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Jusuf Kalla

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Jusuf Kalla

10th and 12th Vice President of Indonesia

Assumed office
20 October 2014
President Joko Widodo
Preceded by Boediono
In office
20 October 2004 – 20 October 2009
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Preceded by Hamzah Haz
Succeeded by Boediono
Leader of Golkar
In office
9 October 2004 – 9 October 2009
Preceded by Akbar Tandjung
Succeeded by Aburizal Bakrie
Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare
In office
9 August 2001 – 22 April 2004
President Megawati Soekarnoputri
Preceded by Basri Hasanuddin
Succeeded by Abdul Malik Fadjar
(ad interim)
Minister of Trade and Industry
In office
26 October 1999 – 24 August 2000
President Abdurahman Wahid
Preceded by Rahardi Ramelan
Succeeded by Luhut Binsar Panjaitan
Personal details
Muhammad Jusuf Kalla
15 May 1942 (age 76)
Watampone, South Sulawesi,
Japanese-occupied East Indies
Nationality Indonesian
Golkar Party
Spouse(s) Mufidah Miad Saad
Muchlisa Kalla
Muswira Kalla
Children Imelda Kalla
Solichin Kalla
Chaerani Kalla
Hasanuddin University (Drs.)
University of Malaya (Dr.h.c.)
Sōka University (Dr.h.c.)
Alma mater Indonesia University of Education
Hasanuddin University (Dr.h.c.)
Syiah Kuala University (Dr.h.c.)
University of Brawijaya (Dr.h.c.)
University of Indonesia (Dr.h.c.)
Profession Businessman

Muhammad Jusuf Kalla ( listen (help·info); born 15 May 1942) is an Indonesian politician
who has been Vice President of Indonesia since 2014, having previously served from 2004 to
2009. He was unsuccessful as Golkar's presidential candidate in the 2009 presidential
election. Since 2009 Kalla has served as the Chairman of the Indonesian Red Cross Society.[1]
Before Kalla declared himself as the running mate for Joko Widodo in the 2014 presidential
election, a 2012 poll placed his popularity among likely voters in the top three contenders for
the presidency[2] and ahead of his own party's nominee Aburizal Bakrie.[3] He is the first
person to hold two non-consecutive terms as Vice President of Indonesia.

 1 Early life
 2 Businessman
 3 Affiliations
 4 Political career
o 4.1 Member of the People's Consultative Assembly
o 4.2 Wahid and Megawati Presidency
o 4.3 Road to Vice Presidency
o 4.4 First term of Vice Presidency
o 4.5 Presidential elections 2014
o 4.6 Jokowi's running mate
o 4.7 Second term of Vice Presidency
 5 Personal life
 6 See also
 7 References
 8 External links

Early life
Jusuf Kalla was born on 15 May 1942 in Watampone, the capital of the Bone Regency in
South Sulawesi. His parents were Hadji Kalla, a local businessman and Athirah, a woman
who sold Buginese silk for a living.[4] He was the second of 10 children.

After completing school, Kalla attended Hasanuddin University in Makassar. At university he

became active in the Indonesian Student Action Front (KAMI), a student organization which
supported General Suharto in his bid to gain power from president Sukarno. Kalla was
elected as chair of South Sulawesi branch of KAMI.[4] He showed interest in a political
career, becoming a member of the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD) and
chairman of the Youth Division of Golkar when it was still organised under a Joint
Secretariat (Sekretariat Bersama or Sekber) format.

In 1967 Kalla graduated from the Economics Faculty at Hasanuddin University. The
economic situation was bleak at the time and his father, Hadji Kalla, considered shutting
down the family business, NV Hadji Kalla. Instead, Kalla decided to take over the firm.
Putting aside his political activities, in 1968 Kalla became CEO of NV Hadji Kalla while his
father became chairman. In the beginning the business only had one employee and business
was slow. Kalla's mother assisted by trading silk and running a small transportation business
with three buses.[4] Over time the business grew and became quite successful. NV Hadji Kalla
expanded from the export-import trading business into other sectors (hotels, infrastructure
construction, car dealerships, aerobridges, shipping, real estate, transportation, a shrimp farm,
oil palm, and telecommunications).[4] In addition to being CEO of NV Hadji Kalla, Kalla was
also CEO of various subsidiaries of the firm. In 1977, Kalla graduated from INSEAD, an
international business school in Fontainebleau, south of Paris. "NV Hadji Kalla" is now
known as the Kalla Group and is one of the leading business groups in Indonesia, especially
in Eastern Indonesia.

