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Present Perfect Simple   Past Simple Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue
Present Perfect Simple   Past Simple Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue

Present Perfect Simple

 

Past Simple

Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the

Finished actions:

present:

 

I've known Julie for ten years (and I still know her).

knew Julie for ten years (but then she moved away and we lost touch).

I

A

finished action in someone's

 

life (when the person is still alive:

life experience):

A

the person is dead):

finished action in someone's life (when

My brother has been to Mexico three times.

My great-grandmother went to Mexico three times.

A

finished action with a result in

A

finished action with no result in the

the present:

 

present:

I've lost my keys! (The result is that I can't get into my house now).

lost my keys yesterday. It was terrible! (Now there is no result. I got new keys yesterday).

I

With an unfinished time word (this week, this month, today):

With a finished time word (last week, last month, yesterday):

I've seen John this week.

 

I

saw John last week.

Remember:

1. We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present.

2. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present.

3. We CAN'T use the present perfect with a finished time word:

Signal Words

Simple Past

Present Perfect Simple

yesterday ago in 1990 the other day last

just already up to now until now / till now ever (not) yet so far lately / recently

Positive Sentences

EXERCISES

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

the lottery last year.

past or present perfect simple). the lottery last year. dinner 1. Mary (win) 2. We (prepare
past or present perfect simple). the lottery last year. dinner 1. Mary (win) 2. We (prepare

dinner

1. Mary (win)

2. We (prepare / already)

3. James (find)

4. He (come / just)

5. They (buy)

your ring in the garden yesterday.

home.

5. They (buy) your ring in the garden yesterday. home. their car two years ago. Negative

their car two years ago.

Negative Sentences

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). 1. 2. Phil (go / not) 3.

1.

2. Phil (go / not)

3. We (be / not)

4. She (arrive / not)

5. Emily (visit / not)

I (see / not)

anyone yet.

to the cinema last night.

to the zoo so far.

/ not) 5. Emily (visit / not) I (see / not) anyone yet. to the cinema
/ not) 5. Emily (visit / not) I (see / not) anyone yet. to the cinema

yet. me last week.

Questions

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). 1. 2. How many letters (they /

1.

2. How many letters (they / write)

3. When (he / tell)

4. (you / be)

5. How often (you / travel)

(you / read)

the book yet?

be) 5. How often (you / travel) (you / read) the book yet? you that? so

you that?

so far?

(you / travel) (you / read) the book yet? you that? so far? at home last
(you / travel) (you / read) the book yet? you that? so far? at home last

at home last night?

/ read) the book yet? you that? so far? at home last night? abroad till now?

abroad till now?

CONVERSATION

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. A: (you / taste / ever)

2. B: Yes, I (eat)

3. A: When (you / eat)

4. B: I (eat) He (invite)

5. A: (you / like)

6. B: Absolutely. In fact, it (be)

sushi?

sushi

at least five times so far.

sushi

for the first time?

sushi for the first time on my dad's 50th birthday. the whole family to a Japanese restaurant.

it?

so

good that we (be)

to

that restaurant three times yet. And on my mum's birthday,

we (order)

some

sushi and (have)

it at home.