiqh of Madinah in
the time of the Tabi‘in and one of Muslim historian. He was the son of Asma bint Abu Bakr
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and Zubayr ibn al Awwam, the brother of Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, the nephew
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and the nephew of Aa’isha bint Abu Bakr. He was the first son born in Madinah
after Hijrah, and was martyred by tyrant Hajjaj bin Yousuf, and hanged his body on
Ka’abah door for three days. He was a recognized authority on the early history of Islam
and Ibn Ishaq and other writers justify the assertion that he was the founder of Islamic
The Seven Fuqaha of Madinah.

• Said ibn Al-Musayyib ‫رضي هللا عنه‬

• Urwah ibn Zubayr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
• Abu Bakr ibn Abd al-Rahman ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
• Qasim ibn Muhammad ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
• Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullaah ibn 'Utba ibn Mas'ud ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
• Sulayman ibn Yasar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
• Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit ‫رضي هللا عنه‬

MASJID E NOOR or Masjid Tawbah or Masjid Al Usba and Well: to the south west of Banu
Unaif Masjid. It belongs Bani Jahjabha tribe, located in the Usba area and well of al Hajim
exists. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed and drank water from the well here when entered Madinah first
Once Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬went to the area of Banu Ummayyah bin Zaid & stood at their well. Our
beloved Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked them, “What is the name of this well”? They said that its name
is Usrah. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said “NO, but its name is Yusrah”, then he spat his saliva in the well,
made Wodhu from its water & invoked blessing for the well. It was Be'r-al-Yusrah in Awali
(near Masjid Fadheekh or Shams), but later, it was known as Bee'r-al-Ehen.

BEER AL EHEN. Old photo.

MASHID SHAMS or Fadheek now graveyard.
FADHEEK MASJID or Masjid Shams: Banu Nadheer was a Jewish tribe. They came to Madinah
and inhabited it. When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬made Hijrah to Madinah, he arranged a peace
agreement amongst all parties. This is called Constitution of Madinah. But the Jews according
to their custom continued plotting and conspiring to such an extent that they even planned
the murder of Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, therefore Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in the month of Rabi al Awwal besieged them.
The siege lasted for 6 days after which they were expelled from Madinah. A Masjid was built
at the place where Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and his Sahabah offered 6 nights’ prayer during the siege. This
Masjid later constructed by famous Khalifa Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (rah) born in 63 Hijri. Also,
during his siege, the prohibition of wine was revealed. So, the Sahabah poured away all the
wine they possessed. The wine poured away by the Sahabah was known as Fadheekh.

It once happened that Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was lying on the Lap of Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in this area, fell asleep.
The Time was of ASR and Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was seeing the sun setting in front of his eyes. Ali
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬always prayed his prayers on time and this was the first time that he was going to
miss his prayers. But he didn’t have the courage to wake the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬but his eyes became
wet and he started crying...his tears fell on the blessed cheeks Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and he got up. On
seeing Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked the reason of crying, he answered that the Sun has set
Asar Prayers have become Qadha. First time in his life he missed his Asr Prayers on time. To
this Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said Do you want read Qadha aur Adha. Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said Adha. So, Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬raised his blessed fingers and pointed it towards the SUN and the SUN started following the
fingers of our Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and the Sun which had just now SET, was out again and the time for
ASAR had come back once again on the signal of Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬prayed his ASR
on time once again.

BUSTAAN USH SHIFA, site of Khak-e-Shifa near Beer Ghars. It is reported that Prophet (‫ )ﷺ‬visited
Bani Harith tribe & they were looking tired, Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked them “Why you are so tired”. They
said that we are suffering with fever. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said “How far are you from Suaib”? They said
“What should we do with it”? Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said “Take the soil from SUAIB & put it in water &
someone from you should spit in that water & say: By the name of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, soil of our land with
spittle of someone among us; is Shifa (cure) for our sick by the order of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. Probably it was
meant to take Ghusl from that water & when Bani Harith bathed with soil from
Suaib+water+spittal, their fever was gone. Bustaan-ush-Shifa is also called “Turbah Suaib”, its
location is very near to Beer Ghars.
BEER AL GHARS is near to Khak e Shifa in Madhina: Here Sahabas pitched their tent and
dig a well but water was salty & sour taste and complained to Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, he took the
water in his mouth and spat in the well and then this water became sweeter than honey.
On the authority of Husain bin Zaid bin Ali Bin Husain bin Ali ‫ ;رضي هللا عنه‬Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said:
If I die, then give me Ghusl with 7 water-skins from Beer Ghars well. Narrated by Ibn-e-
Majah. And also, Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, this well is one of the springs of Jannah. The well is near
Quba; area was the houses for Bani Nadheer.


SALMAN FARSI well near Salman Farsi garden in Madinah and it is protected by fencing.
Garden of Salman Farsi ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
•Salman the Persian ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came to the ‫ ﷺ‬to seek his counsel and his help. His master,
a Jew of the Bani Quraizah, kept him so hard at work on his property south of Madinah
that he had never been able to have close contact with the Muslim community.
•He had asked his master what it would cost to set him free, but the price was far beyond
his means. He would have to pay forty ounces of gold and plant three hundred date palms.
The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬told him to write his master an agreement to pay the gold and plant the
trees. Then he called on his Companions to help Salman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬with the palms, which
they did, one contributing thirty palm-shoots, another twenty, and so on, until the full
number had been reached. “Go dig the holes for them Salman,” said the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, “and
tell me when thou hast done, and mine is the hand that shall put them in.” The
Companions helped Salman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬to prepare the ground, and the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬planted
each of the three hundred shoots, which all took root and thrived.
•As to the remainder of the price, a piece of gold the size of a hen’s egg had been given
to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬from one of the mines, and he gave it to Salman, telling him to buy
himself free with it. “How far will this go towards what I have to pay?” said Salman ‫رضي‬
‫هللا عنه‬, thinking that the price had been greatly underestimated. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬took the
gold from him and putting it in his mouth he rolled his tongue around it. Then he gave it
back to Salman ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, saying: “Take it, and pay them the full price with it.” Salman
weighed out to them forty ounces from it, and so he became a free man.

BANI QURAIDAH masjid north of Quba. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬laid 25 days under siege to Bani
Quraidha Jews for their treason, ending them surrender and returned to Madinah on 7th
Dhul Hijja. As per the Islamic historians all male member of this tribe killed in Madinah
Souq according to the law of Jews and Muslim.
BANI KHATAMA Masjid near to Maria Qibtiyya (Prophet’s wife) home (now it is grave yard
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed here.

KAAB ibn ASHRAF FORT: He was a wealthy handsome poet, lived luxury life in a fort, criticized
and mocked the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, also tried to provoke the Makkah Quraysh against Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, later
composed verses insulting Muslim women. He was born to a Jewish-Arab mother from the Nadir
tribe, and an Arab father from the Tayy tribe, and followed his mother's religion. Enemy of Allaah
‫ ﷻ‬who said about the Muslim victory of Badr as “If what I hear is true, then I would prefer the
earth swallow me rather than keep me on this surface”. Later he rode to Makkah made a treaty
with Abu Sufiyan and incited to take up arms against Muslims. It is on the way to But’haan Dam
right hand side. On Rabi‘Al-Awwal 14th, at night, the year 3 A.H. he was killed after a good
planning by Salkan bin Salamah ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Abu Na’ilah ‫رضي هللا عنه‬.
Maria Qibtiya home, old photo.

Maria Qibtiya ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنهﺎ‬home now it is graveyard.

Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬wife MARIA QIBTIYA home in Madinah, Quba area. She died during the
caliphate of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, in Muharram of 16 AH. ‘Umar gathered the
people himself and led the funeral prayer for her. She was buried in al-Baqi’. Ibrahim son
of Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬through Maria died in 18 months old, buried in Jannatul Baqi. Among the
Scholars of Islam there is difference of opinion regarding Maria whether she was a
concubine or slave or wife to Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

QIBLAHTAIN MASJID: This is Masjid Qiblahtain (Mosque of the Two Qiblahs). It is historically
important to Muslims as this is where in Rajjab 2 AH the revelation of the Qur’aan came to change
the direction of the Qiblah from Bait-al-Maqdis in Jerusalem to the Ka’bah in Makkah.