Aside from his business career, Kalla has been active in numerous well-known organizations.
From 1979 to 1989, he was chairman of the Indonesian Economics Graduates Association
(ISEI) in Makassar (known as Ujung Pandang at the time) and continues to be an adviser for
ISEI. Kalla was extensively involved with the Chamber of Commerce and Industry
(KADIN). From 1985 to 1998 he was chairman for KADIN in South Sulawesi and was
coordinator for KADIN in eastern Indonesia.[4] In addition, Kalla is on the board of trustees
for three universities in Makassar. Kalla has contributed socially by building the Al Markaz
Mosque and becoming chairman of its Islamic centre.

Kalla is seen in The Act of Killing film praising Pancasila Youth and encouraging them to
commit violence.[5]

Political career
Member of the People's Consultative Assembly

Kalla returned to active politics in 1987 when he was appointed to the People's Consultative
Assembly (MPR) as a regional representative for South Sulawesi. He was re-appointed to the
MPR in 1992, 1997, and 1999.[6]

Wahid and Megawati Presidency

When Kyai Haji Abdurrahman Wahid (often known as Gus Dur) was elected as President by
the MPR in 1999, Kalla was included in the cabinet and became Minister of Industry and
Trade. He had only been a minister for six months when in April 2000 Wahid removed him
along with the Minister of State-Owned Enterprises. Wahid accused both Kalla and minister
Laksamana of corruption, although he never produced evidence to support the charge,[7] and
Kalla denied the allegations.[8]

In July 2001, at a special session of the MPR, President Gus Dur was dismissed from office.
Vice President Megawati Sukarnoputri took over the presidency and included Kalla in her
cabinet, appointing him to the senior post of Coordinating Minister of People's Welfare.
Although it was not part of his ministerial brief, Kalla helped solve the inter-religious conflict
in Poso on his native island of Sulawesi. Kalla facilitated the negotiation which resulted in
the signing of the Malino II Accord on 20 December 2001[9] and an end to the conflict which
had gone on for three years. Two months later, Kalla helped solve another conflict in
Sulawesi. On 12 February 2002, Kalla, together with Coordinating Minister of Politics and
Society Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, managed to solve a similar conflict on Ambon and
Molucca through a second Malino Declaration.[10]

Road to Vice Presidency

Now a popular figure for assisting with the peace process in Sulawesi, Kalla considered
putting himself forward as a candidate in the 2004 presidential elections. In August 2003 he
announced his candidacy and enlisted as a participant in Golkar's 2004 Convention which
would choose the Golkar candidate for president.[11] As the months went by, however, Kalla
came to be seen more as a vice presidential candidate. He was expected to partner a Javanese
presidential candidate and his non-Javanese background was seen as a means of attracting
non-Javanese votes which a Javanese candidate might have trouble getting.[12]
Just days before the Golkar national convention, Kalla decided to withdraw from running
under the Golkar banner. Rather, he accepted the offer from the Democratic Party's (PD)
Yudhoyono to become his running mate.[13] The pair also received the support of the Crescent
Star Party (PBB), the Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKPI), and Reform Star Party

On 5 July 2004 the presidential election was held. Yudhoyono and Kalla won the popular
vote with 33% of the votes but 50% of votes is required for election as president and vice
president so a run-off was required. Yudhoyono and Megawati proceeded to the second
election round held later in the year.

In the second ground Yudhoyono faced a considerable challenge from Megawati who formed
a national coalition consisting of her own Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle (PDI-P)
along with Golkar, the United Development Party, the Prosperous Peace Party (PDS), and the
Indonesian National Party (PNI). Whilst Yudhoyono consolidated political support from
other parties, Kalla turned to Golkar for support. Led by Fahmi Idris and ignoring the party
line, pro-Kalla elements in Golkar declared their support for Kalla and Yudhoyono.[14] On 20
September 2004 Yudhoyono and Kalla won the run-off with 60.1% of the vote.

First term of Vice Presidency

Although he had overwhelmingly won the Presidency, Yudhoyono was still weak in the
People's Representative Council (DPR). PD with all of its coalition partners were still too
weak to contend with the legislative muscles of Golkar and PDI-P who now intended to play
the role of opposition.

With a National Congress to be held in December 2004, Yudhoyono and Kalla had originally
backed head of DPR Agung Laksono to become Golkar Chairman. When Agung was
perceived to be too weak to run against Akbar, Yudhoyono and Kalla threw their weight
behind Surya Paloh. Finally, when Paloh was also perceived to be too weak to run against
Akbar, Yudhoyono gave the green light for Kalla to run for the Golkar Chairmanship.[15] On
19 December 2004, Kalla was elected as the new Chairman of Golkar.

Kalla's victory posed a dilemma for Yudhoyono. Although it now enabled Yudhoyono to
pass legislation, Kalla's new position meant that in one sense, he was now more powerful
than Yudhoyono.

The first sign of rivalry came during the Indian Ocean tsunami when Kalla, apparently on his
own initiative, assembled the ministers and signed a Vice Presidential decree ordering work
to begin on rehabilitating Aceh. The legality of the Vice Presidential decree was
questioned[16] although Yudhoyono maintained that it was he who gave the orders for Kalla to
Jusuf Kalla with Russian President (then Prime Minister), Vladimir Putin

The second sign was in September 2005 when Yudhoyono went to New York to attend the
annual United Nations Summit. Although Yudhoyono had left Kalla to take charge of
proceedings at Jakarta, he seemed to be bent on maintaining a watch on matters at home.
Yudhoyono would hold a video conference from New York to receive reports from ministers.
Critics suggested that such conduct was an expression of distrust by Yudhoyono[17] The
suggestion seemed to gain momentum when Kalla only showed up for one video conference
and then spent the rest of the time taking care of Golkar matters.

Although things calmed down, especially with Golkar gaining another cabinet position in the
reshuffle, the alleged rivalry surfaced again in October 2006 when Yudhoyono established
the Presidential Work Unit for the Organization of Reform Program (UKP3R). Critics
questioned whether the establishment of the unit was an attempt by Yudhoyono to exclude
Kalla from the government. Yudhoyono was quick to clarify that in supervising UKP3R, he
would be assisted by Kalla.[18]

Presidential elections 2014

Kalla has been often mentioned as a possible nominee of the Golkar Party in the 2014
presidential race.[19][20] In 2009 Kalla ran in the Indonesian presidential election with former
Armed Forces Chief of Staff Wiranto as his running mate, finishing third with 12.4% of the

During a dedication ceremony of the Indonesian Red Cross headquarters in the Riau province
on 3 February 2012 Kalla stated his willingness to run in the presidential election in 2014
should he receive sufficient public support.[19] By May 2012 however, Kalla stated that he
had no intention of running in the 2014 Presidential election. Kalla said he had no hard
feelings about party chairman Aburizal Bakrie's upcoming inauguration as presidential
candidate for the Golkar Party and that he had no intention of competing with him despite
surveys that showed that Kalla was likely to be more electable than Bakrie.[21] During
Golkar's National Leadership meeting in Bogor on 29 June 2012, Bakrie was officially
declared the Golkar Party's 2014 Presidential candidate.[22]

Nevertheless, in the changeable political scene in Indonesia the situation can be expected to
evolve in the preparations for the 2014 presidential election. In late 2012 Jusuf Kalla
indicated that he would be prepared to move away from Golkar and join a ticket sponsored by
the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) with former president Megawati as
candidate for president and him as the vice-presidential candidate. "If I am not representing
Golkar Party, then I have no objection ... Everything is possible in politics," Kalla said.[23]

Jokowi's running mate

Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP)’s presidential candidate Joko Widodo
announced Jusuf Kalla as his vice presidential running mate at Gedung Juang, Jakarta, on
May 19, 2014.[24]