•During his time in Makkah, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to pray towards Bait-al-Maqdis, with the Ka’bah
in front of him. When he migrated to Madinah, he prayed towards Jerusalem for 16-17 months
approximately, but he hoped it would be changed to the Ka’bah.

•In 2nd Hijri during Dhuhr prayer, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬had led his Companions in praying two rak’ahs
facing Bait al Maqdis at Banu Salimah Mosque, and was commanded to face towards the Ka’bah
when he was in third Rak’ah, following revelation in the Qur’aan in Surah al-Baqrah 2:142-144
and prayer was completed 2 Rakah facing Ka’bah:
“Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad’s) face towards the heaven. Surely, We
shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction
of Al-Masjid Al-Haram (at Makkah). And where so ever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer)
in that direction.” [2:144]

•The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬turned around towards the Ka’bah and the Sahabah copied out of obedience.
Thus, the Ka’bah became the new Qiblah of the Muslims for all time to come.

•Until 1980 Masjid Qiblahtain used to uniquely contain two mihrab, one in the direction of Bait-
al-Maqdis and the other towards Makkah. However, the old mihrab has now been covered with
marble plate.

•Imam Ahmed has reported from Aaisha ‫ )رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنهﺎ‬that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said: “The People
of the Book do not envy us for anything as much as they do for the Friday given to us by Allaah ‫ﷻ‬
with which they are deprived. They also envy us for the Qiblah which Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬gave us but not
them, and also for the Aameen (recital after Surah Fatihah in Salah) behind the imam.”

Masjid e SABAQ: The main picture above shows the approximate area where in the
time of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬horses were trained for the purpose of fighting in the cause of
Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. A masjid called Masjid Sabaq (inset) was once erected here but has now been
The place of Masid Sabaq is about 520m north-west of Masjid-e-Nabwi.
According to some reports this area is where the Sahabah would play games of throwing
watermelon rinds to each other and where the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and Aa’isha ‫رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنهﺎ‬
would sometimes race with each other.
BEER USMAN OR Beer Roumah in Madinah near North West of Masjid Qiblahtain: Beer
Roumah is possibly the only well in Madinah which is running since the times of Prophet
‫ﷺ‬. Its water is sweet & resembles the taste of ZamZam. It was owned by a Sahabi from
the tribe of Bani Ghaffar, whose name was Roumah Al-Ghifaari-al-Kinaany. Bishr Bin
Basheer-al-Aslami reports on the authority of his father “When Muslim Muhajireen came
from Makkah, water was in shortage & Roumah Al-Ghifaary used to sell water from his
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked him “Do you substitute the well by a spring in Jannah?”
Roumah Al-Ghifaari said, Yaa Rasoolullaah, I do not have any source of income except this
When the subject was heard by Usmaan Bin Affan ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, he purchased the well from
Roomah for 35,000 Dirhams & went to Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and asked “Do you promise the same
spring for me in Jannah? “Our beloved Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said “YES”.
Usmaan Bin Affan ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬has made the well as WAQF for Muslims.

Jabir ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬reports that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬made du’aa for three Days-Mon, Tue & Wed,
(after the ritual prayers). Allaah ‫ سبحانه و تعالى ﷻ‬answered and on Wednesday Jibrael ‫عليه‬
‫ السالم‬was sent to give him glad tidings of victory in between Dhuhur and Asr prayer.

Jabir ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬reports that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬made du’aa for three days (after the ritual

From amongst his supplications were: “O Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, Revealer of the Book, swift in taking
account, turn the confederates to flight, O Lord defeat them and cause them to quake.”

“There is no God but Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, the One Who Conferred upon His armies the honour of
victory and helped His servant and routed the confederates alone; there is nothing after

Allaah ‫ سبحانه و تعالى ﷻ‬answered the call of His Messenger and Jibrael ‫ عليه السالم‬was sent
to give him glad tidings of victory. The masjid marks the spot where this happened.
Fatah is Arabic for victory.

Masjid Fatah is also known as Masjid Ahzab and Masjid A’la. A masjid existed here at the
time of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

Masjid Fath is one of the group of masjids known collectively as Masaajid Sab’ah (The
Seven Mosques), the others being Masjid Salman Farsi, Masjid Ali, Masjid Umar, Masjid
Sa’ad, Masjid Abu Bakr and the seventh is Masjid Qiblatain. Some of these have now been
MASJID KHANDAQ AREA (Now) Known as Battle of Ahzab, Battle of the Confederates.
Siege of Madinah was a fortnight-long by Arab and Jewish tribes. The strength of the
confederate armies estimated around 10,000 men with six hundred horses and some
camels, while the Medina defenders numbered 3,000. The battle began on March 31, 627,
4th or 5th Hijri Shawwal. After Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬departure, Khalifa e Rashidun ‫رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنهم‬
used to visit Uhud regularly and Fathima al Zahra ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنهﺎ‬visit on Friday regularly.

It was during battle of Khandaq (called Al Ahzab in Qur’aan) when infidel army from
Makkah came to capture and demolish Madinah, the city of Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Messenger ‫صلى هللا‬
‫عليه و سلم‬. It was in 5th Hijri year when Rasoolullaah ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬and his companions
were not well equipped with enough provisions for a battle. Salman al Farsi ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬a
renowned companion then put forth the idea of digging a wide and deep trench at
entrance of Madinah.

Rasoolullaah ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬approved the idea and they dug a deep, wide and long trench
along valley of the hill Sila’ (‫)جبل سلع‬. It was an effortful job undertaken by Rasoolullaah
‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬and his companions counting more than a thousand. They completed the
trench, though countered by lack of food and fatigue.

As expected Makkah mushriks came and was baffled to see the deep and wide trench.
Army of Rasoolullaah ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬had already taken positions in strategic areas around
the hill. Unable to advance, the Makkah mushriks stayed near the trench expecting food
and provisions of Muslim army will dry out and finally they might come for confrontation
with them.

Rasoolullaah ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬stayed in a place and prayed to Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬for His mercy and
special help for almost three days. Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬helped His beloved and the Ummah Al
Islamiyah. Verily, He is the supporter of His believers. He sent down a rain storm which
terrorized the enemies and they had to flee the ground. They left their belongings and
valuables including cooked food thus offering a feast to Muslim army. The battle ended
without much bloodshed and the army of Islam winning! ‫الحمد هلل‬

There were seven Masjids later built at positions where main groups of Sahaba had taken
positions near the hill. There are only four Masjids seen nowadays. Unfortunately, the
trench dug by Rasoolullaah ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬and his companions with a lot of effort and
pain was recently filled and a road is paved over it. Luckily Masjdul Fath is preserved where
Rasoolullaah ‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬offered his special supplication to Allaah ‫ﷻ‬.

Many people visit Khandaq and especially Masjdul Fath. It was very much crowded inside
Masjidul Fath and many people were offering two raka’ah prayers where Rasoolullaah
‫ صلى هللا عليه و سلم‬had prayed.

Old photo showing 6 mosques area at Khandaq battle area.

JABIR ABDULLAAH ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬home and now it is Masjid Bani Haram.

Masjid BANI HARAM in Madinah near Khandaq area. This was the House of Jabir ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬and three Miracles performed by Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬here. 1. All the Sahabah digging the trench
were provided meal with the blessings of Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, which only available little in a small
pot. 2. Qurbani (sacrificed) small goat was given life by Prophet 3. ‫ﷺ‬. Jabir ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
dead children brought back to life again. And also, few revelations came down from Allaah
‫ ﷻ‬to Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬on the account of Jabir ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in this home. On the account of father
of Jabir ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Abdullaah bin Haram ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬who was the one first to be martyred
in battle of Uhud. And H.Q: 4: 176 verses were revealed on account of Jabir ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
and his sisters about the inheritance. And the only Sahabi, Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬directly had
conversation with him. On account of Abdullaah bin Haram ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬revealed
an Ayah in H.Q: 3:169. Also, Abdullaah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬pre-told to his son Jabir ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
about first person to be martyred will be him during the battle. For detail, kindly refer
Hadith & Tafsir.