Second term of Vice Presidency

During his second term as Vice President, Kalla criticized neighbor nations Malaysia and
Singapore for airing their concerns about suffering from the repeated haze caused by
Indonesian forest fires, stating in March 2015: "For 11 months, they enjoyed nice air from
Indonesia and they never thanked us. They have suffered because of the haze for one month
and they get upset."[25] During the 2015 Southeast Asian haze crisis in September, Kalla
restated a similar position, while further questioning "why should there be an apology" from
Indonesia. It was also noted that Kalla had made similar comments between 2005 and 2007
during his first term of Vice Presidency.[26] In what was interpreted as a response to Kalla, the
Singaporean Minister for Foreign Affairs, K. Shanmugam, while noting that "PSI levels in
parts of Indonesia are at almost 2,000", expressed disappointment at "shocking statements
made, at senior levels, from Indonesia ... without any regard for their people, or ours, and
without any embarrassment, or sense of responsibility".[27] With Indonesia's pollution index
by the Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics declaring values
over 350 to be "hazardous", it was reported on 22 September 2015 that the index in
Palangkaraya in Central Kalimantan had hit 1,986.[28] Later in September, Kalla insisted that
Indonesia is "open", and requested that "Singapore, please come if you want to help. Don't
just talk";[29] this was in spite of earlier rejections (in that month) by Indonesia of Singapore's
offers of assistance.[30] In November, Kalla said that the destruction of Indonesian forests was
"not only our problem" as "foreign people" were also responsible. He scolded foreign
companies, saying "You take [Indonesian products], and pay $5, and you bring it here, and
sell for $100. Indonesian companies just get $5 ... you have to pay, if not we will cut down all
the trees, and let the world feel the heat ... The world has to pay for all of this. Don't always
accuse Indonesia." He also reiterated that since Singapore and Malaysia did not thank
Indonesia for "fresh air from Sumatra, Kalimantan", then there was no need for Indonesia to
apologize for haze from Indonesian forest fires.[31]

In February 2016, Kalla told the United Nations Development Programme not to finance or
carry out an LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community program in
Indonesia. Kalla previously stated opposition to LGBT campaigns in Indonesia, which he
considered at that point as deviating from social values.[32]

In April 2016, Kalla reportedly criticized how Singapore, "never wants to sign" an extradition
agreement with Indonesia, despite Singapore supposedly being the "country where the largest
number of" Indonesian fugitives had fled. The Singaporean Ministry of Foreign Affairs
responded by pointing out that an Indonesia-Singapore extradition treaty cum defence
cooperation pact had been signed in 2007,[33] while Kalla was also Vice President, but the
treaty was still pending ratification by the Indonesian House of Representatives.[34] The
Indonesian House had rejected the dual agreement in 2013 as "not favourable to Indonesia",
maintaining that "extradition and defence are two separate issues".[35]

Personal life
Kalla is married to Mufidah, with whom he has five children, Muchlisa, Muswira, Imelda,
Solichin and Chaerani.[36]

His career after the vice presidency has included many community activities. On 22
December 2009, he was elected as chairman of Indonesian Red Cross Society (Palang Merah
Indonesia, PMI). Kalla said that under his leadership the PMI would build up stocks in the
national blood bank to prepare for any increased demand for blood by hospital patients and
victims of natural disasters.[37]