KAHF (CAVE) Bani al Haram and old Masjid: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed here during Ghazwat
"To the right side of Jabl Sila’e, on the way to Masjid Fatah; Situated on the western side of mount
sila’e and southern side of masjid Sabah. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬stayed in a cave here during trench war;
someone called upon Khaf ibn Malik ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and said his Tawbah (repentance) has been
accepted and deportation issue is stopped. Near this mosque there is a cave where revelation
came to our Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. Located near the house of Jabir ibn ‘Abdullaah ‫’رضي هللا عنه‬s house, where
the food he had prepared to feed the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and a few companions during battle of trench
was miraculously increased by Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬to feed the whole army"- Hadiths from Bukhari &
Muslim, Baihaqee and Al Bidayah wan Nihaya.

It was narrated that The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to stay and spend the nights there during The, Battle of
the Trench. "And it seems that he intended to the mentioned cave in (Al Awsat WA Al Sager) for
Al Tabari" as Al Sayed said. That Moaz bin Jabil ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬went out looking for The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
and he was indicated to Thawab Mount. He saw The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬kneeling to Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬in a cave that
was taken as a path to Al Fatah Mosque. Moaz bin Jabal ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬thought that The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
was dead until The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬rose from kneeling and said: “Jibrael came to me in this place and
said: Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬sends you greet and ask you what do you like him to do in your nation? I said: Allaah
‫ ﷻ‬Knows. So, He went then came back to me and said: Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬says" I will not harm you in your
nation" then I knelt, and the best way to be closer to Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬is by kneeling”.

Masjid Juhainah near Jabal Sila and Old Masjid. It is a mosque that was established by the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬for the tribes of Juhaina and Bali. Ibn Shaiba narrates from Maaz ibn Abdullaah ibn
Abi Mariam Ajjahani and others that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed in Juhaina Mosque.

Jabir Ibn Osama Ajjahani says, “I met the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬with his companions in the market. I asked,
“Where were you going with the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. They said, “To set a Masjid for your people”. I came
back and saw that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬set a masjid for my people and inserted a wooden stick in to
refer to the Qiblah direction”. This happened in the spot where the Masjid stands today.
BADR Shuhadah buried here: The Battle of Badr (first battle with Kuffars of Makkah and
Muslims), fought 13 March 624 CE (17 Ramdhan 2 AH). Mentioned in H.Q: 3:13 and 3:
123-125 and it is located behind the Areesh Masjid.

14 BADR e Shahaba. Do not forget this holy site………In 2001 and 2009 had been to this
place. They are buried opposite road of the Masjid Areesh nearly ½ km away. Actual site
of battlefield lies behind the Areesh Masjid.

AREESH MASJID in Badr: Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬Qaimah (Tent) was here and prayed for the victory.
Ancient Masjid in the WADI OF SAJAASJI on the way to Badr from Madinah. A Hadith is
quoted by Ibn Shibah & the same text is narrated by other books like Mujamme'-ul-
Zawaayed by Haithami, Ibn Zabaalah, Mu'jam Kabeer by Tibraani, Kanz-ul-Ummaal, etc.
Narrated by Amr Bin Awf Al-Muzni ‫" رضي هللا عنه‬We went out with Prophet ‫صلى هللا عليه وآﻟه‬
‫ وصحبه وسلم‬to Ghazwah Abwaa' (which was the first Ghazwah). When we reached, a place
called Irq-il-Zhabyah, Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed there & then said, do you know the name of this
Sahabah said "Allaah ‫ & ﷻ‬His Rasool knows it better".
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said: “This mountain is Hamat, it is from the mountains of Jannah", then he
said "Yaa Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, send your blessings for this Wadi & for the people living here".
Then he said for the Wadi’: "This is Sajaasij, a Wadi from the Wadis of Jannah, 70 Prophets
before me have prayed in this Masjid & Prophet Musa ‫ عليه السالم‬crossed this Wadi with
70,000 pilgrims from Bani Israeel (while going to Hajj), & Qiyamah will never come till Isa
Ibn-e-Maryam comes to Sajaasij (going for Hajj OR Umrah).
Follow the old single-track route you can find this. Hadith was taken from the book of Ibn-
e-Zabalah & the same was also narrated by Hafiz Abu Nu'aim in his famous book "Hilyatul
BEER ROUHA in close view. In one Riwayaat nearly 70 Prophets ‫ عليه السالم‬drank water from
this well.

Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬stayed and prayed along with Sahaba while proceeding for Ghazwah e Abwa.
An old picture but showing white dome on left the house of Sahabi Aiyyub Al Ansari ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
house where the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬camel Qaswa sat after migration. Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬accepted Aiyyub al
Ansari ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬as host and stayed in this house nearly seven months. Now no more due
Mosque expansion. This is the approximate spot where existed the house of Abu Ayyub Ansari
‫رضي هللا عنه‬. This is where the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬initially stayed for several months on his migration to
Madinah, while Masjid-e-Nabwi and the adjoining rooms for his wives were being built.

•When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬entered Madinah, he told the people to allow his camel to go her own way
for “she is guided by Allaah ‫ﷻ‬.” All of the Muslims desired that he would lodge with them. Finally,
the she-camel knelt, but the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬did not dismount. The animal rose to its feet again, ambled
ahead for some distance, and then turned back and knelt in the same place it had before. Masjid-
e-Nabwi was erected on this very spot.

•Adjacent to the spot where the camel knelt was the house of Abu Ayyub Ansari ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬who
hurried to lift the saddle from the camel and took it to his home. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬remarked
humorously, “A man must follow his saddle,” and went along with Abu Ayyub‫ رضي هللا عنه‬.

Asad bin Zurara ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬took hold of the halter, so he was allowed to take care of the camel.

•The house of Abu Ayyub Ansari ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was double-storied. When it was settled that the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬would stay at this place, he offered the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬to stay on the upper story but the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬could not agree to this proposal, as he felt that people frequently coming to meet him
would disturb his (Abu Ayyub’s) family. Thus, the ground floor was made vacant for the Prophet
‫ﷺ‬. Abu Ayyub ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬sent meals to him twice a day and whatever he left uneaten was shared
by Abu Ayyub ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and his wife. He would look at the marks of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬fingers on
the food and place his own fingers at the same spots as a source of blessing.

•Although the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬had stayed at the ground floor according to his own wish, it was quite
unbearable for Abu Ayyub ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and his wife that they should live upstairs while the Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬was downstairs. They were much disturbed to think that in this way they were showing
disrespect to the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. One night they could not sleep and passed the whole night sitting in
a corner of the roof. In the morning Abu Ayyub ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and said, “O
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, we could not sleep at night but passed the whole night sitting in a corner
of the roof.” When Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬asked the cause, he replied, “Our parents may be sacrificed on you,
we always remain thinking that we are committing disrespect to you. Last night this feeling grew
to the utmost and we could not sleep.” After this he requested, “O Prophet of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, have
mercy upon us and kindly shift upstairs. We are your slaves and shall remain satisfied under your
feet.” The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬granted his request and moved upstairs while Abu Ayyub ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and
his wife moved to the ground floor.

•Abu Ayyub Ansari’s ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬full name was Khalid ibn Zayd ibn Kulayb. His grave lies in Istanbul
where he was honoured with martyrdom during the siege of Constantinople in the caliphate of
Muawiyah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in 48 A.H.

People visiting Hazrath Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬door and offer Du’aa. Old photo and below
New photo.
A Hadith is narrated by Sahih Muslim: Abu Sa'id Khudri ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬reported that Allaah
‫'ﷻ‬s Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬sat on the pulpit and said: Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬Gave a choice to His servant that he may
opt the beauties of the world or that which is with Him and the servant chose that which
was with Allaah ‫ﷻ‬. Thereupon Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬wept and he wept bitterly and said:
Let our fathers and our mothers be taken as ransom for you. It was Allaah ‫'ﷻ‬s Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
who had been given the choice and Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬knew it better than us, and Allaah
‫'ﷻ‬s Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬is reported to have said: Behold, of all people the most generous toward me
in regard to his companionship and his property was Abu Bakr and were I to choose anyone
as my bosom friend, I would have chosen Abu Bakr as my dear friend, but (for him) I cherish
Islamic brotherliness and love. There shall be left open no window in the MASJID except
Abu Bakr's window.
Have you ever tried to find this place in Masjid-e-Nabawi? You are going to Madinah since
many years & you have never seen the beauty hidden in its history. See the below photos
Old & New…………
"Khokhah" in Arabic means a small door like a large window which is common between
two houses, so Khokhah Abu Bakr was the door for Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬house (from the
western side) which opened inside Masjid-e-Nabawi…………
House of Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬: This is the approximate location where one of the houses
of Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in Madinah existed. The house was adjacent to the western wall
of Masjid-e-Nabwi at the time of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

•The main door of the house was in the west wall. Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬also installed a
small door in the eastern wall of the house that opened into Masjid-e-Nabwi for easy
access into the masjid. As mentioned in Bukhari, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, “Close all those doors
which open into the mosque except the door of the house of Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬.”

•When Caliph Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬expanded Masjid-e-Nabwi, he included Abu Bakr’s ‫رضي‬
‫ هللا عنه‬house in the extension. He, however, installed a door in the new western wall of the
masjid that was in line with the original door of Abu Bakr’s ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬house.

•As a result of this whenever Masjid-e-Nabwi was extended in a western direction, this
door was moved westward in line with the original door. This was in obedience to the
instruction of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

•During the first Saudi extension, this door was extended out again. It now consists of
three doors and the southernmost one (the one closest to the Qiblah wall) is in line with
the original door of Abu Bakr’s ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬house.
Pillar of Sareer. In Ramadhan when Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬observed I’tikaf during last ten days, used
to set his sleeping or resting on floor bed with this wall. You can see a window in the wall,
through this Hazrath Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬used to give oil and combed Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬hair. In
Arabic Sareer means bed. From same window Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬watched the prayer when Abu
Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬conducted the prayer.

Tahajjud place with Mihrab, old picture.

Mihrab e Tahajjud is on the back wall of Rowdha e Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬where Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to
offer his Tahajjud prayer. This place is present today but Mihrab has been hidden by fixing
a book shelf in front of Mihrab. Compare old and picture. This raised platform, behind the
Rowdha Mubarak and in line with Bab-e-Jibrael, is the approximate place where the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to spread his prayer mat and perform the Tahajjud Salah from time to
•Isa bin Abdullaah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said, “When visitors used to depart at night, the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
used to spread a mat behind Ali’s ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬hut and used to offer voluntary Salah there.
One day one person saw him offering voluntary Salah at this spot during the month of
Ramadhan. This person also started offering voluntary Salah at this spot. Another person
happened to pass this way and he started his Salah also. A third person followed these
two persons. By and by a large number of people gathered there.
When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬saw many people, he wrapped up his praying mat and went away.
When these people met Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in the morning, they said, ‘We were only trying to
follow you in offering voluntary Salah at night.’
The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, ‘I was concerned about you very much. My concern was that Allaah ‫سبحانه ﷻ‬
‫ و تعالى‬may make the offering of night Salaat during Ramadhan obligatory for you and you may
fail to keep up with it’.”
The area between the Sacred Chamber and the Pulpit (Minbar) is known as the Riadhul
Jannah i.e. Garden of Paradise. It is presently distinguished by a green carpet and is also
referred to as Rawdah.

Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said: “The area between my house and my minbar is one of the gardens (
riyaad, sing. rawdah) of Paradise, and my minbar is on my cistern (hawd)” Narrated by
al-Bukhaari, 1196; Muslim, 1391.

•Scholars have interpreted the above narration as follows: The Garden is parallel to a
garden above it in Paradise. Or it is in reality a garden of paradise, which will be returned
to paradise in the hereafter. [Akhbar Madina tur Rasool, Ibn Najjar].
Mihrab (Prayer niche): The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed for about 16 months facing towards Al-
Quds in Jerusalem on his arrival in Madinah. If one was to walk away from the ‘Aaisha
‫ رضي هللا عنها‬column’, leaving it towards your back, the fifth column will be in line with the
door marked as Bab-e-Jibrael. This fifth column was the approximate praying spot of the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬for the above period. It was near to the extreme north boundary of the original

•After the change in Qiblah, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬offered Salah near Aaisha’s ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬column
for a short period while facing towards the Ka’bah. Later he started leading Salaat at the
spot where the Mihrab Nabwi is nowadays.

Note that there was no mihrab at this spot during the period of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and the
four Caliphs.

•In 91 A.H, Umar bin Abdul Aziz the famous Islamic Khalifa made a praying niche in the
form of a mihrab. Since then it is called Mihrab Nabwi. If you were to stand in the mihrab
for offering Salah, your place of Sajdah will be where Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬feet used to be. The
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬place of Sajdah is intentionally covered by the thick wall of the mihrab during
the period of Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬to avoid disrespect to the praying spot.
Minbar (pulpit): The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to lean against the trunk of a palm tree when he
was tired or exhausted while delivering a sermon. The Ansar humbly suggested to him, “If
you approve, we can make a pulpit for you.” The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬approved it and a pulpit was
made Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬sat on this pulpit to make an address. When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬started using
the new pulpit, the old tree yearned for him like a camel missing its calf. The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
hugged the trunk until it had calmed down and then ordered that a ditch be dug and the
trunk buried decently into it.

•The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to stand on the third rung while delivering his sermons. When Abu
Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬became caliph, he stood on the second rung and Umar bin Khattab ‫رضي‬
‫ هللا عنه‬stood on the first. Caliph Usman bin Affaan‫ رضي هللا عنه‬did as Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬had
done for six years before he returned to the old position of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. Amir
Muawiyyah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬made a pulpit consisting of nine rungs. The leaders started sitting
on the seventh rung. The pulpit has since been kept in this form and the Khateeb has been
sitting on the seventh rung since that time.

•The pulpit has been replaced on many occasions throughout the centuries. The present
pulpit was put up by Sultan Murad in 998 A.H.
Ashabus Suffa Platform: This diagram marks the location, towards the front of the present
Masjid-e-Nabwi, of the platform that housed the Ashab us-Suffah (The People of the
Bench). The platform was originally on the north wall of the masjid and was moved back
when the masjid was extended in 7 A.H.

•The Ashab us-Suffah were companions of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬who, along with the
performance of religious duties, were mostly tradesmen or farmers. Some had, however,
dedicated their lives exclusively for prayer and spiritual discipline in the close company of
the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬

•They neither had wives nor children, and if any were to get married, he would leave the
group. Many of them would go to the jungle in the day to collect wood, which would then
be sold for money to feed themselves and the other members of the ‘suffah’.

•There currently exists a raised platform behind the platform where the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
performed Tahajjud, it is on the right of those entering from Bab-e-Jibrael. This platform
is commonly mistaken to be the platform of the Ashab us-Suffah, it was actually built by
the Turks for the service and custodial personnel of the masjid. This section sits outside
the masjid in the time of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬so could not have been the suffah.

•The precise number of the Ashab us-Suffah is not known, but it is estimated that the
suffah could hold up to three hundred people at any one time, and that roughly seventy
people made up its’ permanent residents. The initial inhabitants of the suffah were
members who had migrated from Makkah and were without any accommodation.

Some of the companions who at one time were members of the Ashab us-Suffah were:

•Abu Huraira ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Abu Dhar al-Ghifari ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Ka’ab ibn Malik ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
•Salman al-Farsi ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Hanzalah bin Abi Amr ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Huzaifah bin Yaman ‫رضي‬
‫• هللا عنه‬Abdullaah bin Mas’ood ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Suhaib bin Sanan Roomi ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Bilal bin
Ribah ‫رضي هللا عنه‬

•The Ashab us-Suffah passed their lives in the service of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. In the morning,
they would listen to his words of wisdom and at night, after sleeping for a while, they
would spend the rest of the time in prayer. Because of their devotion and prayer, many of
the Ashab us-Suffah were very poor and unable to afford clothing. Abu Huraira ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬said, “I saw seventy of Ashab-us-Suffah in such a condition that none of them had
complete dress for himself. Each one of them had one sheet that he tied up with his neck.
Some of them had their sheets reach near their ankles but others’ sheets reached just
below their knees. Each of them used to hold the partition of his sheet with his hand lest
his body is exposed”.

•Most of the companions went for two days in succession without food, so much that
when the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬came into the masjid to lead the congregational prayers, they would
fall down due to weakness. Food given in charity to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was given to them, and
when Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was offered food as a present, he would invite them to share it.