See also
 Indonesia portal

 List of Vice Presidents of Indonesia


 Elin Yunita Kristanti (19 November 2009). "Sore Ini JK Akhirnya Pulang Kampung". Viva
News. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  Bagus BT, Saragih (21 October 2012). "Survey finds Golkar is popular, Aburizal not so
much". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 31
December 2012.
  Aryani Kristanti; Nur Alfiyah (28 November 2012). "Will Kalla Beat Aburizal?". Tempo
Indonesian magazine. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  Jusuf Kalla, Petinggi Negara yang Sederhana | Biografi | Ensiklopedi Tokoh Indonesia
  Bachelard, Michael (24 November 2012). "Filmmaker fears reprisals for exposé on
mass murders". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  Yayasan API, Panduan Parlelem Indonesia (Indonesian Parliamentary Guide), Jakarta,
ISBN 979-96532-1-5
  Barton, Greg (2002). Abdurrahman Wahid: Muslim Democrat, Indonesian President.
Singapore: UNSW Press. p. 302. ISBN 0-86840-405-5.
  "5 things to know about Indonesian Vice-President Jusuf Kalla". The Straits Times.
Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  Deklarasi Malino Mengakhiri Pertikaian di Poso. (20 December
  Eskol-Net]- Hot Spot: "Deklarasi Malino untuk Maluku"
  Rimanews Archived 30 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Nasional Rimanews.
  Nasional Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Suara Merdeka.
  "Blow to Megawati re-election bid". BBC News. 19 April 2004. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  Tempo Interaktif Archived 2 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  Nasional Archived 2 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. Suara Merdeka.
  Redaksi Tempo (24–30 October 2005). SBY-JK Duet Atau Duel: Edisi Khusus Setahun
Pemerintahan SBY-JK. Jakarta, Indonesia. p. 41.
  Redaksi Tempo (24–30 October 2005). SBY-JK Duet Atau Duel: Edisi Khusus Setahun
Pemerintahan SBY-JK. Jakarta, Indonesia. p. 40.
  Presiden SBY: UKP3R Dipertahankan | Berita Tokoh Indonesia
  "Jusuf Kalla ready to run for president in 2014". Antara (news agency). 3 February
2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  "Jusuf Kalla may run for president, Golkar says". The Jakarta Post. 1 March 2012.
Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  Staff writer (29 May 2012). "I have no intention of running for president". The Jakarta
Post. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  Zakir Hussain (30 June 2012). "Golkar chairman Aburizal Bakrie to run for president".
The Straits Times. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  Rabby Pramudatama, 'Kalla ready to dump Golkar and be VP candidate for Megawati',
The Jakarta Post, 26 November 2012.
  Fikri Fakih, PDIP: Gedung Joeang Dipilih Karena Jokowi Memulai Orde Perjuangan,, 19 May 2014
  Setuningsih, Novianti (3 March 2015). "VP Kalla Slams Neighboring Countries Over
Haze Complaints". Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015.
Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  "Indonesia VP Kalla reiterates that Indonesia does not need to apologise to neighbours
over haze". The Straits Times. 25 September 2015. Archived from the original on 26
September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  Liang, Annabelle (25 September 2015). "Singapore shuts schools, distributes free masks
for haze". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 26
September 2015.
  Rahadiana, Reika. "Haze Worsens as Smog Covers Singapore, Parts of Indonesia".
Bloomberg News. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  "Singapore should help solve haze issue, not just talk about it: Indonesian V-P Jusuf
Kalla". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 29
September 2015.
  "Jakarta again declines Singapore haze help". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 29
September 2015.
  Ismail, Saifulbahri. "Indonesia VP blames foreign countries for destroying forests".
Channel News Asia. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  "Kalla requests UNDP to not fund LGBT groups". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2
February 2016.
  Greenlees, Donald. "Indonesia and Singapore sign two landmark treaties". The New
York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  Arshad, Arlina. "Kalla's comments 'incorrect, misleading'". The Straits Times. Retrieved
25 April 2016.
  "Indonesia's House wants extradition treaty with S'pore". AsiaOne. Retrieved 25 April
  Figur magazine, Edition XXIX/2008, p29, PT. Panca Wira Karsa, Jakarta, ISSN 1978-

37.  "Mar'ie hands over Red Cross job to Kalla". The Jakarta Post. 13 January 2010.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jusuf Kalla.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jusuf Kalla

 (in Indonesian) Profile at TokohIndonesia

 (in Indonesian) Official Site of Jusuf Kalla
 (in Indonesian) Jusuf Kalla's Blog
 (in Indonesian) Official Site of Sahabat Muda Jusuf Kalla-Wiranto
 (in Indonesian) Official Site of Jusuf Kalla and Wiranto for Presidential Election 2009

Political offices

Preceded by Vice President of Indonesia Succeeded by

Hamzah Haz 2004–2009 Boediono

Preceded by Vice President of Indonesia

Boediono 2014–present

Party political offices

Preceded by Leader of Golkar Succeeded by

Akbar Tanjung 2004–2009 Aburizal Bakrie

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Vice Presidents of Indonesia

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Candidates in the Indonesian presidential election, 2004

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Candidates in the Indonesian presidential election, 2009

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Candidates in the Indonesian presidential election, 2014