•Often, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬would ask one of his other companions to take some of the Ashab
us-Suffah for supper, and to entertain them as best they could. Sa’d ibn ‘Ubada ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬sometimes entertained as many as eighty men at once.

•Uqbah ibn-e- Amir ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬has said: “Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬came to us while we were sitting on
the ‘Suffah’ and asked if any one of us would like to go to the market of ‘Buthan’ or ‘Aqeeq’
and fetch from there two she-camels of the finest breed without committing any sin or
severing a tie of kinship. We replied that every one of us would love to do so. Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
then said that going to the mosque and reciting or teaching two Ayath are more precious
than two she-camels, three Ayath are more precious than three she-camels, and that
similarly reciting or teaching of four ‘Ayath’ is better than four she-camels and an equal
number of camels.” [Muslim].
House of Abdullaah ibn Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. This window, in the Qiblah wall opposite the
Rowdha Mubarak is where the door of the house of Abdullaah bin Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was
situated. Abdullaah bin Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was the son of the Caliph Umar bin Khattab ‫رضي‬
‫هللا عنه‬.
•Abdullaah bin Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬accepted Islam in his childhood with his father. He was
very particular in following the Sunnah of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, for example offering Salah at
every spot where he happened to see the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬praying. He was eighty-four or
eighty-six years old when he died in 73 A.H. He lived 63 years after Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

•His house was just east of the Mihrab of Masjid-e-Nabwi. Bilal ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬used to call
Adhan (the call to prayer) while standing on a pillar of this house. This was one of the
houses on the south side of the Masjid-e-Nabwi whose doors opened into the masjid.

•It is described in Umdat-ul-Akhbar that when all the houses in the south side of Masjid-
e-Nabwi were removed this house was treated differently. Walls of baked bricks enclosed
the land of this house and a door was installed in one wall. It was written on top of this
door ‘The residence of the family of Umar ‫’رضي هللا عنه‬. Beautiful flowers were planted
inside these four walls. This garden was just in front of the Rowdha Mubarak (where the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬is buried).

•The iron window in the visitors’ gallery for Salam is the site of the door of the house of
the family of Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬This door of this house went through several changes during
the last fourteen hundred years.

•Note that there are two rows of pillars between the Mihrab Usman and Mihrab Nabawi.
Caliph Mehdi bin Mansur Abbasi constructed a covered path from the southern wall of
the masjid up to the first row of pillars during 165 A.H. The family of Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
stopped using the door of their house for entry into the masjid.

As an alternative, an underground tunnel was dug to provide access to the masjid for the
family of Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. This tunnel opened where the second row of pillars is and the
family of Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬used this approach to enter the masjid. The iron window in the
visitors’ gallery, that still exists, replaced the door of their house.

•When the family of Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬passed away one by one, this underground passage
was closed and a lock was put on its door. The door to this tunnel was opened during the
Hajj period for visitors. In due course, the tunnel became very crowded and there was
undesirable intermingling of men and women. Sultan Ashraf Qaitabai closed it for good
during 888 A.H.
This is the approximate place, outside Masjid-e-Nabwi, where the house of the third
Caliph of Islam, Uthman bin Affan ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was located and where he was assassinated.

Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was the son-in-law of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, having been married first to
Ruqayyah ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬and after her death to Umm Kulthum ‫رضي هللا عنها‬.

He had an extremely shy nature. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬once remarked that even the angels feel
shy of Uthman ‫[ رضي هللا عنه‬Muslim].

The politics of Egypt played a major role in the propaganda war against the Caliphate and
the subsequent assassination of Uthman ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. A contingent from Egypt of around
1,000 people were sent to Madinah, with instructions to kill Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and
overthrow the government. As many of the Muslims of Madinah had departed for Makkah
for Hajj, the hands of the rebels were strengthened and the crisis deepened further.

The house of Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was besieged for 40 days by the rebels and throughout
those days Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬would fast during the day and pray Salah during the night.
He was prevented from going to the masjid and for any food or drink to be allowed inside
his house.

On the 40th night, Usman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬saw the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in a dream who said to him, “O
Uthman, the fast you have been keeping for 40 days, tomorrow you open your fast with
us”. When Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬woke up his wife Nailah ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬mentions that he was
in an elated mood. The first thing he did was to go out and say to his guard, “I ask you for
the sake of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, do not shed anyone’s blood on my behalf.”

He then took his Qur’aan and began to recite it. One of the rebels (who had come to
murder him) secretly jumped over the wall of his house and grabbed the beard of Uthman
‫رضي هللا عنه‬. He calmly told the rebel, “Leave my beard because indeed your father used to
honour this beard”. The rebel’s hands collapsed because he remembered not only how his
father had honoured but how the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and everybody else had honoured Uthman
‫رضي هللا عنه‬. When he heard these words, the rebel left.

Two other Egyptian rebels managed to jump over the wall into Usman’s ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬house.
The first thing Usman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬did was to tie his trousers because of his shyness as he
didn’t want his aurah to be exposed in his final moments.

The rebels struck Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬on the head with a piece of iron and blood began to
flow from his head. The first place where the blood fell was on the Qur’aan, and
specifically the verse, “Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬will suffice you (against them)” [8:64].

One of the rebels was then about to strike him with a sword. Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬placed
his hand high to protect himself but his hand was cut off. Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said to the
rebel, “I swear by Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, the hand that you have just cut off, it was the first hand to
write the Qur’aan!”.

They then placed the sword on the stomach of Uthman ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. His wife Nailah ‫رضي‬
‫ هللا عنها‬came running and placed her hand between the sword resulting in her finger being
cut off. They then pierced the stomach of Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and killed him, then one of
the rebels jumped onto his chest and stabbed him 6 times.

The rebels then proceeded to take the body of Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬to the rubbish tip
declaring that no man could bury him. Umme Habibah ‫رضي هللا عنها‬, the wife of the Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬climbed upon the stairs of Masjid-e-Nabwi and announced, “O Rebels know, if you do
not allow us to bury Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬then I, the wife of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬will descend into
the streets of Madinah with my hair uncovered and I will bury Uthman myself!”. She knew
that no rebel would stand in front of the wife of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

Ka’b bin Malik ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬mentions, “I swear by Allaah ‫ﷻ ﷻ‬, if Umme Habibah‫رضي هللا عنها‬
had descended into the streets of Madinah with her hair uncovered then Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬would
have rained rocks from the sky!”

When the rebels heard of this threat from the wife of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬they allowed the
body of Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬to be buried by four people, Hassan, Hussain, Ali and
Muhammad bin Talha ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. When they were taking the body of Uthman ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬to be buried the rebels began to throw rocks at the body. Amrita bin Arta ‫رضي هللا عنها‬
swears, “By Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, each one of these rebels died a terrible death”. ‫ﷻ‬
The ill consequences of the death of Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was such that Hassan ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
mentions, “I saw my grandfather, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in a dream and he was standing by the
throne of Allaah ‫ سبحانه و تعالى ﷻ‬and this was the first time I ever saw him in a dream looking
worried. And then Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came behind him and he placed his hand on the
shoulder of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and then Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came behind him and he placed his
hand upon the shoulder of Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and this was the day Uthman ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
passed away. And shortly after this Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came and his face was full of blood
and his head was in his hands and he said: “O Messenger of Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, ask these people for
what sin did they butcher me like a cow?””. Hassan ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬further says, “When
Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said this, the throne of Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬began to shake and two streams of
blood came down from the throne.”

Uthman ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was a man about whom the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, “Each and every Prophet
will have a companion in Jannah (Paradise) and my companion will be Uthman bin Affaan”.

Houses along the Qiblah wall. This area along the present Qiblah wall (with Bab-e-Salam
in the background) is where the houses of Ja’far ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Abbas ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Naufal bin
Haris ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, and Ammar bin Yasir ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬were located at the time of the Prophet
Major Pillars of Holy Mosque: Major pillars of Masjid-e-Nabwi diagram above is a plan
view of the front part of Masjid Nabwi and identifies pillars (ustuwaanah) where a
significant event or act occurred (the pillars themselves are not important). Note that the
position of these pillars was the same as in the time of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

1. Ustuwaanah Hannanah (the weeping pillar): This is also called the Ustuwaanah
Mukhallaq. This is the most blessed of the pillars for this was the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬place of Salah.
On this spot there once used to grow a date palm tree. Before the advent of the minbar,
the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to lean on it while delivering the Khutbah (sermon). When the minbar
was made the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used it for the Khutbah. It so happened when the change took
place, such a bitter sound of weeping was heard from the tree that the whole masjid
echoed; and those in the masjid started weeping. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬then said: “The tree cries
because the zikr of Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬was near it, and now that the minbar is built it has been
deprived of this zikr in its immediate vicinity. If I did not place my hand on it, it would have
cried thus till the Day of Qiyamah.” Afterwards the tree dried up and was buried.

2. Ustuwaanah Sareer: ‘Sareer’ means sleeping place. It is reported that the Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬used to make i’tikaaf here also, and used to sleep here while in i’tikaaf. A platform of
wood used to be put here for him to sleep on.

3. Ustuwaanah Tawbah Also known as Ustuwaanah Abu Lubabah. Abu Lubabah ‫رضي‬
‫ هللا عنه‬was one of the famous Sahaba. Before Islam, he had much dealings with the Jews
of Banu Quraizah. When they acted treacherously during the Battle of the Trench and
were taken captive he told them that they were to be killed by making a sign across his
throat. After having done that he become so grieved at this indiscretion that he could not
rest. He entered the masjid at this spot where a date-tree used to stand. He bound himself
to the trunk saying: “As long as my repentance is not accepted by Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, I shall not untie
myself from here. And the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬himself must undo my bonds.” When the Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬heard this, he said: “If he had come to me I would have begged forgiveness on his behalf.
Now he had acted on his own initiative, I cannot untie him until his repentance has been

For many days, he remained tied there, except for Salah and the call of nature. At such
times, his wife and daughter used to untie him and then again tied him to the tree. He
remained without food and drink as a result of which his sight and hearing were affected.
Then after a few days one morning while the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was in tahajjud prayer in the
house of Umme Salamah ‫رضي هللا عنها‬, he received the good news that his Tawbah had
been accepted. The Sahabah ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنهم‬conveyed the news to him, and wanted to
untie him but he refused, saying: “As long as the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬does not untie me with his
blessed hands, I shall not allow anyone else to do so.” When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬entered for
Fajr Salah he untied him.

4. Ustuwaanah Aa’isha ‫رضي هللا عنها‬: The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to say his prayers here and
afterwards moved to the place at Ustuwaanah Hannanah. It is also called the Ustuwaanah
Qu’rah. The reason for this is that Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬reports that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said: “In
this masjid is one such spot that if people knew the true blessed nature thereof, they
would flock towards it in such in a manner to pray there they would have to cast such lots
(i.e. Qu’rah).”

People asked her to point out the exact spot which she refused to do. Later on, at the
persistence of Abdullaah bin Zubair ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬she pointed to this spot. Hence it is called
Ustuwaanah Aaisha, because the Hadith is reported by her and the exact spot was shown
by her. It is a fact that Abu Bakr and Umar‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰ عنهم‬very often used to pray here.

5. Ustuwaanah Ali ‫رضي هللا عنه‬ Also known as Ustuwaanah Mah’ras or Hars. ‘Hars’
means to watch or protect. This used to be the place where some of the Sahaba (may
Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬be pleased with them) used to sit when keeping watch or acting as gatekeepers.
Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬used to be the one who mostly acted as such, for which it is often called
Ustuwaanah Ali ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. When the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬entered the masjid from the door of
Aisha’s ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬room, he passed this spot.

6. Ustuwaanah Wufood ‘Wufood’ means delegations. Whenever deputations arrived

to meet the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬on behalf of their tribes, they were seated here and here he used
to meet them, conversed with them and taught them Islam.

7. Ustuwaanah Jibraeel This was the usual place where Jibrael ‫ عليه السالم‬used to enter
to visit the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. Today it cannot be seen as it lies inside the Sacred Chamber of the
Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.
8. Ustuwaanah Tahajjud It is reported that this was the spot where late at night a
carpet was spread for the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬to perform tahajjud prayer, after all the people had

Inside Rowdha Sharief: Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 23 :: Hadith 473. Narrated Abu Bakr
bin 'Aiyash : Sufyan At-Tammar told me that he had seen the grave of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
elevated and convex.
Bed of Fathima ‫رضي هللا عنها‬

Rowdha diagram:
The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was buried in the house of Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬in whose house he was staying
at the time of his death. The wives of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬lived in small, simple huts adjacent to the
masjid. Each hut consisted of a room which was approximately 5m x 4m with a small backyard
and were made of unbaked bricks of mud with branches of palm tree as a roof covering.

On the left side of the hut of Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬was the hut of Sauda ‫رضي هللا عنها‬, the second
wife of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. The hut of Hafsa ‫رضي هللا عنها‬, another wife of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and the
daughter of Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was on the opposite side. There used to be a very narrow street
between their houses, just enough for one person to walk through. Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬and
Hafsa ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬used to converse with each other while sitting in their own huts. Part of the
hut of Hafsa ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬was located inside the present Sacred Chamber and part of it is where
visitors stand for salutation to the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

In 91 A.H Umar bin Abdul Aziz ‫رحمه هللا‬built five cornered walls so that nobody may enter
inside the Sacred Chamber. After several plots were uncovered to steal the body of the
Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬by digging underneath the graves, the Sultan Nurruddin Zengi had a trench built
around the chamber which was filled with molten lead.

Death and burial of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬In Muharram 11 AH the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬developed a
temperature which kept getting higher and he became increasingly ill day by day. He sought
permission from his wives to stay in the room of Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬which they readily
acceded to. On Monday, 12 Rabi al-Awwal, he came out with a bandage tied around his head.
Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was leading the Salah and moved backwards but the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
motioned him to complete the prayer.

Among the last advice the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬gave out was the importance of prayer and the just
treatment of slaves and servants. In closing he said: “I leave with you two things. As long as
you hold them tightly, you will never go astray; they are the Book of Allaah ‫( ﷻ‬the Qur’aan)
and my Sunnah.”

The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬grew weaker and eventually passed away on the afternoon of Monday, 12
Rabiul-Awwal, 11 A.H (633 CE).

The companions offered funeral prayers individually, without an Imam. The people said: “Bury
him near the pulpit.” Others said, “Bury him in Baqi”. Then Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬came and said,
“I heard the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬saying: ‘A Prophet was never buried except at the place where he
died’.” Thus, a grave was dug under the bed in the room and whilst they were bathing him
they intended to remove his shirt and a voice was heard, “Do not remove the shirt.” He was
then bathed with his shirt. [Muwatta Malik]

Death and burial of Abu Bakr ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. Caliph Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬left a will with his
daughter Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬to bury him by the side of the Prophet ‫صلى هللا عليه وآﻟه وصحبه‬
‫وسلم‬. He died in Jamad al-Ukhra in 13 A.H at the age of 63, the same age as the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
at the time of his death. During his fifteen days of illness Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬led the Salah.
Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬had been Caliph for around two and a half years.
Death and burial of Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. Caliph Umar bin Al-Khattab ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬was stabbed by
a Christian slave named Firoz (also known as Abu Lulu) who then committed suicide. Shortly
before his death he said to his son, Abdullaah: “Go to the mother of the believers, Aa’isha
‫ رضي هللا عنها‬and say, ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab sends his greetings to you,’ and request her to allow
me to be buried with my two companions.” Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬said, “I had the idea of having
this place for myself but today I will give preference to him over myself.” When he returned,
he said: “She has allowed you (to be buried there).” On that Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said: “Nothing
was more important to me than to be buried in that (sacred) place.” He died on Muharram 1,
24 A.H, his tenure as Caliph lasted ten and a half years. Suhaib ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬led his funeral
prayer. After the burial of Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬in the Sacred Chamber, Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬put a
partition between the area occupied by the graves and the rest of the room as Umar ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬was not mahram to her.

There is a spot for a fourth grave in the Sacred Chamber where Esa ‫[ عليه السالم‬Jesus] will
eventually be buried. Tirmidhi has mentioned as narrated by Abdullaah bin Salam ‫رضي هللا عنه‬
“The characteristics of Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬are described in Old Testament and it is also mentioned
there that Esa ‫ عليه السالم‬will be buried with him.”
Original praying spot of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬

Yazeed ibn Abi ‘Ubayd ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said: “I used to come with Salamah ibn al-Akwa’ and he
would pray by the pillar which was by the mus-haf, i.e. in the Rawdah. I said, ‘O Abu Muslim,
I see that you are keen to pray by this pillar!’ He said, ‘I saw that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was keen to
pray here.’” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 502; Muslim, 509.

This pillar, the fifth one down from the ‘Aa’isha’ pillar and in line with Bab-e-Jibrael is the
approximate spot where the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬led Salaat in Madinah when the Qiblah was still
towards Jerusalem and at the opposite direction of Makkah.
This above door, on the eastern side of the Rawdah Mubarak marks the place where the door
of the house of Ali ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and his wife Fatima ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬was located. Fatima ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنها‬was the youngest and most beloved daughter of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.


‫رضي هللا عنه‬

Garden of Abu Talha (Bir Ha). The highlighted area, which is in the rear of Masjid-e-Nabwi is
the approximate spot where existed a garden at the time of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬that was owned
by Abu Talha ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬often visited this garden and drank the water from
its well.
•It has been reported by Anas ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬that Abu Talha ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬owned the best gardens
in Madinah, and they were more numerous than those of any other Ansari. One of his gardens
was known by the name of Bir Ha, and this was his most favourite resort. It was close to the
Prophet’s Masjid and the water of its well was sweet and abundant. When Allaah ‫سبحانه و ﷻ‬
‫ تعالى‬revealed the verse of the Qur’aan:

“You will not attain unto piety until you spend of that which Ye love.” [3: 92]

Abu Talha ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬presented himself to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and opened his heart, “O, Prophet
of Allaah ‫ !ﷻ‬I love Bir Ha very much. As Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬wants us to spend precisely that which we
love, I make over that garden to be spent in the path of Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬as you please.”

The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was very much pleased, and remarked: “What a fine present (to Allaah ‫ !)ﷻ‬I
think it would be best utilized if you distribute it among your own heirs.” Abu Talha ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬went and acted upon the Prophet’s advice.

Doors on Easter Side: This is a view of the eastern wall of Masjid-e-Nabwi showing current
prominent doors, some of which were used at the time of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.

1. Bab-e-Baqi (Door of Baqi):

This door was installed in 1408 AH and is exactly opposite to Bab-e-Salam which is on the
western side. This door is to facilitate the flow of people leaving the masjid after giving
salutation to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and his two companions.
2. Funeral place:

The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to lead Salat-ul-Janaza at this site and the Sahaba continued this
tradition. Abu Saeed Khudri ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬described how and when this place was used for
funeral services:

“In the very beginning we used to inform the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬when someone was near death.
The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to visit the ailing person and made supplication for his forgiveness.
Many times, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬stayed there till the completion of the funeral services. In this
way, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬had to wait there for a very long time at each such occasion. We,
therefore, decided to take the body of the deceased person near the Hujrat (houses of the
wives of the Prophet) so that the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬can lead the Salah more easily. The Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬started offering Salat-ul-Janaza in the area described above.”

The Turks built an enclosure around the funeral courtyard which used to be open to
worshippers. Recently however, it is used as a storage space for materials needed in

3. Bab-e-Jibraeel (Door of Jibrael):

This door is also called Bab-un-Nabi since the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬used to enter the masjid through
this door. Jibrael ‫ عليه السالم‬came to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬after the battle of Ahzab (the battle of
the Confederates and also known as the battle of the Trench), and talked to the Prophet
‫ ﷺ‬at the door step of Bab-e-Jibrael. It is mentioned in Bukhari as narrated by Aa’isha ‫رضي‬
‫هللا عنها‬, “After the battle of Ahzab, the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬disarmed himself and took a bath. In the
meanwhile, Jibrael ‫ عليه السالم‬came riding a pony and talked to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬near the door
step of of Bab-e-Jibrael. Jibrael ‫ عليه السالم‬said to the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, ‘You have put away your
arms but we (the angels) are still in battle uniforms. So, you should come with us to attack
the tribe of Banu Quraizah’.” Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬added, “I was looking at Jibrael ‫عليه السالم‬
through the cracks in the door of my hut. Jibrael (upon him be peace) was covered with

4. Bab-un-Nisa (Door of the Women)

Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬expanded the masjid during 17 A.H. He built this door at the end of
eastern wall of the mosque. Women used to enter the masjid from this door and offered
their Salah in the last rows and thus were able to avoid contact with men. Abu Dawud
mentioned that Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬said, “We should let the ladies use this door exclusively.”
The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said, “On the day of Qiyaamah my grave shall be opened first and I shall
step forth. Then shall Abu Bakr ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬step forth and then Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. Then shall
I proceed to Baqi and take all its inmates with me. Then shall we await the inmates of the
graveyard of Makkah, who shall meet me halfway between Makkah and Madinah.”
It is virtuous to visit Jannatul Baqi (preferably on a Friday) and supplicate to Allaah ‫( ﷻ‬swt)
for all those buried in its noble earth. On April 21, 1925, mausoleums, domes and
structures in Jannatul Baqi were demolished by the order of King Abdul Aziz Al Saud.
Above Photo: Graves of Fathima al Zahra ‫[ رضي هللا عنها‬the last] and according to few
narrations it belongs to Fatima bin Asad ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Imam Ja’far Sadiq ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Imam
Zainul Abdeen ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, Imam Baqir‫ رضي هللا عنه‬and Imam Hassan ‫)رضي هللا عنه‬. And
Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬the first one.
Buried there are many members of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬close family, around ten thousand of
his companions (Sahabah) and many prominent, pious personalities.
•Aa’isha ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬reported (that whenever it was her turn for the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬to spend
the night with her) he would go out towards the end of the night to al-Baqi and say: “Peace
be upon you, abode of a people who are believers. What you were promised would come
to you tomorrow, you receiving it after some delay; and God willing we shall join you. O
Allaah ‫ﷻ‬, grant forgiveness to the inhabitants of Baqi al-Gharqad.” [Muslim].
•Baqi means the land in which the roots of different trees are embedded, Gharqad is the
name of a thorny tree which were abundant in Baqi. Hence the cemetery also came to be
known as Baqi al-Gharqad.
•The first person to be buried in al-Baqi was As’ad Bin Zararah ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, an Ansari
companion who died soon after the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬migration to Madinah. The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
chose the spot to be a cemetery. The first of the Muhajirun (Emigrants) to be buried there
was Uthman bin Mazoun who died shortly after the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬returned from the battle
of Badr.
Some of the blessed personalities resting in Jannatul Baqi are:

•The wives of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, also known as the Mothers of the Believers including Aa’isha ‫رضي‬
‫هللا عنها‬, Hafsa bint Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬and Sauda ‫رضي هللا عنها‬. The two wives that are not buried
here are Khadijah bint Khuwaylid ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬who is buried in Makkah and Maymuna bint al-
Harith ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬who is buried in Sarif. May Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬be pleased with them.

•The daughters of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, Fatima‫رضي هللا عنها‬, Ruqayyah‫رضي هللا عنها‬, Zainab ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنها‬and Umme Kulthum ‫رضي هللا عنها‬
•Ibrahim ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, the infant son of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬by Maria al-Qibtiyya ‫• رضي هللا عنها‬Hassan
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬the grandson of the Prophet ‫• ﷺ‬Abbas ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, the uncle of the Prophet ‫• ﷺ‬The
aunts of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, Safiyyah ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬and Aatikah ‫• رضي هللا عنها‬Uthman ‫رضي هللا عنه‬,
the third Caliph and son-in-law of the Prophet ‫• ﷺ‬Haleemah Sa’diya, the wet-nurse of the
Prophet ‫• ﷺ‬Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Abdur-Rehman bin Auf ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Abdullaah
bin Mas’ood ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Abu Saeed Khudri ‫• رضي هللا عنه‬Imam Malik (may Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬be pleased
with him)

•During different times of history many domes and structures were built or rebuilt over many
famous graves in Al-Baqi in order to identify the inhabitants. On April 21, 1925, mausoleums,
domes and structures in Jannatul Baqi were demolished by the order of King Abdul Aziz Al Saud.

Jannatul Baqee old photo: Imam Jafar Sadiq, Imam Zainul Abdeen, Imam Baqir, Imam
Hassan bin Ali, Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, and Fathima al Zohra ‫ رضي هللا عنها‬inside the
Hazrath Fathima ‫ رضي هللا ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽٰعنهﺎ‬and her family members in Jannatul Baqee. OLD PHOTO.

Palace of Urwah is a tourist attraction holding historical significance. It is located in the way from
Madinah to Dhul Khulaifah (Abyar Ali) around 3.5 kilometer of Masjid al Nabawi.

As per historians, Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬gifted a piece of land to Bilal bin Harith ‫رضي هللا عنه‬to do cultivation.
Later during khilafah of Ameerul Momineen Umar bin Khattab ‫رضي هللا عنه‬, he summoned Bilal
and told him to cultivate in that land what he could and the rest shall be distributed to other
people. Accordingly, portion of that land which Bilal could not develop was sold to Khawwat bin
Jubair al Ansari ‫رضي هللا عنه‬.

Later in 41 Hijri Urwah ‫رضي هللا عنه‬purchased piece of that land from Khawwat ‫رضي هللا عنه‬. He
cultivated in it, dug a well and constructed a big house in it. The house is still intact after almost
fourteen centuries passed.

Urwah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬Is son of Zubair bin Awwam and Asmaa binth Abubacker ‫رضي هللا عنهم اجمعين‬.
He used to learn from his Aunt, Ummul Momineen Aa’isha al Siddiqah ‫رضي هللا عنها‬teachings of
our beloved Prophet ‫ﷺ‬

Once Urwah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬invited Aa’isha ‫رضي هللا عنها‬to this house and arranged a feast with some
fine quality bread. Aa’isha ‫رضي هللا عنها‬wept seeing it and told that, during her life with the leader
of all creatures Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬never tasted such quality bread. Subhana Allaah ‫…ﷻ‬

What a simple life you led oh Rasoolullaah ‫ !ﷺ‬Mountains were ready to present to You by
transforming themselves as gold but You refused and opted a super simple lifestyle! Allaahumma
Salli wa Sallim wa Barik Alika ya Sayyidee ya Qurratha Ainee ya Rasoolullaah

(‫)اللهم صل و سلم و بارك عليك يا سيدي يا قرة عيني يا رسول هللا‬.

Wadi Aqeeq in Madinah.

Saheeh Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 39, Number 529: Narrated by ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar
‫رضي هللا عنه‬While the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was passing the night at his place of rest in Dhul-Hulaifa
in the bottom of the valley (of Aqeeq), he saw a dream and it was said to him, “You are in
a blessed valley.” Musa said, “Salim let our camels kneel at the place where ‘Abdullaah
‫ رضي هللا عنه‬used to make his camel kneel, seeking the place where Allaah ‫’ﷻ‬s Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
used to take a rest, which is situated below the mosque which is in the bottom of the
valley; it is midway between the mosque and the road.”

Saheeh Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 39, Number 530:

Narrated by ‘Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬While the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬was in Al- ‘Aqeeq he said, “Someone
(meaning Gabriel) came to me from my Lord tonight (in my dream) and said, ‘Offer the
prayer in this blessed valley and say (I intend to perform) Umrah along with Hajj
(together).’ “

Be'r-al-Mushairib: For Ghazwah Zul Ushairah, Seerat Ibn-e-Hisham quotes: Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
took the route from Naqab Bani Dinaar, then he reached a place called "Faifaa'-al-
Khubaar" & rested under a tree & prayed. Food was served for Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and he & the
Sahabah ate; & the exact area where they fired the pot over the rocks was known &
remembered by people. Then they reached a well & Khairu Khalqillaah ‫ ﷺ‬drank its water.
Ma Shaa ‘Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬the well is still running & it is full of water. Picture of the well is
attached. Be'r-al-Mushairib (also called Wahoob).

Here Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed here at the spot of well. And Ubaidah bin Harith Sahabi ‫رضي هللا‬
‫ عنه‬died and buried here at the nearby graveyard, when he was injured at Badr war.

Masjid Munsarif on the way to Badr. Here Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬prayed here.

Jabl Ayr (Mount Ayr) is the second largest mountain in Madinah after Uhud and marks
the southern boundary of Madinah. The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬described it as a mountain of Hell.

• The Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬declared, “Uhud is a mountain which loves us and which we love, it is
upon the Gate of Heaven” adding, “And Ayr is a place which hates us and which we
hate, it is upon the Gate of Hell.”

• ‘Ayr’ means a ‘wild ass’, whereas Uhud is derived from Ahad, meaning ‘one’, — so
called because it is fated to be the place of victory to those who worship one God. The
very names, say Muslim sages, make it abundantly evident that even as the men of Al-
Madinah were of two parties, friendly and hostile to the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah ‫ ﷻ‬be on him), so were these mountains.

mentioned/displayed in this file) SITES AS SACRED? This question was a blow, for which
an answer is not necessary.

And others asked that why you visit those sites as an intended journey? A simple answer
is that you cannot be wiser, than the famous Sahabi Abdullaah bin Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬son
of Ameerul Momineen Umar bin Khattab ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬2nd Khalifa, who loves to go those
places, stop at the sacred lands which had a beautiful NISBAT with Khairu Khalqillaah ‫ﷺ‬

Will any one dare to ask same question to Abdullaah ibn Umar ‫رضي هللا عنه‬.
Many Hajis (Arabs and others) after Hajj ceremony are not willing to go Madinah
Munawwarah, because they are not welcomed by our Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. Only Aashiq e Rasool ‫ﷺ‬
will visit Madinah Munawwarah.

Abdullaah ibn Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬would observe and scrutinize closely every saying and
action of the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in various situations and, he would practice what he observed
closely and with devotion. For example, if Abdullaah ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬saw the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬
performing Salaat in a particular place, he would later pray in the same place. If he saw
the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬making a supplication while standing, he would also make a du’aa while
standing. If he saw him making a du’aa while sitting, he would do the same. On a journey
if he saw the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬descend from his camel at a particular place and pray two rak’ats,
and he had occasion to pass on the same route, he would stop at the same place and pray
two rak’ats. In a particular place in Makkah, he once observed the Prophet's ‫ ﷺ‬camel
making two complete turns before he dismounted and prayed two rak’ats. It might be that
the camel did that involuntarily but Abdullaah ibn Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬when he happened to
be in the same place at another time, made his camel complete two turns before making
it kneel and dismounting. He then prayed two Rakahs in precisely the same manner as he
had seen the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬do.

He was eighteen years old at the end Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬in 632 A.H. He would practice step by
step what he observed closely and with devotion of Prophet ‫ﷺ‬. Aa’isha ‫رضي هللا عنها‬,
noticed devotion of Abdullaah ibn Umar ‫ رضي هللا عنه‬to the Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬and remarked:
"There was no one who followed the footsteps of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬, in the places where he
alighted as did Ibn Umar."




"Allaah intends only to remove from you the impurity, O people of the [Prophet's] household,
and to purify you with [extensive] purification"- Surah Al-Ahzab [33:33].

The verse "Verily Allaah intends to ... (33:33)" was revealed to Muhammad in the house of Umm
Salama. Upon that, he ‫ ﷺ‬gathered Fatimah, Hassan, Hussain, and covered them with a cloak,
and he also covered Ali who was behind him. Then he ‫ ﷺ‬said: "O' Allaah! These are the
Members of my House (Ahlul-Bayt). Keep them away from every impurity and purify them with a
perfect purification." Umm Salama (his wife) asked: "Am I also included among them O Apostle
of Allaah?" Muhammad ‫ ﷺ‬replied: "You remain in your position and you are toward a good
ending." Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, pp 351,663
“I ‫ ﷺ‬am leaving among you two thing which is very important and should be followed, you will
not go astray if you get hold of it after I am gone, one part of it being more important than the
other: Allaah's Book, which is a rope stretched from Heaven to Earth, and the second part is my
close relatives, who belong to my household. These two will not separate from one another till
they come down to the reservoir (Kausar), so consider how you act regarding them after my
departure." Sahih Muslim 39, 5923.

This was the train carried the relics of our Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬such as Swords, blessed hairs,
Bowls and clothing to Turkey and being kept in Topkopi Museum Istanbul.